tober 12, 1918. While his company was consolidat-
ing its position, Private Morgan crept out in full
view of the enemy and took up a position in a shell
hole 50 yards from the enemy's lines. He remained
there throughout the day without food of water and
sniped at and killed ten of the enemy. His deadly
aim kept down the observation from the German
lines and enabled his company to carry on the work
of consolidation. Home address, C. A. Morgan, fa-
ther, 500 Wise Street, High Point, N. C.
MORGAN, FRANCIS M. . . First Lieutenant
353d Infantry. For extraordinary heroism in ac-
tion during the Argonne-Meuse offensive, Novem-
ber 1-11, 1918. Although severely wounded, Lieut-
DISTINGUISHED SERVICE CROSS
enant Morgan maintained command of two pla-
toons throughout the offensive, personally leading
patrols through enemy territory and breaking up
enemy resistance on the flanks which were holding
up the advance of his neighboring units. Home ad-
dress, F. A. Morgan, father, Ravenswood, W. Va.
MORGAN, GEORGE Private
Battery C, 151st Field Artillery. For extraordin-
ary heroism in action near Suippes, France, July 15,
1918. While on duty as a runner, carrying a mes-
sage to his battery, Private Morgan fell wounded
before reaching his destination, but in spite of suffer-
ing severe pain he crawled the remainder of the dis-
tance on his hands and knees and delivered the mes-
sage. Home address, .C. H. Morgan, father, 938
York Street, St. Paul, Minn.
MORGAN, JOHN W Corporal
Company D, 9th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Medeah Ferme, France, Oc-
tober 3, 1918. All of his superiors having been killed
by a nest of machine guns, Corporal Morgan t9ok
command of his platoon and, in an extremely diffi-
cult attack, wiped out a nest of five machine guns.
Home address, W. E. Morgan, brother, 3807 De-
coursey Avenue, Latonia, Ky.
MORGAN, HANS E Private
Company B, 47th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Sergy, France, August 1,
1918. After all the other members of his automatic
rifle squad had been wounded and evacuated and he
himself wounded three times, Private Morgan re-
mained at his post, operating his automatic rifle
against a machine-gun nest until his supply of am-
munition was exhausted. He then turned his rifle
over to another squad before being evacuated.
Home address, Hans C. Morgan, Axin, Mich.
MORGAN, VERN A. ... First Lieutenant
355th Infantry. For extraordinary heroism in
action near Beaufort, France, November 4, 1918.
Although he was wounded early in the engagement
by shrapnel, Lieutenant Morgan, after receiving
first-aid treatment, immediately returned to his
company and led it throughout the day. After tak-
ing the town of Beaufort, he pushed on with his
command to its objective through heavy artillery
and machine-gun fire, 40 per cent of his company be-
coming casualties. Home address, C. A. Morgan,
father, 424 Harrison Street, Council Bluffs, Iowa.
MORISON, JAMES H.S. . . First Lieutenant
Medical Corps, attached 117th Infantry. For
extraordinary heroism in action near Bellicourt,
France, September 29,' 1918. After being knocked
unconscious into a shell hole, and although suffer-
ing acutely from the shock, Lieutenant Morison re-
joined his company and continued to care for the
wounded in the open and under intense shell fire.
His respirator having been blown away by the ex-
ploding shell, this mission was rendered much more
precarious by enemy gas shells. He remained at
his first-aid station through an intense barrage which
killed several of the stretcher bearers and helpers nt
this point, evacuating the wounded with great ra-
pidity until he was severely wounded and forced to
be evacuated. Home address, Mrs. Lucile Morison,
wife, Cumberland Gap, Tenn.
MORITZ, MAX F Sergeant
Company A, 4th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Mont St. Pere, France, July
22, 1918. After his platoon had captured a German
field piece in the woods near Mont St. Pere and re-
turned to the town, Sergeant Moritz voluntarily re-
raained behind with a wounded comrade, in a woods
infested by enemy snipers, and after nightfall
brought the wounded man to a place of safety.
Rome address, Mrs. Minnie Moritz, mother, 416
Vine Street. Camden, N. J.
MORNINGSTAR, LEROY . . . Sergeant
Medical Department, 23d Infantry. Sick, gassed,
and stunned by shells, he remained at his post on
duty under heavy fire and bravely assisted in the
succoring of soldiers who had been injured, near
Vaux, France, July 1, 1918. Home address, Mrs.
Elsie Mondorff, sister, 502 Wood Street, St. Peters-
MORPHEW, JOHN E "Sergeant
Company C, 357th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action in the offensive against the St.
Mihiel salient, France, September 12, 1918. This
soldier showed utter fearlessness and bravery of a
high order throughout the drive. He took two ma-
chine-gun nests single-handed, in both cases killing
the gunners and taking the other members of the
crews prisoners. He took 35 prisoners during the
first day, entering dugouts alone and disarming the
occupants. Home address, James A. Morphew,
MORRIS, EDW. M. . . Second Lieutenant
Pilot, Air Service. For extraordinary heroism in
action near Landres-et-St. Georges, France, October
30, 1918. Unable to complete a photographic mis-
sion, owing to motor trouble, Lieutenant Morris,
with his observer, made a reconnaissance behind the
German lines. They dispersed a battalion of enemy
troops, and although twice attacked by enemy pa-
trols, drove them off and each case brought down
one enemy plane. They remained in the air until
their motor failed completely. Home address, Mrs.
Rose Morris, 109 West 129th Street, New York
MORRIS, EFFINGHAM B. Jr. . . Major
313th Infantry. For extraordinary heroism in ac-
tion near Montfaucon, France, September 27, 1918.
Leading his battalion in attack, Major Morris, then
a captain, was painfully wounded in the leg, but
continued in command during the four days' action
that followed. By his persistence in remaining de-
spite his severe wound, Major Morris set an ex-
ample which contributed largely to the success of
the operations. Home address, Mrs. Julia P. Mor-
ris, wife, 225 South Eighth Street, Philadelphia, Pa.
MORRIS, HARLAND D Sergeant
Company H, 60th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Cunel, France, October 15,
1918. Advancing under intense artillery and ma-
chine-gun fire, Sergeant Morris displayed marked
coolness and disregard of danger in personally clear-
ing the right flank of his company of dangerous
snipers. In so doing he was severely- wounded but
he nevertheless reorganized his detachment and held
the position. Home address, O. P. Morris, Sulphur
MORRIS, HUBERT C Sergeant
Company H, 61st Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Dun-sur-Meuse, France, No-
vember 5, 1918. Advancing alone, Sergeant Morris
attacked a machine-gun nest, capturing the entire
crew, and preventing surprise fire on an exposed
flank of his company. Home address, Mrs. Grace
Morris, wife, 111 Viana Street, Anna, 111.
MORRIS, JOHN P Corporal
Company H, lllth Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action at Les Grands Bois Chateau de
Diable, France, August 10, 1918. After his organ-
ization had been compelled to retire in the face of a
strong enemy attack, he made a reconnaissance of
the bed of the Vesle River, and, wading through
water shoulder deep, under heavy machine-gun fire,
made five trips, carrying wounded from the north
bank to a dressing station south of the river. Home
address, E. C. Morris, father, 3121 Powelton
A venue .Philadelphia, Pa.
MORRIS, THOMAS H. . Private (First Class)
316th Infantry. For extraordinary heroism in ac-
tion near Montfaucon, France, September 30, 1918.
Although severely wounded in the thigh, Private
Morris continued to carry messages from the line to
battalion headquarters, exposed at all times to terri-
fic machine-gun fire. Home address, Craddoe T.
Morris, father, 306 School Street, Scranton, Pa.
MORRIS, WILLIAM H. H Major
360th Infantry. For extraordinary heroism in ac-
tion near Villers-devant Dun, France, November 1,
1918. During darkness, he led his battalion in an
attack under heavy artillery and machine-gun fire.
Upon reaching a hill, he exposed himself to heavy
fire to reconnoiter personally the enemy position
and then, although wounded by a machine-gun bul-
let, heroically led his battalion in their advance, re-
fusing to be evacuated, inspiring his men by his per-
sonal courage. Home address, Mrs. William H. H.
Morris, 314 West Duval Street, Germantown, Phila-
MORRISON, HUGH J. V Private
Company K, 107th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action east of Ronssoy, France, Septem-
ber 29, 1918. Private Morrison, with three other
soldiers, went out into an open field under heavy
shell and machine-gun fire and succeeded in carry-
ing back to our lines four seriously wounded men.
Home address, Mrs. Mary Morrison, mother, 6
Glenwood Avenue, Poughkeepsie, N. Y.
MORRISON, JESSE S Sergeant
Headquarters Company, 142d Infantry. For ex-
traordinary heroism in action near Attigny, France,
October 14, 1918. Sergeant Morrison drove a mo-
torcycle through intense artillery fire and assisted in
the rescue of a wounded soldier under machine-gun
fire, driving back with him under intense bombard-
ment to the dressing station. Home address, A. D.
Morrison, father, Moody, Texas.
MORRISON, JOHN . . Second Lieutenant
Deceased. 322d Field Artillery. For extraordi-
nary heroism in action near Molleville Farm,
France, October 14-15, 1918. As liaison officer be-
tween the infantry and artillery he exemplified in
the highest degree the spirit of bravery, devotion to
duty and self-sacrifice. He crawled beyond the
front line in the face of intense machine-gun and ar-
tillery fire, with a telephone strapped on his back, in
order to direct the preparatory fire of the artillery.
On the following day he accompanied the advance
infantry battalion in the attack, and under the most
difficult circumstances established and maintained
liaison with the artillery. In the faithful perfor-
mance of these duties this gallant officer lost his life.
Next 9f kin, Harley J. Morrison, father, 3495
Brookline Avenue, Cincinnati, Ohio.
MORRISON, JULIAN K. . Second Lieutenant
Tank Corps. For extraordinary heroism in ac-
tion in the Bois Quart de Reserve, France, Septem-
ber 12, 1918. Preceding his tanks on foot, Lieuten-
ant Morrison captured a machine-gun nest. Though
he was twice wounded, he continued in action for
two days thereafter. For the following act of ex-
traordinary heroism in action near Very, France,
September 28, 1918, Lieutenant Morrison is
awarded an Oak-Leaf Cluster, to be worn with
the distinguished-service cross: During the at-
tack on Charpentry and theBois de Montrebeau,
he led a platoon of five tanks, directing his tanks
on foot, 400 yards in advance of infantry, under
intense fire. Three of his tanks were put out of
action by artillery fire, but he continued in action
with the remaining two until dark, when he direct-
ed the work of rescuing the crews. Home address,
A. J. Salley, 247 East Broad Street, Statesville,
MORRISON, LYMAN N Private
Company A, 125th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Juvigny, France, August 3,
1918. He displayed marked bravery in repeatedly
carrying messages to the front lines over terrain
swept by intense artillery and machine-gun fire.
Still under heavy fire, he assisted wounded soldiers
he found in exposed positions. His heroism was an
inspiration to those near him. Home address, Sam-
uel A. Morrison, father, 410 Mill Street, Kalamazoo,
MORRISON, OTHO K. . . First Lieutenant
60th Infantry. For extraordinary heroism in ac-
tion near Cunel, France, October 15, 1918; and at
Juvigny, France, November 10, 1918. Lieutenant
Morrison displayed exceptional courage and leader-
ship when, being cut off by the enemy with his bat-
talion command and a small detachment from bat-
talion headquarters, he led patrols and drove off
enemy machine-gunners who had infiltrated to with-
in striking distance of the group. On November 10,
he led his company against the fortified heights of
Juvigny, driving back the enemy for more than a
kilometer. Home address, Mrs. Fannie J. Morri-
son, mother, Gatesville, Texas.
MORRISSEY, EDWARD P. . . . Private
Company C, 302d Engineers. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Bazoches, France, August 25-
26, 1918. Private Morrissey and another soldier
had become separated from their detachment and
were forced to take shelter for five and a half days.
He rescued a wounded soldier from exposure to ma-
chine-gun and shell fire and later attacked a ma-
chine-gun nest in his direct front. In the attack he
killed two of the enemy with hand grenades, and
subsequently returned to our lines, assisting the
wounded comrade to safety. Home address, John
P. Morrissey, father, 41 Greenwood Place, Buffalo,
MORROW, HOWARD H. . Private (First Class)
Deceased. Company F, 115th Infantry. For ex-
traordinary heroism in action near Bois de Consen-
voye, France, October 8, 1918. Going forward
from his own lines through terrific machine-gun and
artillery fire, Private Morrow rescued and brought
to safety a wounded comrade. In the action of the
next few days he was so severely wounded that he
died shortly afterwards. Next of kin, Miss Theresa
Morrow sister. Washington, D. C.
MORROW, WILLIAM M Colonel
7th Infantry. For extraordinary heroism in ac-
tion at Claire Chenes, north of Montfaucon, France,
October 20-21, 1918. On October 20, 1918, when
the Claire Chense had been taken by the troops of
his command and a hostile counterattack had forced
them back over the ground gained in the morning's
fighting, Colonel Morrow at once took personal
command of the battalion engaged in the operations,
reorganized it, and with distinguished gallantry and
inspiring example led his men to a victorious count-
erattack, drove the enemy from the woods, secured
its possession, and consolidated it. On October 21
he again displayed the same qualities of leadership
and personal gallantry in the successful assault on
Hill No. 299. Home address, Mrs. William M. Mor-
row, wife, Box 38, Algonac, Mich.
MORSE, GUY E. . . . Second Lieutenant
Deceased. Observer, 135th Aero Squadron. For
extraordinary heroism in action near Vilcey-sur-
Trey, France, September 12, 1918. Lieutenant
Morse, with First Lieutenant Wilbur C. Sutter, pi-
lot, fearlessly volunteered for the perilous mission
of locating the enemy's advance unit in the rear of
the Hindenburg line. Disregarding the hail of ma-
chine-gun fire and bursting of antiaircraft shells,
they invaded the enemy's territory at low altitude
and accomplished their mission, securing for our
DISTINGUISHED SERVICE CROSS
staff information of the greatest importance. These
two gallant officers at once returned to the lines and
undertook another reconnaissance mission, from
which they failed to returnl. Lieutenant Morse's
body was found and buried by an artillery unit.
Next of kin, Ernest Morse, father, 4328 Harrison
Street, Kansas City, Mo.
MORTON, LAWRENCE A. ....
. . . .Private (First Class)
Company H, 4th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Les Evaux, France, July 10,
1918. After being badly wounded, Private Morton
continued to perform his duties as runner at a relay
post on the front line under heavy machine-gun fire.
Home address, Mrs. Salina Morton, mother, 312
Magee Street, Jeanette, Pa.
MOSELEY, JAMES A. . . First Lieutenant
Deceased. 166th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Suippe, France, July 15,
1918. When two others had failed, one killed and
the other wounded, Lieutenant Moseley left his
shelter during a most intense enemy artillery bom-
bardment, searched for and located a wounded cor-
poral of his platoon, bringing him a distance of more
than 400 yards to safety. Next of kin, Mrs. Anna
Moseley, mother, 56 Douglas Road, Glen Ridge,
MOSES, ELLISON Private
Company C, 371st Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Ardeuil, France, September
30, 1918. After his company had been forced to
withdraw from an advanced position, under severe
machine-gun and artillery fire, this soldier went for-
ward and rescued wounded soldiers, W9rking per-
sistently until all of them had been carried to shel-
ter. Home address, Susan Davis, sister, Box 10, R.
F. D. 1, Mayesville, S. C.
MOSHER, HENRY E Captain
Deceased. 28th Infantry. During a heavy bom-
bardment near Cantigny, France, May 28, 1918, he
displayed heroic conduct and utter disregard of his
own safety while successfully directing the consoli-
dation and defense of the position taken by his com-
mand. After succeeding in the accomplishment of
his task he was struck by enemy fire and killed.
Next of kin, Stiles B. Mosher, father, 54 West Mo-
sher Street, Falconer, N. Y.
MOSKOWITZ, DANIEL .... Private
Company F, 108th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Ronssoy, France, September
28, 1918. Private Moskowitz exhibited exceptional
bravery by leaving shelter and going out into an
open field under heavy machine-gun and shell fire
to rescue wounded soldiers. Home address, Her-
man Moskowitz, father, New York City.
MOSLEY, GAINES Captain
5th Regiment, U. S. M. C. For extraordinary
heroism in action near St. Etienne, France, October
4, 1918. As commander of an assault company,
Captain Mosley displayed exceptional courage in
carrying his line forward during a heavy artillery
and machine-gun barrage. Home address, Mrs.
Hayes Weeks, sister, Aiken, S. C.
MOSS, THOMAS M Private
Company I, 324th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action in Bois de Manheulles, France,
November 9, 1918. With utter disregard for per-
sonal safety, Private Moss went forward under in-
tense machine-gun fire to rescue an officer who had
been mortally wounded. Home address, William
W. Moss, United States Post-Office, Gneiss, N. C.
MOTLEY, FRANK L Corporal
Company M, 139th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Apremont, France, Septem-
ber 29, 1918. When the enemy was counter-attack-
ing, having succeeded in planting machine-guns be-
hind a smoke screen, he advanced with utter disre-
gard of personal danger and jumped into an enemy
machine-gun nest where there were about 15 Ger-
mans. Single-handed, he killed the gunner and
loader, and engaged the remainder of the Germans
until he received help from his platoon. Home ad-
dress, William B. Mitchell, uncle, in care nf Meuller-
Keller Candy Company, St. Joseph, Mo.
MOTLEY, ROBERT E. . . First Lieutenant
Dental Corps, 125th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Chateau-Thierry. France,
July 31-August 7, near Verdun, France, October 14-
16, 1918. Realizing the need of medical attention
at the front, Lieutenant Motley went beyond the
scope of his duties as dentist by advancing with the
infantry and establishing and maintaining dressing
station with the leading elements of his command.
For seven days, from July 31 to August 7, he safely
evacuated many patients by his prompt and fear-
less action. He again volunteered and went for-
ward in the attack of October 14-16, and on the lat-
ter date, carried a message back to the supply offi-
cer, requesting food for the men. Although wound-
ed and badly gassed, he accomplished his mission,
refusing evacuation until the food was started for
the lines. Home address, Dr. E. G. Motley, bro-
ther, Verden, 111.
MOTTERN, VIRGIL C. . Sergeant (First Class)
Deceased. Company C, 105th Field Signal Bat-
talion. For extraordinary heroism in action near
Mazingheim, France, October 19, 1918. Sergeant
Mottern lost his life while personally laying a tele-
Shone line over exceedingly dangerous ground, un-
er continuous artillery fire which had caused a
great loss among the runners. He attempted the
laying of this line in order to give his men a rest in
a place of safety. Next of kin, George C. Mottern,
father, Jonesboro, Tenn.
MOUNTS, WAYNE D Private
Company D, 15th Machine Gun Battalion. For
extraordinary heroism in action near Breuilles,
France, November 4, 1918. Although suffering
painfully from a severe shoulder wound, Private
Mounts refused to reveal his condition, but courage-
ously remained on duty until the termination of
hostilities seven days later. Home address, Mahson
Mounts, father, Lindsay, W. Va.
MOYER, RALPH Private
Company F, 103d Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Bois de St. Re my, France,
September 12, 1918. Although painfully wounded
while cutting wires under terrific shell fire, Private
Moyer refused to be evacuated and continued at his
work until a lane had been opened and his platoon
had passed through. He then joined his platoon and
engaged in the battle until he became so weak from
his wounds that he had to be sent to the rear.
Home address, Amos A. Moyer, father, Route 25,
MOYNAHAN, TIMOTHY J. . . . Major
146th Infantry. For extraordinary heroism in
action near Cierges, France, September 28-30, 1918.
Displaying remarkable personal courage and lead-
ership, Major Moynahan personally led his battal-
ion without support. On either Sank, through ter-
rific artillery bombardment, in the face of direct
machine-gun fire and enfilading fire from one-pound-
er guns on the right, capturing his objective on the
ridge east of Cierges and repelling four hostile count-
erattacks. Home address, P. A. Moynahan, bro-
ther, 249 Washington Avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y.
MOYSE, HERMAN . . . First Lieutenant
125th Infantry. For extraordinary heroism in
action near Ciergea, northeast of Chateau-Thierry,
France, July 31, 1918. After advancing through
five stages of artillery barrage and machine-gun fire,
he led a patrol of five men forward to capture two
machine guns which were endangering the success
of the operation. Although seriously wounded in
the chest and foot by machine-gun fire, he would
not consent to being taken to the rear until the guns
had been captured. Home address, Simon Moyse,
father, 805 Main Street, Baton Rouge, La.
MUDGE, JOSIAH B. Jr. .' . First Lieutenant
6th Infantry. For extraordinary heroism in
action at Frapelle, France, August 17, 1918. He
displayed notable courage and determination by
leading his company to its objective through a
heavy enemy barrage of high-explosive gas shells.
Although gassed and wounded in the leg by a shell
fragment, he remained in command of his company
until it was relieved. Home address, Mrs. Joaiah
B. Mudge, mother, 922 Bertrand Street, Manhat-
MUDGETT, BRYAN . . Second Lieutenant
357th Infantry. For extraordinary heroism in ac-
tion near St. Mihiel, France, September 12-13, 1918.
On several occasions during the advance of Septem-
ber 12, Lieutenant Mudgett out-maneuvered enemy
machine guns, capturing both guns and crew. On
the night of September 12-13, he led a patrol of two
squads through the German lines, advancing over
1,000 yards to the front of the line of resistance, cap-
tured a German battery, one non-commissioned
officer, and seven men. He then fought his way
back through the enemy's lines, losing but one pri-
soner before meeting the advancing American
troops. Home address, Mrs. Bryan Mudgett, wife,
Carlsbad, N. Mex.
MUELLER, JOSEPH Jr. . Private (First Class)
Company F, 127th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Jametz, France, November
10-1 1, 1918. Private Mueller, a runner, successfully
maintained liaison between his company, which
formed the liaison group with another division, and
regimental headquarters, promptly carrying numer-
ous messages across an area under heavy fire.
Home address, Joseph Meuller, father, 1029 Wal-
nut Street, Milwaukee, Wis.
MUHLENBERG, FREDERICK A. . Captain
314th Infantry. For extraordinary heroism in ac-
tion near Nantillois, France, September 26-30, 1918.
As regimental adjutant he displayed the utmost dis-
regard for personal danger in assisting his regimen-
tal commander in maintaining liaison with the front
lines. After being painfully wounded and gassed by
a bursting gas shell, this officer refused to be evacu-
ated, but remained on duty, carrying orders to the
front line and bringing back valuable information,
until he was ordered to the rear. Home address,
Mrs. Elizabeth Y. Muhlenberg, wife, 244 West Col-