Henrik Ibsen.

Henrik Ibsen's Terje viken online

. (page 3 of 4)
Online LibraryHenrik IbsenHenrik Ibsen's Terje viken → online text (page 3 of 4)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook

Line 248, den svigtet kommando, it did not obey
the rudder. While the crew seeks rescue in the life
boats, Terje takes the lord, the lady and their child
into his own boat which is close at hand; for rescue
in it seems safest. Thus Terje gets him entirely in
his power.

Line 252, kjplspor, wake, a track left by a vessel pass-
ing through the water.

Line 253, morild, the giving out of light from the
sea caused by phosphorescent animalcules in the water.

Line 254, sin dyre last, note the repetition of this
from verses xiii and xx.

Line 255, agter stod lodscn, the pilot stood aft. While
the boat was moving Terje undoubtedly was sitting;
but just before he wanted to carry out his plans of
revenge he arose and steeled himself for the deed by
looking toward the places which reminded him so viv-
idly of his own loss and shipwreck. See verses xv
and xvii.

Line 257, Ice, opposite of luvart, which has been taken
up in the seaman's vernacular from the Dutch loef,
meaning the helping rudder on the ship's wind side
(luv), hence the side opposite to that from which the
wind blows.

Line 259, stagscilstrop, the rope fastened to the loose
corner of the sail whereby it can be brought from the
one side of the boat to the other.

Line 263, zraket, the boat with the hole in the bottom.


Line 266, "Anna, mit barn!" him skrek , note

violation of rule for inverted order.

Line 267, bcevre (b&ve svakt), to tremble slightly,
to quiver. Compare this passage with verse xxii, line
197, "el noget" that changed suddenly his expression
when he was so vividly reminded of his own little child
bearing the same name. He changed his plans of re-
venge by trying to partially stop the leakage of his
boat, perhaps by placing his heel in the hole.

Line 268, drcv roret i lee, turned the rudder so that
the boat could go directly with the wind.

Line 269, fast, (nasten), almost.

Line 271, Den tfirnet, it went aground, it struck rock

Line 271, havet var smult, see verse xvii, line 152.

Line 276, flu, a flat reef which at flood time is
washed over by the waves; baae (line 275) seems to
be used in this instance in contrast to flu, to designate
a sandbank, which it usually does not; flu is generally
a flatter reef than a baae.

Line 278, "en sunken skjegte med Ire tender byg
er baaen so in beer' os mi."

This passage is somewhat ambiguous. It may mean
that the cargo of grain Terje lost still lies on the reef,
or perhaps it simply means that the place marks the
exact spot where Terje's precious cargo of grain sank,
and in his imagination still lies on this very spot. In
other words Terje wishes to remind the lord of what
took place at that spot on a certain occasion many
years before.

Line 288, bpide kna, gave up to, submitted to, hum-
bled his pride.

Line 293, Du seilct i inak jeg roddc,
Line 298, Din rike lady win hustni.
Line 302, Dit barn mm datter.


Note in these passages Ibsen's mastery in the use
of antitheses.

Line 301, nu allikcvel, nevertheless.

Line 312, friste en stund, to suffer a while, undergo
torture a brief period of time.

Line 313, vel, translate here, fully, in full measure.

Line 315, og scenktc min lykke paa grund, destroyed
my happiness.

Line 316, Barnet han grep, note violation of rule of
inverted order because of meter.

Line 317, lady, there are no exact Norse equivalents
for English titles of rank and nobility. Note the use,
however, of the post-positive article with the foreign
word. This is only permissible when the foreign word
has no Norse equivalent.

Line 318, mylord (pronounced mi-lord'), note in the
Norse the compounding of my lord. These com-
pounds are used more freely in Norse than in English.

Line 320, Paa sprang, ready to leap forward.

Line 322, hans aandc brandte, compare with hans
ffine brandt in line 291.

Line 329, Han aandet, som Ipst fro, et fcengsels
hvcelv, he breathed as if freed from a prison, because
now he was rid of his brooding thoughts of revenge
that had hovered over him so heavily for many, many
years like a dark thunder cloud, a heavy prison vault.

Line 332, stenet, stony, rocky, so that the river flowed
over it turbulently.

Line 334, kvalm, suffocating, foul air, stuffy air.

Line 336, heiens halm, far out on the edge of the
steep mountain side, there often grow tufts of grass
that overhang the precipitous edge. It seemed to Terje
that during these years he had stared down into the
dark abyss of revenge.


Line 338, vi to er kvit, we two are quits, we have
settled our scores, we are even.

Line 339, din skyldner, compare with verse xxxv.
Terje had the old Norse conception of law latent with-
in him ; he would mete out punishment by his own
hands. He felt it was his duty to pay back to the
lord like for like. This he feels he has done by letting
him suffer torture and agony for a brief period of
time in the open boat (friste en stund, som vel kommcr
op mot de lange aar).

Line 340, Jeg gav del jeg hadde, du tok alt init,.
compare this with line 284, alt mil du holdt i din
haand, og du slap det for ros. The idea is not clear,
but probably means I lost everything, and you sacri-
ficed it all to win glory.

Line 341, og krcev and give God the blame if

you think that I have made you suffer too great a
torture, for He has given me such a nature that I had
to have revenge.

Line 354, til farvel og Cuds frcd, in bidding him
farewell, wishing him Godspeed.

Line 358, sleep, literally meaning train, or trail. Here
it must mean the child's flowing locks.

Line 364, det glatte lag, all the cannon are fired at
once as a salute. Compare with verse xxi, line 182,
korvetten gav seierssalut.

Line 366, heien, the desolate rocky island where
Terje lived.

Line 379, Ved Fj&re kirke jeg saa , note viola-
tion of rule for inverted order for sake of meter. A
parish church not far from Grimstad.

Line 383, "Theerie Wiighcn," an older, antiquated
form of the name Terje Viken. Sometimes also writ-
ten "Taerje Vigen".


Line 385, vindes vift (archaic expression, vindes,
possessive plural without the post-positive article; vift,
. same root as English waft, hard storms, exposure.


The following abbreviations are used in the vocabu-

adj adjective per person (al)

adv adverb pi plural

c common gender pass possessive case

comp comparative pron pronoun

conj conjunction r regular

def definite refl reflexive

fain familiar, popular rel relative pronoun

form sing singular

n neuter gender supl superlative

/ Class 1 of the weak verbs: t -/.

// Class II of the weak verbs : tc -t.

Ill Class /// of the weak verbs : .-ddc -dd.

The principal parts of strong verbs are given.

If an adjective is inflected by the addition of -t in
the neuter and -e in the definite and plural forms, it is
followed by r (regular). Otherwise the inflectional
endings are given.

The plural of nouns is given. A dash indicates that
the plural form does not differ from the singular.

The dash ( ) is further used to avoid repeating the
main word in supplementary phrases.

Words are accented on the first syllable unless mark-
ed otherwise. Compound words have an accented
syllable in each component element marked.


aagre I practice usury

aande c breath

aande / breathe, draw

aapen -t aapne open

aar -year

aare c -r oar

aas c -er ridge, crest

agte (paa) / heed, notice,
pay attention to, look

agter astern, behind

al alt alle all; alt every-
thing; alt already

aldrig never; saa ever so

allikevel nevertheless, for
all that

alvor n earnestness, seri-
ousness; faa become
serious, take on serious-
ness of purpose

angre / regret; - paa
regret, repent of

ankre 7 anchor, cast an-

arm c -er arm

arm r poor

at con; that; to (sign of
the infinitive)

att'enaars eighteen year(s)

aftenhuridred 1800

atter again, once more

av of, off, from, because of


baad (old) see baat

baade both; baade

og both and

baae c -r sunken rock or

baat c -er boat

bag see bak

bak behind, back of, (1.
53) within, inside

bak'effer after, behind,
afterwards, later

bakke / reverse; for bak-
kede seil with sails re-
versed, placed windward

barn u barn or b0rn child,

batal'je c -r battle, action,

baug c -er bow (of a shipj ;
for baugen ahead

bedre, bedst see god

bedre / better, improve;
Gud det alas

bedrift c -er deed, exploit

behold c; \ god in safety

besked c information, ink-
ling, hint; vite know-
positively, be positive

bevare II keep, preserve;
bevart kept, safe (see
note on 1. 103)

binde bandt bundet bind,
hold; fast tie down,
keep at


bitter -t bitre bitter

blaa -t blaa blue

blad n -e blade (of an oar)

blafre / waver, be fitful

bleke blekte bleket make
pale, whiten

bli blev blit become, turn,
be (auxiliary of pas-
sive) ; av become of

blik // look, eye

blind r blind, sunken

blod // blood

blomst c -er flower, blos-
som, plant

blund c -er sleep, nap; i
to sleep

bo /// live, dwell, reside

bort(e) away

braadyp' n precipice

brand c -er surf,
breaker (s)

bred r broad, expansive

bret // -ter board, marker,
headboard, wooden

brig c -ger brig

bringe c -r breast

briste brast brustet break,
burst, crack

britte c -r Briton, English-

brott n breaker (s), surf

brun / brown

brygge c -r wharf, dock,
pier, jetty

bryst n breast, bosom

bryte br0t brutt break;
(impersonal with re-
ference to water) break,
beat, pound

braekke / break

braende braendte (or
brandt) braendt burn,

flash, gleam, glow,
foam, froth, (of breath)
come hot

branding c breakers, surf,

br0d t bread, loaf of
bread, sustenance

bund c -er bottom

by c -er city, town

byde b0d budt command,

byg n (and c) barley

bygge / (or bygde, bygd)

baer' abbr. for baerer, see

baere bar baaret bear, car-
ry, bring, exhibit, en-
dure, (of a boat)
weather the sea, be
seaworthy; det bar they
moved, were borne; -
paa have something on
one's mind, brood over

baevre / tremble slightly,

b0ie b0ide b0id bend, turn,
bow down; sig bend,
stoop, droop

o0lge / billow, heave,
surge, toss; b0lgende

b0l'gedrag' n surf, swell

b0n c -ner prayer; med ,

in prayer, in entreaty


chef c -er (French, pro-
nounced sheff), chief,

da then, when, at the time



when, at that time, (1.
44) surely

daad c -er act, deed, sig-
nal deed

dag c -e day, daylight

dagning c dawn

dans c -er dance, dancing

datter c d0tre daughter

de deres dem they, those,
the ones

De Deres Dem you (for-
mal sing and pi)

den det de puss sing dets
the, it, that, that which,

denne dette pi disse this

der there, where, imper-
sonal it, 1. 73

der rel who, which

der'ef'ter thereafter, after

der'for' therefore, for that

der'in'd(e) in there

derindenfor there inside,
there within

der'til' to it, besides, fur-

din dit dine thy, thine,

dit'lnd' thither, in there

djerv r brave, bold, auda-

dog, yet, still, however,
nevertheless, for all
that, but

dont c business, task,

dra drog drat pull, tiraw;
i pull at

dravat c -er (sudden) gale
(see note on 1. 30)

dreie / turn; for turn

drive drev drevet drive,
drift, jam; ind drift in

dr0m c -me(r) dream, vi-

du din dig you; the archa-
ic form jer is used as
the dative pi

dukke / dive, duck

dus see sus

duve / toss, pitch

dyr r precious

daek n deck

d0 d0de (er) dpd die

d0d r dead

d0d c death; til d0den to
death, unto death

d0ie / endure, weather

d0nning c -er swell, wave

d0r c -er door

efter- after, behind

egen eget egne own, pe-

ei (old) se ikke

eller or; hverken

eller neither nor

elv o -er river

en et a, an, one; as nu-
meral and indefinite
pronoun, en, ett; en in
1. 1 means person, fel-
low, chap; med ett sud-
denly, all at once

end though, even though,

endnu yet, still, to this
day, further, more; -
et (still) another

eneste (supl of en) only,



engelsk -e English
enkelt single, solitary, oc-

erfare erfor erfaret learn,
experience, find out

faa few

faa fik faat get, receive,
acquire; vaere at to be
gotten, to be had, to be
available; du faar ha
tak thanks are due you,

falde faldt faldt fall, ap-
pear, seem, strike as,
be; let be easy

fang H lap

fange c -r prisoner

fange 7 capture, catch,
take prisoner

far e faedre father

fare for faret go, fare,
travel, sail, fly, behave,

farvel' n farewell

fast almost

fast -e fast, secure,
fixed, firm

fatte 7 seize, grasp; om

fattig -e poor, humble,

faftigfolk' n poor folks,
the poor; fattigfolks
jord potter's field

feie feide feiet (feid)

feil n mistake; ta be

fern five

femten fifteen

fin r fine, dainty, delicate

finde fandt fundet find,
discover, think, deem

fire firte fir(e)t let down,

fisk c -er fish (sometimes
used in a . collective
sense as in 1. 11)

fiske 7 fish; op fish up,
fish out

fjeld u fjeld(e) mountain

fjerde fourth

fjorten fourteen

flag n flag

flest (sitpl of mange) som
- - - er like the com-
mon run

I flok c -ker group, crowd,
troop, band, company

f lorn me 7 stream

flu c -er half-tide rock

flugt c flight

flygtende fleeting, scud-

flyve f!0i f!0iet fly, fly

fok c -ker foresail

folk n people, "folks"

for conj for, because

for for, before, with, to,
on account of, because
of, through the influence
of, exposed to

foreriing c union; Forenin-

gen name of a ship
| forlate forlot forlatt leave,


| forrykf -e crazy, crack-
brained, "off", un-

fort quickly, soon

fortop c -per fore mast-
head, fore



fortsel'le fortalte fortalt

tell, relate
foruten without
fos c -ser waterfall, catar-

fosse / foam, boil
fot c f0tter foot (pi fot

used as unit of measure

in lines 148 and 174)
fra from

fred c peace, repose
fregat c -ter frigate
frelse c rescue, saving,
(means of) preservation
frelse // save, rescue
frelst -e rescued, saved
fremmed -e strange;

fremmed c -e stranger
fri r free, clear; frit freely,

frisk / fresh, well, in good

health, fit, hearty, hale,


friste / experience, suffer
frygt c fear, dread, alarm,

fryse fr0s frosset freeze
fugl c -er bird
fuld r full; i fulde fern for

fully five

faelles common
faengsel n faengsler prison,


f0re // lead, carry, bring
f0ring c -er cargo, load
f0rst first, earliest

gaa gik gaat go, leave, set
out, pass, move, run,
flow, happen, turn out,
be current

gaard c -er farm, farm-
house, building

gammel -t gamle old

gang c -er time

gardiri n -er curtain, shade

gavn n use, benefit; til
of (any) use

gi gav git give; sig give
oneself, trust oneself

gift -e married

gjengjaeld c (and n) retri-
bution, revenge, neme-

gjengjael'delse r retribu-
tion, revenge, nemesis

gjennem through

gjerning c -er deed, act

gjest c -er guest

gjaelde gjaldt gjseldt con-
cern, involve

gj0re gjorde gjort do, make

glad e glad, happy, joy-

glat te smooth

glitre / glitter

glytte / peep

gnistre / sparkle, shine,
gleam, flash

god r good, (romp and
*HI>I bed re, bedst, as
adjectives or adverbs)

graa -t graa gray, pale,

graad (old) see graat

graagaas c -gjaes graylag,
wild goose

graasprsengt' -e mixed
with gray, gray-streaked,
grizzled, grayhaired

graat c weeping; i , med
in tears

grav c -er grave

gripe grep grepet grasp,


seize; i seize, take
hold of

grov r coarse, rough

grund c -e(r) ground, bot-
tom, shoal

grus H gravel, sand, rocks

gry n dawn

graes n grass

Gud c God

gul r yellow, golden

guldhaar H golden hair,
flaxen hair

gut c -ter boy


ha hadde hat have

haand c haender hand

haane haante haanet scoff
(at), sneer (at), taunt

haar n hair

haard / hard

halm c straw, tuft of grass

halv'glemt -e half-for-

ban hans ham he

hast c haste, hurry; i en
in a hurry, on short

hat c -ter hat; ta til hat-
ten, touch one's hat, lift
the hat

hav // sea, ocean, the

hav'blik'sdag' c day of
dead calm

havn c -er haven, harbor

hei c -er upland, ridge,
mountain side

heise // hoist, run up

hel r whole, entire

heist (s n pi of gjerne) espe-
cially, preferably, partic-

hen away; hvor

hen in whatever direc-
i hente / fetch, bring away,

carry off, get
' her here

hesple 7 reel, wind up (see
note on 1. 70)

hevn c revenge

hin hint nine yon(der),

hjem home; adv hjem
homeward, home; hjem-
me at home; staa hjem-
me stay at home, re-
main at home

hjerte n -r heart

holde holdt holdt hold;
ut hold out, endure

hos near, by, at, with, be-
side, at the house of

hugg n thrust, blow,

hugge 7 (pant sometimes
hug) hew, slash, jab,
thrust, drive into

hul r hollow, deep

hun hendes hende she

hus H house, cottage

hustru c -er wife

hvad rel what, that which,
which, that

hvas -t -se sharp, piercing;
hvast valiantly, keenly,
with determination

hver -t each, every; -
mand everybody, every

hverken neither; hverken
- eller neither

hvid (old) see hvit

hvile c rest, repose


hvis if, in case

hvit r white, pale

hvitmalt e white-paint-
ed, white

hvitne 7 become white,
turn pale

hvor where, how; hvor
hen wherever,
whithersoever, which-
ever way, whither

hvaelv arch, vault,
vaulted room

hytte c -r cabin

haeve I lift, raise, take up

h0i r high, tall; h0it camp
h0iere, loud(er); h0it
high; h0it oppe far ad-
vanced, well along;
h0iest highest, deepest,

h0re II hear

h0st c -er fall, autumn;
om h0sten in the

i in, into, at, at the time
of, throughout, for, dur-
ing, on, upon

iblandt among, intermin-
gled, scattered among

igjen again, once more

igjennem through

ikke not

il c haste; med in haste

ind into, in

In'denfor' within, inside,
' further in, nearer shore

inderst (sitpl of ind) in-
nermost; derinde far-
thest within, at the
furthermost point in the

indover in, inward(s), in-
shore, toward land

indtil' until

ingen intet ingen adj no;
pron no one, nobody;
intet nothing

is c -e(r) ice

ja yes, indeed

jage jog jaget chase, pur-
sue, speed, flash

jeg min mig I

jer see du

jevn r even, steady

jolle c -r yawl, jolly-boat,
a kind of rowboat

jord c earth, soil, land,

jungmand c (Jung is Ger-
man) ordinary seaman,
apprentice on shipboard

just just, exactly; ei
not exactly

jy(d)sk e Jutland (ish)


kalde II call, name; -
for call

kammeraf c -er comrade,
companion, shipmate,

kamp c -e(r) contest, fight,

kanhaeride perhaps, may-
be, possibly

kant c -er edge

kapteih c -er captain

kind -er cheek

kirke c -r church

kjende If know, be ac-
quainted with, recog-
nize, feel; sig feel,



feel oneself to be; kjen-
des be seen, be apparent

kjending c -er acquaint-
ance, friend

kjaek -t -ke brave, proud,
haughty, arrogant

kjaempe c -r giant

kj0rspor n wake

kj0rvanrf n wake; kj0lvan-
dets spor, wake

kj0pe // buy, purchase

klar r clear, bright, fair;
at gaa to clear, to get
around, to steer clear of

klarhet c clearness, clarity

klinge klang klinget
sound, resound, ring
(out), clank, clang, clash

knegt c -er rascal, rogue,
fellow, chap

kneise kneiste kneiset
strut, carry the head

knipe knep knepet pinch;
da vaerst det knep when
the crisis was at its
worst, in the worst

knae n -r knee; i on
one's knees, kneeling

kommarido c command;
svigte fail to respond
to the wheel, become
unmanageable, get out
of hand, get beyond con-

komme kom kommet come,
arrive; fra leave, go
away from; op mot
compare with; paa
come about, come to
pass, happen

kommune c -r community,
parish, associated char-
ities, poorhouse

kone c -r woman, wife

konge c -r king

korvef c -ter corvet, sloop
(of war)

koste / cost

krabat c -er fellow, chap,
wild fellow

kraft c krasfter power,
might, strength

kraftig -e strong,
powerful, able

kreds c -er circle, ring,
circle of friends, as-
sociates or acquaint-

krig c -e war

krydser c -e cruiser

kraeve krasvde kraevd (or
7) demand, demand re-
stitution (of)

kr0ke II bend, bow down

kule / blow

kun only

kvalm c suffocating air

kvit -e (see note on 1.

kysse kysset (or kyste)
kys(se)t kiss

kyst c -er coast, shore,

la(te) lot latt let, leave,

lag H ; gi det glatte

give a broadside, fire a


lakke I (impersonal) ap-
' proach, draw nigh


land // land(e) land, coun-

landjorcf c land, dry land

landlov shore leave, fur-

lang r long; laengere far-
ther, further; ei laenge-
re no further, no other;
laa laengst i havn had
been long in the harbor,
had been at anchor in
the harbor for some time

lang'gruncf c ' long sand
bank or reef

larm c noise, roar, rush

last c -er burden, load,

lav r low

le lo ledd laugh, smile; det
lo there was a laugh

led c fairway, inshore
channel, still water be-
tween sunken rocks and

let te easy; falde be


lette / lift

leve 7 (or levde levd) live,

lid (old) see lit

lide led ledet (of time)
wear on, approach

lide led lidt suffer, endure

ligge laa ligget lie, be
situated, rest; med
fisk be at the wharf
with fish for sale

lik ; like

likesom as it were, so to
speak, as though

Mile see liten

lin flax, yarn

Imrfveirsb0r c mild weath-
er breeze(s), soft
. wind(s)

lit c confidence, faith,

liten litet l< f Mile) /,'
smaa little, small, tiny;
litt a little

litt ad i- (a) little, a trifle,
a little way, a short dis-

liv n life, excitement,
animation, waist; ha

lods o -er pilot

los(s) lost losse loose,
free; komme get
free, push off

lukke / close, shut; lukt

luvart; til , to windward

lyde I0d lydt sound

lykke c chance, luck, hap-

lyn n flash of lightning

lys / light, fair

lyse // shine, (of the
dawn) break; lysende
bright, sunny

lyst c -er pleasure, delight,

lyst re / obey, answer the

lae lee; i (to) leeward

laegge la lagt lay, place;
lagdes, was buried, wa?
laid to rest

laenges laengtes (bar) laen-
ges long, long for, pine;
hjem long for home,
be homesick


laeng'selsblik' n longing

I0fte I lift; hans hjerte

Ipftet sig his heart grew

I0p n course, approach,

channel, fairway
Ipse // loose, free
I0sne / loosen, melt, break



maaneskiriskvelcf c -er
moonlit evening

maatte maa maatte maat-
tet must, have to, be

mager -t magre thin, ema-

magt r power, force,
strength, upper hand

mak r ease; i at ease,
in a leisurely manner

mand c msend d>l mand
when used of groups of
men in a military or
naval sense, as in 1. 157)

mange many

mangen mangt mange
many a

mast c -er mast

mat -te faint, feeble

matros c -er sailor, mariner

med with, together with,
too, regarding, in

mellem between, among

men but

men c and H harm, hurt,
injury, damage

mene II mean, think, be-
lieve, be of the opinion

] menneske n -r person,
man, human being

mens while

mers n ; fra from, on
the lookout (see note on
1. 108)

mig see jeg

mildt gently

min mit mine my, mine;
alt mit, everything of
mine, everything I pos-

minde n -r memory, recol-
lection, remembrance
| mindes mindtes (har) min-
des remember, recollect

mindre, mindst conip and
xii pi of liten; mindre
nflr less

miste I lose, miss

misvekst c bad harvest,
crop failure

moder (old) see mor

modig -e brave, cour-
ageous, plucky

mor (older moder) c m0-
dre mother

morgen r -er morning

morild c phosphorescence,
sea fire

mot toward, against, at,
(just) before

mund f -e(r) mouth, lips

m0te If meet


naar when, whenever
nakke c -r neck, shoul-

der(s); bsere nakken

carry one's head
nat e nagtter night
navn name, fame



ned(e) down

negl c -er nail, finger nail

nei no, well

ni nine

nogen noget nogen some,
any; (et) noget. some-

nok probably, undoubtedly,
no doubt, I suppose, I
dare say, apparently, to
be sure

Norge Norway

norsk -e Norse, Norwe-

nu now, by now, by this

ny r new; paa anew,

1 3

Online LibraryHenrik IbsenHenrik Ibsen's Terje viken → online text (page 3 of 4)