Hargrave Jennings.

Phallicism, celestial and terrestrial, heathen and Christian, its connexion with the Rosicrucians and the Gnostics and its foundation in Buddhism, with an essay on mystic anatomy online

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Jennings, Hargrave, 18177-1890.
Phallicism, celestial and terrestrial heathei
and Christian, ils connexion with the Rosii

In two large volumes, demy ito, with Maps and Illustrations,
and a separate Chart of Faith Streams,





Showing the Evolution of Religious Thought from the Rudest
Symbolisms to the Latest Spiritual Developments.

By Majoe-Geneeal J. G. R. FORLONG, F.R.G.S., F.R.S.E., M.A.I.,
A.I.C.E., F.R.H.S., F.R;A.Socy., &c., &c.

Contents of Vol. I.— I. Introductory pages, 1-30 ; II. Tree Worship.
pp. 31-92; III. Serpent and Phallic Worship, pp. 93-322; IV.
Fire Worship, pp. 323-402; V. Sun Worship, pp. 403-53-1; VI.
Ancestor Worship, pp. 535-548.

Contents of Vol. II.— VII. Early Faiths of Western Asia, as in Kaldia
and Assyria, pp. 1-141 ; VIII. Faiths of Western Aborigines in Em-ope
and Adjacent Countries, pp. 142-448; IX. Faiths of Eastern Abori-
gines, Non- Aryan, Aryan, and Shemitic, pp. 4i9-622.

Appendices.— I. A Coloured Chart of all Faith Streams, 7^ x 2i
feet, folded or on roller; II. Map of the World, as known about
Second Century B.C., showing Early Races and Faiths; III. Sketch
Map of Ancient India, and from Baluchistan to Anam, showing Early
Tribes, their Sacred Places, &c. IV. Synoptical Table of Gods, God
Ideas, and many Features which all Faiths have more or less in common.
If on roller, this is 3 feet x 21 inches.

Two Volumes, demy 4to, 1270 pages, with Maps, Plates, and numerous
Illustrations, cloth; and large separate Chart in cloth case, £6 63.
Chart alone, £2.

"General Forloug has devoted many years and incurred very heavy cost
for the purpose of presenting to the world a work which no student of
Comparative Religion can afford to neglect. The author has allowed neither
time, distance nor cost to prevent him from visiting any spot where he thought
it possible to discover monumental data ; he has studied not only the written
sources of Indian mythology, but has done so by the light of the explanations



given by living native autliorities, aud of the yet existing ancient customs of
India. He has visited the most famous sanctuaries both of Europe and Asia,
studying alike the ruins of Jerusalem, of Delphi, of Parnassus, and of Rome.
The importance of ascertaining and recording tlie explanations which learned
Brahmans give of the symbols and mythological records of their early faith,
which no books contain, is great and obvious. The list of authorities not only
cited but read by the author contains some 800 volumes, including the latest
eflforts of the best-known scholars to pierce the obscurity which veils the
ancient faiths of Asia."— 5/. James's Gazette.

" This is the most comprehensive work that has yet appeared on Compara-
tive Religion. It is indispensable to the student, because it not only contains
all the subjects treated of by past writers, but that of more recent Oriental
scholars, and sheds over such knowledge the light of personal investigation.
The learned author has during a long course of years utilised with indefati-
gable diligence the singular facilities afforded him by his duties as an Engineer
under the Indian Government. Symbolism, often only studied by the aid of
pictures and books, he has studied on the spot, aud has collected an immense
mass of information not generally attainable, .... here all arranged
and classified with perfect clearness. From this encyelopredia .... he

shows the evolution of faiths No one interested in Comparative

Eeligion and ancient symbolism can afford to be without this viovV:'— Index

"Under the title of 'Rivers of Life,' a very remarkable book has just '
appeared. It is the work of General Forlong, who first went out to India
some forty years ago. He belongs to a service which has produced many able
men, some of whom, like Yule and Cunningham, stand high as authorities
on matters of Oriental archseology. From the size of General Forlong's
volumes, and the experience of the author, the work will no doubt form one of
the most important contributions on the Evolution of human Faiths which

has yet appeared The author shows aU through that he is not without

a strong religious feeling. He is to be congratulated on his courage in
bringing before the reading public such a mass of information on topics as yet
only known to a few. The author may prove right or wrong in the tracing of
words, but the value of the ideas which he traces out in most cases does not
depend in any way upon etymology for their significance."— (??a5^ow Eerald.

" This is a very important work, in two volumes of nearly 1300 pages,
treating exclusively of Tree, Serpent, Fire, Sun, and Ancestor worship, and
all the early faiths of the aboriginal races of Asia, Europe, and adjacent
countries, indeed, of all the world. It shows clearly all the movements, growth,
aud evolution of universal religious thought."— Ty^e American.



Surely it is more philosophical to take in the whole of life, in every
possible form, than to shut yourself up in one doctrine, which, while
you fondly dream you have created it, and that it is capable of self-
existence, is dependent for its very being on that human life from
which you have fled, and which you despise. This is the whole secret
of the Pagan doctrine, and the key to those profound views of life
which were evolved in their religion. This is the worship of Priapus,
of human life, in which nothing comes amiss or is to be staggered
at, however voluptuous or sensual, for all things are but varied mani-
festations of life; of life, ruddy, delicious, full of fruits, basking in
sunshine and plenty, dyed with the juice of grapes; of life in valleys
cooled by snowy peaks, amid vineyards and shady fountains, among
which, however, " Ssepe Faunorum voces exauditse, ssepe visse formse
Deorum." — J. H. Shorthouse, in " John Inglesant."

And those members of the body, which we think to be less honour-
able, upon these we bestow more abundant honour, &c. — i Corin-
thians xii. 3 .







11 A K (\ K A \ V ^] !■ N N 1 N(;s

AUTHOR OF "thk hosickucians," etc. etc.


G I O j; O h 1^ 1^ 1) W A \





Chaptee I. — Definitions and Distinctions leading up to the verities of

Phallicism , i

Chapter II. — The History of the Phallic " Sjmibol-Structures ;" their
Origin, Genealogy, and Variety through the succession of the his-
torico-religious ages ......... 5

Chapter III. -The Story of the Classes of the Phalli .... 23

Chapter IV. — Celestial or Theosophical Doctrine of the Unsexual Trans-
cendental Phallicism . . . . , . . . .41

Chapter V. — The Mysteries of the Phallus ; its idealised Gnostic, Rosi-

crucian or Christian rendering's


Chapter VI. — Rites and Ceremonies of the Indian Phallic Worship, and

its connexion with general religious meanings . . . • S^

Chapter VII. — Hebrew Phallicism 64

Chapter VIII. — The Rosicrucian and Gnostic Meanings of the Obch'sks,

Pyramids, and Phallic Monuments of the Peoples of Antiquity 70
Chapter IX. — The Phalli and Ophiological Priapic Monuments typical

of " The Fall" l-j

Chapter X. — Priapic Illustrations loi

Chapter XI. — Transcendental Ideas of the Rosicrucians; their Cabalistic

Philosophy as to the Occult interchange of Nature and of Magic . 115
Chapter XII. — Considerations on the Mystic Anatomy of the Rosi-
crucian Philosophers . . . . . . . . .125

Chapter XIII. — Rosicrucian Profundities ; 133

Chapter XIV. — The Gnostics and their Beliefs 142

Chapter XV. — The Indian Religions. Annotations on the Sacred

Writings of the Hindus i7y

Chapter XVI. — An Original Essay on Mystic Anatomy, and the Master

Passion, or " The Act" igo


The Worship of the Lingam (Phallus), or Male Principle, in India . . 239
Physiological Contests— The Pelasgi— The Round Towers of Ireland —

Adoration of the Vulva j , ,

Lingam Gods in Great Britain 2,0

viii Contents.


Phallic Worship among the Gauls 25^

Phallic Idolatry of the Jews 259

Gnostic Rites 26?

Symbol Worship 266

The Symbol of the Serpent 274

The Rationale of Generation— The Sacrifice of Virginity— Consecrated

Women — Bridal Devotions 278

The Religions Rites of Ancient Rome 2g2

Sacred Colours— Bells in Ancient Worship— The Cock as an Emblem . 287

1^^^=-^ 293

Notice.— A small series of engravings illustrative of the subject of the
present work is in preparation, under the superintendence of a gentleman
connected with the British Museum, and will be issued, with letterpress
descriptions, in a convenient form, for presentation to subscribers.

Those who may care for this supplement will please notify their wishes to
the publisher, in order that a copy may be forwarded, for which there is no
charge whatever ; but in no case will the illustrations be supplied through
agents, or otherwise than on direct application to The Fcblisheb.


All these original fiicts and theories, as applicable
to general religion, were first brought forward by the
author in a work entitled, " The Indian Religions ; or.
Results of the Mysterious Buddhism," published in the
early part of the year 1858. Subsequently to the ap-
pearance of that book several other writers, impressed by
its importance, hitherto unsuspected, took up and enlarged
upon the details referring to this subject, without, how-
ever, touching, or seeming to be even aware of, the spirit
and inner meaning of the matters which they so confi-
dently and ignorantly handled, with, however, all the
innocent good faith in the world. This exploration into
the modern day refers to the recurrence of the introduction
into history of the " Phallic Theory," as supplying
the necessarily mystic groundwork of all religion —
nay, furnishing altogether tha reasons for religion. Con-
spicuous among these writers, subsequent in time to the
production of the work above referred to, is Dr. Thomas
Inman, of Liverpool, a writer of singular ingenuity, but
astray in his general disbelieving conclusions, his par-
ticulars being correct, while his results are arrived at
erroneously, though in full sincerity, which is deeply to
be regretted, considering the display of so much inde-
fatigable research and the expenditure of so much valu-
able labour. Dr. Inman is the author of two ponderous,
very learned volumes, entitled, *' Ancient Faiths


^ Introduction.

EMBODIED IN Ancient Names." To a Certain extent
there is a similarity in this valuable work to that of
Godfrey Higgins, which displayed wonderful penetration
and power of analysis, and indomitable philosophical in-
sight, enthusiasm, hardihood and perseverance, published
under the title of " Anacalypsis ; or. An Attempt
TO Draw Aside the Veil of the Saitic Isis," in heavy
quarto volumes, in 1833, 1834, 1836: The "Celtic
Druids," another important quarto of Godfrey Higgins,
abounding in antiquarian truth, and beautifully illustrated,
appeared in 1829; and, in 1834, an invaluable
antiquarian Phallic book, "The Round Towers of
Ireland," written by a very accomplished scholar, Henry
O'Brien, who, of course, mainly on account of his in-
sight, solidity, and genuineness, especially as advocating

nay, proving— unwelcome and startling antiquarian con-
clusions in regard to the Round Towers, encountered
not much less than a storm of opposition. These books
(we may aver), on account of their difficult, evading and
reluctant (even obstinate) subjects for discovery, range
under the same head as Dr. Inman's "Ancient Faiths."
Th^y explain idolatry.

Messrs. Staniland Wake and Westropp, and Dr.
Phene, a well-known and industrious antiquary, produced
memoranda and books of greater or less importance and
noteworthiness upon this strange but engrossingly se-
ductive " Phallic" subject, when their attention had been
led up to it ;— though, in truth, the emulative attention
of these scholars was first challenged by the works in
which the topic was dilated upon (but only in the certain
proper way) by the present writer.

The curiosity in regard to this subject spread, as was

Introduction, xi

to be expected. Efforts at the disinterment of the con-
clusions of the ancient mystical writers, taken up from
point to point, followed on the writings of the present
author. The Americans in particular, in circuitous de-
flections or more promising direct searching out, wrote
and published in recognitive quarters. And this move-
ment evoked sparks of re-animation to the truths of the
Phallic theory in viu-ious directions back again in our own
country. Through these means was incited notice to
these grand philosophical problems of the real meaning
of the old idolatries in which lay the expression of
enthusiastic religion. The seeds, cast at hazard origi-
nally with much distrust of their reception in this present
too-sharpened intellectual age, took root in the New
World. The mainly forgotten puzzles among our inquisi-
tive brethren in America found fit matrix in which to
sprmg. And in response to this antiquarian signal,
sounded across the seas, books in America made their
appearance, arising principally from certain abstract (and
before that time unconsidered, except by Sir William
Jones, the great Indian authority,) speculations as to the
groundwork of that shadowy religion — « mystery of all
mysteries" — Buddhism — handled nowadays by yery many
and very incompetent hands. These original ideas about
Buddhism were published by the present writer in his
work "The Indian Religions," which contains the germ
of all the new views. But all these discourses by other
people, and speculative attempts to discover — this hover-
ing for ever round and round a subject, more than
general description of which is denied, and which is ever
intended to be denied — even in the mental interest of the
querists themselves — have been vain, because they have

^" Introduction.

been insufficient, formed out of that which could sustain
no structure, and springing from minds not abstract and
keen enough to find out for themselves— being not
adequately gifted.

There is always a fixed point of reserve in these occult
matter.., beyond which it is hopeless-as it has always
been, and always must be— to penetrate. Large and
important enough is the margin up to this rigid line
beyond which, to all ordinary explorers, access and dis-
covery is as impossible as it would be uncomfortable if
by any possibility of comprehension arrival at these grand
supernatural truths could ever be realised— that is, by the
usual most acute inquirers among the people. But the
m^yority of investigators-even learned investigators-are
dull enough, and are too cold of imagination to be im-
pressed with great facts if they happen to be remote
Ideas and new and difficult to be believed. Therefore
all IS at the best in this general incredibility And the
secrets are so fixed and so sure-being so deep-buried
tor all time m symbols so mysterious as to be far
beyond reading-that the paraded decipherments, to those
knowing ones whose attention has been drawn to them
through the aggressive vanity of the Egyptologists and in
the effi-ontery of some of the predominating scientific
people, although trumpeted in the Press as discoveries
are laughed at quietly by those who "know better " But
the persuading of the public is easy by the strength of
names, and through the « influence of authority in matters
of opinion,»_a persuasion which did not escape the
penetration of Sir George Cornewall Lewis, nor does it
evade the detection of certain cool observers disposed to
pass over with a certain measure of contempt the parade of

Introduction. xiii

the string of letters — marking degrees — which, Hke the
paper vertebras of the flexile tail of a kite — adorn many a
name stamped with the stamps of academical and other
supposed and accepted learned societies.

The present writer furthermore claims to be the
first introducer, as the grand philosophical problem, of
the vast religious and national importance of " Buddhism,"
so important to England, as being the mistress of India,
of the immense Buddhistic countries, with their prodigious
populations. Buddhism and its speculative foundations,
and the question whether these are founded in absolute
vital truth, or whether they are to be dismissed as mere
mythology, has now become such an important topic that
no words can realise the extent and possible results of
the same.

The attestation to the justice of his claim is to be
found in the fact of the number of books upon
the subject of Buddhism which have appeared since
the date of the " Indian Religions ; or, Results of
the Mysterious Buddhism," produced in the years
of the great Indian Mutiny — viz., 1 857-1 858. This
book — a moderate-sized octavo — although entirely
opposed to the arguments and line of indoctrination of
nearly the whole of the British Press and the political
people, headed by the Times, and to the opinions
enunciated and approved by the general ratification
of the people of England (in appearance), was warmly
adopted and certified as establishing truths by no less
distinguished and enthusiastic and patriotic authorities
than a previous Governor-General, the Earl of Ellen-
borough ; by Sir Erskine Perry, Judge of the Supreme
Court of Bombay, and several other members of the

XIV hitrocliictio?!.

Council of India ; by Lord Lyndhurst, the Lord Chan-
cellor, many members of Parliament, principally from the
Conservative ranks, and many scholars and enlightened
men, not only in France and England, but in Germany,
and particularly in the United States of America, where
these subjects were viewed largely, apart from politics.
We may declare that the book was received with great
marks of favour — this, in its explanations, as speaking
truth (and useful, enlightening truth), in regard to the
real opinions and feelings of the vast population of India,
both of the Hindoos and the Mahometans. Notwith-
standing this, it was truth, necessarily unpopular and
disbelieved in at that time — now long past — provoking
and enraging in the then natural fierceness of feeling and
in the impulse of intense hostility in England to every-
thing (native) of India. This _ work, " The Indian Re-
ligions," now totally out of print and very scarce, was
published anonymously, and was founded upon a mass of
authoritative proofs furnished to the author from India
itself. It bore — at once an entreaty and a warning —
upon its title-page the significant words of Themistocles
in his own native Greek, as applied and addressed to the
people of England, " Strike, but hear !"

It was really a very bold challenge offered to public
opinion in England — so aroused, and so, as the present
writer thought at the time, mistaken — this laying before
the people of England such a remonstrance in regard
to the general unfortunate policy. Of the mistakes of
this policy the British people are now thoroughly con-

In some very eminent but at that time unpopular
quarters in England (1857-1858) this novel and un-

Introduction. xv

expected anonymous work secured deep attention and
won firm reliance. But although too bitterly true, as the
book called in qu3Stion the entire round of opinion and
of decision, in regard to remedies, as pronounced in
England through the Press, and as emanating from the
authorities, and confirmed and authorised by Parliament
(then aroused to the intensest spirit of indignation and
of excitement), its arguments were considered as in-
credible, and its statements as too extraordinary, and as
too truly unexpected, when announced as coming from
(of all people in the world) an " Indian Missionary," as
was stated on the title-page. This authorship and this
origin were very naturally regarded as a phenomenon
when the " Indian Missionary" appeared as the apologist
on the Indian side. He was only arguing, however, for
truth. He offered real evidence. The judicious people,
on consideration, discovered, to the general amazement,
that the foundations of Buddhism had been hitherto
wholly misunderstood. It was realised at last that these
foundations were not only mystical and unexplainable —
because occult and cabalistic — not only impossible of
denial, (that is, in their "results" or conclusions) —
but that they were true. The difficulty, especially
in this country, is to make new ideas, and new and
apparently contradictory views of things, understood, above
all (and inveterately so) in the case of religion. There is an
amount of prejudice inconceivable to all who have not been
either compelled or have elected to move in the face oi it.
(" Have you not heard," says Mr. William Morris,
" how it has gone with many a cause before now ? First,
few men heed it. Ne.xt, most men contemn it. Lastly,
all men accept it. And the cause is won !")

xvi hiiroduction.

Mr. Gerald Massey, in his "Natural Genesis and
Typology of Primitive Customs," has drawn his ideas
upon very important mythic subjects from a remote source.
Comparatively speaking, he has thus 'rendered them
second-hand. He has gained his notions from the
" Indian Religions ; or. The Results of the Mysterious
Buddhism," and the " Curious Things of the Outside
World," respectively published so long ago, and more
particularly from the " Rosicrucians," in its first edition,
published early in [870,

Truly, in certain respects, Mr. Gerald Massey has read
wrongly, and has been over-eager. He has traced
erroneously the outlining of his conceptions when his
originals seemed somewhat restive in his own mistaking
hands. Mr. Gerald Massey's two ponderous tomes,
" The Book of the Beginnings," present, in the first
instance, the very serious fault of being greatly too bulky,
and the book is far too expensive for general acceptance
and circulation. In addition, the work is uninviting from
its diffusiveness, and it labours under the singular demerit
that, whilst many of its particulars are correct, and its
groups of facts to a large extent trustworthy, the general
deductions therefrom are wholly mistaken. They are
guide-posts which indicate to those who consult and spell
them over, in curiosity and hope, the wrong paths. It
is certainly most inauspicious in the interests of the pro-
founder students of these difficult subjects that this
unintended although bewildering maze of erroneous
results from apparently correct particulars should be so
confidently paraded. For doubt and continual distrust
are the parents of successful discovery.

As if all the mysteries — reluctant enough to previous

Introduction. xvii

inquirers — had miraculously opened out of themselves to
the new examiner, and had satisfactorily disclosed them-
selves to the discovery of one man in the latter time !
Such overweening confidence is most absurd and most
disastrous. Truly must we be forced to consider that all
previous great men and the long line of profound thinkers
— labouring through the ages — had worked in vain.
Mr. Gerald Massey's text is that all religions and all
mysteries evolved from out of the heart of Africa. ' We
simply reject all his accumulation of particulars as founded
on a wrong basis. The effect of such books is only to
clog the subject and to confuse the reader.

We prefer other claims to the reader's consideration.
The present book may be undoubtedly pronounced new
and perfectly original. It is professedly constructive. It
finds its justification in an elaborate consideration of the
monuments of the old world, and in the usages and ideas
of the moderns. It is most important in one respect. It
seeks to be the builder up of a belief— of a Christian
belief. This, in opposition to most modern books of its
nature. It will be found strange, puzzling, startling.
But all its conclusions will be supported by abundant
proofs — to the right-minded and to the most accomplished
and the most deeply-read among the antiquaries.

Curious and inquisitive readers will find in it all that
they want to know concerning that extremely recondite

Online LibraryHargrave JenningsPhallicism, celestial and terrestrial, heathen and Christian, its connexion with the Rosicrucians and the Gnostics and its foundation in Buddhism, with an essay on mystic anatomy → online text (page 1 of 25)