servedly in high repute. She was the
widow of Mr. John Opie, a historical
painter of much distinction.
Osgood, Mrs. Sarah, N. Andover, 13 Jan.,
in her S4'h year; w:dow of the late
Palmer, Mrs. Judith. Andover, (Ballard
Vale,) 24 Feb., ae. 70.
Parker, Hon. John Avery, New Bedford,
30 Dec, ae. 84 yrs. 3 mos. ; an exten-
sive merchant of that place.
Marriages and Deaths.
Partridge, Capt. AlJen, Norwich, Vt., 17
Jan., ae. about 70. He was one of the
officers earliest attached to the Militarv
Academy at West Point, and for many
year.s was a superintendent of that insti-
tution. He was one of the Boundary
Commissioa to establish the line between
the U. S. and Canada. In the army he
held a Captain's commissioa, which he
resigned ia 1S17, and soon after set up
a ^military scnool at his native place.
(Norwich,) since so extensively known
throughout the Republic. He had es-
tablished a military school at Bristol.
Pa., w'. h he intended to open this
spring. This he called "The National
Military Academy." His school at Nor- 1
wich was so far north, that Southerners
were prejudiced against it, which chiefly
induced him (as he told the writer) to'
take up a locatioa Ijetweea the extremes I
of the country.
Captain Partridge possessed a mind of'
no ordinary stamp, and izw men have I
left a wider circle of friends to mourn j
their loss. At one period he lectured
extensively in our large cities upon mil- 1
itary affairs, and always with a clear- 1
ne.ss and comprehensiveness which com- i
jnanded the strictest attention. To the!
manners of a perfect gentleman were
united the air and divinity of the ac-
complished soldier. He has left a wid,
and two children.
Peabody, Mrs. Elizabeth, Salem, 28 Feb.,
ae. 87 ; wid. of the late Joseph P.
Peele, Mrs. Sarah, Salem, 20 Jan.. ae. 83
yrs. 3 mo3. 16 days : widow of the late
Jilr. Robert Peele. I
Perki.vs, Hon. Thomas Handasyd, Boston.!
llJan.,inhis90thyr.; oneofthe mostdis-|
linguished merchants of Boston for half
a century. He has, by his generous and !
liberal bequest, conferred inestimable!
blessings upon the Society which he has;
vastly elevated by an example worthy!
of imitation by all those whom wealth
may hereafier place in a similar posi- 1
tion. It is hoped that ne shall soonZel
awe to accompany the Register with a Por-
trait and M':moir of 3/r. Perkins, and''
there/ore defer any farther notice at this I
Pt7T.vAM, Mrs. Eunice, N. Danvers, 241
Dec, ae. 96 yrs. 5 mos. ; wid. of the late
Riddle, Mrs. Isabella, Co. of Carmont, 0..
18 Feb.,ae. 104 ; her maiden name was I
Caldwell; "she was born in 1750, and'
was one of the pioneer matrons of the.
West. Her first husband, Nathaniell
Templeton, was killed in the Indian!
wars, in Col. Crawford's fatal expedi-i
tion, and several years of her widowhood'
were passed with her children on an I
exposed frontier, where she was often I
compelled to seek in the block hou.<^e a
protection from the prowling savage."
[Newspaper of 23 Feb., lSo4.
Cant some of oar western friends tell us
WHERE this "."Matron of the West" was
born? Her parentage, ^r.l
RossiTER, Mr. Samuel, G. Barrington, 21
Jan., ae. 55.
RooD^Mrs.Lucretia.Canaan, Litchfield Co.,
Con., Dec 5, '853, in her95ih venr, after
an illness of five days ; relict of David
Rood. She was born in Middletov^-n, Ct..
13 Dec, 1758. Her parents. Samuel
and Lucreiia Stowe, with their'children,
removed to Canaan, in 176S. She per-
formed the journey, forty miles, on
horse back. She had ten children : six
sons and four daughters, vho were
brought up under the best nurture and
admonition. Blessed with the sight of
four generations of her descendants, she
left the world as the good may be ex-
pected to leave it â€” hoping for a letter.
Christian-like, she was pericctly re.>;ign-
ed at the approach of death ; for her it
had no terrors. Her faculties were in a
good degree retained until the last.
Her habits of industry and activity
were remarkable. She always helped
herself, even in her old age, when
younger ones were ready to run at her
bidding; a kind of sel^reliance which
imparted energy lo our forefather^, a
lack of which may effeminate their sons.
With few exceptions she always mada
her own bed until the time of' her last
illness; and she habitually sat at meals
with the family. Her hands were never
idle. Patient, she was never heard to
complain ; cheerful, no cloud settled
iipon her face ; sedate without auster-
ity ; mild with firmness â€” in short, a
most striking example of a matron of
the olden time. f. s. p.
Saip.MAX, :Mr. Nathaniel L., Norwich, 14
July, 1553. ae. 59 ; son of Dea. Nathaa-
el and Elizabeth (Leffingupll) Ship-
man, of the same place, and wts b. 17
jMaj", 1764, being one of six children.
On the maternal side he descended from
Lieut. Thom.Ts Leinnzwell. a native of
Croxhall, [Coggeshall .'] Eng., and one
of the earliest planters of Savbrook.
It was this Lieut. Leffingwell ^ho. in
the spring of 1646, with a few associates
renderer! such timely aid to L^ncas, v.hen
besieged by the Naragansetts, and re-
duced to the last extremity by famine.
He had the address, thou:;h at ;:'reat haz-
ard, to enter Pequot river in the night,
with a boat laden with provl.^ions from
Saybrook, and to deposit them in the
fort on Shantok Point, undi'-covered by
the enemy. He died about the year
1710. Judge Shipman was the sixth m
descent, and possessed at his decease
Marriages aiid Deaths.
ihe same silver-headed cane that hi?
veneraied ancestor brought \\Uh him
from his native place, in lf>37, bearing
the initials, T. L. He was held in high
e.-teem by his townsmen, for beside hav-
ing been for many years a judge of the
Cuurt of Common Pleas, and also of the
Probate Court, he was, smce 1S02, a
Kcpieseniative in the State Legislature
SiKES, Reuben. Esq., Rochester, N. Y., 23
Dec, ae. 71 ; his father was the late
Reuben Sikes, of Worcester.
Stick.ney, Mrs Elizabeth, Newbury, 7
Feb., m her 87th year ; wid. of the late
Temfle, Mr. AaroD, Coleraine, 11 Feb.,
Terry, Jlr. Ebenezer, Guilford, N. Y., 6
Jan , ae. 100 yrs. 4 mos. ; a native ol
Enfield, Ct. ; a revolutionary pensioner
Thaxtek, Mr. J. W., Waterio'wn, 1 JIar..
ae. 31 : H. C. 1S33 ; e!de>t son of Hon.
TouRo, Mr. Judah, New Orleans, 17 Jan.,
ae. â€” ; a merchant of great wealth.
He was born in Newport, R. L, and re-
sided for a lime in Boston. Plis father
was the Rev. Isaac Touro, who came to
Newport from Lisbon, and died in Ja-
maica, 8 Dec. 17SfJ, ae. 46. His wife
d. in Boston, 23 Sept. of the following
year, ae. 41. Judah left Boston in 1S03,
and established himself in New Orleans
as a merchant, out of which city he
scarcely ever after went, except to de-
fend it, under Gen. Jackson, in 1S16,
when he was wounded, from the effects
of which wound he never entirely re-
covered. He gave 10,000 dollars to-
wards the Bunker Hill Monument.
Tow.NE, Capt. Jesse, Saco, Me., 25 Dec,
"Walter, Jlrs. Ann, Boston, 12 Dec, ae.
SO; wid. of the late Lynde "W.
Watermax, Silas, Esq.,' Lebanon, N. H.,
11 Dec, ae.7'J; a descendant of Marsh-
field, Ms., and the youi-gest son of Silas
W. who came from Norwicii. Ct., to
Lebanon, N. H., in 17ro, among the
first settlers of that town. He ^^as b.
in L. 1774, grad. D. C. 17'.t2. studied
law and settled in Cambri<.'c;e. Vt.. then
in St. Albans ; but finally (Itl'.i) he re-
turned to Lebanon, and died in the same
house in which he was born. He
served in the war of 1S12, and was
wounded. t. w.
Wellesley, Marchioness of, Han^pton
Court Palace, Eng., 17 Dec. Slie was
dau. of the late Richard Caton, of Jlary-
land, and gr. dau. of Charles Carrfll, of
Carrollton, a signer of the Declaration
of Independence. Lady W's fir-t hus-
band was Robert Patlison, of Baluinore.
In 1S25 she married Lord Wpllesley,
eldest brother of the Duke of Welling-
ton. Her sister-in-law mar. Jerome
Bonaparte, and a son of hers, now re-
siding in Baltimore, is cousin to the pre-
sent Emperor of France.
Welli.ngto.v, Mr. Benjamin Oliver. Lex-
ington, Ms., 10 Nov., ae. 75. He was
born 23 Aug. 177S ; was son of I^Ir.
Benj. W. of the same town, and l.ved
and died on the farm which has been
occupied by the family for abcve 150
years. Mr. W. is the first th.v. begun
to supply Boston with milk daily. He
leaves a large family of sons and daugh-
Wellington, Miss Lucy, Boston. 6 Nov.,
ae. 63; dau. of Mr. Jona. W., late cl
Boston, but a native of Watertown.
WiLLARD, Jlrs. Mary, Ro.'cbur}', 13 Feb.,
ae, 82 ; formerly of Salem.
WHirfLE, Mrs. Harriet, Salem, 13 Jan.,
ae. 60; wife of Col. Henry Whipple,
the well known bookseller of that city.
Whittemore, Mr. Michael, W. Koxbury,
16 Feb., ae. 97.
York, Mrs. Abigail, Newburyport, 6
Jan., 97 yrs. 5 mos. ; formerly of Port-
Gentlemen elected members of the Society since the issue of the Jan. No. of the
Register: Rev. Alonzo B. Chapin, D. D., S. Glastonbury, Ct. ; Charles Atwood,
David A. Boynton. Oliver Carter, S. C. Simmons, Daniel N. Haskell, W. H.
Whitmore, Otis Tufts, Boston; John Read, Ipsrvich. England, Corresponding; Henry
White, y. Haven, Ct., Corr. ; Joshua Bates, Russell Sturgis, London, both Honorary ;
Lyman C. Draper. Madison. Wis., Con.; Thomas S. Pearson, Pgacnaffi, kf., Corr. ;
John W. Warren, Boston; Jonalhaa Tenney, Larcrence, all Resident, not otherwise
Do.NATio.vs to the Library of the Genealogical Society have been received from the
following sentlemen:â€” W. H. Sumner; J. S. Loring ; Geo. Adams; W. B. Trask ;
B H. Di.von; City ct Cambridge: T. V.'ard ; R. C. Winthrop ; H. W. Cn'-ma." -.
E.Wood-.vard; Jona. Pearson ; H.C.Clark; T.S.Pearson; N. W^tTian, Jr. ; Amer.
Historical Society ; C. B. Norton ; W. S. Pattee ; F. S. Pease ; S. A. Douglass ; E.
Everett, B. P. R'chardson.
Note,â€” omitted on p. ISI. John Strong did not remove directly from Dorchester
to Windsor. He re.sided at Hingham as early as 1635. In 163S he removed tc Taun-
lon, thence to Windsor.
200 , Payments for the Register, <^'c. [April. 1S54.
Payments for the Register for lS5-i have been received from â€”
Alton, III. â€” \V. Hayden. Adrian, Mich. â€” S. F. Spafford. Albanyâ€” E. E. Kend-
Bostonâ€” i. W. Thornton, A. Simonds, Eliz. Child, J. W. Warren, C. Atwood, John
Dean fur 5 copies, A. H. Quint. F. M. Bartlett, J. Palmer, N. Emer^on, T. Watprinan,
J. S. Lormg, H. Gassett, J. U. Kimball. N. Appleton, G. Bates, H. N. Perlons, O.
Tufts, E. Palmer. S.Wallcer. E. Nule, J. Child. BdcheTtonnâ€”^l.TlooWlWe. Btverbjâ€”
J. I. Baker. Baltimore â€” W. E. Mayhew. Brighton â€” F. A. Whitney. Buffalo â€”
Youn^ lien's Association, rernardstorcn â€” H.W.Cushman. Boxboro' â€” J. D. Farns-
Cambridgeâ€” E. Tuckerman, L. R. Paige, N. Cotton, J. L. Sibley. Cintonâ€”E.
Ames. Charhstonn â€” C. A. Ranleit. Chicago, III. â€” J. Wentworth. Columbus, 0. â€”
Dorchesterâ€”^-. E. Trask, R. Vose. Duzbvryâ€”J. F. Wadsworth. Danvrrs-S- P.
Fowler. Dedham â€” E. Wilkinson. A. Lamson. E. Windsor, Ct. â€” S. Bartlett. Exe-
ter, N. H.â€”L. W. Leonard. E. Rockport, O.â€”A. W. Bronti.
Framinghani â€” J. H. Temple. Farmington, Me. â€” W. Williams.
Georgetown â€” S. Nelson. Gloucester â€” J. Babson. Groton â€” J. Green, C. Buller.
Grovtland â€” A. Poor. G. Barrington â€” I. Sunaner.
Henniker, N. H. â€” N. Sanborn. Hilhboro, N. H. â€” L. W. Kimball.
Jamaica Plains â€” C. P. Curtis.
Little Compion, R. I. â€” 0. Wilbor. Louisville, Ey. â€” J. C. Hilton.
Medfordâ€”R. Withington, A. T. Wild. Min. Point, Wis.â€”C. Woodman.
Nerv Gloucester, Me.-S. Foxcroft. Nashua, JY. H â€” B. B. Whittemore. _V. Lon-
don, Ct.â€”R. Halium. N. Darnersâ€” 3. F. Perry. Newport. R. /.â€”Miss Gibbs, Red-
wood Library. Newton â€” W. Jackson. Northampton â€” E. Barnard, H. Bright. Nor-
tvich, Ct.â€”W. Williams.
Peacham, Vt.â€”T. S. Pearson. Portland, Meâ€”U. K. Hinklev. Providence, R. 1.
â€” S. Wolcott. Philadelphiaâ€”)!. Bond. Portsmouth, i\''. if.â€” J." Wendell, A. R. H.
Fernald, C. Burroughs, J. Dearborn.
Quincy â€” J. JIarsh, W. S. Pattee, E. Woodward.
Eoxburyâ€”J. Ritchie, L Parker. W. S. Leland. Rehobothâ€”B. Peck. S. Readingâ€”
L. Eaton. S'.ockbrids;?â€”!). D. Field.
Troy, N.Y.â€”A. J.'Skilton.
Woburn â€” N. Wvman, A. Richardson. W. Poultney, Vt. â€” H. Clark. Woodbury.
Ct.â€”?. JL Trowbridge. W. Brattleboro', Vt.â€”S. Clark. We^^tfeldâ€”E. Davis.
Worcesterâ€” E. Washburn, P. Crandall. W. Point, N. Y.â€”3. W. Bailey.
Zanesvillt, 0. â€” Athenasum.
Waicott.â€” Information about persons of (his same who came early to N. England is de-
sired by Mr. Edward Waicott, of Providence, R. 1.
KiLBOURS. â€” " The Kilbourn Historical and Genealogical Society'' held a meeting at Great
Barrington, on the 7di of September last. The gathering was large, and much iiileresl Â«as
manifested. An acconnt of the " Proceedings'' was published.
WATERTo^v5 Ge.sealogical History. â€” It has been long known that Dr. Henry Bond,
of Philadelphia, was engaged upon this work. We understand that above 600 pnges, octavo,
are already printed, and that the work will probably be published the present sea-,ou.
Old CoLo^^t Historical Society. â€” This may not be inappropriately con5ider.' - d TTie
Pilgrim Antiqcarias Society, and it ought to enlist all the desreiidaci^ of ilie Pil^^rims in
gathering up whatever may tend to elucidate iheir his'.ory and genealogy. V.'e hope U;e foun-
ders of this Society will set an example of industry in trie work, which their successor"; will be
proud of, and which, cot to imitate, will be a reproach. We personally know many of liic gen-
tlemen, whose names are a sure guaranty that something will be done.
H. G. Somerbt, Es<i., has returned to England, and will continue to devote hi? time to ge-
nealogical and historical investigations. Communications maybe addressed to him at >lor;ey's
Hotel, Trafalgar Square, London. Care of Mr. Henry Stevens.
The State Historical Society of Wisconsin has been formed under a rh.ui'^r, dated
March, 1853. It is located in Madison, Wis. Its oiiicers are Gen. W. R, Smith, President;
Lvman C. Draper, Cor. Secy.; Rev. Charles Lord. Rec. Sery. ; Dr. J. W. Hunt, Librarian;
Prof. O. M. Conover, Treasurer; Ex. Gov. L. J. Farwell, Hon. A Wright, Hon. Simeon .Mills,
Beriah Brown, S. H. Carpenter, Executive Committee.
Errata.â€” Vol. vii. p. 30.3, for Somerby, r. Sowerby. P. 325. '2d '', I. 6, r. 1737. P. 313,
/. 1, r. Sluice. Vol. viii, p. ^J9',for Capl. James, r. Capi. James Wiikinsoc Kingsbury,
â– iiii II
L â– JiAiia&iaaiJiM'iA .â– i^w.i^.-fc.it<Â»rj...t,^^- Wt^jA ^w'- &
HISTORICAL AXB GENEALOGICAL REGISTER.
VOL. VIII JULY, 1854. NO.
CAPT. JOSHUA EDDY.
[Communicated b}- ZACHEraAH Eddt, Esquire, of ^LdJleborough.]
Capt. Joshua Eddt, of the Army of the Revolatiou. v/as a
descendant of Rev. William Eddy, a non-couforming minister
of Cranbrook, county of Kent, England. The tradition is that
he had four sons, Samuel. William, John, and Benjamin, who
emigrated to America. We have no certain record of any of
them but Samuel and John. These tv.'o sailed from Boxted.
(England.) August 10. 1G30, and arrived at Plymouth, in No-
vember following, having been twelve weeks at sea. Governor
Winthrop says. " tht-y had sixty passengers, and lost but one,"
and one of the Eddys told him that 'â€¢ he had many letters in the
ship for me."' â€” Wint., 379.
Jolui sojourned over a year in Plymouth, and then concluded
to settle in IMassachnsetis. In February, 1631, he and three
others received a letter from Governor Bradford and his assistants,
(Standish, Aldcn. Fuller, and Prince.) to '-Governor Winthrop
and his v.-orshipful council,'' inforniing them of their desire to
"dwell and inhobit"' in their jurisdiction, and of their -readiness
to give them dismissions." See the whole letter and fac-similes
of their hand writmgs. Genealogical Register, ii. 240-244. He
''dwelt and resided" in Newton, was a freeman in 1G33, and had
numerous descendants, some of whom have ahvays lived in that
town. He wrote his name at one time, Eddie, at another time,
Eddye ; his descendants always wrote their name Eddy.
Samuel seems always to have spelt his name Eddy, although
ether people seem to have spelt the name and also his brother's
name in a great variety of ways, as Ede, Edy, Eady, Eadey.
Edio, but more generally Eddy. Probably Ecdy, as some spelt
it, v/as in accordance v/ith the pronunciation of the name at that
S'a/nuol v.'as the ancestor of the subject of this sketch, and he
settled at Plymouth with the Pilgrims, the last company of wliom
arrived tlie same year, (1G30.) He purchased a house and land
202 Capt. Joshua Eddy. [July,
of Experience Mitchell, (then spelt Midgehill,) May 9, 1631 ; his
name is on the list of freemen in 1633. the -whole list containing
but 90 names. In 163S, " 4 shares in the black heifer" were as-
signed to him. He was taxed there from 1632. till his death.
In 1636, 1641, and 1659, the town granted him lands ; and in
1662, he became one of the "26 men," who purchased of the
Sachem Wampatuck. the greatest part of the lands constituting
the present town of Middleborough, and the title was confirmed
to them in 1669, by the governor and assistants. His servant,
Thomas Brian, in 1633, "was brought before the governor and
assistants, for running away, (brought back by an Indian.) and
whipped before the governor." Col. Rec. In 1643, he is en-
rolled "among those who bore arms." He died in 16SS. ased
87 years, having resided with several of his sons, the latter part
of his life, at Middleborough, Swanzey, &;c. ; but in a deed made
near the time of his death, he speaks of his residence as being
The name of his wife was Elizabeth. "We find these entries
in the records: "1651. Elizabeth, wife of Samuel Eddy, ar-
raigned for wringing and hanging out her clothes on Lord's day :
fine 205. but remitted." " 1660. Elizabeth Eddy summoned for
travelling from Plymouth to Boston on Lord's day. She an-
swered that Mrs. Saffin was very weak, and sent for her, with an
earnest desire to see her in her weakness. The court thousht
they saw not a sufficient excuse, and saw cause to admonish
her, and so she was discharged." She died in 16S2, aged SI.
In 164", their son Zechariah, and in 1652, their son^ Caleb,
were apprenticed to John Brown of Rehoboth, a ship-builder,
and one of the assistants, and also one of the commissioners of
the colony. They had two other sons, John and Obadiah. The
indentures of apprenticeship of three of them are on record.
Second Ge.veration. John, the son of Samuel, lived in
Taunton, was a large landholder there, and had a numerous pos-
terity. Rev. Dr. Eddy of Newark, and Rev. Chauncy Eddy of
Lanesborough, are of this branch.
Zechariah settled in Swanzey, and is the ancestor of Judge
Eddy of Providence, and of very numerous families there oi that
Caleb was a deacon of the church in Swanzey, and lived there
to a great age ; he had two sons, Caleb and Samuel. Samuel is
the ancestor of many families in that region. Caleb settled in
Boston, and is ancestor of Caleb Eddy, Esq., now living in
Obadiah settled in Middleborough, and inherited the patrimo-
nial lands in that town. There were with him in that town,
twenty families in the time of " Philip's war," all of whom, had
their houses burnt, and fled to Plymouth; they returned and
rebuilt after the war. He died in 1722 or not long after, aged
15:,!.] Capt. Joshua Eddy. 203
between 70 and SO years. The writer knew a centenarian 60
years ago, wlio remembered liim, and described his person, fani-
ilv, and place of residence. lie- resided in that town until his
death. His children were John, Samuel, Jabez, Benjamin, Eliz-
abeth, Mary, Mercy. His wife's name was Bennett.
Third Generation. John, son of Obadiah, lived in Taun-
ton ; Jabez and Benjamin, in Middleborough ; Mercy married
Samuel Sampson ; Mary, Dr. Isaac Fuller ; Elizabeth, David
These sons all had numerous families, but generally were emi-
grants to other States, as !^ew York, New Jersey, and Yermont,
Samuel, the grandfather of Capt. Joshua, inherited a large por-
tion of the Middleborough lands, and resided on them during his
life. He was of a large, muscular frame, very strong and vigor-
ous, lived to the age of seventy-seven, and died in 1752. His
wife's name was Melatiah Pratt, a descendant of the Pilgdra
Phinehas Pratt, and lived to the age of ninety-two years. Their
children were Samuel, Zechariah, Bennett, Fear, and Maltiah.
Fourth Generation. Samuel, son of Samuel, married Lydia
Alden, sister of John Alden, the centenarian, and descendant of
the Pilgrim of that name. He was distinguished for sound sense
and discretion, and steady, well regulated piety. He died 3'oung,
leaving two sons, Samuel and Nathan, who are progenitors of nu-
merous families in New York and the Western States, many of
whom are ministers of the gospel. His widow lived to the age
of ninety-three years.
Zechariah inherited a large share of the Middleborough lands,
and lived on them till his death in 1777, aged 66. He married
Mercy Morton, a descendant of the Pilgrim George Morton.
They had twelve children, John, Mary, Ebenezer, Hannah,
Nathaniel, Mercy, Joshua, Zechariah, Seth, Thomas, Lucy,
Fifth Generation. John was in the French war, and died
at Crown Point, at the age of 24. He had married Hannah Pom-
roy, and left a daughter, who married a Washburn, and was
mother of the missionary of that name.
Seth, Thomas, and Samuel, all had numerous fam.ilies. and
were in the army of the Revolution, with their brother. Thomas
and Samuel settled in Yermont, and numerous families of their
descendants reside in that State and the State of New York.
Seth lived in Middleborough, and had also a numerous family.
Jn=HUA, son of Zecharicih. and subject of this notice, was a
vigorous agricultural laborer on the estate, turning his hand to
divers mechanical operations which were called for by the low
state of ihe arts one hundred years ago. When the difllculticS
witii the mother country comm.enced, his father and numerous
iarnily became earnest whigs, resisting the iniluence of his neigh-
204 Capt. Joshua Eddy. [J Lily,
bor, Judge Oliver, who repeatedly dissuaded him, and who said,
among other things, " Great Britain has the poire?', if not the
right, to tax America and compel the payment, and to subdue us
to her will, and if you continue a whig, you will see your chil-
dren hung upon the trees of your field, like young lambs in the
spring." The answer was " bojiafide, we will not submit." On
the first news from Lexington, their patriotism was put to the
test. "The youth, the flower of the country, rushed to the field
and saw the eye of the immortal Washington lighten along their
embattled ranks." It was said by Capt. Eddy, that it was
thought there were thirty thousand assembled when Washington
arrived : he was then but an ensign ; the year following he was
promoted to a lieutenancy. Early in 177T, orders came to enlist
men to join the 'â€¢' Northern Army," to resist the forces of Gen.
Burgoyne, destined for the invasion of New York from Canada.
He received a commission from the Continental Congress, to
enlist and command a company for that campaign, and speedily
enlisted eighty men in Middleboiough and two or three neigh-
boring towns, who were forthwith on their march.
His company was among the earliest of the New England
troops which arrived on the banks of the Hudson. He was in
the disastrous retreat from Ticonderoga, in which his company
suffered much ; and after the battle of Saratoga one half of them
were found to have been killed in battle, or had otherwise suf-
fered death. He used to give a very graphic account of that
battle and of the events preceding and succeeding it, and especially
of the high spirits of the soldiers on the capture of the British
troops, the surrender of Gen. Burgoyne. The Northern Army
received marching orders to join Gen. Washington in New Jer-
sey, which, after recruiting his company, he obeyed. His father
died December sixth, of that year, and Captain Eddy received a
furlough for the winter. About this time he married Lydia Pad-
dock, daughter of Zechariah Paddock of Middleborough, a de-
scendant of the Pilgrim Robert Paddock, and on the mother's
side, of Elder Faunce and Governor Bradford. He recruited his