Henry C. (Henry Clemens) Pearson.

The rubber country of the Amazon : a detailed description of the great rubber industry of the Amazon valley, which comprises the Brazilian states of Pará, Amazonas and Matto Grosso, the territory of the Acre, the Montana of Peru and Bolivia, and the southern portions of Colombia and Venezuela online

. (page 12 of 12)
Online LibraryHenry C. (Henry Clemens) PearsonThe rubber country of the Amazon : a detailed description of the great rubber industry of the Amazon valley, which comprises the Brazilian states of Pará, Amazonas and Matto Grosso, the territory of the Acre, the Montana of Peru and Bolivia, and the southern portions of Colombia and Venezuela → online text (page 12 of 12)
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ACRE, The, Brazilian rule in

163, 165, 166, 167, 168

Cession of, by Bolivia 145

Climate 161

Government of 167

History 161, 162, 163

Rubber territory 161

Unexplored regions 168

Adulteration of rubber 38, 39

Amazonas, The (steamer) 179

Amazon river at Iquitos 154

between Brazil and Colombia.. 175

Depth of 89

Fishing boats on 18

Floating islands on 87

Floods 87, 88

Forest of 79

Mail service of 114

Mouth of 17, 18

Narrows of ' 79, 82

Palisades on 91, 92

Rise of 64

Source of 78

Steamers of 112, 113, 114

The "living river" 92

Width of 86, 89

Amazon Steam Navigation Co., 112, 113

Amazon Telegraph Co 83

Amazon valley, Rubber exports from 214

Americans in Brazil 34, 36, 118

Angostura rubber 175

Associagao Commercial do Ama-
zonas 114

A ttala excelsa palm nuts 69

Aviador, Business methods of the..
59, 60, 61, 62

BALATA in the Amazon country.. 51, 219

Barbados, Arrival in 4

as a health resort 11, 12

Clubs in 8

Cotton in 6

"Ekanda" in 5

Golf in 8, 9, 10

Manjack in . . , 6

Roads of /

Rubber in -

Sugar in . 5,8

Barracao, the rubber workers' hut 80
Batelaos (rubber boats) 119,121



Beetle, Borer, in Hevea 105

Beni river 136, 138

Beriberi 125

Birds on the Amazon 81

Bolivia, Climate of 148

Land concessions in, 142, 143, 144, 145

Railroads in 145

Rubber exports from 215

Rubber in the Montana of .... 138
Bolivian Steam Navigation Co. ..134, 135

Borracha 116

Brazil Railway Co 123

Brazilians, Characteristics of 34, 41

Breves, a rubber center 82

Brooklyn docks, Rubber at 201

Butterflies on the Amazon 82

Buzzards 81

CABLE stations 83

Cafe da Paz 34, 181

"Capoeira" land 186

Caqueta river 173

Casiquiare river, Rubber on, 117, 176, 177

Castilloa Ulei, Fungus on 45

growing with Hevca 51

the source of caucho 51, 154, 156

Caucho gathering in Peru

156, 157, 158, 159

Identification of, in Brazil ..51, 52

Meaning of the word 158

Cearenses (see Laborers, Contract).

Centipede, Experience with 48

Central Cotton Ginning Factory ... 6

Church, George Earl 135

Clubs at Barbados 8

at Para 33

Coagulating machines 75, 160

Coagulation of rubber 68

Codrington College 7

Colds, Tropical 108

Collins, James, quoted 189

Colombia, Rubber in 175

Commercial Association at Manaos

104, 106, 114

Congress, Rubber 93, 102

Consul, American, at Barbados....

American, at Para 30, 4

Conway, Sir Martin, quoted 189

Cotton in Barbados 5, 6

Continho (see Danin).



222



THE RUBBER COUXTRY



Cow tree 47

Cross, Robert, quoted 179

Cupussu 106

DA COSTA smoking coagulator 75

Damn's rubber coagulator 75

Dutch art 1

EKANDA rubber in Barbados 4

Estradas, Rubber 63, 65, 142

Exports of rubber from the Ama-
zon 214, 215

Export taxes on rubber 98

FARINHA in adulterating rubber.. 38, 39
Fever, Occurence of, on the Amazon 52

Tertian 148

Yellow 23, 24

Ficus elastica in Barbados 4

Fire department of Para 25

Floating islands 79

Forest conditions of Hevea 183

Forests, Tropical 183, 185, 186

Clearing the land of 186

Fungus on rubber 45

Funtuinia in Barbados 4.

GARDEN, Botanic, in Para 25

Public, in Barbados 12

Golf in Barbados 8, 9, 10

Gondoriz, Baron de, quoted 218

Gossypium Barbadense 6

Government, Municipal, in Brazil.. 58

Governor of Para, Visit to 30

Guapore river 170, 171

HAMBURG-AMERICAN excursions ... 34
Hevea Brasiliensis as a rubber

source 50

Fungus on 45

introduced into the Far East... 179

in Peru 159

in wet lands 85, 183

Naming of the 57

Nut of the 47

on the Negro 105

Overtapping of 45

planted in a Manaos park .... Ill

Yield of 71, 188

Hevea lutea 146

Hevea Guyanensis 107, 173

Hevea Randiana 50

Hevea Spruceana 50

Hevea, Varieties of 50, 219

Hotel in Barbados 10

Huber, Dr. Jacques

45, 49, 50, 51, 52, 75, 111

INDIANS, Friendly 128, 138

Peruvian 154



Indians, Preservation of human

heads by 130

Rubber manufacture by 129

Venezuelan 177

Wild 102, 136, 137

Iquitos 150, 151, 152, 154

Rubber exports from 215

Isla des Uncas (see Oncas Island).

Itacoatiara 92, 119

KONINKLIJKE West Indische Mail-
dienst 1, 2, 3, 4, 18

LABORERS, Contract. .. .62, 63, 64, 65, 67

Difficulty of securing 77

German 130, 131, 132

Rubber warehouse 41, 102

Lake 1 iticaca .146



'MXDEIRA-MAMORE railway

V JJL9, 123, 125, 128, 133, 134, 135, 136

MacIeTra river, Cataracts on ....119, 121
Difficulties of transportation.

Transportation rates 121, 125

Tributaries of 136

Manaos, Arrival at 93

Climate of 108

Commercial Association

104, 106, 114, 213

Experiment station in 102

Planting Hevea in Ill

Price of living in 98

Rubber houses 01 95

Subway of 97

Tram cars of 95

Manaos Harbor Co., Floating docks 100

Mangabeira rubber 172

Marajo island, Rubber on 73

Matto Grosso, rubber in 170

Milreis, the Brazilian money unit. . 23

Mimusops in the Brazils. .." .51. 75, 219

Monetary system, Brazilian 23

Moqueens 33

Morinha's rubber smoking apparatus 160

Mortality in rubber districts 168

Mosquitos, Malaria 23

Yellow fever 23, 108

Museu Goeldi 49

NAPO river 173

Negro (see Rio Negro).

Newspapers of Para 32

Nuts, Brazilian 99

for smoking rubber 99

OBIDOS, The town of 91

Ohio, A visiting manufacturer from

31, 32

Oncas island 43, 46, 47, 48. 86

Orinoco river 176

Orton river . 141



OF THE AMAZON



223



<( Ouro preto" 1 16

Ownership of estates 166, 167

PALM nuts for curing rubber 68

Para, Advantages of, in rubber pro-
duction 182, 183

Agricultural experiment station 182

a modern city 24, 25

Approach to 19, 20

a rival of Manaos 42

Carnival in 34

Clubs of 33

Farewell to 195

Fire department of 25, 26, 27

Gathering rubber in 159

Governor of 30, 31

History of 27, 28, 29

Intendente of 32

Mosquitos in 23

Newspapers of 32, 33

Office hours in 25

Population and situation of.... 29

reminder of Pans 24

Rubber house in 38, 40, 41

Rubber shoes made in 220

Vigilance of customs officials, 20, 21

Peru, Land concessions in 160

Montana of 150, 151, 154

Opening up of 151

Rubber exports from 215

Planting interest in Para and Ma-
naos 187

Port of Para 20, 123

Porto Velho newspapers 125

Pozelina 75

Prainha 88

Price of rubber in Para 41

Purus river 139

Putumayo river 173

RAILROAD system of Brazil 123

Railroads, Early efforts at building

134, 135, 136

Railway from Para 183

Riker's plantation (see Santarem).

Rio Negro, Entrance into 93

Hevea on the 105

the "dead river" 92

Trip up the 104

Rubber, Adulteration of... 38, 39, 40. 75

Angostura 175

Bolivian 138, 139, 140, 142, 146

Bolivian method of gathering. . 147
Bolivian method of branding. . 48

Branding 71

Cameta 71, 75

city, Para the 19

Coagulating 70, 73

Congress at Manaos 93, 102

Coarse Para 70

Early trade in 57



Rubber export statistics 214, 215

forest, Extent of 77

gathering on the Rio Negro 177

markets , . . 42

Aiatto Grosso 171, 172, 173

Native manufacture of 129

Palm nuts used in smoking

68, 69, 70

pelles, Size of 192, 194

Peruvian 152, 156

planting in Brazil 187, 188

prices and speculation 217

prices in Para 41

Purus 169

Rules for shipment of 16

selling conditions 216

ShrinKage of 216

Smoking 68, 69, 70

talk aboard steamer 16

Tapping and collecting of 67

tapping season 77, 188

Taxes on. . .59, 98, 142, 160, 165, 173

Test for adulterated 39

trees, Diseases of 45

trees, How reached 65, 66, 67

trees overtapped on Oncas

island 43, 44, 45

trees, Size of 71, 73

trees, Yield of 188, 189, 190

Unloading cargoes of 200, 201

Yield of 71, 188, 190

SALEM, Massachusetts, Rubber im-
ports at 220 1

San Antonio 125

Santarem - 90, 178, 179"

Sapium, Distribution of 75

Varieties of 50, 219

Savannah Club 8, 9

Season, Wet 169

Seringal, A 63, 64, 66

Seringueiro, Work of the 67, 68

Seringrina 75

Serpa (see Ttacoatiara).

Shoes, Rubber, made at Para 220

Shrinkage of rubber 216

Siphonia elastica 57

Smoking rubber 68, 70

Solimoes river

Southern Cross 85

Species of Balata 219

Castilloa 219

Hevca 219

Sapium 2

Speculation in rubber 217

Suarez, Nicolas 149. 162, 163

Sugar in Barbados 5. 7

TAPAJOS river 178

Tapping season 77, 188

tools for rubber 48



224



THE RUBBER COUNTRY



Tax, Assessment of export 194

Head, for travelers 118

on rubber exports 98

on rubber in Peru 160, 194

Thanks, The author's 213

Theatro Amazonas 110

Tocantins, The 18

Torres system for preserving latex 73

Trade winds 15

UCAYALI river 154

Ule, Ernest 45

Urucuru palm nuts 68

VENEZUELA rubber territory, 175, 176, 177

WAGES in rubber warehouses . 40



"Wall street" of Para 38, 40

Waterway from Manaos to the Ori-
noco 177

Waterways of Colombia 175

of Northern Brazil 121

West Indies 3, 4

Whitney, Casper 116

Wickham (H. A.), gathering rubber

seeds 179

Windmill for cane grinding 2

Wireless stations 84, 132, 133

YANKEE Consuls (see Consul).

visitors in Para 34

Yield of rubber 77, 188, 190

XINGU river . . 171



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS

PAGE

Wind Mill for Cane Grinding, Barbados 2

Squeeze Rolls for Crushing Sugar Cane 3

Typical Barbadian Negro Hut 4

Ginning Sea Island Cotton, Barbados : 5

Field of Sea Island Cotton, Barbados 6

Avenue of Royal Palms, Bridgetown 8

Codrington College, Barbados 9

Man jack Mine, Barbados 11

Public Gardens, Bridgetown, Barbados 12

Constable of the Golf Course, Barbados 14

An Aggressive Bovine Bunker on the Golf Course, Barbados 15

Rubber Lighters and Frontage of the City of Para 17

Native Fishing Boat, Tocantins River 18

Business Street, Para 19

Rubber Warehouse, Para 20

Typical Rubber Offices, Para 21

The Avenida Republica, Para 24

Praca da Independencia, Para 25

Salon in Theatre da Paz, Para 26

Public Library, Para 26

City Hospital, Para 27

Fire Department on Parade in Front of Their Barracks, Para 28

Typical City Street, Para 31

Proposed New Municipal Building, Para 32

Examining Rubber for Shipment 33

Part of the Dock System, Para 35

Cutting and Grading Fine Para Rubber in a Warehouse, Para 37

Para Rubber in Heneratagoda Gardens, Ceylon 39

Brazilian Machine for Smoking Para Rubber Milk 40

Type of Steamer Used in the Amazonian Basin for Rubber Transportation.. 41

Dishonestly Prepared Strip Rubber 42

Rope Contents of the Above 42

Mangroves, Shore of Oncas Island, Near Para 44

Igarape, Oncas Island 45

Ashore on Oncas Island 46

Much Tapped Rubber Tree, Para 47

Brazilian Bush Knives 48

Machadinha, or Rubber Tapping Axe 48

Nursery of Young Para Rubber Trees, Museu Goeldi 50

Museu Gceldi Administration Building 51

Museu Goeldi Reservoir 52

225



226 THE RUBBER COUNTRY

PAGE

Hevea Brasiliensis the Rubber Tree of the Amazon 53

Tree From Which Caucho Comes (Castilloa Ulei) 54

Hevea Randiana A Barren Rubber Tree 55

Hevea Brasiliensis, the Para Rubber Tree 58

Leaves and Nuts From the Hevea Brasiliensis 59

Rubber Tree Growing on River Bank 60

Sketch Showing Trunk of Hevea Brasiliensis and Lactiferous Tubes Much

Enlarged 61

Dwelling of Rubber Gatherers on the Amazon 62

Plan of a Seringa! 63

Seringueiro Going His Rounds 64

Tapping a Para Rubber Tree 65

Seringueiros Bringing Home Latex 66

The "Urucuri" Palm 69

Cameta, on the Amazon and Tocantins 70

Seringueiros Smoking Para Rubber 72

Brazilian Machine for Coagulating Latex 73

Beautiful Fasenda Near Breves 74

Spiral Tapping of Hevea Brasiliensis. 76

Island in the Lower Amazon 79

Scene in the Narrows 80

Seringueiro' s Hut on the Amazon 81

Butterfly Hunter 82

Breves, on the Lower Amazon 83

Author's Quarters on the Chart House Deck 86

Floating Grass Island on the Amazon 87

Santarem, and American Settlement 88

Obidos, on the Amazon 89

Gathering Turtle Eggs 90

Itacoatiara, or Serpa 91

Bird's Eye View of the Alanaos Water Front 94

Examining Rubber in Manaos Warehouse 95

Manaos Bird's Eye View of the City 96

Author, His Interpreter, and the "Renault" 97

Transferring Cases of Rubber by Aerial Cables 98

Author in an American Home, Manaos 99

Custom House, Manaos 100

Floating Docks and Aerial Cables 101

Roadway to Floating Docks 101

Waterworks, Manaos 103

Theatre Amazonas, Manaos 103

River Excursion Near Manaos 104

View on the Rio Negro Near Manaos 105

Plantation House on Rio Negro 106

Rio Negro Pelle of Rubber at Manaos Exhibition 107

Machine for Smoking Latex 108

Rubber Tree Planted by the Author in Manaos.. . 109



OF THE AMAZON 227

PAGE

Church of St. Sebastian, Manaos HO

Palace of Justice, Manaos 1 13

Commercial Association Building, Manaos 114

Jardim da Praca General Osorio, Manaos 115

Victoria Regia in Estuary of the Amazon 115

Jardim da Praca da Constitugao, Manaos 116

Staff House, for American Clerks, Manaos 117

San Antonio, Head of Steam Navigation of the Madeira River 120

Hauling Rubber Boat Around the Falls of the Madeira 121

Falls and Rapids on the Madeira River 122

Construction Camp, Madeira-Mamore Railway 122

Construction Work in Progress 123

Camp Hospitals for Laborers, Madeira-Mamore Railway 124

Rock Cut on Railway Line 124

Bad Landslide on the Railway 125

Track Laid, Madeira-Mamore Railway 126

Making Quinine Capsules in the Hospital 127

Construction Train, Madeira-Mamore Railway 127

Caripuna Indians and Bark Boat 128

Indian Coating Calico Bag With Rubber Milk 130

Rubber Articles Made by Indians on Upper Rivers 131

Indian Head Dresses 132

Human Heads, Shrunken, Used as Indian War Trophies 133

An Indian Sling Shot 134

Mosquito Proof Headgear Used by Engineers in Brazilian Forests 135

Steamer at Porto Velho, Madeira-Mamore Railway 136

Relic of the First Attempt at Railroad Building on the Madeira 137

Navigation on the Upper Rivers 139

Sorata, Bolivia 139

Bridge Built of Railroad Rails 140

A Level Stretch on the Madeira 140

A Balsa Transporting Rubber. . ! 141

Weighing Caucho, Bolivia 141

Straw Boats on Lake Titicaca 142

Tapping Para Rubber Tree, Bolivia 143

Smoking Para Rubber, Bolivia 144

Cutting Rubber From Paddles, Bolivia 145

Fire Branding Rubber, Bolivia 146

Suarez, Bolivia's Rubber Baron 147

Bolivian Tapping Axe 148

Smoking Para Rubber, Peru 151

Shipping Rubber at Mollendo, Peru 152

Typical Rubber Barracks Near Iquitos 153

Steamer on the Marafion Above Iquitos, Peru 154

Only Practical Method for Obtaining the Latex of the Caucho Tree 155

Rubber Gatherers' Huts, Peru 156

Tapping Para Rubber Tree, Peru 157



228 THE RUBBER COUNTRY



PAGE

Settlement Showing Edge of the Great Montana, Peru 158

Vegetation on the Rio Ucayali, Peru 159

Peruvian Machine for Smoking Hevea Latex 160

Inundated Forest in the Purus River Valley 162

Seringal on the River Acre 164

Seringal Sebastopol, on the Purus 165

Town of Canutama, on the Purus 166

Confluence of the Acre and Purus Rivers 167

Outfitting Rubber Gatherers at a Seringal on the Acre River 168

Map of the Venezuelan Forestal 171

Batelao in the Rapids, Upper Rio Negro 172

Embarking Cattle on the Upper Rio Negro 172

River Scene on the Upper Rio Negro 173

Town on the Rio Branco 174

Fazenda Capello on the Rio Branco 174

Seringal on the Rio Branco 175

Forest Scene in Colombia 1 76

American Home in Santarem 179

Planted Hevea (32 Months Old) at Santarem 180

Young Planted Hevea on Tapajos Plateau 181

Old Hevea Trees in the Forest Near Santarem 182

Old Heveas on Border of Stream Near Santarem 183

Shipment of Caucho at Itaituba on the Tapajos 184

Street of Cearenses, Para 185

Railroad to Braganga, Para 185

Three Year Old Rubber at Diamantino 188

Indian Tapper With Modern Methods 189

Herring Bone Tapping of Hevea in South America 190

Bungalow on the Lower Amazon 191

Hut of a Seringueiro Near Para 191

South American Indian With Blow Gun and Arrows, Sketched by Lieut.

Gibbon, U. S. N 192

Indians of the Rio Negro 193

Canoe Harbor, Para 196

Rubber in Cases on Brooklyn Dock 196

Boat Landing, Para 197

Weighing Rubber at Brooklyn 198

Crude Rubber Sample Room in Importer's Office, Amsterdam 198

Last of the City Suburbs, Para 199

Pelles of Para Rubber in the Storehouse 200

Great Rubber Storehouses, St. Katherine's Dock, London 200

Interior of Storage Vaults in Rubber Warehouses, London 201



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Online LibraryHenry C. (Henry Clemens) PearsonThe rubber country of the Amazon : a detailed description of the great rubber industry of the Amazon valley, which comprises the Brazilian states of Pará, Amazonas and Matto Grosso, the territory of the Acre, the Montana of Peru and Bolivia, and the southern portions of Colombia and Venezuela → online text (page 12 of 12)