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Washington, D. C.

Sir: I have the honor to recommend that Major John Green Bal-
lance, I3th Infantry, be appointed a Brigadier General in the U. S.
Army.



ss

In connection therewith I have the honor to enclose a copy of a
letter dated May 2nd, 1900, written by me to Major General Otis,
recommending his appointment as Brigadier General of Volunteers, and
which he forwarded with the endorsement attached.

MAJOR BALLANCE HAS HAD A HIGH REPUTATION AS AN ABLE AND
CONSCIENTIOUS OFFICER FOR MANY YEARS. He began his remarkable
record in the Philippines as commander of a battalion of the 22nd
Infantry. KNOWN AS "BALLANCE'S BATTALION," WHICH HAD THE BEST

REPUTATION OF ANY BATTALION ON THE ISLANDS, AS A WELL-DISCIPLINED

AND EFFICIENT FIGHTING FORCE. As stated in my official report, it
was THE BEST BATTALION I HAVE EVER SEEN IN THE UNITED STATES
ARMY.

At my request it was assigned to duty with the expedition I was
organizing in October, 1899, to flank Aguinaldo's army. MAJOR GEN-
ERAL LAWTON SAID TO ME AT THE TIME THAT MAJOR BALLANCE WAS
THE BEST COMMANDER HE HAD IN HIS ARMY.

After the expedition was organized Major Ballance was given com-
mand of a provisional brigade, which included the Infantry, a Squadron
of Cavalry, a Battery of Artillery, and a Battalion of Native Troops.

HlS DIFFICULT, DARING AND SUCCESSFUL MARCH FROM HuMINGAN
TO ROSALES, WITH ONLY A PORTION OF HIS BRIGADE, AGAINST WHAT W r AS
SUPPOSED TO BE THE MAIN INSURGENT ARMY, CAUSED GREAT ANXIETY
FOR HIS SAFETY IN THE MINDS OF MANY. UNTIL ITS SUCCESS WON THE
ADMIRATION OF ALL. No WORK WAS TOO DANGEROUS FOR HIS COMMAND
TO UNDERTAKE, NO HARDSHIP TOO GREAT FOR IT TO ENDURE, NO OBSTACLE
TOO DIFFICULT FOR IT TO OVERCOME.

He had charge of and ably conducted the advance of the expedition,

SKILLFULLY PLANNED THE ENGAGEMENTS, AND. AFTER MY APPROVAL,
CARRIED THEM OUT AS PLANNED, AND WAS SUCCESSFUL IN EVERY RESPECT.

After the dispersion of Aguinaldo's army, MAJOR BALLANCE WAS

PLACED IN CHARGE OF THE CIVIL AFFAIRS OF NORTHWESTERN LUZON,
AND HAS SHOWN RARE TACT AND ABILITY" IN THE SUCCESSFUL ORGANIZA-
TION OF MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENTS AND CIVIL COURTS, AND HAS ACHIEVED
A GREATER SUCCESS IN TEACHING THESE PEOPLE THE PRINCIPLES OF SELF-
GOVERNMENT THAN ANY OTHER OFFICER, AND HAS SHOWN HIMSELF
ESPECIALLY WELL QUALIFIED TO PERFORM THE DUTIES OF A GENERAL
OFFICER IN SOLVING THE MILITARY AND CIVIL PROBLEMS THAT WILL CON-
STANTLY ARISE DURING OUR MILITARY OCCUPATION OF THESE ISLANDS.
I RECOMMEND THIS APPOINTMENT AS A JUST REWARD AND RECOG-
NITION OF THE PAST SERVICES OF MAJOR BALLANCE, AND ALSO BECAUSE
HE IS THE MOST SUITABLE OFFICER I KNOW TO PLACE IN COMMAND OF A



-

MILITARY DEPARTMENT IN THESE ISLANDS, and I believe his appointment
will give the greatest satisfaction to those who have taken the most
active part in crushing this insurrection.



As THE ONE MOST ENTITLED TO RECEIVE THAT REWARD, AND THE
ONE TO WHOM THIS RECOGNITION WOULD GIVE THE GREATEST SATISFAC-
TION TO THOSE ENGAGED IN THAT CAMPAIGN, I REQUEST THAT MAJOR
BALLANCE BE APPOINTED A BRIGADIER GENERAL IN THE UNITED STATES
ARMY.

Very respectfully,

( Signed ) S. B. M. YOUNG,

Major General, U. S. Army.

EXHIBIT 40.

BRIGADIER GENERAL (LATER MAJOR GENERAL BELL, CONGRATULATES
MAJOR BALLANCE ON His PROMOTION TO BRIGADIER GENERAL AND
STATES "Tnis DISTINCTION HAS BEEN FULLY EARNED." MAY i,
1901.
HEADQUARTERS FIRST DISTRICT, DEPARTMENT NORTHERN LUZON.

Vigan. P. I.. May I. IOXDI.
Brigadier General John G. Ballance.

U. S. Volunteers, Vigan, P. I.

Sir: I learned today of your promotion and consequent relief from
duty in this district, where you have so long and ably performed the
duty of Chief Assistant. In offering you my congratulations upon your
promotion, I can sincerely add that in my opinion THIS DISTINCTION

HAS BEEN FULLY EARNED BY THE EXCEPTIONALLY VALUABLE AND WORTHY
SERVICE WHICH HAS BEEN PERFORMED BY YOU.

Xo ONE UNACQUAINTED WITH THE CONDITIONS PREVAILING. WHEN

YOU, with your battalion, were a part of the force which, under Major
General S. B. M. Young, L". S. Army, made the memorable campaign
against and in pursuit of Aguinaldo and his scattering forces. CAN POS-
SIBLY APPRECIATE THE DEGREE OF DETERMINATION, FEARLESSNESS AND
ABILITY REQUISITE IN COMMANDING OFFICERS WHO ACHIEVE SUCH SUC-
AS YOUR BATTALION ACCOMPLISHED UNDER YOUR COMMAND IN
SPITE OF ALL THE DIFFICULTIES ENCOUNTERED. WITHOUT FOOD, CLOTH-
INT, OR SHOES, AND IN THE HEART OF THE WORST RAINY SEASON I
HAVE EXPERIENCED HERE IN THREE YEARS'" SERVICE. THE LONG AND
RAPID MARCHES MADE BY YOU. IN CONTINUOUS MUD. AND THE AMOUNT
OF FIGHTING DONE. GAVE A JUSTLY EARNED REPUTATION TO THE BAT-
TALION YOU COMMANDED.



90

AT THESE HEADQUARTERS EVIDENCES OF ABLE AND VALUABLE SERV-
ICE PERFORMED BY YOU ARE FOUND ON EVERY SIDE, NOT ONLY IN SYS-
TEMATIZING AND REGULATING MILITARY BUT ALSO CIVIL AFFAIRS. THE
REGARD IN WHICH YOU ARE HELD BY THE NATIVE POPULATION IS AN
ELOQUENT TESTIMONIAL TO THE TACTFULNESS AND CONSIDERATION WITH
WHICH YOU HAVE DISCHARGED YOUR DUTY AS "ClVIL GOVERNOR."

Hoping that you may meet with every success possible, and that I
may at some time in the future have the advantage of your valuable
assistance, believe me,

Truly and sincerely yours,

(Signed) J. F. BELL,
Brigadier General, U. S. Army, Commanding.

EXHIBIT 41.

MAJOR GENERAL WHEATON TO ADJUTANT GENERAL, RECOMMENDS
THAT MAJOR BALLANCE BE APPOINTED A BRIGADIER GENERAL ON
ACCOUNT OF "His HIGH PROFESSIONAL ACQUIREMENTS, COURAGE
AND ENERGETIC PERFORMANCE OF DUTIES," AND "HE RECOMMENDS
IT FOR THE INTEREST OF THE ARMY." Nov. 8, 1901.

HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF NORTHERN LUZON.

Manila. P. I., November 8, 1901.
The Adjutant General, U. S. A.,

Washington, D. C.

Sir: It is my wish to invite the attention of the Department to
the services in Northern Luzon of Major John Green Ballance, Assist-
ant Adjutant General, late Brigadier-General, U. S. V.

MAJOR BALLANCE HAS PARTICIPATED IN ALL IMPORTANT OPERA-
TIONS IN NORTHERN LUZON SINCE FEBRUARY, 1899, AND HAS AS AN
OFFICER commanding troops in the field and as a staff officer in the
administration of affairs civil and military, DISPLAYED GREAT ENERGY
AND MARKED ABILITY. HlS KNOWLEDGE OF CONDITIONS IN LUZON AND
HIS HIGH PROFESSIONAL ACQUIREMENTS, COURAGE AND ENERGETIC PER-
FORMANCE OF DUTIES RENDER HIS SERVICES OF GREAT VALUE TO THE
UNITED STATES IN THE ARCHIPELAGO, AND IN THE EVENT OF FUTURE
PROMOTIONS TO THE GRADE OF BRIGADIER GENERAL I RECOMMEND FOR
THE INTEREST OF THE ARMY THAT HE BE FAVORABLY CONSIDERED.

Very respectfully,

(Signed) LOYD WHEATON,

Major General, U. S. A.



91

EXHIBIT 42.

GENERAL D. S. STANLEY TO SECRETARY or WAR RECOMMENDS MAJOR
BALLANCE BE APPOINTED A BRIGADIER GENERAL, AS "HE HAS
NEVER SEEN HIM EXCELLED IN ENERGY, ENTERPRISE, SOUND JUDG-
MENT AND DECISION," "No BETTER APPOINTMENT COULD BE
MADE."

Washington, D. C., Nov. 13, 1901.
The Honorable, The Secretary of War.

Sir: I have the honor to address you in the interest of John G.
Ballance, Major of Infantry and Assistant Adjutant General, U. S.
Army, asking for his appointment as Brigadier General, U. S. Army.

I respectfully invite your attention to the record of this officer in
justification of my recommendation and DESIRE TO ADD THAT MY INTI-
MATE KNOWLEDGE OF HIS ABILITY AND CHARACTER, EXTENDED OVER A
DOZEN YEARS OF SERVICE.

AS A LINE AND STAFF OFFICER I HAVE NEVER SEEN HIM EXCELLED
IN ENERGY, ENTERPRISE, SOUND JUDGMENT AND DECISION, IN ALL PHASES
OF PROFESSIONAL LIFE. FURTHER, HIS MORAL TRAITS ARE JUST AS
ADMIRABLE. No BETTER APPOINTMENT COULD BE MADE.

Very respectfully,

(Signed) D. S. STANLEY,
Brevet Major General, U. S. A., Retired.

EXHIBIT 43.

MAJOR GENERAL (LATER LIEUTENANT GENERAL) YOUNG IN A LETTER
TO GEN. H. C. CORBIN, ADJUTANT GENERAL, RECOMMENDS MAJOR
BALLANCE FOR BRIGADIER GENERAL, THAT "BALLANCE'S BATTALION
WAS THE BEST I HAVE EVER SEEN IN THE SERVICE." MAJOR
GENERAL LAWTON SAID "THAT MAJOR BALLANCE WAS THE BEST
COMMANDER HE HAD IN His ARMY." Nov. 15, 1901.
HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF CALIFORNIA.
OFFICE OF THE COMMANDING GENERAL.

San Francisco, Cal., Nov. 15, 1901.
(Copy of Letter)
Major General H. C. Corbin, Adjutant General of the Army,

Washington, D. C.

General: In reply to your confidential note of Sept. 30, 1901,
requesting recommendation of officers who, in my opinion, are specially
fitted and deserving of promotion to the grade of brigadier general, I
have the honor to submit the following:

The selection of general officers to command troops is a matter of
such importance to the army and the country that he who is honored



92

by being asked to advise upon the subject should weigh well the
counsel he gives.



A potent factor is mentality, love of truth, love of soldiers, and
willingness to share with them the hardships incident to a soldier's
practical life in all its phases.

Rewards must go to those of demonstrated fitness. Soldiers must
be taught, as the breath of their life, that the field of danger is pre-
eminently the post of honor, and that he who there acquits himself
meritoriously will not be forgotten by his country.

An officer who, throughout his official life, and during every day
of it, has grappled cheerfully and successfully with every military
duty which has fallen to his lot, must be encouraged to feel that such
virtues are recognized by superior authority and eventually will be
rewarded.

,.

My attention was first called to this officer by Brevet Major Gen-
eral Stanley, then Colonel Twenty-second Infantry, now brigadier
general, retired, and I personally LEARNED HIS WORTH DURING SERVICE
AT THE SAME POST, and in the same department on the Rio Grande
border.

MAJOR BALLANCE BEGAN HIS REMARKABLE AND BRILLIANT RECORD
IN THE PHILIPPINES AS COMMANDER OF A BATTALION OF THE TWENTY-
SECOND INFANTRY, WHICH CAME TO BE KNOWN AS "BALLANCE BAT-
TALLION." While there may have been other battalions equally disciplined
and efficient as a fighting force, YET FROM PERSONAL OBSERVATIONS BAL-
LANCE' s BATTALION WAS THE BEST I HAVE EVER SEEN OR COMMANDED

IN THE SERVICE, IN ACTUAL FIELD WORK.

At my request Ballance's battalion was assigned to duty with the
expedition I was organizing in October, 1899, to flank Aguinaldo's
army. MAJOR GENERAL LAWTON SAID TO ME AT THE TIME THAT MAJOR
BALLANCE WAS THE BEST COMMANDER HE HAD IN HIS ARMY.

After the expedition was organized, MAJOR BALLANCE WAS GIVEN

THE TEMPORARY COMMAND OF A PROVISIONAL BRIGADE, which included

his battalion, a squadron of cavalry, a battery of artillery and a bat-
talion of native troops.

HlS DIFFICULT, DARING AND SUCCESSFUL MARCH FROM HuMINGAN
TO ROSALES WITH ONLY A PORTION OF HIS BRIGADE AGAINST WHAT WAS
SUPPOSED TO BE THE MAIN INSURGENT ARMY, CAUSED A GREAT ANXIETY



93

FOR HIS SAFETY IN THE MINDS OF MANY UNTIL ITS SUCCESS WON HH-
ADMIRATION OF ALL.

No WORK WAS TOO DANGEROUS FOR HIS COMMAND TO UNDERTAKE;
NO HARDSHIP TOO GREAT FOR IT TO ENDURE; NO OBSTACLE TOO DIFFICULT
FOR IT TO OVERCOME.

He had charge of and ably conducted the advance of my expedition
as far as Resales. HE SKILLFULLY PLANNED THE ENGAGEMENTS up to
that point, AND AFIT.K MY APPROVAL, CARRIED THEM on AS PLANNED,

AND WAS SUCCESSFUL IN EVERY RESPECT.

After the dispersion of Ag-uinaldo's army, Major Ballance was
placed in charge of the civil affairs of northwestern Luzon, and SHOWED

RARE TACT AND ABILITY IN THE SUCCESSFUL ORGANIZATION OF MUNICI-
PAL GOVERNMENTS AND CIVIL COURTS, AND ACHIEVED GREAT SUCCESS IN
TEACHING THOSE PEOPLE THE PRINCIPLES OF SELF-GOVERNMENT.

HE HAS SHOWN HIMSELF ESPECIALLY WELL QUALIFIED TO PERFORM
THE DUTIES OF A GENERAL OFFICER, IN SOLVING THE MILITARY AND CIVIL
PROBLEMS THAT WILE CONSTANTLY ARISE DURING OUR OCCUPATION OF
THESE ISLANDS, BEFORE THE INHABITANTS BECOME AMENABLE TO, AND
FIT FOR, SELF-GOVERNMENT.

I RECOMMEND HIM AS SPECIALLY FITTED AND DESERVING OF PROMO-
TION TO THE GRADE OF BRIGADIER GENERAL.



Very respectfully,

< Signed) S. B. M. YOUNG,
Major General, U. S. Army.

EXHIBIT 44.

BRIGADIER GENERAL (LATER MAJOR GENERAL) F. D. GRANT REC-
OMMENDS MAJOR BALLANCE FOR APPOINTMENT AS BRIGADIER GEN-
ERAL "FOR GREAT SKILL, DISCRETION AND JUDGMENT, BUT A FOR-
TITUDE AND TENACITY THAT WOULD HONOR ANY MAN." NOV.
22, IQOI.

Headquarters Fourth Separate Brigade.

Nueva Cacares, Nov. 22, 1901.
Adjutant General, U. S. A.,
Washington, D. C.

Sir: I have the honor to RECOMMEND FOR APPOINTMENT TO THE
GRADE OF BRIGADIER GENERAL. U. S. A., MAJOR JOHN G. BALLANCE,
ADJT. GEN'L DEPT.. AND LATELY BRIG. GF.N. U. S. Y. MY RECOM-
MENDATION is BASED UPON MAT. BALLANCE'S SERVICES. He commanded
the troops covering the left flank of Gen. Lawton's column in the general
advance in Northern Luzon. Nov. 1899. The ijth L T . S. Infantry, com-



94

manded by Colonel (now General) J. H. Smith, of my brigade, covered
the right flank of Gen. MacArthur's column, both commands kept in
communication with each other, and both were handled perfectly and
made the advance in spite of obstacles that would have stopped any
command not accompanied by officers of the highest order. Colonel
Smith has received his well-earned promotion, while Major Ballance's
reward is yet to come.

IN THE ADVANCE OF THE UNITED STATES ARMY IN NORTHERN
LUZON, MAJOR BALLANCE NOT ONLY SHOWED GREAT SKILL, DISCRETION
AND JUDGMENT, BUT A FORTITUDE AND TENACITY THAT WOULD HONOR

ANY MAN.

I am. Sir,

With great respect,
Your obedient servant,
(Signed) F. D. GRANT,

Brig. Gen.. U. S. A.

EXHIBIT 45.

BRIGADIER GENERAL W. H. BISBEE RECOMMENDS THE APPOINTMENT
OF MAJOR BALLANCE AS A BRIGADIER GENERAL ON ACCOUNT OF
"SUPERIOR ABILITY AS A PRACTICAL COMMANDER IN MILITARY
AFFAIRS." Nov. 28, 1901.

HEADQUARTERS SECOND SEPARATE BRIGADE.
Department of Northern Luzon.

San Fernando, Province of Pampanga,

Nov. 28, 1901.
Major John Green Ballance,

Adjt. General, Manila.
Major:

My personal knowledge of your SUPERIOR ABILITY AS A PRACTICAL

COMMANDER OF MILITARY AFFAIRS IS SO PRONOUNCED AND HAS EXTENDED
OVER SO MANY YEARS OF SERVICE IN AMERICA AND THE PHILIPPINES

THAT I MAY, without prejudice to others, CLAIM THE HONOR OF RECOM-
MENDING YOU FOR AN APPOINTMENT AS BRIGADIER GENERAL IN THE

ARMY. This I do in the belief that the advancement must fall to you
when full record is placed before the War Department.

Your command of the Infantry in General Lawton's march north
in 1899 alone should promote you and THIS is BUT ONE OF THE MANY



95

SOLDIERLY ACTS WHICH AI'l'EAK PLAINLY AS MATTERS OK PATRIOTIC
HISTORY IN YOUR BEHALF.

Bespeaking for you an early success,

Very respectfully,
(Signed) WM. H. BISBEE,

I'.rig. Gen.. I'. S. V

EXHIBIT 46.

GENERAL FREDERICK FUNSTON RECOMMENDS MAJOR BALLANCE FOR
APPOINTMENT AS BRIGADIER GENERAL "FOR His ENERGY, GOOD
JUDGMENT AND EXECUTIVE ABILITY." THERE is NO OFFICER
"WHOSE APPOINTMENT WOULD MEET WITH MORE GENERAL
APPROBATION." DEC. 15, 1901.

Manila, P. I., Dec. 15, 1901.

The Adjutant General, I*. S. Army.

Sir:

I hope it is not improper for me to call the attention of the

War Department to THE EXCELLENT SERVICE RENDERED IN THESE

ISLANDS BY MAJOR JOHN GREEN BALLANCE, U. S. INFANTRY, AND TO

RECOMMEND HIS APPOINTMENT TO THE GRADE OF BRIGADIER GENERAL,
A RANK FOR WHICH HIS ENERGY, GOOD JUDGMENT AND EXECUTIVE
ABILITY IMMENSELY FIT HIM.

I have had excellent opportunity to be acquainted with Major
Ballance's services during the past three years and feel justified in
saying that no OFFICER HERE is MORE COMPETENT OR MORE DESERVING
OR WHOSE APPOINTMENT WOULD MEET WITH MORE GENERAL APPROBA-
TION AMONG THOSE WHO HAVE SEEN FIELD SERVICE IN THE
PHILIPPINES.

Very respectfully,
(Signed) FREDERICK FUNSTON,

Brigadier General, U. S. A.

EXHIBIT 47.
GOVERNOR (LATER SENATOR) W. O. BRADLEY, OF KENTUCKY, LETTER

TO THE PRESIDENT RECOMMENDS MAJOR BALLANCE FOR APPOINT-

MKNT AS BRIGADIER GENERAL AS HE "FOUND HIM TO BE ONE

OF THE MOST SUPERIOR MEN I EVER MET."

Louisville, Ky., Feb. 9, 1902.
Dear Mr. President:

T am sure I would not annoy you with a request did I not feel
from what T hear, that one of the most gallant and superior officers
in the Army may possibly be done a great injustice.



96

I allude to John Green Ballance, late Brigadier General of Volun-
teers, who seeks the appointment to that place in the regular Army.
General Ballance, as Captain in the 22nd Infantry, I believe, organized
KENTUCKY TROOPS FOR THE SPANISH WAR AND EARNED FOR HIMSELF
THE RESPECT AND ADMIRATION OF OUR PEOPLE. As GOVERNOR OF THE
STATE, I WAS FREQUENTLY THROWN IN CONTACT WITH HIM AND FOUND
HIM TO BE ONE OF THE MOST SUPERIOR MEN I EVER MET. His TCCOrd
in the Philippines more than vindicated my exalted opinion of his
merits, and I believe if you will read the report of General Young
you will agree with me that his services have been most remarkable.

I learn it has been charged that he is broken down in health, etc.
This I am sure is false as I am assured in a way that cannot mis-
take that the story is without foundation. I HAVE NO INTEREST IN

THIS MATTER SAVE ONE OF FAIR PLAY AND I HOPE AND TRUST THAT
THIS SPLENDID SOLDIER MAY NOT BE IGNORED.

Your friend,
(Signed) W. O. BRADLEY.

EXHIBIT 48.

MAJOR GENERAL E. S. OTIS RECOMMENDS MAJOR BALLANCE FOR
APPOINTMENT AS BRIGADIER GENERAL "AS A HARD WORKING,
CONSCIENTIOUS AND ABLE OFFICER." "HE RENDERED A SERVICE
THE IMPORTANCE OF WHICH CANNOT BE OVERESTIMATED."
HEADQUARTERS, DEPARTMENT OF THE LAKES,
CHICAGO, ILLINOIS.

February 22, 1902.
The Honorable Secretary of War,

Washington, D. C.
Sir:

Upon the request of Major John G. Ballance, Adjutant General's
Department, late Brigadier General of Volunteers, that I give a brief
recital of his Philippine and other services, I am pleased to state that
I have known Major Ballance as an officer of the Army since his
graduation from the Academy, and that HE HAS ALWAYS PROVED HIM-
SELF TO BE A HARD-WORKING, CONSCIENTIOUS AND ABLE OFFICER, One

having a general and technical knowledge of a high order, WITH

SUPERIOR PROFESSIONAL ATTAINMENTS.

Upon his arrival in the Philippines, I selected him on account of
his legal ability as a member of a board for the settlement of pend-
ing claims, but did not hold him there very long because OF HIS GREAT

DESIRE FOR SERVICE WITH TROOPS IN THE FIELD. He took Command

of a battalion of the 22nd Infantry, LED THE INFANTRY ADVANCE in



97

General Lawton's operations in Central Luzon during November, 1899,

and RENDERED A SERVICE THE IMPORTANCE OK WHICH CANNOT BE OVER-
ESTIMATED. When, on November 2nd, I learned that Aguinaldo was
moving his property and war material north by Tayug, General Lawton
was directed to swing rapidly to the northwestward by the Cabanatuan,
San Jose and Tayug line and cut off Aguinaldo's retreat. On Novem-
ber 9th General Young, with the advance cavalry, had reached San
Jose. General Wheaton had landed his troops at San Fabian west
coast of Luzon, and General MacArthur was about to take up 1m
advance from Angeles. General Young reached Tayug November
1 4th, and Major Ballance had then arrived at Humingan, northwest
of San Jose. Aguinaldo's forces had been defeated by Wheaton, and
he was making a great effort to escape into the northern provinces.
At this time Ballance moved southwestwardly on Resales, where he
encountered Aguinaldo's retreating forces and so MASTERLY MANEUVERED
HIS TROOPS AS TO COMPLETE THE ENEMY'S DEMORALIZATION AND RENDER
SECURE OUR SAN JOSE AND TAYUG LINE. THE ACCOMPLISHMENT OF
THIS IMPORTANT SERVICE DURING A PERIOD OF CONSTANTLY PREVAIL-
ING RAINS, IN A SWAMPY COUNTRY WITHOUT ROADS, DESERVES A MARKED
PLACE IN HISTORY, and is an example of the fortitude and constancy
displayed by our troops in Philippine service which our country has
never appreciated.

After the defeat of Aguinaldo's army, I sent Major Ballance to
Northern Luzon to report to General Young, relying ESPECIALLY UPON

HIS KNOWLEDGE, TACT AND PRACTICAL EFFICIENCY TO ESTABLISH CIVIL
GOVERNMENT IN THAT SECTION. MY CONFIDENCE IN MAJOR BAL-

LANCE'S ABILITY, ON WHICH I DREW LARGELY WHILE IN THE PHILIP-
PINES, WAS NEVER MISPLACED.

Very respectfully,
(Signed) E. S. OTIS.

EXHIBIT 49.

CAPTAIN J. G. BALLANCE COMMANDING A PROVISIONAL BRIGADE AND
ADVANCE GUARD REPORTS THE OPERATIONS OF THE TROOPS UNDER
His COMMAND IN THE EXPEDITION TO NORTHERN LUZON OCT.
i TO DEC. 7, 1899, DATED JAN., 1900. PUBLISHED IN REPORT OF
SEC. OF WAR YEAR 1900. VOL. i, PART 6, PAGE 294.

San Luis, Pampanga, P. I., Jan. 1900.

Adjutant-General,

First Division, 8th Army Corps, Manila, P. I.

Sir: In obedience to telegraphic instructions received from Maj.

J. M. Lee, Judge- Advocate of the First Division, given pursuant to



98

orders received from the chief of staff, 8th Army Corps, in which
I was directed to submit a complete and final report of the operations
of my command while a part of General Lawton's expedition to the
provinces of Bulucan, Pampanga, Neuva Ecija, and other central and
northern provinces during the last three months of 1899, I have the
honor to make the following report:

In order that the work accomplished by my command may be
understood I deem it necessary to state that when the First Battalion,
Twenty-second Infantry was first established I was placed in com-
mand of it, and although I had, at different times, other troops placed
under my orders and had charge, of the advance guard and com-
manded a provisional brigade in General Young's northern expedition,
I kept control of this battalion in all that pertained to drill and
discipline.

In the hard work incident to making an efficient military force
out of these four companies, 80 per cent of whom were raw recruits,
I was ably and willingly assisted by the company commanders, and
it is due to their hard work during the year that this battalion was
able to accomplish the remarkable results which won for it the admira-
tion of those of the sister arms of the service who were associated
with it, and caused it to receive the highest praise from Generals
Young, Lawton, and Otis.

There were placed at various times under my orders, between
Oct. i and Dec. 7, and in a provisional brigade I commanded, in
General Young's northern expedition the following troops: Three
troops, A, B, and E, Fourth Cavalry; one troop H (dismounted)
Thirty-seventh United States Volunteers; one battery G (six guns)
Thirty-seventh United States Volunteers; six companies A, E, F, G, I
and K, Twenty-second United States Infantry; four companies Maca-
bebe scouts ; one company Lowe's scouts, and one company Dorring-
ton's scouts.

The results of the two engagements I had with the enemy on
October i and October 4 have such an important bearing on the
northern expedition, and are so intimately connected with it that its
history would not be complete without mentioning them.

On October i, I crossed the Rio Grande de la Pampanga at
Candaba and proceeded up it toward Arayat with a battalion Twenty-
second Infantry. When we arrived at Matamo, which is on the
opposite side of the river and above Candating, the insurgents opened
a strong fire from a well-intrenched position on the river. The men
were deployed under the protection afforded by a dike near the river



99

and the walls and buildings of a sugar mill. After an engagement
of about thirty minutes we succeeded in silencing their fire, driving
them out of their intrenchments, killing 8 and wounding 12. While
riding from the left of the line to the right to give some orders my
horse was shot under me.

The troops defending the position were under Lt. Col. Alipeo
Tijon and belonged to the Nueva Ecija Battalion. This battalion, on
account of their defeat, were drawn back to Arayat, and the so-called
"famous" Manila Battalion placed in the front trenches, where I
encountered it a few days later.

The number of insurgents in the fight at Matamo is unknown.
The natives state there were 300, but I consider there were probably
less than 200.

Lieuts. Ivers W. Leonard and R. W. Parrott, Twenty-second
Infantry, deserve special commendation for their action in this fight
of Matamo.

As my orders prevented me from going farther 1 returned to
Candaba.

After their defeat at Matamo the enemy commenced new intrench-
ments farther up the river as a defense for the pueblo of Arayat,
increased the number of troops, and changed their commander.

FIGHT NEAR ARAYAT.

On Oct. 4, I again crossed the river at Candaba and proceeded
with my command up the road to Arayat. My scouts located the
enemy intrenched between Arayat and Matamo on both sides of the
river, and also in the bamboo thickets some distance from the river


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Online LibraryHoldridge Ozro CollinsThe military record of John Green Ballance → online text (page 8 of 13)