2: Andrew McGlonc — Frances Morris
4 : Arch*^ Thompson — Hannah Bartholomew
V;™ Preston— Elizabeth Scott
5: Philip Benezet — Sarah Aries
10 : Dan' McPherson— ^larg' Calls
Benj, "Whitaker — Dilley Snowden
11: Sam. McKinstry — Martha Evans
12: Owen McCarty — Eliz. Dorsey
Rob' Brewton — Eleanor Foy
14: John James — Edith Eaton
Ja^ Sutter — Catherine Smith
Walter ISIotley — Mary Pawling
John Palmer — Tacy Roberts
16: Dan' Buxton — Catherine Fling
James Kendall — Sarah Randell
18: Sam Prior— Eliz. Gilbert
19: John Brown — Ann Sears
20: William Xeely — Eliz. Thompson
Geo. Harding— Mary Nelson
21 : William Biles — Hannah Kirkbride
27: W° McEwen — Rebecca Bruce
Pennsylvania Marriage Licenses. 439
3 : Ezekiali HutchiDson — Eleanor Miller
9: Cha^ Tennant— Catherine Galbreath
12: David Hoiilton — ]Mary Blaucli
W" Boggs— Sarah Mclntire
39: John Shaw — A Ques Ferguson
21 : ^\^ Fnllerton— Mary Skillman
23 : Alex^ Guy— Ann Davis
24: Joshua Comly — Catherine AYillet
26: Geo. Syng — Hannah Hauce
29: Cornelius Conollv — Hannah Collins
30: Philip Clirne— Mary AVhite
4: John Smith — Deborah AYaggoner
5 : Edward Hunt — Ann Watson
Ernst ]\fange — Mary Sommer
David Crawford — Lydia Lloyd
Heniy Buck — Elizabeth Kirts
6: Alex Mclntosli — Ann Shields
7 : Joseph Norris — Hannali Wood
Mich' Davenport — Marv Cammel
8: John Gill— Sarah Hazell
11 : Sam' Checseinan — Sarah Tennent
13: John Edwards — Margaret Brown
Edward Williams — Abigail Lloyd
Jehu Wood — Mary Kimsev
35: Tho= Shortle— Jane Mitchell
16: 11^ Sinnett— Mary Shinn
18: Alexander S' Clair — Elizabeth Cammel
Jacob Hill — Mary Anderson
Hiram Gihon — Sarah Delany
19: Thomas Castle — Margaret Honeygroat
21: David Kinsey — Ga}Tior Bartholomew
1 : John Preston — Catherine Cammel
2: John Thompson — Kuth Legit
John Calder — Judah Huston
George Eulleiion — Marg'^ Blair
John McGouisk — Ann Cary
440 Pennsi/Ivania Marriage Licenses.
3: William Evitt— Eliz. Palmer
John Bovd — Sarah Miller
Eobert Dill— Margaret Stall
AN'illiam Mclntosli — Jane ^Morrison
4 : W' Jones — Jane lieeuey
Christopher Bumberry— Mary Stoops
5: John ]\Ioreton — Sarah Midwinter
6: Henry Dickson- — Kebccca Kobinet
9: Henry I?obinsou — Eebecea Garrigiies
Alex. McMieh' — Margaret Johnson
10: Eobert Smith— Sarah Tucker
11 : Caspar Weest — Marv Bacer
Bodo Otto— :\Iaria Paris
13: John Crosby — Eliz. Culin
William Dunn— Bridget AVigmire
16: William Logan — ^Marg*- Sterling-
Dan' Darrel— Martha Sutton
17: Tho^ Tomldn— Eliz. Collister
20: Jos Patton— Marg^ Meyer
25: W-^ Enrnis— Marg^ Holmes
Anth^ Martin — Marv Paine
27 : Xich= Vandegrift— Abigail Ward
29: Jn° King — Mary Turner
30: Persifor Frazer — Marv Worrel Tavlor
1 : Baltzer Cole— Elizabeth Eeily
Ja' Fitzsimmons — Ann Beard
Joel Zane — Hester Scull
4: W" Price — Rebecca Jobs
6: Henry Louttit — Jane ]\Iouret
8 : Patrick Lesley — !\Iary Dyer
Niclf Vallance — Marv Williamson
9: Law. Brant— Cath. Bidel
Sam. Jackson — Sarah Vote
10: Parian McEarlan— Eliz. Wood
14: Neal Leviston — Cath. Mc^ruUeu
15: Caleb Hewes — Deborah Potts
16 : Jn"" Willday — Susaima ^Montgomery
20: W"" Ismaster — Mary Stinson
Duncan jMc^Mullen — Catherine ^lontgomery
21: Humphry Pobinson — ^faiy Cockle
Pennsylvania Marriage Licenses. 44-1
22: Hug-li Stevenson — Eebecca Craig
Geo: Tallman — Mary Chambers
Herman Vausaut — Catherine Hogehmd
23: .Arthur Gordon — Susanna Decouv
25: Tho= Mason— PraciHa Sysom
29: Abraham Tuley — Hannah Slicer
30: Adam Gilbert — Mary Zieuining
Isaac Leseone — Hannah Xoarth
31 : John Iwyer — Mary Eiall
1: Joseph Perkins — Elizabeth Clare
Levin Hall — Christiana Hopman
Morts OBrian — Elizabeth Bacon
3: W^ Mcllvaiue— Margaret Cross
Jacob Snyder — Eliz. Sickle
4: John Havis — Marv Cornoo-
Hugh Xevin— Sarah Todd"
5: Paul McCarty — Kissander Williams
6 : Fred : Lauderbrun — Eleanor Thompson
W'" Chambers — Henrietta Cozens
10: John Lamburgh — Sarah Mentzer
11: Francis Senner — Mary Harding
12: Joseph Vanpelt — Charity Bennet
13 : "Will Craig — Jane Barclay
Thomas Thompson — Eliz. Maxwell
17: Luke Sheild— Eebecca Eobinson
18: Joseph Ornado — Catherine ^Menele
25: Fred. Stuber— Elizabeth Cook
26 : Seth Mathick— Mary Shute
27: George Claj-k — Ann Sutor
Will. Todd— Ann
ing or not, depends entirely upon the prices. If great
bargains are to be had, I would supply myself agree-
ably to the list. If the prices do not fall below a cheap
retail sale, I would decline them altogether, or take such
articles only (if cheaper than common) as are marked
in the ^Margin of the Invoice.
Before October, if none of these goods are previously
sold, and if they are the matter will be ascertained
thereby, you will be able to form a judgment of the
prices they will command, by Vendue. Upon informa-
tion of which I will deposit the money in your hands
to comply with the terms of the Sale.
Since I began this letter I have been informed that
good India Nankeens are selling at Dumfries (not far
from me) at 7/6 a p% this Curr^ But if my memory
has not failed me, I used to import them before the War
for about 5/. Ster^. If so, though 50 p C is a small
advance upon India Goods, through a British Channel,
(with the duties & accumulated charges thereon) yet,
quare would not 7/6 be a high price for Nankeens
brought inomediately from India, exempted from such
460 Letters from Ferdinand J. Dreer Collection.
duties & Charges? If this is a conjecture founded in
fairness, it will give my ideas of the prices of other
articles from that Country, i^- be a government for your
conduct therein, at, or before the day appointed for the
public Vendue. "With the highest esteem and regard
I am— D - Sir
y Affect^ friend and
Obed^ H'''^ Serv*
Tench Tilghman Esq. G" Washington
Invoice of Goods to be purchased, by Tench Tilgh-
man Esq"" on Acc^ of George Washington, agreeably to
the letter accompanying this, of equal date.
A sett of tlie best Xankin Table China.
Ditto, best Evening China Cups & Saucers.
*A set of large blue & White China
Dishes — say half a doz"" more or less.
*1 Doz° small bowls — blue & white.
*6 Wash hand Guglets & Basons.
6 large Mugs — or 3 Mugs & 3 Jugs.
A Quart' Chest, hest Hyson Tea.
A Leagure of Battavia Arrack
if a Leagure is not large.
*About 13 y*^' of good bla : Paduasoy.
*A p' of line Muslin — plain.
*1 p^ of Silk Handkerchiefs.
12 p^ of the best Xankeeus.
18 p^ of the second quality — or coarsest kind — for
17"* Aug^ 1785. G° Washington.
George Washington to John Francis Mercer.
y., o- Mount Vernon 30"^ Jan^ 1786.
The letter which you dropped for me at Alexandria
I have received. If you can make it convenient to lodge
the money in the hands of any person at that place, it
• With the badge of the Society of the Cincinnati — if to be had.
Letters from Ferdinand J. Dreer Collection. 461
would oblige me. I lie quite out of the liue of op})or-
timities to Anuapolis — and to send there on purpose,
would cost me 2^, or perhaps 5 p C" to fetch it.
If M"" Pine, the Portrait Painter, should still be at
Annapolis (which is scarcely to be expected) you would
oblige me by paying him Twenty Guineas, and Sixteen
dollars; and his receipt for these sums, will be equal
to that much of the £200 promised me. If he should
have left Annapolis, I will remit the money to him
M'"' AVashington joins me in compliments to M''
Mercer — ^Ye shall always be glad to see you both at
this place on your rout to or from Annapolis. My best
resjDects attend M"" Spriggs family.
I am— D^ Sir
Y^ obed^ H^'^ Serv^
George Wasliington to Edward Rutledge.
Philadelphia Dec"" 15'^ 1790
My dear Sir,
I will make no apology for introducing the bearer,
CoP John Trumbull to your friendship and civilities.
You will find him worthy of both.
Edw'' Putledge Esq"" G° Washington
George Washington to Thomas Johnson.
Philadelphia July 14"^ 1791.
Without preface, or apology for propounding the fol-
lowing question to you — at this time — permit me to ask
you with frankness, and in the fullness of friendship,
whether you will accept of an appointment in the Su-
preme Judiciary of the United States?
M"" Eutledge's resignation has occasioned a vacancv
462 Letters from Ferdinand J. Dreer Collection.
therein wliidi I should be glad to see filled by you. Your
answer to this question by the Post (wliich is the most
certain mode of conveying letters) as soon as you can
make it convenient, will very much oblige
Your most Obedient &;
The Hon*''^ G° Washington
Tho^ Johnson Esq""
George Washington to Col. Burgess Ball.
German Town 24^^ Nov^ 1793.
I have duly received your letter of the 16"* Instant,
In answer to which, respecting the purchase of Buck
"WTieat, I send you a Bank note for two hundred dollars ;
being more disposed to give two & six pence p"" Bushel
in Loudoun than depend upon the purchase here, the
uncertainty of getting it round in time. A^Tiat the
Waggonage of it to my house from thence (as fast as
it is bought, for that I make a condition, in order that
no disappoi)ttment may happen) will be, I know not; but
with a view to place the matter upon an absolute cer-
tainty I had rather give three & six pence for it, de-
livered at jlount Vernon, than encounter delay, or trust
to contingencies ; because, as it forms part of my sys-
tem of Husbandry for the next year, a derangement of
it would be a serious thing; for which reason, a small
difference in the price can be no object when placed
against the disconcertion of my plans : especially too,
as I am persuaded you vrill purchase, & transport the
B AMi' for me on the best terms you can.
Four hundred & fifty bushels, or call it 500, is the
quantity I shall want ; and more money shall be sent to
you as soon as I know your prospects, and the expendi-
tures of v/hat is now foiT.^arded. For the reason I
Letters from Ferdinand J. Dreer Collection. 4C3
have already assigued, I must encounter no disappoint-
ment; if therefore your prospects (as you proceed in
this business) are not so flattering as those detailed in
your letter, inform me of it in time, that I may supply
my self from hence before the frost sets in.
The malady ^rith which Philadelp^ has been sorely
afflicted has, it is said, entirely ceased; and all the Citi-
zens are returning to their old habitations again. I
took a house in this town when I first arrived here, &
shall retain it until Congress get themselves fixed ; altho
I spend part of my time in the City.
Give my love to M" Ball k Milly and be assured of
the sincere esteem and regard with which I am,
Tour Affect^ Serv'
CoP B. Ball G° Washington
George Washington to David Stuart.
Mount Vernon 13^" Aug' 1798.
If you, or W' Stuart could, by indirect means, dis-
cover the State of Washington Custis' mind, it would
be to be wished. He appears to me to be moped &
stupid — says nothing — and is always in some hole or
corner excluded from Company. Before he left Annap-
olis, he wrote to me desiring to know whether he was
to return there, or not, that he might pack up accord-
ingly. I answered, that I was astonished at the ciues-
tion! and that it appeared to me that nothing that could
be said to him had the least etiect, or left an impression
beyond the moment. Whether this, by thwarting his
views, is the cause of his present behaviour, I know
not. Enclosed his letter &: my answer, to be returned
when read. We are as usual; and unite in best regards
for you ^M"^ Stuart and the family.
I am — Dear Sir
Y' Obed'- & affect^
David Stuart Escp G° Washington.
4:64: Letters from Ferdinand J. Dreer Collection.
General Nathaniel Greene to Major Kearse.
Westpoint July 28tli 1779.
I am inforuied a lai'ge Magazine is forming at Pomp-
ton. This is expressly contrary to General AVasliing-
tons orders as it lies expos 'd to a sudden movement of
the Enemy. You will therefore exert your self to get
it on to Mr Holts as fast as it arrives at Pompton, and
if you cannot get it on as fast as it comes foi-ward to
that place, vnite to Morris to Mr Lewis not to hasten
it on any faster than it can be got forward to the Mouth
of the Clove. L«t me hear from you on this subject as
soon as possible.
I am sir
-Major Kearse Nath Greene
General Nathaniel Greene to Governor
Th omas Jeffc rs on.
N° C. High Eockford Feb^' 29'^^ 1781.
I had the honor of receiving a Letter from your
Excellency by Major Maggill, dated the th, ins\ It
would give me satisfaction to furnish the Gentleman
with such intelligence as might be interesting to you,
but there is such a necessity for secrecy to forward the
operations of an Army that it will be utterly impossible
to furnish him with facts in time to make them impor-
tant. Should any thing turn up at any time, that im-
mediately concerns the policy of Virginia I shall do
myself the honor to write to you, or send it through
the chanel of Major ^Maggill as circumstances may be.
We have had an active and difficult campaign so far,
Letters from Ferdinand J. Dreer Collection. 465
but it has been, as yet, greatly to our advantage. The
Enemy liave suffered iu several little skirmishes, and
I do not know that we have met with one disaster. On
the Night of the l!4th Col° McCall surprised a Sul)-
alterns Guard at Harts ^lill, killed 8 and wounded and
took 9 Prisoners. On the 25th Gen' Pickens and Lieut.
CoP Lee routed a Body of near 300 Tories on the Haw
River, who were in Arms to join the British Araiy.
They made a most dreadful carnage of them; upwards
of 100 were killed, and most of the rest cut to pieces.
It has had a very happy effect on those disalfected
Persons, of which there are too many in this Country.
I must now take this opportunity of reminding your
Excellency of the Cloathing which that part of the Vir-
ginia Line that is out here, have been in long expecta-
tion of. Many of them are so ragged that it is painful
to exact common duty of them. Even those of the last
detachment who had short Jackets given them are in a
distressed situation, from the Jackets being made so
bad. The Shoulders of them were not lyned, and the
rubbing of the Musquet lias worn them to pieces. I
trust your Excellency will make use of every means to
furnish them as soon as possible. You cannot be a
stranger to the necessity of Troops being well clad to
do the necessary duties of CamjD.
I have the honor to be with great respect
Your mo : ob' h*''" sei*v^
Governor Jefferson Xath Greene
Genercd Xathaniel Greene to Governor Thomas Nelson.
Head Quarters, high Hills of Sautee
July 18th 1781.
I beg kave to congratulate your Excellency upon
your late appointment, which reflects the highest honor
upon you as it affords a full disi:)lay of the confidence
Vol. XL.— 30
4G6 Letters from Ferdinand J. Dreer Collection.
of the People iu your abilities, zeal, and integrity from
their having turned their attention to you alone in the
hour of common danger. I have not the honor of your
acquaintance, but I beg you to be persuaded that I have
the highest respect for your character. It must be con-
fest you have an arduous task, but I flatter myself you
have resources equal to tlie undertaking.
In civil government it very often happens that the
People cannot be brought into measures necessary to
promote their true interest, untill they are convinced
by suffering. The late misfortunes in Virginia I hope
will be improved to bring them into measures necessary
for their better security. The public calamities have
been sometimes encreased from unproper jealousies
and distrusts between tlie civil and Military. In con-
templating your character it affords me peculiar satis-
faction that both the Citizen and Soldier are happily
united in it; and that you will be no less attentive to
one than to the other, which alone can give permanent
support to both. The very great respect I have for
civil government, and the high estimation I hold the
rights of a Citizen, I persuade myself will forever pre-
serve me from any improper conduct respecting either;
and where the contrary seems to appear the x^^^blic
safety will be found to be the object of the measure.
The earl}' attention I paid to A'irginia in xjrocuring
the return of the Marquis de la Fayette, and the force
I left under his command I hope will convince your
State that I made them the first object of my attention.
It is true their sufferings have been considerable, but
I flatter myself it will appear to have been unavoidable.
The appointment and conduct of the Marquis de la
Fayette I persuade myself cannot but meet with your
warmest approbation, as it is evident he has done much
more than could have been expected from his little force
in a Country, the Geography of which was so much
Letters from Ferdinand J. Drecr Collection. 467
The weak state of your Line in this quarter and the
late European imtelligence, added to the probable meas-
ures the Enemy will take in consequence thereof, render
it absolutely necessary that you fill your ranks as soon
as possible. As the struggle increases here, necessity
vnll oblige me to call reinforcements from the North-
ward, and I hope you will be prepared to afford them.
1 shall transmit you a state of your Line liere as soon as
possible, that you may have the clearest evidence to
lay before the Assembly, to convince them how far
short they are of their proportion of ]\Ien in the field
necessary for the common defence.
I wrote to Governor Jefferson an account of the rais-
ing tlie siege of Ninety Six, and the cause thereof.
Since which we have obliged the Enemy to evacuate it,
and they are now at Orangeburg. Our distress and
sufferings can only be realised by those who have equal
difficulties to encounter, and equal hardships to endure.
Support the Army and that will support government,
but without be assured all will fall together.
I have the honor to be with the greatest resj^ect
most obedient and
most humble serv*
His ExceP Nath Greene
General Edward Hand to Richard Henry Lee, Richard
Law and Daniel Roherdeau.
Fort Pitt 2r' dec^ 1777.
Before the arrival of your favour of the 2-i^ Ocf —
I had gone from this place to Fort Randolph, from
whence I did not return uutill Yesterday, which pre-
vented my complying with your order sooner. Tlie
report of Col. George Morgan's being arrested here
468 Letters from Ferdinand J. Drccr Collection.
was well founded, — the Express (a Militia Officer) who
brought the enclosed Letter from Col. Zack Morgan
informed some of his Acquaintance in Town, that the
principal People here concerned in the Conspiracy,
were Col. Geo. Morgan, Col. John Campbell, Capt.
Alex"" M'^Kee & Simon Girty, and that the Reason they
were not pointed out in the Letter was, that, I was
myself suspected. From this Information I judged it
prudent to secure these Persons to prevent their escap-
ing the Punislunent they deser\^ed, if Guilty, and to
repair myself to where Col. Zack. Morgan was, to sift
the affair to the Bottom. Col. Campbell before he had
learned my Intention of arresting him, waited on me,
and desired Permission to accompany me, which I
agreed to, & told Col. George ^lorgan he might have the
same Liberty, which he declined, being then, he said
very busie, and remained a Prisoner in his own House.
Capt. M^'Kee was sent for to his FaiTU House & confined
in the same Place, and Simon Girty to the Common
Guard House. I was present at the Examination of
the greatest Nuinber of the Prisoners, and learned from
the Magistrates who examined the whole, that no more
than one Man mentioned Col. George Morgan's Name,
his Expression was, that he allowed him to be their
party, some few of them mentioned Girty 's Name, but
none of them either Col. Campbell's or Capt. M'^Kee's,
for this Reason on my Return I took off Col. Morgan's
Arrest, — Simon Girty was examined before a Civil
Magistrate and acquitted, «S: Capt. M'^Kee I put on a
new parole, after obtaining the old one from the Co^''
Court. His Parole I have enclosed to the Board of
"War, and wait the Direction of Congress as to his
future Residence. The remarks made in the enclosed
Letter by Capt. Arbuckle, on M'^Kee's Conduct, tho'
coming (in my opinion) from a bad Author, knowing
her to have an implacable Hatred to the Woman who
Letters from Ferdinand J. Dreer Collection. 469
lived with ]\PKee, may yet have some weight with Con-
gress. The same Person was at Fort Eaudolph, wlien
I left it the 21^' ult^ She assured me that M'^Kee had
written Letters to Detroit. I mention these Circum-
stances to your Honhle Committee, as I think them
api^lieahle to the present Subject, c^ by that you may
also communicate them to Congress. Col. Geo. Morgan
left the place in a few days after my first Arrival here,
& did not return untill about the 25"" of July, he staid
untill the Beginning of Ocf since when he has been
absent. I recollect that the day after he arrived here,
in July he told me, he would cross the River to talk
with the Indians then waiting to see him, & probably
not return that Xight. As I had confined the day or
two before two Indians, I judged it unsafe, and advised
hun against it, but he still persisted, early next Morn-
ing I understood he lay at Capt. McKees, on his Eeturn
told him what I heard, he said it was so, & that he had
a Conference with the Shawanee Indians, who was his
Interpreter I don't know. Certain it is, that he can't
discourse in that or any other Indian Language. Ex-
cept this part his Conduct may be found exception-
able. I must declare in Justice to him, that every
Proceeding of his, that came to my Knowledge, either
as Indian Agent, or Commissary, appeared to me, to be
that of a Zealous and faithful Serv^ to the United
States. I should have made early mention of his Arrest,
but as it is on a groundless Assertion, I wished to have
it buried in Oblivion.
I am Gent"'
With much Eespect '
Y' most Obed' Hble Serv'
To The Honble
Pich*^ Henry Lee
Rich'' Law & Dan^
470 Letters from Ferdinand J. Drcer Collection.
General Williaui Ueafli to Governor John JJancoch.
Headquarters, Contiuental village,
October 24, 1781.
I have this moment received a letter from head
quarters in Virginia, dated the 12^^^ instant, from which
I give you the following particulars, viz. — That on the
6"* instant the trenches were opened and the approaches
carried within COO yards of the enemy's works without
being discovered until day light, and without loss. The
7^ and 8*^ were employed in erecting batteries. On the
9^*" two batteries, one on the right and the other on the
left were opened. The next morning four others being
completed, the whole opened a hea^y fire of cannon and
mortars, which soon became so warm as to drive the
enemy from their guns. Their fire was almost totally
silenced, and very little return made afterwards.
The Charron of 4-4 guns, with one transport, took
fire from our shot or shells the evening of the 10^^ and
were both consumed. The 11'^ another ship was de-
stroyed in the same manner.
On the night of the 11"" the second paralel was ad-
vanced within less than 400 yards of the enemy's lines.
This approach was also effected without annoyance,
and tlic morning of the 12''^'^ the fatigue men were se-
curely covered while they were completing their work.
The foregoing is from the best authority.
This moment we have a report that Lord CornwalHs
surrendered with his whole army on the 17"". This is
said to have come to the governor of Maryland from
the count de Grasse who, the report says, had taken all
his troops on board, and had gone to sea to meet
Admiral Digbj' — who with twenty-five sail of the line,
two or three 50 and two or three of 40 guns, twelve
frigates and several fire-ships, with sir Henry Clinton
with four or five thousand picked troops, left Sandy