Henrik Marczali.

Hungary in the eighteenth century online

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• head of Foreign organisations. The Army. The Serbs. The Jews. The
King's control over the revenues of the Mines. Only part of his income is voted by
Parliament The quota of the Court. Postal Service. Great difference between the
legal right and the actual power of Parliament in Hungary.

III. pp. 321 — 327. The King of Hungary as sovereign of Bohemia and Austria.
< lonfederation of the Estates (1606). Conquest of Bohemia (1620-21). " Empire" of

rgs. Catholicism; aristocracy. Results in Hungary. Protestantism van-
quished : jus resistenoH abolished (1687). Obstacles. National feeling. Hungary is
content.

IV. pp. 327 — 347. Instruments of the King. Dicasteria. Chancellery. Its
activity. Dependence upon the King. Its members. Consilium locumtenentiale.
Its legal independence and actual nullity. Its instructions. Weak side of its system.
The Curia and the King's Bench. Abuses. National spirit. The Royal Chamber.

n spirit; unpopularity. The counties and the /b'ispdn.

V- PP- 347—357- The diploma inaugurate. History. Power of law. Coro-

nation. It> singular importance. Maria Teresa's diploma. Influence of Parliament.

datine. The taxes. The nobles have exemption from taxation. Insurrection.

Decadence of Parliament. National organs really to be found in the assemblies of the

counties and in the Courts of Law.



Appendix I. Money, Weights and Measures 358 — 9

Appendix II. Di of the County of Pest 360—1

Appendix III. Number of the Portae of the Counties and Royal Free

Boroughs, 1723-1847 362—4

Appendix IV. .speculum Modemi Temporis 365—7

Glossary and Subject-Index .'.69—77



I. LIST OF THE KINGS OF HUNGARY.



I. House' of Arpctd.
Prince Arpad, about 900.
Ge"za, 972-997-

„ Stephen (Vajk), 997-1000,
then afterwards
King Stephen (Saint), 1000-38.

„ Peter, 1038-41.

„ Samuel Aba, 1041-44.

„ Peter (re-established), 1044-46.
Andreas I, 1046-60.
Bela I, 1060-63.
Salomon, 1063-74.
Ge'za I, 1074-77.
Ladislas I (Saint), 1077-95.
Koloman, the Scholar, 1095-1116.
Stephen II, 11 16-31.
Be"la II, the Blind, 1131-41.
Ge"za II, 1 141-62.
Ladislas II, 1162.
Stephen III, 1162-72.
Stephen IV (Anti-King), 1163.
Bela III, 1172-96.
Emeric, 1 196-1204.
Ladislas III, 1204-5.
Andreas II, 1205-35.
Bela IV, 1235-70.
Stephen V, 1270-72.
Ladislas IV (Kun), 1272-90.
Andreas III, 1290-1301.

II. Kings of different Houses.

Charles Robert of Anjou, 1301-1342 1 .
Anti-Kings 2 . Wenceslas of Bohemia,
1 301 -4; Otto of Bavaria, 1305-8.
Louis I the Great, 1342-82.

[After 1370 also King of Poland.]



Mary, 1382-85.

Charles I of Anjou, 1385-86.

Mary and her husband Sigismund

of Luxemburg, 1387-95.
Sigismund (alone), 1395— 1437.

[From 1410 also Emperor.]
Albert (Habsburg), 1438-39.

[Also Emperor as Albert II.]
Wladislav I Jagello, 1440-44.

[Also King of Poland.]
Ladislas V, Habsburg, 1445-57.
(John Hunyadi, Regent, 1446-53.)
Matthias I Hunyadi (Corvinus), 1458-

90.

[After 1469 also King of Bohemia.]
Wladislav II Jagello, 1490-15 16.

[Also King of Bohemia.]
Louis II, 1516-26.

[Also King of Bohemia.]

III. House of Habsburg.

Ferdinand I 3 , 1527-64.

[Emperor from 1556.]
(Anti-King John Zapolya, 1526-40.)
Maximilian I, 1564-76.

[As Emperor Maximilian II.]
Rudolph, 1 576-1608.

[As Emperor Rudolph II.]
Matthias II, 1608-19.
Ferdinand II, 1619-37.
Ferdinand III 4 , 1637-57.
Leopold I, 1657-1705.
Joseph I, 1705-11.
Charles III, 171 1-40.

[As Emperor Charles VI.]
Maria Teresa, 1740-80.
Joseph II, 1780-90.



1 Stephen V's great grandson in the female line.

2 Both descending in the female line from Bela.

3 Wladislav IPs son-in-law. N.B. Ferdinand and all the subsequent rulers of
Hungary were also Kings of Bohemia and Holy Roman Emperors except, of course,
Maria Teresa, who could not succeed to the last dignity.

4 His son Ferdinand IV was crowned King of Hungary, but died (1654) before
his formal accession.



II. LIST OF PRINCES OF TRANSYLVANIA.



1526-40. [John I Zapolya, also claimant to Hungarian Crown.]

1540-71. John II Sigismund Zapolya.

1571-75. Stephen I Bathory [after 1575 King of Poland.]

1576-81. Christopher Bathory, regent.

1 581-1600. Sigismund II Bathory.

1600-4. Emperor Rudolph II.

1604-6. Stephen II Bocskay.

1607. Sigismund III Rakoczi.

1608-13. Gabriel Bdthory.

1613-29. Gabriel Bethlen (Bethlen Gabor).

1630-48. George I Rakoczi.

1648-60. George II Rakoczi.

[Claimants, Francis Redei, Achatius Barcsai, 1658-61.]

1661-63. John Kemeny.

1663-90. Michael I Apafi.

1690-91. Michael II Apafi, d. 1702.

1 691 . Emperor Leopold I, recognised by the Estates of Transyl-
vania, 1694.
[Claimant, Francis II Rakoczi, 1703-11.]

1764. Transylvania becomes a Grand-Duchy.



EXPLANATION OF THE MAP (i).



LIST OF THE COUNTIES IN HUNGARY



Cis-Danubian District.



Bacs.
Pest.

Nograd.

Zolyom.

Hont.

Esztergom.

Bars.

Nyitra.

Pozsony.

Trencsen.

Turocz.

Arva.

Lipto.



Trans- Dan ubian District.

Moson.

Sopron.

Gydr.

Komarom.

Fejer.

Veszpre"m.

Vas.

Zala.

Somogy.

Tolna.

Baranya.

Cis- Tiszan District.

Szepes (Zips district, part of which
was recovered by Hungary from
Poland, 1772).

Gomor.

Heves.

Borsod.

Torna.

Abauj.

Saros.

Zemplen.

Ung.

Bereg.

Trans- Tiszan District.

Mdramaros.

Ugocsa.

Szatmdr.



Szabolcs.

Bihar.

Bekes.

Csongrad.

Csanad.

Arad.

Krasso.

Temes.

Torontal.



The banat (outside Hun-
garian administration till
1780, v. p. 318).



Partium (partes regni Hun-

GARIAE ADNEXAE), i.e. Cis-

Tiszan Counties attached to
Transylvania, v. pp. 332 note
and 350.

Zarand.
Kraszna.
Kozep-Szolnok.
Kovar videke.

District of the Drave (Slavonia-
Totorszag annexed to Hun-
gary, I75O-50-

Szerem.

Verocze.

Posega.

Croatia (horvatorszag).

Kords.

Varasd.

Zagrab.

Privileged District.

Jaszsag (Iazygia).

Kis-Kunsag (Little Cumania, v. pp.

104, 197).
Nagy-Kunsag (Great Cumania, v.

pp. 104, 197).
Hajdu-varosok ("Hajdu" towns, v.

pp. 104, 167—70).
Tenger-Part (Coast or Littoral, i.e.

Fiume, Buccari, etc., annexed to

Hungary, 1776, v. pp. 76 — 80).

The Military Frontiers remained
outside the jurisdiction of Hungary
even after 1780 (v. pp. 318—9).



EXPLANATION OF THE MAP (2).



Online LibraryHenrik MarczaliHungary in the eighteenth century → online text (page 1 of 42)