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(3) May I9th, Cabiao. (Exhibit 52.)

(4) Oct. 27th, Tambo Barrio. (Exhibit 31, 35, 36, 49.)



26

besides a number of less important ones. At the fight at Malinta
on March 26th, General Ballance was shot through his hat and hair
and at the fight at Matamo, October ist, General Ballance's horse was
shot under him. (See Exhibits 19, 49.)

The exhibits show that in October and November 1899 Major
Ballance commanded all the infantry of Generals Lawton's and Young's
Northern Expedition, and that he was placed in command of a pro-
visional brigade, composed of Cavalry, Artillery, Infantry and Scouts,
and was engaged almost daily in fighting and skirmishing of one kind
or another. (See Exhibits 31, 35, 36, 38, 39, 43, 49.)

During this time he never saw a tent, and most of the time
had no shelter of any kind, although he was exposed almost daily to
tropical rains, skirmished and fought his way through flooded rice
fields and swamps, never with full army rations, and for days without
government rations of any kind. The country had been stripped of
almost everything to eat by the retreating insurgent army, and after
leaving Humingan his command had nothing to eat but the growing
rice, which had to be reaped and pounded out by hand before his men
could use it. It is no wonder that 80% of his men were taken down
with fever and dysentery. Nevertheless, such was the grand spirit
of his men, and their determination to carry out the object of the
expedition, that, although most of them were barefooted, hungry and
sick, every man kept up with Major Ballance, until he reached his
ultimate destination, San Fabian. (See Exhibits 56, 58, 59.)

At San Fabian, when it was announced that orders had been
received to remain there, for refitting, some of the men, being released
from the strain they had been under for six weeks, dropped in the
ranks, where they were standing, completely exhausted. Three hun-
dred of the men were placed on the sick report, the first morning after
their arrival at San Fabian, and placed in such hospitals as could
be devised. The hospital ship "Relief" was sent to San Fabian and
much against his inclination, though quite sick, Captain Ballance was
ordered to go on board, as well as 100 of his faithful men. The surgeon
in charge of the "Relief" considered Major Ballance's case as very
serious, and recommended that he be sent to the United States, and
secured for him a berth on the hospital ship "Missouri," which was
under orders to go to San Francisco, but he refused to leave the Philip-
pines until the insurrection was over, and left the "Relief" before he
had recovered and joined his command.

Major General Otis, the Governor General in Manilla, on the
repeated request of General Young ordered him to Vigan, while he was



27

still sick, to take charge of Civil affairs, and he was appointed Civil
Governor of Northwestern Luzon, composed of seven provinces. (See
Exhibits 39, 48.)

He organized civil government in 65 towns and established the
first thorough system of schools, outside of Manila. (See Exhibit 36.)

In addition to these civil duties, he was appointed Chief of Staff,
by General Young, and in his absence at various times, was specifically
authorized to command in his name, the troops in the various places
of Northwestern Luzon, and carry on field operations against the insur-
gents, which he did.

When General Young was relieved of his command and ordered
to the United States in February, 1901, the command was temporarily
assumed by the Major General, commanding in Manila, 300 miles dis-
tant, but as the communications were at that time very bad and broken
for considerable intervals of time, and as there were about 4000 troops
in the district engaged in active field service, Major Ballance, was
given the authority and responsibility of directing operations of the
troops and of civil affairs ; but because he was the junior in rank to
several officers of the command, he was instructed to issue his orders
in the name of the General in command at Manila.

Later, Brigadier General Bell was assigned to the command of
Northwestern Luzon, but he was detained on business for some time
in Manila and again on account of the difficulties of transportation, he
sent the same instructions to Major Ballance and authorized him
to issue such orders, move such troops and direct such military opera-
tions, as he deemed advisable without referring matters to him. These
conditions lasted about two months.

In April, 1901, he was appointed a Brigadier General of Volunteers
and was officially assigned to command the same district. The num-
ber of troops in the district was increased to about 5,000 men.
HE WAS RECOMMENDED FOR BREVET SEVEN TIMES.

(1) By his regimental commander. Major (later Lieut. Col.)
Leopold O. Parker, for BREVET MAJOR in his report of April 6, 1899,
for "THE JUDGMENT AND GALLANTRY HE DISPLAYED IN LEADING HIS
COMMAND UNDER A VERY HEAVY FIRE at Malinta, March 26, 1899. (See
Exhibit 1 8.)

(2) By his brigade commander Brigadier (later Major General)
Loyd Wheaton for BREVET MAJOR "for GALLANT CONDUCT IN THE
BATTLE OF TULIAHAN RIVER, March 25th, 1899." (See Exhibit, 20.)

(3) By his brigade commander, Brigadier (later Major General)
Loyd Wheaton, for BREVET LIEUTENANT COLONEL FOR "DISTINGUISHED



28

I;ALLANTRY at the Battle of Malinta. P. I.. March 26, 1899." i See
Exhibit 20.)

(4) By his division commander. Major General H. \V. Lawton
in his report of September 26, 1899, for BREVET LIEUTENANT COLONEL,

for "DISTINGUISHED CONDUCT AND PUBLIC SERVICE IN THE PRESENCE

OF THE ENEMY" at Bustos May 2, 1899. (See Exhibit 21.}

15") By his Division Commander Major H. \Y. Lawton, in an
endorsement dated November 19. 1899. in forwarding a report to Gen.
Young, dated Nov. 17. 1899. recommended that Captain Ballance for

"DISTINGUISHED GALLANTRY IN ACTION be brcvetted TO THE GRADE ABOVE

THAT NOW HELD." in his second expedition in October and November.
1899. (See Exhibit 2-

(6) By his brigade commander. Brigadier (later Lieutenant
General) S. B. M. Young, in his report, dated January 6. 1900, recom-
mended that Major Ballance "BE APPOINTED A COLONEL BY BREVET
in the Regular Army. FOR CONSPICUOUS GALLANTRY IN ACTION AND

SUPERIOR TACTICAL ABILITY IN HANDLING TROOPS IN THE FIGHT AT

CALABA AND CAPTURE OF SAN ISIDRO." See Exhibit 31.^

By his brigade commander Major General I later Lieutenant
General) S. B. M. Young, in a letter to the Adjutant General. U. S.
Army, dated Feb. 12. 1901. recommended that Major Ballance "BE

APPOINTED A BREVET BRIGADIER GENERAL FOR GALLANT AND HIGHLY
DISTINGUISHED SERVICES," ESPECIALLY FOR HIS MILITARY SKILL AND
GALLANTRY IN THE FIGHTS AT LlBUTAD. CABIAO, SAN FERNANDO,

CALABA. SAN ISIDRO, AND TABOATIN RIVER in October and November,
1899. ( See Exhibit 38. i

On June 20. 1901, he was mustered out of the Volunteer service
as Brigadier General and having been detailed in the Adjutant General's
Department, was assigned to duty as Adjutant General of the Depart-
ment of Northern Luzon, containing about 25.000 troops, under com-
mand of Major General YYheaton.

The duties of this position were most exacting upon his time and
strength by reason of the accumulation of reports, requisitions, etc..
many of which, coming from officers lately appointed to the army, were
in improper form, and needed careful supervision. This arduous office
labor imposed upon him when still suffering from his service in the field,
brought on a complete nervous prostration, and although ordered in
January. 1902. to report to the Adjutant General at Washington, he was
never able to assume the duties assigned to him at that station.

After three years' sen-ice on the Philippine Islands, in December,
1901. he returned to the L'nited States, physically prostrated by neuras-



29

thenia, from which he did not recover. Granted sick leave, he sought
in vain for health from medical institutions and specialists, in California,
Colorado, Michigan, Arkansas and Florida. On August 18, 1903, he
was promoted Lieutenant-Colonel of the Twenty-ninth Infantry Regi-
ment, and on November 5, 1904, he was placed upon the Retired List of
the Army, a Medical Board of examination having reported that he
would never again be able to resume the duties of an officer.

In the winter of 1910, having sought the milder climate of Florida,
on February 10, he died at Miami, and his remains were taken to Peoria
for their final resting place.

The literary and scientific aspirations of General Ballance did not
terminate with his graduation from West Point. Throughout his long
and varied army career, the latest publications on philology and the
sciences were his constant companions. He acquired the French and
Spanish languages, which he spoke and wrote with grace and readiness,
and he devoted much of such leisure as he had during peaceful times to
Geology, Astronomy, and particularly to the Ethnology of the American
Indians, Mexico and the Philippine Islands. In this latter pursuit he
made large and valuable collections, which, from time to time, were
transmitted to the city of his nativity for preservation, and where they
now rest, subject to such disposition as shall be made of them by his
executors, under the following provision of his last will and testament :

"I bequeath to some society interested in the subject, all my Mex-
ican, Indian and Philippine relics, to be kept and cared for by said
society for the enlightenment of future generations, such society to be
selected by my executors, hereinafter named."

On January 8, 1901, he was elected to membership in this Society,
having been received as a member in the California Society of Colonial
Wars on December 24, 1900.

Upon his return from the Philippine Islands he passed several
months in Los Angeles, and during that period he attended all the
meetings of this Society, manifesting an enthusiastic appreciation of its
principles, and interest in its work. We have a most profound realization
that this interest was not ephemeral but a lasting one, as we read from
his last will and testament :

"I bequeath my Army Registers from the year 1861 to date, and
copies of my military orders, to the California Society of the Sons of
the Revolution."

At the last annual meeting of this Society, held on February 22,
1910, in the City of Los Angeles, this bequest was unanimously accepted,



30

and these valuable records will be added to our Library, and designated
as the "Bequest of General John Green Ballance, U. S. A."

The President of this Society served as a Captain of the Forty-third
Infantry Regiment, United States Volunteers, in the Philippine Islands,
during a portion of the time of the command held by General Ballance.
and in his memoir, presented at our last annual meeting, he most feel-
ingly said :

"From the Active Roll of this Society must be dropped this distin-
guished name. The traditions of the Society and the spirit of its
existence are invoked by a history such as the foregoing brief outline
of the activities of a member, who has followed out so faithfully the
example of those ancestors in whose honor he united with us as a
member. The membership has been greatly honored by such an associa-
tion. The purposes of this organization have been much promoted by
the personality of the gentleman whom this Memoir endeavors to
eulogize.

"His own record is his proper epitaph and no oral embellishments
can properly add thereto.

"He has left a complete record of the United States Army orders
and registrations from the time of his graduation from West Point to
his death, in which collection there is mentioned no more patriotic or
efficient or gallant services than those of the deceased member, who
remembered us so kindly in the distribution of his effects."




APPENDIX.



33
EXHIBITS CITED IN THE TEXT.

EXHIBIT i.
LICENSE TO PRACTICE LAW IN TEXAS, JAN. 27, 1886.

The State of Texas,
County of Bexar.
To all to whom these presents shall come, Greeting:

Know ye, that John G. Ballance hath this day applied to the Hon.
Geo. H. Noonan, Judge of the 37th Judicial District of the State of
Texas, for a license to practice as an Attorney and Counselor At Law,
and having produced a certificate from Hon. Charles L. Wurzbach,
County Judge of Bexar County, Texas, that he is twenty-one years of age
and of good moral character and honorable deportment, AND HAVING BEEN

EXAMINED TOUCHING HIS KNOWLEDGE OF THE LAW, in Open COUrt, BY
A COMMITTEE OF ATTORNEYS OF GOOD STANDING, AND SAID COMMITTEE
AND THE COURT BEING SATISFIED WITH LEGAL QUALIFICATIONS OF THE
APPLICANT.

THESE ARE THEREFORE TO LICENSE, Authorize and Empower him,
the said JOHN G. BALLANCE, of the County and State aforesaid, TO

PRACTICE AS AN ATTORNEY AND COUNSELOR AT LAW IN THE SEVERAL
DISTRICT AND INFERIOR COURTS OF THIS STATE.

Witness : Geo. H. Noonan, Judge of the District Court of the
thirty-seventh Judicial District of the State of Texas, and the seal of
the said Court at San Antonio, the twenty-seventh day of January,
A.D. 1886.

(Signed) GEO. H. NOONAN,

Judge of the 37th Judicial
District of Texas

EXHIBIT lA.
LICENSE TO PRACTICE LAW BEFORE THE SUPREME COURT OF TEXAS.

October 16, 1888.

Supreme Court, State of Texas. Austin, Texas, October 16, 1888.

J. G. Ballance, Esq., having filed his application for admission to
practice as an Attorney and Counselor of the Supreme Court, and
furnishing satisfactory evidence that he is a practicing attorney in
good standing in the District Courts of this State, and filed the oath
required by law of Attorneys of the Supreme Court;

These are therefore to certify, that the SAID J. G. BALLANCE, ESQ.,

HAS BEEN ENROLLED AS AN ATTORNEY AND COUNSELOR OF THIS COURT

OF THIS STATE, and for so doing this shall be sufficient authority.



34

In witness whereof I hereto set my hand and affix the seal of
said Court, the day and year above written.

(Signed) CHAS S. MORSE, Clerk.
EXHIBIT iB.

LICENSE TO PRACTICE LAW BEFORE THE SUPREME COURT OF MONTANA.

February 23, 1892.

In the Supreme Court of the
State of Montana.

At a term of the Supreme Court begun and held in the City of
Helena, State of Montana, the first day of December, eighteen hundred
and ninety-one.

Present: The Hon. Henry N. Blake, Chief Justice; Hon. W. H.
Dewitt, Associate Justice ; Hon. E. N. Harwood, Associate Justice ; the
following proceedings were had on the twenty-fifth judicial day of
said term.

Now on this day comes John Green Ballance, and having furnished
evidence satisfactory to the Court that he is a citizen of the United
States and of this State ; of good moral character ; over the age of
twenty-one years, and possessed of the requisite learning and ability,
and having taken the usual oath of office, It is ordered, ON MOTION
OF HON. GEO. R. MILBURN, AN ATTORNEY OF THIS COURT, THAT THE
SAID JOHN GREEN BALLANCE BE ADMITTED TO PRACTICE AS AN ATTORNEY
AND COUNSELOR IN ALL THE COURTS OF THE STATE OF MONTANA.

In witness whereof, I. W. J. Kennedy, Clerk of the said Court,
have hereunto set my hand and affixed the Seal of said Court, at the
City of Helena, this twenty-third day of February in the year of our
Lord one thousand eight hundred and ninety-two.

(Signed) W. J. KENNEDY,

Clerk of the Supreme Court,

State of Montana.
EXHIBIT iC.
LICENSE TO PRACTICE LAW BEFORE THE SUPREME COURT OF ILLINOIS

March 26, 1895.

STATE OF ILLINOIS. SEAL. SUPREME COURT.

JOHN GREEN BALLANCE of Peoria County, Illinois, having exhibited
to the undersigned, the Justices of the Supreme Court of said State
satisfactory evidence of his good moral character and of his quali-
fications to practice as an Attorney and Counselor at Law in the courts
of this State ; we DO HEREBY AUTHORIZE AND LICENSE THE SAID JOHN
GREEN BALLANCE TO PRACTICE AS SUCH ATTORNEY AND COUNSELOR



35

ACCORDING TO THE LAWS AND CUSTOMS OF STATE for and during his

good behavior in said practice.

Witness our hands this 26th of March, A. D. 1895.

J. W. WILKIN, Chief Justice
A. M. CRAIG, Justice BENJ. D. MAGRUDER, Justice

, Justice DAVID J. BAKER, Justice

JESSE J. PHILLIPS, Justice JOSEPH N. CARTER, Justice

STATE OF ILLINOIS, SUPREME COURT, NORTHERN GRAND DIVISION

I, Alfred H. Taylor, Clerk of said Supreme Court, do hereby
certify that John Green Ballance has been regularly licensed and
admitted to practice as an Attorney and Counselor at Law within this
State and that he has duly taken the oath to support the Constitution
of the United States and of this State, and also the oath of office pre-
scribed by law and that I have duly enrolled his name on the roll of
Attorneys and Counselors in my office.

In Testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and affixed
the seal of said Court at Ottawa this 26th day of March, A. D. 1895.

(Signed) A. H. TAYLOR,

Clerk of the Supreme Court.

EXHIBIT 2.

GENERAL D. S. STANLEY'S RECOMMENDATION OF CAPTAIN BALLANCE
FOR MAJOR AND JUDGE ADVOCATE, AUGUST, 30, 1888.

Headquarters, Department of Tex.
San Antonio, Tex., Aug. 30, 1888.
Adjutant General U. S. A.,
Washington, D. C.

Sir : -I desire to especially recommend for the appointment of
Major and Judge Advocate in the United States Army, when the first
vacancy may occur, Captain John G. Ballance, Acting Judge Advocate
of this Department.

The following will illustrate the scope of duties Captain Ballance
has performed, viz. :

1. Subaltern and Commander of a Post and Company.

2. Post- Adjutant, Quartermaster, Commissary and Ordnance
officer.

3. Regimental Quartermaster and Acting Regimental Adjutant.

4. Aide-de-Camp to General Stanley; Acting Adjutant General,
District of New Mexico and Department of Texas.

5. Acting Chief Commissary and Depot Quartermaster, District
of New Mexico.



36

6. Acting" Inspector General, Department of Texas.

7. Acting Judge Advocate Department of Texas since 1884.
CAPTAIN BALLANCE is A HARD WORKER ; is STUDIOUS AND AMBITIOUS

TO EXCEL; is ADMITTED TO THE BAR OF THE TEXAS AND UNITED STATES
COURTS, AND DURING FOUR YEARS HAS PERFORMED THE DUTIES OF JUDGE
ADVOCATE OF THIS DEPARTMENT, NOT SOLELY IN REVIEWING AND PROSE-
CUTING COURT-MARTIAL CASES, BUT IN ADJUSTING NUMEROUS LAND

CASES AFFECTING THE TITLES OF THE UNITED STATES IN THE MANY
RESERVATIONS WITHIN THIS DEPARTMENT. ALL THESE HAVE BEEN CON-
DUCTED WITH MARKED ABILITY AND SUCCESS.

WlTH A LIBERAL EDUCATION AND UNEXCEPTIONAL MANNERS, I
CAN CONFIDENTLY SAY CAPTAIN BALLANCE WOULD DO CREDIT TO THE
JUDGE ADVOCATE'S DEPARTMENT.

Your obedient servant,

(Signed) D. S. STANLEY,

Brigadier General
Commanding Department of Texas.

EXHIBIT 3

W. B. STERLING, U. S. DIST. ATTY. FOR SOUTH DAKOTA, GIVES STATE-
MENT OF LEGAL AID RENDERED BY CAPT J. G. BALLANCE IN TRIAL
OF INDIAN "PLENTY HORSES."

April 30, 1891.

Huron, So. Dak., April 30, 1891.
General T. H. Ruger,
Comd. Dept. of Dakota,
St. Paul, Minn.

Sir: I desire, at this time to ackowledge the very efficient services
rendered by Capt. J. G. Ballance in the trial of the case of the Indian
"Plenty Horses" for the murder of Lieut. Edward Casey, which has
just closed. Captain Ballance has participated actively with me in the
trial of this case and while we have been unable to obtain the result
desired we feel that it was no fault of ours. After a trial lasting
several days the jury stood 8 for conviction of murder and 4 for man-
slaughter, and they were unable to agree, of which offense the
defendant was guilty.

The principal issue in the case was whether or not a state of war
existed on the reservation at the time that Lieut. Casey was killed, and
whether or not the defendant was excusable for the act on account of
this state of war, and Captain Ballance's KNOWLEDGE OF MILITARY LAW,



37

ADDED TO HIS KNOWLEDGE OF CIVIL LAW, HAS BEEN OF GREAT BENEFIT
AND AID IN THE TRIAL OF THIS CASE.

Again thanking you for his services, I am,

Very respectfully yours,
(Signed) WM. B. STIRLING,

U. S. Attorney.

EXHIBIT 4

GEN. D. S. STANLEY'S LETTER TO BOARD FOR EXAMINATION OF OFFICERS

FOR PROMOTION
May i, 1891.

Headquarters Department of Texas.

San Antonio, Texas, May i, 1891.
To the Army Board for Examination
of Officers for Promotion,

Fort Keogh, Mont.

Gentlemen : I have the honor to submit to your board, that I
have known First Lieutenant John Green Ballance, since September,
1875, when he joined the 22nd Infantry as Second Lieutenant. He
served faithfully with his company until September 1882, when he was
appointed regimental Quartermaster, 22nd Infantry, in which capacity
he served until April, 1884, when he was appointed Aide-de-Camp on
my staff, and continued in that capacity until August of that year, when
he was appointed Captain and Acting Judge Advocate of the Depart-
ment of Texas, which he filled until last year.

I CANNOT SPEAK TOO HIGHLY OF CAPTAIN BALLANGERS SERVICE IN

EACH OF THESE CAPACITIES ; as regimental Quartermaster, he performed
arduous service in moving the regiment to a distant station, whilst
sorely afflicted with inflammatory rheumatism ; AS AN AID-DE-CAMP HE
WAS INDUSTRIOUS, AND CONSTANTLY USEFUL; TO HIS RECORD AS JUDGE
ADVOCATE, HE CAN PROUDLY POINT TO THE FILES OF HIS WORK IN WASH-
INGTON, and his recent detail to assist the United States Attorney does
attest to his good standing in the War Department.

As TO GOOD CHARACTER AND HIGH STANDING OF CAPTAIN BALLANCE
I NEED NOT ALLUDE, AS THEY ARE EVERYWHERE ACKNOWLEDGED IN THE
ARMY AND COMMUNITY.

Very respectfully,

(Signed) D. S. STANLEY,
Brigadier General, U. S. Army.



38

EXHIBIT 5.

HEADQUARTERS OF THE ARMY

GENERAL ORDERS) Adjutant General's Office,

No. 100 ) Washington, December 17, 1891.

The Major General Commanding takes pleasure in publishing to
the Army the names of the following officers and enlisted men who,
during the year 1890 and in the recent campaign in South Dakota,
distinguished themselves by "specially meritorious acts or conduct in
service;" those omitted from General Orders, No. 41, April 20, 1891,
from this office, are also included :



DECEMBER 23 to 25, 1890. IST LIEUTENANT JOHN G. BALLANCE,
22ND INFANTRY, COMMANDING COMPANY D; . . . AND THE ENLISTED
MEN OF COMPANY D, 22ND INFANTRY; FOR ENERGY AND FORTITUDE
IN A FORCED MARCH OF Il6 MILES, OF WHICH 63 MILES WERE
MADE IN 29 HOURS AND 15 MINUTES, FROM THE CANNON BALL
RIVER TO NEW ENGLAND CITY, NORTH DAKOTA, PART OF THE
TIME DURING A HEAVY SNOW STORM, TO RELIEVE A TROOP OF CAVALRY
REPORTED SURROUNDED BY HOSTILE SlOUX INDIANS IN CAVE HlLLS,
NORTH DAKOTA.

*

BY COMMAND OF MAJOR GENERAL SCHOFIELD.

(Signed) J. C. KELTON,

Adjutant General.

EXHIBIT 6.

HEADQUARTERS 22ND INFANTRY, COMPLIMENTARY ORDER ON BEING
RELIEVED AS ADJUTANT OF THE REGIMENT. JANUARY 16, 1892.

HEADQUARTERS 22ND INFANTRY

ORDERS Fort Keogh, Montana, Jan. 16, 1892.

No. 4.

i. The promotion of First Lieutenant and Regimental Adjutant
John Green Ballance, 22nd Infantry to Captain of Infantry is announced
to the regiment.

THE REPUTATION OF CAPTAIN BALLANCE FOR ABILITY AND EFFI-
CIENCY as a staff officer, gained in the two regimental positions, and
as Aide-de-Camp and Acting Judge Advocate of a department is OF

LONG STANDING, AND THE COLONEL COMMANDING WHO IS UNDER OBLI-
GATIONS TO HIM FOR MUCH VALUABLE ASSISTANCE, TAKES PLEASURE IN
EXPRESSING HIS HIGH APPRECIATION OF HIS MERITS.



39

2. First Lieutenant Frank B. Jones, 22nd Infantry is hereby
appointed Regimental Adjutant.

P. T. SWAINE,
Colonel 22nd Infantry
Commanding'

EXHIBIT 7

COLONEL P. T. SWAINE, ENDORSEMENT, RECOMMENDING CAPTAIN
BALLANCE FOR JUDGE ADVOCATE. FEBRUARY 23, 1892.

Fort Keogh, Montana, Feb. 23, 1892.

Respectfully forwarded to the Adjutant General, strongly recommended.

VERY FEW, IF ANY OFFICERS OF THE ARMY, HAVE BEEN CALLED ON

TO PERFORM MILITARY DUTY, IN AS MANY DIFFERENT CAPACITIES, AS

CAPTAIN BALLANCE. HE is KNOWN THROUGHOUT THE ARMY FOR HIS

CORRECT PERFORMANCE OF EACH.

Besides his military duties he has studied law assiduously for some
years, and has frequently been employed in important legal trials in the
military and civil courts. His PRE-EMINENT KNOWLEDGE AND ABILITY

AS A LAWYER ARE CONCEDED BY ALL.

HlS CAPABILITIES AS AN EXECUTIVE OFFICER, IS OF THE HIGHEST.

His unparalleled march in the Sioux campaign of 1890, for which he
was commanded in General Orders, is an example of it. I know of no
line officer that is so well fitted for the position of Judge Advocate.

HlS APPOINTMENT WOULD BE OF GREAT BENEFIT TO THE SERVICE, AND
WOULD BE VERY PLEASING TO MYSELF AND THE ARMY.

(Signed) P. T. SWAINE,

Colonel 22nd Infantry
Commanding.


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