by the State for the support of Public Schools.
Now that this Department is relieved of the
incubus of a heavy debt, a more substantial pro-
gress in educational matters may be looked for
during the present year. This progress will bo
considerably advanced by the State Norm
School, established recently in this city for f
professional education of teachers. From tl
source, we anticipate a home-made supply 0.
The children of our citizens have a rich inher-
itance in the valuable real estate owned by the
School Department.. If this property be kept
intact, a revenue maybe derived from the rental
of it which will- render the tax levied annually
for the support of Public Schools a matter of lit-
tle concern to our tax-payers. This estate con-
sists of seven 50-vara and two lOO-vara lots, be-
sides six other lots little less than 50-varas, all
of which are eligibly located on principal streets
of the city. In addition to these, there are
twenty -eight 50-varas located in various sections
of the Western Addition, Mission blocks and the
After indefatigable exertions made by the late
City Attorney and the then Superintendent of
Schools, a protracted law suit for the possession
of the most valuable portion of this property
SAN FRANCISCO DIRECTORY.
was decided, in November last, in favor of this
The amount expended on this property for
erection of school-houses and other improve-
ments, is nearly $200,000.
Number and Classification op Schools. â€”
One High School, six Grammar Schools, eleven
Primary Schools, one Evening School, one Nor-
mal School, one Teachers' Institute.
School Census. October, 1861.
:. V ae
No. Child'n bet.
18 and 21 years.
381 7 1847
Total number of blind, 15; deaf and damb,23; colored,
259; Chinese, 196; orphans, 285.
XCilBER ANT) AVERAGE ATTENDANCE OF SCHOLARS
NAME OF SCHOOL.
""uion Street School
json and Wash Street School.
ish Street School
neon, (V. and H. P.) School.
spring Valley School
â€¢â€¢ trket and Fifth Street School.
.itter Street School'
i'owell Street School.'
Hyde Street School
Greenwich Street School. ...,
Nativities of Children Attending PubUc Schools.
Maine 13i;Louisiana 188
New Hampshire. . 41Texas ' 26
"Vermont 20 Arkansas .' '. '. '. '.'..' 14
Mas.sachusetts 701 |Kentucky. ..!!!!' 33
Rhode Island 55;Tennessee.!! ."!" ' 12
Couneeticutt 30:Missouri. . . * " m
New York 1356lOhio *.'.".'.'.'. 84
New Jersey 65'Michigan ] 43
Pennsylvania 255 lUinois " 75
Delaware 7 Indiana '. 26
Mississippi. . . .
39 Minnesota 1
25:Dist. of Columbia. 12
South America. . . .
Central America . .
New Zealand 12
La Plata 1
Ladrone Island. . . 1
New Brunswick.. 17
British America.. 3
Cape Horn 3
At Sea 12
Ordinary Expenditures of School Departments for
Teachers' salaries $77,645 58
Janitors' salaries 3,615 00
School Marshals 500 00
Secretary 1,500 00
Carpenters 1,181 00
Repairs of school-houses 5,534 72
Lights 305 90
Water 319 00
Furniture and supplies 3,785 02
Printing and stationery.
Rents. . . .
Total $101,191 60
High School Mortgage 2,053 33
Sinking Fund for Redemption School
Bonds 12,500 00
Interest on Bonds 12,578 33
Buildings and Improvements 6,252 05
.Total expenditures $134,575 31
List of Teachers.
High School. â€” Comer Powell and Clay
streets. Mr. Ellis H. Holmes, Principal; Mr.
George W. Minns, Teacher of Natural Science ;
Mr. George D. Hanson, Mrs. L. A. Clapp.
Union Street School. â€” Union Street near
Montgomery. Thomas S. Myrick, Principal ;
Miss Ellen Casey, Miss. C. A. Kidder, Miss S.
M. Hunt, Miss Lizzie Kennedy (Principal Prima-
ry), Miss Abbie F. Aldrich, Miss Estelle M.
BuUene, Miss Hester Champlin, Miss Emily M.
Tibbey, Miss Annie E. Alton.
Mason and Washington Street Schools. â€”
James Stratton, Principal ; Miss D. S. Prescott,
Miss E. M. Tieboiit, Mrs. C. H. Stout, Miss
S. J. White, Miss Qeraldino Price, Miss A. B.
RiNcoN School. â€” Tassarand Hampton Places.
John Swctt, Principal ; Miss Helen Thompson,
Miss M. A. Casebolt, Miss A. S. Barnard, Miss
M. E. Stowell, Miss M. L. Morgan, Miss E. P.
Fcrnald, Miss E. M. Shaw, Mrs. J. H. Nevins,
Mrs. H. F. Packer, Miss Mary R. Warren,
Miss C. V. Benjamin (Principal Primary), Mrs.
M. S. P. Nichols, Miss A. M. Nutter, Miss E.
Emerson, Miss Lizzie Overend.
Bush Street School. â€” Corner Bush and
Stockton streets. -Theodore Bradley, Principal ;
Mrs. L. A. Morgan, Miss L. E. Field, Miss M. E.
White, Mrs. A. E. Du Bois, Miss M. E. Scotchler,
Mrs. S. A. D. Lansingh, Mrs. F. E. Reynolds,
Miss C. M. Hunt, Miss J. M. A. Hurley.
Market and Fifth Street. â€” F. A. Elliott,
Principal ; Miss L. Crocker, Miss Mary E. Very,
Miss C. L. Smith, Miss P. M. Stowell, Miss H.
E. Porter, Miss Alice Kenny, Miss A. M. Peacock.
Mission Dolores. â€” Mission Street, between
Fifteenth and Sixteenth. Thomas C. Leonard,
Principal; MissH. H. Heagan, Miss A. A. Rowe,
Miss Anna Hill.
Spring Valley School. â€” Presidio Road.
Geo. W. Bunnell, Principal ; Miss H. A. Haneke,
Miss Ellen E. Hastings.
Greenwich Street School. â€” Between Taylor
and Jones streets. Miss Kate Kennedy, Prin-
cipal ; Miss Margaret Keith, Miss Laura J. Mas-
tick, Miss C. M. Pattee.
Hyde Street. â€” Bush Street near Hyde.
Miss J. M. Lyon, Principal ; Miss L. A. Hum-
phreys, Miss E. R. Shaw, Miss J. H. Martin.
Third District School. â€” Montgomery Street
near Broadway. Miss Amanda S. Mosos, Miss
Annie W. Lawrence.
Hayes' Valley School. â€” Miss H. B. Gush-
Colored School. â€” Jackson Street near Powell.
J. B. Sanderson, Teacher.
Chinese School. â€” Corner Stockton and Sac-
ramento streets. B. Lanctot, Teacher.
Evening School. â€” Sutter Street near Kearny.
Geo. H. Peck, Principal; J. C. Pelton; F. K.
Mitchell, Teacher of Music; Hubert Burgess,
Teacher Writing and Drawing.
Friyate Educational InstitatioaB.
To a large portion of those among us whose
feelings ever are enlisted in the absorbing sub-
ject of Education, but whose attention has nat-
urally been mostly directed to the public schools,
a glance at the facilities for education among us,
other than those provided from that source, can-
not fail to be productive of surprise at their mag-
nitude and variety.
The patriot and statesman, whatever his creed,
must find abundant cause of gratulation in the
fact that in a city which has sprung into metro-
politan importance within a period less than the
primal age of individual humanity, under the
forcing influence of a devotion to wealth and fa-
cility for its acquisition never before known in
in the world's history, the population have yet
found time, and exhibited the liberality and self-
denial requisite to provide for the intellectual
wants of their immediate and remote posterity.
If the other communities on the Pacific make
any reasonable approach to the energy of their
great commercial emporium in this regard, the
future of the American population of the west-
ern slope of the continent can be safely prog-
nosticated, and freedom, in its true social and po-
litical acceptation, will be its heritage. As the
most important in point of numbers and re-
sources, we shall first direct attention to the
ST. IGNATIUS college.
This institution was incorporated in April,
1859, -under the laws of the State, with lull
power to confer academical degrees. The liberal
studies are pursued under the direction of ten
Professors, Fatiiers of the Society of Jesus. The
new and magnificent structure now being erected
fur the purposes of the CollejiO, is rapidly ap-
proaching completion, and will be one of tlie
most attractive features of our growing city.
The ordinary attendance is about 2^0 pupils.
Location, Market Street, between Fourtli and
The Rev. A. Maraschi (S. J.,) who resides at
this College, is the general agent for the Santa
Clara College, San Jose, one of the oldest and
most efficient institutions in the State. (See ad-
vertisement, page ix.)
The above are under the direction of the Fa-
thers of the Society of Jesus.
ST. Mary's college.
This institution is situated near the county
road to San Jos6, at a distance of four miles and
a half from this city. The lot on which the
building is erected consists of 60 acres ; it pos-
sesses all the advantages of a salubrious situa-
tion, and commands an extensive view of the
Bay and surrounding scenery. The College
building covers a space of 280 feet front by depth
of 50 feet, which, in the center, is increased to
a depth of 70 feet; 110 feet of the building will
be three stories high, and the remaining portion
SAN FRANCISCO DI
four f5tories high. On the northern extremity of
the main edifice is situated the refectory, which
is 40 by 80 feet, and two stories in hight. On
the southern extremity is the chapel, 40 by 130
feet. By this arrangement the greatest advan-
tage is secured for all healthful purposes, as the
sun shines during the day on the three principal
fronts of the building, and the narrow ends be-
ing north and south, during the rainy season the
smallest surface is exposed to the inclemency of
the weather. Thus the structures form three
sides of a quadrangle, and on the eastern front
there is a cloister 13 feet 6 inches wide, whicii
extends the entire length of the building, so
that under any circumstances and at all periods
of the year the students can have out-door exer-
cise. The basement will contain the ofiBces of
the steward, and all apartments in connection
with them; the housekeepers' rooms, servants'
rooms, general store rooms, bath rooms, and clos-
ets for various purposes.
The chief entrances to the QoUege are in the
principal story. These consist of an entrance in
the center through a spacious porch, and two
side entrances. The center one leads to a hall
IS feet wide by 30 feet long, on either side of
which are the reception rooms. This hall term-
inates in a corridor which leads to the three chief
staircases and the different apartments in this
story, namely: Lavatories, Professors' rooms.
Recreation hall, and Library ; on the eastern
side of this stor^v are the various entrances to
the cloister. The second story consists bf school
rooms, class rooms, music rooms, apartments for
natural philosophy and museum. The third story
consists of dormitories, bed rooms, bath rooms,
and an apartment which will answer as a tem-
porary infirmary. The first story of the refectory
building consists of lavatory, refectory, and lunch
rooms; the second stor}'^ is a dormitory. There
are three entrances to the chapel, â€” one through
the western porch which faces the altar, another
through the tower which is situated on the south
side, and one on the north side.
The sanctuary is in the east end of the chapel,
adjoining to,which are sacristies, and organ gal-
lery. The top of the spire is to be 130 feet
above the surface of the ground, and the south
gable of the College building 86 feet high. The
building will be supplied with gas and water
throughout its entire extent. All sewerage and
drainage is on the outside. The kitchen, bake-
house, and laundry are disconnected with the
main buildings ; every thing has been studied in
order to promote the health of the students and
give them all accommodation. The portion now
in course of erection will accommodate 300 stu-
dents. The entire building, when completed,
will accommodate 700 or 800. The building is
designed in the Gothic style of architecture, and
in its completeness of outline as well as the
faultless elaboration of details, reflects the great-
est credit on the professional skill and taste of
its architect, Mr. Thomas England. The pen-
sion will be exceedingly moderate, not exceeding
$150 or SlGO a year for board and tuition, thus
placing its advantages within the means of all ;
considering the great want of educational facili-
! ties in
f the State, it must be evi-
ution will be a great public
nity at large, as children of
[1 be admitted.
.kxHY :. art's school.
This scnooi is for boys, and meets in the base-
ment of Saint Mary's Cathedral, and is con-
ducted by Father Harrington, aided by six other
teachers and a number of monitors, who receive
compensation. The number of pupils connected
with this school is 560, and the average attend-
A thorough English course is taught here,
together with mathematics, the French and
Spanish languages. Classical studies may like-
wise be pursued with peculiar advantage, if so
desired. There is a nominal charge of one dol-
lar per month for each primary scholar, and of
fifty cents additional for the higher branches, to
those attending the school, but it is not exacted
except in cases where ability and willingness
unite in making the payment. As this is a reg-
ulation common to the Catholic schooli=, male
and female, in the city, it will not be necessary
to repeat it in referring to the others.
SCHOOL OF SAINT rRANCIS.
This is also a male school, conducted in the
basement of the Church of St. Francis, on Val-
lejo Street. The number of pupils is 260, with
an average attendance of 170. The course of
studies is the same as in St. Mary's School.
SCHOOL OF THE SISTERS OF PRESEKTATION.
This is a large female school conducted by
the Rev. Mother Superior and fifteen Sisters of
Presentation, at the Convent on Powell Street.
The number of pupils belonging to the school is
520, and the average attendance 350. The
studies embrace a full English course, vocal and
instrumental music. French and embroidery.
An examination recently concluded elicited high
commendation for the Sisterhood as teachers,
won by the intelligence displayed by the little
ones under their charge. The pile of buildings
devoted to this purpose constitute a feature in
the northern part of the city, from the extent of
ground occupied on a prominent avenue. The
cost of these buildings was over $50,000, of
which about $25,000 was recently expended in
tlie construction of the north half, and of which
sum a large portion is still unpaid and is an in-
cumbrance, which the liberality of our citizens
will not suffer long to hang over so useful an
SCHOOL OF THE SLATERS OF CHARITY.
This is a female day school on Jessie Street,
under the direction of Sister Frances McEnnis
and ten other Sisters of Charity, who are also
in charge of the Roman Catholic Female Orphan
Asylum on Market Street. The number of schol-
ars belonging to the school is over five hundred,
exclusive of two hundred and fifty orphan chil-
dren in the Asylum. The course of studies is
the same as in the school last mentioned, and
the noble ladies who conduct it have established
a high reputation for ability and devotion to their
8elf-iinpo<Â«ed duties. As this school is supported
by voluntary contributions, it appeals directly
to the liberality of the gei.erous and charitable
in our midst.
In addition to the foregoing, the Sisters of
Mercy have also a female school under their
charge for children thrown upon their care, at
which instruction in primary EngHsh studies is
imparted, and the pupils are taught to be useful
in the discharge of houseliold duties. The only
recnaining Catholic institution of learning to be
SAINT THOMAS' SEMINARY.
This Seminary is for the pursuit of clerical
studies, and was commenced at its present place
(Mission Dolores) in 1854, although prior to that
time a few students pursued their ecclesiastical
8tu(iies at the residence of the Archbishop. The
numl)cr of students is now fourteen, and seven
have been ordained who were educated at the
OTHER CITY COLLEGES AND SCHOOLS.
YOUNG ladies' SEMINARY.
Rev. Peter S. Williamson and lady conduct a
school at 629 California Street, commenced by
them nine years ago at the same place. There
is an average attendance of about 40 pupils
who, in addition to the English branches, are
taught French and music.
CALIFORNIA COLLEGIATE INSTITUTE.
This is the name of an admirably arranged and
conducted female school, of which, Mrs. M. B.
Swedenstierna, is Principal, assisted by Mrs.
Goodridge and three other ladies, with music
and dancing masters, and instructions in lan-
guages. The average number of pupils is G3, of
whom nearly one half are boarding scholars.
The course of instruction is very complete, and
gi'mnastic and calisthenic exercises are not
omited. The location is on Silver Street, near
Third, and the building large, pleasant, and well
adapted to the purpose for which it is used.
Tliis institution is located at 503 Dupont
Street, and is under the direction of Rev. R. T.
Huddart. There are about G5 pupils in attend-
ance, a number of whom are from Mexico. The
system of school government adopted here is
most adinirable, and its efficiency is fully exem-
plified in the discipline and progress of the
CITY FEMALE SEMINARY.
This is a well conducted school in which from
forty to fifty young girls are enjoying the advan-
tages of a thorough course of instruction by the
Rev. Charles R. Clarke, and a sufficient corps of
assistants. The school room is in the basement
of Calvary Church, which has been properly ar-
ranged for the purpose and where it will perma-
The Rev. Doctor Burrowes, the President of
this college, commenced his educational labors
in this city in November, 1859, in the basement
of Calvary Churcii. with 4 pupils, the germ of
the present firmly establi!<hed and succc.si'ful in-
stitution, which now numberc l'2't students.
The present location of the college is on a filly-
vara lot at the southeast corner of Geary and
Stockton streets, upon which two buildings have
been erected; one combining all the reqtiisito
auxilaries used for purposes of general instruc-
tion, and the other as a chapel. The faculty
embraces six professorships, in addition to a pro-
vision for elementary instruction for young scliol-
ars. The City College is destined to lake high
rank among the educational establishments of
There exist two schools for religious instruc-
tion for Hebrew children in this city.
THE IIEPIIISI-BAII SCHOOL.
At the school-house on Sutter, second house
from Stockton Street, (formerly the German
Lutheran Church, (under the management of Dr.
Julius Eckman, was opened July 26, 1854. At
this .school, children are taught the Flebrew, and
the principles of the Hebrew Faith. It is sup-
ported by parents and voluntary subscriptions.
Children of the needy receive in.structions and
books gratis. The Hephtsi-bah School has its '
regular Sabbath and Holy-day services with a
prayer-book in English and some portions in He-
brew, prepared for the special use of this school,
the only publication of this kind known for He-
brew children. The school also has published a
Hebrew and English vocabulary for the Hebrew
prayers. See advertisment Harmonia School,
THE EMANUEL RELIGIOUS SCHOOL,
Under the management of Rev. Dr. Elkan
Kohn, teaches the Hebrew and the principles of
the Hebrew faith. It is supported by the Syna-
gogue Emanuel. The average numlier of ohildren
attending each of these schools is about one
hundred and twenty. Both teach children of
the poorer classes gratis.
The number of Hebrews of San Francisco can
only be approximately stated. Probably they
number from 5,000 to 8,000 souls.
To judge from the great increase of pupils of
the religious schools they must have increased
considerably since late j'ears. The number of
children attending religious instruction in 1854,
was from forty to fifty, while the two schools
now count about two hundred and fitly children,
besides a number that receive private instruction
or none at all.
THE INDUSTRIAL SCHOOL.
This is a public institution of a correctional
and reformatory character, (or youthful offenders
and refractory cl.ildren. It is supported by a
monthly stipend o( Â§1.000, from the City, and
annual contributions of gentlemen who form the
" Department." There are about thiity children
in the school, principally boy,s, and their schol-
astic instruction is intrusted to a teacher appoin-
ted by the Board of Education.
SAN FRANCISCO DIRECTORY.
Tlio Ibregoiug embraces the most of the schools
now in operatiou in the city, but there are a
number of others prmcipally devoted to primary
studies which we have been unable to visit, and
â€¢which in the aggregate att'ord elementary instruc-
tion to several hundred children, male and female.
The aggregate thus exhibited we think lully
sustaius the proposition that education is of car-
dinal consideration in our good city of San Fran-
UNIVERSITY OP THE PACIFIC.
Medical Department. â€” Faculty : A. J. Bowie,
M. D., Professor of Pathology and tlie Principles
and Practice of Medicine; Isaac Rowell, M. D.,
Professor of Chemistry ; R. Beverly Cole, M. D.,
Professor of Obstetrics and Diseases of Women
and Children; E. S. Cooper, M. D., Professor of
Anatomy and Surgery; L. C. Lane, M. D., Pro-
fessor of Pliysiology; Henry Gibbons, M. D.,
Professor of Materia Medica ; Hon. Geo. J3arstow,
Protessor of Medical Jurisprudence. Number of
Location of the department, north side Mission
Street, between Second and Third.
Societiesâ€” Religious, Benevolent and Protective'
Our Appendix contains a full list of charitable
associations and organizations established for
the benefit and improvement of every class of
humanity requiring aid and encouragement.
Copious explanations and historical observations,
in the Appendix, give the desired information
concerning each of these societies separatÂ«ly,
and leave but little to be said in this place, ex-
cept of a general nature. It is, however, meet
and pleasing to note the continued and regular
increase in the number and importance of these
indices of modern christian civilization in our
midst. In the earliest phase of its American
occupancy, steps were taken in San Francisco,
by planting schools and by incipient organizations
of a charitable character, to vindicate our right
to the name of a civilized and christian people,
and, in the tremendous whirl of the first gold ex-
citement, if organization was necessarily for the
time destroyed or suppressed, the land teemed
with instances of individual charity, and of local
and temporary combinations to aid the needy,
which have had no parallel in number and extent