5, 1918. Private Harris was a member of a small
detachment of engineers which went out in advance
of the front line of the infantry through an enemy
barrage from 77 millimeters and one pounder guns
to construct a footbridge over the River Vesle. As
soon as their operations were discovered machine-
gun fire was opened up on them, but, undaunted,
the party continued at work, removing the German
wire entanglements and completing a bridge which
was of great value in subsequent operations. Home
address, John Steven Harris, General Delivery,
HARRIS, WILLIAM L Corporal
Deceased. Company E, 101st Infantry. For ex-
traordinary heroism in action near St. Remy,
France, September 13, 1918. While acting as a run-
ner, between company and battalion headquarters,
under terrific shell fire, Corporal Harris carried mes-
sages without regard to personal danger, until
struck and killed by a shell. Next of kin, Mrs.
Jennie J. Harris, 61 Wentworth Street, Maiden,
HARSSELL, GEORGE J. . Private (First class)
Deceased. Company C, 1 1 1th Machine Gun Bat-
talion. For extraordinary heroism in action near
Verdun, France, October 12, 1918. By encouraging
his comrades and rendering valuable aid to the
wounded, Private Harssell succeeded greatly in re-
taining the morale of those about him, during an al-
most continued rain of shells. Even after being
severely wounded by shrapnel, he attempted to re-
tain the spirit by singing. After being relieved to a
hospital he died. Next of kin, Mrs. Nellie Harssell,
stepmother, 250 Railroad Avenue, Jersey City, N. J.
HART, CLAUDE V Sergeant
Company M, 168th Infantry. In action near
Sergy, France, July 28, 1918, he coolly and with
utter disregard of danger led his platoon against
enemy machine-gun emplacements. Four of the
foe were captured, together with their two ma-
chine-guns, which he turned and operated on the
retreating Germans until he was severely wounded.
Home address, R. B. Hart, Cherokee, Iowa.
HART, JACK S First Lieutenant
6th Machine Gun Battalion, U. S. M. C. For ex-
traordinary heroism in action near Thiaucourt,
France, September 15, 1918. Acting as company
commander, Lieutenant Hart advanced with the first
wave of infantry to locate favorable positions for
his gun. He discovered an enemy machine-gun
which he alone attacked, and although severely
wounded, succeeded in capturing the gun and tak-
ing the crew prisoners. Home address, John M.
Hart, father, Weatherford, Texas.
HART, SAMUEL C. . Private (First Class)
Deceased. Company G, 119th Infantry. For
extraordinary heroism in action near Bellicourt,
France, September 29, 1918. After having been
seriously wounded in the arm which caused much
pain and loss of blood, Private Hart continued to
advance, carrying a Lewis gun and pouring an effec-
tive fire into the ranks of the enemy until he was
killed in the attack. Next of kin, Samuel B. Hart,
father, R. F. D. 3, Mooresville, N. C.
HARTLEY, PAUL L Private
Company L, 118th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Montbrehain, France, Octo-
ber 8, 1918. After practically all of the other mem-
bers of his squad had become casualties, Private
Hartley maintained an effective fire with his auto-
matic rifle from an advanced position and thereby
protected his platoon. He was twice buried by ex-
ploding shells, but each time he dug himself out and
resumed firing immediately. After his ammuni-
tion was exhausted he rushed forward with his
empty gun and forced 20 of the enemy to surrender.
Home address, George M. Hartley, father, Browns-
ville, S. C.
HARTMAN, GUY L. . . First Lieutenant
6th Infantry. For extraordinary heroism in ac-
tion near Frapelle, France, August 17, 1918. After
having been painfully wounded LieutenantHartman
refused to go to the rear for treatment. He made
his way through a heavy barrage, and brought up a
platoon that was stopped by heavy fire. Some time
later, after having his wound dressed he conducted
his brigade commander through a heavily gassed
area, after which he remained constantly on duty
until relieved. Home address, Mrs. Sally Agnes
Hartman, wife, St. Pauls, N. C.
HARTMAN, MIKE A. First Sergeant
Company I, 314th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Montfaucon, France, Sep-
tember 27, 1918. Sergeant Hartman advanced
alone, and silenced a machine-gun nest which was
holding up an entire platoon. Home address, Mrs.
Margaret Hartman, mother, Brooklyn, N. Y.
HARTMAN, WILLIAM A. Sergeant (First Class)
Company F, 107th Engineers. He was a member
of a patrol sent out from the battalion post of com-
mand at midnight, August 4, 1918, to reconnoiter
the Vesle River front, near Fismes, France, for the
material for making structures. Despite heavy ar-
tillery and machine-gun fire that forced the pa-
trol to scatter and separated him from the Lieuten-
ant in charge, he continued the work on his own ini-
tiative, and, acting entirely without orders, started
his detail on the actual construction of rafts for the
pontoon bridges. His courage, ability as a leader,
and his inflexible determination made the reconnais-
sance a complete success. Home address, Mrs.
Olga Hartman, mother, Wauwatosa, Wis.
HARTNEY, HAROLD E Major
Air Service, 1st Pursuit Group. For extraordin-
ary heroism in action near Fismes, France, August
13, 1918. Major Hartney voluntarily accompanied
a reconnaissance patrol. Realizing the importance
of the mission, Major Hartney took command, and,
although five enemy planes repeatedly made at-
tempts to drive them back, he continued into enemy
territory, returning later to our lines with important
information. The cool judgment and determina-
tion displayed by Major Hartney furnished an in-
spiration to all the members of his command. Home
address, Mrs. Harold E. Hartney, 1858 California
Street, Washington, D. C.
HARTUNG, JOHN A Sergeant
Deceased. Company B, 354th Infantry. For
extraordinary heroism in action near Remonville,
France, November 1, 1918. While leading his com-
bat group forward, Sergeant Hartung encountered
a machine-gun stronghold, which opened fire on his
force from three sides. He charged the guns to the
front, but he was killed on reaching the line. His
valorous act, however, enabled his men to break the
line and take the flanking guns, thereby saving
many casualties in his platoon. Next of kin, Mrs.
Anna E. Hartung, mother, Quincy, 111.
HARTWELL, ALBERT S Private
U. S. Ambulance Service. From March 20 to
23, 1918, he repeatedly drove his ambulance over a
road east of Rheims, France, that was under bom-
bardment of gas and explosive shells. Upon one
occasion, while cranking his car, he was knocked
several yards, by the explosion of a shell, yet he con-
tinued his work. Another day his car was hit by a
shell and badly damaged, and he himself was sev-
erely wounded in the head and both legs. In spite
of his wounds he carried a wounded man, who was
in the ambulance, to a place of safety, made him
comfortable, and then crawled to a dressing station
for assistance. Home address, Mrs. Pauline N.
Hartwell, 16 Rue Pomereu, Paris, France.
HARWOOD, BENJAMIN P. . First Lieutenant
Field Artillery. For extraordinary heroism in
action near Chateau-Thierry, France, July 5, 1918.
Lieutenant Harwood volunteered with another
plane to protect a photograph plane. In the course
of their mission they were attacked by seven planes
(Fokker type). Lieutenant Harwood accepted the
combat and kept the enemy engaged while the
photographic plane completed its mission. His
guns jammed and he himself was seriously wounded.
After skillfully clearing his guns, with his plane bad-
ly damaged, he fought off the hostile planes and en-
abled the photographic plane to return to our lines
with valuable information. Home address, E. N.
Harwood, father, Billings, Mont.
HARWOOD, FRANK M Private
1st Battalion, 9th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Blanc Mont Ridge, France,
October 3-9, 1918. While acting as battalion run-
ner, Private Harwood, regardless of personal dan-
ger, many times volunteered and carried messages
under the most intense shell fire, and greatly as-
sisted in maintaining liaison with other units.
Home address, Mrs. Myra Harwood, mother, 600
Massachusetts Avenue, Arlington, Mass.
HARWOOD, RALPH W. . Second Lieutenant
102d Infantry. For extraordinary heroism in
action near Verdun, France, October 23-29, 1918.
Throughout the action from October 23 to 28 Lieut-
enant Harwood set a splendid example of cour-
age and heroism to his company in action against
overwhelming odds. On October 29, upon learning
that four of his men were in shell holes in front
of the line and near the enemy's position and were
BO badly wounded that they could not return with-
out assistance, he crawled forward and rescued the
four men, one at a time, bringing them back to our
lines through a constant and terrific machine-gun
fire. Home address, P. M. Harwood, father, room
136, State House, Boston, Mass.
HASKEW, EDWARD D Wagoner
Ambulance Company No. 33, 4th Sanitary Train.
For extraordinary heroism in action between Sept-
sarges and Fromerville, France, October 6, 1918.
He was on duty with his ambulance, carrying
wounded from a battalion aid station. He left
with four stretcher cases and went about two kilo-
meters south of Gercourt; while ascending a hill his
ambulance was struck by a shell, he receiving mul-
tiple shell wounds of hands, left thigh, and feet.
Although seriously wounded, he bravely remained
at his post and continued on with his ambulance
along a shell-swept road to the crest of the hill near
an aid station, when he turned his ambulance off the
road and sought assistance for his wounded. Home
address, Mrs. Walter Haskew, mother, Gladstone,
HASKINS, CLIFFORD R. . . . Wagoner
Company B, 101st Machine Gun Battalion. For
extraordinary heroism in action near Trugny,
France, July 22, 1918. He was seriously wounded
in the leg while placing injured soldiers in his am-
bulance. Nevertheless, he insisted on driving the
machine to the dressing station and continued the
work of evacuating the wounded until exhausted
from loss of blood. Home address, Mrs. M. L.
Haskins, mother, Elmwood, Conn.
HASLETT, ELMER R Captain
Air Service. For extraordinary heroism in ac-
tion near Montfaucon, France, September 28, 1918.
While on an artillery surveillance mission Captain
Haslett engaged four enemy planes which were
about to attack the American balloon line. He
succeeded in diverting them from the balloons, but
in the combat his machine-guns became jammed.
Driving off his nearest adversary by firing a Very
pistol at him he succeeded in clearing the jam and,
returning to the fight, he destroyed one hostile
plane and dispersed the remainder of the group.
Home address, Mrs. J. F. Haslett, mother, Carters-
HASSARD, ROBERT J Corporal
Company E, 9th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Vierzy, France, July 18,
1918. He led his squad in the attack with con-
spicuous bravery and utter disregard for his own
safety. Although wounded three times, he refused
to go to the rear for medical attenti9n and remain-
ed at his post on the firing line until his company
was relieved the following night. Throughout the
fight he rendered valuable assistance to his platoon
leader, assisted in reorganizing the company after
the attack and in preparing the position for the
counterattack. Home address, Mrs. Mary E. Has-
sard, mother, 233 West 122nd second Street, New
HASSEBROOK, WILLIAM M. . . Private
Machine Gun Company, llth Infantry. For
extraordinary heroism in action near Brandeville,
DISTINGUISHED SERVICE CROSS
France, November 8, 1918. Wounded in the leg by
shrapnel, Private Hassebrook continued in the ad-
vance, carrying his machine-gun. Soon afterward
he was knocked down and again wounded in the
same leg, but, although he was ordered to a dress-
ing station, he succeeded in joining his gun crew at
the firing position, where he was wounded severely
for the third time. Home address, Mrs. Dora
Hassebrook, stepmother, Holstein, Mo.
HASSIG, ALBERT U. . . First Lieutenant
358th Infantry. For extraordinary heroism in
action between Fey-en-Haye and Vilcey, France,
September 12, 1918. Although he was severely
wounded, he refused to go to a first-aid station, but
continued to give great assistance in silencing enemy
machine-gun nests. Home address, J. J. Hassig,
father, Ellwood City, Pa.
HASSLER, RUDOLPH P Sergeant
Company K, 362d Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action at Gesnes, France, September 29,
1918. Although he was seriously wounded, Ser-
geant Hassler remained in command of his platoon
until he was relieved next morning, displaying ex-
ceptional devotion to duty. Home address, Mrs.
Mathilda Hassler, mother, R. F. D. 1, Luverne,
HATCH, BENJAMIN T. JR. ... Sergeant
Company E, 116th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action north of Hamogneux, France,
October 15, 1918. When his company was sub-
jected to deadly machine-gun fire from two hostile
nests, Sergeant Hatch, upon his own initiative, or-
ganized an attacking group and led it in an assault
on the machine-gun nest, putting them out of ac-
tion and making it possible for the further advance
of his company. Home address, Benjamin T.
Hatch, father, Dispotanda, Va.
HATCH, CARL T. . . . Second Lieutenant
317th Infantry. For extraordinary heroism in
action near Nantillois, France, October 4, 1918.
Seriously wounded in both knees while leading his
platoon against German machine-gun nests, Lieut-
enant Hatch declined to be evacuated, but remained
in command of his platoon for nine hours, until it
was relieved. Home address, William Benjamin
Hatch, father, Cecil Apartments, Eutaw Street,
HATCH, SIDNEY . . . Private (First Class)
Headquarters Company, 132d Infantry. For
extraordinary heroism in action near Brieulles,
France, October 11, 1918. After being wounded by
a shell which buried him in a small hole, Private
Hatch made a trip to battalion headquarters, carry-
ing a message from his platoon, and after returning
with an answer, assisted in carrying ammunition
until the sergeant discovered that he had been
wounded and sent him to the aid station. Home ad-
dress, Mrs. E. Hatch, mother, 237 Park Avenue,
River Forest, 111.
HATCHER, SAMUEL H.
Company B, 117th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Bellicourt, France, Septem-
ber 29, 1918. During the very thickest of the fight-
ing, Private Hatcher, assisted by another soldier,
attacked two enemy machine-gun positions, killing
the gunners and capturing the guns, thus allowing
the further advance of his company. Home ad-
dress, Thomas Hatcher, father, route 2, Walland,
HATLER, M. WALDO .... Sergeant
Company B, 356th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Pouilly, France, November
8, 1918. While a member of a patrol sent to recon-
noiter the banks of the Meuse River, when all means
of crossing the river had been destroyed, Sergeant
Hatler and another soldier volunteered to swim
across, though the other bank was held in force by
the enemy. His companion was seized with a cramp
caused by the cold water, and drowned, but Ser-
geant Hatler continued on; and, after securing the
information desired, swam back again, and made
his report. Home address, Troy C. Hatler, father,
General Delivery, Neosha, Mo.
HAUMANT, MARCEL AUGUSTE EDOUARD
Marechal, French Army
For extraordinary heroism in action near Dan-
court, France, September 15, 1918. While recon-
noitering near the Bois des Hante, Epines, Marechal
Haumant led his platoon in an attack on a hostile
strong point and captured ten prisoners. Home
address not given.
HAUBRICH, ROBERT Major
166th Infantry. For extraordinary heroism in
action near Sedan, France, November 7, 1918.
Personally leading his battalion, which was the
assault battalion, in the advance upon Sedan, Major
Haubrich exposed himself many times to intense
machine-gun and heavy artillery fire, in order to
keep contact with the enemy, greatly encouraging
all the members of his command by his gallantry.
Later in the day he was wounded but he contin-
ued on duty until two hours later, when he had his
wounds dressed at the first-aid station, resuming
command immediately afterward. Home address,
Mrs. R. Haubrich, wife, 534 Twelfth Avenue, Col-
HAUSMANN, WILLIAM L.
Company A, 4th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Grand Ballois Farm, France.
July 14-15, 1918. Under a heavy gas and shell
bombardment Private Hausmann repeatedly vol-
unteered and delivered messages over routes other
than his own when the runners assigned to those
routes had been killed or wounded. Home address,
Mrs. K. M. Hausmann, mother, St. Helena, Nebr.
HAUSS, ALBERT M Private
Company I, 28th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Soissons, France, July 19,
1918. With the aid of two men he charged and cap-
tured a German machine gun. Home address, Mrs.
Sarah Hauas, mother, 704 Summit Avenue, East
St. Louis, 111.
HAVEN, CHESTER Private
Company B, 1st Engineers. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Exermont, France, October
9, 1918. Upon his own initiative, Private Haven,
with another soldier, displayed notable courage in
attacking two machine guns which were hindering
the advance. Undaunted by the heavy machine-
gun fire, they poured deadly rifle fire upon the
enemy gunners and forced them to flee toward our
attacking troops, who captured them. Home ad-
dress, Alfred R. Haven, father, Woodburn, Ore.
HAVERFIELD, JAMES G. . . . Sergeant
Company G, 145th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Olsene, Belgium, October
31, 1918. Sergeant Haverfield advanced alone
under heavy machine-gun fire and killed two and
captured three, also two machine-guns of the
enemy, who were delivering effective machine-gun
fire on the attacking wave of his company and de-
laying its progress. Home address, W. H. Haverfield,
father, New London, Ohio.
HAWIE, ASHAD . . . Private (First Class)
Company F, 167th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Landres-et-St. Georges,
France, October 16, 1918. Private Hawie, as com-
pany runner, without hesitation or fear of fire from
heavy artillery and machine-guns, made repeated
trips with messages between company and battal-
ion headquarters. On one trip he was attacked by
two Germans, one of whom he killed. Taking the
other prisoner, he continued on his mission and
turned his prisoner over to the battalion command-
er after delivering his message. Home address, Mrs.
Mattie H. Hawie, mother, Jackson, Miss.
HAWKE, FREDERICK J. . . . Sergeant
Company L, 325th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near St. Juvin, France, October
15, 1918. When his company was temporarily
held up by severe machine-gun fire, Sergeant Hawke
led a patrol in an attack on an enemy machine-gun,
working his way behind the gun and rushing it,
killing one of the crew, wounding another and tak-
ing three prisoners. Home address, William Hawke,
brother, East Greenwich, R. I.
HAWKINS, PAUL G Sergeant
Machine Gun Company, 119th Infantry. For
extraordinary heroism in action near Bellicourt,
France, September 28-29, 1918. As a platoon
runner, he showed marked personal bravery, re-
peatedly carrying important messages over shell
swept areas, and under heavy machine-gun fire
sometimes for a distance of two miles, and, when
his section leader became separated from his sec-
tion, took command and led it with success. Home
address, John C. Hawkins, father, Kinston, N. C.
HAWKINS, WILLIAM S. . First Lieutenant
107th Infantry. For extraordinary heroism in
action near St. Souplet, France, France, October
17-18, 1918. Acting as liaison officer during the
forcing of the La Selle River, Lieutenant Hawkins
was severely wounded by an exploding shell. Un-
deterred by the weakened condition to which his
wound reduced him, he bravely continued on,
working untiringly under heavy shell and machine-
gun fire, for two days until the advance of his bat-
talion was checked. Home address, Eugene M.
Hawkins, brother, 16 North Fourteenth Street,
Flushing, Long Island, N. Y.
HAWKS, EMERY Sergeant
Deceased. Company E, 125th Infantry. For
extraordinary heroism in action near Romagne,
France, October 8, 1918. He led his platoon after
his Lieutenant had been killed and when the ad-
vance was held up by intense machine-gun fire,
fearlessly exposed himself in going in advance of his
men to rescue a wounded soldier, being killed while
administering first-aid treatment to him. Next of
kin, Charles L. Hawks, father, 1993 East Jefferson
Avenue, Detroit, Mich.
HAWS, EDWARD H Private
96th Company, 6th Regiment, U. S. M. C. For
extraordinary heroism in action near Blanc Mont,
France, October 2-9, 1918. Throughout eight days
of fighting, Private Haws fearlessly and tirelessly
carried messages between his company and battal-
ion headquarters, through heavy machine-gun and
artillery fire. Home address, Edward Haws,
father, 1240 West Hazzard Street, Philadelphia, Pa.
HAYES, CASEY H Major
10th Field Artillery. For extraordinary heroism
in action at Greves Farm, France, July 15, 1918.
Major Hayes, then on duty as battalion adjutant,
assumed command during the absence of the bat-
talion commander. Communication between bat-
talion headquarters and the batteries had been cut
off by an enemy bombardment of the greatest in-
tensity, but this officer, in entire disregard for his
own safety, went to each battery position and gave
orders, the execution of which aided materially in
stopping the German advance at a critical moment.
Home address, Mrs. Casey H. Hayes, wife, Lemon
HAYES, JOSEPH . . . Second Lieutenant
323d Infantry. For extraordinary heroism in
action near Manheulles, France, November 11,
1918. Although severely wounded, Lieutenant
Hayes continued in command of his platoon in an
advance under violent artillery fire until ordered to
the rear by his company commander. Home ad-
dress, Harley W. Russ, Will Street, Haverhill, Mass.
HAYES, MICHAEL J. . . First Lieutenant
Deceased. 306th Infantry. For repeated acts
of extraordinary heroism in action at Bazoches,
France, August 14, 1918, and St. Juvin, France,
October 14, 1918. On August 14 Lieutenant Hayes
led a patrol of five men in broad daylight and with-
out any cover rescued his company commander who
had fallen wounded near a German machine-gun
nest. Failing to find the wounded officer, he crawl-
ed to within 20 yards of the post, attacked it with
great dash and gallantry, inflicting a number of
casualties in spite of heavy fire from enemy ma-
chine guns and hand grenades. On October 14
this officer led his platoon forward into the attack
with energy and courage, in the face of heavy ar-
tillery and machine-gun fire. In the face of direct
fire from enemy machine-guns upon his platoon,
disregarding his own personal safety, he went for-
ward to reconnoiter and find cover for his men from
which to continue the attack. In the performance
of his courageous enterprise he was killed by ma-
chine-gun fire. Next of kin, Mrs. Julia Hayes, mo-
ther, 9214 Empire Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio.
HAYNES, GLENN C Captain
168th Infantry. For extraordinary heroism in
action near Bois de Chatillon, France, October 16,
1918. Captain Haynes, as battalion commander,
distinguished himself by his coolness and leadership
in the attack on Bois de Chatillon and Cote de
Chatillon. When the commanders of his two front-
line companies were put out of action after having
obtained a footing upon the slopes, Captain Haynes
personally took command of the two companies and
in utter disregard for his own safety successfully
led them through heavy artillery, machine-gun,
and rifle fire to their objective. Home address,
Mrs. Mamie L. Haynes, wife, Centreville, Iowa.
HAYNES, WILLIAM Corporal
Company I, 104th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Givry, France, July 20,
1918. Upon learning that a soldier lay wounded in
a shell hole, Corporal Haynes voluntarily left shel-
ter, went through a heavy machine-gun fire and
carried the wounded soldier to the dressing station.
Home address, William J. Haynes, father, 179
Hitchbond Street, Revere, Mass.
HAYS, FRANK K. . . . Second Lieutenant
Pilot, Air Service, 13th Aero Squadron. For ex-
traordinary heroism in action in the region of Cham-