Henry F. (Henry Fitz-Gilbert) Waters.

Genealogical gleanings in England. [Parts I-xxiii,xxv] (Volume 2) online

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Sentence for the confirmation of the foregoing will was pronounced 2 De-
cember 1630 (testator being called of the parish of St. Andrews Holborn) in a
case between John Damm the executor &c. on the one part and Christopher
Pinchion and Jane Hone, wife of Bartholomew Hone, brother and sister of
the deceased, on the other part. Scroope, 111.

Dorothie Da vies the only daughter of Matthew Davies late Doctor
of Divinity and vicar of Writtle in Essex, 13 April 1634, proved 24 Octo-
ber 1634. Mary Davies, widow, my dear and right well beloved mother to
be my sole executrix. Lands in Roxwell and Writtle, viz', my farm or
tenement called Owsdon's, now in the occupation of Henry Sharpe. My
capital messuage called the New House, the lands for the most part in the
occupation of Francis Purchase. Edward Bogges the son of my beloved
half brother. Christmas day my birthday. I bequeath the reversion of
my house and lands called Newhouse, in the possession or occupation of



858 GENEALOGICAL GLEANINGS IN ENGLAND.

my mother Mary Davies and the said Francis Purchase, unto Thomas
Bogges son of the said Mary Davies my mother and my well beloved half
brother. To Sir Thomas Elliott, knight, my uncle, twenty shillings to buy
him a ring. To Edward Boosey and Jane his wife, my sister, twenty shil-
lings apiece (for rings). To Edward, Mary and Elizabeth Boosey, son and
daughters of my brother Edward Boosey Doctor in Divinity, ten shillings
apiece. To Thomas Newburgh and Mary his wife my sister, now in Ire-
laud, twenty shillings apiece (for rings). To their four children, by what
name or names they be baptized, ten shillings apiece. To John Elliott
gen', my uncle and to Anne Elliott his wife twenty shillings apiece (for
rings). To Anne Elliott daughter of my said uncle twenty shillings to
buy her a ring. To Mary Elliott the daughter also of my uncle John
Elliott (the same). To Edward and Susanna Eliott, children of my said
uncle John, ten shillings apiece. Item, I give unto John Pinchone my
uncle and unto Hannah his wife tweuty shillings apiece in several to be
paid to them and either of them to buy them and either of them a ring.
To Hannah and Sarah Pinchone daughters of my said uncle John Pinchone
twenty shillings apuece (for rings). To my aunt Elizabeth Young widow
twenty shillings to buy her a riEg. To John Young her son twenty shil-
lings to buy him a ring. The same to Elizabeth and Edward Young,
children of Auut Young. To my well beloved kinsman John Lukyne my
great English bible, Mr. Bilston's books and three silver gilt spoons which
my god mother gave me. To Constautine Young, my aunt Young's son,
one good book to be delivered to him upon demand. To John Pinchone
son of my uncle John Pinchone one good book &c. To my kinswomen
Alice Briggett and Jane Lukyne, sisters of my kinsman John Lukyne, one
handkerchief apiece presently after my death. To Anne Cragge my white
box now standing in the New house and one other box now remaining in
the house of my uncle John Eliott in London. To John Collyn the sou of
James Collyn of Chelmsford, my godson, twenty shillings. I do heartily
desire my well beloved brother Edward Boosey of Willingall Spain, Essex,
to be overseer &c. Seager, 87.

Mary Pinchon wife of Christopher Pinchon, citizen and woodmouger
of London, and wife and now executrix of the last will and testament of
Maximilian Dancy late of London, merchant, deceased, her will made
5 March 1650, proved 26 April 1651. Whereas the said Christopher Pin-
chon and I the said Mary, his wife, by our Indenture of assignment, under
our hands and seals, bearing date 19 January 1649, did grant &c. to John
Symonds citizen and cutler of London and Miles Skinner of London mer-
chant one Indenture of Lease, bearing date 30 November 1635, made and
granted by and from Richard Russell of Rederith, Surrey, mariner, by the
name of Richard Russell of Ratcliffe, Middlesex, mariner, unto the said
Maximilian Dancy of certain messuages or tenements, wharves and other
premises &c. in Rederith for the term of one hundred four score and nine-
teen years from the date of the said Indenture at and for the yearly rent of
one pepper corn payable as in and b}' the said Indenture of lease is appointed
(the foregoing assignment was for the purposes of a Trust). Myles Skin-
ner the surviving trustee. My daughter Mary INncv. My son Maximilian
Dancy. My friend Mr. Thomas Perryman. Grey, 94.

John Pynchon of Writtle Esq. 22 March 1650, proved 20 October
1654. Lands held of the Warden and scholars of St. M«ary College of Win-




GENEALOGICAL GLEANINGS IN ENGLAND. 859

Chester in Oxford, commonly called New College in Oxford. My uncle
Sir Thomas Tempest, knight. My cousin John Tempest, his son. My
wife Anne Pynchou. My lands in Bradwell juxta mare, Essex. My
.laughters. Their mother my wife. My son if God send me one.

Alchin, 453.

[This John Pynchon, who died in 1654, was the son of Sir Edward Pynchou
and his wife Dorothy "Weston, and the father o^|
Bridget Pynchou, who married William, Baron Pel i *
of Writtle for his second wife. He was buried in
the chancel of "Writtle Church. Upon the memorial
tablet which covers his body are engraved the ac-
companying arms of the Pynchon family, with the
following inscription: " Here lyeth the body of
John Pynchon of Writtle Esq. son of Sir Edward
Pvnchon of Writtle Kn't, who departed this life the
80 th day of July, 1654 : aud also the body of Edward
Pynchon Gent, son of the said John Pynchon Esq.
who departed this life the 12 th of Feb'ry 1672 : and
also Ann, wife of the said John Pynchon Esq r who
departed this life ye 10 th day of May 1675."— T.R.P.] Pykchok.

William Pynchon, of Wrasbury, alias Wyrardisbury, in the County
of Bucks, gentleman, 4 October 1662, proved 8 December 1662, by John
Wickens, special executor, under the limitations specified in the said will.

My chief executor is at present absent. To Elizabeth, Mary and Rebecca
Smith, daughters of my son Master Henry Smith, and to his son Elisha
Smith twenty pounds apiece, to be paid by my son M 1 . Henry Smith at the
time of their marriage, as he did unto Martha Smith, out of a bond which
he owes me, of two hundred and twenty pounds; to my daughter Anne
Smith the rest of the said bond (of 220 1 ') with the overplus of interest.
To the children of my daughter Margaret Davis, of Boston in New Eng-
land, deceased, videlicet unto Thomas, Benjamin and William Davis, ten
pounds apiece to be paid by my son M r . Henry Smith. To my son Master
John Pynchon, of Springfield in New England (a sum) out of the bond
which he owes me of one hundred and six pounds, dated 15 April 1654.
Whereas my son M r . Henry Smith hath promise to pay unto me his debts
which have been long due to him in New England and a horse of his at Barba-
does. for the satisfaction of an old debt that he owes me, in my Quarto Vellum
Book, in page 112, I bequeath them to the children of my son Master
Elizur Holioke in New England &c. To the poor of Wraysberie three
pounds. Son M r . John Pynchon of Springfield in New England to be
executor, to whom the residue, provided he pay to Joseph and John Pyn-
chon and to Mary and Hetabell Pynchon twenty pounds apiece. Mr.
Wickens, citizen and girdler of London, and Mr. Henry Smith of Wrays-
bery to be overseers. Friend M r . John Wickens to be my executor
touching the finishing of my administration business concerning the estate
of Master Nicholas Ware in Virginia, whose estate is thirty pounds in a
bill of Exchange to Capt. Pensax and about eighteen thousand of tobacco,
in several bills made over by M r . Nicholas Ware to Capt. John Ware of
Virginia &c. To beloved sister Jane Tesdall of Abington twenty pounds;
to sister Susan Platl twenty pounds, as a token of my cordial love; certain
clothing to Mary, Elizabeth and Rebecca Smith. Laud, 156.

[The will of Master Henry Smith of Wraysbury, who married Anne, one of
the daughters of the foregoing testator and" is mentioned in the above will-
has already been given in my Genealogical Gleanings (ante, page 723). M



860 GENEALOGICAL GLEANINGS IN ENGLAND.

friends in New England can give a better account than I of "William Pinchon
himself and of his family connections in New England. As to his connections in
old England and especially with the Pinchon family of Writtle the wills I have
given speak pretty clearly. My friend Dr. Marshall writes me from Heralds'
College that in both the Visitations of Essex now in the College (that of 1614
and that of 1634) in which the pedigree of this family is entered it begins with
John Pinchon and Jane his wife. So too does the Visitation of London of 1633-34,
see Harl. So. Pub.). But the Visitation of Essex of 1612 published by the Harle-
ian Society gives Nicholas Pinchon of London as the father of John. This can-
not be true, as any clear headed reader will see who shall carefully examine and
compare the wills I have given. Nicholas Pinchon undoubtedly belonged to the
Writtle family for he ordered that a priest should sing in the church of "Writtle
for his soul and the souls of his father and mother &c. for one whole year ; and
he mentions his "cousin" John Pinchon dwelling in "Writtle. For "cousin"
the most probable reading, in modern language, is nephew ; so the reference may
be to that very John Pinchon with whom the pedigree starts in the Visitations
now in the College of Arms. John died in 1573, and of his will I have given
a large abstract. Let any one read it and compare it with the will of William
Pynchyn of Writtle who died in 1552 and he cannot have the least doubt that
John was the eldest son and heir of William. The latter calls himself " ye-
man," while the son, who had risen in the world, calls himself gentleman.
"William Pinchon, I suspect, was an inn-keeper who owned and occupied the
Swan, in which there was a room called the Warden's Chamber, probably because
the Warden of New College, Oxford, was in the habit of lodging there when he
visited Writtle to look after the landed property of his College in that neighbor-
hood. John Pinchon, the son, I would suggest, acted as bailiff or laud steward
for the Warden of New College and held the lease of East Hall in Bradwell, the
windmill and other properties of the College. William Pinchon named a daugh-
ter Dennys Pinchon. John Pinchon referred to his sister Dennis as the wife of
George Mansfield. William Pinchon gave to his son Edward certain property
called Skyggs and Turnors, with remainder to John. John Pinchon bequeathed
Skyggs and Tumors to his son Edward. William Pinchon, after making be-
quests to two married daughters and their children, bequeathed to Elizabeth
Pinchon, the daughter of John and Helen Pinchon, certain lands in Roxwell
called Cookes or Cockes. John Pinchon gave his daughter Elizabeth five hun-
dred marks upon condition that she should release her title to Cookes land in
Roxwell and to all the profits and rents due since the death of John's father.
William Pinchon also gave to the same Elizabeth certain real estate then occu-
pied by John Newton. John Pinchon also required his daughter Elizabeth to
surrender to John Newton all the interest which she might claim, by legacy or
gift " of her grandfather," in certain tenements which John Pinchon had sold
to the said John Newton. All this, I claim, abundantly proves my proposition
that the John Pinchon who heads the pedigree in the Visitations of Essex
in the College of Arms, as well as in the Visitation of London 1633-4, was
not the son (a yonnger son at that) of Nicholas Pinchon, but was the eldest
son and heir of the William Pinchon of Writtle who died in 1552, and that the
nearest relationship which Nicholas Pinchon bore to him could have been that
of uncle only.

Another statement which I dispute is that Nicholas Pinchon was of Wales.
I find not the least evidence to support this statement. On the contrary the
evidence of his will points to Writtle as his early home and that of his parents,
and this family name is found in Essex, and in the very next Hundred to Writ-
tie, fully a century earlier. In Morant's Essex (vol. 1, p. 305 &c.) I note that
certain lands in the manor of Barrow Hall in Wakering Magna were conveyed
in 1407 to John Pyncherne, that in 1426 Robert Warenor and others granted
their " maner of Banve Hall " to Thomas Pynchon and Alice his wife, and that in
1458 Thomas Pynchon, son of the last mentioned, and Elizabeth his wife granted
this maner and certain lands and tenements in Prittlewell, Canvey Island &c. to
William Lawzell gen'. &c. Bradwell juxta mare, where the Pinchon family after-
wards held the manor of East Hall by lease from the Warden and Fellows of
New College, Oxford, was, again, in the very next Hundred North of the last
and North East of the Hundred in which lies Writtle. In my opinion this is
the neighborhood where one should look for the earlier generations of our
Pinchon family.



GENEALOGICAL GLEANINGS IN ENGLAND.



861



Sometime ago I found in the Stowe MSS. at the British Museum (MS. 612,
L. 63 b ) * the following pedigree, without dates :—



JOH'ES STEPHEN — filia & heres Joh'is Atheward

(or Altheward).



Ric'us JStephcn= filia Campyn.



1 Elizabeth,
uxor Rici.

Everard.

Ric'us Everard.



2 uxor

Willi. Pinchon.



Ric'us Ev



verard.



3 Johanna, uxor
Stephen Sampforth.



T



4 uxor Thomae Young.

(Male issue given, &o.)



John Sampforth=Dionisia filia
Rici. Everard
de Waltham Magna.



1 Joh'es Pinchon.



T



2 Edw.
Pinchon.



3 Henricus
Pinchon.



Will's
Pinchon.



2 Joh'es
Pinchon.



3 Edw.

Pinchon.



Joh'es
Sampforth.



Nich'us
Sampforth



Will's
Sampforth.



No dates are given in this pedigree, but from another source I learn that the
Eichard Everard who married Elizabeth, daughter of Eichard Stephens gen 4 .,
died (or was buried) 29 Nov. 1561. It might be worth the while for an expert
specialist to folloAv this matter up. It looks as if the pedigree had been con-
structed to .show the descent of certain property of the Stephen family through

* The Stowe MSS. in the British Museum contain, in my judgment, one of the richest
and most valuable heraldic and genealogical collections in the Museum. My attention was
first called to them nearly ten years ago by Mr. Kensington, one of the well known officials
in the MSS. Department. There was no index to them. The only guide to their use was a
bound Catalogue such as was made up for the auction sale of these MSS. This as a rule,
simply indicated that such and such numbers were genealogical and heraldic, giving but
the slightest indications of the real nature of their content?. Only quite recently have the
authorities begun to put these collections in order and, as I have understood, with a view
to indexing them. The numbers of both books and leaves have been changed. Those
given above are the new numbers. According to the old numbering they were MS. G56,
L. 56 b . Up to the present time the only way to arrive at a knowledge of the contents of
these volumes has been to go through them leaf by leaf, as I have done with most of them.
I have vet to find the antiquary who knows much about them ; on the contrary, I have had
the gratification of making known to most of my friends their genealogical value. Among
them I found a pedigree of John Rogers the martyr which Col. Chester knew nothing
about, and which differs somewhat from the pedigrees already known to that distinguished
antiquary. Here also I found an account of the Dummcr family which I regret that I
could not have come across in Col. Chester's lifetime that I might have called his attention
to it. It was a petition of Edmund Dummer of Swathling in the parish of North Stone-
ham in Southampton, with a pedigree attached, setting forth his claim to a descent from
the ancient family of Dommcr of Dommer and indicating the line of descent. I made it
known to Prof, and Mrs. Salisbury, and take it for granted that it has been noticed in their
new volume of Family Memorials, which I understand has been recently published but
which I have not vet had the pleasure of examining. I found too an excellent pedigree of
the familv of Moo"dic of Garsdon and one of Dunch of Wittenham showing the ancestry of
our Ladv Deborah Moody and her husband. A grant of arms to Hopefor Bendall of
Milend, Middlesex, at once suggests Boston and Bcndall's Dock. A pedigree of Fairfax
shows the intermarriage of Ann Fairfax with Major Lawrence Washington and afterwards
with Col. George Lee. The Arms of Sir Richard Temple of Stow in the Co. of Bucks, K. B.
and Bar*, would interest some of our Boston friends, as would also a beautiful collection of
arms, without pedigrees, probably indicating Temple matches. There is a rousjh, torn and
incomplete Pinckney pedigree. The best pedigree of Jekyll I have found I hope soon to
make use of in mv account of the familv of John Jekyll of Boston, Massachusetts. I have
extracted also a large pedigree of Tindall, beginning with Henricus Comes Lutzcnburgh
(father of Henricus Imperator Germanic) and including the family of Sir John Tindall,
one of whose children is thus described, viz*. " Margareta uxor Johis Winthrop ar. qui
migrauit in novam Angliam." One of the curiosities in this collection is a roll of very
rude and ancient wall paper, showing on the back of it the ancestry of Jesus Christ and of
King Josiah. Another curious pedigree is that of the Greek Gods and the Titans.

Henht F. Waters.



8(52 GENEALOGICAL GLEANINGS IN ENGLAND.

the male issue of the four daughters and co-heirs of Richard Stephen. At any
rate it agrees finely with my theory of the descent of the Pinchon family of
Writtle from William Pinchon, and* is itself confirmed by the will of William
Pinchon, who mentioned a brother Richard Everard. If true, however, it shows
that the wife Elizabeth mentioned in that will was not his first wife and the
mother of his sous, for she was evidently au Allen and had sisters Agnes wife
of Edmond (or Edward) Church and Joan wife of Robert Grove.

Besides the pedigrees of this family published in the Visitations of Essex
and London, the only others I have seen here in print are those in Morant's
Hist, of Essex (11-65), Gyll's Hist, of Wraysbury and F. G. Lee's Hist, of
Thame. Morant deduces the family from Nicholas Pinchon of Wales, one of
the Sheriffs of London A. D. 1532, but gives no evidence in favor of it, only
referring to a pedigree which he describes as " now before us." He speaks of
John Berners, Esq. as having sold the manor of Turges probably to the Pinchon
family. If so there is not slightest evidence that Nicholas Pinchon had any-
thing to do with it. In fact I have not found a bit of evidence to show that he
owned any land at all, whether in Essex or elsewhere ; and I would ask why,
since he made a will, did he not make a testamentary disposition of real estate
if he had any? William Pinchon of Writtle, who was undoubtedly a kinsman of
Nicholas and possibly his brother, did possess considerable landed property;
and this, as we have seen, descended chiefly to his sons and especially to John, his
eldest son and heir. The latter doubtless made large additions, and probably
through leases from the Warden and Fellows of New College of their manor of
East Hall and other estates which we know he held. These leases we have
traced, through the eldest male line, to his great grandson John Pinchon who
died in 1654. "

The pedigree given in Gyll's History of Wraysbury also shows Nicholas as
the father of the John Pinchon who married Jane Empson and died 2!) Nov.
1573. This was undoubledly taken from Morant. It then continues the line
through John's son William who married Rose Redding and died 13 Oct. 15:»2.
We are told that William and Rose were the parents of Sir Edward (of Writtle)
"who died 6 May 1625," Henry, who is described as of Wraysbury, Chris-
topher and a Nicholas, win is also described as of Wraysbury in 1653. This
Nicholas is given as the father of William Pinchon who went to Connecti-
cut and returned and was buried 7 Nov. 1662. William's son John, we are told,
was of New England and had a daughter married to Henry Smith.

This, surely, is the wildest of guesswork. Some of the statements deserve to
be called sheer nonsense. In the first place, Henry Pinchon is shown by the
record to have been of St. Andrew's Holborn. In the next place William and
Rose Pinchon had no son named Nicholas. According to the epitaph in Writtle
church (see Morant) they had six sons, and we know just who they were, viz'.
Peter, who was eldest son and heir at the death of his father, Johu, who was
eldest brother and heir of Peter at his death, Sir Edward, who was eldest brother
and heir of John, at the hitter's decease, Henry, William and Christopher. There
was no Nicholas among them. Thirdly, William Pinchon of New England and
Wraysbury could not have been a grandson of William and Rose Pinchon, for
he was too old. He was three score years and ten at his death iu 1662. Now
Peter, eldest son and heir of William (and Rose) died in his minority without
male issue. John, the next brother and heir, also died a minor and without
male issue, and at his death (1 June 40 th Elizabeth) his brother Edward, who
succeeded as eldest brother and heir, was then a lad only seventeen years old.
His young kinsman William Pinchon of Springfield (afterwards of New Eng-
land) was then living a boy of six. Moreover Sir Edward Pinchon of Writtle
who, we are told, died 6 May 1625, must have come to life auain to make his
will (q. v.). We have only to note and compare these facts to show how ridicu-
lous such guesses are.

Merely noting that Dr. F. G. Lee's History of Thame contains the same old
error (borrowed I suppose from Morant) of the descent from Nicholas Pinchon,
let me now suggest the true line of ancestry of our William Pinchon. He was,
I believe, that William Pinchon of Springfield to whom Sir Edward Pinchon
bequeathed a piece of plate of ten pounds (see his will). This William was
undoubtedly Sir Edward's cousin german, the eldest son and heir of John Pin-
chon of Springhela (who died 1610). We have seen that he named in his will
two sisters, Jan^ and Susan, which were the names of two of the daughters of



GENEALOGICAL GLEANINGS IN ENGLAND. 863

John and Frances (Brett) Pinchon, and we know that he gave to that beautiful
town which he founded in "Western Massachusetts the name of Spriugflelcl,
undoubtedly in memory of his old home in England. His father, John Pinchon,
was clearly the second" son of John and Jane Pinchou of YV little, as is shown
by his possession of the lands &c. in Wike Street (see the wills of himself and
his father).

It may be well just here to insert certain notes gathered years ago in the
Public Record Office, Tetter Lane. From my notes of Lay Subsidies in Chelms-
ford Hundred. Co. Essex, I find that in the 39 th of Eliz : (1597) John Pyuchon
gen*, was taxed for lands in Springtield, Avhilc Rose Pinchyu, widow, and Edward
l'inchyn jun r . gen', were also taxed for lands in Writtle. Later I find that in
the 23' 1 of James (I) the name of William Pynchou appears on the Subsidy List
of Springfield, instead of his father's, and for the same amount (eight shillings),
and again on the list taken the 4 th of Charles (I).

Turningto my notes of Fines I get much more valuable information. Iu the
Fines of Hillary Term 35 Eliz. (1592) I find the following :—

Thomas Wale quer. and Henry Pynchou, gen. and Margaret his wife
deforc, for certain premisses in Radwinter (Essex), with a warranty against
the heirs of Margaret.

This must be Henry the son of William and brother of John Pinchon of Writ-
tie, whom his niece (by marriage) Airs. Rose Pinchon referred to in her will
(1599) as then living.

In the Fines (for Essex) of Michaelmas Term 37-8 of Eliz : (1595) I find :

John Pynchou gen. quer. and Jasper Vessy and Margaret his wife clef,
for oue messuage, one garden, one orchard, 30 acres of land, 6 acres of
meadow, 20 acres of pasture aud 4 acres of woodland &c. in Danbury.
Consideration 100£ sterling.

Paschal Term 38 Eliz : John Pynchou gen. quer. and Robert Pease
gen. aud Martha his wife, def. for one messuage, one garden, one orchard, 20
acres of laud, 4 acres of meadow, 16 acres of pasture &c. in Springfield.
Consideration 80£ sterling.

Hillary Term 5 Car (I) Thomas Home quer. and William Pinchon gen.
and Aim his wife, deforciant, for one messuage, one garden, one orchard,
26 acres of laud aud 10 acres of pasture in Springfield. Consideration
G0£ sterling.



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