Hiram D. (Hiram David) Peck.

The law of municipal corporations in the state of Ohio embracing the statutes in force July, 1875, with notes of the decisions of the Supreme and other courts of the state relating thereto online

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Online LibraryHiram D. (Hiram David) PeckThe law of municipal corporations in the state of Ohio embracing the statutes in force July, 1875, with notes of the decisions of the Supreme and other courts of the state relating thereto → online text (page 1 of 53)
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THE LAW



OP



MUNICIPAL CORPORATIONS



IN THE



STATE OF OHIO



EMBRACING* ALL THE



STATUTES IN FORCE JULY, 1875



WITH



NOTES OF THE DECISIONS OF THE SUPREME AND OTHER
COURTS OF THE STATE RELATING THERETO



By HIRAM D. PECK

AssH City Solicitor of Cincinnati



CINCINNATI
ROBERT CLARKE & CO

18 7 5



\t15



Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1875,

By KOBERT CLARKE & CO.,

In the Office of the Librarian of Congress, at "Washington.

Stereotyped by Ogden, Campbell & Co., Cincinnati.






71



PREFACE.



A new compilation of the Municipal Laws of Ohio appears to
"be demanded by reason of the large amount of recent legislation
coming under that head, and from the fact that former works upon
"the subject are out of print. At least such are the reasons for the
publication of this volume. At the instance and request of the pub-
lishers, who are the owners of the copyright of the work of the late
Judge J. Bryant Walker, I have made free use of the notes and
other matter therein contained; which I invariably found to have
been completed with scrupulous care and accuracy.

A large number of cases have been added, many of which are
cited as MS. opinions, and much care has been taken that the
points decided in such cases should be correctly stated. Each cita-
tion has been verified by an examination of the case itself, or the
written opinion of the court. A considerable number of the MS.
cases may be found reported in a small volume entitled, "Cincin-
nati Municipal Decisions" copies of which have been very recently
placed in the Law Library at Cincinnati, and the State Library at

Columbus.
July 25, 1875. H. D. P.



CONTENTS.



PRELIMINARY— Pt0B .

Existing Municipal Corporations , 1

CHAPTER I.—

Classification of Municipal Corporations 1

CHAPTER II.—

Creation of Incorporated Villages — General and Special 4

CHAPTER III.—

Of the manner Incorporated Villages for Special Purposes may
be advanced to the grade of Incorporated Villages 9

CHAPTER IV.—

Of the manner in which Incorporated Villages may be advanced
to Cities of the Second Class, and Cities of the Second Class ad-
vanced to Cities of the First Class 12

CHAPTER V.—

Incorporated Villages for Special Purposes 14

CHAPTER VI.—

Officers of Municipal Corporations 17

CHAPTER VII.—

Election of Officers 24

CHAPTER VIII.—

Qualifications, Oath, and Bond of Officers 26

CHAPTER IX.—

Counc'l of the Corporation 28

CHAPTER X.—

Ordinances, Resolutions, and By-Laws — How adopted and passed. 33

(v)



VI CONTENTS.



CHAPTER XT.



PAGE.



Ordinances — How enforced 36

CHAPTER XII.—

Powers and duties of Municipal Officers 40

The Mayor 40

The Clerk 43

The Auditor 46

The Marshal. 46

Chief of Police 48

The Treasurer 48

The Solicitor 50

Street Commissioner, Fire Engineer, Civil Engineer and Superin-
tendent of Markets 52

CHAPTEPv XIIL—

Jurisdiction and powers of Police Court 52

Police Judge 52

Clerk of Police Court 56

Prosecuting Attorney of Police Court 58

CHAPTER XIV.—

The Mayor's Court 58

CHAPTER XV.—

General powers of Municipal Corporations 60

CHAPTER XVI.—

Vagrants, Criminals, and Suspicious Characters 66

CHAPTER XVIL—

Police 68

CHAPTER XVIIL—

Corporation Prison 70

CHAPTER XIX.—

House of Refuge and Correction 72

CHAPTER XX.—

"Work-House 84

CHAPTER XXL—

Hospitals , 87

CHAPTER XXII.—

Infirmaries 91



CONTENTS. VU



CHAPTER XXIII.— PAOE .

Board of Health 93

CHAPTER XXIV.—

Fire Department 100

CHAPTER XXV.—

Water-Works 102

CHAPTER XXVI.—

Public Cemeteries and Burial Grounds 110

CHAPTER XXVII.—

Public Grounds and Parks 117

CHAPTER XXVIII.—

Public Halls 118

CHAPTER XXIX.—

Division into Wards 119

CHAPTER XXX.—

Street Railroads 120

CHAPTER XXXL—

Gas Companies 125

CHAPTER XXXII.—

Lighting Bridges and Railways 129

CHAPTER XXXIIL—

Sprinkling Streets 131

CHAPTER XXXIV.—

Control of Streets, Bridges, and Vehicles 133

CHAPTER XXXV.—

Wharves, Docks, and Harbor Masters 146

CHAPTER XXXVI.—

Ferries 147

CHAPTER XXXVIL—

Licensing Shows, Auctioneers, etc 148



Viii CONTENTS.



CHAPTER XXXVIIL— PA01! .

Pawnbrokers .... — ........ ^. .... 140

CHAPTER XXXIX.—

Filling up Lots and Removal of offensive Substances 150

CHAPTER XL.—

Markets .. .. 151

CHAPTER XLL—

Inspectors of Provisions and other Articles 154

CHAPTER XLIL—

Identity of Corporation and Township Lines — Change of Town-
ship Boundaries .... 157

CHAPTER XLIIL—

Two Days Labor on the Streets — Road Tax .. 160

CHAPTER XLIV.—

Vacating Street or Alley 162

CHAPTER XLV.—

Damages for Excavations 163

CHAPTER XLVL—

Board of Improvements .' .... 164

CHAPTER XLVIL—

Appropriation of Private Property by Municipal Corporations
for public uses 168

CHAPTER XLVIIL—

General Rules relative to Improvements and Special Assessments. 180

CHAPTER XLIX.—

Damages and Assessments for Public Improvements 197

Notice of Proposed Improvements 197

Claims for Damages 198

Special Assessments 202

Sidewalks 207

Turnpikes, Plank Roads, and Watercourses 208

CHAPTER L.—

Sewers, Drains, and Ditches 210



CONTENTS. ix



CHAPTEK LI.— PA0E .

Finance and Taxation 223

CHAPTEK LIL—

The Power to Borrow Money and Issue Bonds— ^ 234

CHAPTER LIU.—

Sinking Fund .. 237

CHAPTER LIV.

Lease or Sale of Corporate Property »~ 238

CHAPTER LV.—

Annexation of Territory to a City or Incorporated Village on
the application of Citizens residing thereon. 239

CHAPTER LVL—

Annexation on the application of the Corporation 242

CHAPTER LVIL—

Annexation of one Municipal Corporation to another Municipal
Corporation „ 244

CHAPTER LVIII.—

Surrender of Municipal Rights 246

CHAPTER LIX,—

Duties of State Officers and Right of Visitation 249

CHAPTER LX.—

Saving of Existing Rights , 251

CHAPTER LXL—

Acts Repealed ««u«.. 254



Annexation 271

Assessors 272

Bonds, Official 273

Bonds, Negotiable, and Stocks 274

Buildings 292

Cemeteries 294

Council 297

Fire Department , 303



CONTENTS.



PAGE.

Houses of Refuge 310

Improvements other than Streets 318

Libraries 324

Licenses 326

Orphans Asylums 327

Officers 328

Parks 332

Pharmaceutical Board 335

Police 338

Poor 368

railroads 373

Railroads, Street 386

■Streets and Roads 389

Second-hand Stores 406

Taxation 407

Town Halls 412

Town Plats 416

Treasurers 432

Universities 437

Work-Houses 442



CASES CITED.



PAGE.

Aekemeyer, Scully v 189

Akron, McComb v 142

Akron, Markle v 34

Allison v. Cincinnati 104, 214

Anderson v. McKinney 199

Armstrong v. Cincinnati 185

Arnold v. Flattery 130, 145

Ashland, Thomas v 54

Atlantic & G. W. R. K. v. Campbell 174

Atlantic & G. W. R. R. v. Koblentz 175

Bailey, B. & I. R. R. v 214

Bailey v. Cincinnati 142

Bailey v. Copeland 138

Bailey, Taylor v 138

Baker v. Cincinnati 149

Ball, C. & P. R R. v 174

Bank of Cbillicothe v. Chillicothe 234

Bank of United States v. Cincinnati 231

Barrett, Boeres v 219

Barrett v. Reed 27

Barker v. The State 203

Barton v. Huntington 34, 216

Barton, Hambold v 174

Bates v. Fries 49

Bates, Cincinnati v 174

Beaver v. Trustees of Blind Asylum 173

Beckwith v. Beckwith 134

Bellows v. Cincinnati 27

Beresford v. Cincinnati 152

Binjzham v. Doane 143

Bissell, Blanchard v 33

B. & I. R. R. v. Bailey 214

Blanchard v. Bissell 33

Bliss v. Kraus 151, 182

Blackburn, Gorgas v 249

Boeres v. Barrett 219

Boeres v. Strader 203

Boetger v. Cincinnati 211

B. & 0. R. R. v. Comm'rs Belmont Co 203

Bonte v. Taylor 193

Bonte, Wisby v 135

Bowman, State v 27

Bonsall v. Lebanon 207

Boyle v. Cincinnati 203

Breslin v. Brown 190

Brown, Breslin v 190

Brown v. Manning 135

Bryant's Lessee v. McCandless 135

Bryson, Cincinnati v 148

Buckingham, Cincinnati v 152

Buckmaster v. Zanesville 27



PAGE.

Bunnell, Potter v 374

Burkhardtv. Hanly 104

Burnet v. Cincinnati 185

Burns v. Patterson 1S4

Butler v. Cincinnati 196

Butler v. Toledo 188

Butmanv. Fowler 135

Canal Co., Pierson v 134

Canton v. Nist 33

Casey v. Cincinnati 146

C. C. & C. R. R. v. Terry 20

Chambers' Adm'r v. Ohio Life and Trust

Co GO

Champlin, Erwin v 184

Chillicothe, McCoy v 185

Chillicothe, Bank of Chillicothe v 234

C. H. & D. R. R. Co., Parrott v 143

C. &I. R. R., Hatch v 175

C. & I. R. R., The State ex rel. v 175

C. & I. R. R. v. Zinn 175

Cincinnati, Allison v 104

Cincinnati, Armstrong v 185

Cincinnati, Bailey v 142

Cincinnati, Baker v 148

Cincinnati, Bank of the United States v... 231

Cincinnati v. Bates 174

Cincinnati, Bellows v 27

Cincinnati, Beresford v 152

Cincinnati, Boetger v 211

Cincinnati v. Bryson 148

Cincinnati v. Buckingham 152

Cincinnati, Burnet v 185

Cincinnati, Butler v - 196

Cincinnati Canal Co., Goodin v 175

Cincinnati, Casey v 140

Cincinnati College v. Nesmith 124

Cincinnati v. Comm'rs Hamilton Co 171

Cincinnati v. Comm'rs Hamilton Co 209

Cincinnati v. Comm'rs Hamilton Co 85

Cincinnati v. Consolidated Street R.R. Co. 122

Cincinnati, Cordeman v 215

Cincinnati, Culbertson v 185

Cincinnati, Diehm v 19

Cincinnati, Dodsworth v 4J0

Cincinnati, Eagle White Lead Co. v 143

Cincinnati, Erkenbrecher v 04

Cincinnati v. Evans 138, 140

Cincinnati, Farrelly v 142

Cincinnati v. First Presbyterian Church.. 1' 8

Cincinnati, Foote v 170

Cincinnati, Gall v 137, 152

(xi)



xn



CASES CITED.



TAGE.

Cincinnati Gas Co., The State ex rel. v. ..28, 127

Cincinnati, Goodloc v 142

Cincinnati v. Green 03

Cincinnnti, Gwynno v 135

Cincinnati, Ilalpin v 23

Cincinnati, Hatch v 43

Cincinnati, Jonas v 185

Cincinnati, Kleiner v 108

Cincinnati, Lawrence v 103

Cm. innati. Lessee of, v. Comm'rs Hamil-
ton C 136

Cincinnati. Lewis v 190

Cincinnati, Lowden v 184

Cincinnati, Macauley v 62

Cincinnati, McHugh v 252

Cincinnati, McMahon v 142

Cincinnati, Mays v 149

Cincinnati, Miami Machine Works v 167

Cincinnati, Morgan v 61

Cincinnati, Morrill v 3

Cincinnati v. Morris 134

Cincinnati, Niles Works v 212

Cincinnati, Parker v 420

(incin ati v. Pendleton Street It. It 123

Cincinnati v. Penny 141, 214

Cincinnati, Potts v 177

Cincinnati, Proctor t 211, 213

Cincinnati v. Rice 33

Cincinnati, Ryan T 183

Cincinnati, Schoonmaker v 238

Cincinnati, Scully v -.. 182

Cincinnati, Scully v 209

Cincinnati, Sherlock v 97

Cincinnati, Shillitov 140

Cincinnati, Smith v 142

Cincinnati, Smith v 121

Cincinnati, State ex rel. v 242

Cincinnati, State ex rel. v 1

Cincinnati, State ex rel. v 90

Cincinnati, Stone T 17

Cincinnati. Storrs Township It. R. v 139

Cincinnati, Strader v 138

Cincinnati v. Street Railway Co 123

Cincinnati Street R. R. Co. v. Cincinnati. 123
Cincinnati Street 11. R. Co. v. Cumroins-

ville 121

Cincinnati Township v. Debolt 23

Cincinnati, Vandyke v 60

Cincinnati, Walker T 185, 376

Cincinnati v. Wa*m 34

Cincinnati r. Water Company 33

Cincinnati, We well v 175

Cincinnati, Wheeler v 18, 65, 100

Clark v. Fry 18, 144

Cleveland, Westerhaven v 17, 65, 68

Clevi land, Bcoville v 29

Cleveland, Ilickox v 143

Cleveland A P. R. R. v. Ball 174

( I v. land v. W ck 188

Cleveland, Rhodes v 222



PAGE.

Clive, Westerhaven v 27

Collins v. Hatch 03

Colter v. Doty 253.

Collett, Little Miami R. R. v 174

Comm'rs Belmont Co., B. & 0. R. E. v.... 203

Comm'rs Hamilton Co., Baum v

Comm'rs Hamilton Co., Cincinnati v. 139, 171

Comm'rs Hamilton Co. v. Cincinnati 85

Comm'rs Hamilton Co., Cincinnati, Lessee

of, v 136

Comm'rs Hamilton Co., Jenifer v 3.

Comm'rs Hamilton Co., The State ex rel. v. 195

Comm'rs Ross Co., Taylor v 378

Comm'rs Seneca Co., Cupp v 143, 199

Comm'rs Stark Co., Reynolds v 3, 145

Comm'rs Warren Co., Lebanon v 136

Connelly, Harbeck v 182

Connelly, Northern Ind. R. R. v : 181

Connelly, Poland v 152

Council v. Voorhees 20

Consolidated Street R. R. Co., Cincin-
nati v 122

Cook, State ex rel. v 21

Copeland, Bailey v 138

Cordeman v. Cincinnati 215, 221

Corry v. Gaynor 185

Cottle v. King 185

Cox, Phiferv 141

Crawford v. Delaware 142

Creightonv. Scott 181

Creighton v. Toledo 183

Crniikilton, Sessions v 199

C. &T. R. R. v. Prentice 172

Culbertson v. Cincinnati 185>

Cnmminsville, Cincinnati Street R. R. v... 121
Cnpp v. Comm'rs Seneca Co 143, 199

C. W. & Z. R. R., Giesy v 109, 174

Davis, The State ex rel. v 90

Dayton, Little Miami R. R. v 171

Dayton v. Pease 17

Debolt v. Trustees Cincinnati Township... 23

Delaware, Crawford v 142

Diehm v. Cincinnati 19

Dillingham v. The State 53

Directors Infirmary v. Toledo 158

Doane, Bingham v 143

Dodge v. Gridley 33

Dodsworth v. Cincinnati 426

Doram, Setchell v 136

Doren v. Horton 138, 144

Doty, Colter v 37, 253

D. X. & B. R. R. v. Lewton 107

Eagle White Lead Co. v. Cincinnati 143

Easton. Roberts v 124

Eaton R. R. Co., Hueston v 143

Edson, Board of Education v 138

Education, Board of, v. Edson 138

Elliott, Newark v 238

Ely, Kellogg v 185

Erkenbrecher v. Cincinnati 64



CASES CITED.



XU1



PAGE.

Erkenbrecher v. Este 04

Ernst v. Kunkel 181

Erwin v. Champlin 184

Este, Erkenbrecher v 04

Evans, Cincinnati v 138, 140

Farnn, Tlie State ex rel. v 289

Farrelly v. Cincinnati 142

Fearing, Marietta v 33

Findlay, The State v 27

Finnell v. Howells 188

Finnell v. Kates 198

First Presbyterian Church, Cincinnati v.. 138
First Presbyterian Church, Williams v.... 133

Fisher v. Graham 106

Flattery, Arnold v 130

Flinn, State ex rel. v 31

Folz v. Cincinnati 184, 191

Folz v. Lyons 185

Fosdick v. Terrysburg 2

Fnote v. Cincinnati 176

Fnwler, Butman v 135

Fries, Bates v 49

Fky, Clark v 17, 144

Fulton v. Mehrenfeld 137

if ink, Newark v 47

Gall v. Cincinnati...:. 137

Gnllipolis, Langley v 146

Gallip >lis, LeCler q v 135

Gas Co., The State ex rel. v 29

Gazley, Huber v 145

Gay or, Corry v 185

Gerke, Jones v 244

Giddings, Scovill v 20, 142

Giesy v. C. W. & Z. K.R 1C9, 174

Gilmore v. Lewis 23, C9

Glenn v. Wadd.l , 200

Goodin v. Cincinnati Canal Co 175

Goodloe v. Cincinnati 142

Gorgas v. Blackburn 249

Graham, Fisher v 166

Graham, Miller v 190

Green, Cincinnati v 63

Giidley, Dodge v 33

Gwynne v. Cincinnati 135, 203, 231

Halpin v. Cincinnati 23

Hambold v. Barton 184

Hammond, Reynolds v 184

Hanley, Burkhardt v 164

Harbeck v. Connelly 182

Harbeck v. Toledo 173

Harrison, Seegar v 146

Hatch v. Cincinnati 23, 43

Hatch, Collins v 63

Hatch v. C. & I. B. R 175

Henshaw v. Noble 144

Hickok v. Hine 04

Hickox v. Cleveland 143

Higdon, Hill v 181

Hillv. Higdon 181

Hine, Hickok v 04



PAGE.

Hoffman, Moore v 34

Hoffman v. Winslow 1*5

Horton, Dorcn v 138, lit

Howell, Finnells v 188

Hubbard v. Toledo 03

Huber v. Gazley 145

Hueston v. Eaton R. R 143

Hucston, Smith v 145

Huddleson v. Ruffin 03

Hulbert, Lloyd v 133

Huntington, Barton v 34, 189

Hutchins, Strohman v 138, 184

Iron R. R. v. Ironton 169

Jackson v. Jackson 143

Jenifer v. Comm'rs Hamilton Co 3

Jonas v. Cincinnati 185, 233

Jones v. Gerke '. 244

Kates, Finnell v 193

Kellogg v. Ely 185

Kent, White v 140

Kennedy, Lane v 139

King, Cottle v 185

King, Steubenville v 134

Kleiner v. Cincinnati 103

Koblentz, Atlantic & G. W. R. R. v 175

Kraus, Bliss v 151, 182

Kriedlerv. The State 21

Kunkel, Ernst v 181

Lane v. Kennedy 13!)

Langley v. Gallipolis 148

Lawrence v. Cincinnati 103

Lawrence, ex parte 23

Lawrence, Penquite v 137

Lawton, D. X. & B. R. R. v 107

Lebanon, Bonsall v 207

Lebanon v. Comm'rs of Warren Co 138

LeClercq v. Gallipolis 135

Leonard v. O'Hara 190

Lewis v. Cincinnati 19"

Lewis, Gilmore v 23, 09

Liberty Township, The State ex rel. V....29, 48

Little Miami R. R. v. Collett 174

Little Miami R. R. v. Dayton 171

Little Miami R. R. v. Naylor 145

Little Miami R. R. v. Whitacro 143

Lloyd v. Hulbert 133

Lowden v. Cincinnati 184

Lyons, Folz v 185

Macauley v. Cincinnati 02,

McCandless, Bryant's Lessee v 135

McComb v. Akron 142

McCoy v. Chillicothe 185

McCracki n v. West 175

McConnellsville, Buckholter v G2

McIIugh v. Cincinnati 252

Mcllvaiu v. Wood 144

McKinuey, Anderson v 199

McLaughlin, Wells v 135

McLaughlin v. Stevens 138

McMahon V.Cincinnati 142



XIV



CASES CITED.



PAGE.

Maloy v. Marietta 181

Manning, Brown v 129, 135

Mini' Ha v. Fearing 33

Marietta, Maloy v 181

Marietta v. Slocumb 189

Marietta, etc., Co., Ward v 172

Markle v. Akron 34

Maurer, P. Ft. W. & C. R. It. v 133, 171

Mays v. Cincinnati GO, 149

Mehrenfeld, Fulton v 137

Miami Machine Works v. Cincinnati 1G7

Miller v. Graham 190

Miller v. P. arce 51, 105, 172

Moore v. Hoffman 34

Morgan v. Cincinnati 61

Morrill v. Cincinnati 3

Morris, Cincinnati v 134

Mr. Vernon, Thomas v 37

Mt. Vernon, Thompson v 33

Naylor, Little Miami It. B. v 145

Nesmith, Cincinnati College v 124

Newark v. Elliott 238

Newark v. Funk 47

Nicholson, Pirn v 34

Niles Works v. Cincinnati 212

Nist, Canton v 33

Noble, Henshaw v 144

Northern Indiana B. B. v. Connolly 181

O'Hara, Leonard v 190

Ohio Life & Trust Co., Chambers' Adm'r v. GO

Ohio & Mississippi B. B. v. Sargent 28, 121

Ohio v. Peabody 27

Oviatt, Steese v 190, 203

Oviatt, Upington v 34, 190, 203

Parker v. Cincinnati 426

Parrott v. C. H. & D. B. B 143

Patterson, Burns v. 184

Peabody, Ohio v 27

Pease, Dayton v 17

Pearce, Miller v 51, 103, 172

Pendleton St. B. B. v. Cincinnati 123, 139

Penqnite v. Lawrenie 137

penny, Cincinnati v 141, 214

Perrysburg, Fosdick v 2

Phifer v. Cox Ill

Pierson v. Canal Co 134

Pirn v. Nicholson 27, 34

Pinto v. The State 102

P. Ft. W.iC. B. B.v. Maurer 133, 171

P. Ft. W. & C. B. B v. Todd 136

poland v. Connelly 152

Potts v. Cincinnati 177

Potter v. Bnrnell 374

Potter, W'elker v 198

Powers v. Comm'rs Wood Co 243

Prentice, C. & T. B. B. v 172

Prescott v. The State 78

Procter & Gamble v. Cincinnati 211, 213

Pugh, Bogers v 27

Ramsey v. Biley 18



PAGE.

Bea v.Smith 09>

Beckn-r v. Wainer 19*

Beed, Barrett v 27

Seed v. Toledo 182

Beeves v. Treasurer Wood Co 181

Beynolds v. Hammond 184

Reynolds v. Schweinefus 106

Reynolds v. Comm'rs Stark Co 3, 145

Rhodes v. Cleveland 222

Rice, Cincinnati v 33-

Richards, Zanesville. v 232

Richland Township, The State ex rel. v.... Cf>

Ridenour v. Saffin 140

Riley, Ramsey v 18

Roberts v. Easton 124

Rogers v. Pugh 27

Rosebaugh v. Saffin 37

Ruffin v. Huddleson 03-

Rya.n v. Cincinnati 183

Evan, Seel en v 134

Saffin, Bidenour v 140

Saffin, Bosenbaush v 37

Sargent v. O. & M. B. B 28, 121

Satchellv. Doram 130

Schoonmaker v. Cincinnati 238

Schweinefus, Beynolds v 166

Scott, Creifrhton v 181

Scott, ex parte 53

Scovillev. Cleveland 29, 101

Scovill v. Giddings 20, 1 Vl

Scully v. Ackemeyer 189"

Scully V.Cincinnati 182, 20!)

Seegar v. Harrison 140

Seetcn v. Ryan 134

Sessions v. Crunkilton 199

Sherlock v. Cincinnati 97

Shillito v. Cincinnati 140

Slocomb, Marietta v 189

Smith v. Cincinnati 34, 51, 121 ,142

Smith v. Hueston 145

Smith, Bea v 09

Smith v. Toledo LSI, 199-

Southard, Stewart v 20

State v. Barker 203

State v. Bowman 27

State ex rel. v. Cincinnati 1, 90, 242

State ex rel. v. Cincinnati Gas Co 28, 127

State ex rel. v. C. &. I. B. B 175-

State ex rel. v. Comm'rs Hamilton Co 195

State ex rel. v. Cook, 21

State v. Dillingham 53

State ex rel. v. Davis 90

State ex rel. v. Faran 289

State v. Findlay 27

State ex rel. v. Flinn 31

State v. Kriedler 21

State ex rel. v. Liberty Township 29, 40

State Prescott v 78

State v. Pinto 102

State ex rel. v. Bichland Township GO



CASES CITED.



XV



PAGE.

State ex rel. v. Taylor 31

State ex rel. t. Ward 158

State v. Wightman 37

State ex rel. v. Wi.kesville Township 30

State ex rel. v. Yeatman 196

Steese v. Oviatt 190

Sterley'a Arliu'rs v. Zanesville 103

Steubenville v. King 134

Stewart v. Southard 20

Stevens, McLaughlin v 136

Stone v. Cincinnati 17

Storrs Township R. K. v. Cincinnati 139

Strader, Boeres v 203

Strader v. Cincinnati 132

Strang, ex parte 55

Street Railway Companies v. Cincinnati... 123

Strollman v. Hutchins 138, 184

Taylor v. Bailey 138

Taylor, Bonte v 193

Taylor v. Comm'rs Ross Co 378

Taylor, State ex rel. v 31

Terry v. C. C. & C. R. R 20, 213

Thomas v. Ashland 54

Thomas v. Mt. Vernon 37

Thompson v. Mt. Vernon 33

Todd v. Pittsburg & Ft. W. R. R 136

Toledo v. Butler 1S8

Toledo, Creighton v 183

Toledo, Directors Infirmary v 158

Toledo, Harbeck v 173

Toledo, Hubbard v 63

Toledo, Reed v 182

Toledo, Smith v 182, 199

Toledo, Welker v 183



Treasurer Wood Co., Reeves v 181

Trustees Blind Asylum, Beaver v 105, 173

Upington v. Oviatt 34, 190, 192, 203

Vandyke v. Cincinnati CO, 141

Voorhees, Conwell v 18

Waddel, Glenn v 206

Walker v. Cincinnati 185, 376

Ward v. Marietta Co 172

Ward, State ex rel. v 158

Warner, Reckner v 198

Wasem v. Cincinnati 34

Water Co., Cincinnati v 27, 33

Welker v. Potter 198

Welker v. Toledo 183

Wells v. McLaughlin 135

West, McCracken v 176

Westerhaven v. Cline 27

Western Medical College v. Cleveland. ...17, 65

Wewell v. Cincinnati 175

Wheeler v. Cincinnati 19, 65, 100

Whitacre, Little Miami R. R. v 143

White v. Kent 140

Wick, Cleveland v 188

Wightman v. The State 37

Wilkesville Township, State ex rel. v 30

Williams v. First Prss. Church 135

Winslow, Hoffman v 185

Wisby v. Bonte 135

Wood, Mcllvaine v 144

Veatman, The State ex rel. v 196

Zanesville, Buckmaster v 23

Zanesville v. Richards ". 232

Zanesville, Sterley's Adm'r v 103

Zinn, C. & I. R. R. v 175



THE MUNICIPAL CODE OF 1869,



AS AMENDED.



An Act to provide for tlie organization and government of municipal corpo-
rations.

Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of Ohio, as follows :

PEELIMINAEY PEOVISION.

Section 1. Application to all municipal corporations. All muni-
cipal corporations in this state now existing, or which may here-
after be created, shall be governed by the provisions of this act,
and the territorial limits and wards of existing municipal corpora-
tions shall remain as they now are until changed in the manner
herein provided. 1 [S & C, p. 1493, sec. 1.]



CHAPTEE I.



CLASSIFICATION OF MUNICIPAL CORPORATIONS.



Section

2. Classification.

3. Cities of first class.

4. Cities of second class.

5. Villages.



Section

6. Villages for special purposes.

7. Population requisite for cities and vil-

lages.

8. Bodies politic and corporate.



Sec 2. Classification. Municipal corporations shall be divided
into cities of the first class, cities of the second class, incorporated

1 Under the restrictive and mandatory provisions of the first and sixth sec-
tions of the thirteenth article of the constitution of 1851, the general assembly
can not, by a special act, create a corporation, nor can it, by special act, confer



2 CLASSIFICATION OF MUNICIPAL CORPORATIONS.

villages, and incorporated villages for special purposes. [S. & C,
y. 1508, sec. 40.]

Sec 3. Cities of the first class. All existing municipal corpora-
tions, organized as cities of the first class, shall be deemed cities of
the first class.

Sec. 4. Cities of the second class. All existing municipal corpo-
rations, organized as cities of the second class, shall be deemed
•cities of the second class until advanced to the grade of cities of
-the first class, in the manner provided in this act.

Sec. 5. Villages. All existing municipal corporations, organ-
ized as incorporated villages, shall be deemed incorporated villages
until advanced to the grade of cities of the second class, in the
manner provided in this act.

Sec. 6. Villages for special purposes. All existing municipal cor-
porations, organized as special road districts, shall be deemed in-
corporated villages for special purposes until advanced to the grade
of incorporated villages, in the manner provided in this act.

Sec. 7. [As amended, April 20, 1871, G8 L. 73, and May 3, 1873,
70 L. 252.] Requisite population of cities and villages. No city of
the second class shall be advanced to the grade of a city of the first
■class until it shall have attained a population of twenty thousand ;



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