Horace Edwin Hayden.

Genealogical and family history of the Wyoming and Lackawanna Valleys, Pennsylvania; (Volume 2) online

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year war. He died June 5, 1325, in the sixty-first
year of his age, leaving as his monument the
yet existing kingdom of Wurtemberg, with its
famous capitol, Stuttgart. Of his three sons,
only the youngest survived — Ulrich. His reign
was short, and he was succeeded by his son Eber-
hard, called "the Groaner," also "the Rushing
Beard," who was a man of might and a brave sol-
dier, of whom it was said he could contend with
"five of the best warriors they could bring," He
died March 15, 1392, aged sixty-seven years. His
son, Ulrich, in love with the sister of a duke who
was at enmity with Eberhard, spent much time
in her company and in -the enemy's land, which so
enraged Eberhard that he erased the name of
Ulrich from the family record. Ulrich subse-
quently returned to the assistance of his father,
and commanded a division of troops in the battle
of Reuttingen, where he suffered repulse and was
slightly wounded. His father, not thinking he
had well acquitted himself, with his sword cut in
two the table cloth between them, thus indicating
their complete separation. Ulrich, determined to
redeem himf.elf, as soon as his wounds were
healed returned to the field, and in a desperate
battle at Dofifingen gained a great success against
large odds, but in the moment of victory was
slain from behind by three miscreants, to the great
sorrow of the father, who was found weeping in
his tent and not to be comforted. This scene
is commemorated in famous paintings in the Cor-
coran Art Gallery in Washington" City, in the
Boston Museum of Fine Arts, and in the museum
in Rotterdam, where is also a painting represent-
ing the cutting in two of the table cloth.

Eberhard, "the Mild," came to the throne
about 1392 and reigned twenty-five years. He ac-
complished much in raising the kingdom to a high
state of culture and refinement, and was esteemed
throughout Germany. He died May 16, 1417.
He was succeeded by his son Eberhard, "the
Younger," born August 23, 1388, who married
Henrietta, a woman of wealth, of the royal line
of King Sigesmund. Eberhard died July 2,
1419, leaving three children — Ludwig, Ulrich and
Anna. His widow ascended the throne, but
proved so unpopular that in the seventh year of
her reign she abdicated in favor of the eldest son,
Ludwig, who was succeeded by Eberhard, "with
the Beard," who was born December 11, 1445,
and died February 24, 1496. He was succeeded



by his nephew, Count Eberhard "the Young,""
born February I, 1447, died in 1504. Duke
Eberhard IH began his reign in 1633, and ruled
forty-one years. He encountered great difficul-
ties, coming to the throne with the beginning of
the Thirty Years War, when nearly all Germany
was laid waste. After a vigorous struggle he
was defeated in 1634, out of an army of 31,000
leaving 12,000 dead on the field, and losing four
thousand prisoners. After four years' banish-
ment he returned to find a ruined country — 40,000-
vineyards and 288,000 farms had been destroyed,
and schools, churches, and even entire villages
had been swept away. He gradually built up the
waste places, and died after a useful life, July 2.
1674. His son, Duke Leopold Eberhard, was the
last of his family to reign. He agreed to relin-
quish all claims for himself and family in favor
of Duke Eberhard Ludwig, who was recognized
as the next legal heir, for a certain annual pay-
ment. Init this plan was frustrated by a more dis-
tant relative, Duke Charles Angen, who became
Duke of Wurtemberg.

The foregoing narrative, derived from well
authenticated German authorities, brings us to
the planting of the Eberhard family in America.
The emigrant was Frederick Eberhard, who
landed in Philadelphia, March 30, 1737. He
came c^irect from Wurtemberg, where he be-
longed to the nobility, and he was often heard
to say that he was '"next to the Prince." He set-
tled in Chester county, Pennsylvania. His son
Christian, born 1728, died 1777, was a man of im-
portance, and held a commission under the British
crown. Of his nine children seven attained ma-
turity, and of these was James, who changed his
name to Everhart. He was born in Chester
county in 1760, and was a farmer. During the
Revolution he served under Washington, and
passed the memorable winter of 1777-78 at Val-
ley Forge. He was a man remarkable for ac-
tivity, strength, and a robust constitution ; was
one of the foremost men in the community, and
his judgment was often sought in the settlement
of disputes. He died in 1852, aged ninety-three
years, leaving three sons, William, John and
James.

James, youngest son of James Everhart, was
born on the homestead farm in 1789. He was an
officer in the war of 1812, and was afterward a
merchant at Pughtown, Chester county. He was
a remarkably enterprising man and accomplished
much in the lines of trade and manufacturing.
He took to England a shipload of oak bark (for
use in calico printing) , and exchanged it for mer-



THE WYOMING AND LACKAWANNA VALLEYS.



59'



chandise ; also engaged in the iron business, and
set up a foundry. It was during tliis time that
two four-horse wagonloads of anthracite coal
were about to pass his place en route for Phila-
delphia, there to be tested as fuel. Becoming in-
terested he bought the lot, and made successful
use of the coal in his furnace. The next two
loads went on to Philadelphia, but the substance
was declared to be of no value and was thrown
into the street — the difficulty being that the ex-
perimenters did not apply an underdraft. In
1820 James Everhart settled in Robeson town-
ship, Berks county, where he engaged in farming,
at the same time having a tannery and saw mill
at the headwaters of French creek. He subse-
quently bought the Jefferson furnace in Schuyl-
kill county, which he operated for some years,
working ore extracted from his own land. In
182S he was elected to the legislature, and was
re-elected by the unanimous vote of both parties
—a splendid tribute to his ability and personal
worth. He was an earnest advocate of educa-
tion, had school houses built in his neighborhood,
mainly at his own expense, and later was an ar-
dent supporter of free schools, in a day when the
system met with strong opposition. In 1817 he
married Mary M. Templin, born in Robeson,
Berks county, only child of Isaac and Catherine
Templin. Of the children born to them, John
died in Pittston in 1889, 3.ged seventy-one years;
Mrs. Eveline Heckel in 1885, aged sixty-one
years ; Willliam served with emergency troops
during the Civil war, and died in 1896, aged sev-
enty-one years ; James M. is to be further re-
ferred to ; Samuel A., resides in Reading ; Oliver
I., died in 1862; Dr. Isaiah F. is the subject of
a following sketch in this work.

James M. Everhart, son of James and Cath-
erine (Templin) Everhart, was born in Berks
county, Pennsylvania, June 7, 1828, and was edu-
cated in the common schools. On account of im-
paired health he suspended his studies to engage
in a more active life, and entered his father's
tannery, where he gained a thorough knowledge
of the business. After recovering his health he
became a student at the New London Academy,
and graduated with honor when twenty years old.
For two years afterward he clerked in the store
of an uncle in West Chester, Pennsylvania, and
then served for a time in a jobbing house in
Philadelphia. In 1853 he went to Pittston to care
for the landed interests of his father in that
neighborhood, largely increasing the value of the
property. During the Civil war he aided the gov-



ernment with his influence and means, partic-
ularly at the time of the invasion by the rebel
army in 1863. In 1867, in company with his
brother, Dr. Isaiah F. Everhart, he made an ex-
tended tour of Europe, and during his travels
acquired information which was greatly to his ad-
vantage during the remainder of his life.

In 1873 Mr. Everhart took up his residence in
Scranton and entered actively into the work of
promoting its industrial interests. He first pur-
chased an interest in the Scranton brass works ; a
year later, upon the death of his partner, became
sole proprietor, and found abundant opportunity
for the exercise of his mechanical skill and in-
ventive genius by improving and inventing many
appliances which were of vast advantage, and
some of which came into general use by the
trade. In 1889 he visited Central America to
care for mining interests, and in 1891 went to
Europe to adjust a complicated mining case in
the interest of a company of which he was presi-
dent. In 1895 he made an extended trip which
included the entire western coast region of the
United States and British America, the points of
special interest to him being the mining regions,
where he made critical inspection of all phases of
the industry.

Mr. Everhart's great usefulness was discern-
able in many of the most important enterprises
entering into the industrial and commercial ac-
tivities of the city of Scranton and the Lacka-
wanna region. He was president of the Ever-
hart Coal Company, and managing director in the
Moosic Mountain Coal Company and the Mt. .
Jessup Coal Company, and was also a director in
the Drop Forging Company. To him was due
the organization of the Traders' National Bank
of Scranton, of which he was an incorporator
and a director from its inception until his death.
He was also an organizer of the Moosic Mountain
Railway Company, in which he was a director.
Besides all these large interests, to which he gave
his close personal attention, he was interested
fi^iancially in numerous other commercial and
financial enterprises, and had large holdings of
valuable timber and coal lands. Keenly alive to
the duties and responsibilities of citizenship, he
bore a full part in supporting all worthy public
measures and religious, educational and charitable
institutions, but was averse to public distinction,
and steadfastly declined to become a candi '^te
for any political position. He was a stanch Iie-
publican, and exerted a quiet but potent influence
in the support of his party. He was a communi-



6o



THE WYOMING AND LACKAWANNA VALLEYS.



cant of St. Luke's ( Protestant Episcopal)
Church, a vestryman, and one of the most Hberal
'contributors to its support.

Mr. Everhart died suddenly in the arms of his
brother. Dr. Isaiah F. Everhart, and the sad
event forms a link in the chain of most curious
and distressing coincidences which are narrated
in the following sketch in this work. His re-
moval was that of a striking personality, a real
gentleman of the old school, whose like is not
possible in these days of changed conditions. The
soul of honor in every relation of life, his business
associates found in him one who was as devoted
to their interests as he was to his own, and the
men in his employ knew him as a personal friend.
One of the most sympathetic and tenderest heart-
ed of men, he was a ready helper of the needy
and distressed, dispensing his benefactions with a
charming want of ostentation, as though he would
spare the feelings of those to whom he was a
helper, and save them from the appearance of
dependency. He was loyal to the uttermost in
his personal friendships, and a delightful com-
panion. Given to much reading, his was a richly
stored mind. His extensive travel had expanded
his mind not alone along the lines of technical
knowledge pertaining to the business interests
with which he was associated, but he had acquired
a vast fund of general information which afforded
"him an unusual mental equipment, and made him
a most delightfully entertaining as well as in-
structive conversationalist. Naturally of a retir-
ing disposition, he made no exhibition of his
-powers, and it was only in his home circle or in
a company of intimate and congenial friends that
his fine qualities of heart and mind were to be
adequately known. He was, indeed, a true,
honorable, upright, ideal Christian gentleman,
whose entire life was a shining example to the
community.

HOWARD C. DOWN, M. D. The med-
ical profession of Lackawanna county finds in
Dr. Howard C. Down, of Dalton, an able and
worthy representative. Dr. Down is the great-
grandson of Sylvan Down, a native of Cornwall,
England, who in 1770 came to the American
colonies and settled at Easton, Pennsylvania.

Charles W. Down, son of Sylvan Down, was
born at Easton, but in middle life moved to Pike
county, Pennsylvania. He married a Miss Heck,
of Easton, and they were the parents of one
daughter, Mary. After the death of his wife
IMr. Down married Esther Newton, of Sterling
township. Pike county. Ry his second marriage



he was the father of the following children :
?\laria, Louisa, Russling, Americus H., men-
tioned at length hereinafter ; Lillian, Seth, Ozro,
and Homer.

Americus H. Down, son of Charles W. and
Esther (Newton) Down, was born in Pike
county, Pennsylvania, where he has led the life
of a prosperous farmer. He married Susan,
daughter of Cornelius Dimon and granddaugh-
ter of Stephen Dimon, who emigrated from Scot-
land and settled in Pike county, Pennsylvania,
where his descendants have ever since resided.
j\Ir. and Mrs. Down were the parents of two
children : Howard C, mentioned at length here-
inafter, and Nina D. Mr. Down, the father, now •
lives on the old Dimon homestead.

Howard C. Down, son of Americus H. and
Susan (Dimon) Down, was born May 20, 1872,
near Tafton, in Pike county, and received his
primary education at the district school, after-
ward attending the Hawley high school. When
nineteen years of age he took up the studv of
medicine under the guidance of Dr. C. T. Rod-
man, of Hawley. He subsequently entered Bal-
timore University, and in 1893 received from
that institution the degree of Doctor of Medi-
cine. After successfully practicing his profes-
sion for five years at Lake Como, Pennsylvania,
he took a post-graduate course at the Medico-
Chirur,gical College of Philadelphia. He then
settled in Dalton, where he has an extensive and
lucrative practice. Notwithstanding his devo-
tion to his chosen profession. Dr. Down finds
time to take an active interest in community af-
fairs and to act the part of a good citizen. He
now holds the office of auditor of Dalton bor-
ough. The Masonic fraternity claims him as a
worthy member, affiliating with Factoryville
Lodge, No. 345, Eree and Accepted Masons. In
politics he is a Republican. Dr. Down married, in
1902. Imogene, daughter of Bvron and Sarah
(Clark) Akerly.

HON. LOUIS ARTHUR WATRES, one
of the most accomplished members of the
Scranton bar, the promoter of manv leading
business enterprises of the city, and an in-
fluential factor in the political circles of the
state, is justly numbered among the rep-
resentative men of Scranton, and one who has
wielded a wide and beneficial influence in her
history.

Although little is known concerning the
ancestral records of the family, it is definitely
known that he is a descendant of the renowned




r^'i/Ctf ^^''-iT"



THE WYOMING AND LACKAWANNA VALLEYS.



6r



James Otis, of Massachusetts, and the name
Watres was closely associated with material,
intellectual and moral progress in the Lacka-
wanna Valley through the nineteenth century.
Lewis S. Watres, father of Louis Arthur Wat-
res, was born in Phoenixville, Pennsylvania,
in 1808. and became a resident of the Lacka-
wanna \'alley when but twenty-seven years of
age. He purchased four hundred acres of land
in the vicinity of Winton and turned his atten-
tion to the utilization of the timber which he
secured through this purchase. He was the
proprietor of many of the business enterprises
of his locality. To the name belongs the credit
of opening up one of the iirst coal mines of the
valley below Carbondale. Prominent in pol-
itical circles he served as justice of the peace
in Blakely township, and following his re-
moval to Scranton in 1865 he was elected ald-
erman of the Ninth ward and by re-election
was continued in that office until his death
in 1882. When the Civil war was inaugurated
his deep sympathy for the Union cause led him
to recruit a company which was mustered in
at Harrisburg and assigned to the Fifty-sec-
ond Pennsylvania Infantry, but his own ill
health pre^-ented him from going to the front.
Later he formed another company which be-
came a part of the Fifty-sixth Regiment, and
at home he put forth every possible effort to
advance the cause of the Union and uphold the
war policy of the president. His identifica-
tion with moral progress dated from early man-
hood. In 1837 he erected the first church in
the valley at Pecktown, it being of the Pres-
byterian denomination, and he bore the entire
expense with the exception of twelve dollars
contributed by others. While well fitted for
leadership and exerting a strong and benefi-
cial influence in public life it was his kindly
spirit, his broad humanitarian principles, the
depth of his character and his consideration
for others that won him not only the friend-
ship but the love of those with whom he was
associated. He married Harriet G. Hollister,
who possessed superior poetic talent and who
wrote many poems that became popular and
which were published over the pseudonym of
"Stella of Lackawanna." Some of these since
her death have been published in book form in
a volume entitled, "Cobwebs." Mr. and Mrs.
Lewis S. Watres became the parents of four
children: Mrs. John L. Hull: Charles: Louis
Arthur : and Carrie, who became the wife of



Judge Edward C. Lovell, of Elgin, Illinois,,
and died in the winter of 1896.

Louis Arthur Watres was born April 21,
185 1, in what is now Winton, Lackawanna
county, and his early common school privi-
leges were cut short by the necessity of earn-
ing his own livelihood. He was employed in va-
rious ways, meanwhile attending night school,
and at an early age he secured a position as
teller with the Merchants' and Mechanics'
Bank of Scranton, and later became cashier of
the County Saving Bank and Trust Company
of Scranton. It was his ambition, however, to.
become a member of the legal fraternity, and
applying himself assiduously to the mastery
of the legal principles he was enabled to suc-
cessfully pass the examinations that secured
him admission to the Lackawanna bar in 1878.
He entered upon practice with a laudable am-
bition to win a foremost place among the at-
torneys of Scranton, and gradually advanced'
until he had gained a distinctively representa-
tive clientage. His knowledge of the law is
comprehensive and exact. The energy and de-
termination which he manifested in his early
business career aided him greatly in fitting-
himself for his chosen profession. Various
business enterprises have also felt the stimu-
lus of his efforts and keen business foresight,
and have benefited by his wise counsel and
discernment. He is a stockholder and director
in various corporations in the Scranton and
Lackawanna Valley, and assisted in the organ-
ization of the Scranton Passenger Railway
Company, of which he became president. He
is the president of the County Savings & Trust
Company, of the Title Guarantee & Trust Com"
pany, of the Spring Brook Water Supply Com-
pany, of the Mansfield Water Company, of
the Economy Light, Heat & Power Company,
of the Pittston Slate Company, and of the
Boulevard Company.

His study of the political issues and ques-
tions of the day and his fitness for leadership
have won him prominence as a representative
of the Republican party of Pennsylvania, and
his political career has been an honor to the
state that has honored him. In 1881 he was
elected county solicitor of Lackawanna county
and retained that office until 1890. He was
state senator from 1883 to 1891, exercising a
commanding influence in that body, and ini-
tiating and aiding in the enactment of the most
important measures during that long and



'152



THE WYOMING AND LACKAWANNA VALLEYS.



eventful period. His retirement from the sen-
ate was only due to his advancement, he be-
ing- elected lieutenant-governor in the last year
of his senatorial service. His election to the
more august position was a splendid tribute
to his character and worth, his plurality being
22,365, while the candidate for governor (Pat-
tison) on the opposing Democratic ticket was
elected by a plurality of 17,000. He held his
high office for a term of four years, being ex-
officio president of the senate and ex-officio
president of the board of pardons. All these
weighty responsibilities were worthily borne,
and his official record was pronounced as
praiseworthy in the highest degree. By act of
the general assembly he was made a commis-
sioner from Pennsylvania to the World's Co-
lumbian Exposition at Chicago, and subse-
quently he was elected vice-president of the
board. In August, 1891, he was chosen chair-
man of the Republican state committee, and
has for a third of a century been active in
molding the afTairs of the Republican party
and guiding! its interests in Pennsylvania. For
many years he was an earnest advocate of per-
sonal registration and uniform primary laws,
which have just been enacted into laws, and he
has always stood for the best and purest politics.

Colonel Watres has long been actively
identified with the National Guard of the state,
and during his military career has been largely
instrumental in promoting the efficiency of
that magnificent corps. His service began in
1877, continuing until 1891, and he again served
from August, 1898, to August, 1904. For
seven years he was captain of Companv A,
Thirteenth Regiment. From 1887 to 1891 he
was a member of the governor's staff, as in-
spector of rifle practice, with the rank of colo-
nel. He subsequently became colonel of the
Eleventh Regiment Provisional Guard, and on
its return from the field and muster-out of ser-
vice, he became coonel of the Thirteenth Reg-
iment National Guard of Pennsylvania. He
was the first president of the National Guard
Association of Pennsylvania, and held the
office for two years.

In 1874 Mr. Watres was married to ^Tiss
Effie Hawley, and they have three sons : Har-
old, recently deceased; Laurence and Reyburn.
Colonel Watres has a wide and favorable
acquaintance throughout the state, having
been the associate and co-laborer of many of
the most distinguished men of Pennsylvania,
while in liis home localitv where he is best



known he has secured that closer warmer feel-
ing which is termed friendship, and which
arises from the commendable personal traits
of the individual.

HAROLD A. WATRES. In the death of
Harold A. Watres, the city of Scranton suffers
the loss of one of the most talented and promis-
ing of its 3'oung men, while the father, who
had fondly hoped to witness his rise to emi-
nence in the profession which he himself has
adorned, is called to sustain an infliction it
were an intrusion to dwell upon. Endowed
with natural qualifications of the highest order,
with the best collegiate equipment the leading
higher scliools could afford, and adorned with
the noblest traits of personal character, the
young lawyer was a first favorite with the bar
of Lackawanna county, by whose members he
was held in admiration for what he was, as
well as for what he was expected to achieve
in a career which had opened to him unusually
Ijrilliant prospects.

Harold A. Watres was born in Scranton,
March 23, 1879, eldest son of Hon. Louis A.
and Effie (Hawley) Watres. He was afiforded
every educational advantage, and of these he
made the best possible use. He began his edu-
cation in the puljlic schools and graduated with
honor from the high school. Even in those
early da3'S his strength of character was ap-
parent, as appears from an incident related by
Hon. John M. McCourt in his eulogy before
the Lackawanna Bar Association after the
young lawyer's decease. Said he: "He (Har-
old A. Watres) was almost too gentle and re-
served, and yet, where a principle was involv-
ed, he defended it with a flash and force that
stood out lurid against his usually calm and
quiet disposition. I very well recall his spir-
ited opposition as a mere school boy to certain
partisan doctrines set forth in a "Political
Economy" then in use in the high school. And
it was that very incident that immediately in-
spired the discussion of the subject in the pub-
lic prints of the city, and ultimated in the text-
book being supplanted by a non-partisan one.
It was then that I learned that the gentle hand
of Harold Watres could be a firm and heavv
one."

After leaving the high school, young



Online LibraryHorace Edwin HaydenGenealogical and family history of the Wyoming and Lackawanna Valleys, Pennsylvania; (Volume 2) → online text (page 13 of 130)