Henry Travers Hart.

The family history of Hart of Donegal online

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THE



FAMILY HISTORY



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HART OF DONEGAL.



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THE



FAMILY HISTORY



OP



HART OF DONEGAL.



BY

HENRY TR AVERS HART.



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LONDON :
MITCHELL HUGHES & CLARKE, 140 WABDOUR STREET.

1907.

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PREFACE.



" Time hath eaten out the letters^ and the dust
makes a 2)arenthesis betwLrt evert/ syllable.''^

/^WING to the increase and dispersion of the various
^-^ branches of the family, I have thought it would be
interesting to its members that some records should be
gathered together. Tor manuscript collections there is too
often little permanence ; and, as many valuable records have
been lost owing to the owners not realizing the importance
of print, I have decided to place these researches in more
permanent form. This work is the result of some fourteen
years of intermittent note-taking, and is meant to be merely
a groundwork which various individuals, according to their
inclination, may enlarge.

There is no point in the Pedigree that cannot be authen-
ticated ; and, as far as possible, all references have been given.
Where dates are unknown they have been omitted. The
records of the early days of the family have proved elusive,
and I hoped to have ascertained more facts (than has been
the case) about the family during the period preceding its
habitation in Ireland ; but, unfortunately, opportimities and
time have been lacking.

I am indebted to Evelyn Fairbrother for her very
careful researches in London and Dublin, which have proved
much, and also to Henry Chichester Hart, who has lent me
many useful books with regard to the family.

The history of each generation is given separately, and
by a reference to the Key Pedigree the relationship between
any two individuals can easily be ascertained.



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VI



HAET OF DONEGAL.



With regard to the arrangement of Chapters IV., V.,
and VI., the family of each member shewn on the Key
Pedigree is given in full on the pages imder each name.
In the detailed record of each generation, the letters (a), (fe),
etc., refer to references giving authorities for dates, and
the numbers (1), (2), etc., to subsequent paragraphs giving
biographical information concerning the member.

Owing to the large number of Harts or Hartes associated
with Ireland, it has been thought advisable to devote a
chapter to various individuals whose exact relationship with
the family has not been proved. These are so numerous
that it has been found impossible to enter into a research
embracing them all, and there are many omissions of names
in Chapter IX.

It is most probable that there are several Harts in
existence who belong to junior branches of the family, and
of whom a record has never been kept.

No genealogy can ever be complete, nor can biographies
be fully written, but I trust that these records of twelve
generations will be of use and interest to my kinsmen.

The following copies have been distributed and numbered
as follows : —



No. of Copy.


Guarantor.


For whom intended.


1


H. T. Haet.


British Musefm.


2


W. E. Hart.




3


55




4


??


1


5


55


1


6


55


1


7


H. G. Haet.


1


8


55




9


E. C. Hakt.


E. C. Haet.


10


a. H. R. Habt.


Q. H. E. Haet.


11


55


E. M. Bonus.


12


55


H. P. Haet.


13


^1


D. P. Haet.


14


55


M. V. DUNLOP,



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PREFACE.


Ko. of Copy.


Guarantor.


For whom intended


15


C. I. Haet.


C. I. Haet.


16


M. C. E. Habt.




17


a. V. Haet.


a. V. Haet.


18





H. C. Haet.


19


H. C. Haet.




20


E. Eaven-Haet.


E. Raven-Haet.


21


E. K. Deummond.




22


»




23


A. F. Beett.


A. F. Beett.


24


J. F. Haet.




25


»j




26


H. T. Haet.


H. T. Haet.


27


»»


E. Faiebeothee.


28


H. T. Haet and
E. Faiebeothee.


Sib R. C. Haet.


29


E. C. Haete.


E. C. Haete.


3U


J. Bonus.


J. Bonus.


31


H. Gr. Haet.




33


C. Haet.




34


Gt. C. Haet.




35


»»




36


»5




37


E. Faiebeothee.


National Librabt,


38







vu



40

The book has blank pages inserted to enable the owner
of each volume to add, according to his or her will, any
notes and memoranda that may be of personal interest.



H. t. h.



Plymouth,

March 1907.



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CONTENTS.

♦■

PAOB8

Pbepace V — ^vii

Chapter I. — The Early History of the Family . . 1 — 6

Chaptee II. — The Arms and Crest of the Family 7 — 10

Chapter III.— Description of the Family Estates . 11 — 21

Chapter IV. — Main Stem and Earlier Pedigree of

Family by Generations, with short Biographies . 22 — 46

Chapter V. — Eldest Branch of the Family by G-enera-

tions, with Biographies 47 — 61

Chapter VI. — Second Branch of the Family by Genera-
tions, with Biographies 62 — 73

Chapter VII. — Short Histories and Pedigrees of Families

connected by Marriage with the Hart Family . 74 — 97

Chapter VIII. — Appendix, containing Wills, Docu-
ments, and sundry Notes 98 — 146

Chapter IX. — Irish Harts not proved to be related to

the Family . 147—154

Index 155—158



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THE KEW YORK

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P George Vaughan Hart:
(p. 54).



T William Hart=:Bessie
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THE

FAMILY HISTORY OF HART
or DONEGAL.

CHAPTER I.

Cftf (0arlp ^isitorp of tbe jTamilp.

The history of the family may be said to date from the
fifteenth century. Although O'Hart* has suggested that
the family was originally Irish, and arrived in England from
Ireland when Henry II. invaded that country, a.d. 1172, yet
verification of this statement is lacking.

In the fifteenth century the family seems to have been
settled in the West of England; and, according to the
authority of the Heralds' College, Thomas Harte (A), who
married Alice Eustace, was born in Devonshire. He is
described as ^^ gent." in opposition to '^yeoman " ; the diflfer-
ence being that a ^' gentleman " was one who had land but
never tilled it with his own hand, whereas a "yeoman " cul-
tivated his own property through want of means to employ
labourers. Both gentlemen and yeomen were of gentle birth,
and there seemed to be only a slight distinction between
them. There were many Harts in the West Country ; how-
ever, up to date, the links connecting them with our family
have not been found.

John Harte (C), who married Bridget Ashfield, was at
one time resident at Risby, a small hamlet about three miles
from Bury St. Edmunds. With the exception of the Manor
and the Rectory, all the houses (as far as could be ascer-
tained) were farms, and of a superior type. The quaint, old

* O'Harfs " Irish pedigrees," ?.nd Edition, p. 190.



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2 THE FAMILY HISTORY OF

Chiirch, with its circular bell-tower, dates from the com-
mencement of the fifteenth century. The Harts did not
live in the Manor (which at that time was occupied by a
titled family), and it would be a fair presumption to state
that if John Hart was not a clergyman he lived in one of
the farms of the hamlet. Fortunately a few scraps, rapidly
crumbling to dust, of the old parish registers were still in
existence, and the entries with regard to some of the
members of the family were still decipherable in December
1904.* Thanks to the foresight of the Eector (Rev. E.
Symonds), these had been carefully preserved and the
original entries copied.

Sir Eustace Habte (D), the eldest son of John (C),
seems to have lived in London, and died there. The Church
of St. Benet's, Paul's Wharf, was destroyed by the great
fire of London, so that it has been impossible to obtain any
information from this source.

Sir Eustace's half-brother, Henry (E), came from Risby,
Kent, or Berkshire, to Donegal. It is a noteworthy fact
that he married a Miss Bosvile of Eynsford, Kent — a place
quite close to the seat of the Harts of Lullingstone Castle,
a family now represented by the Hart-Dykes. A manuscript
at Kilderry states that he came from Berkshire Mrith 100 men,
and he may possibly have been quartered in that county.

The Rev. George Hill states : ^^ This well-known under-
taker belonged to a Roman Catholic family in London, but
he appears to have changed his creed on entering the English
service in Ireland."t When written to by H. C. Hart (X) in
1888, he states that he does not remember in what paper
this is mentioned, but that he was certain it was recorded in
some State Paper of the reign of James I. He gives the
same origin to the family as O'Hart, and says that Henry
Harte " it is supposed came from the Hartes of St. Dunstan
in the West of London, who had also a country residence at
Ware in Hertfordshire, where they are likely to have settled
originally on going into Ireland."J



* See Chapter VIII. f " Plantation of THster/' p. 325, note,

I Private Letter, d^ted 18 May 1888.



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HART OF DONEGAL. 3

Henry Hart seems to have come over to Ireland purely
as a soldier in the service of Queen Elizabeth and Kin*?
James I. It was not till the plantation of Ulster, in 1611,
that it may be stated that he became a settler or " under-
taker." This was the name given to the first settlers,
because they undertook to plant a certain number of men
on estates given them and to carry out certain conditions.
The whole plantation seems to have been a game of " grab,"
and it is no wonder that the Irish rose in revolt. Bands of
men submitted their names to the King for his consideration.
One band consisted of 40 men, amongst whom an individual
— Richard Hart of Coutness in co. Suffolk — applied for land
in Fermanagh. Eor many years there seemed to be bickering
and strife amongst the undertakers themselves. Hill's '^ Plan-
tation of Ulster" is sorry reading for the descendants of
some of these original settlers.

It would be as well at this point to review the conditions
under which our ancestor, who first settled in Ireland, lived.
At the close of the sixteenth century Ulster was the strong-
hold of the Irish Celts; the power of the chieftains was
unbroken, although a few settlements of Englishmen without
the ^^ pale " were in existence. The two premier chiefs were
Hugh Roe O'Donnel and the Earl of Tyrone, and they were
the leaders of the insurrection which disturbed the latter end
of Queen Elizabeth's reign.

The year 1595 closed with an armistice between the
Crown and these chiefs, but in 1597 Ulster was again in
rebellion, until in 1602 Hugh Roe O'Donnel was assassin-
ated.* In 1607 the flight of the Earls brought a certain
amount of peace. The Brehon laws about this time were
abolished, tanistry ceased to have force, and English cus-
toms and laws were introduced. The Irish ^^Kem" no
longer remained such an absolute savage as described by
Fynes Morrisonf and Edmimd Spenser. J It was about this
time that Captain Henry Hart settled in Ireland.

Sir Cahir O'Doherty was the next individual to disturb

* Froude. f Fynes Morrison's " History of Ireland."

I Edmund Spenser's " View of the stat>e of Ireland,"

3 2



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4 THE FAMILY HISTOET OF

the peace. The O'Dohertys were Lords of Laishowen, the
most northern barony of Ireland, and in which the estate of
Ardmaline, now held by our family, is situated. Sir Cahir
himself lived at Elagh Castle, which is about three miles to
the north of Derry, and now lies in ruins. His family was
an ancient race, subject to the O'Donnels or the O'Neills
by force of power, but their lineage was as old as that of
either.

It seems that Sir George Paulet, the Governor of Derry,
had incensed O'Doherty by striking him during an argu-
ment;* in consequence, at the instance of Niall Garve
O'Donel, he took Culmore from Captain Henry Hart, and
then captured Londonderry itself.

The Fort of Culmore, grantedf to Henry Hart, was
constructed by Sir Henr}- Docwra, who, with a force of
4000 men, was sent to Lough Foyle by Mountjoy to repel
invasion and revolt by the Scots combining with O'Neill and
O'Donnel. It stands on the left bank of the River Foyle,
about four miles to the north of Derry, and was in the
territory of the Earl of Tyrone. A part of the fort — a square
tower — may still be seen on the shore, and is inhabited by a
ferryman. Parts of the castle also can be traced in the
surrounding ground, where a village now exists. In the
project of the Plantation of Ulster the Commissioners repre-
sented that Culmore, with 300 acres, could not be allotted
to undertakers ; in fact, the fort had been in possession of
the Crown from 1556, as appears from a grant made in that
year to Richard Bethell. The fishings of salmon, herring,
and ling were claimed by the Bishop of Derry. J When
Captain Pynnar in his survey made his report, the castle
was in the hands of Captain John Baker. The garrison was
discontinued after the revolution, but the post of Governor
was conferred as a reward for distinguished service, carrying
with it an annuity of £200, paid by the Irish Society. In

* " Annals of the Four Masters/* and " The Broken Sword of Ulster/' by
R. Cuninghame.

t See Chapter VIII.

X Hiirs "Plantation of Ulster," p. 104, and "Memoirs of Templemor^
f arish," p. 237,



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HAET OP DONEGAL. 5

1825 the lands connected with Culmore included some
440 acres, and brought in a rental of about £600.*

Several accounts exist with regard to the capture of
Culmore Fort and differ in details, but it is in those details
that one must look to exonerate our ancestor from what, at
first, appears an act of cowardice. The account given under
his generation is the official, and therefore most accurate
one. His acquittalf was the result of an interview, on
4 May 1608, With Sir Arthur Chichester.

O'Doherty was finally defeated and slain on 5 July
1608.

Till 1630 many of the Irish betook themselves to the
woods and led a lawless life, issuing from their strongholds
only to spoil the planters' goods or levy tribute for exemp-
tion from spoliation. At the Plantation of Ulster some three
and three-quarter million acres, confiscated from the Irish
chiefs, were divided up into lots in estates of 1000, 1500,
and 2000 acres. Bogs and fens, woods and fields, wasted
during the conflicts, were thrown in as appendages to the
estates on which they bordered. A grantee of 2000 acres
was required to erect a stone and lime castle, and to enclose
a yard, called a '^ bawn," with high walls suitable for defence,
and to plant on the estate, within three years, 48 able men or
20 farmers of British birth. A grantee of 1500 acres was
required to build a house of stone and lime and to construct
a bawn, and he who received 1000 acres to provide himself
with a bawn. It was obligatory on all grantees to plant
British settlers in proportion to their estates. The rent
charged to English and Scottish undertakers may be stated
to have been £5 6s. Sd. sterling for every 1000 acres, £8 for
1500 acres, and £10 13s. 4d. for 2000 acres.

The grant of Culmore Tort did not include the 1000 acres
as mentioned by Pynnar, since in the acquittal Chichester
refused to re-assign this portion of the estate to Henry
Hart.t

It is probably due to the state of the times that more
details with regard to the history of the family during the

* Hill's " Plantation of Ulster," p. 575. f See Chapter VIII.



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6 THE FAMILY HISTORY OF

succeeding two generations is lacking. The foster-brother
of Sir Cahir O'Dogherty burnt the whole of the library and
papers in Derry after taking them to Culmore,* and again
in 1688, during the great siege, the whole country was over-
run with troops. Record has been left of the fact that one
of the children was lost during this siege, and was never
afterwards heard of.f From the time of Henry (H), who
married Anne Beresford, to the present date, the family has
resided at Muff without intermission. Marriages in those
times seem to have been contracted Mrith members of families
living round Londonderry, and most of these families were
in the same position as the Harts, viz., settlers or under-
takers. The Doe estates were added to the family estate
with the marriage of George (K), who married Mariana
Vaughan. This estate was disposed of after General G. V.
Hart's (N) death to Mr. Stuart of Ards, about 1864, by
George Hart (P), chiefly on account of litigation and to
pay charges. J

The present Donegal property, in possession of the senior
branch, consists of (1) Ardmaline, near Malin Head; (2)
Ballynagarde, about three miles out of Derry on the east side
of the road ; and (3) Muff, in which Kilderry is situated and
contiguous to Culmore. A description is given of these in
Chapter III. Glenalla and Carroblagh in Donegal became
a Hart property later, and is held by the junior branch.

From "Landowners in Ireland," 1876, we find the fol-
lowing extracts under Ulster : —

G. V. Hart, Kilderry, 434a. 2r. 8p., valuation £539 10s., Lon-
donderry (viz., Ballynagarde).

Go. Donegal.

Thos. Barnard Hart, Glenalla, 1599a. 17p., valuation £307 10s.
G. V. Hart, Kilderry, Muff, 6598a. 3r. 7p., valuation £2306 5s.



* Montgomery MSS., p. 21. t See p. 38. J See p. 15.



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HAET OF DONEGAL. 7

CHAPTER II.

Cftf airmsi aiilr Crrtt of tfte jTamilp.

Coats op Arms came rapidly into use in the thirteenth
century, and were not at first strictly hereditary. The
crusades, by bringing together soldiers of different nations,
tended to produce a certain assimilation in their heraldries,
and the diversion of the tournament did even more than actual
war to promote the glories of heraldry. A grant of arms at
the hand of a Sovereign had great value, and we find that
among the more solid bribes which Louis XL bestowed upon
the courtiers of Edward IV. (1461 — 1483) occurs a grant of
three fleurs-de-lys to a knight of the Croker family. As arms
became hereditary and their use ceased to be confined to the
battlefield, but was largely extended to seals, ornaments, etc.,
it was natural that some notice should be taken of the arms
of females, and that the wife's coat should be combined in
some way with that of her husband, especially when she was
the last of and represented a family. This was first managed
by giving the wife a separate shield, later by including (by
quartering or otherwise) them in the husband's shield.

One method of doing this is shewn in Sir Eustace Hart's
arms, in which the Eustace arms are shewn, and his wife's
(Evelyn) impaled; the saltire with martlets shewing the
marriage of Thomas Hart with Aline Eustace.

When the Heralds' College came into existence it became
the duty of the new incorporation to take note of all existing
arms, to allow none without authority, and to collect and
combine the rules of blazoning into a system. To effect this
supervision commissions of visitation were issued, and various
visitations took place from Henry VIIL (1528-9) to early in
the reign of James II.

The object of an armorial bearing having been to dis-
tinguish one iron-sheathed warrior from another, it was
necessary to provide bearings for the members of a family
all entitled to take the paternal coat. This was managed by
the introduction of a diflFerence (French, brisure)^ usually
some slight but well-marked alteration. It was carried out



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8 THE FAMILY HISTORY OP

by sometimes converting the tinctures, sometimes by chang-
ing an ordinary or smaller charge, as a bend for a fess, or
a crosslet for a martlet. Where an heiress had been married,
a part of her coat was often introduced, the object being
to shew the connection to the head of the house with a
sufficient difference.

Hart arms, similar and somewhat similar to ours, have
been attributed to Harts in the British Isles, and a few
examples may here be quoted : —

Hart, Yarnacombe, Devon : Gules, a bend between three
fleurs-de-lys, two and one. Argent. (Burke's " Heraldry,"
1842.)

Sir John Hart, Lord Mayor, d. 1590 : Gules, a chevron
between three fleurs-de-lys, two and one, Argent. (Harl.
1487, 432.)

Hart of Exeter: Gules, a bend between three fleurs-de-lys,
two and one. Argent. (Harl. 1538, fo. 10.)

Hart of Cornwall : Gules, a bend between three fleurs-de-
lys, one and two. Argent. (Harl. 1079.)

Richard Hart, Arminger : Gules, a bend between three
fleurs-de-lys, one and two. Or. (Hawker's " Index," p. 4.)

Hart, Chester Herald (d. 16 July 1572) : Gules, a fesse be-
tween three fleurs-de-lys argent. (Burke's " Heraldry," 1844.)

Hart (Scotland) : Gules, a bend between three fleurs-de-
lys argent. (Burke's " Heraldry," 1844.)

Hart (Pun. ent. of Mrs. Rose Legge alias Hart, d. 1607) :
Gules, a bend between three fleurs-de-lis argent. (Burke's
^'Heraldry," 1884.)

According to the authority in the "Encyclopaedia Bri-
tannica," the ordinaries of which the bend, chevron, and fess


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Online LibraryHenry Travers HartThe family history of Hart of Donegal → online text (page 1 of 14)