hell fire, Captain Wheelock worked voluntarily
and unceasingly, giving aid, food, and water to the
wounded. Throughout the entire operations,
Captain Wheelock showed utter disregard for his
own safety, being knocked down many times by
shell explosions. For two nights he worked as a
stretcher bearer, carrying patients to places of
safety, after giving them medical attention during
the day. Home address, Mrs. F. R. Wheelock,
wife, Scranton, Pa.
WHEELER, FREDERICK C. . First Lieutenant
Company G, 6th Regiment, U. S. M. C. On
June 5, 1918, near Bouresche, France, he was con-
spicuous for his bravery in remaining in action,
although twice wounded, refusing to be evacuated
until wounded a third time, and then endeavoring
to return to his command. Home address, Mrs.
Gibson Bell, mother, 2818 Deheancey Place,
WHIPPLE, COLUMBUS .... Private
Company H, 47th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Bazoches, France, August
7, 1918. He crossed the Vesle River in the face of
enemy fire and rescued a drowning comrade in the
deep, swift current of the stream. Home address,
Edson Whipple, father, Show Low, Ariz.
WHISENANT, HERBERT W. ....
16th Infantry. For extraordinary heroism in
action near Soissons. France, July 18, 1918. While
advancing with his platoon, Lieutenant Whisenant.
after he was so severely wounded that he was un-
able to continue so encouraged and inspired bis
men that they won a decided victory and captured
many men and guns. His wound resulted in the loss
of a leg. Home address, Mrs. Rosa E. Whisenant,
mother, 1709 Congress Avenue, Austin, Texas.
WHITAKER DANIEL Private
Company D, 6th Infantry- For extraordinary
heroism in action near Fontaine, France, Novem-
ber 8, 1918. While engaged as company runner
Private Whitaker displayed rare devotion to duty
by carrying messages through heavy machine-gun
fire, continuing his work after being severely
wounded. Home address, J. W. Whitaker, father,
Lancaster, S. C.
WHITAKER, JESSE Corporal
Company, 23d Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near St. Etienne-Aux-Arnes,
France, October 3-9, 1918. A few minutes before
the attack, in an offensive operation, Corporal
Whitaker was wounded by a shell fragment but
remained with his platoon and led his squad with
great courage and initiative during the attack.
Home address, Okie P. Whitaker, wife, Paris, Mo.
WHITCOMB, GEORGE .... Private
Company B, 9th Machine Gun Battalion. For
extraordinary heroism in action near Cunel, France,
October 12, 1918. Although seriously wounded.
Private Whitcomb refused to be evacuated until
he had gone under heavy artillery and machine-
gun fire to four other gun crews requesting that men
be sent to his gun, thereby enabling an important
gun to remain in action. Home address, Charles
Whitcomb, father, Bonneville Apartments, Helena,
France, November 1, 1918. When the advance
of his battalion was hindered by a strong enemy
machine-gun nest, Lieutenant White led his platoon
forward in an attack on the hostile position and was
killed at the head of his platoon just before the
last machine-gun was put out of action. Next of
kin, Mrs. Emma E. White, mother, 910 South
Eighth Street, Manitowoc, Wis.
WHITE, EDWARD R Sergeant
Company I, 115th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Consenvoye Wood, France,
October 10, 1918. After his platoon leader had
been killed, Sergeant White took command. The
advance of the company had been held up by a
machine-gun nest, until Sergeant White, with two
other soldiers cleaned out the nest, killing four and
capturing six of the enemy. Home address,
E. Riall White, father, Salisbury, Md.
WHITE, JESS Corporal
Company D. 317th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Nantillois, France, October
5, 1918. Corporal White led his squad across an
area swept by machine-gun and shell fire with utter
disregard for his personal danger. Although he was
severely wounded by machine-gun bullets, he con-
tinued to direct his squad until completely ex-
hausted from loss of blood. Home address, Mrs.
Willie White, mother, Chelyan, W. Va.
WHITE, JOHN B Private
Medical Detachment, 28th Infantry. For three
nights at Cantigny, France, on May 28-31, 1918,
he worked unceasingly under fire, bringing the
wounded to safety and ministering to them on his
own initiative, fie repeatedly left shelter to help
wounded men. Home address, Joshua J. White,
father, Miligan College, Tenn.
WHITE, LOUIS D First Sergeant
Company E, 137th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Baulny, France, September
28, 1918. He volunteered to carry a message to the
rear through heavy artillery fire to obtain ammu-
nition and reinforcements. That mission accom-
plished, he learned that his captain, the only
officer left with the Company, had been wounded.
Though himself wounded and suffering from gas,
he returned to the front lines, reorganized the
company and held his section of the front line until
the Division was relieved. Home address, Mrs.
Louis D. White, wife, Hutchinson, Kan.
WHITE, LYMAN Sergeant
Company H, 119th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Bellicourt. France, Septem-
ber 29, 1918. When, with three other men, he en-
countered a German patrol which outnumbered
them five to one, he ordered his companions to
keep the enemy down with fire from their Lewis
gun. He then crept to the rear of the hostile patrol
and attacked the Germans with bombs. At the
same time his companions attacked from the front
killing several of the Germans and capturing nine.
Home address, Mrs. Charles White, mother,
Salemburg, N. C.
WHITE, NATHANIEL C. . Private (First Class)
Deceased. Company F, 370th Infantry. For
extraordinary heroism in action at Vauxaillon,
France, September 19, 1918. Private White, while
WHITE, RICHARD G.
WHITE, DONALD W.
Deceased. 23d Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Landres et St. Georges,
16th Infantry. For extraordinary heroism in
action near Soissons, France, July 18, 1918. He led
his platoon through intense machine-gun and
artillery fire, destroying machine-guns tht were
causing heavy losses on an exposed flank, and re-
maining in command of his platoon until twice
severely wounded. Home address, Hughes White,
brother, 273 Calhoun Street, Charleston, S. C.
DISTINGUISHED SERVICE CROSS
acting as company runner, exposed himself con-
stantly to intense enemy machine-gun and artillery
fire, and was killed while in the performance of his
duty. Next of kin, Nathaniel Jones, uncle, 514
East Thirty-sixth Street, Chicago, 111.
WHITE, RICHARD J. . . First Lieutenant
113th Infantry. For extraordinary heroism in
action near Ravine de Molleville, north of Samog-
neux, France, October 15, 1918. He was a member
of a small party which was suddenly fired upon by
three German machine-guns, one soldier being
killed and an officer severely wounded. Himself
unharmed, Lieutenant White returned with another
soldier and, in the face of machine-gun fire, ap-
proached within 50 yards of the machine-gun nests
and carried the wounded officer to shelter. Home
address, Mrs. A. White, mother, 1115 West Jeffer-
son Street, Creston, la.
WHITE, THOMAS M Sergeant
Company D, 306th Machine Gun Battalion.
For extraordinary heroism in action near Toter
Nanns Valley, France, October 4. 1918. While in
command of his platoon, Sergeant White went with
two other soldiers to the rescue of three members
of a gun crew, among whom a German hand grenade
had burst. Finding one of the men dead and
another so severely wounded that he could not be
moved, Sergeant White carried the third man to
shelter in plain view of the enemy, under continu-
ous shell and machine-gun fire. His comrades also
having been wounded, he also succeeded in getting
them back to safety, and thereafter twice returned
to the gun position to administer first aid and carry
water to the wounded soldier, who could not be
moved. Home address, Mrs. Mary Kelly, sister.
73 Orange Street, Bridgeport, Conn.
WHITE, TRACY S. . . . First Sergeant
Company B, 311th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Ferme des Loges, France.
October 19, 1918. When the position his com-
pany held was enfiladed and communication to
the rear cut off, he volunteered to carry a message
to the battalion commander after several runners
had been killed in the attempt. Crossing ground
swept by intense machine-gun and artillery fire,
he delivered the message and returned with orders
as to the disposition of the company. Home ad-
dress, Mrs. Tracy S. White, wife, Ocean Grove, N. J.
WHITE, WALTER D Private
Deceased. Company B, 309th Infantry. For
extraordinary heroism in action near the Bois des
Loges, France, November 1, 1918. While acting
as runner, Private White volunteered to carry a
message across a long stretch of open country
which was subjected to heavy machine-gun and
artillery fire. He successfully crossed the space
and delivered his message, but in an attempt to re-
turn, he was killed by a rain of machine-gun bullets.
His conduct served as an inspiration to other run-
ners. Next of kin, Mrs. Carrie L. White, mother,
WHITE, WILBERT WALLACE . . .
Deceased. Air Service, 147th Aero Squadron.
For extraordinary heroism in action in the regions
of Etain and Chambley, France, September 14,
1918. While protecting three allied observation
planes in the region of Etain, Lieutenant White was
attacked by three Halberstadt fighters. He en-
gaged them immediately, successfully fighting
them off and leading them all away from the obser-
vation planes, which were thus permitted to carry
on their work unmolested. While returning home
he dived through a cloud to attack an enemy bal-
loon near Chambley, bringing it down in flames.
Two Fokker scouts then attacked him; and, al-
though he was alone, with intrepid courage he at-
tacked the first Fokker head on, shooting until it
went down into a vertical dive out of control.
Pulling up sharply, he fired a long burst at the
second Fokker as it went over him, putting it to
immediate flight. For the following act of extra
ordinary heroism in action near Toul, France,
October 10, 1918, Lieutenant White is awarded an
Oak Leaf Cluster, to be worn with the Distinguished
Service Cross. In command of a patrol of four
planes, which was attacked by five German Fok-
kers, he attacked the enemy plane which was hard
pressing a new pilot. The German Fokker had
gotton at the tail of the American plane and was
overtaking it. Lieutenant White's gun having
jammed, he drove his plane head-on into the Ger-
man Fokker, both crashing to earth, 500 meters
below. Next of kin, Mrs. W. W. White, Jr., 541
Lexington Avenue, New York City.
WHITE, WILLIAM P Corporal
Company D, 165th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action in the Argonne, France, October
14-29, 1918. Attached to the regimental liaison
group, Private White, time and again traversed
three kilometers to the front lines, proving the swift-
est and surest runner. For three days and nights
he worked unceasingly under terrific artillery
and machine-gun fire accomplishing his mission,
when other runners failed. Home address, Mrs.
Carrie White, mother, 418 East 163d Street,
New York City.
WHITED, HOMER Corporal
Company D, 167th Infantry- He was a member
of a patrol of five men which, on March 4, 1918, en-
countered an enemy patrol of eleven men, which it
attacked and routed, taking two prisoners. Home
address, Mrs. Caldonia Waited, mother, 1430
Dartmouth, Bessemer, Ala.
WHITEHEAD, FRANK .... Captain
5th Regiment, U. S. M. C. For extraordinary
heroism in action near St. Etienne, France, October
4, 1918. Although severely wounded Captain
Whitehead showed exceptional coolness and bravery
in his selection of machine-gun sites and in routing
the enemy while under heavy machine-gun fire.
Home address, Mrs. Joseph Whitehead, 6 Spencer
Avenue, Chelsea, Mass.
WHITEHEAD, LEWIS E. . . . Sergeant
Machine Gun Company, 310th Infantry. I For ex-
traordinary heroism in action at St. Juvin, France,
October 16, 1918. Sergeant Whitehead, then cor-
poral, after giving first aid to his platoon leader,
who had been wounded, took command of the pla-
toon and led it in an attack in the face of con-
centrated enemy artillery and machine-gun fire,
reaching the objective and effectively protecting
the exposed flank of the assaulting battalion with
his two guns. Home address, Robert E. White-
head, father, Elmira, N.Y.
WHITEMAN, RALPH A Sergeant
Company D, 312th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action at Grand-Pre, France, October
18, 1918. When his detachment had become dis-
organized by sniper and machine-gun fire, Sergeant
Whiteman, without regard for personal danger,
reorganized his command, and by his gallant ex-
ample led his men against the enemy machine-gun
position, capturing it and bringing the gun back
to our lines. Home address, Horace S. Whiteman,
WHITING, CHARLES W Private
Deceased. Headquarters Company, 308th In-
fantry. For extraordinary heroism in action near
Barbanvale, France, September 10, 1918 Private
Whiting had charge of maintaining a telephone
line from Barbanvale to Blanzy. The line was
under direct observation of the enemy, and the ap-
pearance of a lineman was the immediate occasion
for shelling by the enemy with field artillery and
one-pounders. Private Whiting stuck to his work
repairing break after break, until he was mortally
wounded by the enemy shell fire. Next of kin,
Mrs. A. C. Battles, mother, 66 Main Street, Avon,
WHITING, CLINTON L. . First Lieutenant
Company A, 308th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near La Harazee, France, Sep-
tember 26-28, 1918. During the advance in the
Argonne Forest, Lieutenant Whiting exposed him-
self fearlessly to enemy machine-gun and sniper
fire while leading his men and consolidating his
position, which was in a marsh covered with wire
grass and stunted brush. He continued to lead
his men with utter disregard for personal danger
until he fell seriously wounded by a machine-gun
bullet on the afternoon of September 28 near
Binarville. Home address, D. Clinton Whiting,
father, 21 Fulton Street, New York City.
WHITINGTON. CHARLEY E. . . Private
Company I, 28th Infantry. For three days at
Cantigny, France, on May 28-30, 1918, he per-
formed with great bravery the duties of battalion
gunner without rest. Although wounded, he re-
mained on duty under fire until his battalion was
relieved. Home address, Miss Gladys I. Whiting-
ton, sister, Great Cacapon, W.Va.
WHITMAN, GUY . . Private (First Class)
Company F, 127th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Gesnes, France, October
4-20, 1918. During this period, Private Whitman,
although many runners had been shot down, re-
peatedly volunteered and carried messages through
heavy enemy barrages, successfully accomplishing
his work and thereby saving the lives of many of
his comrades. Home address, Mrs. Maud Whitman,
mother, 531 Outagamie Street, Appleton, Wis.
WHITMAN, W. M Colonel
325th Infantry. For extraordinary heroism in
action near Fleville and St. Juvin, France, October
11-12, 1918. When his regiment was attacked in
column before reaching the line which it was to
hold Colonel Whitman took command and person-
ally led his men into action. Always on the firing
line, he led four attacks under heavy fire from at-
tillery, machine-guns, and snipers on the hill east
of St. Juvin, the fourth of which was successful.
He maintained his post of command on or near the
front line throughout the engagement and by his
personal example of courage inspired his men to val-
iant and successful combat. Home address, Mrs.
W. M. Whitman, wife, 235 Edgerton Road, Akron,
WHITNEY, LE ROY F Corporal
Company M, 108th Infantry. For extraordi-
nary heroism in action near St. Souplet, France,
October 17, 1918. Voluntarily carrying messages
under heavy shell and machine-gun fire, he dis-
played great bravery and gallantry. In one in-
stance he completed the mission of a runner who
had been wounded and returned with very impor-
tant information as to where the barrage would fall.
Home address, Mrs. H. L. Whitney, mother,
10 Easterly Avenue, Auburn, N. Y.
WHITNEY, RALPH L Private
Deceased. Company C, 112th Machine Gun
Battalion. For extraordinary heroism in action
near Montagne, France, October 15, 1918. During
an attack, Private Whitney was tireless in his efforts
to bring food and water to his comrades. On
October 8 he captured 13 Germans without as-
sistance and without regard to his personal safety.
Later, while aiding a wounded comrade he was
severely wounded. Next of kin, E. E. Whitney,
father, R. F. D. 7, Ann Arbor, Mich.
WHITSON, LESTER Corporal
Company E, 131st Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action at Hamel, Belgium. July 4, 1918.
Although severely wounded in the shoulder at the
beginning of the engagement, he continued for-
ward as squad leader, exhibiting great gallantry
and setting an inspiring example to his men. Home
address, Mrs. Emma Whitson, mother, 6816
Olcott Avenue, Chicago, 111.
WHITSON, ROBERT KENNETH . Captain
26th Infantry. When his major was killed near
Spissons, France, July 19, 1918, he took command of
his battalion and, although wounded, led it for-
ward for the succeeding three days to its final ob-
jective, and, although wounded again, refused to be
evacuated until he had directed the consolidation
of his position. Home address, Mrs. R. K. Whit-
son, wife, Union City, Tenn.
WHITTHORNE, HARRY S. . . . Captain
140th Infantry. For extraordinary heroism in
action near Exermont, France, September 28, 1918,
and October 1, 1918. He organized a detachment
to go 1200 yards in front of our lines to rescue
the wounded in a wood previously occupied. He
brought back over 20 of the wounded, who would
otherwise have been captured or died from expos-
ure, the rescue being effected under heavy machine-
gun and artillery fire. Later, when he was the only
officer with the battalion, he refused to be evac-
uated, though wounded and burned by mustard
gas, remaining in command until the battalion
was relieved. Home address, Sam Whitthorne,
620 Second Avenue, San Francisco, Cal.
WIBERG, ALVIN Sergeant
Company C, 131st Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action during the Somme offensive,
France, August 15, 1918. Blown over the parapet
of an outpost when an enemy shell made a direct
hit, he, upon regaining consciousness, carried the
wounded members of his squad through heavy
shell and machine-gun fire to a dressing station.
He then drew a new automatic rifle from a nearby
dump, and, making his way through heavy fire,
established a new outpost, holding it alone against
the enemy for 14 hours until relieved. Home ad-
dress, Olaf Olsen, uncle, 3740 North Central Park
Avenue, Chicago, 111.
WICHART, GEORGE . . Second Lieutenant
French Army. For extraordinary heroism in ac-
tion nearMonthois, France, September 27 to October
7, 1918. During the attack on Monthois he volun-
tarily undertook the most hazardous missions, fear-
lessly traversing ground swept by machine-gun fire
and severe bombardment to secure liaison between
neighboring French units and to reconnoiter our
first line positions. His reports were invaluable.
On the night of October 2 he led a battalion to its
position of attack and personally reconnoitered the
line under intense machine-gun and artillery fire,
furnishing a splendid example of coolness and
utter disregard of danger to the men of the battalion.
WICKHAN, GORDON Private
Headquarters Company, 131st Infantry. For
extraordinary heroism in action at Chipilly Ridge,
France, August 11, 1918. He was on duty with a
carrying party, which was severely shelled and
gassed while passing through Grassier Wood. In
utter diregard of his own personal safety, this cour-
ageous soldier made repeated trips into the woods
under heavy shell fire and rescued wounded soldiers.
Home address, G. R. Wickhan, father, care S.S.
Albania, Goodrich Transportation Co., Chicago,
DISTINGUISHED SERVICE CROSS
WICKLIFFE, ROBERT E Private
Company A, 4th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Grand Ballois Farm, France,
July 14-15. 1918. After being severely wounded
Private Wickliffe remained at his post performing
hia duties as a relay runner until relieved. Home
address, Mrs. Clara Wickliffe, mother, R. F. D. 4,
WIDDIFIELD, CECIL J. . Second Lieutenant
6th U. S. M. C. For extraordinary heroism in
action near St. Etienne, France, October 5, 1918.
Lieutenant Widdifield voluntarily went forward
for a distance of 800 meters under heavy shell fire
and rescued a wounded soldier who had been left
there the night before when the advance patrols
had been withdrawn. Home address, Mrs. Jack
Meader, cousin, Seattle, Wash.
WIESE, EDWIN Private
Company C, 355th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action at Essey, France, September 12,
1918. He displayed conspicuous gallantry by
creeping forward alone under machine-gun fire
and capturing two enemy machine-guns, which
were holding up the advance of his organization.
Home address, Mrs. Louise Wiese, 2514 Harris
Avenue, St. Louis, Mo.
WIGGINS, EDWIN W Sergeant
Deceased. Company A, 128th Machine Gun
Battalion. For extraordinary heroism in action
near Baulny, France, September 29, 1918. Ser-
geant Wiggins led a machine-gun platoon to a threat-
ened portion of the line, under a heavy enemy bar-
rage, walking back and forth along the front under
heavy enemy fire, encouraging his men and direct-
ing the construction of emplacements. He also
organized a group of infantrymen, who had be-
come separated from their organizations, and put
them in the line, supervising their intrenchments.
This gallant soldier was killed just as this work
was completed. Next of kin, T. S. Wiggins, father,
506 South Maple Street, Carthage, Mo.
WIGGLESWORTH, ROBERT . . Captain
132d Infantry. For extraordinary heroism in ac-
tion near Consenvoye, France, October 9, 1918.
When the two platoons he was leading in attack
were held up by terrific fire from two machine-
guns, Captain Wigglesworth ordered his men to
lie down and he, singlehanded rushed one nest,
killing the gunner and capturing the crew. He
then forced the surrender of the second gun crew.
Home address, Mrs. Alfreida Wigglesworth, wife,
WIGHT, HOWARD M Private
Company I, 361st Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Gesnes, France, September
28, 1918. When his battalion withdrew after at-
tacking a hostile position under heavy fire, Private
Wight, instead of falling back, organized a party
and, in the face of intense machine-gun fire, res-
cued 15 wounded soldiers who would otherwise
have fallen into the hands of the enemy. He placed
the wounded men in a gravel pit and remained the
entire night, administering first aid, despite the
fact that he himself was nearly exhausted after
three days of fighting. Home address, Bert
S. Lamb, 298 Pine Street, South Portland, Me.
WILBUR, THOMAS A Secretary
Y. M. C. A, Attached to 6th Machine Gun Bat-
talion, U. S. M. C. For extraordinary heroism in
action near Jaulny, France, September 13-15, 1918.
Declining to remain in the rear, Mr. Wilbur attached
himself to the Medical Department rendering first
aid and bringing in wounded, serving at all times
in a most valuable manner. He disregarded an
order to return to the rear when it seemed that the
enemy would launch a counterattack, but remained
with the wounded until all were safely evacuated.
Home address, Mrs. T. W. Wilbur, mother, 24
Franklin Square, New Britain, Conn.
WILCOX, GILBERT W. . Private (First Class)
Company D, 4th Engineers. For extraordinary
heroism in action on the Vesle River, near Villa
Savoy at a time when it was undor a heavy bom-
bardment to rescue a wounded officer. Home ad-
dress, Mrs. Nathan Wilcox, mother, Linton, Ore.
WILCOX GLENN E. . Second Lieutenant
Deceased. Company L, 30th Infantry. For ex-
traordinary heroism in action near Jaulgonne,
France, July 23, 1918. When his company had
reached its objective and was suffering heavy cas-
ualties from shell fire, Lieutenant Wilcox rendered
valuable assistance in reorganizing the company
and caring for the W9unded. He remained on duty
even though suffering from severe mustard gas
burns. Next of kin, Mrs. Louise M. Wilcox,