Henry F. (Henry Fitz-Gilbert) Waters.

Genealogical gleanings in England. [Parts I-xxiii,xxv] (Volume 1) online

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Online LibraryHenry F. (Henry Fitz-Gilbert) WatersGenealogical gleanings in England. [Parts I-xxiii,xxv] (Volume 1) → online text (page 1 of 128)
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With the Addition of


(New Series) A-Anyon




Originally Published in Serial Form

New England Historical and Genealogical Register

July, 1883 — January, 1899

First Published Complete in Book Form

New-England Historic Genealogical Society

Boston, 1901

Reprinted with Permission

With the Addition of

Genealogical Gleanings in England

(New Series)

By Henry F. Waters

Salem, 1907

And with an Added Sub-Title

Genealogical Publishing Company
Baltimore, 1969

Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 78-88096

v 0* « /

Copyright © 1969

Genealogical Publishing Company

Baltimore, Maryland

All rights reserved

Made in the United States of America


The indexes of persons and places mentioned in these
two volumes will be found on pages 1449-1643 in Volume II,
just as they were originally published in 1901. The publisher
has added the New Series, which was originally published in
1907, on pages 1645-1760 following the indexes; since the entries
in the New Series were in alphabetical order, it was deemed
unnecessary to add an index to the New Series.




Henry F. Waters, Portrait and Autograph Frontispiece

Publisher's Notice v

Illustrations and Pedigrees, A List ix

Introduction by John T. Hassam xi

Genealogical Gleanings in England 1


Illustrations and Pedigrees, A List v

Genealogical Gleanings in England 845

Index of Persons 1451

Index of Places 1593

New Series: Genealogical Gleanings in England 1645



Henry F. Waters's Portrait and Autograph .... Frontispiece

The Early Home of John Harvard's Mother 180

Garsden Church 455

Washington Memorial Stone 399

Washington Tablet 455

Arms. Nicholson ........... 101

Washington impaling Butler 399

Fac-similes. Part of John Washington's Will and Probate, with George

Washington's endorsement ...... 523

Seal on Release of Mount Vernon estate, Va. . . . 523

Record of apprenticeship of Thomas Harvard to William
Coxe, and of his admission as Freeman of the Cloth-
workers' Company of London ...... 206

Autographs. William Byrd 103

John Harvard ......... xii

Thomas Stegge ......... 103

John West 151

Map showing Tring, Herts, and Luton, Bedfordshire, and Vicinity, 357

Tabular Pedigrees. Alsop 427

Ames ......... 279

Archedale ........ 318

Bedle 25

Brereton ........ 15

Brindley ........ 15

Brinley ......... 14

Bulkley 2«6

Burnell 568

Cogan ......... 351

Collins ......... 25

Cotton 92

Crane . . . . . 213

Crane ....„..,. 226



Tabular Pedigrees. Disbrowe 250

Disbrowe ........ 251

Fawknor 99

Fenwick ........ 42

Hall 687

Harrison ........ 446

Haynes 453

Home 155

Houghton 258

Jadwyn 582

Jolliffe 262

Light 712

Lisle 91

Moody ......... 97

Morley 568

Piilmer 306

Palmer 327

Pemberton 331

Quiney 198

Rasing 182

Rogers 209

Rogers 213

Springett 576

Stagg 61

Thomson 67

Warnet 40

Washington 396

Willis 599

Woodhall 53



The efforts made by the New England Historic Genealogi-
cal Society, through its Committee on English Research, to pro-
cure funds sufficient to enable it to make an exhaustive search of
the English Records, on a plan never before attempted, for every-
thing which concerns the family history of the early settlers of
this country ; its great good fortune in securing the services of
the eminent antiquary, Henry FitzGilbert Waters : his pecul-
iar qualifications for the task, and the superiority of the method
adopted by him, are all set forth in the New England Histori-
cal and Genealogical Register for July, 1883 (xxxvii., 305) ;
July, 1884 (xxxviii., 339) ; and January, 1888 (xlii., 40).

Mr. Waters sailed for England May 5, 1883, and at once en-
tered upon his great work. The step thus taken was a most im-
portant one, and marked a new departure in genealogical research.
The notes printed in the Register for July, 1883 (xxxvii., 233),
were the results of Mr. Waters's first few days' work among the
records of the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, Somerset House,
London. They arrived here barely in time for publication in that
number of the Register, and were a foretaste of what was to
come. Before a twelvemonth had passed he had accumulated a
vast amount of historical and genealogical material, including
abstracts of more than six hundred wills relating to American
families, and he has since then industriously added to his inval-
uable collections, until they are now unequalled both in extent and
in importance.

Some of the results of his researches, under the title of " Genea-
logical Gleanings in England," have been given to the public in
the New England Historical and Genealogical Register,
the organ of the Society. It has now been deemed advisable to
reprint some of these " Gleanings " in a form more convenient for
reference. The present volumes include the various instalments
published in the Register from July, 1883, to January, 1899,

In addition to these genealogical researches, Mr. Waters has
made historical discoveries of the highest value. We owe to him
the finding of the Winthrop map and the Maverick MS., two of


the most important contributions made in our day to our early
colonial history. For an account of the former, the reader is re-
ferred to the "Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society "
for June, 1884 (xxi., 211), and the Register for July, 1884
(xxxviii., 342). The Maverick MS. was printed in the "Proceed-
ings of the Massachusetts Historical Society" for October, 1884
(xxi., 231), and in the Register for January, 1885 (xxxix., 33).
These discoveries excited great attention among historical students,
not only in this country, but also in England.

Mr. Waters also contributed "Papers in Egerton MS. 2395,"
to the Register for April, 1886 (xl., 175) ; the will of Alexander
Selkirk — the real Robinson Crusoe — to the Register for Octo-
ber, 1896 (1., 539), and the will of Thomas Hobson, carrier
("Hobson's choice, that or none"), to the Register for October,
1898 (Hi., 487). A facsimile of the will of Alexander Selkirk
may be found in the Register for April, 1897 (li., 150).

Mr. Waters also made a most valuable collection of " Extracts
from Marriage Licenses granted by the Bishop of London, 1598
to 1639," which he intended should be printed in the Register
as an instalment of these Gleanings, but being unable, much to his
regret, "to get it before the genealogical world through that chan-
nel," and as it seemed to him "too valuable not to be published,"
he contributed it to the Historical Collections of the Essex Insti-
tute (xxviii., 57-150).

To some of the various instalments of Gleanings published in
the Register I added certain explanatory remarks by way of
introduction, and these remarks it has been thought advisable to
reprint here in this preface, in order not to break the continuity
of Mr. Waters's notes.

The article in the Register for July, 1883 (xxxvii., 233-240)
(pp. 1-8 this book), was introduced by a note from which the fol-
lowing: extract is made :

It has been found almost impossible heretofore, in most cases, to
establish satisfactorily the relationship between English and American
families of the same name, and this failure to connect has been to
the American genealogist the source of his greatest trouble. The
searches now undertaken promise for the first time to meet and over-
come this difficulty. The method adopted by Mr. Waters, so different
from that of his predecessors, cannot fail to bring to light information
which must necessarily have escaped the attention of all other investi-

The article on "John Harvard and his Ancestry," Part I., in
the Register for July, 1885 (xxxix., 265) (pp. 117-134 this
book), was preceded by the following introductory note :

The Committee on English Research of the New England Historic
Genealogical Society, under whose direction Mr. Waters is now pursu-


ing his investigations in England, have on more than one occasion
asserted that the method of search adopted by him — so different from
that of his predecessors — would without fail enable him to bring to
light what had escaped the notice of all other antiquaries. Striking
proofs of the correctness of this statement have been already afforded
by the remarkable discoveries Mr. Waters has hitherto made, and the
following paper, in which the parentage and ancestry of John Harvard
are for the first time conclusively shown, will add still another.

In 1842 the late James Savage, President of the Massachusetts His-
torical Society and author of the " Genealogical Dictionary of New
England," went to England for the express purpose of ascertaining
what could be learned of the early history of John Harvard; but
although Mr. Everett, then our minister to the court of St. James, ren-
dered every assistance in his power, no trace of Harvard could be found,
except his signature on taking his degrees at the University of Cam-
bridge. Mr. Savage tells us that he would gladly have given five hun-
dred dollars to get five lines about him in any capacity, public or
private. Since that date others have made efforts equally unavailing.

The late Col. Joseph L. Chester, in a letter written the year before
his death to the editor of the Register (Register, xxxvi., 319), says
that he had carried about with him daily for many years a bit of pedi-
gree of Harvard in the hope of being able to perfect it ; that he thought
he had found the will of the father of John Harvard, but could not yet
prove it ; that he disliked to put forward a mere theory, but hoped to
come upon further evidence some day.

At a meeting of the New England Historic Genealogical Society held
in Boston, June 3, 1885, a paper by Miss Frances B. James, of Cam-
bridge, Mass v was read, on " John Harvard's English Home, a Caveat
in Behalf of Devonshire." It contained the results of some researches
made by her in the summer of 1883, in Plymtree, co. Devon, England,
where there formerly lived a family of Harward or Harvard, but no
claim was made by her that any relationship could be shown to exist
between this family and that of John Harvard.

Mr. William Rendle, in an article in the " Genealogist " for April,
18S4, on " Harvard University, U. S., and the Harvards of Southwark,"
gives a list of certain Harvards of the Parish of St. Saviour's noted by
him, but he failed to find the baptism of John Harvard, and was unable
to connect him with this family of Harvards. In the South London
"Press" for April 11, 1885, and in the " Athenaeum" for April 18, 1885,
Mr. Rendle has something further to say about the Harvards. He gives
the date of baptism of a John Harvye, whom he says he believes to be
the founder of Harvard College, but is unable to prove the fact, and
offers no evidence to support it. These articles, however, contain
nothing new. Everything of importance in them had been previously
made known to us by Mr. Waters. The record of this very baptism
had been already found by him, and a copy of it sent to the committee.
Mr. Rendle's knowledge of it seems to have been obtained from a per-
son to whom Mr. Waters had mentioned it as a discovery of his own,
and its appropriation by Mr. Rendle without acknowledgment, and its
publication in this manner, was certainly a most extraordinary pro-

It had long been known that there was a family of Harvards in St.
Saviour's Parish, Southwark; that John, son of Richard, was baptized


there 11 Dec, 1606; another John, son of Robert, baptized 29 Nov.,
1607; another John, son of John, baptized 2 Feb., 1611; and still
another John, son of John, baptized 10 April, 1614; but whether the
benefactor of the College was one of these, or whether he was of South-
wark at all, has not been known, until now at last the proof is pre-
sented to us by Mr. Waters. Colonel Chester, as we have seen, years ago
surmised that he was the son of Robert Harvard, but, like a true gene-
alogist, waited for evidence before making a positive statement. Prob-
ably nearly every one in America who was interested in Harvard, and
had given the subject much thought, suspected, at least, if not believe 1,
that he was the son of Robert Harvard, of South wark. So that Mr.
Rendle offers nothing new and merely adds his belief to theirs, for
which he fails to offer evidence. That Southwark was a field for per-
secution, and therefore its people must have been ready to emigrate to
New England, carries no weight, for there was persecution in other
parts of England ; and it would be difficult for Mr. Rendle or any other
investigator to show that more people came to New England for relig-
ion's sake from the county of Surrey than from the counties of Somer-
set, Dorset, or Wilts, in all of which Harvards were to be found. Could
he say that John Harvard was not from either of these counties, or
from St. Katherine's near the Tower in co. Middlesex where a family
of Harvards lived, or that he was not the son of Robert Harvey, alias
Harverde, of Rugby in Warwickshire ?

Mr. Waters, however, is the first to show conclusively that John Har-
vard, from whom the College takes its name, was one of the sons of
Robert Harvard of the parish of St. Saviour's, Southwark, London, and
Katherine (Rogers) Harvard his wife, and that he was baptized in that
parish Nov. 29, 1607. Ample proof of this is afforded "by the docu-
mentary evidence now for the first time published, to which the atten-
tion of the reader is directed. The parentage of John Harvard is no
longer a mystery. Mr. Waters gives us here, among others, the wills
of his father and mother, his brother Thomas Harvard, his uncle
Thomas Harvard, his aunt by marriage Margaret Harvard, his step-
fathers John Elletson and Richard Yearwood, and his father-in-law
John Sadler.

But although so much has been accomplished that a few months ago
would have been thought impossible, much remains to be done. There
are other fields of research as yet unexplored, which will richly repay
all the expenditure of time and labor which a thorough investigation
of them will require.

The expense of the search thus far has been met by voluntary con-
tributions of the Alumni, particularly the Harvard Club of New York.

The article in the Register for October, 1885 (xxxix., 325)
(pp. 134-145 this book), was introduced by the following note:

The following is the tenth in the remarkable series of papers con-
tributed to the Register by Mr. Waters, and modestly styled by him
" Genealogical Gleanings in England." The article on " John Harvard
and his Ancestry," published in the Register for July last, although
it appears under a separate title, was the ninth in that series.

There is no need to enlarge upon the importance of Mr. Waters's dis-


coveries in relation to John Harvard ; but it will not be out of place
to make the announcement here that Harvard College, in grateful recog-
nition of his patient labors in these' investigations, conferred upon him
on Commencement Day, June 24, 1885, the honorary degree of Master
of Arts. The words of President Eliot on that occasion were :

Henricum Fitz-Gilbert Waters investigatorem antiquitatis curiosum, de Uni-
versitate ob genus Johanuis Harvard feliciter exquisitum bene meritum, artium
maffistrum causa honoris.

At the Commencement Dinner President Eliot said :

The class of 1855, this day thirty years out of college, the class which boasts
Agassiz the naturalist, Francis C. Barlow the general, Theodore Lyman the
independent, and Phillips Brooks the great preacher and large minded man,
has won a new distinction this year. One of its members, Henry Fitzgilbert
Waters, genealogist and antiquai'ian, has discovered, by most patient and
ingenious research, the family of John Harvard. We have only known about
our first benefactor that he was a master of arts of Emmanuel College, and a
non-conforming minister, that he had a well chosen library of three hundred
volumes and some property, and that he was admitted a freeman in this colony
in November, 1637, and died at Charlestown within a year, leaving his library
and half of his estate to the infant college at Cambridge, which was thereafter
called by his name. Nothing has been known about his family or the sources
of his property, until now, when Mr. Waters has brought to light the wills of
his father, two step-fathers, mother, brother, uncle, aunt, and father-in-law,
besides other documents of importance in connection with these wills.

John Harvard, whose faith and piety planted this institution, was baptized
in the parish of St. Saviour's, Southwark, London, Nov. 29, 1607, being
the son of Robert Harvard, a well-to-do butcher, and Katherine Rogers. The
mother's maiden name was discovered through the will of William Ward, a
goldsmith, who, in 1624, bequeathed a ring of gold to the value of 20s. to his
brother Robert Harvard. Rose Rogers, the wife of William Ward, was the
sister of Katherine Rogers, John Harvard's mother, so that William Ward
could speak of Robert Harvard as his brother. The father, youngest brother,
and older brother of our benefactor died in 1625, perhaps of the plague which
raged that year in London, and the father disposed by will of a property con-
siderable for those days, the widow and her two surviving sons receiving
most of it. Katherine Harvard married John Elletson, a cooper, in January,
1626 ; but he died in the following June, leaving another considerable property
to his widow Katherine. In December, 1627, John Harvard was entered at
Emmanuel College, Cambridge, at the age of twenty, presumably by the
advice of the Rev. Mr. Morton or the Rev. Mr. Archer, ministers of the parish
of St. Saviour's, both of whom are remembered in the will of John Harvard's
mother and in that of his brother Thomas. Five years later this mother
appears as the widow and principal heir of Richard Yearwood, a grocer, who
was mentioned in the will of her first husband, Robert Harvard, as " my good
neighbor and friend Richard Yearwood." In July, 1635, Katherine (Harvard)
(Elletson) Yearwood made her will and died, leaving her property, which had
been derived from her three husbands, the butcher, the cooper, and the gro-
cer, chiefly to her two sons, John and Thomas Harvard, with a preference,
however, for the elder son, " John Harvard, clarke." In this year John took
his master's degree at Cambridge. In February, 1637, he appeal's married to
Ann Sadler, seven years younger than himself, and the daughter of a clergy-
man settled at Ringmer in Sussex. In July, 1636, John's younger brother
Thomas, a cloth woi'ker, being " sick and weak in body," made his will, in
which he disposed of a fair property, a good portion of which he gave to his
well beloved brother John. The executors named in this will were his brother
John and Nicholas Morton, preacher; but when the will was proved on the
5th of May, 1637, only Mr, Morton appeared, John Harvard having sailed


with his young wife for New England. In 1638 the young minister at Charles-
town, dying at thirty years of age, became the first private benefactor of this
college, started in the New World a stream of-beneficenee which has never
ceased to flow in ever widening channels, and won for himself, and now at
last for his family, an enduring remembrance.

In the twelve years from 1625 to 1637 John Harvard had lost his father, two
step-fathers, his mother, and his two brothers, and almost the whole family
property had fallen to him. He appears to have been the only scholar in the
family, although his brother Thomas seems to have signed his name to his
will. His father and mother both made their marks. The whole family con-
nection were trades-people ; but his mother, by her marriages, came into pos-
session of property enough to give a college education to her oldest son. The
education of that one delicate youth has had far-reaching consequences indeed.
No prince or potentate, civil or ecclesiastical, founded this college ; it spi'ang
from the loins of the common people. It was founded by the General Court
of the Colony of Massachusetts Bay, and first endowed by an educated son of
pious London trades-people. When I had read these Harvard wills, I asked
myself how closely the college is bound — after two hundred and fifty years —
to the sort of people who established it. I went to the admission books in
which the occupations of jDarents of the students are recorded, and found to
my great satisfaction that more than a quarter part of its students are to-day
sons of tradesmen, shopkeepers, mechanics, salesmen, foremen, laborers, and
farmers. I found sons of butchers, coopers, grocers, and cloth-workers — the
Harvard trades — on the roll of its students to-day. May no exclusive policy
or spirit ever separate the university which bears John Harvard's name from
that laborious, frugal, self-respecting part of the community to which he and
his belonged.

Since the article on John Harvard in the Register for July was
printed, Mr. Dean, the editor, has received from Mr. E. S. Shuckburgh,
the librarian of Emmanuel College, a facsimile, which is reproduced
here, of Harvard's signature in 1635, when he took the degree of A.M.
It is from the original University register in the custody of the Rev.
H. Luard, D. D., registrar of the University. " There is," Mr. Shuck-
burgh writes, "no doubt whatever
about its genuineness. All persons
admitted to a degree had to sign these
books, which have been preserved
since 1544 — unhappily not earlier."
It is to be hoped that funds sufficient to prosecute still further these
interesting investigations may be speedily obtained.

To the article in the Register for January, 1886 (xl., 34) (pp.
145-158 this book), was prefixed the following note, which was
also printed in part in the London tr Athenreum" for Jan. 2,

1886 :

Mr. William Rendle has published in the " Athenfeum " of April
18, July 11, and Oct. 24, 1885, some communications as to the genealogy
of John Harvard, and in certain quarters allusions have been made to
a "controversy" on the subject. There is, properly speaking, no con-
troversy at all. There is and can be no question whatever in the minds
of those conversant with the facts in the case as to who discovered the
parentage and ancestry of John Harvard. The credit of this remark-
able discovery belongs undeniably to Mr. Henry F. Waters, and to him



The facts in the case are briefly these : Mr. Rendle seems to be a
local antiquary who has, I believe, lived many years in Southwark, and
who has spent much time among the records there, and has undoubt-
edly there done good work. But unfortunately for Mr. Rendle, there
is not in this case so far a single scrap of evidence to show that there
is anything whatever in the Southwark records to establish the slight-
est possible connection between the Harvards of that Borough and John
Harvard of Emmanuel College and of New England. There were Har-
vards in Southwark, it is true, and perhaps in other parts of Surrey,
just as there were Harvards in Devonshire, Somerset, Dorset, Wilts,
Middlesex, Warwickshire, and doubtless in other parts of England.
The problem was to identify, among them all, the father of John Har-
vard. So far as Mr. Rendle was concerned, this problem might have
remained unsolved to the end of time, for there was nothing in the
Southwark records which would have enabled him to solve it.

The proof of this relationship Mr. Waters discovered after much
research in the records of the Prerogative Court of Canterbury. There
he found, among others, the wills of John Harvard's father, mother,
brother, uncle, aunt, two step-fathers, and father-in-law. This proved
the whole family connection. If Mr. Waters had stopped there and
gone not a step farther, it would have been enough to completely dispel
the mystery which had so long enveloped the birth and early life of

Online LibraryHenry F. (Henry Fitz-Gilbert) WatersGenealogical gleanings in England. [Parts I-xxiii,xxv] (Volume 1) → online text (page 1 of 128)