man to safety. Home address, Eugene Burns,
brother, 711 Carroll Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.
BURNS, MYRON D Private
Deceased. Company F, 7th Infantry. For ex-
traordinary heroism in action near Fossoy, France,
July 15, 1918. Although suffering intense agony
from severe wounds, Pvt. Burns killed eight of the
enemy with his rifle and bayonet and then crawled
about for two days before being picked up. He
died shortly after from his wounds. Next of kin,
Mrs. Jennie Douglass, mother, Eldred, Pa.
BURNS, THOMAS V Private
Company E, 9th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Vierzy, France, July 18,
1918. He fearlessly sprang to the assistance of a
French officer and helped him, under fire, remove a
wounded French soldier from a burning tank which
had been struck by a shell. Afterwards, seeing a
gap in the firing line, he collected four men, dashed
forward and captured five machine guns, with
DISTINGUISHED SERVICE CROSS
which he held the line until the arrival of reinforce-
ments. He then rejoined his platoon, where he
rendered valuable service during the remainder of
the battle. Home address, Mrs. John F. Burns,
mother, 1808 Sanderson Avenue, Scranton, Pa.
BURR, GEORGE E. . Sergeant (First Class)
Company C, 107th Field Signal Battalion. For
extraordinary heroism in action near Cierges,
France, August 2, 1918. Sergt. Burr, in charge of
a detachment, strung wire far in advance of the
front lines, working through a heavy artillery fire, to
the point where the regimental post of command
was to be situated, 100 yards from the enemy line.
When he was ordered to leave one man at the in-
strument, while the rest of the detachment returned
to the rear, Sergt. Burr himself volunteered, and
remained alone at this dangerous position. Home
address, Mrs. George W. Burr, 1036 Second Street,
BURR, JOHN G.
Company A, 130th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Raiville, France, November
9, 1918. As mechanic Burr was administering first
aid to a wounded comrade during a raid, they were
attacked by several of the enemy. Undaunted by
this superior force, Mechanic Burr succeeded in
killing four and driving off the others, thereby set-
ting a conspicuous example of courage and coolness.
Home address, Mrs. James Burr, mother, 623 West
Virginia Avenue, Effingham, 111.
BURRELL, REUBEN Private
Machine Gun Company, 371st Infantry. For
extraordinary heroism in action in the Champagne
sector, France, September 30, 1918. Pvt. Burrell,
although painfully wounded in the knee, refused
to be evacuated, stating that if he went to the rear
there would not be enough left for his group to
function. Home address, Nathan Burrell, father,
Lanexa, New Kent County, Va.
BURROUGHS, FRANK ALVERT . Sergeant
Machine Gun Company, 118th Infantry. For
extraordinary heroism in action near La Haie
Meneresse, France, October 17, 1918. When his
platoon commander was wounded and all the non-
commissioned officers had become casualties, under
a heavy enemy barage which fell upon his company,
killing or wounding more than a third of the men,
Sergt. Burroughs, then a private, reorganized the
platoon under the heavy shell fire, directed the
evacuation of the wounded, and then led the one
remaining gun team forward, displaying remarkable
coolness and initiative. Next of kin, Miss Pearl
Burroughs, sister, Watauga, S. D.
BURT, BYRON T. Jr. . . First Lieutenant
Aviation Section, observer Balloon Section. For
repeated acts of heroism in action near Gricourt,
France, August 4-11, near Sommedieue, France,
September 16, and near Avocourt, France, October
1, 1918. On each of these occasions, Lieut. Burt
remained with his balloon, making important
observations of the enemy's positions and directing
pur artillery fire, until his balloon was set on fire by
incendiary bullets from enemy aircraft. On one
occasion he refused to jump until his companion, a
student observer, was safely away. Home address,
Mrs. Byron T. Burt, 108 West Seventy-third Street,
New York, N. Y.
BURTON, EDWARD A. . . First Lieutenant
Deceased. 128th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Cierges, France, August 1,
1918. Lieut. Burton was mortally wounded while
carrying a wounded man from a position exposed
to artillery and machine-gun fire, but, regardless
of his own suffering, he persisted in his task until
he had placed the wounded man in a place of safety.
Lieut. Burton died while being evacuated. Next of
kin, Mrs. Charles W. Burton, mother, Hillsboro,
BURTON, MILTON G Sergeant
C9mpany E, 316th Engineers. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Eclisfontaine, France, Sep-
tember 28, 1918. While attached to an Infantry
unit, Sergt. Burton evidenced great bravery in
bringing in four severely wounded men from the
front lines to the dressing station. After reaching
dressing station he immediately administered first
aid to the men, being continually exposed to the
machine-gun and sniper fire. Home address, Mrs.
Milton G. Burton, wife, 765 Iglehart Avenue, St.
BUSCH GEORGE L Sergeant
Company D, 354th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Remonville, France, Novem-
ber 1, 1918. Sergt. Busch's company was waiting
at its first objective for the barrage to advance,
when five enemy machine guns opened fire on it
from a point in front of the barrage. Realizing the
gravity of the situation Sergt. Busch led a combat
group from his platoon with exceptional skill and
bravery through the barrage to the flank of the
enemy position and silenced the machine guns, cap-
turing prisoners from their crews. While returning
through the barrage, he was knocked down by
concussion from a bursting shell, but he immediate-
ly arose and led his men back to the platoon. Home
address, Henry Busch, father, Troy, Mo.
BUSCHMAN, JEROME .... Sergeant
Company G, 9th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action south of Soissons, France, July
18, 1918. With John Rockwell, private, William
F. Rockwell, private; Alfred Shimampwski, private;
and Watzlaw Viniarsky, private; all of the same
company, Sergt. Buschman distinguished himself
by attacking a party of more than 60 Germans and,
in an intense and desperate hand-to-hand fight,
succeeded in killing 22 men and capturing 40 men
and five machine guns. Home address, Martin J.
Buschman, brother, St. Charles, Mo.
BUSH, ALDEN Corporal
Deceased. Company C, 125th Infantry. During
the attack on and capture of the village of Cierges,
northeast of Chateau-Thierry, France, August 1,
1918, Corpl. Bush was fatally wounded. In spite
of his wound he struggled forward, urging on and
inspiring his men, and keeping up with the attack-
ing wave until he fell. Next of kin, R. E. Bush,
father, Roxford, Mich.
BUSH, GARRET Corporal
Company A, 26th Infantry. During the fighting
near Soissons, France, July 19-21, 1918, he repeat-
edly passed through shell and machine-gun fire to
locate dangerous enemy positions. Home address,
E. B. Thomson, friend, R. F. D. No. 2, Shoyenne,
BUSH, HERMAN L. . . . First Sergeant
Company B, 102d Machine Gun Battalion. For
extraordinary heroism in action near Verdun,
France, October 25, 1918. Sergt. Bush, learning
that an officer was lying wounded in both legs in a
zone of heavy machine-gun fire, immediately left
a position of shelter, went to his aid, and succeeded
in bringing the officer back to a place of safety.
Home address, Mrs. Esther Bush, mother, 117
Elmo Street, Dorchester, Mass.
BUSHING, GEORGE A Private
Company G, 118th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Brancourt, France, October
8, 1918. Pvt. Bushing observed a severely wound-
ed soldier about 100 yards from his post on a sunken
road heavily shelled by artillery and machine-gun
enfilading fire. Pvt. Bushing voluntarily went out
and carried this soldier to a place of safety. Home
address, Dick Bushing, Plainfield, Iowa.
BUSHNELL, THEODORE K. ....
Second Machine Gun Battalion. For extra-
ordinary heroism in action near Fleville, France,
October 5, 1918. Lieut. Bushnell showed except-
ional bravery by remaining with his platoon after
being wounded. He refused evacuation until he
received a second wound, the nature of which de-
manded his immediate return to the rear. Home
address, Geo. A. Bushnell, father, 1361 Fillmore
Street, Denver, Colo.
BUSK, J. R Second Lieutenant
38th Infantry. For extraordinary heroism in ac-
tion east of Chateau-Thierry, France, June 17, 1918.
Despite the coldness of the water, the swiftness of
the current, and the presence of the enemy on the
opposite bank, Lieutenant Busk completed a per-
sonal reconnaissance of the enemy's position by
swimming the River Marne, after which he took a
patrol across the river in boats, and obtained valu-
able information regarding the movements of the
enemy. Home address, Ferd T. Bush, father, 301
Produce Exchange, New York City.
BUTCHER, GEORGE S Captain
Deceased, lllth Machine Gun Battalion. For
extraordinary heroism in action near Verdun,
France, October 27, 1918. Hearing a call for help
from a neighboring platoon of another company,
whose men were all casualties, Capt. Butcher
quickly made his way there, manned the guns, and
kept up a steady fire until he was himself killed by
a shell. His action was purely voluntary; but,
realizing the necessity of opening fire immediately,
he disregarded his own safety in order to protect
others, displaying the most heroic self-sacrifice.
Next of kin, Mr. Charles R. Butcher, father, 201
Bellevue Avenue, Upper Montclair, N. J.
BUTCHER, ORA LEE Private
Company M, 356th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action in the Bois de Mort Mare, near
Flarey, France, September 12, 1918. Pvt. Butcher,
on duty as an observer at battalion headquarters,
twice volunteered to carry important messages
from his battalion commander to company com-
manders. In so doing he passed through heavy
barrages. Home address, Mrs. Bettie Butcher,
mother, R. F. D. 2, Pattonsburg, Mo.
BUTCHER, THOMAS W. . . . Corporal
Company C, 359th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Villers-devant-Dun, France,
November 2,1918. Having been wounded in the
back by a machine-gun bullet, Corpl. Butcher led
his squad through heavy machine-gun fire, cap-
turing three guns and capturing or killing all of the
crews. Home address, L. M. Butcher, father, 1825
Fairmont Avenue, Fort Worth, Tex.
BUTLER, CHARLIE Private
Machine Gun Company, 371st Infantry. For
extraordinary heroism in action near Ardeuil,
France, September 29, 1918. With three other
soldiers, Pvt. Butler crawled 200 yards ahead of our
lines under violent machine-gun fire and rescued
an officer who was lying mortally wounded in a
shell hole. Home address, Amanda Butler, mother,
BUTLER, EMORY L Corporal
Company K, 119th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Bellicourt, France, Septem-
ber 29, 1918. Becoming separated from his platoon
during the advance, he continued 500 yards beyond
the objective, and, although there were several en-
emy machine-guns near him, he went to a dugout
and forced the 35 occupants to come out and surren-
der. He was soon joined by other members of his
platoon and aided in cleaning out other nearby dug-
outs, displaying absolute disregard of danger. Home
address, Mrs. Sallie M. Butler, mother, R. F. D. 1,
Landis, N. C.
BUTLER, JAMES S Sergeant
Company F, 103d Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Verdun, France, November
3, 1918. While leading a daylight patrol into the
Bois Moirey to ascertain the enemy's position,
Sergt. Butler volunteered and advanced alone into
a machine-gun nest to draw fire. He went forward
until fired upon by enemy machine guns and snipers.
He then crawled back and reported the position of
the enemy to his battalion commander. Home ad-
dress, Louis Butler, father, Keene, N. H.
BUTLER, RICHARD Private
Deceased. Company D, 102d Machine Gun
Battalion. For extraordinary heroism in action
near Marcheville, France, September 26, 1918. Pvt.
Butler volunteered to accompany a party whose
mission was to bomb a hostile machine-gun em-
placement. Under heavy shell fire he approached
to within 30 feet of the emplacement, when he was
fired upon from loopholes in a stone wall. Working
his way behind the wall, this courageous soldier en-
filaded the enemy with rifle fire and effected their
capture. While he was disarming prisoners he was
shot and mortally wounded. Next of kin, Mrs.
Johanna Butler, 178 East Street, New Haven, Conn.
BUTLER, WILLIAM Sergeant
Company L, 369th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Maison de Champagne,
France, August 18, 1918. Sergt. Butler broke up a
German raiding party which had succeeded in
entering our trenches and capturing some of our
men. With an automatic rifle he killed four of the
raiding party and captured or put to flight the re-
mainder of the invaders. Home address, Mrs.
Jennie Butler, 403 Water Street, Salisbury, Md.
BUTTERFIELD, CLARK .... Sergeant
Company B, 13th Machine Gun Battalion. For
extraordinary heroism in action near Cunel, France,
October 14, 1918. Leaving his shelter in a shallow
machine-gun emplacement, and accompanying an
officer, Sergt. Butterfield ventured forth through a
most intense fire, to the aid of a wounded officer,
and assisted in carrying him a distance of 170 yards
to safety. Home address, Miss Elizabeth Butter-
field, sister, 513 Nicollet Street, Minneapolis, Minn.
BUTTERFIELD, OLIN J. . . . Corporal
Company C, 6th Machine Gun Battalion, U. S.
M. C. For extraordinary heroism in action near
St. Etienne, France, October 3, 1918. When our
advance infantry was forced to withdraw, Corpl.
Butterfield's machine-gun crew refused to with-
draw, but calmly set up their machine gun. The
gun was upset by a bursting hand grenade, which
also injured Corpl. Butterfield and another member
of the squad. Despite their injuries they immediate-
ly reset the gun and opened fire on the advancing
Germans when 20 feet distant, causing the Germans
to break and retreat in disorder. Home address,
Caroline Butterfield, mother, 1112 Ogden Street,
BYAM, OLIVER P. . . Second Lieutenant
Deceased. 7th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Cunel Heights, France, Octo-
ber 11, 1918. Upon his own initiative Lieutenant
Byam moved his machine-gun platoon through
heavy artillery and machine-gun fire 400 meters in
advance of the front line and from there opened fire
DISTINGUISHED SERVICE CROSS
on the enemy, who was holding up our advance, dis-
playing exceptional bravery in holding this position
against several hostile attacks. This officer was
later killed by machine-gun fire while leading a pat-
rol to the enemy's line. Next of kin, O. L. Byam,
father, Sioux Rapids, Iowa.
BYINGTON, RUSSELL P.
. . . .Private (First Class)
Company I, 105th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action east of Ronssoy, France, Septem-
ber 29, 1918. During the operations against the
Hindenburg line, he was wounded early in the action
but continued to advance with his company, and
declined to go to the rear for medical treatment.
Later in the engagement he was killed by a machine-
gun bullet. His gallantry and bravery and ab-
solute disregard for his personal safety was a
splendid example to all ranks. Home address, Dr.
C. P. Byington, father, 37 Croton Avenue, Ossin-
ing, N. Y.
BYRD, DANIEL B. . . . First Lieutenant
Company F, 119th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Escaufourt, France, October
10, 1918. Leading a small detachment under heavy
fire, while the regiment was making an advance, he
encountered stiff resistance which threatened to
cut his detachment from the main line. By his
utter disregard of the great danger, and the prompt
placing of his automatic rifles, he made it possible
for his detachment to return to the lines. He was
wounded by shrapnel, but he remained with the
men until ordered to the rear by his commanding
officer. Home address, W. J. Byrd, brother,
Fayetteville, N. C.
BYRD, MACK C First Sergeant
Company D, 2d Engineers. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Bois de Belleau, France,
June 3, 1918. Although badly wounded and suffer-
ing intense pain, Sergt. Byrd refused evacuation,
remaining and assisting his commanding officer
throughout the operations. Home address, Frank
W. Byrd, brother, Zeigler Street, Winston-Salem,
BYRD, WOODIE E Bugler
Company E, 116th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Samogneux, France, October
15, 1918. This soldier displayed notable bravery
in successfully carrying messages to the right
flank of his company after four other soldiers had
been killed or wounded in attempting to carry out
this mission. Home address, L. R. Byrd, Portner-
BYRNE, JAMES J Private
Company D, 115th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Bois de Consenvoye, France,
October 10, 1918. While the advance of his platoon
was being held up by machine-gun fire from a tree,
Pvt. Byrne made his way through heavy and con-
stant fire, to a position from which he was able to
kill the gunner and rout the remainder of the enemy.
His valiant action made possible the further ad-
vance of his platoon without serious loss. Home
address, Mrs. Bessie Byrne, mother, 127 West Lee
Street, Baltimore, Md.
BYRNS, ROBERT A.
107th Infantry. For extraordinary heroism in
action near Venduille, France, September 29, 1918.
Lieut. Byrns, although himself wounded, reorgan-
ized his company after the captain was killed and
led it forward in the face of intense machine-gun
fire until he was wounded a second time. His
splendid courage and gallant conduct set an in-
spiring example to all ranks. Home address, Mrs.
R. L. Jaques, sister, Lafayette, Ind.
BYRON, THOMAS F Sergeant
Company C, 102d Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near St. Hilaire, France, Septem-
ber 22, 1918. Assisted by another soldier Sergt.
Byron rushed a machine-gun nest, which had been
firing on their patrol. They succeeded in killing
the crew. Home address, Mrs. H. Grennier, sister,
122 South View Street, Waterbury, Conn.
BYRUM, JOHN C First Sergeant
C9mpany E, 120th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Bellicourt, France, Septem-
ber 29, 1918. Although he was wounded at the
very start of the attack, Sergt. Byrum continued
with the advance, reorganizing scattered units and
leading them back to the lines. Later his arm was
shot off, but he steadfastly refused evacuation until
loss of blood so weakened him that he was taken
to the rear. Home address, Mrs. K. E. Byrum,
mother, Edenton, N. C.
CABLE, ROBERT B.
Company M, 117th Infantry. For repeated acts
of extraordinary heroism in action near Monbrebain
and Busigny, France, October 7-17, 1918. Leading
two platoons of his company, after the officers had
become casualties, Sergt. Cable effectively cleared
the ground on the right flank of the company of ma-
chine-gun nests, capturing two guns. Later in the
day he took command of the company, when no
officers remained with it, and continued to be in
charge for a week, in which time he led his own
men in six attacks, inspiring them by his fearlessness.
On October 9 he led an attack on the town of
Busigny, charging across an open field in the face
of heavy machine-gun fire from the houses of the
village and clearing the town of the enemy. This
gallant soldier was later wounded while leading two
platoons against an enemy machine-gun nest.
Home address. James A. Cable, Maryville, Tenn.
CADDLE, JAMES Private
Company B, 308th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Ville Savoye, France,
August 23-25, 1918. Pvt. Caddie, a battalion run-
ner, displayed exceptional bravery in carrying
numerous messages under heavy artillery fire to
the front line positions, crossing the Vesle River
and proceeding for more than a kilometer in plain
view of the enemy, over terrain which was contin-
ually bombarded with gas and high explosive
shells. Home address, Mrs. Walter J. Caddie,
mother, 61 West 98th Street, New York, N. Y.
CAGLE, THOMAS G. . Private (First Class)
Deceased. Company L, 117th Infantry. For
extraordinary heroism in action near Poncheaux,
France, October 7, 1918. When part of the line
had been halted by heavy fire from three machine-
gun nests, Pvt. Cagle and Corpl. George W. Spears,
armed only with rifles and bayonets, rushed the
nearest hostile position, and, of the crew of six, kill-
ed three and put the remainder to flight. Being
unable to advance on two other guns because of
their heavy fire, these two soldiers then opened fire
with their rifles and forced the remainder of the
crew of approximately 12 to abandon the position,
after two of their number had been killed and two
wounded. Pvt. Cagle was wounded in this action,
but he declined to be evacuated, and shortly after-
wards was killed. Next of kin, Mrs. Addie Cagle,
wife, Lenoir City, Tenn.
CAHILL, HARRY F Captain
18th Infantry. For extraordinary heroism in
action near Soissons, France, July 18-22, 1918. He
was at all times regardless of personal safety and
commanded successively a platoon, a company,
and a battalion, carrying again and again his com-
mand through heavy fire to all assigned objectives
by sheer leadership and personal example. With a
very small force he successfully organized and held
valuable information concerning the enemy posi-
tions. Home address, Mrs. Katherine Callahan,
mother, Drisbane, Skibbereen, County Cork,
CALLARD, ARTHUR Private
Company A, 23d Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near St. Etienne-Aux-arnes,
France, October 3, 1918. While on duty as a com-
pany runner Pvt. Callard carried a message
through two barrages to regimental commanders.
a wide front under intense bombardment and
against the pressure of enemy infantry. Home ad-
dress, Mrs. Mary Cahill, mother, 61 South Fuller-
ton, Avenue, Montclair, N. J.
CAHILL, WILLIAM J Private
Company D, 59th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Bois de la Cote Lemont,
France, October 3, and the Bois de Fay, France,
October 9, 1918. On October 3, while acting in the
capacity of company runner, Pvt. Cahill carried
messages to two platoons of his company, through
a heavy fire of machine guns and snipers. He
successfully delivered the messages, after crawling
for a distance of 400 yards. On October 9, in com-
pany with one other runner, he delivered messages
to a platoon which was engaged in combat liaison
duty in the Bois de Fay, passing through a severe
artillery fire while in the execution of this mission.
Home address, Mrs. Agnes Cahill, wife, 26 Stack-
pole Street, Lowell, Mass.
CAIN, CHARLES Corporal
Company D, 165th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Landres et St. Georges,
France, October 15, 1918. Volunteering for the
mission, Corporal Cain exposed himself in the open
to heavy shell and machine-gun fire to obtain am-
munition for his company, after all on hand had
been exhausted. He made repeated trips over the
battlefield to gather ammunition from the bodies of
the dead, until his entire company had been sup-
plied. Home address, Miss A. Cain, sister, 3 Moody
Street, Waltham, Mass.
CAIN, JAMES S Sergeant
Company C, 5th Machine Gun Battalion. For
extraordinary heroism in action near Meadah Farm,
France, October 4-6, 1918. Accompanied by
another soldier, Sergt. Cain left the shelter of his
trench under heavy shell fire to render assistance
to soldiers buried by the explosion of a shell. Short-
ly after he left cover again to go to the assistance
of other members of his section wounded by shell
fire. On October 6 he was wounded by machine-
gun fire in the performance of his duty. Home ad-
dress, Mrs. Elizabeth F. Ryan, sister, 126 Oakwood,
Avenue, Troy, N. Y.
CAIN, LYLE B Private
Company K, 38th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Fismes, France, August 10,
1918. Pvt. Cain, with one other soldier, volunteer-
ed and went to the rescue of a wounded man from
another regiment and returned through heavy
machine-gun and shell fire, bringing the wounded
man to his own trench. Home address, Roy B.
Cain, father, 843 Methon Street, Wenatchie, Wash.
CAIN, ROBERT S Captain
lllth Infantry. For extraordinary heroism in the
Boid de Chateau Diable, west of Fismettes, August
11-12, 1918. Armed with a Chauchat rifle, he per-
sonally led the advance elements of the line, driv-