Henry F. (Henry Fitz-Gilbert) Waters.

Genealogical gleanings in England. [Parts I-xxiii,xxv] (Volume 2) online

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Here we learn, first, that Henry Pinchon was married (a fact not known
before), and we get the Christian name of his wife; secondly, the exact year
when John Pinchon of Springtield acquired his estate in that town ; and thirdly,
the year when William Pinchon, his son and heir, sold that estate, and we get.
in addition, the Christian name of William's wife. These last facts are of
immense value; for I note that iu that very Term (Hill. 5 Car.) our Governor
Winthrop was making conveyances of real estate, and we know that in that very
year Gov. Winthrop made New England his home, and Avith him went a gentle-
man of some importance named William Pinchon who founded our Springfield,
and he too had a wife named Ann. All this, in connection with the mention, iu
his will, of two of his sisters (to which I have already referred) makes our
ease about as strong as circumstantial evidence can make it.

We are now therefore prepared to construct a pedigree of the family, aud
have prepared arable which will be found on the next page.

It will be noticed that I do not, in this pedigree, indicate the exact relation-
ship whicn Nicholas Pinchon of London bore to William Pinchon of Writtle,
for, I confess, upon further consideration, it seems too doubtful. The ques-
tion of their exact relationship hinges entirely upon the identification of that
'• cousin John Pyuchon dwelling in Writtell " mentioned in Nicholas Pinchon's
will. John, the son of William Pinchon, was probably living at the time

i~<28-9). Nicholas Pinchon made that bequest, since, as we have seen, he was
oil enough to be married and have issue before July 1551, when his father's
will was made. But i> it so probable that he was anything but a mere child
in 1528-9, and, if so, is it very likely that a mere child" would be described as


- PINCHON of Writtle.

1 I 2 |

.=Nicholas Pinchon=Agnes Parnell

cit. and butcher

of London. Will,

15.13, mentions

"cousin John

Pinchon dwelling

in Writtell."

her hus-

a si>ter

1 2
dau. of=William Pinchon=Elizabeth, da.

Rich. Ste-
phen, and
sister of
Rich. Kver-
ard's wife.

of Writtle, per'ps

an innkeeper.

Will, 1552, calls

Richard Everard


of . . . ., called
a sister of Hi-
chard Alljn or
Allen by her



ard. William. Robert. J oh


Edward, gets= da.

Skygges and of

Tumors with
remainder to
bro. John.
Living 1599.





in 1599.

da. of

(see Fines).

Joane= Brytton.

Joyce=John Athye.



Dennys=George Mannifeld.

da. of=Joh

Helyn, v,
.... Named
her father-in-


2 2

ynchon of Writtle, eldest=Jane, da. and coheir=Rt. Hon. Thos. Wilson

and heir. Probably bailiff
for lands owned by New Coll..
Oxford. Held the manor of East
Hull in Bradwell of New Coll.
Died 29 Nov., 1573 (Inq. p.m.).
Will names sister Dennys, and
refers to da. Elizubeth as owning
Cookes land in Roxwell since
death of his father.

gets Cookes land
in Roxwell Irom
William Pinchon.

of Sir Richard Emp-
son, knight. Will
proved 14 Feb., 1587.

Esq., LL.D. Married
15 July, 1576, at Terling
(P. R.). Will proved
9 July, 1682.



Elizabeth=GeofTrey Gates (or Gatts)
of Bury St. Edmunds.
— Jane=Andrew Paschal (or Pascall)
of Springfield.

William Pinchon=Rose, da. of

eldest son & heir.
Obt. 13 Oct. 34
Eliz. (Inq. p. m.).

Redding of Pinner
Midd. and sister of
George Redding.
sons and 3 dans,
(epitaph). Will
pro. 19 April, 1599.
.Mentions bro. John
Pinchon, his wife
and children.

John Pinchon of=Frances,da. of

Springfield. Gets
lands, &c., in

Weeke Street,
Writtle, from his
father. Inq. p.m.
Anno IX.Jacobi.
Will 1010, orders
lands in Weeke
Street sold.

Brett and
sister of Tho-
mas Brett of
Terling, whose

will (1070)
names her and
her children.

3 I

Edward Pinchon.
Gets Skygges and
Tumors from his

1 I

Peter, son

and heir.

Be 15 yrs.

in 1592.

2 I

John, brother

and heir of
Peter. Obiit
incustod R'ne
1» Junii A".
XL Eliz. (Inq,
p. m.)

Sir Edward Pinchon=Dorothy, da. of Sir

ot Writtle, knt., bro.
ther & heir of John.
Aged 17 yrs, at John's
decease. Will 1027.
Bequest to Wm. Pin-
chon of Springfield.

Jerome Weston,
knt,, of Roxwell,
who in will (1004)
calls Sir Kdward
Pinchon son in-

John Pinchon of Writtle, Esq.

Married and left issue.

Will 1054.


Mary, uxor Walter
Overbury, Esq.



obt. s. p.
will 1030.

obt. s. p.
will 1012.


married and

had issue

(see Vis. of


uxor. Rich,
ard Weston
aft. Karl of


Jane, uxor




a 3d dau.


of Springfield, E-sex; aft. of
N. E. Returned to England.
Buried at Wraysbury, Bucks.
Will proved 8 Dec. 1002. Names
sisters Jane and Susan.

2 I

I I !
A nnes.



Jane, uxor Susanna,
.... Tesdall. uxor




my cousin dwelling in Writtell " ? To my mind such a description rather sug-
gests a grown man or, at least, one nearly approaching maturity. On the other
hand I have not seen elsewhere the slightest evidence of the existence of any
other John Pinchou "dwelling in Writtell" than this very Tohn, the son of
William Pinchou, Of course it is possible to assume that William Piuchon had
two groups of children by separate matches and born a considerable interval
apart, John Pinchou being the eldest born by the first -wife. In the absence of
certain knowledge I must leave the whole matter as an open question. For
the same reason 1 do not show on the pedigree tl.3 exact maternity of William
Pinchon's children, although the little extract from the Stowe MSS. shows
pretty clearly that John, Edward and Henry at any rate, were his issue by the
daughter of Richard Stephen.

Nor have I gathered any evidence to confirm the statement that Jane the
(second) wife of John Pinchon of Writtle was a daughter and co-heir of Sir
Richard Empson, knight. I take that statement fronTthe visitations. By the
way, I notice that while Morant says that Sir Richard Empson was beheaded
17 August 1509, Dr. F. G. Lee says he was executed 18 August 1510, a discrep-
ancy of a year and a day.

The marriage of the widow, Mrs. Jane Pinchou, with Secretary Wilson,
Morant seems to doubt. And Ave should not gather from the will of the Secre-
tary any evidence at all of a connection with the Pinchons, while his widow
Mrs. Jane Wilson, though she describes herself as his widow, does not refer to
his children or family in any part of her will. Now in September 1891, when
I accompanied my friend Mr. Frank F. Starr into the County of Essex on a
hunt after Goodwins, I was able to secure the following from the Parish Regis-
ter of Terling : —

1576, 15 July the R'. Worshipf 1 . Mr. Thomas Wilson Esq., Master of
the Requests, to Mrs Jane Pinchin of Writtle gen'., will., p virt. dispens.
concessae ab Edwino Epo. Lond. A . Dfii 1576 et A . Ri> ne . Eliz. XVIII.

Mr. John Pinchon of Writtle in his will named a brother in law Mr. Peter
Osborne and his widow, Mrs. Jane Wilson, referred to the Right Worshipful
her loving brother Mr. Osborne of the Exchequer. Just how the relationship
came about I cannot now say. Morant's Hist, of Essex (vol. i. p. 323) under
So. Fambridge, gives some account of the Osborne family (whence the Osbornes
of Chicksands, Bedfordshire) from which it appears that there was a Peter
Osborne, born A. D. 1521, active and zealous for the Reformation, Keeper of
the Privy Purse to K. Edw. VI, who granted to him and his heirs the office of
Treasurer's Remembrancer in the Exchequer. In Qu. Elizabeth's reign he was
one of the High Commissioners for Ecclesiastical Affairs.

According to Morant, Edward the son of John Piuchon was knighted and
died s. p. His father left him Skyggs and Tumors, but that may have been
only a reversionary interest, since his uncle Edward, the brother of John, who
inherited this property from his father (with remainder to John) outlived his
eldest brother, as is shown by the will of Mrs. Rose Pinchon, who re .'erred to
him as " uncle Edward " and still living and having a wife then living? In con-
nection with this I have noted elsewhere that an Edward Pinchon is said to
have married Catherine daughter of Thomas Bolstred.

I have followed the Visitations in giving to John and Jane Pinchon two
daughters, viz'. Elizabeth, the wife of Geffrey Gates, and Jane the Avife of
Andrew Paschal. I believe hoAvevcr that Elizabeth, at any rate, Avas that
daughter id' John by his first wife (Helyn; toAvhoin her grandfather left Cookes
lands &c. in l.oxwoll, AA'hile as to Jane it is noticeable that Ave do not get any
mention of her in Avills, especially that of her assumed mother. Nor have I evi-
dence to Confirm the statement that Elizabeth, one of the daughters of William
and Rose Pinchon, became the wife of Richard Weston, afterAvards Earl of Port-
land, though I see no reason to doubt it.

What relation Palfc Evered bore to this family and wdio the Elizabeth Pyn-
chion Avas Avliom he called " my mother" I cannot say.

Hannah, wife of John Pinchon, whom Dorothy Davies (1634) called "uncle"
in her will, Avas, I have found, one of the daughters of Edward Elliot of Ncav-
laud by Jane, his wife, one of the three daughters and co-heirs of James (J edge
of Shenfield and Newland Esq. She had three brothers, Thomas (afterwards


Sir Thomas Elliot), Edward, on whose goods adraon. was granted to his sis-
ters Dorothy and Hanna, 14 May 1602, and John Elliot. Mrs. Pinchon's sister
Dorothy was, I suppose, the wife of John Collen of Writtle, gen'., and another
sister, Elizabeth, was married to Mr. John Yon»-e or Young of Roxwell.

The Inquisitiones post mortem in the Public Record Office concerning the
estates of thife family I have not personally examined, but in Add. MSS. 19985-
19989, British Museum, beincr Jekvll's Collections for a History of the Co. of
Essex, I find (B. 3, L. 119) that by an Inquisition held 4 Sept. XVIII Eliz ; it
was found that John Pinchon Esq. died 29 Nov. A . 17 (?) Eliz: and William
Pinchon was his son and heir and of the age of twenty years on the 25 th day of
April last.

By an Inquisition held 19 Dec. 35 Eliz : it was found that William Piuchon
died 13 Oct. last and Peter was his son and heir and of the age of fifteen years.

By an Inquisition held 4 July 40 Eliz : it was found that John Pinchon, brother
and heir of Peter Pinchon, son and heir of William Pinchon, Esq., died in Ward
of the Queen 1 June last and Edward was his brother and heir and of the age of
seventeen years.

Stowe MS. N°. 93 (old number) also contains an Alphabetical Table of Post
Mortems, Essex Co. , arranged in different groups according to the different reigns.
The first (small) group covers the reign of Henry VII, though I noted one
which was taken 22 E. IV. Then comes a large group headed " Temp. H.
Octavi, Virtute Bris." Next "Escaetriae Virt. Officii temp. H. Octavi." Then
" Inq. capt. in Com. Essex temp. Ed. VI Virt. Bris." The next was headed
" Maria et Ph'us et Maria." In none of these lists did I notice any Pinchons.
In the next list following (a long one) which was headed "Inq. capt. temp.
R'nae Eliz : " I found the three referred to above, i. e. that of John in the 18 th
year, William in the 35 th year, and John in the 40 th year of that reign. Then
follow two " Inq. Capt. temp. R. Eliz : Virt. Officii" (no Pinchons). The next
list, headed '• Inq. Virt. Bris. temp. Jacobi Rs," contains one, that of John Pin-
cheon, Anno 9 of that reign. This must be an Inquisition held after the death
of John Pinchon of Springfield, the father of our William Pinchon of Massa-

All these Inquisitions (especially the first and last) should in my opinion be
carefully examined by any one who purposes to make an exhaustive study of
the history of this family.

From my notes taken a few years ago from the Calendars of Fines I learn that
in Hillary Term of 1653 William Pynchon Esq. was a plaintiff ("quer.") against
Andrew Kinge and others " deforc." for real estate in Wyrardisbury, Co. Bucks.,
and again in the same Term against Jo. Bland Esq. and others, for real estate
in the same place. This means of course that he was a grantee and the others
were grantors of such property. I have not examined the Feet of Fines them-
selves in these cases, but think it well to call attention to them. It was probably
in that year (1653) that he settled clown in Wraysbury. I have no note of any
Nicholas Pinchon purchasing land there in that year. I question the statement
in Gyll.

In conclusion I would say that I have spent a great deal of time, from first to
last, over this problem, and my notes, I And, cover a good deal of space in
these Gleanings, but I have by no means made an exhaustive study of the whole
family. That I leave, as in all such cases, to the special enquirer, my own
attention being limited to one or two doubtful links in the direct chain of ances-
try of our New England family. I trust that in this respect the careful reader
will admit that if I have not absolutely proved I have at any rate shown it to
be altogether probable that our William Pinchon was that William Pinchon of
Springfield (Essex) eldest son and heir of John Pinchon of Springfield, who
died in IG10, that I have shown conclusively that this John Pinchon of Spring-
field was the second son of John Pinchon of Writtle, who died in 1573, and,
finally, that I have absolutely proved that tins John Pinchon of Writtle was the
eldest son and heir of William Pinchon of Writtle, who died in ]552, and not a
son of Nicholas Pinchon of London. Hkxuy F. Waters.

William Pynchon of Wrasbury, Avhose will dated October 4, 1662, is printed
on page 859, was the oldest son of John Pynchon of Springfield, and
grandson of John and Jane Pynchon of Writtle. He was educated at Oxford,
matriculating at Hart Hall, afterwards Hertford College, Oct. 14th, 1596, when
he was eleven years old. It was then the custom to send boys to the Halls of


Oxford at au early age. It was, no doubt, here that he acquired his familiarity
with Latin. Greek ami Hebrew, ami accumulated those stores of theological
ami patriotic learning that he drew from later in life in writing his various
works. He was in 1624 one of the church-wardens of Springfield parish in
England. Married Anna Andrew, daughter of William Andrew of Twiwell,
County Northampton. One of the principal projectors of the settlement of
New England. A patentee ami assistant named in the charter of the colony of
Massachusetts Bay, granted by Charles 1st, March 28th, 1G2S. Very active in
the organization of the Company, and present at all the meetings in London ;
also at the great meeting at Cambridge Aug. 2G, 1629, at which many of the
assistants agreed to remove to New England " in case the whole government,
together with the patent, were legally transferred and established to remain
there." Sailed from the Isle of Wight March 29th, 1G30, in the fleet of three
vessels that carried the charter over. In the same year the founder of Roxbury ;
in 1636 the founder of Springfield ou the Connecticut river, upon the great
Indian trail leading from the Narragauset and Fequot country, via the Westfield
river, to the Mohawk country above Albany, so that parties of Indians were
constantly passing his door in both directions. It was in this way that he be-
came widely known and very influential among the various Indian tribes of the
West, as well as those of New England.

It was to him, and not to the Connecticut people, that the Mohawks sent, as
proof of death, the scalp and hands of Sassacus the Pequot sachem who had
fled to them for refuge after the destruction of the fort at Mistick. For many
years, the name in common use among the Mohawks for the New Englanders,
was " Fynchon's men," out of respect for their nearest New England neighbour
at the mouth of the Agawam on the Connecticut, River, just as they named the
Dutch " Corlear's men" out of respect for Antony Von Corlear, the first
of the Dutch with whom they were brought into intimate relations. And, so
deeply rooted was their esteem for him and his family, more than a hundred
years after this, iu 1751, the chiefs of the Mohawks requested the Massachu-
setts Government: "that Brigadier Dwight and the Colonel Fynchon of
that day might be improved in future interviews, and as to Colonel Fynchon in
particular they urged their acquaintance with his ancestors and their experience
of their integrity." Sole magistrate and administrator of Indian affairs for all
Massachusetts west of Wachuset mountain. In 1650 the author of the book
entitled " The Meritorious Price of our Redemption." In 1652 returned to Eng-
land. In 1653 bought lands in Wraysbury, County Bucks, near his Bulstrode
relations in the adjoining parish of Horton, and directly opposite Magna Charta
Island in the Thames, and the field of Runnymede. Died Oct. 29th^ 1662, and
was buried in Wraysbury church-yard. His gold seal ring with the Fynchon
arms engraven upon it is still in existence and the possession of one of his de-
scendants in the line of primogeniture. His only son John Fynchon remained
in New England, and from him are descended all who bear the name in America.
— T.R. P.]

Richard Fryer, citizen and fruiterer of Loudon, 15 December 1G86,
proved 26 February 1687. Me mentions lands, messuages, tenements and
hereditaments in the parish of Staines and in the parish of Raisbury, in
County Bucks, which he had lately purchased of John Pinchon, the elder,
and John Pinchon, the younger, of New England, gentlemen. His legatees
are wife Frances Fryer, son Peter Fryer, daughter Susanna Peake, son-in-
law William Peake. Mary, Johanna and Elizabeth Fryer, daughters of
brother Robert Fryer, late of Old Winsor, County Berks, fisherman, deceased
and sister Elizabeth Whittle, of Old Winsor, widow. Exton, 14.

Luke Fawni: citizen and stationer of London, 11 February 1665 and
again signed, scaled, published and declared 17 March 1665 (after several
interlineations and erasures &c.) proved 29 March 1666. Imprimis I give
and bequeath unto my kinswoman Mrs. Elizabeth Clement, living near
Boston in New England, eldest daughter of my brother M r John Fawne,
the sum of fifty pounds &c. to be paid into her own hands within four years


after my decease, and to her son Fawne Clement the like sum (at one and
twenty). To all the rest of the children which my said kinswoman now
hath fifty pounds equally hetween them to be divided. To my daughter
in law Jane Serjant twenty pounds. To my cousin Stephen Serjant, her
son, one hundred pounds, at four and twenty, and thirty pounds more to be
laid out iu putting him forth apprentice. To Jane Serjant, his sister, twenty
pounds, in four years. To my kinsman Mr. Samuel Dixon one hundred
pounds, in six months, and to his son Samuel Dixon twenty pounds at one
and twenty. To my cousin Capt. John Cressett and his wife thirty pounds
to buy them mourning. To Edward Cresset the younger fifty pounds and
to Elizabeth Cresset fifty pounds and to John Cressett the younger and
Joseph Cressett twenty pounds apiece, in two years. To my cousin Valen-
tine Shuckbrowe and Bridget his wife ten pounds aud to her three children
Jane, Sarah and Anne Youngers threescore pounds, equally to be divided
between them in three years. To Valentine Younger forty shillings. To
John Younger, Fellow of Magdalen College, Oxford, fifty pounds iu one
year. To my loving cousins Mr. Jonathan Mathew and Bridget his wife
and their children now living one hundred pounds, equally between them
to be divided, in four years. To Benjamin Mathew fifty pounds in four
years. To my servant Brabazon Aylemer ten pounds. Sundry other ser-
vants and friends. My cousin Mr. Henry Browne and his wife. Cousin
Elizabeth Cressett, daughter of Capt. John Cressett. To my cousin Sarah
Browne thirty pounds and to my cousin Samuel Syinonds twenty pounds.
The residue to my wife Dorothy Fawne, and I make her my said wife and
my cousin Capt. John Cresset and my friend M r John Macook of London,
stationer, my executors &c. Mico, 43.

Dorothy Fawne of Hackney, Middlesex, widow, 15 September 1666,
proved 18 October 1666. My brother Thomas Weaver, the son of Ed-
ward Weaver the elder. William, Robert and Thomas Heatley the three
sons of my sister Elizabeth Heateley wife of Gabriel Heateley, apothecary,
deceased. The Company of Stationers. Mr. Thomas Heatley and his
wife. Anthony Dowse, stationer. The residue to John Weaver son of
Edmond Weaver the younger whom I make mv whole and sole executor.

Mico, 141.

[The following extracts from Smith's Obituary (Camden Society Publica-
tions) are interesting in connection with the foregoing wills :

1656 April 2 Mrs Fawne wife to Capt. Luke Fawne, bookseller in
Paul's church yard, buried.

1665 (6) March 20 Capt. Luke Fawne bookseller at ye Parrott in Paul's
church yard died.

From the records of Essex County (Massachusetts) I learned that Robert
Clements was married unto Elizabeth Fane the 8 th of the 10 th mo. 1652.

I also have the following note from the Registry of Deeds of Essex Co.
(Mass.) B. 30, L. 38) :

Robert Clement Sen 1 " of Haverhill in the Co. of Essex and Elizabeth Clement
his wife, which Elizabeth was and is ye daughter of Mr. John Fawne formerly
of Haverhill in New England, to our son Fawne Clement of Newbury all and
singular ye sum or suraes of money to us or cither of us given or bequeathed by
will as a legacy to us or either of us and more especially referring to a legacy
given by Mr. Luke Fawne formerly of ye city of London, Stationer, or by any
other person or persons whatsoever. 5 March 1707 (8).

Wit : James Sanders, Joseph Kingsbury.

The following memorandum also I took from Essex Co. Deeds, B. 37, L. 152 :


A memorandum belonging to Fawne Clements; recorded 15 th Septem-
ber 1720.

M™ Clements Daughter of M r John Fawne & Elizabeth Fawne w ch
Elizabeth Clements was nese to one Luke Fawne a stationer in Paul's
Church Yard at ve si<rne of y e Parriot who Died a little before y e fire &
gave Mrs. Clements £300 & Left it in y e hands of one M r John Cresitt in
Charter house Yard in London & M r Edward Clements at y e sigue of y e
Lamb in Ab Church Lane & M r Edward Henning march' in Loudon & M r
Jerrat Marshal in London.

This Intelligence I had of y e Reverend M r Emmerson minister of Pas-
cataqua — w ch he had of the Leiv' Governor Vaughn of Pascataqua.
Boston May 7 th 1716. John Camell.

Boston September 13 th 1720 y e aboves d John Campbell made oath y l by
Vertue of y e abovementioned Relation w ch he Received from y c Reverend
M r John Emmerson he Printed & advertisement of it in y e News Letter
N° 629 May 7 th 1716. Samuel Lynde Justice Peace.

Henry F. Waters.]

John Oldfield of London, Esq., 30 — 1656, proved 3 November 1657.
To be buried in Creechurch, in the chancel where my beloved wife Kath-
erine was laid, in the North side of the ehancel. To my daughter Elizabeth
Cowper my house at Bow &c, and, for her maintenance, the lease of the sugar
house in Billiter L;ine, London, which is clear forty pounds per annum.
To my two grandchildren John and Ann Fleetwood, son and daughter of
my daughter Katherine, wife to Col. George Fleetwood, I say to John
Fleetwood five hundred pounds, to be paid to his father, now Sir George
Fleetwood, upon security &c, and to Ann Fleetwood five hundred pounds,
payable (as above). My cousin Elizabeth Ward. Richard Turvile my
servant. My kinsman John Short, now with me. The poor of Bowe,
where my house is, and of Katherine Creechurch, where I now dwell.
Christ Hospital, for their poor children. The poor of Ashborne, where I
was born. My brother William Oldfield. My sister Margaret Oldfield
and her grandchildren, daughters of my cousin John Oldfield deceased.
My son George Cowper Esq. to be my executor. And I desire my loving
friend Richard Turvile and my cousin Simon Smith to be my overseers.
And I give to Simon Smith ten pounds and to my cousin Martha Smith his

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