On October 4 Sergeant Schad on his own initia-
tive, t9ok forward a platoon to fill a gap left in the
attacking platoons on account of casualties.
Leaving his platoon to cover the road, he advanced
alone upon a machine-gun nest, killed the entire
crew with hand grenades, and captured the gun.
He then held the position until the advance was
taken up the following morning. Home address,
Charles J. Schad, father, 6416 Saybrook Avenue,
West Philadelphia. Pa.
SCHAFFNER, FRED C
. . . . Pharmacist's Mate (Third Class)
U. S. N. After having been gassed himself in
the gas-shell bombardment of April 13, 1918, he
courageously helped in the treatment of more than
100 cases of gas casualties, disregarding his own
condition until overcome. Died, April 18, 1918.
Next of kin, Mrs. Emma Schaffner, mother, 4334
Seventh Avenue, Rock Island, 111.
SCHAIRER, JAMES V Private
Deceased. Medical Detachment, 147th Infantry.
For extraordinary heroism in action near Mont-
faucon, France, September 26, 1918. Seeing two
men fall wounded, Private Schairer immediately
went to their assistance, unmindful of the extreme
danger to which he was exposed; and, after drag-
ging the men to a shell hole, administered effective
first aid. A few days later he was killed in the per-
formance of his duties. Home address, John
Schairer, Sr., 818 Ogden Avenue, Benton Harbor,
SCHALLENBERGER, HUGH D. . . .
Deceased. 56th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Preny Ridge, France,
November 1, 1918. Although twice wounded by
machine-gun fire while leading his men in an attack
on Preny Ridge under heavy machine-gun fire,
Lieutenant Schallenberger continued in the advance
until he was killed by the explosion of a shell.
Next of kin, Miss Ruth Schallenberger, Vander-
SCHENCK, ALEXANDER P
Pilot, Air-Service, 49th Aero Squadron. For
extraordinary heroism in action in the region of
Doulcon, France, October 4, 1918. Lieutenant
Schenck was one of an offensive patrol of six planes
that attacked and engaged in combat 17 enemy
machines (Fokker type). While he was engaging
one of the enemy, he observed a comrade about to
be sent down by an enemy plane that had maneu-
vered to an advantageous position. Lieutenant
Schenck immediately left off the combat he was
engaged in and shot down the plane, thereby sav-
ing the life of his comrade. Home address, Mrs.
A. R. Parkhurst, mother, 500 Grant Avenue,
Plainfield, N. J.
SCHERMERHORN, EARL C. . Lieutenant
328th Infantry. For extraordinary heroism in
action near Cornay, France, October 9-10, 1918.
After successfully driving off the enemy his attack-
ing force was counter-attacked and surrounded.
The officers in charge decided to surrender to the
greatly superior numbers, but Lieutenant Schermer-
horn, refusing to do so, made his way to our lines
through deadly enemy fire, although severely
wounded while doing so. Home address, Mrs.
Jennie S. Schermerhorn, box 147, Fishers Island,
SCHIANI, ALFRED Private
Company E, 5th Regiment, U. S. M. C. For
extraordinary heroism in action in the Bois de
Belleau, France, June 13, 1918. Severely wounded
at the beginning of the attack, Private Schiani,
an automatic rifle carrier, continued to advance,
carrying two pouches of ammunition until he fell
unconscious. Home address, Joseph Schiani,
father, 18 Critten Street, Newark, N. J.
SCHICK, FRED Corporal
Company H, 305th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action in the Bois de la Naza, France,
October 5,1918. With two others soldiers, Corporal
Schick volunteered to crawl out under enemy
machine-gun fire, in an effort to locate three mem-
bers of the platoon, who were missing, after an
unsuccessful attack on enemy machine-gun nests.
Finding the body of one, they located another, who
DISTINGUISHED SERVICE CROSS
lay helplessly wounded, by calling out his name.
As a result, they drew increased fire from the en-
emy, but they courageously crawled 25 yards fur-
ther toward the hostile positions and succeeded in
carrying back the wounded man through the
machine-gun fire to our lines. Home address,
Philip Schick, father, 48 Edgewater Street, Rose-
bank, Staten Island, N. Y.
SCHIDE, CLARENCE C. . Second Lieutenant
114th Infantry. For extraordinary heroism in
action near Bois d'Ormont, France, October 12,
1918. Although severely wounded, Lieutenant
Scbide continued to lead his platoon over open
ground and subjected to heavy artillery and
machine-gun fire, until he received a second wound
which necessitated his removal from the field in a
critical condition. Home address, Mrs. Schide,
mother, Mason City, Iowa.
SCHKODA, THOMAS Bugler
Machine Gun Company, 9th Infantry. For
extraordinary heroism in action near Medeah
Ferme, France, October 7, 1918. After having re-
ceived a wound in his knee by a machine-gun bullet
and a shell wound in the face, Bugler Schkoda con-
tinued his duties as runner until ordered evacu-
ated by bis company commander. Home address,
Philip Peltin, brother, Coney Island, N. Y.
SCHMELTZ, FREDERICK .... Cook
Deceased. Company K, 114th Infantry. For
extraordinary heroism in action north of Verdun,
France, October 28, 1918. Cook Schmeltz volun-
teered to take hot food to the front line troops who
had not received hot food for three days. After
traveling four kilometers he was fatally wounded
by a bursting shell. Next of kin, William Schmeltz,
father, 190 New York Avenue, Jersey City, N. J.
SCHMIDT, FERDINAND A. ... Private
Company B, 312th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Talma Farm, France, Oc-
tober 22, 1918. When his company's advance had
been held up by intense machine-gun fire, Private
Schmidt crawled through a barrage of hand gren-
ades, and at the point of his bayonet held 19 of the
enemy in a dugout until assistance arrived. Before
performing this courageous act, he was slightly
wounded. Home address, Mrs. Carolina Schmidt,
mother, 10 Avon Place, Newark, N. J.
SCHMIDT, RUSSELL A Captain
108th Field Signal Battalion. For extraordin-
ary heroism in action near Cumieres, France, Oc-
tober 8, 1918. With a detail of five men, Captain
Schmidt was engaged in attempting to lay a tele-
phone line across the Meuse River, when they were
discovered and attacked by a superior force of the
enemy. Even after being wounded three times,
Captain Schmidt continued the unequal struggle,
killing one and wounding three of the enemy, until
all his ammunition was exhausted and all of his
men severely wounded. Believing himself to be
mortally wounded, he advanced into the enemy's
lines and gave himself up, in order to save the lives
of his men. He was recaptured by our forces later
in the day. Home address, Mrs. J. P. Schmidt,
mother, 132 South Seventh Street, Council Bluffs,
SCHNEIDER, JOHN G. . . First Lieutenant
6th Regiment, U. S. M. C. For extraordinary
heroism in action near the Forest of Argonne,
France, November 1, 1918. Although he was pain-
fully wounded, Lieutenant Schneider continued to
advance with his command until he was wounded a
second time. Home address, J. G. Schneider,
father, American National Bank, St. Joseph, Mo.
SCHOBERTH, RAYMOND A. . First Lieutenant
Deceased. 359th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Bantheville, France, Novem-
ber 1, 1918. Lieutenant Schoberth continued to
lead his platoon after being wounded in the arm by
a machine-gun bullet. He set an excellent example
for his platoon by his courage and disregard for
personal danger. This gallant officer was later
killed by a shell fragment. Next of kin, Anthony
Schoberth, father, Versailles, Ky.
SCHOEMACHER, MAX .... Private
Company 1, 60th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action at Clery le Petit, France, No-
vember 5. 1918. When the advance of his company
was held up by enemy machine-gun fire, Private
Schoemacher, with his platoon commander and
another soldier, advanced in front of the line and
attacked a machine-gun nest, killing two gunners
and taking eight prisoners, thereby enabling the
company to advance and establish a brigade bridge-
head. Home address, Fritz Schoemacher, Gray
SCHOEN, KARL J. . . . First Lieutenant
Deceased. Air Service, 139th Aero Squadron.
For extraordinary heroism in action near Ain-
creville, France, October 10, 1918. While leading
a patrol of three machines, Lieutenant Schoen
sighted nine enemy planes, Fokker type, and im-
mediately attacked them. Although greatly out-
numbered, he destroyed one of the planes and put
the others to flight. He was killed in action Octo-
ber 29 and has been officially credited with des-
troying seven enemy aircraft. Next of kin, Maurene
Estelle Schoen, wife, 5201 College Avenue, Indian-
SCHOLES, WILLIAM Sergeant
Company C. 131st Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action at Chipilly Ridge, France, Au-
gust 10, 1918. When the advance of his platoon
was suddenly halted by intense machine-gun fire
at close range, wounding his platoon commander
and other platoon sergeants, Sergeant Scholes
showed splendid devotion to duty by personally
manning a machine gun in the advance position
and maintaining fire until the rest of the platoon
had reached shelter. Home address, Mrs. Wil-
liam P. Siwort, sister, 6141 South Wood Street,
SCHOOLEY, HARRY T Corporal
Company L, 311th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Grand-Pre, France, October
25, 1918. After his platoon had fallen back under
heavy shell fire, Corporal Schooley made a personal
reconnaissance of an enemy machine-gun nest
through a heavy barrage, killed one of the enemy
gunners and drove off the others with hand gren-
ades, thereby enabling his platoon to resume its
position. Home address, Mrs. Mary Louise
Schooley, mother, Laurel, Md.
SCHREECH, GEORGE W. . . . Corporal
82d Company, 6th Marines. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Rayonville, France, Novem-
ber 1, 1918. Corporal Schreech volunteered and
went forward to reconnoiter a ravine infested with
hostile machine-gun and artillery positions, re-
turning with several prisoners. Home address,
Mrs. Sarah Schreecb, mother, Kansas, 111.
SCHROEDEL, JOHN C Private
Company B, 119th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action neat Bellicourt, France, Septem-
ber 29, 1918. During operations in the region of
Bellicourt, Private Schroedel, unassisted, at-
tacked an enemy stronghold and captured two
machine-guns and five prisoners. Home address,
Mat Schroedel, father, Sherburn, Minn.
SCHROTH, RAYMOND A. . First Sergeant
Company E, 311th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Grand-Pre, France, Novem-
ber 1, 1918. Sergeant Schroth was directed to lead
an attack against an enemy machine-gun nest,
which was impeding the progress of his company.
Reaching a point within 50 feet of the stronghold,
he ordered an attack, and six Germans near the gun
sought to surrender until they saw the strength of
his force, now reduced through casualties to two or
three men. The enemy was then reinforced by 20
men and launched a severe counterattack, which
forced Sergeant Schroth to abandon his attack.
After ordering his men to safety, he remained at his
post alone, combatting against the superior forces
until he drove a prisoner back to our lines at the
point of his empty pistol. Despite his desire to
provide safety for his patrol he was the only sur-
vivor to return from the mission. Home address,
Mrs. John Schroth, mother, 244 Jackson Street,
Trenton, N. J.
SCHUCHART, FRANK Private
Company L, 128th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Juvigny, France, August
30, 1918, and in the Argonne Forest, France,
November 8, 1918. During the attack near Ju-
vigny, Private Schuchart, while acting as runner,
repeatedly exposed himself to severe enemy ar-
tillery and machine-gun fire. After the attack he
voluntarily joined in the work of clearing the field
of wounded under heavy enemy fire. On Novem-
ber 8, while carrying an important message he was
severely wounded in the left leg. He stopped in a
shell hole, dressed the wound himself, proceeded to
deliver the message and did not report for treat-
ment. Home address, Mrs. Anne Schuchart,
mother, Darlington, Wis.
SCHUEREN, JR., DAN E. . Second Lieutenant
122d Field Artillery. For extraordinary heroism
in action near Barricourt, France, November 1,
1918. Lieutenant Schueren, then a sergeant, acting
as liaison agent with an assaulting infantry bat-
talion, on his own initiative, took command of a
platoon of infantry when its leader was wounded.
He ordered the advance resumed and under his
leadership, machine-gun nests that threatened to
hold up the advance of the entire battalion were
flanked and silenced. He showed marked bravery
constantly inspiring his men during the attack.
Home address, Dan E. Schueren, father, Culver,
SCHULTHEIS, BERNARD A. . . Private
Machine Gun Company, 125th Infantry. For
extraordinary heroism in action near Terny Sorny,
north of Soissons, France, September 1, 1918.
When the infantry was advancing in a position
exposed to cross fire, he volunteered and carried a
message to the advancing troops, informing them
that a machine-gun barrage laid down on the en-
emy emplacements was friendly fire from a unit not
in their support and acting without orders to cover
their advance. He delivered the message, returned
across an open field swept by enemy machine-guns
and thereby made it possible for the infantry unit
to advance 400 meters and gain its objective.
Home address, Andrew Shultheis, father, 1015
Smith Street, Flint, Mich.
SCHULTZ, ARTHUR Sergeant
Company I, 128th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Juvigny, north of Soissons,
France, August 30, 1918. He displayed great
courage and coolness during an attack in going
forward under heavy fire and firing upon machine-
gun emplacements. Later, when a retirement was
ordered, he remained in advance of the line to
carry back the wounded, in spite of heavy fire from
artillery and machine guns. Home address, Mrs.
Robert Schultz, mother, 217 East Water Street,
SCHULTZ, CHARLES Private
Deceased. Company H, 132d infantry. For
extraordinary heroism in action near Forges,
France, September 26, 1918. While his platoon
was being held up by machine-gun fire, Private
Schultz brayed the hazardous fire by going for-
ward and driving out the crew after which he cap-
tured the gun. He died from wounds received in
the exploit. Next of kin, Mrs. Charles Schultz,
mother. Chicago, 111.
SCHULTZ, FRANK Private
Company C, 302d Engineers. For extraordin-
ary heroism in action near Bazoches, France,
August 25-26, 1918. Private Schultz and another
soldier had become separated and were forced to
take shelter for five and a half days. He rescued a
wounded comrade from exposure to machine-gun
and shell fire and later attacked a machine-gun nest
in his direct front. In the attack he killed two of
the enemy with hand grenades and subsequently
returned to our lines, assisting the wounded com-
rado to safety. Home address, Mrs. H. Schultz,
mother, 1025 Castleton Avenue, West Newbrighton,
Staten Island, N. Y.
SCHULTZ, FRED M Corporal
Company M, 16th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Fleville, France, October 4,
1918. Leading his squad through a heavy barrage
and against violent machine-gun fire, Corporal
Schultz attacked an enemy field-gun which had
been holding up the progress of our tanks. He
disabled the gun crew and took 15 prisoners, after
which he personally captured a machine-gun and
killed its operator. Although wounded himself,
he assisted two wounded members of his squad to
the first-aid station. Home address, Mrs. Hazel
Dorothy Schultz, wife, general delivery, Bay City,
SCHULTZ, GEORGE F Private
Company E, 16th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Sedan, France, November 7,
1918. While accompanying his company as Lia-
ison Agent in the advance, Private Schultz at-
tacked, single-handed, a machine-gun nest which
was delivering a heavy fire, killing the gunner, and
caused many other casualties among the enemy-
His act also caused other enemy machine-gunners
to withdraw, and saved his company from a very
dangerous flanking fire. Home address, August D.
Schultz, father, New Buffalo, Mich.
SCHULZE, RAYMOND J. . Private (First Class)
For extraordinary heroism in action near Orvillers-
Sorel (Oise), France, August 16, 1918. When
many French and American drivers had been
killed or wounded during an intense bombard-
ment on a dressing station, Private Schulze im-
mediately went to their assistance but received
wounds himself which will make him a cripple for
life. Home address, West Cedar Rapids. Iowa.
SCHUMACHER, FRANCIS X. First Lieutenant
Company K, 148th Infantry. For extraordin-
ary heroism in action near Heurne, Belgium,
November 3, 1918. In the face of terrific machine-
gun and artillery fire, he gave valuable assistance in
the constructions of a log bridge over the Scheldt
River, which enabled his battalion to cross and es-
tablish itself in its objective. He remained with
his company after being wounded until he was
forced to be evacuated. Home address, J. A. E.
Schumacher, father, Teutonia National Bank,
DISTINGUISHED SERVICE CROSS
SCHWAB, VINCENT H. . . . Sergeant
Deceased. 8th Company, 5th Regiment, U. S.
M. C. Killed in action at Chateau-Thierry, France,
June 6, 1918, he gave the supreme proof of that ex-
traordinary heroism which will serve as an example
to hitherto untiied troops. Next of kin, Miss
Tillie Schwab, cousin, 251 1^ Dodier Street, St.
SCHWANKE, OTTO A. A. . Private (First Class)
Company B, 47th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action at Sergy, France, August 1, 1918.
This soldier displayed the greatest devotion to
duty, loyalty, and courage by repeatedly volun-
teering, night and day, to carry messages under the
heaviest machine-gun and shell fire from his bat-
talion commander to the company commanders,
thereby maintaining efficient liason at all times.
Home address, Mrs. Ella Schwanke, mother,
SCHWARZWAELDER, CHRISTIAN ALLEN
21st Machine Gun Battalion. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Vieville. France, November
1, 1918. Lieutenant Schwarzwaelder remained in
an exposed place administering first aid to a wounded
officer and two soldiers throughout a heavy bar-
rage of gas shells and high explosives after his pla-
toon had withdrawn from the position. He had the
wounded men removed to a less exposed place and
remained with them until they were evacuated.
Home address, Mrs. Bina Schwarzwaelder,
Gilbora, Schoharie County, N. Y.
SCHWEGLER, JOHN W Sergeant
Company C, 107th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Ronssoy, France, September
28, 1918. Sergeant Schwegler went forward from
a front line trench in daylight for a distance of
60 yards through enemy machine-gun and sniper's
fire, and brought back a wounded soldier to shelter.
Next to kin, George Schwegler, father, 1400 Clar-
endon Avenue, Bronx, N. Y.
SCHWER, HENRY G Private
Company B, 119th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Bellicourt, France, Septem-
ber 29-30, 1918. During an attack by his regiment
he was wounded, but continued his work as stretch-
er bearer throughout the night, refusing to be
evacuated while able to render assistance to his
comrades. Home address, Berry F. Schwer,
father, Falmouth, Ky.
SCHWING, JAMES ALBERT . First Lieutenant
118th Infantry. For extraordinary heroism in
action near Montbrehain, France, October 8, 1918.
With two soldiers he attacked a machine-gun nest
of four guns and about 40 Germans. By the effi-
cient use of grenades and automatic rifles the Ger-
mans were forced to surrender, thereby allowing
the company to continue the advance. Home
address, Mrs. J. A. Schwing, wife, Spartanburg,
SCIALABBA, IGNACIO .... Corporal
Company K, 319th Infantry. For extraordin-
ary heroism in action near Imacourt, France,
November 1, 1918. Corporal Scialabba crawled
300 yards alone, outflanked a machine-gun, killed
four and captured three of the crew. Although
wounded by shell fragment, he refused to go to the
rear. Home address, Mrs. Anna Scialabba, mother,
Province Palermo, Italy.
SCIALABBA, JOSEPH Private
Deceased. Company C, Fourth Infantry. For
extraordinary heroism in action neat Cunel, France,
October 13, 1918. From an exposed outpost posi-
tion, during a strong enemy counterattack, Pnvate
Scialabba opened fire on the advancing enemy with
a captured machine-gun. When the machine-gun
jammed, he picked up a light Browning gun and
used it with the same deadly effect until the mag-
azines were exhausted, whereupon he resorted to rifle
fire. This gallant soldier was killed in action two
days later. Next of kin, Peter Scialabba, brother
Box 1166, Fresno, Gal.
SCIONTI, LOUIS Sergeant.
Company F, 47th Infantry, For extraordinary
heroism in action near Bazoches, France, August 9,
1918. Responding to a call for volunteers to des-
troy a hostile machine-gun, Sergeant Scionti, with
two other soldiers, boldly went forward through
machine-gun fire and accomplished this mission.
Home address, Boston, Mass.
SCLAFONI, ANTHONY .... Private
Company A, 105th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Ronssoy, France, September
29, 1918. While the advance against the Hinden-
burg line was at its height, Private Sclafoni, seeing
a Lewis gunner exposed to the enemy, ran to his
assistance. On the way he was seriously wounded,
but continued on, reaching the position and using
his body to shield the gunner, while the latter
poured a fire into the enemy. He was wounded
three times, finally losing consciousness, but after
his wounds were dressed he insisted on leaving the
field unaided. Home address, Mrs. Josie Sclafoni,
mother, 13 Christie Street, New York City.
SCOBY, OTIS C Sergeant
Company F, 7th Engineers. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Brieulles, France, November
2-4, 1918. While making a daylight reconnais-
sance of the Canal Est, he was at all times in full
view of the enemy's snipers and machine-guns.
Unmindful of the danger, he continued on to the
successful accomplishment of his mission. On
the morning of November 4 he aided materially in
the construction of a pontoon bridge across the
Canal Est, under heavy shell fire, thus enabling the
infantry to cross and capture commanding heights
on the east bank of the Mouse. Home address.
Mrs. Elizabeth Scoby, mother, St. Francis, Kan.
SCOTT, EDWARD W. . . First Sergeant
Company L, 107th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Ronssoy, France, September
29, 1918. He assumed command of his company
after all the officers has become casualties, though
he himself had been shot through the arm, and led
it into effective combat. After being wounded a
second time he refused to go to the rear, but con-
tinued to advance until he was killed. Next of
kin, Mrs. John F. Scott, mother, Country Club
Grounds. Westchester, N. Y.
SCOTT, JOHN S Private
Company A, 26th Infantry. When that portion
of the line of which he was a part was violently at-
tacked on July 20, 1918, near Soissons, France, he
held his post and repulsed the enemy. Home ad-
dress, Mrs. Lulu Parker, New Eagle, Pa.
SCOTT, MILTON R. . . Gunnery Sergeant
Company A, 5th Regiment, U. S. M. C. For
extraordinary heroism in action near St. Etienne,
France, October 4, 1918. After being severely
wounded he continued to assist in consolidating the
position of his platoon, later placing himself in an
exposed position in order to gain good observation
for sniping enemy machine-gun positions. Home
address, Mrs. Rovilla Scott, General Delivery,
La Monte, Mo.
SCOTT, REGINALD C Private
C9mpany L, 305th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action in the Argonne Forest, France,
October 3, 1918. Although himself severely
wounded, he assisted in caring for wounded com-
rades, refusing aid until all others had received
treatment. In the performance of his duties he
carried a message through an area which was under
heavy machine-gun fire and constant hand-grenade
bombing. Home address, Mrs. Carol Scott, wife,
SCULLY, GEORGE F Private
Company A, 4th Infantry. For extraordinary
heroism in action near Grand Ballois Farm, France,
July 14-15, 1918. After being badly gassed, Pri-
vate Scully continued to carry messages through