Henry F. (Henry Fitz-Gilbert) Waters.

Genealogical gleanings in England. [Parts I-xxiii,xxv] (Volume 2) online

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Online LibraryHenry F. (Henry Fitz-Gilbert) WatersGenealogical gleanings in England. [Parts I-xxiii,xxv] (Volume 2) → online text (page 1 of 137)
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With the Addition of


(New Series) A-Anyon





Originally Published in Serial Form

New England Historical and Genealogical Register

July, 1883 — January, 1899

First Published Complete in Book Form

New-England Historic Genealogical Society

Boston, 1901

Reprinted with Permission

With the Addition of

Genealogical Gleanings in England

(New Series)

By Henry F. Waters

Salem, 1907

And with an Added Sub-Title

Genealogical Publishing Company
Baltimore, 1969

Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 78-88096

<■ CAj y/

Copyright © 1969

Genealogical Publishing Company

Baltimore, Maryland

All rights reserved

Made in the United States of America




Inscription on Capen Gravestone 1060

Arms. Burges impaling Pye


Phippen .......


Phippen impaling Pye


Pynchon ......


Autographs. George Fitzpen, a/s Phippen


Tabular Pedigrees. Browne .










Fitzpen, als Phippen






Moulston (Moulson)




Rogers ....


Stephen .


Talcot .






Whiting .




Nichas Ptnchon citizen and " bocher " of London, 15 February
1528, proved 22 April 1533. I bequeath and recommend my soul unto
Almighty God my maker and redeemer and to the most glorious Virgin
his mother, our lady Saint Mary, and to all "tholy and blissid company of
Saintes in hevin." And my body to be buried in the church of St. Nichas
Flesh shambles of London before the image of our lady there, where the
body of my late wife lyeth buried. To the high altar of the foresaid church
for my tithes and oblations negligently forgotten or withholden, in discharge
of my soul and conscience, ten shillings. To Edward Pinchon my son, in
the name of his full portion and part of all my goods &c. to him after the
use and custom of the City of London belonging, thirty three pounds six
shillings eight pence, to be delivered to him when it shall fortune him to
come to his full age of twenty one years. A like bequest to sons William,
Robert and John Pynchon. And I charge all my said children on my
blessing that they shall hold themselves contented and pleased with my said
bequests to them made and that they be loving and kind to my wife their
mother and be ruled after her, and if they or any of them grudge or hold
not them contented with my said bequests or will not be ruled after my said
wife then I will that the portion and part of him or them so not contented
nor ruled shall be abated and " mynishid " after the discretion of my said
wife. Provisions as to the decease of any of them. And if it fortune all
my said " childern " before their said lawful ages to decease then I will
that " oon hundreth mrc " (marks) of their portions shall be applied towards
the gilding of the Rood loft of the said " paroche " church of St. Nichas
and the residue bestowed in deeds of charity for the wealth of my soul.
" Itfn I will that assone after my disceas as conueniently may be there
shalbe ordeynid an honest able preest of good conuersacion to sing in the
foresaid church of Saint Nichas for my soule my late wifes soules our
fathers and mothers soules and all chren soules by the space of three yeres
complete. And I bequeth to hym for his salary in that behalf vij u vj s viij d
by the yere. And I will that another preest shall sing in the churche of
Writtell in the Couutie of Essex for my soule and for the soules of my
father and mother and all chf en soules by the space of oon hole yere." To
Parnell my "suster" forty shillings sterling and my gown next the best,
and to every of her own children six shillings eight pence. To John Pinchon
my cousin dwelling in Writtell, in discharge of my soul and conscience,
twenty shillings. " I bequeth to the place of ffrier mynours in London to
thentent that they shall say a trigintall of masses and pray for my soule
xl* st. Itfn I bequeth to eu r y of thorder of ffriers Preachours, Carmelites,
Augustines and Crossid friers to thentent that they shall doo in eu r y of their
Couent churches for my soule and all chren soules oon trigintall of masses
x 8 st. a pece siu xl 8 ." Bequests to the prison houses. To every poor man



and woman keeping chambers in Penthecost Lane, Hunt's Alley and
Scaldinghouse Alley in the parish of St. Nichas four pence apiece. Ten
pounds to be applied in buying of coals in the Winter season, in ten years
next after rny decease, to be distributed amongst the most needy of the poor
in St. NichSs. To Geffrey Boyland of Mountnesing my best ring: To
frier John Burthan towards his exhibition at the University sixty six shil-
lings. Watkin Bissett my servant. " Itui I will that lxvj 8 viij d shalbe
distributed in peuy doole among poore people at tyme of my buriall and
at my monthes minde." To the " warkes " of the church of our Lady of
Woodford, of Harnesey, of West Tilbury and of East Tilbury. The residue
to Agnes my wife to her own proper use. I make and ordain the said
Agnes, John Martyn, butcher, and John Hone, tallow chandler, my ex-
ecutors, and Sir John Mundye knight, alderman of Loudon, overseer.

Hogeu, 2.

[The Pynchon family, though closely connected with London, had long held
lands in Essex. In A. D. 1277-8, in sixth year of King Edward 1st, Richard
Pinchon, citizen of London, owning property at Latton, County Essex, be-
queaths it to his daughter Agnes. In 147*5, and eleventh year of King Edward
IV., John Pynchon of Writtle, in Essex, purchased land in that village. Henry
Pynchon is one of the witnesses to the deed. In 1479, in nineteenth year of
King Edward IV., John Pynchon, father and son, are witnesses to a deed of land,
situated at Brum field, County Essex. The name also appears in connection
with lands in the eastern and southeastern parts of the same county. There
are also traces of the family as living from time to time in the city of London.
According to Stow*s Chronicles, p. 703, the Clothworkers' Hall in the city
of London, in which Queen Elizabeth entertained the Dutch Ambassadors in
1585, was situated in Pynchon Lane in the heart of the city, near Tower street.
In 157(5 there was a John Pinchin liring in London, an attorney of the common
law, some time of the Middle Temple, and owning a house at Westminster.

There are also traces of the family in Northamptonshire. Thomas Chichele of
Higham-Ferrers, in that county, married Agnes, the daughter of William
Pynchon, Esq., whose arms are the same as those of the family at Writtle.
This Agnes Pynchon was the mother of Henry Chichele, Archbishop of Canter-
bury during the reigns of the Lancastrian Kings, Henry IV., V. and VI., and
Founder of All Soul's College, Oxford.

The first appearance of the name in England, however, is found in connection
with the manor of TattershaH, county Lincoln, which was granted to Eudo
together with one Pinco, his sworn brother in arms, though otherwise not allied,
Eudo to hold immediately of the King, Pinco his of St. Cuthbert of Durham.
The son of Pinco was Hugh, fils Pinconis. Hence the name Pincon — Pinchon.
From this point the family would seem to have drifted into the adjoining county
of Northampton and thence to London and Essex. — T. R. Pynchon.]

Alice Spencer late the daughter of Thomas Spencer, citizen and cloth-
worker of London, 13 November 1543, proved 22 November 1543. To
l>e buried in the cloister of All Hallows the more in Thames Street, nigh
unto my father. My mother in law Agnes Spencer. Refers to the will of
father Thomas Spencer. Tenement called the Wild Man in All Hallows
belonging to the Goldsmiths. Three tenements in St. Alban's. Wood
Street, belonging to the Clothworkers. My cousin John Hyde. My
cousin Richard Lurabe, brewer. My cousin George Hyde. Agnes Hyde,
liis daughter. Mv cousin John Pynchon, tailor. All my godchildren
wheresoever they be found. Francis Pope, merchant tailor of London to
be executoi .

Among the witnesses was John Pynchon, marchaunt Taillour.

Spert, 27.

WYLLYAM Pynchyn of "Wryttyll" in the Co. of Essex, " yeman," 13
July 1.351, proved 5 September 1552. My body to be buried in the church-


yard of All Saints in Writtle. I bequeath for my tytbes and oblations
negligently forgotten a cow or else twenty shillings in money, at tbe election
of Mr. Vicar. Towards the reparations of the church twenty shillings. I
will that twenty shirts and twenty smocks and forty bushels of wheat be
given and divided amongst the poor folk in Writtle and Roxwell, and that
same to be don by the discretion of the church wardens and two or three
honest men of the parish. Elizabeth my wife to have all that my house
and garden called the Swan, with the " Orteyarde " called the Safforn gar-
den thereto belonging, and Calpat field and the " mede, orteyard " and gar-
den, the barn and the barn yard now in the tenure of William Jervyes, for
term of her life natural. After her decease I will the same to remain to
George Pvnchvn mv son. And if the said George die without issue then
I will that all the premisses remain to John Pynchyn mine eldest son and
his heirs forever. To the said Elizabeth my wife two of my best beds,
with all things belonging to them, the bed in the wardens chamber, with
the appurtenances thereunto belonging, except and reserved. To the said
Elizabeth forty pounds in money, to be paid her by six pounds thirteen
shillings four pence* yearly until it be paid. To the said Elizabeth " tenue
fearme able kyne and fortye Ewyes " of two or three years age, a dozen of
silver spoons next the best, the best salt saving one, a goblet, a little silver
pot. a dozen of pewter platters, a dozen of pewter dishes, eight saucers, six
pottingers. six " coysskous," that is to say, two of the best, two of the
second and two of the " redde," a carpet, the best saving one, the bed-
steddles, the counter and the "cheestes that been nowe at the Swanne,"
painted clothes for hanging, the best that she can choose, saving them that
be in the wardens chambers, a cupboard, the best saving one, two brass
pots, two brass pans, two kettles and two postnets, and of everything else
touching household and not before named such part as may be spared, the
house for my son first being furnished of that it shall need. Provided
always that if my said wife will not be contented and agreed to take in the
name of her third the house and lauds above expressed which I have given
her for term of her life together with nine pounds of money to be paid
yearly during her said life, that is to say, out of the lands I have given
Edward my son five pounds by the year and out of the lands that I have
given George my son forty shillings by the year and out of the lands that
I have given Henry my sou other forty shillings by the year, but refusing
the same, which I trust she will not do, will ask, demand and claim the
third of my lands contrary unto my meaning and contrary unto her promise
made unto me in that behalf, to the trouble, vexation and hindrance as well
of my children to whom I have given my lands as also of other to whom
I have sold some lands, then I will that all and every gift, bequest or legacy
before mentioned be clearly void and stand as nought. And if she be con-
tented &c. then she shall stand bound to discharge my lands of the said
third by all such ways and means as shall be devised by mine executor or
his learned counsel before the legacies before written be delivered unto her.
Whereas I do intend to give, as beneath doth appear, an house to Richard
Allyn. my wife's brother, another house to Edmund Church's wife, another
house to Grove's wife, my said wife'- sisters, if my said wife do claim, ask
or challenge the third of my lands, contrary to my meaning and to her
promise, then I will that all such gifts to her said brother and sisters, of
houses as abovesaid, shall likewise be void, frustrate and nought. To Ed-

* See foot note on page 114. This sum is equivalent to ten marks.


ward Pynchyn my sou my house, with orchard, garden and dovehouse
called Skygg's and Tumor's, with Skygg's field, Bridgemead and Chere-
mead at the end of Bridgemead, windmill field, Clement's field next unto
the windmill, the little " brome " and all the little crofts in Widford parish,
hy the little " brome and by yonde " the same that divideth the parishes of
Writtle and Widford, with all the crofts lying together towards " Byffortye
amedynge by yonde" Skygg's gate on the right hand as we go to the
watermill on this side Adam Salmon's u pyghtell," and a " pyghtell " that I
bought of Ramsall lying right over against Skygg's wall, upon this condi-
tion, that he shall pay his mother yearly five pounds out of the same lands
during her life. If he die without issue all these lauds &c. shall remain to
John Pynchyn, my eldest son, aad his heirs forever. To George, my son,
my tenement called Hasylls, with the lands lying and adjoining to the
same, " that ys to say Bocho" Croofte ffoosters Croofte norryes mede, other-
wyes callid Swanne mede and a Croofte and a mede late belonging to au
Obite aud bought of Mr. Celye as they lye all togyther in lenngith bytwene
the Ryver that rynneth from Wryttell bridge towardes lordes myll and the
same that leadeth frome Wryttell to Loweford bridge, one headde abut-
tynge upon the same tenemets callid Hasylls and thother hedde abuttynge
upon a mede of Penny fathers nowe in the tenure of Mr. Bygges, and
Loweford Leaf and Bryckes Brydge meade with all the reentes comynge
into the said Hasylls," upon similar condition to pay out of these lands forty
shillings a year to his mother &c. If he die without issue all the said lands
to remain to John mine eldest son. To Henry, my son, my tenement and
garden called the " Sterre," now in the tenure of Prentyze, three crofts of
arable land and a mead thereto belonging lying all together at Cowbridge
nigh unto " Patcho" Foorde," a mead at Cowbridge now in the tenure
of Thomas Argoo and two crofts late belonging unto the Chapel Chauntry,
whereof one 1 do occupy &c and the other is now in the tenure of Richard
Asser, and the crofts at " Tonstrete and Harvies hoopes " at Oxney Green,
&c. (upon similar condition of payment of forty shillings a year to his
mother). Remainder, as before, to son John. The tenement called Dun-
mowes, now in the tenure of Reede the wheelwright, the tenement wherein
mother Brewer now dwelleth and the little house adjoining wherein Ayre
sometime dwelled (other lauds) two crofts, whereof one I bought of late
M r . Pawne and his wife and Mr. Thomas Byddell their son and the other
I bought of Thomas Byddell uncle unto Thomas Byddell before named,
shall be sold and the money thereof coming equally divided between my
two daughters Agnes Pynchon and Margery Pynchon and paid them at
their full age or day of marriage. If not sold for so much as it is worth
then the rents thereof coming to be equally divided between them. I will
that Dennys Pynchyn my daughter have all these lands and tenements
that I bought lately of Mi-. Manne and his brothers, now in the tenure and
occupation of John Squyor. Remainder to John mine eldest son. To
Joane my daughter, now Brytton's wife, my tenement at the church gate
late my brother Borrell's and wherein my said brother dwelled. To Emme
Bivtton, the daughter of the said Joane, the tenement next adjoining to
the same, wherein Roydon the shoemaker now dwelleth. To Joyce Pyn-
chyn my daughter, now the wife of John Athye, my tenement on the
North side of Greeubury wherein John Clerke now dwelleth. To Eliza-
beth Athye, her daughter, the tenement next adjoining, wherein Thomas
Smythe now dwelleth. To Elizabeth Pynchon, the daughter of John Pyn-
chon and Helyn his wife, my two tenements, late Salmon's, wherein John


Newton and Thomlyn now dwell. To the same Elizabeth the land called
Cookes or Cockes in Roxwell, bought of M r . Browne (and other land),
will that two tenements adjoining llasylls and two on the N. end of Green,
bury shall be the poor's forever, and my executor, and after his decease the
church wardens, shall place in the said houses such person or persons as
they shall think good, there to dwell without any rent therefore to be paid.
I will that Tliomas Badcock and Joanne his wife have all the house wherein
he now dwelleth, called Skygg's and Tumor's, with all the lands I have
given Edward Pynchyn my son, from the Feast of St. Michael the Arch-
angel next after my decease unto the end and term of ten years next fol-
lowing, if they do live so long, paying therefor yearly thirteen pounds, &c.
To Richard Allen, my wife's brother, my tenement and garden at the
North end of the town, where Gregory Joyce now dwelleth. But if his
sister, my wife, do refuse the portion I have appointed her &c. then this
gift be made void and staud for nought. To Edward Church and Agnes
his wife, my wife's sister, and their heirs my tenement wherein Cocks now
dwelleth, upon the same condition. To Robert Grove and Joanne his wife,
sister also to my wife, &c. the tenement wherein Rose now dwelleth, upon
upon the same condition. To William Plowright the tenement where
mother Lukes now dwelleth, to give and to sell. To Thomas Plowright
the tenement where Mauuselld the miller now dwelleth, to give and to sell.
To Joanne Plowright the tenement where Roger the weaver now dwelleth,
to give and to sell. To Mary Plowright the tenement where Brette the
carpenter now dwelleth, to give and to sell. I will that the tenement next
unto Peter Brewer's, where the weaver now dwelleth, be sold and the
money thereof coming be distributed amongst my servants, by discretion of
John Pynchon my son. Sundry small gifts to John Genyns and his wife
and William Genyus (a godson) and every other of their children. To
Margery Kinge the wife of John Kinge and to Lettys Kinge the wife of
Robert Kynge. To William Kynge the son of John Kinge and to William
Kynge the son of Robert Kinge, to every of them a silver spoon. Certain
other bequests to members of the Plowright family. To every of my
daughters Agnes, Margery and Dennyce so much household stuff as shall be
worth three pounds in money, at their election. To Richard Dakyn, clerk,
three shillings four pence in money. The residue of all my lands and
goods herein not given nor bequeathed I give and bequeath unto John Pyn-
chon mine eldest son, whom I make and ordain my sole executor &c. And
my brother Richard Everard and my cousin, Robert Kinge my supervisors
and for tlieir pains herein to be taken I give unto either of them ten shil-
lings &c.

Wit: William Harper, clerk, Rychard Dakyn, clerk, John Jenyns and
Thomas Badcocke. Horn, 47 (Consistory Court of London).

[The Warden's chamber mentioned above was probably the official home of
the Warden of the College of St. Mary; of Winton, commonly called New Col-
lege, Oxford, on the occasion of his business visits. A part of the endowment
of New College consisted of the landed property of an alien Priory, located in
Writtle, whose estates were scattered through Essex, more particularly toward
the east, and in the neighborhood of Bradwell on the Sea, about twenty miles
distant on the English channel. These building's and lands at Writtle were pur-
chased by William of Wykcham, Bishop of Winchester, and founder of New
College, < Oxford, and, together with the livings of Writtle and Roxwell, given to
the College. The chapel, chantry and obit are specified in the text. As one of
the principal functions of these Priories was to look after the poor and to-.en-
tertain strangers, it is not unlikely that a hostel was maintained for this pur-


pose after the Priory estates came into the possession of the College, and passed
into the hands of the Pynchons, who seem from these wills to have been for
several generations the lessees of large portions of the College property. That
for several generations they took a special interest in New College, Oxford, as
is shown by gifts and the education of their sons, is evident from the succeed-
ing wills. About four miles west of Writtle there is another property called
the Warden's House, probably on College land. Writtle lies a mile west of
Chelmsford, a place of some importance, upon the Eastern Counties R. R.,
twenty-six miles from London. The church, which is pleasantly situated upon
the village green, is very beautiful, and bears the impress of the architectural
genius of William of Wykeham. The chancel is nearly filled with the monu-
ments and memorial tablets of the Pynchon family.

Springfield is situated nearly a mile to the north-northeast of Chelmsford.
This also is a picturesque village, and has a very ancient church with a low,
square tower, inscribed beneath the battlements : " Prayse God for all the good
Benefactors." There are some fine brasses in the interior commemorative of the
Tyrrel family. There is a tablet on the wall of the vestry-room with the name
of William Pynchon inscribed upon it as one of the Church Wardens, dated
1G24. This is the William Pynchon who was one of the original patentees of
the Massachusetts Bay Company, and who six years later assisted, in 1630, in
bringing that charter to America, a memorable and somewhat hazardous under-
taking.— T. R. P.]

John Pinchon of Writtle. Essex, gent. 10 November 1573 proved 11
December 1573. My body to be buried in the church of Writtle. To the
reparations of the church twenty shillings. To the poor of Writtle three
pounds six shillings eight pence. And as touching all my lands and tene-
ments within the parishes of Writtle. Bradwell near the !Sea, or elsewhere
in the County of Essex, I will that Jane my wife have and enjoy all the
same during her natural life, upon condition that she bring up my children
until their full ages or days of marriage, and upon condition also that she
pay yearly unto William Pinchon, my eldest son, at his full age, so much of
annuity or yearly rent as. together with the revenue of my copy holds and
customary lands in Bradweli, shall amount unto the yearly value of twenty
pounds, and that she pay unto John Pinchon, my second son, and to Edward
Pinchon my third son, at their several ages, to either of them one yearly
rent or annuity of ten pounds, and to Elizabeth my daughter, at the day of
her marriage, five hundred marks, so that the said Elizabeth, my daughter,
do make to my wife, mine executrix, and mine heirs a good and sufficient
release in the law of all her right and title that she the said Elizabeth hath
or ought to have to Cookes lands in Roxwell and to all the profits and rents
due unto her since my father's death; and also upon condition that she, my
said daughter, upon request, shall release unto John Newton and his heirs
and assigns forever all such right, title and interest as she might have or
claim by any legacy or gift of my late father, her grandfather, of aud in
certain tenements by me to him. the said John Newton sold.

Item, I give and bequeath unto John Pinchon, my second son, all those
my lands and tenements called Whelers, &c. in Wikestreet, now in the
several tenures &c. of Robert Tunbridge and John Thornton, and also of
one field called Ltiwfford, near unto Lowff'ord bridge, containing twenty
acres or thereabouts and now in the tenure &c. of John Aware, gent., to
have ami to hold &c. after the decease of Jane my wife; remainder to
Edward, my third son, then to my right heirs. I give to Edward, my third
son, my lands and tenements called Skigges and Tumors, now in the tenure
&c. of John Dockley, aud the great brome and meades thereto belonging
in the tenure of Thomas Reede's widow, and a croft of land called Clovil-

Online LibraryHenry F. (Henry Fitz-Gilbert) WatersGenealogical gleanings in England. [Parts I-xxiii,xxv] (Volume 2) → online text (page 1 of 137)