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and designed to commemorate two men, the date of whose
deaths was divided by a period of nearly fifty years.

Simon de Wensley appeared at York, in 1386, as a witness

1 NOTE MADE BY LORD BOLTON, 25 portions of the sides were intact, and the

October, 1904 : bottom was perfect, though rotten. On

" This morning I went to Wensley the south side of this were evidences of

Church, the chancel of which is being another, and much earlier burial. This

restored, and witnessed the removal of represented the remains of a very tall

the slab of limestone with the brass of man, and the skull, which was large, was

Sir Simon de Wencelagh and the smaller close to the skull of Oswald Dykes. I

brass of Oswald Dykes upon it. On believe this to be the skeleton of Sir

removing the earth beneath the slab, we Simon de Wencelagh, about 1395. Both

found that the grave extended from the burials were east and west. No bones

west end of the slab to about a foot were removed. BOLTON."
beyond its eastern end The fir.t burial 3 , N()tice of a reniarkable sepu lchral

we came upon was hardly three feet from , |rass - n the church of Weng] , Rey

the surface, and I believe it to be hat of ; Rai { ArctueelegU

Oswald Dykes, 1607. Ihe skull was ^ viii
small, and he did not seem to have been
a tall man. Of the wooden coffin, 3 Chronicle of St. Albans.

To face Page 172.


Holy Trinity, Wensley. 173

on behalf of his patron, Richard, Lord Scrope, in the celebrated
controversy with Sir Richard Grosvenor, who had usurped the
ancient arms of the Scropes, Azure a bend or. His testimony
was evidently considered very valuable, and it occupies a prom-
inent position amongst the depositions received. This is so singu-
larly curious, and relates so immediately to the church of
Wensley, that we shall give it at length. It is as follows :

" Sir Simon, parson of the church of Wynneslowe, of the age of
sixty years and upwards, said certainly that the arms, azure a bend
or, appertained to Sir Richard Scrope, for that they were in his
church of Wynneslowe, in certain glass windows of that church,
of which Sir Richard was patron, and on the west gable window
of the said church were the entire arms of Sir Richard Scrope
in a glass window, the setting up of which arms is beyond
the memory of man. The said arms were also in divers other
parts of the said church, and in his chancel in a glass window,
and in the east gable also were the said arms placed, amongst
the arms of great lords, such as the King, the Earl of Northum-
berland, the Lord of Neville, the Earl of Warren. He also
said that there was a tomb in his cemetery of Simon Scrope,
as might be seen by the inscription on the tomb, who was
buried in the ancient fashion in a stone chest, with the inscription,
Cy gist Simond le Scrope, without date. And after Simon Scrope
lieth one Henry Scrope, son of the said Simon, in the same
manner as his father, next the side of his father, in the same
cemetery. And after him lieth W 7 illiam, son of the said Henry
Scrope, who lieth in the manner aforesaid beneath the stone,
and there is graven thereon, Ycy gist William le Scrope, without
date, for the bad weather, wind and snow and rain, had so
defaced it that no man could make out the remainder of
the writing, so old and defaced was it. Several others of his
lineage and name were buried there, one after the other, under
large square stones, which, being so massive, were sunk into
the earth, so that no more of the stone than the summit of
it could be seen ; and many other of their sons and daughters
were buried under great stones. From William came Henry
Scrope, knight, who lieth in the abbey of St. Agatha, armed
in his arms, azure a bend or, which Sir Henry was founder of
the said abbey ; and Sir William Scrope, elder brother of Sir
Richard that now is, lieth in the same abbey, with the arms
depicted but not painted. The said Sir Simon placed before the
Commissioners an albe with flaps, upon which were embroidered

174 Richmondshire Churches.

the arms of the Scropes entire, the making of which arms and
the donor were beyond the memory of man. He added that
the patronage of his church of Wynneslowe had always been
vested in Sir Richard Scrope and his ancestors bearing the name
of Scrope beyond the memory of man ; and that the arms,
azure a bend or, had always been reputed to belong to him
and his ancestors, and he never heard the contrary ; he had
never heard that the arms had been challenged, or of Sir
Richard Grosvenor, or any of his ancestors."

The heraldic glass which has survived in the windows of
the church is confined to four shields, glazed into the altar
window of the chancel. None of these, however, are so old as
the date of the Scrope and Grosvenor dispute. The upper
shield in the centre light displays France modern and England
quarterly, indicating a date after 1405 ; the lower shield in
the same light is illegible, except that the saltire engrailed
gules of Tiptoft can be made out. The dexter light exhibits
the arms of Scrope and Tiptoft quarterly, impaling those of
Dacre and Vaux quarterly, recording an alliance which took
place after 1501 ; and the shield in the sinister light depicts
Scrope quartering Tiptoft, impaled with Fitzhugh quartering
Marmion. This marriage took place in 1447, when the bride-
groom was twelve years of age. The east window of the north
aisle also contains some fragments of painted glass from a
mediaeval window, but it is not heraldic.

Preserved in the north aisle is a fine sculptured grave-
stone of blue marble, with the effigies in bas-relief of Henry
and Richard, younger sons of Henry, Lord Scrope, who both
died unmarried in 1525. The inscription, which runs round
the stone, may be read thus :

^ac teguntur ljumo ^emicus JSctop i&id)atbu0que Somini f^enrici
tic Bolton et iiHaftelle uiorts sue minoreg natu libert quorum alter
ufa fcie fcece00tt fHartii alter ixfou'i Jlulu anno Domini fH

The canopy-work which surrounds the figures is enriched with
fleurs-de-lys in a very conspicuous manner ; and it is note-
worthy that the same emblem appears as a badge on the seal
of John, Lord Scrope, who died in 1498. A more modern tablet
in the south aisle ''is inscribed to Peter Goldsmith, M.D., of
Leyburn, who was surgeon in the Victory, and attended Lord
Nelson in his last moments. He was buried at Wensley in
1836. At the north-east angle of the churchyard is a curious

Holy Trinity, Wensley. 175

erection, supposed to be the remains of a "praying cross" ;
and some fifteen paces south of the south porch a flat stone
remains, with a socket hole in it, such as may at one time have
supported a churchyard cross. The burial ground also contains
the mortal remains of Thomas Maude, the historian of Wensley-
dale, a work published at York in 1771, for the benefit of the
Leeds General Infirmary. He died 23 December, 1798, in his
8ist year.

The font bears the date I662, 1 with the initials of George
Scott, rector, and those of the churchwardens, I P and C L,
and the curious motto, CHURCH MASTERS LOOKE TO YOUR
CHARGEIS. It is figured in Bond's Fonts and Font-covers, 1908,
p. 266. There is also preserved in the belfry an alabaster basin,
which once did duty as a font. It was formerly upon a stalk of
the same material, and was apparently an example of the chalice
type of font.

Hanging in the nave, the colours of the " Loyal Dales'
Volunteers" display the royal arms of George III, with those of
the Scropes and Powletts, and the motto AYMES LOYAULTE. This
was presented by Jean Mary Powlett, wife of Thomas Orde, first
Lord Bolton of the present creation ; and commemorates a body
of Volunteers which was raised, mainly through her influence, at
the time of Napoleon's wars.

Above the suppliant chieftains wave
The banners of departed brave ;
Beneath the lettered stones are laid
The ashes of their fathers dead !

The communion plate includes a pair of flagons, one of which
is gilt, a chalice, and paten, with foot. All are very fine
vessels, and bear the London Hall marks, with the date letter
for the year 1678, and the maker's initials O.S. These initials
are noted as occurring upon a cup at Nunnington, Yorks.,
of 1671, and elsewhere ; but his name is unknown. The
following inscription is engraved upon the various vessels :

!Ex tiono fjonoratrtme femhtae Bommae fEarfae JEat

The Marchioness of Winchester was the eldest daughter of
Emanuel, the last Lord Scrope, of Bolton, who was created
Earl of Sunderland, and died 30 May, 1630. By her marriage
with Charles Powlett, Marquess of Winchester, and afterwards

i For remarks upon fonts of this date, see Burneston, p. 10.

176 Richmondshire Churches.

Duke of Bolton, she became the ancestress of the present
noble family of Bolton Hall.

The parish registers of Wensley must surely be amongst
the oldest and best preserved in the country. They commence
for all classes of entries in the year 1538, are neatly written
on parchment leaves, and are complete, and in faultless con-
dition. Under 1563, the following entry occurs : " The reason
as some thinke that nothinge is found written in this register
in the yeare 1563, because that in that yeare the visitation or
plague was most hote and fearefull, soe that many fled and
the town of Wensley by reason of the sickness was unfrequented
for a long season ; as I find by one olde writeing dated 1569.
per me Jo. Tayler."

The church is dedicated to the Holy Trinity ; and Wensley
fair was formerly held upon the patronal festival. James de
Wandesley had licence to hold a market at Wandesley on
Wednesdays, and a fair of three days, on the eve, day and
morrow of the Holy Trinity in each year, 20 February, 35
Edward I (1306-7). l

At the dissolution of the chantries in 1548, there were two
such foundations in this parish. One was at Redmire, distant
four miles from the church, the necessity for its preservation
being " to saye masse and other dyvyne servyce in the sayde
chapell to the inhabytantes thyther resortynge, and in tyme
of nede to mynister sacraments, the parysshe lyeing wyde and
large." The other chantry was within the parish church, and
was of the foundation of Richard, Lord Scrope, who gave
the manor of Brompton-on-Swale to the late monastery of St.
Agatha, to the intent that the abbot should yearly pay to a
chantry priest io6s. 8^., to pray for the soul of the founder
and all Christian souls, as appeared by composition, dated
2 September, I398. 2

The founder of this chantry had a more ambitious intention
in view, which he did not live to carry out. In the last year
of Richard II's unhappy reign, he had licence to alienate in
mortmain a rent of 150 yearly from divers manors and lands
(named) to the abbot of Easby, to the intent that the latter,
being in full possession, should release it to the said Richard
Scrope, who himself proposes to erect the parish church of the
Holy Trinity, Wenslawe, which is within his own patronage,

1 Gale's Honor of Richmond, Appen., page 147.
' 2 Yorkshire Chantry Surveys.

To face page 176


Holy Trinity, Wensley. 177

into a College for secular canons, consisting of a Master or
Warden, and as many fellow-chaplains and servants as the said
Richard shall think expedient. The society should be empowered
to plead and implead, and to have a common seal. The founder
was to grant to the canons the advowson of Wensley Church, with
its chapels annexed, together with an acre of land at Wensley,
for the perpetual habitation of as many poor persons as he should
ordain. Also to find a chaplain to celebrate divine service daily in
the ch.apel of St. Anne in Bolton Castle, and another to perform
the like service in the chapel of St. Oswald, in the town of
Bolton. All this shall be done by the king's special licence, and
notwithstanding the Statutes of Mortmain. At Westminster,
18 March, I398-9- 1 Richard II resigned the crown on 29 Sep-
tember following the date of this licence 2 ; but the contemplated
Collegiate church of Wensley was not immediately abandoned
in consequence ; for, on 20 December, 1399, Henry IV gave
leave that the licence which had been made by the late king,
but not executed, should stand good. 3 The Scropes, however,
were under a cloud at this period, and espoused the losing side
in the new turn which the affairs of the nation had taken.
Two years before the ill-fated insurrection of Archbishop Scrope
terminated in the beheading of that prelate, 8 June, 1405,
Richard, Lord Scrope, was himself gathered to his fathers ;
and the " College of the Holy Trinity, Wenslawe," was thus
never more than a design.

Sir Richard Scrope, with whom this intention originated,
was, perhaps, the greatest of his illustrious house, and was the
first to whom the title of Lord Scrope of Bolton is correctly
applied. During the most brilliant period of our annals, from
the conflict at Crecy and for the next forty years, there
was scarcely a battle of note at which he did not distinguish
himself. Born about 1326, he was M.P. for Yorkshire in 1364,
summoned as a baron 1370, Chancellor of England 1378-9,
and in the last-named year had leave to castellate his manor-
house of Bolton. He died 30 May, 1403, full of honour, and
leaving a blessed memory, which, sprung unscathed from the
temptations of such offices as that of Treasurer and Chancellor.
He was buried at the abbey of St. Agatha, Easby.

The advowson of the church has belonged to the family of Scrope
and to their successors in title, since the close of the Thirteenth

i Cal. Pat, Rolls, 22 Ric. II. 3 Rot. Par!., iii, 4'6-

s Cal. Pat. Rolls, I Hen. IV.

178 Richmondshire Churches.

century. On 8 August, 1346, there is an order to deliver to Cecily,
late wife of William Lescrop, tenant-in-chief, the advowson of Wen-
deslawe Church, extended at 10 yearly, which the king has
assigned to her to hold in dower, of the advowsons wnich be-
longed to her late husband. 1

The rectors of the church have been as follows :

Before 1181 GEOFFREY DE WELL, who had been presented to a
mediety of the church of Wandesley by Weimar, son of
Warin, and instituted by Archbishop Roger (11541181),
was still rector in 1206, when Osbert son of Nigel son of
Alexander brought an action against him for the mediety
of the rectory. (Curia Regis., Michaelmas, 4 John, rot. 6.)

c. 1207 RALPH DE STOKES, "now parson of the church of Wen-
desley," witnesses a grant by Osbert son of Nigel, with
Roger, his son and heir, to Geoffrey Undel, clerk, of a
messuage in Wensley. He had also the church of Wood-
ford, co. Northampton, in 4 John, and in the following
year was presented to the church of Alrewas, in Stafford-
shire. He was one of the king's justiciars, fines being
levied before him both at Westminster and on circuit.
In 1206 he seems to have got into disgrace, as he was
fined one palfrey for tampering with a jury in Yorkshire.
He occurs as justice itinerant in Yorkshire between 19
and 28 February, 1203-4 ; and again between 25 July
and 23 September, 1206 ; and he probably died in the
reign of King John. (Bolton MSS.; Foss' Judges : Rot.
Pat., 5 John ; Yorkshire Fines, p. xxii.)

1285 HUGH DE WALCOTE, presented by Roger de Ingoldeby, was
rector of the church of Wendesle, 4 July, 1285, when
he was present at the division of the wood of Wendesle
between Sir Roger, son of Roger de Ingoldeby, and
Nicholas son of Thomas de Hulveshaw. Hugh de Wai-
cote, parson of the church of Wendeslye, had the
king's protection, 12 March, 1297, until All Saints
next to come, he having granted a fifth of his
benefice and goods this year, according to the last
taxation, to resist the machinations and invasions
of enemies who, landing in some parts of the realm,
have burned churches and carried off sacred vessels
and ornaments, and barbarously murdered certain

1 Cat. Close Rolls, 20 Edw. III.

Holy Trinity, Wensley. 179

ecclesiastics. On i May, in tne same year (1297),
an order is addressed to John de Lythegrenis, relating
to the wool of Hugh de Walcote, parson of the church qf
Wendesle, which was carried to York. On 18 November,
1296, Simon, son of the late Robert, vicar 1 of the church
of Wendesle, released to Thomas de Swynigthuayt all
claim in a plot of land in Wensley. (Bolton MSB.; Cal.
Pat. Rolls, 25 Edw. I ; Cal. Close Rolls, 25 Edw. I.)

1329 ROBERT LUTEREL, rector of the church of Wendeslagh, and
Sir John, his chaplain, witnessed a grant by John de
Wendeslagh to Sir Thomas de Synythwait of a capital
messuage in Wendeslagh, 30 April, 1329. (Bolton MSS.)

1352 ALEXANDER DE ANGRE, rector of Wyndeslye, in the diocese
of York, had a dispensation from Pope Clement VI
to hold an additional benefice, with cure of souls, 12 Kal.
April (21 March), 1352. And on 12 Kal. May (20 April)
in the same year he had indult to choose confessors,
in common form. (Cal. Pap. Letters, 10 Clement VI.)

c. 1360 NICHOLAS DE CREKESHAW. The rectory is stated
to have been vacant by his decease when the succeed-
ing incumbent was instituted. (Torre's MS.)

1361 SIMON DE WENSLEY. Doubtless a member of the ancient
family of Wenslagh, or Wensley, which was of influence
and consideration in Yorkshire in the Thirteenth cen-
tury. Nicholas de \Vendesley held the fee of Wensley
at the date of Kirkby's Inquest, 1287. On 14 September,
1352, Simon de Wenslawe, clerk, acted in a fine and
recovery of the manor of Walburn. Presented by Sir
Richard Scrope, he was instituted to this rectory
29 September, 1361. In the same year, and again
in 1369, Henry de Bellerby and Alice his wife put
Simon, parson of Wenslaw, and others, in trust of the
manor of Walburn. On 20 November, 1382, the king
gave leave to Simon de Wyndisselawe, parson of
Wyndisselawe, and others, to alienate an acre of land
in Naburn, with the advowson of the church of St.
George, in Fishergate, York, to the prioress and convent
of Nunmonkton. And his name occurs again in 1386,
when he appeared at York as a witness in the Scrope

Ut was not uncommon in the Thir- vicariously. Thus there might be both a
teenth century for a rector to have a vicar, rector and a vicar. The case occurred
who did the duty in his stead i.e. also at Kirldmgton in 1231.

180 Richmondshire Churches.

and Grosvenor controversy (see page 173). He died
in 1394, aged about 70. His fine memorial brass in
the church has been already described. (Archceological
Journal, xvih, 238-44 ; Torre's MS.; Cal. Pat. Rolls,
6 Richard II.)

1395 JOHN TIBBAY, instituted 4 April, 1395, on the presenta-
tion of Sir Richard Scrope. He was a witness, 6 Janu-
ary, 1405, to the will of Stephen le Scrope ; was
prebendary of the stall of S. Muskham at Southwell ;
and admitted to the. stall of Botevant at York Minster
24 January, 1407, the king presenting him. On
18 October, 1409, the Bishop of Durham collated him to the
mastership of Greatham Hospital ; and he was insti-
tuted to the prebend of Clifton in Lincoln Cathedral,
20 May, 1410. In the autumn of the same year he
resigned his stall at Southwell, but notwithstanding
his many other preferments, he obtained licence from
Pope John to hold with the rectory of Wenslawe for life
one other benefice, with cure of souls, or otherwise incom-
patible, "even if a parish church or a perpetual vicarage,
or a dignity or office, with or without cure, in a metropoli-
tan cathedral or collegiate church," and to resign
them for exchange or otherwise. Dated at St. Peter's,
Rome, on the ides of September, 1411. And he was
appointed rector of Bedale on the death of John de Hermes-
thorpe in 1412. He was Chancellor of Joan, queen of
Henry IV, and was made Archdeacon of Huntingdon,
24 March, 1413-4, when he gave up his prebend of Clifton.
His end was a melancholy one, and Stowe shall describe
it. " On Mary Magdalene's Day (22 July, 1414) in London,
John Nicandser, esquire, with nine of his men, set upon and
slew John Tibbay, clerk, Archdeacon of Huntingdon,
and Chancellor to Queen Joan. He and four of his
men fled to St. Anne's Church, within Aldersgate,
where they were mured up with boord, and watched
day and night until 21 August, on the which day they
forsware the land, and passed through the cittie
toward Calice [Calais] in their shirts and breaches,
each of them having a crosse in his hand, and a
purse about his neck." Hereby, says Dr. Raine,
must hang a tale. John Nicandser was the second
husband of Margaret, widow of Roger, Lord Scrope

Holy Trinity, Wensley. 181

of Bolton. Tibbay's connection with the Scropes
was a close one, and he had been executor to the will
of Sir Richard Scrope in 1403. There must have been
some family quarrel. This unfortunate rector of Wensley
was slain in London 22 July, 1414, and was buried in
the chapel of St. Mary, within the monastery of the
Grey friars. Raine says that his will is in existence.
(Earl. MSS., 6978, 13^ ; Coll. Topog., v, 282 ; Test.
Ebor., iii, 40^.; Col. Pap. Lett., 2 John XXIII.)
I 4 I 5 JOHN ALWENT, clerk, is mentioned in 1404, and at various
other dates, in relation to lands and tenements at Black-
well. He was "rector of the church of Stayndrop "
on 6 June, 1407, when he was put, with others, in
trust of certain lands in the vills and parishes of
Bowes, Lartington, and Barningham, late the property
of Thomas Wodcok, of Bowes. He is traditionally
said to have built the bridge over the Ure at Wensley.
Ther is a Great Bridge of stone, says Leland, made
many Yere sins by a good Parson of Wencelaw,
caullid Alwine. Richard le Scrope, by his will,
dated 2 August, 1400, left 40, which was a good
large sum, for the repair of the bridge at Wensley
ad emendacionem pontis de Wenslaw which implies
that there was a bridge of some sort at an earlier
date. It may quite possibly have been built anew
in Rector Alwent's time, as the result of this bequest.
The structure was widened and repaired in 1818.
John Alwent styles himself rector of the parish church
of Wendeslay in Letters of Attorney, which he
granted 28 September, 1429, authorising certain persons
to deliver to Joan, Countess of Westmorland, and
Richard de Neville, Earl of Salisbury, seisin of lands
in Moor Monkton and the advowson of the church of
that place. He died 16 September, 1430. (Cat. Anc.
Deeds, i, B 435, and ii, B 2615 ; Itinerary ; Test. Ebor., ii,

1430 PETER FRYSTON, instituted 22 September, 1430, on the

presentation of the guardians of Henry le Scrope.

Resigned 1432. (Torre's MS.)
1432 THOMAS SCARCEBY, presented by the guardians of Henry

le Scrope, and instituted 20 September, 1432. Died

1437. (Torre's MS.)

182 Richmondshirc Churches.

1437 ROBERT STELE, presented also by the guardians of
Henry le Scrope, who came of age a few months
later, and instituted 4 November, 1437. (Torre's MS.)

1447 RICHARD SCROPE, younger son of Richard, third Lord
Scrope of Bolton, admitted rector of Wensley 30 April,
I447, 1 and held many other important offices. He was
rector also of Fen Dinton, co. Cambs., Dean of
Hastings, Master of King's Hall, Cambs., and Chan-
cellor of that University in 1461. Elected Bishop
of Carlisle 5 June, 1464. Died 10 May, 1468,
aged 49 ; buried at Carlisle Cathedral. Will, dated
9 May, proved 31 July, 1468. (Test. Ebor., iii, 169 ;
Foster's North Riding Pedigrees ; Clay's Edition,

1468 RICHARD CLEDEROW, instituted 29 May, 1468,' on the
presentation of John, Lord Scrope of Bolton, the rectory
being vacant by the death of Mr. Richard Scrope. Died
the same year.

1469 JOHN CLEDEROW, presented also by John, Lord Scrope,
on the death of Dom Ric. Cliderowe, and instituted
22 January, 1468-9.' The mandate for induction is
addressed to John Parkinson, chaplain of the parish
of Wensley. A blue marble stone in the centre of the nave
bore a circumambient inscription, of which the following
is said to be a copy ; but it has been much worn by passing
feet, and a considerable portion of the legend is now
indecipherable :

3^ic jaret Ktrijartws (Clrfccroto ft Jofjannrs lct)cniljo.
fratm, quonliam Electores f)uju<3 ISrclrstaf (&u0rum antmabus
proptctetur UEUS. 2ltnen.

1524 HENRY RICHARDSON is named as rector of Wensley when
Archdeacon Dalby made his return to Cardinal Wolsey
in 1525 ; and was still so when the Valor Ecclesiasticus
was compiled, 1535. The value of the benefice is
stated at 51 145. 8^., and there was an annual pension
payable to St. Martin's Priory, Richmond. The

1 The authority for the dates of the " In looking over my abstract of the last

admission of Richard Scrope and of the register of the archdeacons of Richmond,

institutions of the two Clederows is a I find the following names, which you

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 19 21 22 23 24

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