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Gc M. L.

942.6101
V66
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1267049



GENEALOGY COLLECTION



Ill]

3 1833 6b726'4622'



Zhc IDtctoda Ibtstot^ of the
Counties of EriGlanb

EDITED BY H. ARTHUR DOUBLEDAY



A HISTORY OF
N ORF OLK

VOLUME I



A HISTORY OF NORFOLK
VOLUMES I AND II EDITED
BY H. ARTHUR DOUBLEDAY
VOLUMES III IV V AND VI EDITED
BY WALTER RYE



THE

VICTORIA HISTORY

OF THE COUNTIES
OF ENGLAND

NORFOLK




WESTMINSTER
ARCHIBALD CONSTABLE

AND COMPANY LIMITED



This History is issued to Subscribers only

By Archibald Constable isf Company Limited

and printed by Butler & Tanner of

Frame and London



INSCRIBED

TO THE MEMORY OF

HER LATE MAJESTY

QJQEEN VICTORIA

WHO IN HER LIFETIME GRACIOUSLY

GAVE THE TITLE TO

AND ACCEPTED THE

DEDICATION OF

THIS HISTORY



THE ADVISORY COUNCIL
OF THE VICTORIA HISTORY



His Grace The Duke of Devonshire, K.G.

Chancellor of the Uni-versity of Cambridge

His Grace The Duke of Rutland, K.G.
His Grace The Duke of Portland
His Grace The Duke of Argyll, K.T.
The Most Hon. The Marquess of Salisbury,
K.G.

Chancellor of the University of Oxford

The Rt. Hon. The Earl of Rosebery, K.G.,

K.T.
The Rt. Hon. The Earl of Coventry

President of the Royal Agricultural Society

The Rt. Hon. The Viscount Dillon

President of the Society of Antiquaries

The Rt. Hon. The Lord Acton

Regius Professor of Modern History, Cambridge

The Rt. Hon. The Lord Lister

President of the Royal Society

Sir Frederick Pollock, Bart., LL.D., F.S.A.,

ETC.

Corpus Professor of Jurisprudence, Oxford

Sir Edward Maunde Thompson, K.C.B., D.C.L.,
LL.D., F.S.A., etc.

Director of the British Museum

Sir Clements R. Markham, K.C.B., F.R.S., F.S.A.

President of the Royal Geographical Society

Genera/ Editor — H.



Sir Henry Maxwell-Lyte, K.C.B., M.A., F.S.A.,

ETC.

Keeper of the Public Records

Col. Sir J. Farquharson, K.C.B.

Sir Jos. Hooker, G.C.S.L, M.D., D.C.L., F.R.S.,

ETC.

Sir Archibald Geikie, LL.D., F.R.S., etc.
Rev. J. Charles Cox, LL.D., F.S.A., etc.
Lionel Cust, Esq., M.A., F.S.A., etc

Director of the National Portrait Gallery

Dr. Albert L. G. Gonther, F.R.S.

President of the Linnean Society

Col. Duncan A. Johnston

Director General of the Ordnance Survey

Prof. E. Ray Lankester, M.A., F.R.S., etc.

Director of the Nat. Hist. Museum, South Kensington

Reginald L. Poole, Esq., M.A.

University Lecturer in Diplomatic, Oxford

F. York Powell, Esq., M.A., F.S.A., etc.

Regius Professor of Modern History, Oxford

J. Horace Round, Esq., M.A.

Walter Rye, Esq.

W. H. St. John Hope, Esq., M.A.

Assistant Secretary of the Society of Antiquaries

Arthur Doubleday



GENERAL ADVERTISEMENT



The Victoria History of the Counties of England is a National Survey showing
the condition of the country at the present day, and tracing the domestic history of the
English Counties back to the earliest times.

Rich as every County of England is in materials for local history, there has hitherto been
no attempt made to bring all these materials together into a coherent form. There are,
indeed, histories of English Counties ; but many of them — and these the best — are exceed-
ingly rare and costly ; others are very imperfect ; all are out of date.

The Victoria History will trace, county by county, the story of England's growth
from its prehistoric condition, through the barbarous age, the settlement of alien peoples, and
the gradual welding of many races into a nation which is now the greatest on the globe. All
the phases of ecclesiastical history ; the changes in land tenure ; the records of historic and
local families ; the history of the social life and sports of the villages and towns ; the develop-
ment of art, science, manufactures and industries — all these factors, which tell of the progress
of England from primitive beginnings to large and successful empire, will find a place in the
work and their treatment be entrusted to those who have made a special study of them.

Many archaeological, historical and other Societies are assisting in the compilation of this
work, and the editor also has the advantage of the active and cordial co-operation of The
National Trust, which is doing so much for the preservation of places of historic interest and
natural beauty throughout the country.

I vii b



The names of the distinguished men who have joined the Advisory Council are a
guarantee that the work will represent the results of the latest discoveries in every department
of research. It will be observed that among them are representatives of science ; for the
whole trend of modern thought, as influenced by the theory of evolution, favours the intelli-
gent study of the past and of the social, institutional and political developments of national
life. As these histories are the first in which this object has been kept in view, and modern
principles applied, it is hoped that they will form a work of reference no less indispensable
to the student than welcome to the man of culture.

Family History will, both in the Histories and in the supplemental volumes of chart
pedigrees, be dealt with by genealogical experts and in the modern spirit. Every effort will be
made to secure accuracy of statement, and to avoid the insertion of those legendary pedigrees
which have in the past brought discredit on the whole subject. It has been pointed out by the
late Bishop of Oxford, a great master of historical research, that ' the expansion and extension
of genealogical study is a very remarkable feature of our own times,' that ' it is an increasing
pursuit both in America and England,' and that it can render the historian useful service.

Heraldry will also in this Series occupy a prominent position, and the splendours of the
coat-armour borne in the Middle Ages will be illustrated in colours on a scale that has never
been attempted before.

The general plan of Contents, and the names of the Sectional Editors (who will
co-operate with local workers in every case) are as follows : —

Natural History. Edited by Aubyn B. R. Trevor-Battye, M.A., F.L.S., etc.

Geology. By Clement Reid, F.R.S., Horace B. Woodward, F.R.S., and others
Palaeontology. Edited by R. L. Lydekker, F.R.S., etc.

(Contributions by G. A. Boulenger, F.R.S., F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, M.A., H. N. Dixon, F.L.S.,
H. C. Druce, M.A., F.L.S., Walter Garstang, M.A., F.L.S., Herbert Goss, F.L.S., F.E.S.,
R. I. PococK, Rev. T.R. R. Stebbing, M.A., F.R.S., etc., B.B.Woodward, F.G.S., F.R.M.S.,
etc., and other Specialists
Prehistoric Remains. Edited by W. Boyd Dawkins, M.A., F.R.S., F.S.A.
Roman Remains. Edited by F. Havereield, M.A., F.S.A.

Anglo-Saxon Remains. Edited by C. Hercules Read, F.S.A., and Reginald A. Smith, B.A.
Ethnography. Edited by G. Laurence Gomme, F.S.A.
Dialect. Edited by Joseph Wright, M.A., Ph.D.
Place Names "j

Folklore I Contributed by Various Authorities

Physical Types )
Domesday Boole and other kindred Records. Edited by J. Horace Round, M.A.
Architecture. By Various Authorities. The Sections on the Cathedrals and Monastic Remains Edited by

W. H. St. John Hope, M.A.
Ecclesiastical History. Edited by R. L. Poole, M.A.
Political History. Edited by W. H. Stevenson, M.A., J. Horace Round, M.A., Prof. T. F. Tout, M.A.,

James Tait, M.A., and C. H. Firth, M.A.
History of Schools. Edited by A. F. Leach, M.A., F.S.A.
Maritime History of Coast Counties. Edited by J. K. Laughton, M.A.
Topographical Accounts of Parishes and Manors. By Various Authorities
History of the Feudal Baronage. Edited by J. Horace Round, M.A., and Oswald Barron
Family History and Heraldry. Edited by Oswald Barron

Agriculture. Edited by Sir Ernest Clarke, M.A., Sec. to the Royal Agricultural Society
Forestry. Edited by John Nisbet, D.Oec.
Industries, Arts and Manufactures

Social and Economic History [■ By Various Autho

Persons Eminent in Art, Literature, Science
Ancient and Modern Sport. Edited by the Du

Fishing. Edited by H. Cholmondelev Penne)

Cricket. Edited by Home Gordon

Football. Edited by C. W. Alcock
Bibliographies
Indexes

Names of the Subscribers

viii



With a view to securing the best advice with regard to the searching of records, the
Editor has secured the services of the following committee of experts : —

RECORDS COMMITTEE

Sir Edward Maunde Thompson, K.C.B. Wm. Page, F.S.A.

Sir Henry Maxwell-Lyte, K.C.B. J. Horace Round, M.A.

W. J. Hardy, F.S.A. S. R. Scargill-Bird, F.S.A.

F. Madan, M.A. W. H. Stevenson, M.A.

F. Maitland, M.A., F.S.A. G. F. Warner, M.A., F.S.A.

ILLUSTRATIONS

Among the many thousands of subjects illustrated will be castles, cathedrals and churches,
mansions and manor houses, moot halls and market halls, family portraits, etc. Particular
attention will be given to the beautiful and quaint examples of architecture which, through
decay or from other causes, are in danger of disappearing. The best examples of church
brasses, coloured glass, and monumental effigies will be depicted. The Series will also contain
1 60 pictures in photogravure, showing the characteristic scenery of the counties.

CARTOGRAPHY

Each History will contain Archaeological, Domesday, and Geological maps ; maps show-
ing the orography, and the Parliamentary and Ecclesiastical divisions ; and the map done by
Speed in 1610. The Series will contain about four hundred maps in all.

FAMILY HISTORY AND HERALDRY

The Histories will contain, in the Topographical Section, manorial pedigrees, and
accounts of the noble and gentle families connected with the local history ; and it is proposed
to trace, wherever possible, their descendants in the Colonies and the United States of
America. The Editor will be glad to receive information which may be of service to him
in this branch of the work. The chart family pedigrees and the arms of the families
mentioned in the Heralds' Visitations will be issued in a supplemental volume for each county.

The Rolls of Arms are being completely collated for this work, and all the feudal coats
will be given in colours. The arms of the local families will also be represented in connection
with the Topographical Section.

In order to secure the greatest possible accuracy in the descriptions of the Architecture,
ecclesiastic, military and domestic, a committee has been formed of the following students of
architectural history, who will supervise this department of the work : —

ARCHITECTURAL COMMITTEE

J. BiLsoN, F.S.A., F.R.I.B.A. W. H. St. John Hope, M.A.

R. Blomfield W. H. Knowles, F.S.A., F.R.I.B.A.

Harold Brakspear, A. R.I. B. A. J. T. Micklethwaite, F.S.A.

Prof. Baldwin Brown Roland Paul

Arthur S. Flower, F.S.A., A.R.I.B.A. J. Horace Round, M.A.

George E. Fox, M.A., F.S.A. Percy G. Stone, F.S.A., F.R.I.B.A.

J. A. Gotch, F.S.A., F.R.I.B.A. Thackeray Turner

A special feature in connection with the Architecture will be a series of coloured ground
plans showing the architectural history of castles, cathedrals and other monastic foundations.
Plans of the most important country mansions will also be included.

The issue of this work is limited to subscribers only, whose names will be printed at the end of
each History.



THE

VICTORIA HISTORY

OF THE COUNTY OF

NORFOLK



VOLUME ONE




WESTMINSTER

2 WHITEHALL GARDENS

I9OI



County? dommittce tor IRorfoIh

THE RT. HON. THE EARL OF LEICESTER, K.G.

Lord Lieutenant, Chairman



The Rt. Hon. The Earl of Romney
The Rt. Hon. The Earl of Kimberley
The Rt. Hon. The Lord Hastings
The Rt. Hon. The Lord Walsingham
The Rt. Hon. The Lord Suffield
The Rt. Hon. The Lord Farquhar
The Rt. Rev. The Lord Bishop of

Norwich
Sir Kenneth H. Kemp, Bart.
Sir William ffolkes, Bart.
Sir Alfred Jodrell, Bart.
Sir Hugh Beevor, Bart.
Sir Charles H. Stuart Rich, Bart.,

F.S.A.
Sir Edmund C. Nugent, Bart.
Sir Thomas Fowell Buxton, Bart., J.P.,

D.L.
Sir John Colomb, K.C.M.G., M.P.
Sir Peter Fade, M.D., F.R.C.P.
The Very Rev. The Dean of Norwich
The Ven. Archdeacon Nevill
The Ven. Archdeacon Perowne
Nicholas H. Bacon, Esq.



William T. Bensly, Esq., LL.D., F.S.A.
Leonard G. Bolingbroke, Esq.
Gen. W. E. G. L. Bulwer, C.B.
Geoffrey F. Buxton, Esq.
Russell J. Colman, Esq.
J. A. H. Ferrier, Esq.
P. Berney-Ficklin, Esq.
John H. Gurney, Esq., F.Z.S.
Rev. William Hudson, M.A., F.S.A.
Rev. Canon Jessopp, D.D., F.S.A.
Henry Lee Warner, Esq.
Rev. Augustus G. Legge, M.A.
T. Barrett Lennard, Esq.
Hamon le Strange, Esq.
Rev. Arthur T. Michell, M.A.
Robert H. J. Palgrave, Esq., F.R.S.
SiMMs Reeve, Esq.
Thomas Southwell, Esq., F.Z.S.
Rev. O. W. Tancock, M.A.
J. C. TiNGEY, Esq., M.A., F.S.A.
The Worshipful The Mayor of Norwich
The Worshipful The Mayor of Kings
Lynn



CONTENTS OF VOLUME ONE



Dedication

The Advisory Council of the Victoria
General Advertisement
The Norfollc County Committee
Contents .....

List of Illustrations ....

Preface

Natural History

Geology .....

Palaeontology ....

Botany .....

Rubi and Rosae {Brambles and

Roses)

Mentha

Naiadaceae ....

Filices {Fettis, etc.)
Characeae ....

Musci {Mosses) and Hepaticae
{Lwerzuorts) ....
Marine Algae ....
Diatomaceae ....
Lichenes {Lichens)
Fungi .....
Zoology

Marine Zoology
Mollusca {Snails, etc.)
Insecta {Insects)

Orthoptera {Grasshoppers, etc.) .
Neuroptera {Draff/n_fiies) and
Trichoptera {Caddis-flies)
Hymenoptera {Bees, etc.)



By H. B. Woodward, F.R.S., F.G.S. .

By Richard L. Lydekker, B.A., F.R.S., F.G.S.

Edited by Herbert D. Geldart .



By Herbert D. Geldart



By the Rev. G. R. Bullock-Webster, M.A.

By H. N. Dixon, M.A., F.L.S. .
By Herbert D. Geldart



By the Rev. J. Crombie, M.A., F.L.S., F.G.S.
By C. B. Plowright, M.D., L.R.C.P., F.R.C.S.

By Walter Garstang, M.A., F.L.S.

By B. B. WooDvi'ARD, F.G.S., F.R.M.S.

By J. Edwards, F.E.S



By Charles G. Barrett, F.E.S.
XV



CONTENTS OF VOLUME ONE



Coleoptera {Beetles) . . By J. Edwards, F.E.S.

LepiJoptera {Butterflies and
Moths) ....
Hemiptera {Bugs and Cicadas) .
Myriapoda {Centipedes, etc.)
Arachnida {Spiders, etc.)
Crustacea {Crabs, Lobsters, etc.)
Pisces {Fishes)
Reptilia {Reptiles) and Batrachia

{Batrachians)
Aves {Birds) . . . . „

Mammalia {Mammals) . . „ „ „

Early Man ..... By George Clinch, F.G.S. .
Romano-British Remains . . -By F. Haverfield, M.A., F.S.A

Anglo-Saxon Remains ... By Reginald A. Smith, B.A.



By Charles G. Barrett, F.E.S. .

By J. Edwards, F.E.S

By R. I. PococK

By F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, M.A.

By the Rev. T. R. R. Stebbing, M.A., F.R.S., F.L.S.

By John Lowe, M.D., F.L.S.

By Thomas Southwell, F.Z.S.



135
162
171

173
183
200

217
220
246
253
279
325



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS



PAGE



Norwich Cathedral, by William Hyde Frontispiece

Palaeolithic Implements . . . . . . . . . . . . -255

Palasolithic Implements ............. 256

The Weybourne Pits ............. 264

Section through one of the Pits at Weybourne ........ 264

Neolithic Implement ............. 266

Bronze Tools found at Carlton Rode 268

Bronze Palstave found at Stibbard ........... 269

Bronze Spearhead found at Stibbard .......... 269

Bronze Celt-mould found in Unthanks Road, Norwich ....... 270

Bronze Dagger found at Little Cressingham . . . . . . . .272

Late Celtic Horse-trappings found at Saham Toney . . . full-page plate, facing p. 273

Late Celtic Pot found at Mundesley „ „ „ 274

Late Celtic Ornament 281

Coins of the Iceni ............. 285

Outline of Caister-by-Norwich . . . . . . . .289

Wall of Caister-by-Norwich full-page plate, facing p. 290

Building outside the Walls of Caister . . . . . . . . . .291

Terracotta Fragment 291



Small Bronze Bust



292



Small Bronze Objects 292



Gold Coin of Nero



292



Plan and Section of Kiln near Caister full-page plate, facing p. 292



Bronze M



irror ........... „ „ 292



Roman Well and Urns found in it, Ashill .... full-page plate, facing p. 295

Plan of Enclosures near Ashill ........... 295

Iron Knife, etc., from Roman Well, Ashill .... full-page plate, facing p. 296

Key, Threxton .............. 298

Sketch Map to illustrate Roman Roads 300

Plan of Brancaster 304

Section of Wall, Brancaster 304

Plan of Brancaster 305

Seal of Ring ............... 305

Bronze Objects from Felmingham ........... 308

xvii



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS



PAGE



Sandhill containing Urns, Felmingham 309

Pottery from the Sandhill, Felmingham 309

Pewter Dish from Welney 310

Silver Dish found at Mileham full-page plate, facing p. 310

Gold Ring from Poringland Heath 311

Urn alleged to have been found at North Elmham . . full-page plate, facing /. 3 i 2

Samian Cup from Beachamwell 313

Glass Vessel, Geldeston 317

Bronze Object, Geldeston 317

Bronze Statuette, Haynford 317

Urn, Hedenham 317

Brooch from SwafFham . . . . . . . -321

Brooch and Cinerary Urns with Details 329

Gold Ornaments, etc coloured plate, facing p. 340



LIST OF MAPS

Geological Map of West Norfolk .......... facing p. I

Geological Map of East Norfolk ,,14

Botanical Map .............. 39

Pre-Historical Map 253

Roman Map 279

Anglo-Saxon Map • „ 325



PREFACE



THE Advertisement of the Victoria History sets forth the scheme
under which the History of Norfolk is projected. Only a small
part of the whole undertaking there detailed finds a place in this
volume, and it will therefore suffice to refer here only to the
subject matter now presented to the reader.

The principle underlying the plan of the Victoria History is that of
co-operation between local students of history and archeology and those
who possess expert knowledge in certain periods of history or depart-
ments of archaeological research. The contributors to this volume have
cheerfully acquiesced in these conditions, and it is hoped that by the
method adopted greater accuracy has been obtained^ than could otherwise
have been secured.

The investigations which have been made in the course of compil-
ing the natural history of Norfolk have brought to light the want of
special studies from which the county suffers in various departments.

The tastes and inclinations of students of local natural history lie
mostly in certain directions, and the less popular orders in Botany and
Entomology have received comparatively little attention. Much difficulty
has therefore been experienced in obtaining representative lists for some
of these orders. While the imperfections to which this work must plead
guilty are to be deplored, it is possible that the energies of local
naturalists may be directed thereby to those departments of the flora and
fauna which require further study.

It has been reluctantly decided that the Domesday Survey of Norfolk
cannot be dealt with on the same lines as those adopted for other
counties. Its abnormal length is but one of the difficulties ; more
serious are those which arise from the unsatisfactory state of the text and
from the obscurity of its, formulce, even when the text is sound. Any
translation would in fact be almost unintelligible. Those who are most
competent to judge are of opinion that the time for dealing with this
most difficult record is not yet ripe, and its contents are at present so
imperfectly known that Professor Maitland has to speak in his Domesday



PREFACE

Book and Beyond,^ of that period, as yet in the future, ' when the
Domesday of East AngUa has been fully explored.' Its evidence,
however, will of course be used for ascertaining the ownership of the
manors in 1086, and it is hoped that if his other engagements permit,
Mr. Round may be able to contribute, in another volume, something on
the special features of interest that it possesses.

The editor desires to express his indebtedness to Mr. Thomas
Southwell for assistance in many directions ; and for permission to use
certain of the illustrations reproduced in this volume he wishes to thank
Sir John Evans, K.C.B., George C. Castor, Esq., the Curator of the
Liverpool Museum, the Committee of the Norwich Castle Museum,
the Society of Antiquaries, the Royal Archaeological Institute, and the
British Archsological Association.

1 Domesday Book and Beyond, p. 1 06.



A HISTORY OF
NO RFOLK



GEOLOGY



NORFOLK is a tolerably flat county, rising nowhere to a height
of 350 feet, but forming an elevated plain which slopes gently
from the west and north towards the south-east and east. The
diversified scarps which occur in the west are bordered by the
levels of the Fenland, and portions of the north coast are fringed by
marshlands. Nevertheless, there is much to interest the geologist in the
cliffs of Red and White Chalk at Hunstanton, and in the so-called ' mud
cliffs ' of Cromer. The Chalk itself is always a hunting-ground for
fossils ; while the Norwich Crag, with its abundant shells and remains of
mastodon and other mammalia ; the Cromer Forest Bed series, with its
rich and varied vertebrate fauna and its interesting plant-remains, have
engaged the attention, not only of local observers, but of distinguished
geologists from all parts of the country and the Continent. The literature
in consequence is copious.

If the coast scenery is for the most part monotonous, it is neverthe-
less modified by the bold hillocks of blown sand which here and there
fringe the shores ; while the inland scenery is rendered pleasant by the
intermixture of heath, woodland and common, with the cultivated tracts
and their richly-timbered hedgerows. Again, the isolated meres in
West Norfolk, and the fine series of freshwater lakes, or Broads, in East
Norfolk, offer attractions to the naturalist and to the painter, to say
nothing of those who come to the Broads for rest and relaxation.

The earliest, and indeed the only independent work on the Geology
of Norfolk, was that issued in 1833 by Samuel Woodward (of Norwich).
Notes on particular portions of the county had already been published
by earHer observers : by William Smith, R. C. Taylor and others,
while shortly afterwards Caleb B. Rose (of Swaffham) printed his
excellent Sketch of the Geology of West Norfolk. Many a worker has since
added to our knowledge, among whom we should not fail to mention
Lyell, Joshua Trimmer, John Gunn (formerly rector of Irstead), the late
S. V. Wood, jun., and Mr. F. W. Harmer, who is still an energetic
worker. During the years 1875 to 1884 Norfolk was examined in
detail by the officers of the Geological Survey, from whose memoirs,
sections and maps may be obtained a detailed knowledge of the structure
of the entire county and full references to the observations of the many
other labourers in the field of geology.

I I B



A HISTORY OF NORFOLK



The strata or formations known in Norfolk may be grouped as
follows, the names in italics referring to those not exposed at the
surface : —



Period.


Formation.


Character of the strata.


Approximate
thickness
in feet.


Recent to
Neolithic


Alluvium, including Submerged
Forest and Fen Beds . . .

Blown Sand

Shingle Beaches


Mud, silt, clay, peat, marl

and gravel

Clean sand

Chiefly flint pebbles . . .


I to 75
up to 60
up to 50


Pleistocene,

Paleolithic

and

Glacial


Brickearth

Valley Gravel

Marine Gravel and Clay . .

Plateau Gravel

Boulder Clay

Glacial Sand and Gravel . .
Glacial Loam and Marl . . .


Loam and marl

Sub-angular flint gravel .
Shelly gravel and clay . . .

Boulder gravel

Chalky clay, with flints and

erratics

Shelly sand and gravel . . .
Loam, with boulders and marl


up to 1 5

up to 45

up to 30

I to 45

I to 130
I to 70
I to 35


Pliocene


Cromer Forest Bed ....
Norwich Crag Series . . .


Gravel, laminated clay and
peaty loam

Shelly sand and gravel and
laminated clay ....


10 to 30

25 to 100


Eocene


London Clay

Reading Beds


Grey clay and sandy clay . .
Green sand and grey clay


310

46


Upper
Cretaceous


Upper Chalk

Middle Chalk

Lower Chalk

Red Chalk

Gault


Soft chalk, with nodular flints
and paramoudras . . .

Hard chalk, with nodular and
tabular flints in upper part,
and marly seams ....

Hard grey and white limestone

Red limestone

Grey marly clay ....


about 800

about 300
80 to 130

4
30 to 60


Lower
Cretaceous


^ rCarstone

Js jSnettisham Beds . . . .
'^ iSandringham Beds . . .


Brown ferruginous sandstone
and grit

Clay, with septarian nodules .

Light-coloured sands and
flaggy sandstone ....


up to 40
to 30

up to 100


Jurassic


Kimeridge Clay

Cora III an

Oxford Clay


Dark shale and clay, with no-
dules and bands of limestone

Clay

Clay, with septaria ....


thickness

not

proved



The superficial extent of the various formations is depicted on the



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