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Biographical review of Henry County, Iowa, containing biographical and genealogical sketches of many of the prominent citizens of to-day and also of the past .. online

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ship in a dry goods store. In the fall of
the same year, however, he removed to
Madison, Indiana, where he embarked in
the dry goods business on his own ac-
count. He afterward came to Iowa, set-
tling about two and a half miles from
Mount Pleasant, in Henry county, where
he purchased a farm, and there he lived
for seven vears as a successful agricultur-
ist. Removing from the farm to Mount
Pleasant, he opened a grocery store on the
south side of the square, which he con-
ducted for about two years, part of which
time he was in partnership with George
B. Okell, and then removed to North
Main street, where he carried on the same
business for twenty-one years in one build-
ing, which he purchased and remodeled in
1 87 1, and which is still known as the
Twinting store. Prosperity attended his
labors, and he had a large patronage, his
extensive sales bringing him a gratifying
annual income. On account of failing
health, however, he sold out to the firm of
Hackney & Speer, of Fairfield. After a
time, Mr. Speer withdrew and later Mr.
Hackney sold the store to Mr. Duncan,
who is now proprietor, while Theodore
Twinting, son of our subject, yet owns the
building. Mr. Twinting was one of the
stockholders of the First National Bank,
and was a quiet, retired business man,
whose influence, however, was a potent
factor for the maintenance of a high
standard of commercial ethics.

In 1846 Mr. Twinting was married to


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Miss Catherine Thompson, of Madison,
Indiana, who died in i860, leaving one
son, Theodore F. Twinting, who is en-
gaged in the grocery business in Pasadena,
CaHfornia. He married Regina Bird,
third daughter of Dr. WelHngton Bird,
whose history appears on another page of
this work. They have three daughters
and one son, Catherine, Bertha, Sarah and
George. In September. 1861, Mr. Twint-
ine was aarain married, his second union
being with Mrs. Jane Schwenker, the
widow of Wihiam Schwenker, of Cincin-
nati, Ohio. Mr. and Mrs. Twinting had
one child, Ida May, still at home. Mrs.
Jane Twinting was born near Bremen.
Hanover, Germany, November 5, 1825. a
daughter of John F. and Anna Bruning.
Her parents were agriculturists, he
being one of the literary men of his neigh-
borhood. In 1837 Mr. and Mrs. Bruning,
with their family of five children, came to
the United States. They located in Cin-
cinnati, Ohio. There Mr. Bruning died
in 1849, and the mother made her home
with her daughter, now Mrs. Twinting.
Jane Bruning received her education in
Cincinnati, and there married William
Schwenker, who at that time was in busi-
ness with J. M. Bradstreet. the founder
of the well known Bradstreet commercial
agency. There they made their home till
the death of Mr. Schwenker July 9. 1850,
leaving two children, Emma L. and Wil-
liam, who died a few years later. Soon
after the death of her husband Mrs.
Schwenker removed with her family to
Madison, Indiana, where she continued to
reside till her marriage.

The family have occupied their present
residence at the corner of East Washing-

ton and Harrison streets since 1870. They
have a beautifully located old homestead,
which was remoledel by Mr. Twinting
soon after its purchase.

Mr. Twinting voted with the Republican
party, and was an ardent advocate of its
principles, but not an active politician. He
held membership in the Episcopal church,
in which he was deeply interested, serving
as senior warden at the time of his death.
He passed away September 10. 1893, and
was buried in Forest Home cemetery.
There was no resident of Mount Pleasant
who more fully enjoyed the confidence of
the people or more richly deserved the es-
teem in which he was held. Honorable in
business life and in citizenship, charitable
in. thought, kindly. in action, given to gen-
'erous hospitality, true to every trust con-
fided to his care, his life was a high type
of Christian manhood.


The modern newspaper demands both
business skill and intellectual ability in its
management. Especially is this true of
those publications that are somewhat met-
ropolitan in their character, and undertake
to enforce ideas and advance policies as
well as to disseminate the news. The edi-
torial profession is a field where charac-
ter, ability, and integrity are factors of
success in no small degree ; and he who
occupies the editorial chair largely sways
the destiny of the country. And while it is
true he may not far outrun public opinion,



still he leads. Day after day, and week
after week, he leads, exhorts and entreats,
and gradually the people follow him.
They respect his moral character, yield to
his fei-vid appeals, and adopt his opinions
as their own.

A striking- illustration of the editor at
his best estate is presented in the life his-
tory and personal character of the man
whose name introduces this article. Mr.
Throop, who was until very recently the
owner and editor of the Mount Pleasant
Free Press, enjoys more than a local repu-
tation as a master of the editorial art. His
thought is clear and deep, his style mod-
eled upon the masters, and admirably cal-
culated to impress his readers, while his
English is pure and simple. He has taken
a very high rank in his chosen profession
and is popular in the community.

James Addison Throop was born in
Madison county, New York. December 7.
1835. He can trace his ancestry back not
only to men who won prominence and re-
nown during the Revolution and during
the earlier colonial days, but also to men
of the nobility and makers of history in
England. The original family name was
not Throop, but Scrope. the family in
earlier times holding a barony. The coat
of arms of the ancient house was as fol-
lows : The crest, a naked arm grasping
a coiled serpent, on a shield of red and
silver. The baronies of Scrope became
extinct in 1630. The beginnings of the
family in America date back to the year
1660. In that year Adrian Scrope, son
of Adrian Scrope, the regicide, who was
executed at Charing Cross in 1660, fled
to Hartford, Connecticut, where he
changed his name to William Throop.

Later he removed to Barnstable, and in
1680, to Bristol, Rhode Island. He had
a wife and five children. One of his sons
was named William Throop, and he was
the father of Dan Throop, to whom, by
his wife Deborah, was born William
Throop, the third of the name. This Wil-
liam married Susannah Carey, and they
had a son Dan, who won honor in the
Revolutionary war. He held a commis-
sion as captain of light horse under Elijah
Hyde. A significant detail that throws
light on one of the family traits of these
Throops of the early days is a proverb that
was current in Lebanon, Connecticut,
W'here several members of the family
lived. It was, "You may lead a Throop
with a twine thread, but you can never
drive one."

Dan Throop, of Revolutionary fame,
married Rachel Terry, and they had a
son Dan, the grandfather of our subject,
who was born in 1777. His son, George
A., father of James A. Throop, whose life
record we are presenting, lived in New
York when James A. was born, but spent
the later years of his life in Chicago,
where he was engaged in the lumber busi-
ness until the time of his death, in 1849.
His wife was Deborah Goldsmith.

In the maternal line, Mr. Throop's an-
cestors were Scotch and English. His
mother, Deborah (Goldsmith) Throop,
was the daughter of Richard G. and Ruth
(Miner) Goldsmith. Richard Goldsmith
was the son of John and Deborah (Terry)

Mr. Throop. enjoyed educational ad-
^'antages that were exceptional in that
day, and that are far above those given to
the majority of men today. He received



his education at Hamilton. New York,
first in the Hamilton Academy, then com-
pleting' his work in ^ladison University
at that place. On completing- his educa-
tion, he came west, going in 1855 to
Galesburg, Illinois, where he went into
business for one year. In 1856 he came
to Mount Pleasant, Iowa, and spent the
next six years with Cole Brothers, selling
lightning rods and pumps. At the end of
this period he went into business for him-
self, worked for the following se\-en years
at the same business, adding to it a retail
and later a wholesale hardware business.
In 1872 he. in company with Edwin
Van Cise, purchased from Dr. D. ^^^ Rob-
inson the plant of the Free Press, of
Mount Pleasant, Mr. Van Cise surrender-
ing his interest five years later. From
1877 Mr. Throop has been the sole pro-
prietor and most of that time the editor
of the Free Press. During this period the
paper expanded under his very capable
management into a very extensive busi-
ness, becoming one of the influential pub-
lications of the state, its editorials freely
quoted on all matters of general interest.
This was the only democratic paper in
Heniy county, and although the county is
largely republican, this paper became a
great power in a political way, the result
being that, thanks to its influence, the de-
mocracy frequently elected its candidates.
In this connection his services have been
very valuable throughout the state, and
the loyal workers of the party have ever}'-
where been glad to meet and know this
capable exponent of Jefi^ersonian democ-
racy. In August, 1905, Mr. Throop sold
the Free Press to C. S. Rogers and Milo
Huston, proprietors of the Mount Pleas-

ant Evening Neics and the Daily Journal.
For some years prior to his giving up his
ownership of the Pre Press. Mr. Throop
had the honor of being the oldest editor
in Henry county, and one of the oldest in
the state. His brothers in newspaper work
over the state learned with regret of his
determination to leave the ranks of the
active workers, for the excellence of his
work and the power of his influence was
a constant incentive to greater endeavor,
while the business ability which he mani-
fested and which brought about the up-
building of his paper to the high standard
that it reached under his efficient manage-
ment won for him the respect and admira-
tion of business men throughout the state.
On April 7, 1858, Mr. Throop was
united in marriage to Miss Rowena Beebe,
daughter of Joseph Ledyard and Betsy
Beebe. To this union have been born
eight children, seven sons and one daugh-
ter, of whom four sons and the daughter
are living. The oldest son, Joseph Curtis,
born December 24, 1858, lives in ]Musko-
gee, Indian Territory, where he is en-
gaged in the newspaper business. He
married Miss Mary Wait, of Missouri,
and has two children, Mattie and Edith.
Horace Leander Throop, the fourth child
in point of birth, born February 5, 1865,
has been very successful as proprietor of
a newspaper and a newspaper worker at
Kewanee, Illinois. He married Miss Lu-
ella Doolittle, by whom he has two chil-
dren, Rowena and Max. Thomas
Dwight, bom February 2, 1870, is en-
eaeed in agriculture near Billings, Mon -
tana. His wife was Miss Cora Doolittle,
and they have been the parents of five
children, of whom four are living, as fol-



lows : Jessie, Miriam. Miles and Corde-
lia. Addison James, born June i6, 1876,
is in the printing business in East St.
Louis, Illinois. He married Miss Neva
Strain, of Oskaloosa, Iowa, and is the
father of one daughter, Catherine Eliza-
beth. The daughter, Bessie Cordelia, born
July 15, 1878, makes her home with her
parents at the home in Mount Pleasant.
The children who died in childhood are :
Walter Beebe, born December 15, i860,
died at the age of twenty months ; Dan
Clinton, born December 16, 1862, died
October 11, 1864; Jesse Nelson, born Au-
gust 6, 1867, died October 31, 1871.

Mr. Throop is a believer in the princi-
ples and doctrines of the Universalist
church, with which denomination he has
been affiliated since coming west in his
early manhood. He has always taken a
very active part in the work of the church,
supporting it in its benevolences and other
financial undertakings, and serving as the
need called him in various church offices.
He has always taught in the Sunday-
school, having been the teacher of the Bi-
ble class for a number of years. He has
held a number of offices in the church or-
ganization, and is now treasurer. His
influence has always been on the side of
right in all questions affecting the public
welfare, and the example of his daily life
has been such as to spread abroad the in-
fluence of his church. In former years
Mr. Throop took an active part in the
fraternal life of the community, being a
member of the Independent Order of Odd
Fellows, the Ancient, Free and Accepted
Masons and various temperances lodges,
but during the later years of his life he
has dropped all these interests. In polit-

ical life his work was mostly done through
the columns of his paper, by means of
which he became a leader whose influence
throughout the state cannot be estimated.
This work occupied his time so completely
that he felt that he could not give up the
time to holding public office on his own
account, but preferred to wield the influ-
ence of the pen. However, in the interests
of good government for his home town,
he did consent to serve on the city coun-
cil for some time, and was also an active
and spirited member of the city school
board for many years.

Mr. Throop has made a close study of
all of the public questions which have agi-
tated the nation during the past half cen-
tury, and in addition has given much
thought and effort to the upbuilding of
his own immediate community. Every
enterprise of which he has had the man-
agement has been conducted with care,
fidelity and marked business ability, com-
bined with the most scrupulous rectitude,
and the success which he has achieved is
the result of a rare union of qualities. His
position has always been that of a leader,
for which he is pre-eminently fitted by na-
ture, and in all affairs affecting the public
welfare his upright and honorable course
has made him many friends and admirers,
who will, without doubt, be interested in
this modest review of his career.


J. M. Craw^ford is the owner of valu-
able landed interests in Henry county,
his possessions aggregating four hun-



dred and sixty acres, of which three hun-
dred and seven acres is comprised within
his home place. In addition to carrying
on the work of the fields he has engaged
in raising and feeding stock and making
shipments to the Chicago market. \A'atch-
ful of business opportunities, he has so
controHed his interests that success has
attended his efforts and he is now one
of the prosperous residents of his com-
munity. He possesses many of the sterhng
traits of the Scottish race, of which he is
a representative. A native of Glasgow,
Scotland, his father, John Craw^ford,
came from Howard county, Missouri, to
Henry county, Iowa, on the 14th of
March, 1835, and entered a claim near
Middletown and thereon spent his re-
maining days. He died in 1863, at the
age of sixty-five years and his wife also
died upon the old home farm at Middle-
town, being eighty-one years of age when
in 1883 she was called to her final rest.
Mr. Crawford had entered one hundred
and sixty acres of land which he trans-
formed into a valuable farm of which
he retained possession up to the time of
his death, when it was inherited by his
son, John F., who remained upon that
place until his own death in June, 1905.
There were fourteen children in the fa-
ther's family : William D. ; David W. ;
J. M. ; Minerva N., died, the wife of Nel-
son McGohan ; Jefferson ; Robert Crusoe ;
Oliver Joseph ; Anderson ; Grandison ;
Carlisle; and Emil3^ the wife of Morris
Carlisle Bishop ; John and Washington.
Of these only J. M. Crawford and Mrs.
Bishop are now living. All were resi-
dents of Henry county when they died,
with the exception of Grandison, who a

few months prior to his demise became a
resident of Oklahoma. Carlisle was
killed in the battle of Vicksburg, but his
remains were brought back to Henry
county for interment and here the other
members of the family were also buried.
They adhered to the faith of the Chris-
tain church.

James Madison Crawford, whose name
introduces this record, was born in How-
ard county, Missouri, April 7, 1825, and
was therefore a young lad of ten years
when brought by his parents to Henry
county. When still a young lad he made
a promise to himself that he would some
day build a church if he lived and this
promise saw its fruition in 1887, when he
completed a church, w^hich he turned over
to the board of trustees, the ground and
house of worship costing him three thou-
sand dollars. When the Christian church
of his home neighborhood was organized
in 1845 he became one of its original
members and he has since been one of its
officers, serving either as elder or dea-
con. In fact he has held all of the po-
sitions in the church, except that of pas-
tor and his labors have been untiring, ef-
fective and far-reaching in behalf of his

Throughout his entire life Mr. Craw-
ford has i3een identified with agricultural
pursuits. In 1847, at the age of twen-
ty-two years, he purchased forty acres
of land in Des Moines county from James
Hall and continued to reside thereon, cul-
tivating his fields for four years. In the
spring of 1853, however, he sold out
there and bought eighty acres of his pres-
ent place in New London township,
Henry county. He also induced Jo!ia-



than King to buy the other eighty acres
of the tract for him and two years from
that date Mr. Crawford paid him for the
land and thus came into possession of the
entire quarter section, the purchase price
of the second eighty acres being forty
dollars per acre. He has labored persist-
ently and energetically as the years have
gone by and has gained that satisfactory
reward \vhich always results from close
and rmremitting toil. As his financial re-
sources have increased he has added from
time to time to his landed possessions un-
til he now owns altogether four hundred
and sixty-seven acres of valuable land,
of which three hundred anfl seven acres
is comprised within the home farm. Much
of the remainder is. in town lots and in
small tracts around the town of New
London, and he also has one hundred and
sixty acres in Baltimore township which
he rents. He has always made a business
of raising and feeding stock, buying con-
siderable stock, which he has fattened for
the market and for sixteen years he made
extensive shipments to Chicago. In all
that he does he has displayed a practical
and methodical spirit and his unfaltering
perseverance has enabled him to over-
come all the difficulties and obstacles.

Mr. Crawford was married on the 9th
of April, 1845, to Miss Lydia Ellen Ab-
ney, a daughter of Leonard and Ginsey
Abney. Unto them were born two chil-
dren : Alary Jane, who is living with her
father; and Iowa Belle, who died at the
age of sixteen years. The mother passed
away September 16, 1858, and in i860
Mr. Crawford wedded Julia Ann Lee. a
daughter of John Lee. There were three
children by this marriage : Mrs. Charity

Belle Gannaway; Mrs. Frances Sander-
son; and J. M. Crawford, Jr., who is the
present postmaster of New London.

Mr. Crawford gave his early political
allegiance to the Whig party and upon
its dissolution he joined the ranks of the
new Republican party, which he has since
continued to support. He has now passed
the eighty-first milestone on life's jour-
ney, and he can look back over the years
that have come and gone without regret,
for his life has been honorable and up-
right. He has been fair and just in his
business dealings and his word is as good
as any bond solemnized by signature or
seal. He has been prompt in meet-
ing his obligations, and at all times
his life has been actuated by a kind-
ly spirit, his course being ever in har-
mony with his professions as a devoted
follower of the Christian church. There
is particular satisfaction in reverting to
the life history of this honored and ven-
erable gentleman, whose name initiates
this review, since his mind bears the im-
press of the historic annals of Iowa from
the early pioneer days and from the fact
that he has been a loyal son of the re-
public and has attained a position of dis-
tinctive prominence in the community
where he has retained his residence from
the age of ten years to present time, being
now one of the revered partiarchs of the


Roger S. Galer, one of the prominent
attorneys of Mount Pleasant, where he
has been located in the practice of his



profession for t\\elve years, was born
in Hillsboro, Henry county, Iowa, June
27, 1863, his parents being W. M. and
Lucinda (Terrell) Galer. The father was
born in Ohio in 1823. His father was a
native of Germany and in 1775 crossed
the Atlantic, becoming a resident of
Pennsylvania, whence he afterward re-
moved to Ohio. In the latter state W. M.
Galer \\'as reared and in earh' manhood
he removed to Illinois, where he was va-
riously employed until coming to Iowa
in 1852. After a brief residence in Lee
county he went to Salem and later to
Hillsboro, this state. He was one of the
early teachers of Iowa, and followed that
profession for several years, contributing
to the early intellectual development of
the state. In 1864 in response to his
countiy's need he enlisted in the First
Iowa Battery and continued with the army
for some time after the close of hostili-
ties. Following his return to Hillsboro
he was appointed b}" President Johnson to
the position of postmaster and by re-ap-
pointment serA'cd continu(3usly in that of-
fice for twenty-six years, or until Presi-
dent Cleveland's second administration, his
record surpassing in length of service that
of any other postmaster in the state up
to that time. On his retirement from the
postoffice he permanently put aside busi-
ness cares. Long an active worker in the
ranks of the republican party, he attended
its conventions and put forth effective and
far-reaching effort in behalf of party suc-
cesses. His fraternal relations were with
the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and
the Grand Army of the Republic. In
1850 he married Miss Lucinda Terrell,
the wedding being celebrated in Michi-

gan and they became the parents of four
children, who reached adult age. The fa-
ther died on the 17th of March, 1905, and
the mother is still living.

Roger S. Galer began his education in
the public schools of Hillsboro, Henry
county, and afterward attended Howe's
Academy, at Mount Pleasant, subsequent
to which time he entered the State Uni-
versity of Iowa, from which he was gradu-
ated in the class of 1885, with the degree
of Bachelor of Philosophy. Subsequently
the Master of Arts degree was conferred
upon him. He, too, was identified with the
educational progress of the state, teaching
for tAvo years in Howe's Academy, while
for five vears he was principal of the
Southern Iowa Normal School at Bloom-
field, and for two years principal of the
Iowa City Academy. I n the meantimie he had
entered upon the reading of la\\- and by
examination before the supreme court was
admitted to the Iowa bar in 1893.

Mr. Galer at once located for practice
in Monnt Pleasant, where he has continued
successfully as a member of the bar to
the present time. He is accorded a large,
general clientage, connecting him with
much important litigation tried in the
courts of the district. Fle possesses an
extensive library with the contents of
which he is largely familiar and in his law
practice he shows a thorough comprehen-
sion of the principles of jurisprudence and
correctness in application and logical de-
duction in argTiment that have pro\'en the
basic elements of his advancement in a
calling wherein success depends entirely
ui)on individual merit and capability.

Mr. Galer has gained more than local
distinction as an orator, particularly in



support of republican principles. An ac-
tive worker in the part}' he has served as
chairman of the county central committee
for a number of terms and has been a dele-
gate to the higher conventions of the party.
In his campaigTi addresses he presents his
subject with a clearness and force that
never fails to impress his auditors, and

Online LibraryHobart Publishing Company (Chicago)Biographical review of Henry County, Iowa, containing biographical and genealogical sketches of many of the prominent citizens of to-day and also of the past .. → online text (page 6 of 85)