Henry F. (Henry Fitz-Gilbert) Waters.

Genealogical gleanings in England. [Parts I-xxiii,xxv] (Volume 2) online

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Fines, 218.

Edmond Randolph of the parish of St. George the Martyr in the city
of Canterbury. Doctor in Physick, 8 October 1643, with a codicil added,
18 October 1643, proved 25 July 1654. To wife Deborah, having other-
wise provided for her by her jointure (certain bedding &c). To my four
sons William, Thomas, Francis and Giles Randolphe and to my five daugh-
ters Deborah, Elizabeth Mary, Jane and Joice Randolph and to that child
my wife now goeth withall, to every one of them two hundred and fifty pounds
at their several and respective ages of one and twenty years. Provisions
for their maintenance and bringing up. Certain properties to be held till
Edward my son attain his full age of one and twenty years. My wife
Deborah to be executrix until said Edward shall attain this age; then he to
be sole executor. All my messuages, lands &c. to the said Edward when
he accomplish his said age &c. My loving brother M r . Ilarberte Randolphe
of Beddenden and my good friend Mr. John Crane of Canterbury, the
elder, to be overseers, to each of whom forty shillings.

Proved by the oath of Edward Randolphe, the son &c.

Alchin, 100.


Thomas Randolph, son of Edmund Randolph Doctor in Physick late
deceased, of Canterbury, 23 June L659 proved 7 March 16G1. To every
one of my brothers and sisters, viz 1 . Elizabeth Randolph, William, Mary,
Gyles, Jane and Bernard, every one and each of them to demand of my
brother Edward Randolph twenty pounds p piece, or of whoever shall be
possessed of my estate. To my sister Deborah Swaffer twenty pounds and
to her children Edmund, Thomas and John live pounds p piece. Whatever
else shall remain I do will to be divided between my mother and brother
Edward Randolph or to fall to the survivor of either of them. My brother
Edward to be the executor.

Proved by Edward Randolph the brother &c. Laud, 46.

Edward Randolph Esq r . " Surveyour Gen 11 , of Ma tles . Customes in all
her Plantations and Colonies in America," 15 dune 1702 proved 7 Decem-
ber 1703. " Being about to make my seaventeenth sea voyage to America."
To my youngest daughter Sarah Randolph (who is otherwise unprovided for)
all such sum and sums of money as are or shall be due me of ray salary as Sur-
vevor General, payable from the Commissioners of Her Majesty's Customs for
the time being, and which I have not already given to my daughter Williams
or to my daughter Deborah Randolph, which said salary is usually received
and paid for me by my worthy friend Richard Savage Esq. I do also give
and bequeath unto my said daughter Sarah all my plate which I leave in
the hands of my loving friend Mr. Edward Jones of the Savoy, and all
such sum and sums of money as is or shall be recovered for my use of
Gilbert Nelson, late Chief Justice of the Island of Bermuda, whether the
same be in the hands of Mr. Samuel Spofforth or any other person whom-
soever, and all such sums &c. as shall be recovered of George Plater Esq.
living in " Potuxent " in the Province of Maryland and which the said
Plater hath or may receive for my use of Samuel Wilson or any other
person. If Sarah shall happen to depart this life before she attain the
age of eighteen years and be married (which I enjoin and require her not
to do without the consent and approbation of Mrs Mary Fog and Nathaniel
Bladen of Lincoln's Inn Esq. thereunto in writing first had and obtained)
then I will that my daughter Elizabeth Pirn and (if she be dead) her son Mr
Charles Pirn, or her and his children, shall have all that is herein bequeathed
to my said daughter Sarah. None of these living, then to my daughters
Williams and Deborah and their children equally. I make my said daugh-
ter Sarah my sole executrix.

Wit: Humphrey Walcot gen'., Mrs Catherine Bladen and Nathaniel

Commission issued (as above) to Sarah, wife of John Howard, lawfully
appointed guardian of Sara Randolph minor daughter of and executrix
named in the will of Edward Randolph lately of Acquamac in Virginia
deceased &c. Degg, 234.

[In my "Notes on Edward Randolph" ("Historical Papers" of the late
Charles W. Tuttle, Ph.D., Boston, 1889, pp. 282-376), I presented substantially
all the genealogical information then accessible to me respecting Edward Ran-
dolph and his more immediate ancestors. The wills of his father Dr. Edmund
Randolph, of his grandfather Bernard Randolph, and of his uncles William
and John Randolph, here given, supply us with other items of genealogical
value. It is stated in said "Notes*' (p. 283) on "family tradition," that the
above named John emigrated to Virginia. His will would seem to make this
improbable ; but, if he did emigrate, he returned to England prior to 27 March,


The will of Edward Randolph, of which an abstract is given above, will be
found in full in Tuttle's "Historical Papers" above meutioned (pp. 280-281).
He was a son of Doctor Edmund Randolph and his wife Deborah Master,
daughter of Gyles Master, Esquire, all of the city of Canterbury. He was bred
to the law, having been admitted to Gray's Inn, 10 November, 1650. He was
married three times. His first wife was Jano, daughter of Thomas Gibbon of
West Cliffe, Kent, by his wife Alice (Taylor) Gibbon. He married for his
second wife, Grace Grenville of London, who died in Boston, U. S. A., in 1682.
He married, thirdly, Mrs. Sarah (Backhouse) Piatt, widow of Peter Piatt, in
London, 24 December, 1684. As his wife is not mentioned in his will, it may
be presumed that she died before 15 June, 1702.

From his will and letters we obtain the names of five, perhaps of all, his
children, namely, Jane, Deborah, Elizabeth, Mary and Sarah. Jane married a
Williams; Mary married, subsequently to 1702, Thomas Smith, M.D., of
Maidstone; Elizabeth married a Pirn (or Pym) ; Mary had deceased probably
before 1702 ; Sarah, daughter by the last wife, was born after 1G84, as she had
not reached the age of eighteen years at the date of his will. He left at least
one grandson, namely, Charles Pim, son of his daughter Elizabeth. The occur-
rence of the same names of children in the different generations of the Randolphs
of Kent and of Sussex adds strength to the presumption that they were
descended from the same original ancestor. — Albert H. Hoyt.]

"Barnard 1 Randolph of London Esq. and Common Sergeant of the same
city " was also of Wardis, Sussex. He was admitted to the office of common
Serjeant, March 4, 1563. Prior to December, 1582, he "charitably agreed to
bestow a large sum of money for bringing water out of the River Thames, by
an engine to be constructed by Peter Morice, from London Bridge to Old Fish
Street, in like manner as he had already brought the water to Leadenhall, and
by the way to supply the private houses of the citizens, which offer had been
approved by the Court of Aldermen," etc. His charities in this kind amounted
to £1800. Partly administered by the Fishmongers' Company.

January 28, 1582-3, Queen Elizabeth wrote to the Lord Mayor, Aldermen, etc.
" that Barnard Randolph, Common Serjeant, through age and infirmities was
unable to fulfil his duties." " The Queen recommended Julius Caesar, Doctor of
Civil Law, for the place and desired them to award some reasonable portion of the
profits to Randolph during his life," etc. In February, 1582-3, the Lord Mayor
wrote to Sir Francis Walsingham acknowledging her Majesty's letters in favor
of the appointment of Dr. Coesar, as deputy to Bernard Randolph. The matter
had been brought before the Courts of Aldermen and Common Council. Mr.
Randolph " had in both Courts delivered openly his answer in tears, declaring
his desire to remain and to die an officer of the City, and his most humble peti-
tion that intercession might be made for him to Her Majesty, not to command
him to be removed," and the Common Council became humble petitioners for
him to her majesty.

Sir Thomas Randolph (1523-1590), the celebrated diplomatist, who was prob-
ably of the same family as Barnard aforesaid, married a relative of Walsingham.

Thomas Kirton Avas admitted to the office of common serjeant, loco Barnard 1
Randolph, Esq., deceased, August 15, 1583.

His daughter Judith 2 Randolph, who married " Launcellot Batherst," hid
issue three daughters, namely : Elizabeth, 3 who married John Browne, Esq. ;
Mary, 3 who married Edmund Peshall, Esq. ; Susan, 3 who married Robert Owen,
Esq,; and the following sons : 1, Randolph 3 ; 2, Lancelot 3 ; 3, Edward 3 ; and 4,
George 3 Bathurst, Avith " Rauffe " mentioned in the will of John Browne of Hor-
ton Kirkeby, of whom I know nothing.

4. George 3 Bathurst, the fourth son, b. 1587, m. in 1610 Elizabeth Villiers,
and had by her thirteen sons and four daughters. Their youngest son, Sir Ben-
jamin 3 Bathurst, m. Frances, daughter of Sir Allen Apsley of Apsley in Sussex,
and their son Allen* Bathurst was created Baron Bathurst January 1, 1712, and
Earl Bathurst August 27, 1772.

1. Randolph 3 Bathurst, the eldest son, married Catherine Argall, and they
were the parents of Judith 4 Bathurst (who married "Thomas Buckhurst ") ,
Sir Edward 4 Bathurst and Samuel 4 Bathnrst, mentioned in Sir Samuel Argall's
will. There were probably other children.

The Edmond Randolph mentioned in John Browne's will, I suppose to be the
Edmond Randolph (who married Margarett Argall) mentioned in Sir Samuel


Argall's will; and may ^ the " loving cousin Edmond Randolph Esq" mentioned
in the will of Barnard Randolph of Biddendcn in 1628.

I cannot now refer to the best county histories of Sussex aud Kent; but I am
under the impression that the Randolphs of these two counties were of the
same original stock. The Randolphs of Virginia are said to have been origin-
ally from Sussex. The line as prepared for me by the late Rev. Edmund Ran-
dolph, of the Isle of Wight, England, and published in The Critic, Richmond,
Virginia, a few years ago, is as follows :

Robert Randolph of Hams, Sussex, m. Rose, dau. of Thomas Roberts of
Hawkhurst, Kent.
I. William,* b. 1572, d. 1600; settled at Little Houghton, Northamptonshire;
m. 1st, Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Smith of Nawnham, and had issue :

1. Thomas, the poet, b. June 15, 1605; d. March, 1634.

2. William, b. 1607.

3. Robert, b. ; d. 1671.

4. Elizabeth, b. 1613; m. Burkett.

I. William Randolph m. 2d, Dorothy, dau. of Richard Lane, and widow of
Thomas West.

5. John.

6. Richard, b. 1621; d. 1671; ra. Elizabeth Ryland.

i. Richard.

ii. William, b. 1651; emigrated to Virginia about 1669; d. 1711.
Left issue in Virginia.

7. Henry, b. 1623; went to Virginia in 1643; clerk Henrico Co., clerk

House of Burgesses, etc. Left issue in Virginia.

8. Anne, b. 1625 ; d. infant.

9. George, b. 1627 ; killed before the battle of Naseby.

10. Margaret, b. 1629.

11. Judith, b. 1630.

The " M r Edmond Peershall " mentioned in John Browne's will (1596), I take
to be the Edmond Peshall. Esq. who married Mary 3 Bathurst. He is mentioned
in " The Genesis of the United States," pp. 225, 257, 387, 826, 962, 965. Most
of those named in Sir Samuel Argall's will can be located by the extract from
the Argall pedigree given in that Avork on pp. 814-815. For other references see
the Index.

I am glad that Mr. Waters has established the date of Sir Samuel's death.
When compiling the sketches for my work, I noted the extract from Capt. Pen-
nington's letter^ first published in "The Aspinwall Papers," Mass. Hist. Soc.
Coll., Vol. IX., fourth series, and afterwards in "The Dictionary of National
Biography," Vol. II., p. 80. I also noted that Strype gave 1633 as the date of
his bequest to "The Trinity House," and that others had placed his death in
1639. I asked a friend in London to read the whole of Pennington's letter aud
to reconcile the dates, if he could. The reply Avas that " it was the master of
the Swiftsure who died in 1626, and not Argall." The language of the letter
seems not to have been very clear. In the light of the will, it is now evident
from this letter that Argall died on January 24, 1625-6. — Alexander Brown,
of Norwood, Nelson Co., Vu.

William Poole of Shute, Devon, Esq. (date not specified) proved 14
October 1587. To be buried where my wife shall appoint. To the Vicars
of Colyton and Seaton. I have appointed to Katherine my wife, for her
jointure, for term of her life, the manor of Blackborne boty and my moiety
of the manor of Beare (and other lands &c). Other bequests to her.
And my will is that the said Katherine my wife shall have the "manu-
raunce," usage aud occupation of my house and Park of Shute &c. for three
score years if she so long live, and after that term it shall be to my son and

* Mr. William Randolph lived first at Hams, near Lewes in Sussex, and afterwards
settled at Little Houghton. He was steward to Edward Lord Zoueh, of whom there is a
portrait and sketch in " The Genesis," see p. 1063 and index. Ben Jonson was Lord Zouch's
intimate friend, and he adopted Mr. William Randolph's son Thomas, the poet, as one of
his literary sons. Alexander Brown.


heir apparent William Poole for term of four score years if he so long shall
live and after said term ended it shall be to William Poole son of the last-
named William Poole my heir apparent by Mary his wife daughter of Mr.
Justice Periam for four score and nineteen years if he the same William
Poole now being the youngest so long shall live, and after said term ended
it shall be to such person or persons as from time to time shall be the heir
male of my body lawfully begotten during the term of one thousand and one
hundred years from thence next following and fully to be complete, re-
mainder to mine heirs female &c. To every of my cousins William and
Thomas Broughtou one yearly rent of four pounds &c. To Laurett Grene
my goddaughter forty shillings yearly so long as she shall serve my wife
and at the day of my wife's death ten pounds so as she shall marry with
the consent of Leonard Grene her brother. The executors to be John
Popham Esq. the Queen's Majesty's Attorney General, Thomas Hanhain
and George Wadham Esqs. Spencer, 62.

[William Poole of Shute, Devon, the testator, married Katharine Popham,
sister of Sir John Popham, Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench, and aunt
of Capt. George Popham (ante, p. 460), the leader of the short-lived colony
that settled in August, 1607, near the mouth of the Kennebec River. The
testator was buried at Shute, Aug. 24, 1587. His widow was buried there
Nov. 9, 1588.— Editor.]

Sir William Pole of Colcombe, Devon, knight aged 74 years the
Thirtieth of August last, will made 30 December 1635, proved 25 Feb-
ruary 1636. To be buried near the body of my deceased father on the
South side of my Aisle of burial near the place my grand nephew John
Pole is lately interred, with such monument as my wife and eldest son shall
think fit, not requiring extraordinary cost but decency. My will is that the
Lady Jane my now wife shall have all such plate as I had by the intermar-
riage with her, as well the fashion not altered as sithence by her appoint-
ment altered and changed into new fashion, with all Jewells, chains and
other ornaments which belonged unto her. Other bequests to her. To
my eldest son Sir John Pole, knight (certain plate and household stuff).
My will is that William Pole my son shall have five hundred pounds whereof
three hundred pounds was in the hands of Francis Courtney of Powderham
Esq., thereof fifty pounds paid unto my said son the rest remained in his
hands. The other two hundred my wife is contented to pay if she overlive
me six months.

By a nuncupative codicil the testator appointed Sir John Pole Bart 1 ., his
natural, lawful and eldest son, to be his sole executor.

Administration issued forth, 25 June 1658, to Sir Courtney Pole Baronet,
the natural and lawful grandchild of Sir William Pole late of Holcombe,
Devon, knight, deceased, to administer the goods &c. of the said deceased
left unadministered by Sir John Pole Bar 1 ., son and sole executor &c. since
also deceased. Goare, 38.

[Sir William Pole, the testator, son of the preceding, was the well known
antiquary, author of " Collections towards a Description of Devonshire," 4to.
London, 1791. He was the father of William Pole, or Poole, the schoolmaster
at Dorchester, Mass. (whose epitaph is printed in the Register, vol. ii., page 381)
and of Miss Elizabeth Poole, the first known settler of Taunton, Mass.

Sir William Pole was bp. Aug. 27, 1561, at Shute, Devon, and d. in Feb., 1635-6.
His burial is entered on the Colyton Register as " 10th day of March, 1635";
but in the Appendix to his published '-Collections" he is said to have died "on
the 9th of February at his house of Colcombe in the seventy-fourth year of his
age." There is an original picture of him at Shute House. — (History of Taun-
ton, Mass., by Rev. S. H. Emery, Syracuse, 1893, page G7, where other facts


concerning him will be found.) He married 1st, Mary, dan. and coheir of Sii
William Periam, Knt, Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer; and 2d, Jane, dan.
of "William Symes, Esq., and widow of Roger How of London, merchaut.
There is a pedigree of this family in the " Visitations of the County of Devon,"
edited by Lieut. Col. J. L. Vivian, pages 602-4, commencing before the time of
Henry II. and coming down to the present century, to which work I am in-
debted for many of my facts. The children of Sir William were all by his first
wife. His sons were: 1. Sir John, created a baronet Sept. 12, 1628; in 1st, his
step sister, Elizabeth, dan. of Roger and Jane (Symes) How'; 2d, Mary, widow
of William Lechlaud. 2. William, bur. Aug. 19, 1536. 3. Periam, bp. Aug. 16,
1592; mat. at Exeter College, Oxford, Nov. 3, 1G09, aged 17; B.A. Dec. 12,
1609; student of the Inner Temple, 1612, as of Shute, Devon, gen. (Foster's
Alumni Oxonienses, vol. 3, p. 1176). He m. Dorothy Hippesley, and settled in
Ireland, where he acquired large possessions. 4, 5 and 6. William, Arthur and
Francis, triplets, bp. Dec. 4, 1593. William came to NewEnglaud. (Seebeloic.)
Arthur d. in childhood from a fall. Francis mat. at Oriel College, Oxford, March
24, 1609-10, aged 16: B.A. Nov. 3, 1612; M.A. from Hart Hall, June 12, 1616;
vicar of Tregony, Cornwall, 1623 (Foster's Alumni Oxonienses, vol. 3, p. 1175 .
He d. 1627. The daughters of Sir William Pole were : 1. Mary, bp. June 26, 1536 ;
m. 1st, April 5 1602, Nicholas Hurst; m. 2d, Nov. 7, 1606, Francis, sou and
heir of Sir William Courteney of Powderhara, Devon. 2. Katharine, bp. Aug.
20, 1587; m. Thomas Southcote of Ottery Mohun. 3. Elizabeth, bp. Aug. 25,
1583; came to New England; d. May 21, 1654, aged 65. — (See Emery's Ministry
of Taunton, vol. i., pp. 42-3.) 4. Anne, bp. Nov. 1, 1589; m. Edward Walroud
of Bovey, Devon; mar. lie. Jan. 5, 1611-12, Exeter. 5. Eleanor, bp. May 22,
1597; m. Anthony Floyer of Floyers Hayes. A pedigree of this family of Pole,
by Samuel G. Drake, A.M., is printed in his editiou of Baylies's History of
New Plymouth, Part v. (vol. ii.), page 28. See also Wottou's English Baro-
netage, London, 1741, vol. ii., pp. 124-29.

William Pole (above named), son of the testator, was mat. at Oriel College.
Oxford, March 24, 1609-10, a. 16; B.A. Nov. 3, 1612; student of the Inner Tem-
ple, 1616, as of Colyton, gen. (Foster's Alumni Oxonienses. vol. 3, p. 1176 .
He and his sister Elizabeth came to New England as early as 1637. He settled
at Dorchester, but after a short stay there removed to Taunton. He returned
to Dorchester as early as 1660, and died there Feb. 25, 1674-5, aged 81. A
biographical notice of him, by William B. Trask, A.M., is printed in the Dor-
chester Antiquarian Society's History of Dorchester, pp. 487-9. — Editor.]

[This William Pole is mentioned prominently in the early days of Taunton,
1639, as Capt. William Pole. He was a deputy of Taunton to Plymouth iu
that and other years, and was also member of the Council of War. He
moved to Dorchester in 1660, where his son Theophilus was born 27 May that
year. He held the offices of clerk of the writs and schoolmaster iu Dorchester,
where he died 24 Feb. 1674-5. On his tomb was engraved an epitaph of his
own composition. Jane, his wife, survived him. From depositions in the
Suffolk and Bristol County records, there seems to be a relationship with the
Farwell family at Taunton, though it may be through William Pole rather than
his wife. Jane, widow of William, died"9 Sapt. 1690. ,Hcr will, dated 29 Aug.
1690, mentions son John and his wife, daughters Bethesda Fil«r (wife of John
Filer) and Mary Henchman (wife of Daniel Henchman), a grandson, John Pole
(who died before 1711), and his sister Jane (who married Timothy Lindall).
The children of William and Jane Pole were : John, b. 1639, d. 1711 ^Nathaniel,
living in 1654 ; Timothy, drowned at Taunton 1667 ; Mary, m. Daniel Henchman ;
Bethesda, m. 1686, John Filer; William, bapt. 1658, d. 21 April, 1687; Theophi-
lus, b. 1660.— W. K. Watkixs.]

Dorothy Pole of Tallaton, Devon, widow. 24 January 1651, proved
18 February 1651. To my daughter Dorothy Pole two hundred pounds
To my daughter Mary Pole two hundred pounds. To my son Theodor
Pole one hundred pounds. To my son Periam Pole the best cow which I
shall be possessed of at the time of my death. Whatever shall be recovered
in the suite or suites for the recovery of the issues and profits of certain
parcels as appurtenances of the farm of Soulhcotts shall be equally divided


amongst all rny children. The household stuff in my farm house called
High Haine in the parish of Morton Hamsteed shall be equally divided
between my two daughters Dorothy and Mary and my said two sons Periam
and Theodor. The rest of my goods &c. I give and bequeath unto my son
Nathaniel whom I make sole executor. Theodor a minor. A tenement at

Proved by Nathaniel Pole, son and executor. Bowyer, 41.

Lady Jane Pole of Coleton, Devon, widow, 29 August 1653, proved
10 June 1654. To be buried in the aisle of the church in Coleton where
my last hucband Sir William Pole, knight, and my dear daughter, first wife
of Sir John Pole, Baronet, lie interred. There is paid unto the hands of
Sir John Pole, Baronet, four hundred pounds due to me upon his promise
anu agreement made unto me and with me which is known unto Courtnay
Pole my grandson and also to my brother Shapcott of Exeter and unto
John Merefield of Crewkerne in Somerset Esq., which also appears by a
letter under his hand to me bearing date 1 August instant. This to be
bestowed in a purchase of certain lands in Yorkshire. To my said grand-
son Courtney Pole all my lands &c. in any part of England and all moneys
which shall be recovered against any person except that debt owing to me
from Sir William Pole my grandchild lately deceased. To Martha Every
my grandchild a silver tankard on which is my coat of Arms of " Symses"
engraven. To Elizabeth Pole my grandchild twenty pounds. To my
daughter (sic) Pole the wife of Courtney Pole my grandson five pounds to
buy her a watch. To Jane Pole the daughter of Courtney Pole an annuity
of five pounds until she be married. This to be employed in a gown or in
other cloathes every year for her. This is a remembrance unto her that she
had a grandmother loved her. To John Pole, the son of Courtney, I
have already given the house I now live in to descend to him after the
death of his father and mother. There was from Sir William Pole my
grandchild deceased owing to me two hundred and fifty pounds, still due
and unpaid, and for the recovery of which there were and are suites de-
pending for me against the Lady Katherine Pole deceased, her brother
John Symberke (sic.) Esq. and others to whom Sir William Pole's estate
came as executors, administrators or otherwise. Directions given as to this.
This sum to my executor until Katherine and Jane Pole, eldest daughters
to the said Sir William Pole do both of them attain to the ages of sixteen
years and then one half to Katherine and the other half to Jane. If either
die before that age then her half to the third daughter of the said Sir
William Pole, (and so on). To my brother John Symes Esq. and to each
of his sons, my cousin Henry and my cousin Thomas, a ring. A ring also
to my brother Shapcote and another to his wife. I do constitute and appoint
Courtney Pole Esq. my grandson my sole executor, to whom I give, over
and besides what I have already done, all such moneys as shall be due to

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