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built some two generations earlier.

2 Parapets at this period, whether of towers or aisle-wails,
were generally embattled; but the aisle at Hornby, the aisles
and clerestory at Catterick, and the tower of Burneston all have
plain moulded parapets, and of similar section.

3 Richard's three-light window at Hornby (now blocked up)
is similar in the arrangement of its tracery to the tower window at
Burneston.

4 The peculiarity of inserting a block of limestone in a sand-
stone wall, where carved enrichment was designed, occurs upon the
western buttresses at Burneston in the heads of the niches, already
alluded to ; and the same method has been employed in the case of
the sculptured armorial shields upon the porch of Catterick.

The possibility of identifying the craftsmanship of one man in
the buildings of the same age and locality is greater than might
be generally supposed ; and in illustration of this remark it may
be observed that two windows, of two different designs, in the south
chapel of Well Church (c. 1330), are the exact counterpart of the
aisle and chancel windows at Kirklington so much so as to leave
no doubt whatever that all were the work of the same master mason.
If the chancel were built by the Abbey of St. Mary, and the tower
be regarded as the work of the great families whose armorials are
carved upon its supporting buttresses, it seems probable that the
body of the church represents the offering of the parishioners,
aided by such assistance as they could obtain. From the evidence
of the structure itself we may draw the inference that it was built
in sections, and that its erection was spread over a considerable
period- roughly from about 1450 to about 1550. The arcades
are specially clumsy, and although of similar form it does not
follow that they were both constructed at the same time. The
details of the south aisle are better and of earlier character than



Saint Lambert, Burneston. 7

those of the north aisle ; and the clerestory is a still later addition.
This part of the fabric does not present many features of archi-
tectural interest. The arcades on either side are of four bays,
with full-centred pointed arches, resting upon octagonal columns
with moulded capitals. In the south aisle wall are three windows,
each of three lights, with cinquefoiled heads, but no tracery ; the
centre light is taller than those on either side of it. These windows
have hollow jambs and arches, surmounted by hood-moulds, with
plain returns. The wall carries an embattled parapet, and the
buttresses are capped by crocketed pinnacles. The south porch
occupies the second bay from the west, and has a much-restored
moulded arch, embattled parapets, and diagonal buttresses at its
southern angles, carrying crocketed pinnacles. The doorway
to the church is a full-centred pointed arch, with two hollows con-
tinuous, and a hood-mould.

The north aisle wall has also three windows of similar form to,
but smaller dimensions than, those of the south aisle, and having
trefoiled instead of cinquefoiled heads. The parapet is also of
plainer character than that on the south, and the pinnacles are of
very late date. A north door, with low segmental arch, occurs
in the second bay from the west. The east windows of both aisles
are somewhat poor copies of the chancel windows, and those at the
western end of the aisles are of two lights only. The clerestory does
not call for remark, except to say that the lights of the windows
are semi-circular-headed and uncusped. It is an addition of the
sixteenth century.

The roofs are all modern, dating only from the restoration of the
church in 1853, but are very effective in character the woodwork
of that of the chancel is, perhaps, rather too heavy for the span. It
is, however, much to be commended that the original low pitch
of the roofs which is proper to the " Perpendicular" period, has been
retained. Few things in the nineteenth century restorations are
more regrettable than the craze for raising the angle of the roofs to
a pitch which is not only inconsistent with the character of the
buildings they cover, but has the effect also of robbing the towers
of their due value. The neighbouring churches of Kirklington,
Catterick, Tan field, and Patrick Brompton may be mentioned as
illustrations of this folly.

The church of Burneston . is also exceptionally fortunate in
having retained much of its ancient furniture. The woodwork
of the nave was provided in 1627, as the result of a bequest by



8 Richmondshire Churches.

Thomas Robinson, of Allerthorpe, who died without issue 1 in 1625,
and is of considerable interest. The pews are of oak, and
have angle-posts with round knobs, the ornament of the top
rails and panels consisting of circles and semi-circles, containing
rosettes and Catherine-wheels, and connected by short bars.
This pattern is of frequent occurrence in the reign of Queen
Elizabeth, and after. It exists upon some fragments of oak
panelling in the churches of Ainderby Steeple and Danby
Wiske, and occurs also in stone in the fireplace of the Great
Hall of Lumley Castle, and in the altar tomb of Bernard
Gilpin at Houghton-le-Spring, 1583. The inscription, ROBERT
CLAPHAM, ANNO DOM 1627, is in raised letters in the southern
block of seats in the nave ; and the date 1627, followed by
the initials C. C., occupies a similar position in the north
aisle. The doors have been removed from the pews, with the
exception of those to the squire's pew. This latter is situated in
the north aisle, towards the eastern end, and consists of three tiers,
the highest one being against the wall. The pew is surmounted
by a handsome erection in the form of a carved frame with coat-of-
arms above, enclosing a wooden tablet, with the following inscrip-
tion : " Thomas Robinson of Allathorpe Esq. did by his Last
Will Giue fifty pounds to this Church which was bestowed and dis-
posed of in the seats, paveing and beautifying there of in the year
of our Lord God 1627." The arms are those of Thomas Robinson,
namely, Sable, a chevron ermine between three stags standing
at gaze, or. Crest, a horse's head issuing from a mural crown.
A curious allusion to the family pew is made in the Statutes
of the Free-School and Almshouses founded at Burneston
by the Rev. Matthew Robinson, vicar of the church, in 1680.
The alms-people are enjoined ever to show a signal reverence
to the family of Harrison of Allerthorpe, and to express it
by seeing their pew or seat in the church swept clean by
themselves in turns, and strawed with sweet-smelling flowers
and herbs in their season.

Allerthorpe was a very ancient possession of the Lascelles
of Sowerby, for John de LasceUes paid for the relief of three
charues of land which he held in Arlathorp in 12 Edw. II
(1318-19). 2 The pedigree of this branch of the family, which

iDugdale says 'unmarried,' but that Burneston 16 June, 1625. This was
eems to be a mistake. Mrs. Margaret probably the wife of Thomas, who made a
ion, of Allerthorpe, was buried at new will on the 14^ of the same month.
2 f iale's Hon. Richm. , p. 73.




[G. W. Thornton, phot.

BURNESTON CHURCH THE ALLERTHORPE PEW, 1627.



Saint Lambert, Burneston.



9



fell into poverty and obscurity in the seventeenth century,
is given under Kirkby Wiske at page 71. The manor of
Allerthorpe, with lands and messuages there and at Burneston,
was purchased of Thomas Lascelles in 1590, [ by William
Robinson, alderman, and twice Lord Mayor of York, M.P.
for the city in 1581 and 1588, who was buried at St. Crux
2 August, 1616. His second son, William, also Lord Mayor
of York in 1619, and who died 1626, is ancestor of the Robin-
sons of Newby, afterwards Earls and Marquesses of Ripon.
The elder son, Thomas Robinson, of Allerthorpe, died without
issue at the age of fifty-seven, leaving 50 for beautifying the
fabric of Burneston Church. His will is dated 14 June, and
was proved at York 4 November, 1625. Frances Robinson,
sister of the last-mentioned, married Robert Harrison, alderman
of York, and was buried at St. Martin's, Micklegate, 16 March,
1630-1. Her will is proved 20 October following. 2 In his
Visitation of 1665, Dugdale supplies us with the following
pedigree, which we have amplified to some extent :

THOMAS HARRISON, Lord Mayor of York=JoAN,



1575 and 1592; bur. 13 Jan., 1604-5,
at St. Martin's, Micklegate



. 1595



(i) THOMAS, a quo (3) ROBERT HARRISON, = FRANCES, dau. of (2) JOHN, a quo



Harrison,
of Cay ton

A



Lord Mayor in 1607 ;
bur. 2 June, 1616



William Robinson,
of Allerthorpe ; bur.
14 March, 1630-1



Harrison,
of Acaster

A



SIR THOMAS HARRISON, of=MARGARKT, dau. of ROBERT HARRISON,
Allerthorpe : knighted at | Conyers, Lord D'Arcy of Wyke,



York 1640 ; High Sheriff
1656-7 ; bur. St. Saviour's.
York, 13 April, 1664



and Conyers ; bur. at
Burneston, 1668. M.I.



co. York



THOMAS HARRISON, of=MARY, dau. of Sir ELIZAB., dau. of = HENRY HARRISON.



Allerthorpe; bapt. 31
July, 1627 ; d. 29 Dec.,
1687 ; bur. at Burnes-
ton. M.I.


Wm. Roberts, of
Willesden ; d. 25
June, 1679 ; bur.
at Burneston


D'Arcy Conyers,
of Holtby ; mar.
24 Sept., 1656

/


of Holtby ; bur. at
Hornby 9 March,
1668

k



I I I 1 I I

THOMAS, WILLIAM, ROBERT, EDWARD, ELEANOR, Rev. GEO. GRAY, = SARAH.

of Cop- b. 1652 b. 1653 b. 1664 d. unmar. Vicar of Bur- mar.i69i;

grove; 1668 neston ; d. July,

b. 1650 d. 1711 1692

A brass on the floor of the chancel commemorates Eleanor
Harrison, "wedded to Heaven" in 1668, in her sixteenth year.

1 Feet of Fines, iii, 142. ' 2 Clay's edition of Dugdale's Visitation, ii, 362.



10 Richmondshire Churches.

The inscription is :

Ellianora Thomae Harrison de Ellerthorpe Armig'
et Mariae Vxoris delectae filia primogenita postquam
moribus piis et exemplari modes/id parentes
beaverat. Anno virginatatis suae 16 coelestes
nuptias consum'avit Anno D'ni 1668.

Another brass has the following inscription :

Mattheus Robinson A.M. Per 40 annos Pastor
ffidus Dotibus Gratiae Naturae ffortunaeque
clarus Sacra Theologia Medicinaque insignis
Charitatis Monumenta alibi posuit Hie corporis
Exuvias deposuit. Anno aetatis 66 Annoque
Domini 95.

An heraldic shield engraved on the brass exhibits arms which
are similar to those of Robinson of Allerthorpe, namely : On
a chevron between three stags standing at gaze, as many
trefoils slipped, impaling ermine, a lion rampant crowned,
for PICKERING of Ackworth. Below the shield, an hour-glass
and book and a seated cherub appear.

The font has the date 1662 carved upon it, which was the year of
the Act of Uniformity, by which no one might hold a living who had
not previously read the service from the newly-revised book of
Common Prayer, and declared his "unfeigned assent and consent
to everything therein." The pudding basins which had done duty
during the Commonwealth, were now banished from the churches,
and either the old fonts, which had been thrown out, brought back,
or new ones erected. The writer recollects to have seen in
his youth several dissenting places of worship of the older
school Ebenezers, Little Bethels, and so forth with the date
1689 over the door. That was the year of the Act of Tolera-
tion. These things are interesting, because they afford material
landmarks in the history of our Church. There is quite a large
number of fonts with the date 1662 in all parts of the country ;
other examples in this district are found at Wensley and at
Ainderby Steeple.

The tower contains six bells, three of which are modern, bearing
the name of the founders, John Warner & Son, London, with
the date 1874 ; and a fourth recast at the same time. Another
bell has the inscription : JESVS BE OVR SPED 1621. But the
greatest interest attaches to the fifth bell, which is certainly



Saint Lambert, Burneston. 11

of pre-Reformation date, and is probably coeval with the
tower. It has an inscription in Gothic capitals around the
shoulder, with an ornamental band above :

& S LAMBERTVS BELFORTH LAMBERTE
SALVENTVR SPONSA QVE PERTE

The initial Sanctus Lambertus is the name of the bell ; and the
rest of the legend may be translated : Oh Lambert ! may Belforth
and his wife be saved through thee.

The Communion vessels comprise a paten with the London
marks, and inscribed : Ex dono Mat : Robinson A M Vic de Bur-
neston 1677 ; two cups and a flagon with the London marks, and
the date letter for 1854 ; and a modern paten, 1903. There were,
until sixty years ago, two other silver chalices, which have
now disappeared. They bore the inscriptions : Trorypiov r>/9
eiAo'yia? o euXoyov/mev (the cup of blessing which we
bless) ; and, Ex dono Janae Robinson, viduae in usum Eccles a:
de Burnston (the gift of Jane Robinson, widow, for the use of the
church of Burneston). In addition to these vessels there are two
very fine pewter flagons and an alms-dish of the same metal, appar-
ently the work of a London pewterer, whose initials were I.E.
On the flagons are engraved the arms of Thomas Harrison, of Aller-
thorpe, Azure three demi-lions rampant erased or, impaling those
of his wife, Mary, daughter of Sir William Roberts, of Willesden,
Bart., whom he married at Willesden, 27 June, 1649, namely,
Azure three pheons sable, on a chief of the last, a greyhound passant
of the first, collared gules.

The parish registers commence in the year 1566, and are in good
condition, and apparently complete since that date.

At Leeming, which was within the parish, a chantry chapel,
dedicated to Saint John the Baptist, was founded by John Heslerton,
clerk, by composition dated 6 July, 1332. It is explained that
the situation is remote from any church, and on the high road to
Scotland ; and the chapel was specially intended for the benefit
of travellers. John Heslerton gave certain lands to the monastery
of Jervaulx to the intent that the abbot should pay eight shillings
yearly to an incumbent who should say mass, and do other divine
service in the chapel, and pray for the soul of the founder and all
Christian souls. Walter Bateman was chaplain in 1424, and
John Wenslaw in 1428 and 1436, at which latter date he was
defendant in a civil action. 1 At the period of the dissolution

1 De Banco Roll 700, 14 Hen. VI, m. 179^.



12 Richmondshire Churches.

of the chantries in 1548, it was reported that this is within the
parish of Burneston, but ' distaunte frome the Churche i] miles.
On this ground it was considered as meet to be continued, and that
it should be served by John Kaye at a yearly wage of 655. 4**.

There was also a chapel, dedicated to St. Botolph, at Aller-
thorpe. Robert Lascelles, who was lord of the manors of Brecken-
borough, Allerthorpe and Newsum, by his will, dated 20 February,
1507-8, makes the following bequest:-"! giff myne old chales
[chalice] to ye chapell of Sant Butulphe at Arlerthorp, and ther it
to remane for ever, and to be kepyde be ye tennandes of ye place
for ye tyme beyng." 3

Memorandum. That there is in the paryshe of Burneston one
guylde called Our Ladye Guylde, for the mayntening of the whiche
there is one tenement with an Oxgang of lande and appurtenances
lyeng in the paryshe of Murton, now in the holdyng of Robert Harper,
of the yerely value of xiijs. iiijd.

In the taxation of Pope Nicholas, 1292, St. Mary's Abbey was
taxed upon 40 in respect of the rectory of Burneston, in the deanery
of Catterick, and the vicar of the same upon 26 135. 4^. A
vicarage was evidently ordained at an early period. Our list of
the incumbents is doubtless far from complete, but such as have
come to our notice are :

1254 ROBERT DE HERTEBURN had indult from Pope Innocent IV
to hold one benefice with cure of souls, besides the church
of Briniston in diocese of York, and in resigning one to
accept another, 2 ides February, 1254. The vicar of
Brynnyston, in Richmondshire, was in the same year
adjudged to conform to a new scale of mortuary dues,
then established. 4 (Cal. Pap. Letters, i, 296 ; Gale's
Hon. Richm., p. 105.)

1 It is a singular circumstance that the Contentions having arisen between the

sixteenth century writers seem to have parishioners of Romaldkirk and their

had no accurate conception of distances, rector respecting mortuary dues, the mat-

and that they almost always err on the ter was appealed to Pope Innocent IV.

side of understating a distance. Even as By bull dated 13 kal. March, 1249, this

the crow flies it is more than three of pontiff appointed John, Dean of Arches,

our miles from Burneston Church to and Master Thomas de Waltham, canon

Leeming. Leland (1535) designates Hips- of St. Martin's-le-Grand, London, to

well as * a good mile from Richmond.' inquire into the matter. It is said that

It is in fact about two miles and a the custom of the country is to take only

quarter. the best beast of a deceased person for

3 York*. Chantry Swveys, p. 103. mortuary, yet the clergy of the arch-

3 Test. Ebor., iv, 271. deaconry of Richmond, in their greedi-

* DE I-ORTIONE DECEDENTIUM. This ness, take a second beast as well ; and a

lengthy Latin document, printed by Gale, proportion of all the personalty, as

is often quoted, and a short abstract of it follows : If there be a wife and children,

may be useful. one-ninth ; wife and no children, one-



'To fact page 12.



PLATE III.




Saint Lambert, Burneston. 13



1323 ROGER DE GILLYNG, vicar of the church of Bryniston, had
the royal licence, 18 January, 1323, to alienate in mort-
main to the abbot and convent of St. Mary, of York, two
messuages and eighteen acres of land in Routheclyf-
by-York (now Rawcliffe), which are of his own fee. (Col.
Pat. Rolls, 16 Edw. II, p. 234.)

1367 JOHN DANBY, vicar of Bryneston, gave to St. Mary's Abbey,
in 1367, one messuage and two oxgangs in Horneby
juxta Smithton, which he had of the feofrment of William
of Horneby. 1 He appears to be identical with John
Danby, parson of Catryk, in 1354.

1380 THOMAS REYNARD resigned the vicarage of Burneston in
this year, on being presented by John Marmion to the
rectory of Wath-by-Ripon, to which he was instituted
30 December, 1380. (Harl. MSS., 6978 ; Reg. Neville.)

1425 RICHARD DRAX, presented by the abbot of St. Mary. He
is styled perpetual vicar of the parish church of Bryniston
in diocese of York, in an indult from Pope Martin V,
allowing him to have a portable altar ; also that he may
celebrate mass, or cause the same to be celebrated, before
daybreak. Dated at the Holy Apostles, Rome, 3 non.
December, 1426. (Cal. Pap. Lett., vi, 533, 535.)

1438 ROGER ESYNGWALD, vicar of Burneston, in Richmondshire,
and Commissary General of the Court of York, died in
1438 ; and on 15 August in that year, John Bolton, alder-
man of York, and Mr. William Langton, clerk, notary
public administered his affairs. (Test. Ebor., ii, 90.)

sixth; neither wife nor children, one-third Bernyngham, Rokeby, Mortham, Kirke-

part. by Kavenswath, Gillyng, Forsett, Stayn-

An agreement was effected between wigez, Midelton, Melsamby, Danby,

Walter, Archbishop of York, William, Smythton, Couton, Caterich, Grynton,

Archdeacon of Richmond, and Thomas Marrig, Mersk, Langton, Kirkebyfletham,

son of Brian, rector of Bedale, as repre- Bedall, Scoton, Fyngall, Wathlous,

senting the clergy, and Peter of Savoy, Haukeswell, Tanfeld, Aykescarth, Wen-

Earl of Richmond, and the following desley, Spenythorn, Estwitton, Thornton-

representing the commonalty : Ralph son stiward, Kirtlyngton, Topclive, Pykall,

of Ralph, Alan son of Brian, Ralph son Maunfeld, and Aynderby. Further alter-

of Henry, Adam of Nareford, Adam of cations, however, arose on both sides,

Maunby, and William of Holtby. By this mainly about arrears. Also the rectors of

agreement the clergy were to take one Well and of Walh, who were not made

beast only, according to common custom, parties to the agreement, had voluntarily

and no part of the household utensils, nor renounced their former claim, and had

of gold and silver. Yet they should have accepted its terms. But the vicars of

a proportion, agreed upon, of all domestic Wyclive, Paterikbrompton, Brigenhale,

animals except poultry, and of corn and and Brynnyston would not consent, and

hay whether gathered or only sown. were now condemned to do so on com-

19 May, 1254. The rectors or vicars of pulsion. 17 July, 1254.
the following parishes were understood to
acquiesce in this settlement : Stratforth, **** An -> 1U > 534-



14 Richmondshtre Churches.

1524 THOMAS LOWELL. In the return made by Archdeacon
Dalby to Cardinal Wolsey, 24 January, 1524-5. it is
said that the executors of the will of the late Master
Thomas Lowell, vicar of Burnysheton, are in possession
of the benefice, which is valued at 26 6s. 2d. yearly.
(T. R. Miscell. Books, Hen. VIII.)

1534 GILBERT WYKES, presented by Henry VIII, is mentioned as
vicar in the Valor Ecclesiasticus (1535), the rectory being
appropriated to the monastery of the Blessed Virgin
Mary at York. The manse, with glebe- tithes, oblations,
and other fruits are worth 37 6s. 8d.; tithes, 3 145. 8^.
On 24 November, 1539, Gilbert Wykes, clerk, perpetual
vicar of the parish church of Burneston, in the archdeaconry
of Richmond and diocese of York, had licence to be non-
resident, notwithstanding the statute of 21 Hen. VIII.
(Letters and Papers, Hen. VIII.) He died 1542.

1542 THOMAS MAUNSELL, instituted 29 May, 1542, on the pre-
sentation of William Chapman, of Beamsley, pro hac
vice, by grant from William, late abbot of St. Mary's,
York, the vicarage being vacant by the death of Gilbert
Wykes, the last incumbent. He held the living until his
death in 1551 or 1552. (Yorks. Arch. Journal, xiv, 408 ;
Chester Dioc. Rec.)

1552 CHRISTOPHER BECKWITH, formerly chantry priest at Hornby,
presented by Matthew Oglethorpe and Richard Hedon,
who had the advowson by grant of William, abbot of St.
Mary's, dated i September, 30 Henry VIII (1538) ; and
instituted 20 June, 1552. Resigned 1582 (Yorks. Chan-
try Surveys ; Chester Dioc. Rec.)

1582 HENRY WADDINGTON, presented by Queen Elizabeth, and
instituted 27 May. (Chester Dioc. Rec.)

1592 RICHARD WILSON, also presented by the Crown, and instituted
20 May. Made his will 15 January, 1606 ; to be buried
in the parish church of Burneston. Leasehold farm in
Harlesey to nis brother, Robert Wilson, of Boston ; lease
of farm in Burneston to John Wilson, "my eldest brother's
son, he forgiving me a debt of 17. To Sir Richard
Theakston, knt., my good worshipful] frende, 40, if he
will present at my death, my nephew Christopher, son of
Robert Wilson. My brother, John Wilson. To Chris-
topher and John, sons of my brother Robert W., all my



Saint Lambert, Burneston. 15

bookes." Residue to brother Robert W., and he executor.
Friends Mr. Richarde Comyn and Mr. Roger Lassells
supervisors. Proved 7 February, 1606. Inventory 5
February. Summa totalis, cxxxvl. iijs. iii]d. (Yorks.
Arch. Journal, xiv, 409.)

1607 CHRISTOPHER BEST, instituted 30 April. (Chester Dioc. Rec.}

1622 JOHN WILSON, D.D. Of Christ's Church, Oxford, and Head-
master of Westminster School 16101622. Instituted
ist July, on the presentation of the king. He held also
the rectories of Bedale (1621), of Bulmer, near Malton,
and of St. Mary Castlegate, York. Canon of Westminster
(1623), Master of the Savoy and Dean of Ripon (1624).
Resigned this benefice in 1634, and died in the following
February; buried at St. Peter's, Nottingham. (Ibid.;
Mem. Ripon, ii, 261.)

1634 JOHN ROBINSON, son of John Robinson, of Newcastle. Matri-
culated Oriel College, Oxford, 20 June, 1625, set. 20 ;
B.A., 1628-9. Instituted 31 August, on the presentation
of William Robinson, of Rokeby. Vacant by the resigna-
tion of Dr. Wilson. (Chester Dioc. Rec.}

1651 MATTHEW ROBINSON, son of Thomas Robinson, of Rokeby,
near Barnard Castle, where he was baptized 14 December,
1628. Of St. John's College, Cambs., where he qualified
in medicine as well as in divinity. Resigned 1682. He
married 12 October, 1657, Jane, daughter of Mark
Pickering, of Ackworth, whose great-grandfather was
Archbishop Toby Matthew, but died without issue at
Ripley, 27 November, 1694, aged 66. His principal
works are Cassander Reformatus, and a Treatise of
Faith by a dying Divine. He gave some Communion
plate to Burneston in 1677, and founded the alms-
houses and free-school in the parish, 1680. (Cambridge
in the i?th Century, 1856 ; Ducatus Leodiensis, p. 212.)

1682 GEORGE GRAY, nephew of the last vicar. Of Trinity College,
Cambs.; B.A., 1671 ; M.A., 1675. Presented by the
Rev. Zachary Cawdrey, and instituted 16 September.
Died 12 June, 1711, aged 59. He married, first, Elizabeth,



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