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The military record of John Green Ballance online

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Insurgents opened with a perfect hail of rifle fire. It was then that

YOU SO PROMPTLY MADE YOUR CHARGE, AND FOR WHICH I ACCORD YOU
FULL CREDIT AND ALL THE HONOR. ... I SIMPLY MEAN THAT YOU
HAD YOUR RATALLION WELL IN HAND, YOU HAD THE OPPORTUNITY AND
YOU SEIZED IT, LIKE THE GALLANT SOLDIER YOU ARE, SHOULD.

So that General MacArthur's wish and THE OBJECT OF OUR CROSSING
THE RIVER WAS ACCOMPLISHED MAINLY BY YOU, and I thank God that
the Mauser bullet which some Insurgent fired through your campaign
hat that day during your charge, came no nearer your head than to
graze the hair. After you had taken the first trench and during the
time that we halted our line at this trench to rest our men and open a
rapid fire on the next line, I will never forget the, to me, INSPIRING

SIGHT OF SEEING YOU, COOLLY STANDING, FULLY EXPOSED TO THAT HEAVY

FIRE, when we compelled our men to take advantage of the cover
afforded by the captured Insurgent trench.

By far the greater portion of the enlisted men whom you led to
the charge were recently enlisted, and therefore untried ; many of them
had never performed a tour of guard duty until they were placed on
board the Transport "Ohio" at San Francisco about two months before
this engagement at Malinta on the 26th of March, 1899, and I HAVE

NO DOUBT YOUR EXAMPLE MADE THEM IF NOT EXACTLY, CERTAINLY

THE EQUALS OF, VETERANS. It was a trying occasion, but BY PROMPT-



52

NESS, COOLNESS AND GALLANTRY YOU WERE FULLY EQUAL TO THE
EMERGENCY.

YOUR SUBSEQUENT SERVICE DURING THE TIME I HAD THE HONOR
TO COMMAND THE 22ND INFANTRY WAS ON THE SAME HIGH PLANE OF
GALLANTRY, AT ALL TIMES DISPLAYING MOST EXCELLENT JUDGMENT AND
UNFALTERING COURAGE.

YOU CAPTURED BUSTOS. YOU COMMANDED OUR ADVANCE GUARD

THAT DAY, THE DATE I FORGET, and though we subsequently learned
from natives that the Insurgents had over a thousand men in the
thickets of the bend of the river in front of you, YET YOUR COOL,

STEADY AND FEARLESS ADVANCE DROVE THEM BACK AND GAVE YOU THE
TOWN WITHOUT HAVING FIRED A SHOT FROM YOUR FOUR COMPANIES.

I COMMENDED YOU FOR THIS IN MY REPORT tO my Superiors J but

as no firing took place on your part, BUT YOU SIMPLY RECEIVED THE
INSURGENT FIRE AND MOVED STEADILY ON, I DO NOT SUPPOSE THAT

YOU WILL EVER RECEIVE THE RECOGNITION YOU DESERVE FOR THAT DAY^S

WORK. Yet in my opinion IT REQUIRES A HIGHER ORDER OF COURAGE

FOR OFFICERS AND MEN TO ADVANCE FOR MILES IN FACE OF A FIRE AND
NOT RETURN THAT FIRE, THAN IT DOES TO ADVANCE WHILE PLUGGING

AT YOUR ENEMY. Therefore I think you merit a brevet for that day's
work. Your conduct at San Isidro was equally commendable, so far
as the disposition evinced by you is concerned, but as the enemy made
no resistance worth mentioning contrary to our expectations there
was no chance for you to win a brevet there. Had there been, I know
with what avidity you would have availed yourself of it, AS YOU

REQUESTED ME TO GIVE YOUR BATTALION THAT PART OF MY LINE OPPO-
SITE THE CEMETERY WALL WHICH THE ENEMY HAD WELL PREPARED

FOR DEFENSE IN ADDITION TO THEIR TRENCHES. My dear General,

THAT WAS A VERY GALLANT REQUEST AND IT WAS A GREAT PLEASURE
TO ME TO COMPLY WITH IT.

CERTAINLY YOU SHOULD BE BREVETTED A MAJOR U. S. ARMY (being
then a Captain of the 22nd U. S. Infantry) FOR THE GOOD JUDGMENT

AND GALLANTRY DISPLAYED BY YOU IN LEADING YOUR BATTALION AGAINST

THE INSURGENT TRENCHES AT MALINTA, Island of Luzon, P. I., on the
26th day of March, 1899; an< 3 in addition to my former official endorse-
ment to that effect I here and NOW MOST URGENTLY RENEW THAT

RECOMMENDATION AS A PROPER REWARD FOR A MOST DESERVING AND
CAPABLE OFFICER.



53

Confidently believing that your brilliant services in Luzon will be
properly appreciated and suitably rewarded by our Government.

I am very respectfully, your obedient servant,

(Signed) LEO O. PARKER,

Major, U. S. Army, Retired,
Late Major & Commanding Officer, 22nd Inf.

EXHIBIT 20.

GENERAL WHEATON, RECOMMENDS CAPTAIN BALLANCE FOR BREVET
AS MAJOR AND LIEUTENANT COLONEL

Date, November 4, 1909
No. 1583343 OFFICIAL COPY

FURNISHED TO SHELBY M. CULLOM, U. S. SENATE
Headquarters 3rd Brigade, ist Division,

Eighth Army Corps, Malolos, P. I.

April 19, 1899.

The Adjutant General United States Army,
Washington, D. C.

Sir: Relating to the operations of this brigade while acting under
the orders of and co-operating with Major General Mac Arthur in his
movement resulting in the occupation of Malolos, March 24th to 3ist,
inclusive, I have the honor to make recommendations as follows, viz. :

Captain John G. Ballance, 22nd U. S. Infantry. TO BE MAJOR

U. S. A. BY BREVET FOR GALLANT CONDUCT IN THE BATTLE AT THE

TULIAHAN RIVER, P. I., March 25, 1899, and TO BE LIEUTENANT
COLONEL U. S. A. BY BREVET FOR DISTINGUISHED GALLANTRY AT THE

BATTLE OF MALINTA, P. I., March 26. 1899.

*

The gallant conduct of all of the officers named in this com-
munication I witnessed and earnestly request favorable consideration.

Very respectfully.

(Signed) LOVD WIIEIAT
Brigadier Gen., U. S. V.. Commanding.
THE ADJUTANT GENERAL'S OFFICE

OFFICIAL COPY
\YAR DEPARTMENT
SEAL



54

EXHIBIT 21.

MAJOR GENERAL H. \V. LAWTON'S REPORT, RECOM MAJOR

BALLANCE FOR BREVET LIEUTENANT COLONEL FOR L>: HED

CONDUCT AND PUBLIC SERVICE IN THE PRESENCE ^MY
AT BUSTOS, MAY 2, 1899, SEPTEMBER 26, 1899.

294226 A. G. O.
OFFICIAL COPY
Headquarters ist ~ :h Army Cor:

Manila. P. I 5q tember 26. 1899.

To the Adjutant General, U. S. Army.
Washington, D. C.

Sir : I have the honor to submit the following rep: r. :' the
operations of an expedition in the Prc - Ecija

and Pampanga covering the period. April _

...*

List of names of officers of the r regular ar beet

sidered entitled to Brevet Commissions "for

public service in the presence of the e r S - Stats

NAME John G. Ballance.
.NK R - 'T CORPS C

STECIFIC ACT GALLANTRY Engage

"In my opinion " . - Ballance de- > g . . . . .

in which he conducted the advance By - -

he so developed and flanked the enemy as

of a surprise, which I believe the er. '.id pla:- nan

probability accomplished without c. - :

dearly." Appendix Page 90 1-3 . - " ince

- - ^"eat credit for the manner in which he ca-~ I 5 orders

His skirmish line moved forward with energy a
ground, driving the enemy before him from r

as a surprise for our flank and rear." A; g - "I

heartily concur in the favorable mention of
Page General Lawton's indorsement.

RECOMMENDATION Lieutenant Colonel. Regular 5

Very res y.

(Signed^ H. \V. LAV, ro*
Major General. U. S. V.. Coran ig



55

EXHIBIT 22.

BRIGADIER GENERAL (LATER LIEUTENANT GENERAL) YOUNG
ON THE FIGHT AT SAN FERNANDO

October 19.
Contained in Report of Sec. of War, Year 1900, Vol. i, Part 6, P. 44.

October 19.
MAJOR GENERAL LAWTON :

THE ORDER OF MARCH THIS MORNING WAS: BALLANCE WITH
THREE COMPANIES TWENTY-SECOND INFANTRY. . . .

Command moved from Cabaio at 8 130 a.m., encountering the
heaviest resistance at stream near San Fernando, where the enemy had
torn up the bridge. INFANTRY PUSHED FORWARD, cavalry delayed,
repairing bridge. Arrived in San Isidro about I 130 p.m.



OUR CASUALTIES: ONE KILLED, THREE WOUNDED, ALL OF TWENTY-
SECOND INFANTRY. Cannot get names until Ballance returns from
Gapan. . . . Will report more fully on return of columns under
Ballance. . . .

(Signed) S. B. M. YOUNG,

Brigadier General.

EXHIBIT 23.

BRIGADIER GENERAL (LATER LIEUTENANT GENERAL) YOUNG, REPORTS
ON THE CAPTURE OF SAN ISIDRO AND STATES CAPTAIN BALLANCE'S
"MANNER OF CONDUCTING THE ADVANCE WAS HIGHLY COM-
MENDABLE." Printed in Report of Secretary of War, Year 1900,
Part 6, Page 49.

Headquarters Provisional Brigade,

ist Div., 8th Corps,

San Isidro, October 22, 1899.
The Adjutant General,

First Division, Eighth Corps.

Sir: I have the honor to submit the following report of the action
before San Isidro on October 19, 1899. The letter subheads are those
required by General Orders, No. 40 c. s. Headquarters First Division,
Eighth Corps :

*

(c and d) In the order named: First Battalion, Twenty-second
Infantry (Companies A, F, I and K), Captain J. G. Ballance, Twenty-
second Infantry.



56

(n) Wounded, five of Twenty-second Infantry, one of whom
died within an hour.

CAPTAIN BALLANCE'S MANNER OF CONDUCTING THE ADVANCE WAS
HIGHLY COMMENDABLE, AND HIS INFANTRY SCOUTS DID SPLENDID WORK.

San Isidro occupied by ... First Battalion Twenty-second
Infantry . . .

The reports of Captain Ballance, Twenty-second Infantry . . .
are inclosed.

,

Very Respectfully,
(Signed) S. M. B. YOUNG,

Brigadier General.

EXHIBIT 24.

BRIGADIER GENERAL (LATER LIEUTENANT GENERAL) YOUNG REPORTS
ON THE FIGHT AT TABOATIN RIVER ON OCTOBER 29, 1899, IN
WHICH HE STATES THAT "CAPTAIN BALLANCE'S MANNER OF CON-
DUCTING THE ADVANCE WAS HIGHLY COMMENDABLE."
Extracts from printed report of Secretary of War. year 1900.

Vol. i, Part 6, Page 86.

Headquarters Provisional Brigade,
First Division, Eighth Army Corps,

Cabanatuan, Luzon. Nov. 3. 1899.
The Adjutant General,

First Division, Eighth Army Corps.

Sir: I have the honor to submit the following report of the action
at Taboatin river, before Santa Rosa, on October 27th, iSoq:

. . . Strength of 22nd Infantry, Captain Ballance. five officers,
380 men.



(Note)

(m) Orders to Captain Ballance to send Castner's Scout^ and
company of Infantry to flank enemy on the right and. if possible, take
him in rear. . . . (o) killed; four (p) 13 dead, jo wounded.



57

BEHAVIOR OF BOTH OFFICERS AND MEN WAS EXCELLENT. CAPTAIN
BALLANCE'S METHOD OF CONDUCTING THE ADVANCE WAS HIGHLY
COMMENDABLE.



(Signed) S. B. M. YOUNG,
Brigadier General, Commanding.

EXHIBIT 25.

LIEUTENANT COLONEL (LATER BRIGADIER GENERAL) CLARENCE R.
EDWARDS INFORMS CAPTAIN BALLANCE THAT GENERAL LAWTON
RECOMMENDED HIM FOR BREVET OF LIEUTENANT COLONEL.

Headquarters First Division, Eighth Army Corps,

Manila, P. I., November 6, 1899.
CAPTAIN JOHN G. BALLANCE,

Twenty-second U. S. Infantry.

Sir : I have the honor to inform you that the Division Com-
mander, Major General H. W. Lawton, U. S. V., in his final report,
dated September 26, 1899, of an expedition to the Provinces of Bulucan,
Neuva Ecija and Pampanga, Luzon, P. I., April 22 to May 30, 1899,
(San Isidro or Northern Expedition) recommended you for BREVET
as LIEUTENANT COLONEL, U. S. Army, under Section 1209, R. S.

The following is an extract from the General's report of that
expedition :

"In my opinion Major BALLANCE DESERVES GREAT CREDIT FOR THE

MANNER IN WHICH HE CONDUCTED THE ADVANCE GUARD. BY HIS SKILL
AND PRUDENCE, HE SO DEVELOPED AND FLANKED THE ENEMY AS TO
PREVENT THE EXECUTION OF A SURPRISE, WHICH I BELIEVE THE ENEMY

HAD PLANNED, AND, in all human probability, ACCOMPLISHED WITHOUT
CASUALTY what would have cost us dearly. (Appendix, Page 90 1-3,
Major Parker's Report.) and Major Ballance deserves great credit
for the manner in which he carried out his orders. His skirmish line
moved forward with energy, and over very difficult ground, driving
the enemy before him from positions evidently intended as a surprise
for our flank and rear," (Appendix, Page 90 1-3, Lieutenant Colonel
Truemann's Report.) and, "I HEARTILY CONCUR IN THE FAVORABLE
MENTION OF MAJOR BALLANCE." (Appendix, Page 90 2-3, General
Lawton's indorsement.)

Very respectfully,

(Signed) CLARENCE R. EDWARDS,

Lieut. Col. 47th Inf.. U. S. V.,

Acting Asst. Adjt. General.



58
EXHIBIT 26.

GENERAL LAWTON FORWARDS COMMUNICATION OF GENERAL YOUNG,
DATED NOVEMBER 17, 1899, TO GENERAL OTIS, RECOMMENDING
CAPTAIN BALLANCE "FOR DISTINGUISHED GALLANTRY IN ACTION,
TO BE BREVETTED TO THE GRADE ABOVE THAT Now HELD."
NOVEMBER, 19, 1899.

Extract from communication from General Young to General Otis
through General Lawton. Published in the report of the Secretary of
War, dated June 30, 1900. Vol. I, Part, 6, Page 161.

Pozzorubio, Luzon, Nov. 17, 1899.
MAJOR GENERAL OTIS:

Aguinaldo is now a fugitive and an outlaw, seeking security in
escape to the mountains or by sea. . . . Aguinaldo is accompanied
by his wife and several other women ; also by General Pilar and General
Tinio. . . . The route of the fugitive is through Alava, Rosario
. . . to Benguet Province. . . . My men have had no supplies
from government for past five days. Many of them are bare-footed,
hatless and coatless, but their hearts are all right.

Please inform General Lawton, as the floods prevent my com-
municating with him by courier.

(Signed) YOUNG,

Brigadier General.

Above was sent to General Otis by mail with the following indorse-
ment, November 18, 1899. Respectfully forwarded to the Chief of
Staff, Manila ... I desire again heartily and earnestly to recom-
mend Gen. Young and the officers and men of his command for their
distinguished gallantry, fortitude and energy. General Young is entitled
to all the credit for the work accomplished by him.

*

I WISH PARTICULARLY TO COMMEND AND TO REQUEST EARLY RECOG-
NITION OF THE FOLLOWING NAMED OFFICERS FOR DISTINGUISHED
GALLANTRY IN ACTION . . . CAPTAIN BALLANCE ... TO BE
BREVETTED IN THE REGULAR ARMY TO THE GRADE ABOVE NOW HELD.

(Signed) LAWTON.



59

EXHIBIT 27.

MAJOR GENERAL Wi-i EATON'S LETTER STATES THAT THE CONDUCT OF
CAPTAIN BALLANCE WAS MOST GALLANT AND EFFICIENT, HE
LEADING His BATTALION ON EVERY OCCASION.

Headquarters Expeditionary Brigade,

Eighth Army Corps,
Tayug, P. I., December 20, 1899.
The Adjutant General, U. S. A.,

Washington, D. C.

Sir: It is my wish to invite the attention of the Department to
the services of Captain John G. Ballance, 22nd U. S. Infantry, who
has commanded a battalion of the regiment ever since arrival in the
Philippine Islands. Captain Ballance, with his battalion, was under my
command in the operations about Pasig, in March last, and in the
campaign from Caloocan to Malolos, March 25th to 3ist. His CONDUCT

WAS MOST GALLANT AND EFFICIENT; HE LEADING HIS BATTALION ON

EVERY OCCASION. He w r as with me during a part of the operations
ending with crossing the Rio Grande at Calumpit, April 2/th, last.

HlS HIGH PROFESSIONAL ATTAINMENTS AND GALLANT CONDUCT ARE

WORTHY OF CONSIDERATION, and I recommend him as qualified and
deserving of any rank in the Volunteer service it may be practicable
to confer upon him.

Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

( Signed) LOYD WHEATON,

Brigadier General, U. S. V.

EXHIBIT 28.

OFFICERS OF THE FOURTH CAVALRY STATE THEY DESIRE TO PLACE ON
RECORD THE OPERATIONS OF THE BATTALION CAPTAIN BALLANCE
so ABLY COMMANDED DECEMBER 2QTH, 1899.

Headquarters 4th U. S. Cavalry,

Pasay Cavalry Barracks, P. I.,

December 29, 1899.
CAPTAIN JOHN GREEN BALLANCE,

22nd U. S. Infantry, Manila. P. I.
My dear Captain Ballance :

Myself and the officers of the ist Squadron. 4th Cavalry, wish
to place ourselves on record, concerning the operations of the Battalion
of the 22nd Infantry. WHICH YOU so ABLY COMMANDED ON THE
NORTHERN EXPEDITION.

FROM ARAYAT TO CABANATUAN YOUR BATTAI.ION HELD THE POST
OF HONOR the advance of the Brigade, and was supported by the ist



60

Squadron, 4th Cavalry, WHICH GAVE us EVERY OPPORTUNITY TO JUDGE
THE EFFICIENCY, DISCIPLINE AND GALLANTRY, WHICH WERE IN A MARKED
DEGREE DISPLAYED BY YOUR BATTALION, UNDER THE MOST TRYING CON-
DITIONS, AND WHICH, UNDER YOUR ABLE DIRECTION, WON THE ADMIRA-
TION OF ALL OF US.

EVERY DUTY WAS PERFORMED IN A PERFECTLY BUSINESS-LIKE AND
SOLDIERLY MANNER, WITHOUT FUSS OR DISPLAY, REGULAR IN ACTION AS

IN NAME.

THE WORK OF YOUR BATTALION, in OUT Opinion, TENDED GREATLY
TO THE SUCCESS OF THE EXPEDITION.

With sincere wishes for the advancement in rank, which you so
richly deserve, we remain,

Sincerely yours,
(Signed) :

E. M. HAYES, Lieutenant Colonel, 4th Cavalry.

J. A. AUGUR, Major, 4th Cav., Com. ist Squadron.
GEO. H. CAMERON, Captain, 4th Cavalry.
KIRBY WALKER, ist Lieutenant, 4th Cavalry.
ALEX. M. DAVIS, ist Lieutenant, 4th Cavalry.
C. D. DUDLEY, 2nd Lieutenant, 4th Cavalry.
J. N. MUNRO, 2nd Lieutenant, 4th Cavalry.
Lucius R. HOLBROOK, 2nd Lieutenant, 4th Cavalry.

EXHIBIT 29.

Lieutenant Colonel (later Brigadier General) Wessell's letter, states he
considers Captain Ballance as "the most exemplary officer of those
with whom he has served on the islands," January I, 1900.

Third Cavalry,

San Fernando de Union, Jan. i, 1900.
CAPTAIN J. G. BALLANCE,

22nd Inf., San Luis, near Candaba, Luzon.

Sir: If I was called upon to state WHOM I CONSIDERED THE MOST
EXEMPLARY OFFICER OF THOSE WITH WHOM I HAVE SERVED ON THE
ISLAND, MY ANSWER WOULD BE, YOURSELF.

I had occasion to see a great deal of you and your command during
the march from Cabanatuan to San Fabian and CANNOT SAY TOO MUCH
OF THE SOLDIERLY QUALITIES OF BOTH. Some cavalry officer had before
I joined you SPOKEN OF THE SOLDIERLY QUALITIES OF YOU AND YOUR

COMMAND IN ACTION, I SAW YOU UNDER MORE TRYING CIRCUMSTANCES



61

THAN ORDINARY BATTLE AND YOU SHOWED THE FINEST KIND OF ESPRIT
AND DISCIPLINE.

Very respectfully,
(Signed) H. W. WESSELLS,
Lieut. Col., 3rd Cav., Com. Reg.

EXHIBIT 30.

Brigadier General (Later Lieutenant General) Young's letter, com-
mending Captain Ballance for his method of conducting his
advance. January 3, 1900.

OFFICE OF MILITARY GOVERNOR OF
NORTHWESTERN LUZON, P. I.

Vigan, January 3, 1900.
CAPTAIN J. G. BALLANCE,
22nd Infantry.

Dear Ballance : I have repeated to the Chief of Staff my desire
to have you here to assist me in establishing civil government and
teaching these people how to start the machinery under the new regime.

The work of your battalion from Arayat on, while under my com-
mand and observation, was magnificent and beyond my highest expec-
tation, after realizing the condition of the flooded country, through
which progress seemed impossible.

Your method of conducting the advance of my column from Cabiao
to San Isidro, and from San Isidro to Santa Rosa, fighting EVERY MILE

AGAINST A FORCE SUPERIOR IN NUMBERS TO YOUR OWN, SHOULD FORM
A CHAPTER IN OUR TEXT BOOKS OF MILITARY OPERATIONS, TO BE STUDIED
AND FOLLOWED BY ALL OUR YOUNG OFFICERS.

THESE OPERATIONS, conducted under my personal observation and
supervision, FOR RAPIDITY OF MOVEMENT, SWIMMING STREAMS and

FLANKING STRONG INTRENCH MENTS FILLED WITH STRONG FORCES OF
THE ENEMY, CONSTRUCTING RAFTS TO CROSS MEN WHO COULD NOT SWIM.
CARRYING FIVE OF THESE INTRENCHED CROSSINGS IN ONE DAY, AND
COVERING THE DISTANCE FROM SAN ISIDRO TO SANTA ROSA IN ONE DAY

(TEN MILES) SURPASS ANY ACHIEVEMENT IN MINOR TACTICS THAT I
KNOW OF.

It was accomplished with a loss of only two men killed and one
wounded in your command, while the loss to the enemy was over
one hundred.

I KNOW HOW IMPOSSIBLE IT SEEMED TO ME, after leaving Cabana-

tuan, THAT YOU COULD REACH HUMINGAN IN TIME TO BE OF SERVICE
IN CUTTING INTO RoSALES TO INSURE THE SAFETY OF MY SCATTERED

CAVALRY, at that time covering every avenue of escape for the enemy



62

to Bayombong, AND VKT YU ACCOMPLISHED IT; AND THI-: PRESENCE OF
YOUR COMMAND AT THAT STRATEGIC POINT, including four guns of the
mountain battery, CAUSED THE LINK OK RAILROAD IN MACARTHUR'S

FRONT TO BE EVACUATED BY THE ENEMY.

I regretted sincerely, both personally and professionally, your
detention at Binalonan during my further advance northward.

I WAS VERY MUCH CRIPPLED, IN THE LATTER OF THE CAMPAIGN
1-KOM BOANG NORTH, BY THE DETENTION OF YOUR BATTALION, the moun-
tain battery, and five troops of the Third Cavalry.

Knowing that the hardships and privations endured by you in the
campaign have temporarily impaired your health, I believe the pure
mountain air in this section and the fine sanitary conditions would
rapidly restore it ; and besides, I need your assistance in the work
assigned me.

ASSURING YOU OK MY HIGHEST APPRECIATION OF YOUR MILITARY
SKILL AND ABILITY, AS EVINCED IN THE LATE CAMPAIGN, \ND HOPING
YOU MAY JOIN ME SOON, I remain,

Always your friend,
i Signed) S. P.. M. YOUNG,

Brigadier General.

EXHIBIT 31.

Brigadier General (Later Lieutenant General) Young Reports on an
Expedition to Northern Luzon and i^ Highly Commendatory of
the Work of Captain Ballance and his Battalion. Published in
Report of Secretary of War, Year 1900, Vol. i. Part 6, Page
262, et seq.

Vigan, January 6, 1900.
Adjutant General,

Department of the Pacific and Kighth Army Corpv

Sir: I have the honor to submit the following report of opera-
tions by the forces under my command from date of my arrival in the
Philippines until January 5, la^t.

****

A reconnoissance on the evening of the iith in the direction of
\rayat drove back the outposts of the enemy and found the roads
and rice fields on either side impassable for horses or vehicles of
any kind.



63

CAPTURE OF ARAYAT.

The head of my column moved out at 7 a.m. on the I2th and
encountered the enemy's advance post at 8, driving it rapidly within
the intrenchments.



BALLANCE REPORTED WITH HIS BATTALION, 22nd Infantry, FROM
CANDABA.

My command was reorganized at Arayat, and plans were made
for its northward march.

*

THE TOWN OF CABIAO WAS REPORTED AS STRONGLY INTRENCHED, and
it was known that there was a force of insurgents of four companies
on the road to Cabiao, at a place called Libutad (Malibutad) which
was the most advanced post of the insurgents. While the supplies and
the rest of the command were crossing, it was projected to clear the
road to and capture Cabiao with Ballance's battalion and the scouts.

. . . BALLANCE WAS DIRECTED TO PROCEED WITH HIS BATTALION
UP THE DIRECT ROAD TO THE FRONTAL ATTACK. . . .

FIGHT AT LIBUTAD (MALIBUTAD).

Ballance's column, with his advance guard, preceded by a screen of its
infantry scouts, started up the direct road before daylight.

An outpost of the enemy was encountered at San Mateo, which
was driven back to Libutad, where the main fight of the day occurred.
. . . A stubborn resistance was made, but TIIK ENEMY WAS DRIVEN
OUT with a loss of one officer and three enlisted men killed ; one officer
and 29 enlisted men wounded, and 70 were made prisoners. The
advance was then continued to Cabiao, which was captured without
serious resistance, and was entered by Ballance's column, about 9:30 a.m.

Captain Cameron, with a portion of his troops, which had been sent
to keep open communications with Ballance's column and keep the
road clear of insurgents who were carrying on a guerrilla warfare,
reported to Ballance in Cabiao about noon.

FIGHT AT SAX FERNANDO.

In the afternoon of the same day A KKCONNOISSANCE WAS MADE
BY A PART OF BALLANCE'S BATTALION ri- 1 in-. Kivi-.k on the road leading
to San Isidro. Scouts of the enemy were encountered about a mile



64

outside of Cabiao, who fell back firing, on the main force intrenched
in the barrio of San Fernando about two miles from Cabiao. . . .



The enemy was found to be intrenched on both sides of the river,
and a brisk fire was opened on our troops from both banks. AFTER

CONSIDERABLE FIRING, OUR INFANTRY DISLODGED THE INSURGENTS ON THE

LEFT BANK and produced so much confusion among the enemy that
they began firing at one another, which completed their demoralization,

and THEY WERE DRIVEN FROM THE INTRENCHMENTS ON BOTH SIDES OF

THE RIVER BY OUR FORCES, which were less in number than their force
on either side.

As our force was inferior in numbers and it was near dusk, it
did not pursue the enemy, but returned to Cabiao, meeting on the
road the rest of Ballance's battalion, which, had, on hearing the firing
in the distance, left their suppers and gone to their support.

THE OVERWHELMING DEFEAT OF THE INSURGENTS AT LlBUTAD AND

SAN FERNANDO, and the capture of such a large number of them at
the very beginning of my northern advance . . . ENABLED ME WITH

ONE BATTALION OF INFANTRY (BALLANCE'S 22ND INFANTRY) TO SUR-
MOUNT OBSTACLES AND ACHIEVE GREATER RESULTS THAN I HAD THOUGHT
POSSIBLE FOR THEM TO ACCOMPLISH, AND WHICH HAD BEEN, HERETOFORE,
NOT EVEN ATTEMPTED BY AMERICAN INFANTRY AND COULD NOT HAVE
BEEN ACCOMPLISHED BY THIS BATTALION HAD IT NOT BEEN COMPOSED
OF THE BEST MATERIAL AND BEEN THOROUGHLY WELL TRAINED AND
DISCIPLINED.

I arrived in Cabiao at 9 p.m. . . . BALLANCE WAS PLACED

IN CHARGE OF THE ADVANCE GUARD AND GIVEN COMMAND OF A TEM-
PORARY BRIGADE, COMPOSED OF TROOPS FROM THE FOURTH CAVALRY,
THE BATTERY OF ARTILLERY, AND ONE TROOP OF THE THIRTY-SEVENTH

INFANTRY, U. S. V., AND TWENTY-SECOND INFANTRY.

ON ACCOUNT OF HIS EDUCATION AND EXPERIENCE, AND HIS BRAVERY,
GOVERNED BY A SOUND JUDGMENT, HE WAS WELL FITTED TO COMMAND
A BRIGADE IN THE FIELD, ENGAGED IN AN ACTIVE CAMPAIGN J and he

had, moreover, been over the ground the previous spring with the


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