Henry Asbury.

Reminiscences of Quincy, Illinois, containing historical events, anecdotes, matters concerning old settlers and old times, etc online

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At the office of County Clerk Haselwood, we were yesterday shown the
following statement of the tax levy in the city and county for 1874, which
will be forwarded to the Auditor of State as required by law. The follow-
ing is the statement:



Lands .

Personal Property.








The following are the amounts of the various taxes :

State tax $ 81,630 22

County tax 71,669 83

Town tax 8,100 74

District school tax 65,481 40

Delinquent road tax 5,554 96

Highway and bridge tax 13,051 09

Corporation tax 2,993 96

Sidewalk tax 205 50

Back tax 4,329 13

State tax (interest on bonds) 46,824 11

Sny Levee tax 2,656 83

Total tax OH town lots and personal property $302,497 86


The following is a list of the tax levied upon railroad companies :

C., B. & Q., main line $ 9,316 09

C., B. & Q., Burlington line 7,981 98

T., W. & W 3,715 84

Quincy, Alton & St. Louis 1,239 78

Total railroad tax $ 22,253 69

Total amount of tax levied in the county $324,751 55

The following is the total amount of tax levied in the several townships :

Clayton $ 9,161 55

North East 8,055 82

Camp Point 16,305 64

Houston '. 6,533 39

Honey Creek 7,598 93

Keene 5,548 34

Lima 6,966 01

Mendon 13,869 97

Ursa 8,782 24

Gilmer 7,689 01

Columbus 5,556 60

Concord 4,384 49

McKee 3,671 89

Liberty 6,973 66

Burton 6,929 10

Beverly 4,261 97

Richfield 4,863 90

Payson 12,460 85

Ellington 17,208 66

Melrose 11,866 30

Fall Creek 10,931 47

City of Quincy 122,598 70

Of the amount of tax levied in the City of Quincy, $46,824.11 is to pay
interest on the bonds of the city. The amount levied in the city for
county purposes is $33,454.59. Before the recent change in the revenue law
the city paid annually $3,000 as its share of tax for county purposes and
supported its own paupers. Under the present arrangement, the city pays
the same rate for county purposes as the townships, and the paupers are
supported out of the county fund.



NDER this head 1 do not propose to run into lengthy
biographies or extended eulogies of the dead, or of praise
of the living. In this humble effort I do not propose to attempt
to rival "Plutarch's Lives" or "Boswell's Johnson." All those
we have deemed our greatest or best men now dead will no
doubt be well written about by abler pens than mine. To be
very candid, I hardly think that most of our great men, when
living, would have desired that I should be their biographer.
Men of genius and distinction we have certainly had among us
here in Quincy a good many of them. Of such lawyers as
Archibald Williams, O. H. Browning, N. Bushnell, O. C. Skinner,
William A. Richardson, Peter Lott, and some others, now all
dead, I have already written in short sketches of bench and bar,
which may be added to this book.

Of such physicians as Joseph N. Ralston, Adam Nichols,
Samuel W. Rogers, Hiram Rogers, C. A. W. Zimmerman, Sr.,
and others, likewise all dead, I must attempt no biographies.
These all still live in that most valuable history, though mainly
unwritten, remaining in the memories oi their successors in their
honored profession.

Our earliest lawyers here before 1831 were John E. Jeffers,
Louis Masquerier, George Logan, James H. Ralston, Archibald
Williams, O. H. Browning, and soon after Robert R. Williams,
James W. Whitney, Thomas Ford, afterwards Governor,


Adolphus Hubbard, who became Lieutenant Governor and died
here, his remains lying in the present Court House square. Of
what might be called our second batch of lawyers, here from
1835 to 1847, there were the following: M. D. Browning,
Henry Asbury, Peter Lott, William Darling, Jacoby Halleck,
Ebenezer Moore, Calvin A. Warren, N. Bushnell; in 1837,
Andrew Johnston; 1836, John R. Randolph, Charles Gilman,
Almeron Wheat; 1839, Charles A. Savage, Horace S. Cooley;
1840, Philo A. Goodwin; 1841, J. Quinn Thornton, William H.
Ralston, James M. Burt, Louis M. Booth, E. J. Phillips, William
H. Benneson; 1843, Isaac N. Morris, Egbert A. Thompson,
Charles B. Lawrence, Charles H. Milner, Isaac M. Grover,
Abraham Jonas, Perkins Cleveland; 1847, Adolphus Engleman,
David L. Hough, George C. Dixon, Peachy R. Gilmer, Charles
W. Billington, Joseph M. Higbee, George Williams he died in

1833 or 34, his widow became Elizabeth Lindsay, the founder
of the Lindsay Church Home Seth C. Sherman, Onias C.
Skinner; 1845, Jonathan M. Bassett, Bushrod W. Lott, Homer
Parr and John Tillson. Many of these are now dead, many of
them were not in practice when in 1847 the list was made, and
many of them have moved away. Only about twelve out of
this list of forty-six, as above, are known to be now living.

The first physician, as stated, who settled here was Dr. Baker,
from New York, in 1826. In 1827 Dr. Harrison, and in 1833
Dr. Ralston, both from Kentucky, came here. Not later than

1834 Doctors S. W. Rogers, Shepherd, Hornsby, Hiram
Rogers and McKee, but later, though among early physicians,
came Josiah Conyers.

In the year 1840, prompted mainly by members of the Quincy
Library Association, a club of ten gentlemen here formed them-
selves into the Quincy Historical Club, formed for the preserva-
tion of early historical events in Quincy and the Mississippi
Valley. This club consisted of John R. Randolph, Peter Lott,
S. W. Rogers, William H: Taylor, E. J. Phillips, Daniel Stahl,
Almeron Wheat, Isaac M. Grover, C. M. Woods and Henry
Asbury. At the instance of other citizens outside of the club,
among them Joseph T. Holmes, Esq., the City Council we
think some time after passed a resolution that the subject of a
history of Quincy should be recommended to the club, and it
designated Peter Lott, E. J. Phillips and Henry Asbury to col-
lect materials and prepare such history. This committee went
to work, and through interviews with old settlers, such as John


Wood, Willard Keyes and others, collected and wrote down
many items concerning our early settlements and settlers. All
this material, in its original and hastily prepared shape, is in
the possession of the writer. A good many of the items have
from time to time been furnished to our papers by Mr. Keyes,
General Tillson, the writer and others. The committee of the
club at first went to work collecting materials with great dili-
gence. An introductory chapter was partly written by Judge
Lott, and there it stopped. At that time we were all three of us
busy men. Captain Phillips went away, as also in time Judge
Lott. They are both now dead, "and I alone am left to tell the
story." Kind reader, let this recital be my apology for attempt-
ing this work.

I find among the papers collected a memorandum relating to
Quincy, without date, but in the hand-writing of Judge Lott.
I am not able to fix the precise date this paper should bear, but
think it must have been written between 1846 and 1848. It is
as follows:

Hotels Quincy House, Virginia Hotel, Front Street House,
Quincy Hotel, American House, Clinton House, Travellers'
Home. Breweries Frances', Washington, Delabar's. Beer
shops, licenses $200 Clinton Lunch, Alhambra, Keise's, Quincy
House, Arthur's. Bakeries John P. Nelch's, Ergott's, Lilly-
bridge's, Green's, Kendall's. Saddlers Bernard & Lockwood,
Boyd & Allen, Day, Griffin, Ohnemus, Craig. Drug stores
Hoffman's, Taylor & Bro.'s, Flachs & Doway's. Confec-
tioneries Kendall's, Lillybridge's, Snyders, Manly's, Nelch's,
Ergott's, William Foot's. Tailors Parker, Brougham, Bert,
Alger, McGowan, Cody, Groneger, Fred. Smith, Lakey,
Emery, E. M. Davis, Dell and Pool. Blacksmiths Slack, Step-
perfield, Potts, McFarland, Vanfleet, Dills, RuorT, Hilborn and

I also find without date, but I believe it should not be later
than 1847 or 8 say at least thirty-four years ago a list of our
business men, but which also contains a few of the above
names, viz:

Vannest, Keis, Danake,

John Schell, Stone, Flagg,

Goodpasture, Thompson, Church,

Whipple, Karnes, Truefit,

Slaughter, Russell, Thayer,

Miller, Brawley, Brown,

Bidwell, Steinburg, De Young,


King & Jasper, Roth, Vincent,

Pope & Co., Meier, Powers,

Bishop, Murphy, Fletcher,

Laage, Newcomb, E. M. Davis,

Jones & Wheeler, Shultz, Whitney,

Caffrey, Jonas, Field,

Barker, Msertz, Brittingham,

Sage, Konantz, Fisher,

Dorman, Emerson, Brown &McClintock,

Manzey, Wilgard, Clows,

Schultheis, Mrs. Smith, Weber,

Payne, Louvinet, Butze,

Smith, Comstock, Doak & Timberman,

Tandy & Sawyer, Allen, Simister,

Chapman, Brown & Dimock, Rice,

Ruoff, Bull, Arthur.

Among the memoranda collected by our committee and

now in my possession, I find the following, which I believe

should be dated in 1848:


Joseph Galbreath, from Pennsylvania, in 1835, boss.

Philip Slagle, from Germany, here four years, boss.

William Hellerman, from Germany, here two years, journey-

J. Miller, from Germany, here one year, boss.

Casper Ruff, from Germany, here eight years, boss.

R. and Sartell, from Massachusetts, here ten years, bosses.

A. Travis, from Ohio, here four years, boss.

John Amerman, raised in Illinois, journeyman.

J. N. Botts, from New York, here three years, boss.

Harrison Dills, from Virginia, here fifteen years, boss.

Henry L. Beckett, from Missouri, here twelve years, boss.

J. Richardson, from Ohio, here three years, journeyman.

William McCoy, from Ohio, here six years, journeyman.

Jacob Parsons, from Massachusetts, here eleven years, journey-

John Spece, from Germany, here four years, journeyman.

Abraham Vanfleet, from New Jersey, here ten years, boss.

Lewis Slack, from Delaware, here eight years, boss.

Joseph R. Hilborn, from Maine, here nine years, boss.

Reason Cross, from Virginia, here ten years, journeyman.

John Valentine, from Ohio, here two years, journeyman.

William Orr, from Ohio, here two years, journeyman.

Alexander McFarland, from New York> here ten years,



The following list was furnished to our committee in 1848
thirty-three years ago and most probably was intended to in-
clude all their names since 1830 to date. Thus: Brazilla Clark,
Harrison Clark. The first was one of our earliest Justices of
the Peace. Once upon a time he had tried a case, and in his
decision gave offense to one of the parties. A few days after,
whilst Brazilla was plowing in his field, the offended- litigant
came to him and gave him an awful cursing. For this the
Justice fined him for contempt. The case finally went to the
Supreme Court, and is, as I believe, reported in Breese. The
fine was sustained.

Philip Sherman came in 1831 from ,New York

Samuel Hedges came in 1833 from New York

Henry King came from New York

Henry W. Miller came in 1830 from New York

James Beaham came in 1840 from Ohio

John Beaham came in 1842 from Ohio

Henry L. Simmons came in 1835 from New York

David Demaree came in 1835 from New York

Daniel Demaree came in 1835 from New York

Charles Gurn came in 1835 from Pennsylvania

David McCreary came in 1835 from Pennsylvania

Amos W. Harris came in 1834 from Kentucky

Samuel Jackson came in 1836 from Ohio

Jackson came in 1845 from Ohio

John Belch came in 1837 from New York

Chambers came in 1833 from Maine

T. C. King came in 1832 from Kentucky

Robert Bangs came in 1833 from Maine

John Bangs came in 1833 from Maine

Newton Cloud came in 1838 from Ohio

Porter Smith came in 1836 from Ohio

Augustus Kraber came in 1837 from .Pennsylvania

Frederick G. Johnson came in 1837 from Pennsylvania

George Fulkrod came in 1837 from Pennsylvania

Robert Morgan came in 1839 from Delaware

Robert F. Morgan came in 1839 from Pennsylvania

William Morgan came in 1839 from Pennsylvania

John Morgan came in 1839 from Pennsylvania

George Morgan came in 1839 from Pennsylvania

Robert S. Benneson came in 1837 from.... Pennsylvania

William Benneson came in 1837 from Pennsylvania

John Crockett came in 1837 from Massachusetts

Charles Howland came in 1837 from Massachusetts

Silas Houghton came in 1836 from Massachusetts

Jared Blansett came from Maryland

Bowman came in 1837 from

Morse came in 1837 from..., ....


George Miller came in 1837 from Maryland

Nathaniel Summers came in 1830 from Kentucky

George Baughman came in 1837 from Maryland

Joseph Stanley came in from

John Craig came in from

John McDade came in 1833 from Kentucky

James McDade came in 1833 from Kentucky

William Williams came in 1836 from New York

Campbell came in 1837 from Maryland

Quigg came in 1837 from Maryland

William Hague came in 1837 from England

Joseph Harvey came in 1836 from New York

James Gregg came in 1836 from Kentucky

Nathaniel Cheeney came in 1833 from Massachusetts

John Huckins came in 1833 from Maine

John Cleveland came in 1834 from Massachusetts

John Cleveland came in 1835 from Ohio

Dan Whyers came in 1837 from

DavidWalters came in 1837 from

Amos Green came from Pennsylvania

Joseph Welch came in 1844 from Pennsylvania

David G. Anderson came in 1847 from Pennsylvania

R. G.Simpson came in 1840 from Pennsylvania

David Wood came in 1837 from Massachusetts

James Jamison came in 1845 from Kentucky

Todd came in 1846 from Kentucky

Asa Fox came in 1838 from Connecticut

Daniel Atkinson came in 1836 from Ohio

Sol Phenegar came in 1836 from Ohio

John Garnett came in 1836 from Connecticut

William Rowland came in 1837 from Massachusetts

Thomas Winters came in 1834 from England

Samuel Winters came in 1834 from England

Orrin Hedges came in 1834 from New York

William Squires came in 1833 from Kentucky

Martin Turner came in 1833 from , Kentucky

Reuben Turner came in 1833 from Kentucky

Granville Turner came in 1833 from Kentucky

William Richardson came in 1831 from Kentucky

Elijah Corwin came in 1833 from New York

William Millard came in 1835 from -....Michigan

Ralph came in 1834 from Maryland

Nathan Dalby came in 1835 from Ohio

James Dalby came in 1835 from Ohio

Rufus Underwood came in 1846 from Iowa

James C Sprague came in 1831 from New York

Joseph Lyman came in 1837 from Connecticut

Ryan Brittingham came in 1837 from Maryland

Beauchamp came in 1838 from Kentucky

James Burrill came in 1837 '. Connecticut

Hugh Barr came in 1840 from Pennsylvania

Whitcomb came in 1836 from Massachusetts


Caleb Story came in 1844 from Rushville

Andrew Fee came in 1845 from , Virginia

George Mclntyre came in 1836 from Virginia

J. I.Whitney came in 1838 from Ohio

Cavitt came in 1845 from

L. K. Hamilton came in 1843 from

Eaton Littlefield came in 1837 from Maine

August Littlefield came in 1837 from Maine

Charles Swett came in 1837 from Maine

Nathan Dresser came in 1837 from ...New York

Thomas Temple came in 1836 from Virginia

James Woodcock came in 1840 from Pennsylvania

Jacob Woodcock came in 1840 from Pennsylvania

Adolph Keltz came in 1834 from Germany

Ira Fagg (Ivory) came in 1833 from Massachusetts

Edward Wooters came in 1840 from Kentucky

Solomon Wooters came in 1840 from Kentucky

Wesley Wooters came in 1840 from Kentucky

Benjamin Worrell came in 1834 from Pennsylvania

B. T. Osborn came in 1835 from New York

C. B. Churchill came in 1835 from New York

- - Johnson came in 1837 from : Scotland

George Bledsoe came in 1837 from Kentucky

Edward Turner came in 1834 from Maine

Joseph Stockelman came in 1835 from Connecticut

George Bowers came in from Maryland

Samuel Bowers came in from .Maryland

Loar Bowers came in from Maryland

Joel Thorn came in from Pennsylvania

Frederick Miller came in 1847 from Germany

Q. S. Barton came in 1843 from Connecticut

James Orr came in 1846 from

William Kelley came in 1846 from ;

George Bittleson came in 1844 from England

McMahan came in 1837 from Ireland

William Bowen came in 1843 from ...Ireland

Joseph Long came in 1837 from Ireland

James Samples came in 1836 from Ohio

Stephen George came in 1840 from ;... Indiana

Joshua Kelleson came in 1837 from ;.... Virginia

William Ashford came in 1837 from...* ....Virginia

This list includes about 130 names old citizens will remem-
ber most of them. Many of them we know to be dead. Some
of them deserve more than this passing notice, but we can do
no more.

We have had here a number of business men engaged in
merchandizing, who, though quite early in the field, had gone
out of business before 1848, among them John W. McFadon.
This gentleman at first had a store at what was then called
Bear Creek, in this county, now known as Marcelline. He was


not generally or all the time at Bear Creek, spending a great
part of every year in Baltimore. After closing the Bear Creek
store, or perhaps even before, Mr. McFadon had for a time
a retail store in Quincy, on the north side, and upon closing
this store he finally went out of business, devoting the remainder
of his life to the management of his private affairs, never seek-
ing or holding any office. In the early times every dry goods
and miscellaneous store, especially in the country, kept on tap a
barrel of whisky, to be retailed to the farmers in quantities of
not less than one quart. During the harvest time whisky was
deemed absolutely necessary in the harvest field. Mr. McFadon,
when he left the store for Baltimore, instructed his clerk
especially not to sell liquor in a less quantity . than the law
allowed. No license was required for selling in the prescribed
quantities, and he took out none. Whilst he was away, there
came to the store one day a man who persuaded the clerk to sell
him a pint of whisky, and then he gave information to the
grand jury, and Mr. McFadon was indicted for selling a pint of
whisky without license. The trial came on, and Mr. Browning
defended, proving that the defendant was not in the State at the
time of the alleged selling, and that he had given strict orders
to the clerk not to sell whisky in less quantities than was
allowed by law. The clerk himself swore to this, and that he
alone was responsible. At that time Alpheus Wheeler, from
Pike, was in the habit of attending our Circuit Courts, then
held in the old log court house 1835 and he was the cause of
creating great fun in his speeches, not only in himself but in
other men who heard him. Some of our jolly young fellows
around town made up a pony purse for a fee to get Wheeler to
assist in the prosecution in this case, and the prosecuting attor-
ney gave Wheeler the closing speech. Mr. Browning hardly
felt it necessary to say much to the jury in defense, mainly
dwelling upon the facts that the defendant was in no way re-
sponsible for the sale of the liquor and was not in the State at
the time, and the act was in positive disobedience to his special
instructions, as testified to by the clerk. But in the closing
argument Wheeler came forward for a big speech. He ranted
and raved loudly, being heard all over town, and this brought
a crowd to hear what was going on. The very appearance and
manner of Wheeler in full blast cast a broad grin upon every
face. All seemed to enter into the matter as a great joke.
Among many other things, Wheeler said, substantially: "Now,


gentlemen of the jury, the distinguished attorney for the defense
seems inclined to treat this matter as a very little thing, and to
put the blame upon the poor clerk. Now, gentlemen, whose
whisky was that? I tell you, gentlemen, that whisky belonged
to this defendant. Who got the pay for it?" By the way, the
man who bought it did not pay for it at all; it was not even
charged on the books, as stated by the clerk. The defendant
was in Baltimore when the trial took place, and Mr. Browning
had entered his appearance. "Now, gentlemen of the jury, let
us look at this thing a little thing well, yes, it is a very little
thing, but criminal practices always begin with little things. If,
gentlemen, you see a fellow going around with a bridle in his
hand, before long you will see him with a saddle, and gentle-
men, farmers, of this jury, look out for your hoss." Anticipating
that the court would instruct the jury that if they believed, from
the evidence, that the whisky was sold by the clerk without
the knowledge or consent of the defendant, and during
his absence, they should find the defendant not guilty,
Wheeler addressed the jury upon the point of their own rights
and responsibilities, saying: "Gentlemen: With all due respect
for the court, I tell you that you are judges of both the 'law and
the evidence.' " The court, on the close of the argument, gave
the instructions asked for by the defendant's attorney, but after
retiring for about five minutes, the jury came in with a verdict
of guilty. I believe I have never seen our great attorney more
plagued by a verdict than on this occasion. When Mr.
McFadon returned from Baltimore, Mr. Browning wanted to
take up the case to the Supreme Court, but he said, "No; I
don't care; let it alone." I was present during this trial and
was satisfied that the jury simply entered into the joke of the
thing, for the whole proceeding appeared like a sort of legal
frolic, the defendant being rich and a gentleman, they thought,
increased the fun of it. I knew John W. McFadon well, seeing
him almost every day through many years. Among those who
knew him least, perhaps owing to his rather distant and re-
served manners and his careful and exact business habits, he
was to some extent regarded as a very close man. In any in-
jurious sense this was a great mistake. For many years, as is
known by most old citizens, the writer, perhaps oftener than
any other resident of Quincy, was called upon and somehow
expected to go around with all manner of subscription papers
to raise voluntary contributions for this and that, and especially


for political purposes. In this way I have applied to Mr.
McFadon for many charitable and political contributions. He
never would put his name to a paper to be handed around and
inspected by every one to whom it was presented, but he never
refused under the name of cash to contribute most liberally to
any effort to raise money for a laudable purpose. One of the
most upright, independent and honest men I ever knew was
John W. McFadon, and in writing this book I deem it- a duty
to speak of him as I knew him. I could mention many instances
where he gave liberally of his money to help the needy and
where his left hand should not know what his right hand had
done. I remember one instance which particularly illustrated
that most worthy characteristic in him: Upon an occasion, long
after Mr. McFadon had closed his mercantile career both at
Bear Creek and in Qumcy, and was residing on York street, in
the house in which he afterwards died, in passing from
his home through Fourth street to the public square, his
attention was attracted to the wretched and dilapidated condi-
tion of the dwelling of a widow. A storm the night before had
torn down the house and made havoc of the widow's home.
Mr. McFadon crossed the street, found the widow and gave her
all the money he had in his pocket I think twenty-five dollars
and without stopping to receive her thanks, came on and soon
came into my office, where he found some four or five of our
citizens who had somewhat accidentally come in. Within a few
minutes thereafter, Mr. Samuel P. Church came into the office
with a subscription paper in his hand and related the misfortune
of the widow. Each of the gentlemen in the office at once made
their contributions of one dollar until reaching Mr. McFadon,
and presenting the paper, Mr. Church was met with a quiet
refusal. At this all were a little astonished, and Mr. Church
did not fail to show his disgust. I, among the rest, by looks, at
least, manifested a little unpleasant feeling. I could see that
Mr. McFadon himself did not feel comfortable. The other
gentlemen soon left and after awhile Mr. McFadon also went out ;
but after dinner he again dropped in, seeming a little at a loss to
know whether he could or should reveal to me what was the
real state of the facts, but he finally said: "Now Squire, you
heard what was said to me here this morning, and I think you
all felt displeased with me, but I will tell you. I was at that

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Online LibraryHenry AsburyReminiscences of Quincy, Illinois, containing historical events, anecdotes, matters concerning old settlers and old times, etc → online text (page 10 of 22)