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i



RICHMONDSHIRE CHURCHES.



PRINTED BY
J. WHITKHEAD AND SON, AI.KKKD STREET. BOAR I.ANE,




Churches



BY



H. B. McCALL,



AUTHOR OF

"SOME OLD FAMILIES," "HISTORY OF MIDCAI.DKR,"

THE WAXDESFORDKS OF KIRKI.INGTON," " KARI.Y HISTORY OK BRDALE'
MKMliER OF HIE COUNCIL OF THE YORKSHIRE ARCH/KOLOGICAL SOCIETY.



Illustrated.



LONDON:
ELLIOT STOCK, 62, PATERNOSTER ROW.

1910.

[Entered ai Stationers' Hall.~\



Firm was their faith, those ancient bands,
The wise of heart, in wood and stone,
Who reared with stern and trusting hands
Those dark, grey towers of days unknown.
They filled the aisles with many a thought;
They bade each nook some truth recall;
The pillared arch its legend brought ;
A doctrine came from roof and ivafl."

HAWKER OF MORWENSTOAV



LIST OF SUBSCRIBERS.



The Most Rev. His Grace The Lord Archbishop of York.

The Right Rev. The Lord Bishop of Ripon.

The Right Rev. The Lord Bishop of Wakefield.

The Right Rev. The Bishop Suffragan of Beverley.

The Right Rev. The Bishop Suffragan of Knaresborough.

The Right Rev. The Bishop Suffragan of Richmond.

S. O. Addy, Esq., 3, Westbourne Road, Sheffield.

Rt. Hon. Lord Airedale, Gledhow Hall, Leeds.

Mrs. Warde-Aldam, Hooton Pagnell Hall.

Messrs. E. G. Allen & Co. Ltd., 14, Grape Street, London.

Tempest Anderson, Esq., D.Sc., 17, Stonegate, York.

Colonel Archer, Rudd Hall, Bedale.

Robert Archer, Esq., Horsforth, Leeds.

Sir Geo. J. Armytage, Bart., Kirklees Park.

Thos. Arton, Esq., Micklefield House, Rawdon.

Wm. D. Arton, Esq., Tanfield Lodge, Bedale.

Miss Askwith, n, College Road, Ripon.

W. Ayrton, Esq., 10, Dale Street, Liverpool.

A. B. Wilson-Barkworth, Esq., Kirk Ella, HuU.

Sir John Barran, Bart., M.P., Sawley Hall, Ripon.

Miss Elizabeth Barstow, Garrow Hill, York.

Mrs. Bateman, Slenningford Park, Ripon.

Rev. Canon Beanlands, Aynscourt House, Orpington.

Sir Hugh Bell, Bart., Rounton Grange, Northallerton.

Mrs. R. Bell, Aiskew Manor House, Bedale.

Geo. Benson, Esq., Nunthorpe Avenue, York.

James Berry, Esq., 21, Wimpole Street, London, W.

Dr. R. W. Bishop, Tanfield, Bedale.

Sir Nathan Bodington, Woodburne, Leeds.

Rt. Hon. Lord Bolton, Bolton Hall, Wensley.

William Bond, Esq., Clapham, Lancaster.

Mrs. Boultbee, Holy Trinity Vicarage, Burton-on-Trent.



VI



Richnwndshire Churches.



John Brennand, Esq., Baldersby Park, Thirsk.
John J. Brigg, Esq., Kildwick Hall, Keighley.

F. J. Broadbent, Esq., Croft House, Mirfield.
Jolm A. Brooke, Esq., Fenay Hall, Huddersfield.
Rev. J. J. Brown, Whitecliffe Lodge, Ripon.
Rev. Canon Wm. Brown, Old Elvet, Durham.
William Brown, Esq., F.S.A., Sowerby, Thirsk.
George Buchannan, Esq., Union Place, Whitby.

G. G. Buckley, Esq., M.D., Municipal Offices, Crewe.

The Rt. Hon. The Earl of Carlisle, Naworth Castle.

Rev. Edgar Carr, Kirkby Wiske Rectory, Thirsk.

The Hon. Mrs. Cathcart, Mowbray House, Ripon.

Kirke Cathrop, Esq., Lafayette Avenue, Detroit, U.S.A.

S. J. Chadwick, Esq., F.S.A., Lyndhurst, Dewsbury.

John E. Champney, Esq., Hans Place, London, S.W.

John Charlesworth, Esq., The Crofts, Horbury.

Walter N. Cheesman, Esq., Selby.

Rev. W. H. Chitty, Aysgarth School, Newton-le-Willows.

E. Kitson Clark, Esq., F.S.A., Meanwoodside, Leeds.

E. T. Clark, Esq., F.S.A., The Goddards, Snaith.

Wm. Clarke, Esq., Victoria Terrace, Stockton.

A. T. Clay, Esq., Rastrick, Brighouse.

J. W. Clay, Esq., F.S.A., Rastrick House, Brighouse.

A. L. H. Cleland, Esq., Sharow Cross, Ripon.

Rev. C. V. Collier, F.S.A., East Harlesey, Northallerton.

John Comber, Esq., High Steep, Jarvis Brook.

Robt. B. Cook, Esq., 44, St. John Street, York.

Rev. A. T. Coore, Scruton Hall, Bedale.

Lady Cowell, Clifton Castle, Bedale.

Kobt. F. Crosland, Esq., F.R.G.S., Oldneld Nook, Cleckheaton.

E. W. Crossley, Esq., Dean House, Halifax.

T. H. Crossley, Esq., Oak Villa, Elland.

The Very Rev. A. P. Purey-Cust, The Deanery, York.

I-r.mcis Darwin, Esq., Creskeld, Arthington.

Mrs. Dawson, Hartlington Hall, Skipton.

Rev. J. P. Day, St. Cuthbert's Vicarage, Durham.

S. Denison, Esq., M.I.M.E., West Park, Leeds.

). Norton Dickons, Esq., Heaton, Bradford.

C. E. Dixon, Esq., Solicitor, Ley burn.



List of Subscribers. vii

Blanche, Lady Dodsworth, Thornton Watlass Hall.
Rev. W. F. Drury, Hornby Vicarage, Bedale.
Hiram Dyson, Esq., Salendine Nook.

J. C. Fxkersley, Esq., Carlton Manor, Yeadon.

R. H. Edleston, Esq., F.S.A., Gainford, near Darlington.

T. Eland, Esq., 40, Carey Street, Lincoln's Inn, W.C.

T. M. Fallow, Esq., F.S.A., Coatham House, Redcar.

Rev. James Farmer, Lucan House, Ripon.

W. Farrer, Esq., Hall Garth, Carnforth.

Walter Fennell, Esq., Aislabie, Ripon.

Arthur H. J. Fletcher, Esq., Sheepridge, Huddersfield.

Rev. Canon J. T. Fowler, D.C.L., F.S.A., Durham.

Rev. W. H. Frere, House of the Resurrection, Mirneld.

Rev. G. P. H. Frost, Tanfield Rectory, Bedale.

Sir Christopher Furness, M.P., Grantley Hall, Ripon.

Frank Gallsworthy, Esq., Araucaria, Harrogate.

Rev. Canon Garrod, The Residence, Ripon.

Francis V. Gill, Esq., 127, Sunbridge Road, Bradford.

Fred. Gleadow, Esq., 38, Ladbroke Grove, London.

Rev. E. Spencer Gough, Barningham Rectory.

John G. Gradon, Esq., Lynton House, Durham.

Sir Reginald Graham, Bart., Norton Conyers, Ripon.

Henry Gray, I, Churchfield Road, East Acton.

Frank Green, Esq., Treasurer's House, York.

Hugo G. H. Green, Esq., Bradford Road, Wakefield.

Miss Greenwood, Park House, Bedale.

John A. Greenwood, Esq.., Fontington House, Chichester.

The Ven. H. Armstrong Hall, Archdeacon of Richmond.

C. H. C. Harrison, Esq., Holme Lodge, Thirsk.

Rev. Thos. Harrison, Worsley Vicarage, Manchester.

Rev. Canon J. T. Hartley, Burneston Vicarage

J. P. Haswell, Esq., F.R.I.B.A., North Shields.

Viscount Helmsley, M.P., Nawton Tower.

R. Oliver Heslop, Esq., 13, Eskdale Terrace, Newcastle.

M. N. Highmoor, Esq., Litcham, Swaffham.

J. R. Highmoor, Esq., The Chantry, Ravenstonedale

Mrs. D'Arcy Hildyard, Catterick.



viii Richmondshire Churches.

Wm. Hffl, Esq., The Mount, Harrogate
Geo H Hill, Esq., Ernscrof, Compshill, Stockport.
Major E H Hills, C.M.G., Aldburgh Hall, Masham.
T F Hobson, Esq., South Street, Durham.
' G' Hodgson, Esq., Northern Counties Club, Newcastle.
Rev. H. C. Holmes, Birkby Rectory, Northallerton.
Mrs. Cockburn-Hood, Ashford, Kent.

Mrs J S E Cockburn-Hood, Granvill Square, Scarborough.
Isaac Hordern, Esq., Edgerton House, Huddersfield
J. Fletcher Home, Esq., M.D., The Poplars, Barnsley.
Wm. Horne, F.G.S., Leyburn.
Dr. T. Horsfall, Bedale.

Rev. A. W. Howard, Mount Hermon Road, Torquay.
(). W. Hunt, Esq., Winterfield, Bedale.
John H. Hutchinson, Esq., Catterick.
John Hutton, Esq., D.L., Solberge, Northallerton.

Miss Illingworth, Womersley House, Thirsk.
W. L. Ingle, Esq., Millshaw House, Churwell.
John A. Irving, Esq., West Fell, Corbridge-on-Tyne.

Rev. Gilbert C. Joyce, St. Deniols, Hawarden.

J. B. Kay, Esq., Malton House, Rotherham.

W. J. Kaye, Esq., F.S.A., Pembroke, Harrogate.

Messrs. Kegan, Paul, Trench, Triibner & Co., London.

John L. Kirk, Esq., The Low Hall, Pickering.

M. Kirkley, Esq., The Town Hall, Ripon.

Sydney D. Kitson, Esq., F.R.I. B.A., Gledhow, Leeds.

A. L. Knight, Esq., Morfa House, Con way.

W. T. Lancaster, Esq., Mount Preston, Leeds.

Rev. M. G. Lascelles, Harewood Vicarage.

Rev. H. Lawrance, Dinting Vicarage, Glossop.

Andrew S. Lawson, Esq., F.S.A., Aldborough Manor.

Sir Arthur Lawson, Bart., Bedale Hall.

Sir John Grant Lawson, Bart., Middlethorpe, York.

Claud Leatham, Esq., Wentbridge, Pontefract.

His Grace The Duke of Leeds, Hornby Castle, Bedale.

Major Wm. Lees, Market Street, Manchester.

Henry E. Leetham, Esq., J.P., Aldersyde, York.



List of Subscribers. ix

Rev. M. L. Liebenrood, Kirklington Rectory.
Miss Eleanor Lloyd, Woodburn, Crowborough.
Arthur .T. Longbotham, Esq., Stafford Lawn, Halifax.
G. D. Lumb, Esq., F.S.A., 63, Albion Street, Leeds.

LIBRARIES AND SOCIETIES:

Baltimore The Peabody Institute.
Berlin The Royal Library.
Bolton The Public Library.
Bradford -The Free Library.

Cambridge The University Library.
Chicago The Newberry Library.

Dewsbury The Public Library.
Dublin Trinity College Library.

Edinburgh The Advocates' Library.
The Public Library.

Glasgow The Mitchell Library.

Harrogate The Public Library.
Hawarden St. Deniol's Library.
Huddersfield The Public Library.
Hull The Public Library.

Lancaster The Public Library.
Leeds The City Library.

The Church Institute.

The Institute of Science, Art, and Literature.
The Leeds Library, Commercial Street.
The University Library.
The Yorkshire Archaeological Society.
London The British Museum.

The Library of the City Corporation, Guildhall.
The London Library, St. James' Square.
The Society of Antiquaries, Burlington House.

Manchester Chetham's Library.

The Reference Library, King Street.
Middlesbrough The Free Public Library.
Mirfield The House of the Resurrection.

Newcastle The Literary and Philosophical Society.
The Public Library.



x Richmondslnre Churches.

LIBRARIES AND SOCIETIES (continued}-

New York-The University Library, University
Ox f or d The Bodleian Library.
Paris The Bibliotheque Nationale.
PhUadelphia-The Historical Society of Pennsylvania.

The Library Company.
Pittsburg The Carnegie Library.

Ripon The Clergy College.

The Holden Library.
Washington The Library of Congress.

York The City Public Library.

The Dean and Chapter Library.

The Subscription Library.

The Architectural and York Archaeological Society.

The Yorkshire Philosophical Society.

Arthur V. Machin, Esq., Depedene, Filey.

Matthew Mackey, Esq., 36, Highbury, West Jesmond.

Rev. Ranald Macpherson, Littlethorpe, Ripon.

Rev. H. D. A. Major, Beech Grove, Ripon.

Rev. F. B. Manners, Springfield House, Ripon.

Isaac Marshall, Esq., Sarnesfield Court, Weobley.

Mrs. Jackson Mason, St. Paul's Lodge, Beckenham.

Hugh Maughan, Esq., Neville Hall, Middleham.

John Maughan, Esq., Jervaulx, Middleham.

John Mclntyre, Esq., Theakston Hall, Bedale.

Mrs. H. G. McLaughlin, The Knoll, Ripon.

J. M. Meek, Esq., 6, Nelson Terrace, Redcar.

F. L. Micklethwaite, Esq., Victoria Avenue, Harrogate.

Mr. Jas. Miles, 32, Guildford Street, Leeds.

S. Milne Milne, Esq., Calverley House, Leeds.

J. J. Moubray, Esq., Killerby Hall, Catterick.

F. H. Mountford, Esq., The Old Bank, Bedale.

The Viscount Mountgarret, Nidd Hall, Ripley.

J. B. Morrell, Esq., Burton Croft, York.

Joseph E. Morris, Esq., Elstree, Herts.

Percy Musgrave, Esq., Brookland, Bolton.

His Grace The Duke of Norfolk, Norfolk House, S.W,






of Subscribers. xi

John Nevin, Esq., Littlemoor, Mirfield.

The late J. Bailey Newsome, Esq., Dewsbury.

Chris. John Newstead, Esq., Woodcroft, Otley.

Joseph Oswald, Esq., 97, Osborne Road, Newcastle.
Rev. W. H. Oxley, Petersham Vicarage, Sussex.

Col. J. W. R. Parker, F.S.A., Browsholme Hall, Clitheroe.

Dr. H. C. Pauli, Middleham.

Stanley Pearson, Esq., Ainderby Steeple.

Mrs. Beresford Peirse, Bedale Rectory.

Mrs. Mackay Plews, South View House, Basingstoke.

Rev. Henry Polloxfen, Stan wick Vicarage.

Sir Francis S. Powell, Bart., Horton Old Hall.

W. F. Powell, Esq., Sharow Hill, Ripon.

Rev. Ernest Orde-Powlett, Wensley Rectory.

Hon. H. R. Orde-Powlett, 2, Queensberry Place, S.W.

Rev. R. E. Pownall, Patrick Brompton Vicarage.

Colonel H. F. Pudsey, Sutton Hall, Hull.

Mrs. Punshon, Ingleby House, Northallerton.

Robert Pybus, Esq., Ben well, Newcastle.

W. R. Redhead, Esq., Flamborough, E. Yorks.
Rev. F. Redmayne, Well Rectory, Bedale.
Rev. Canon S. Reed, Bishop Monkton Vicarage.
Captain F. H. Reynard, Camp Hill, Bedale.
A. S. Robinson, Esq., Dundas Villa, Redcar.
J. J. Robinson, Esq., Carmel Road, Darlington.
Rev. Wm. Thos. Robson, West Rounton Rectory.
Percival Ross, Esq., C.E., Buttershaw, Bradford.
Arthur Rowntree, Esq., Bootham, York.
H. Bulmer Rudd, Westgate, Ripon.

Francis Samuelson, Esq., Breckenborough Hall.
Harold Sands, Esq., F.S.A., Carlisle Road, Eastbourne.
H. V. Scott, Esq., St. Peter's Grove, York.
John Scott, Esq., Croft House, Skipton-in-Craven.
Henry Scrope, Esq., Danby Hall, Middleham.
H. B. Sellers, Esq., Yorkshire Penny Bank, Leeds.
Rev. H. M. Sharpies, Finghall Rectory.
Rev. J. P. Shaw, All Saints' Rectory, York.



xii Richmondshire. Churches.

T. Sheppard, Esq., F.G.S., The Municipal Museum, Hull.

F. G. Simpson, Esq., The Moorlands, Boston Spa.

Mrs. Geo. Simpson, Didsbury, Manchester.

Rev. F. Sinker, The Vicarage, Ilkley.

Rev. Chas. Slingsby, Scriven Park, Knaresborough.

J. A. Slingsby, Esq., Carla Beck, Skipton.

W. Slingsby, Esq., Thorpe Underwood Hall, York.

Rev. Wm. Kerr-Smith, Catterick Vicarage.

Harry Speight, Esq., Priestthorpe, Bingley.

Thos. Spencer, Lennox House, Richmond.

Miles J. Stapylton, Esq., Myton Hall, Helperby.

Rev. W. J. Stavert, Burnsall Rectory.

Mrs. Steinthal, St. John's, Ilkley.

Mill Stephenson, Esq., F.S.A., 38, Ritherdon Road, S.W.

Messrs. B. F. Stevens & Brown, 4, Trafalgar Square, W.

Mrs. Stevenson, Scotton Hall, Richmond, Yorks.

Wm. E. Stodart, Esq., Babylon, N.Y.

Rev. H. C. Sturdy, Wath Rectory, near Ripon.

John Sunderland, Esq., Skipton.

Chas. J. Sutherland, Esq., M.D., Dacre House, South Shields.

Rev. Thos. W. Swann, Orston Vicarage, Notts.

Rev. R. Fetzer Taylor, Woodbridge, Suffolk.

Nicholas Temperley, Esq., Low Fell, Gateshead.

Mrs. Tempest, Broughton Hall, Skipton.

Henry Theakston, Esq., 42, Stanley Street, Liverpool.

Mrs. Geo. Thompson, Whickham, Swalwell.

Henry N. Thorburn, Esq., Cradock ViUa, Bishop Auckland.

Legh Tolson, Esq., Finthorpe, Almondbury.

G. J. F. Tomlinson, Esq., Accra, Gold Coast, West Africa.

W. Townend, Esq., Amberd, St. John's, Wakefield.

W. G. Ullathorne, Esq., Elmcroft, Godalming.
Rev. Matson Vincent, Great Ouseburn, York.

A. W. Kinsley Walker, Esq., M.D., Argyle House, Harrogate.

'. Hutton Walker, Esq., Egglescliffe.

. Lomas Walker, Esq., Kirklington House, Harrogate.
John W. Walker, Esq.. M.D., F.S.A., Chapelthorpe, Wakefield
. Wandesford, Esq., J.P., D.L., Castlecomer, Ireland.



List of Subscribers. xiii

G. E. Weddall, Esq., Thornton House, Gilberdike.
Alexander Wedderburn, Esq., Cadogan Place, S.W.
Colonel W. A. White, Clifton Green, York.
Rev. G. T. Whitehead, Thornton Watlass Rectory.
Messrs. John Whitehead & Son, Alfred Street, Leeds.
Rev. C. E. Whiting, St. Chad's Hostel, Hooton Pagnell.
J. H. Wilkinson, Esq., Villa Rosa, Horsforth.
Captain W. Wilkinson, Bishop Auckland.
E. Wilson, Esq., Crofton Hall, Wakefield.

E. B. Wilson, Esq., Quarry Gap, Mirfield.

Rev. Canon J. A. \Vilson, Bolton Rectory, Clitheroe.
Rev. John Wilson, Pickhill Vicarage.
J. C. Winn, Esq., The Grange, Aysgarth.

F. D. Wise, Esq., The Diocesan Registry, Ripon.
Edward Wooler, Esq., F.S.A., Darlington.



PREFACE.

IF it be true that the houses in which we dwell and the public
buildings with which we are brought in contact exercise a
certain influence over our minds, for good or for evil, for our
pleasure or for our distress how much more is that the case
with the churches in which we worship ? Our surroundings,
indeed, in whatever form, constitute an ever-present factor in
our lives. Consciously or unconsciously, they are our constant
companions and monitors. How important, then, that they
should teach us that which is true, and only that which is true.
It is not too much to say of our ancient churches that they
express the permanent sub-consciousness of the life of the
English people. In their varied styles they reflect the changes
which have passed over our national history. Sometimes
grand in their loneliness, they are often imposing in their
magnitude, and always impressive in the mystery which hangs
over their story. " Is it a mere fancy," asked the Archbishop
of York, when preaching at the re-opening of Selby Abbey, " to
suppose that in these old, quiet churches we come into closer
touch than elsewhere with the Church invisible ? When the
crowds have left this ancient building to-day and all is still, will
it be empty ? Will it not be still filled with a presence, a power,
and an influence deeper, greater, and quieter than our own ? "

Yet if we are to form a just appreciation of any old church,
we need to possess some knowledge of its architecture a
certain acquaintance with its history. What was the rudi-
mentary form and plan of this particular fabric ? At what
periods were the various stages of its development achieved,
and what was the occasion and import of each extension ?



XVI



Richmondshtre Churches.



The varying prominence, for example, which successive ages
have assigned to different phases of Christian doctrine, is
reflected, in no uncertain manner, in the material structure
of our churches. What kind of services were held here, and
how was the building decorated and furnished, of old ? Again,
who have worshipped, and who have ministered within these
walls ? What part did they take in the great religious changes
of the sixteenth century ; and how was the Church served
during the Commonwealth? These are questions which
must be answered, if we are to read aright the lesson which
an ancient church conveys to us.

It must be confessed that a lamentable ignorance of
the subject has prevailed in most of our country villages,
where the noblest examples of church architecture are
often to be found. But there are signs, as Mr. Francis
Bond tells us, 1 that these times of indifference and neglect
are passing away. We are becoming alive to the treasures
of our own country. It is, indeed, a subject for thankfulness
that, in spite of all her troubles and vicissitudes, the English
Church has been able to preserve and hand down to us such a
priceless store of mediaeval art.

" It is difficult in these days," says Mr. E. T. Clark,- " to
understand the close affection in which, in the middle ages,
the parishioners held their Parish Church. When the fashion
for founding monasteries passed away, about the thirteenth
century, men turned to their Parish Church, and beautified it.
It was associated with almost every event of their daily lives.
It was, as it were, their own. It was the one place where all
were on an equality, in claiming the consolation derived from
its services. All could give something to it, and nearly all
did. The poorest could give a trifle towards a new vestment,

1 h'onts and Font Covers, vii.
' J The Church of St. Lawrence, Snaith, 1904, p. 18.



Preface. * xvii

or towards founding a fresh altar ; and what they gave they
could see in daily use ; not hidden from sight, as in the monas-
teries. It is impossible to avoid regret that so many of the
beautiful things which, with self-denial and labour, were pro-
vided in love for the services of God's House in the past,
should have had to suffer destruction from motives, not always
of the highest description. It cannot be amiss, however, to
remind the present generation of the generosity and affection
towards their Parish Church which was displayed by their
ancestors."

In the following pages a new and untrodden district has
been traversed. The ten church fabrics selected for description
have been so chosen because they present, collectively, an
epitome of English ecclesiastical architecture from the Eleventh
to the Sixteenth century. Nothing is, perhaps, so useful,
for the proper understanding of a church, as a study of its
ground-plan. The plans which appear in this volume have
all been measured and drawn by the Author himself, and are
to uniform scale, namely, 5ft. = i inch. The comparative
size of the various churches is thus seen at a glance. The
dates assigned upon these plans, and elsewhere in the work,
are to be understood as being approximate only. No one can
date a building from its architectural character alone, to
within ten years, nor perhaps even twenty years, with absolute
precision. But, as a matter of convenience, "about 1260 "
is an expression which the mind can more easily grasp than
" the third quarter of the Thirteenth century," which requires
a sum in mental arithmetic to find out what it means. And,
in any case, it is preferable to the terms " late Early English"
and "early Decorated," which are vague and indeterminate,
and are, happily, becoming obsolete. The constructive art
of the Fifteenth century, sometimes spoken of as " Perpen-
dicular," is always more difficult to date than the work of the



xviii Richmondshtre Churches.

preceding centuries, because the same forms continued so long
in vogue ; and late work is to be recognised not by progress but
by decline. In art, as in character, the process of deterioration
is less sharply denned than that of vigorous growth. It,
therefore, becomes doubly valuable when we can get historical
evidence of the date of any building at this period. Fortu-
nately, we have the original contracts for the construction of
Catterick Church, 1412, and for that of the south aisle of Hornby
in 1410. The chapel of St. John the Baptist at Wath Church
may also be regarded as a dated building, because the licence
was granted for its erection in 1327, and the chantry founded
in i33 2 -

The pedigrees with which it has been found convenient to
illustrate the text are not in any sense to be regarded as com-
plete genealogies of the respective families to which they relate,
but merely introduce so much of the manorial history as bears
upon the fabrics of the churches, and the various sepulchral
monuments contained within them.

The personnel of the clergy is interesting in many ways.
They were the officials who, for the time being, were entrusted
with the working of the ecclesiastical machinery of the various
parishes. Owing to dearth of record, however, we labour, in
Richmondshire, under much disadvantage in the endeavour to
ascertain the names of the parochial clergy, or any particulars
of their careers ; for comparatively few of the wills have been
preserved, and none of the Archdeacons' Registers so far as
we have been able to ascertain. From other and more general
sources we have, indeed, been able to glean some interesting
biographical details concerning many of the incumbents, but
there must be many others of whom we have no account.
Truly we may say, with the writer of the Book Ecclesiastics :
Let us now praise famous men, and our fathers that begat us.
These were honoured in their generations, and were



Preface. xix

the glory of their times. There be of them that have left
a name behind them, that their praises might be reported.
And some there be which have no memorial ; who are perished
as though they had never been.

The Author's thanks are due, and are heartily offered,
to the incumbents of all the parishes for the facilities so readily *
afforded for examining the churches and registers, and for
permission to make drawings and photographs ; to Mr. William
Brown, F.S.A.; Mr. Chas. C. Hodges ; Rev. H. Lawrance ;
Mr. T. M. Fallow, F.S.A.; the Hon. Henry Orde-Powlett ;
and the many others who have rendered him assistance by
their kind advice. The photographs, which add so much to
the interest of the volume, have, in most cases, been furnished
by the devotion of skilled amateurs, who have freely given
their services, and to whom the Author returns his best
thanks. The source of each illustration is printed on the
plate. The Council of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society
has generously lent the blocks for Plates XII, XVII, LI,
and LIU ; and the block of the Wath chest (Plate XXXV)
was kindly supplied by the Durham and Northumberland
Archaeological Society.



CONTENTS.



PAGE

LIST OF SUBSCRIBERS v

PREFACE - xv

INTRODUCTION.
The Archdeaconry of Richmond xxiii

CHAPTER I.
The Church of Saint Lambert, Burneston i

CHAPTER II.
The Church of Saint Anne, Catterick 18

CHAPTER III.
The Church of Saint Mary, Hornby 41

CHAPTER IV.
The Church of Saint John the Baptist, Kirkby Wiske 63

CHAPTER V.
The Church of Saint Michael, Kirklington 78

CHAPTER VI.
The Church of Saint Patrick, Patrick Brompton 105

CHAPTER VII.
The Church of All Saints, Pickhill 123

CHAPTER VIII.
The Church of Saint Mary, Wath 138

CHAPTER IX.
The Church of the Holy Trinity, Wensley 158

CHAPTER X.
The Church of Saint Nicholas, West Tanfield 187

INDEX - 211



INTRODUCTION.



THE ARCHDEACONRY OF RICHMOND.



THE Archdeaconry of Richmond was erected about the
year 1088, and was endowed by Thomas, Archbishop of
York, with the valuable impropriations of Easingwold,
Bolton, Clapham, and Thornton Steward. It was, at once,
the wealthiest and most extensive Archdeaconry in the



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