Henry Cabot Lodge.

The best of the world's classics, restricted to prose (Volume 3) online

. (page 1 of 16)
Online LibraryHenry Cabot LodgeThe best of the world's classics, restricted to prose (Volume 3) → online text (page 1 of 16)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


.......'•'•"i'l"

iiiiii'imhi'n'Min'.i






The Best of tbe World's Classics

VOL. Ill

GREAT BRITAIN AND
IRELAND— I

1281—1745




MILTON



^^^^s^^^m^



BACON




CHAUCER



SHAKESPEARE



THE BEST

OF THE

WORLD'S
CLASSICS



RESTRICTED
TO PROSE



^^^^i



!0i7i.9i



^



HENRT CABOT LODGE

EDITOR-IN-CHtEF



FRANCIS W. HALSEY

ASSOCIATE EDITOR

With an Introduction, Biographical and Explanatory-
Notes, etc.

IN TEN VOLUMES



Vol. Ill
GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND— I

FUNK & WAGNALU5 COMPANY

NEW YORK AND LONDON





Copyright, 1909, by
, F.LJ-V k [ S.- \x:A*cfX;\LLSi COMPANY
[Priiili'd ill llie Viiited States of America]



Lszb

CONTENTS VB



Vol. in — Great Britain and Ireland— I

Page
Richard de Bury — (Born in 1281, died in
1345.)
In Praise of Books. (From the

*'PhiJobibIon") 3

Sib John Mandeville — (Reputed author.)
I The Route from England to Constan-
tinople. (From the "Travels") 8
II At the Court of the Great Chan.

(From the "Travels") .... 11
John Wyclip — (Born about 1324, died in
1384.)
The Baptism of Christ. (Being a
translation from the Gospel of

Mark) 14

Geoffrey Chaucer — (Born about 1340, died
in 1400.)
Of Acquiring and Using Riches. (One
of the prose "Canterbury Tales") 17
William Caxton — (Born about 1422, died
in 1491.)
Of True Nobility and Chivalry.
(From the "Game and Playe of
Chesse. " Translated by Caxton
from the French original) ... 22
Sir Thomas IIalory — (Born about 1430,
died after 1470.)
Of the Finding of a Sword for
Arthur. (From the "Morte
d'Arthur") 26



CONTENTS



Page

Sir Thomas More — (Born in 1478, died in
1535.)
Life in Utopia. (From the "Utopia ") 29
John Knox — (Born in 1505, died in 1572.)
An Interview with Mary Queen of
Scots. (From the "History of the
Reformation in Scotland") . . 36
Roger Ascham — (Born in 1515, died in
1568.)
Of Gentle Methods in Teaching.
(From the "Schoolmaster") . . 40
John Foxe — (Born in 1516, died in 1587.)
The Death of Anne Boleyn. (From
the "Book of Martyrs") ... 45
Sir Walter Raleigh — (Born in 1552, died
in 1618.)
The Mutability of Human Affairs.
(From the Preface to the "History

of the World") 49

JFrancis Bacon — (Born in 1561, died in
1626.)

I Of Travel. (From the "Essavs") 53

II Of Riches. (From the "Essays") 56

III Of Youth and Age. (From the

"Essays") 60

IV Of Revenge. (From the "Essays") 63
V Of Marriage and Single Life. (From

the "Essays") 65

VI Of Envy. (From the "Essays") 67
VII Of Goodness and Goodness of

Nature. (From the "Essays") 74
VIII Of Studies. (From the "Essays") 77
IX Of Regiment of Health. (From the

"Essays") 79



CONTENTS



Page
William Shakespeare — (Born in 1564, died
in 1616.)
I Brutus to His Countrymen. (From

''Julius Cajsar") ..... 82
II Shyloek in Defense of His Race.

(From the ' ' Merchant of Venice ") 83
III Hamlet to the Players. (From "Ham-
let, Prince of Denmark") . . 85
Ben Jonson — (Born in 1573, died in 1637.)
Shakespeare and Other Wits. (Fi'om
''Timber; or, Discoveries Made
Upon Men and Matter") ... 87
IzAAK Walton — (Born in 1593, died in
1683.)
I The Antiquity of Angling. (From
Part I, Chapter IV, of "The Com-

pleat Angler") 92

II Of the Trout. (From Part I, Chapter

IV, of "The Compleat Angler") 96
.III The Death of George Herbert. (From

the "Lives") 101

James Howell — (Born in 1595, died in
1666.)
I The Bucentaur Ceremony in Venice.

(From the "Familiar Letters") . 106
II The City of Rome in 1621. (From the

"Familiar Letters") .... 109
Sir Thomas Browne — (Born in 1605, died
in 1682.)
I Of Charity in Judgments. (From the

"Religio Medici") 114

II Nothing Strictly Immortal. (From

Chapter V of '" Urn Burial ") . . 116



CONTENTS



Page
John Milton — (Born in 1608, died in 1674.)
I Of His Own Literary Ambition.
(From ''The Reason of Church

Government") 121

n A Complete Education Defined.
(From the ''Tractate on Educa-
tion") 126

ni On Reading in His Youth. (From

the "Apology for Smectymnus") 129
rV In Defense of Books. (From the

"Areopagitiea") 131

V A Noble and Puissant Nation. (From

the "Areopagitiea") .... 135
VI Of Fugitive and Cloistered Virtue.

(From the "Areopagitiea") . . 141
Lord Clarendon — (Born in 1608, died in
1674.)
Of Charles I. (From the *' History

of the Rebellion ") 144

Thomas Fuller — (Born in 1608, died in
1661.)
Qualities of the Good Schoolmaster.
(From "The Holy and Profane

State") 149

Jeremy Taylor — (Baptized in 1613, died in
1667.)
The Benefits of Adversity. (From
the "Rules and Exercises of Holy
Dying") . . . . . • - - 153
Abraham Cowley — (Born in 1618, died in
1667.)
I Of Obscurity. (From the "Essays") 156
n Of Procrastination. (From the "Es-
says") 159

viii



CONTENTS



Page
George Fox — (Born in 1624, died in 1691.)
An Interview with Oliver Cromwell.
(From the "Journal") ... 161
John Bunyan — (Baptized in 1628, died in
1668.)
I A Dream of the Celestial City. (From

''The Pilgrim's Progress") . . 165
II The Death of Valiant-for-truth and
of Stand-fast. (From ''The Pil-
grim's Progress") 169

III Ancient Vanity Fair. (From "The

Pilgrim's Progress") .... 172
John Dryden — (Born in 1631, died in
1700.)
Of Elizabethan Dramatists. (From
the "Essay on Dramatic Poetry") 181
Samuel Pepys — (Born in 1633, died in
1703.)
I Of Various Doings of Mr. and Mrs.

Pepys. (From the "Diary") . . 185
II England Without Cromwell. (From

the "Diary") 191

Gilbert Burnet — (Born in 1643, died in
1715.)
Charles II. (From the "History of

Our Own Times") 195

Daniel Defoe — (Born in 1661, died in 1731.)
I The Shipwreck of Crusoe. (From
"The Life and Surprizing Adven-
tures of Robinson Crusoe") . . 201
II The Rescue of Man Friday. (From
"The Life and Surprizing Adven-
tures of Robinson Crusoe") . . 204



CONTENTS



Page

III In the Time of the Great Plague.

(From the "History of the Great

Plague") ..." 211

Jonathan Swift — (Born in 1667, died in
1745.)
I On Pretense in Philosophers. (From

"Gulliver's Travels") .... 216
II On the Hospitality of the Vulgar.

(From No. 1 of The Tatler) . . 221
m The Art of Lying in Politics. (From

The Examiner) 224

IV A Meditation upon a Broomstick . . 228
V Gulliver Among the Giants. (From

"Gulliver's Travels") .... 230
Joseph Addison — (Born in 1672, died in
1719.)
I In Westminster Abbey. (From No.

26 of The Spectator) .... 236
n Will Honeycomb and His Marriage.
(From Nos. 105 and 530 of The

Spectator) 240

in Pride of Birth. (From No. 137 of

The Guardian) 246

rV Sir Roger and His Home. (From Nos.

2 and 106 of The Spectator) . . 251



I



GREAT BRITAIN AND
IRELAND— I



1281—1745



m—i



RICHARD DE BURY

Bom in 1281, died in 1345; the son of Sir Richard Aiin°
gerville, his own name being taken from his birthplace, Bury
St. Edmonds; educated at Oxford, and became a Benedic-
tine monk; tutor to Edward III; dean of Wells Cathedral
in 1333; bishop of Durham the same year; high chan-
cellor of England in 1334; founded a library at Oxford;
bis "Philobiblon" first printed at Cologne in 1473.



IN PRAISE OF BOOKS*

The desirable treasure of wisdom and knowl-
edge, which all men covet from the impulse of
nature, infinitely surpasses all the riches of the
world; in comparison with which, precious stones
are viJe, silver is clay, and purified gold grains
of sand; in the splendor of which, the sun and
moon grow dim to the sight; in the admirable
sweetness of which, honey and manna are bitter
to the taste. The value of wisdom deereaseth
not with time; it hath an ever-flourishing virtue
that cleanseth its possession from every venom.
celestial gift of divine liberality, descending
from the Father of light to raise up the rational
soul even to heaven; thou art the celestial ali-
mony of intellect, of which whosoever eateth
shall yet hunger, and whoso drinketh shall yet

* From the "Philobiblon," a treatise on books, translated
from the original Latin into English in 1852 by John Englis.
The Latin text and a new translation by Andrew J. West
were printed by the Grolier Club of New York in 1887.



THE BEST OF THE WORLD'S CLASSICS



thirst; a harmony rejoicing the


1 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

Online LibraryHenry Cabot LodgeThe best of the world's classics, restricted to prose (Volume 3) → online text (page 1 of 16)