Horace Edwin Hayden.

Genealogical and family history of the Wyoming and Lackawanna Valleys, Pennsylvania; (Volume 2) online

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tire National Guard service of America. Col-
onel Boies has been called the "Father of Rifle
Practice." To stimulate this branch of the ser-
vice he presented a solid silver trophy, designed


by Tiffany & Company, to surmount a regimen-
tal flagstaff, ta be competed for by the several
regiments of the State. It was won and held by
his own regiment, and is known as the "Boies
Palma." He was a frequent contributor on mil-
itary subjects to the "Journal of the jMilitary Ser-
vice Institution," and to other magazines. His
commission expired in October, 1883, when he
declined re-election.

In 1887 Governor Beaver appointed Colonel
Boies a member of the board of public charities
of the state of PennsSdvania, to which he gave
fifteen years of intelligent and faithful service.
Governor Beaver declared that "from the day that
he accepted the appointment until the day that
he laid the duties of the office down, there was
no man in the commonwealth who served in that
exceptional relation with so much fidelity and so
much intelligence and with so much success as
did Colonel Boies." The permanent fruit of this
experience will be found in his two books, "Pris-
oners and Paupers," published in 1893, and "The
'Science of Penology," 1901. "Prisoners and
Paupers" is valuable for its comprehensive col-
lection of facts, and contains his deep personal
thought and study upon the problems toward
the solution of which it is directed. "The Science
of Penology" was the first attempt to formulate
as a science the principles and experiences of the
world's thought upon criminology. The volume
was addressed to the general public, appealing
especially to "Legislators, Statesmen, Religious
Leaders, Lawyers." It advocated a revolution in
criminal law, insisting upon the indetenninate
sentence as the basis of all real justice. Three
other principles are strongly emphasized ; the re-
formatory method for the treatment of crimin-
als, measures preventative of crime to be applied
to presumptive criminals, and the juvenile court
as a check upon the development of juvenile offen-
ders into professional criminals. The book con-
sists of eighty-three propositions logically ex-
pounded and copiously reinforced and illustrated.
There is no other book so well adapted as a text
book for students desiring to become acquainted
"with the rudiments of penology. It has been

adopted as a text book in Yale Uniersity, both
in the academic and theological departments.

Colonel Boies' conception of citizenship in
the local and civic sphere led him to devote a
large part of his time to the public good. He
was the inspiring leader of the Scranton ]\Iunici-
pal League and organized repeated crusades
against the violators of the law. He was presi-
dent of the Tax-Payers' Protective x\ssociation,
a trustee of the Albright Public Library, a mem-
ber and president of the Board of Trade, one of
the founders and supporters of the Home for
the Friendless, a member of the advisory board
of the Hahnemann Hospital and the Lackawanna
Bible Society, and was more or less identified
with every movement looking toward better citi-
zenship and the improvement of public morals.
From its earliest days Colonel Boies was asso-
ciated with the Scranton Young Men's Christian
Association, being elected its president in 1869.
His sympathy and identity with that work were
largely responsible for the phenominal growth of
the association in Scranton, and it was under his
leadership as chairman of the trustees that the
present magnificent building was erected. He
was a member of the state, the national and the
international committees.

From the time of taking up his residence in
Scranton Colonel Boies was a member of the First
Presbyterian Church until 1874, when he helped
to organize the Second Presbyterian Church, of
which he was the chairman of the board of trus-
tees for many years, and likewise superintendent
of the Sunday school. He was also chairman of
the special committee of the Lackawanna Pres-
bytery for the work among the foreign speaking
people, a position in which he served his denom-
ination with exceptional wisdom. Colonel Boies
was an extensive and studious traveller. He vis-
ited the various parts of his own country, Mexico,
Cuba, Porto Rico, the countries of Europe,
Egypt, Palestine, Turkey, and Greece ; the Ha-
waiian Islands, China and Japan. He filled his
home with interesting curios and trophies of
these journeys and also wrote and spoke of his
obserations. His home, Breezvmont, was the


scene of generous hospitality and many enter-
tainments, both social and philanthropic.

Colonel Boies was of striking personal ap-
pearance ; a man of many private and public vir-
tues : intimate and catholic in his friendships ;
and an ardent advocate of all causes that won the
approval of his intellect and the sanction of his
conscience. His death occurred in Wilkes-Barre,
December 12, 1903. He was buried in the fam-
ily vault, Dunmore cemetery, Scranton, Penn-
sylvania, December 16, 1903.

At the time of his death Colonel Boies was
a member of the following organizations and
clubs : Academy of Political and Social Science,
American Society of IMechanical Engineers,
American Institute of Mining Engineers, Ameri-
can Social Science Association, American Associ-
ation of Inventors and Manufacturers, American
Association for the Advancement of Science,
American Geographical Society. American Sta-
tistical Association, American Sunday School
Union, American Society for the Extension of
University Teaching, American Institute of Civ-
ics, American Protective Tariff League, Chari-
ties Organization Society, Lackawanna Bible So-
ciety, Municipal League, Scranton ; National
Municipal League, New England Society of
Northeastern Pennsylvania, National Civic Ser-
vice Reform League, National Conference of
Charities and Correction, National Prison Asso-
ciation, Scranton Board of Trade, Wyoming
Commemorative Association, Peter Williamson
Lodge, No. 323, E. and A. M. ; Society of Amer-
ican Authors; Military Service Institute, Gover-
nor's Island, New "\ork; Civic Service Reform
Association of Pennsylvania, Eranklin Institute ;
Second Presbyterian Church, Scranton ; Sunday
League of America, , Scranton Young Men's
Christian Association. Clubs — Country Club of
Scranton ; Lawyers' Club, New York city : Scran-
ton Engineers' Club; Scranton Club; Union
League Club, New York city ; Union League
Club, Philadelphia ; University Club, New York
city ; University Club, Philadelphia ; Engineers'
Club, New York City ; Graduate Club Associa-
tion, Yale, New Haven, Connecticut.

JAMES A. LINEN, president of the First
National Bank of Scranton, numbered among the
safest and most capable f:nanciers in the state,
and one of the foremost residents of his city in
all pertaining to its interests and advancement,
is a native of Pennsylvania, born in Greenfield
township, Lackawanna county, June 23, 1840,
son of George and Sarah Linen.

His father, George Linen, was one of the
most accomplished artists of his day. He was
born in Greenlaw, Scotland, April 29, 1802, the
tenth in a family of eleven children, of whom
eight came to maturity. He gave early evidence
of artistic tastes, and was sent to the Royal
Scottish Academy at Edinburgh, where he re-
ceived masterly training in the line of his inborn
predilectioiu. Crossing the border into England,
he there gave some 3'ears to the practice of his
profession, and with gratifying success. He
was attracted to the United States, however,
whither he came in 1834, at the age of thirty-two
years, locating in the city of New York. He
there opened a studio, and the fame of his tal-
ents rapidly spread through the city and con-
tiguous region. His special field was cabinet
portrait painting, and his opportunities were only
bounded by his physical ability for labor. It was
before the days of photography, and his portraits,
which were famous for their surpassing beauty
and rare delicacy, were sought by the wealthiest
and most discriminating of the people of the me-
tropolis. At the same time they won for their
creator the commendation of the most critical
connoisseurs, and only five years after his com-
ing he received a medal for the best specimen of
cabinet portrait painting from the National Acad-
emy of Design at the annual exhibition. Among
his masterpieces were cabinet portraits of Henry
Clay and Daniel Webster, painted from life, and
which were of such faithful portraiture and ex-
quisite execution that from them have been cop-
ied the vignettes of the former great statesmen
named, which appear upon certain United States
treasury notes of high denominations. George
Linen was a prime favorite in the best social cir-
cles, where he was admired for his deep knowl- .


edge of literature and history as well as of art,
and for his brilliant powers as a conversationalist.
Strongly marked with the characteristics of his
race, he was imspoiled by popularity, and, while
he maintained a high social position, he at the
same time carefully husbanded his means and
acquired a modest competence. He purchased
a farm at Bloomingdale, New Jersey, to which
he gave the name of "Glenburne," meaning "the
rividet by the ravine," in tender remembrance
of his Caledonian home, and to which he retired
after closing his studio. Here he passed his
later years in peace and contentment, occasionally
painting a portrait of one of his children or a
dear, old friend. He was a devout christian, a
member of the Reformed Church at Pompton,
and an ideal gentleman. By his marriage with
Sarah Davis he became the father of nine chil-
dren :

1. Airs. Peter H. Ballentine, of Newark,
New Jersey.

2. Mary, who became the wife of Ichabod
^^'. Dawson, died in 1866.

3. John R., born at Dundaflf, Pennsylvania,
October 7, 1837, died January 10, 1893, at Buf-
falo. His early life was passed in New York
and its vicinity. In 18^4 he bought a controlling
interest in the Buffalo Scale Company, of which
he was president for many years. He was trustee
for many years of the Lafayette Street Presby-
terian Church, a member of the Young Men's
Christian Association, of the Idlewood Asso-
ciation, and of the Merchants' Exchange. He
"was an excellent business man, a consistent chris-
tian, an enterprising citizen, and a sympathetic
charitable man. He married Frances Chestnut-
Avood, and to them was born a son, George G.

4. James A. See forward.

5. Elizabeth, born 1842, died 1859.

6. William G., died January, 1894, at Bloom-
ingdale, New Jerse}-.

7. Georgians, Mrs. Zabriskie Ryerson, of
Bloomingdale, New Jersey.

8. Thomas Dickson, died 1851.

9. Helen Watt Fordham, died 1889. un-

James A. Linen, fourth child and second

son of George Linen and Sarah (Davis) Linen,
was reared in Newark and in New York city,
and in those places acquired an education which
extended to a high school course. In early youth
he entered the office of a note broker in ^^'all
street, where he remained for five and a half
years, and gained such an insight into monetary
affairs as to afford him a sure foundatiodi for his
future usefulness and success. His entrance
upon an independent career was delayed, how-
ever, by the breaking out of the Civil war. His
patriotism awakened, he enlisted September ig,
1862, at Newark, New Jersey, in the Twenty-
sixth Regiment New Jersey Volunteers, as a
private, but was soon promoted to the rank of
lieutenant. He served for nine months in the
Army of the Potomac, his services including the
battles of Chancellorsville and Fredericksburg,
and his brigade was the first to shed blood in
the Gettysburg campaign. Lieutenant Linen was
subsequently transferred to the Western Depart-
ment, and served for eighteen months at Camp
Nelson, Kentucky, in the quartermaster's de-
partment, as disbursing clerk for Captain T. E.
Hall, chief quartermaster of the Ninth Army
Corps. After the restoration of peace he was ac-
tively identified with the National Guard of Penn-
sylvania, as a member of Company D, Thir-
teenth Regiment, being elected first lieutenant at
the organization of the company, and rising to
the rank of captain. He served in all six years.
In February, 1865, shortly after his return
from the field, Mr. Linen accepted the position
of teller in the First National Bank of Scranton,
and in June following was advanced to that of
cashier, and served as such during the busy and
eventful years in which the institution attained
the high rank in banking circles which it now
occupies. It was during a critical period of in-
flated values and inevitable return to a general re-
adjustment and a surer basis, and it was largely
due to his effort and sagacity that impending dis-
asters were averted, and the bank was not only
enabled to protect itself, but at the same time to
afford greatly needed assistance to various com-
mercial and intlustrial enterprises of the first
magnitude. After serving in the cashiership for


a period of twenty-six years, Mr. Linen was
elected to the presidency in October, 1891, a po-
sition which he has occupied to the present time.
In his higher place he has accomplished further
advancement for the institution of which he is
the head, and which is recognized throughout the
state as one of its foremost and safest financial
houses. The First National Bank of Scranton,
an old and time-hoinored institution, was one of
the first national banks organized in the state,
and the first in the city. It was incorporated in
1863, and for more than forty years has occu-
pied a most stable position in the industrial and
financial growth of the community. It exceeds
all other financial institutions in the city in
amount of capital stock and surplus, stands first
in the aggregate of business transacted by the
banks of Scranton, and is one of the strongest in
the United States, few banks even in metropolitan
centers exceeding it as a success. Its stock is un-
purchaseable except at a fabulous price ; while
the par share value is $100, $1,600 is absolutely
no temptation to the owner. From the first, each
\ear has been one of steady progress, not only
attesting its sound management but the satis-
factory industrial and business conditions in the
field in which it stands as a foremost factor. In
1864 the first dividend was declared, ten per
cent., and since that time the dividend has in-
creased from time to time until it is now paying
an annual dividend of sixty per cent., the largest
dividend ever paid by any Scranton corporation.
A recent statement made the following splendid
showing: Capital, $200,000; surplus, over
$1,500,000; undivided profits $543,837.97; cir-
culation, $50,000; deposits, over $10,000,000. Its
banking house is one of the chief architectural
ornaments of the city. The officiary of the bank
is as follows : James A. Linen, president ; George
L. Dickson, vice-president ; Isaac Post, cashier ;
directors — George L. Dickson, W. R. Storms,
W. F. Hallstead, W. W. Scranton, George B.
Smith, Charles H. Welles, Thomas F. Torrey,
J. A. Linen. These names are regarded as syn-
onymous for commercial prosperity as well as
substantial wealth, and their connection with
the bank gives it a foremost position among the

solid, well-managed banks of the country, and
assures for it a yet broader and larger career of
usefulness in the future.

Aside from his business prominence, Mr.
Linen is ranked among the first citizens of Scran-
ton in all those attributes and efforts which are
conducive to the development of public inter-
ests along the lines of material enterprise, edu-
cation and morals — alll that goes to the making-
up of a prosperous city, desirable as a home, as
well as for the business opportunities it presents.
In all these directions he is unsparing of effort^
and liberal in all outlays necessary to whatever
purpose may be in hand. He has been entrusted
with many responsible duties calling for the ser-
vices of an experienced financier, among them
the assigneeship of the defunct Scranton Trust
Company and Savings Bank, and the executor-
ship of many valuable estates. He is a member
of the Second Presbyterian Church ; a compan-
ion of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion,
Pennsylvania Commandery ; and a member of
Ezra Griffin Post, Grand Army of the Republic,
and the Country Club, both of Scranton.

December 17, 1889, Mr. Linen married Miss
Anna C. Blair, daughter of James Blair, of
Scranton. Of this marriage have been born five
children : 3. Mary Belle, who was educated at
Miss Master's School at Dofobs Ferry. 4. Frank
Insley, a graduate of Princeton College, and
now connected with the First National Bank of
Scranton. 5. James A., Jr., who is attending
Williams College. Two died in childhood : Mar-
garet Clark (i) ; and James Blair (2).

Thomas Dickson will ever be honorably pre-
served as a principal founder of the city of
Scranton as it is known today throughout
the world — one of the great industrial centres
of America. He came to the place when it
was in a transitional state, its first railroad just
opening, and from that time until the day of
his death he devoted his splendid energies to
its larger development. His largest accom-
plishment was the establishment of what has
ever since been one of the most important in-



(lustries of the valley — the Dickson Manufact-
uring Compan}', machinists, founders and
builders of railway locomotives. While this
great enterprise claimed his principal atten-
tion, he also afforded his aid to the inaugura-
tion of various commercial and financial in-
stitutions, and, in brief, bore an active part in
every movement looking to the greater pros-
perity of the community. Nor was his interest
bounded by material considerations. He was
an earnest practical christian, and his influ-
ence and means were freely extended in behalf
of churches, schools, and organized charities
• — in short, all that would conduce to the de-
sirability of his city as a place of residence
as well as of strenuous toil, and ameliorate the
conditions that are the necessary concomitants
of a great industrial centre. The story of his
life is one of unusual interest, and bears lessons
well worth the telling, for he carved out his
own career, without adventitious aids, and he
preserved throughout his life, in face of temp-
tations and obstacles, that excellent behavior
which was becoming to him as a worthy son
of worthy ancestors.

Mr. Dickson's ancestry has been briefly
outlined in the accompanying sketch of his
brother, George L. Dickson. He was born
March 26, 1824, in Leeds, England, where his
parents were temporarily sojourning. He
was. however, essentially Scotch in everj- fibre,
physical and mental, by parentage and heri-
dity, and his parents shortly after his birth
returned to their family home in Lauder, Ber-
wickshire, Scotland, so that his everv impres-
sion prior to his coming to America was that
which was made in the land of the heather.
^^'hen he was eight years old his parents came
from Scotland to Canada, and two years later
(in 1834) to Pennsylvania, to Elk Mountain,
Susquehanna county, and here remained while
the father went to Carbondale to seek emplov-
ment. During his absence of nearly two years,
Thomas Dickson, as the eldest son, took so far
as he could the place of the parent, aiding the
mother in her care of the family, though he
was but ten years old. To this time he had

little if any school instruction, but had learned
to read under his mother, a woman of strong
character and considerable intelligence. He
now entered school at Carbondale, kept in a
log house, lighted by means of oiled paper in
lieu of window glass, and puncheon benches
serving for seats. His teacher was an irasci-
ble character whose petty tyranny young Dick-
son would not endure, and he left school.
Thereafter his education was in greater part
self-supplied through private reading, but his
ambition was stimulated and well directed by
Silas S. Benedict, an accomplished scholar,
who took up his abode in Carbondale about
this time, and gave his efiforts to interesting
the }-outh of the village in books, literary
composition, declamation and public debate.
A club being organized for the latter purpose,
young Dickson took an active and shortly
afterward a foremost part. How well he de-
veloped is evidenced by his subsequent broad
knowledge, surpassing that possessed b}- many
a collegiate. His deep interest in books found
expression in his personal acquisitions, begin-
ning with his first wage-earning, and con-
tinued throughout his life, not a year passing
but he devoted a certain amount to new pur-
chases, always made with careful discrimina-
tion. At his death his library numbered many
thousand volumes, covering the broadest fields
and including all the standard authors, with
whose works he had become entirely familiar.
A key to his character is found in his peculiar
love for the domestic poets, American and
foreign, but, before all others, the bards of
Scotland, Burns, Tannehill, Scott, and those
who rank worthily with them. What de-
lighted him he unselfishly sought to make de-
lightful to others. When he first embarked
in business in Carbondale he gathered books
at his own expense and established a circulat-
ing library, adding to the collection from time
to time, and he conducted it during his entire
residence there, making it of real advantage to
the entire community. While he was thus
educating himself and others he was at the
same time developing literary ability of no



mean order. As a writer he became a master
of diction, and in the ripeness of his powers
dictated correspondence with rare facility.
He had acquired a considerable knowledge of
law, which was of vast advantage to him when
he came to the charge of the large business of
his mature years, and in preparation of legal
papers relating to transactions involving in
the aggregate millions of dollars, dictated with
an accuracy of legal expression which seldom
afforded room for modification by the best
equipped commercial lawyer. Indeed, one of
the most talented lawyers at the Lackawanna
bar was accustomed to say that Mr. Dickson's
legal papers were as complete as he himself
could draw up. In his hours of leisure his
ample knowledge, discriminating observation
and command of language, aided by a gen-
uinely poetical temperament, enabled him to
indite, in an epistolary way, compositions
which were gems of literary construction.
While making a tour of the world he wrot&
home a serit.s of letters which he subsequently
made the basis of a number of lectures which
he prepared by invitation and delivered with
great acceptability in various places ; these
were invariably given in behalf of some ben-
evolent interest, and generally for the Young
Men's Christian Association, in which he was
deeply interested, and which he constantly
aided with his means.

Mr. Dickson's business career began with
his leaving school, and his first labors had for
their object the assistance of his mother in
the absence of the father. Applying to George
A. Whiting for employment, his determination
was exhibited in his proffer to perform any
description of labor whatever. Admiring the
spirit of tlie lad, Mr. Whiting set him to driv-
ing a mule harnessed to the sweep for lifting
coal out of the mine of the Delaware & Hud-
son Canal Company. Shortly afterward he
attracted the attention of Charles T. Pierson,
a merchant in Carbondale, who offered him
a place in his store as a clerk and boy of all
work. This led in time to his employment as
a clerk in the store of Joseph Benjamin, one

of the principal business men of the place.
Here he acquitted himself so creditably, and
gained such a knowledge of the business that,
when the late Frederick P. and Galusha A.
Grow (late congressman at large) in firm of
Grow Brothers, became the owner, made the
purchase conditional upon i\Ir. Dickson re-
maining with them. Two years later he be-
came a partner of his former employer, Mr.
Benjamin, who had engaged in the foundrv
and mercantile interests, and took charge of
the mercantile end of business, at the same
time giving such attention as he could to the

Online LibraryHorace Edwin HaydenGenealogical and family history of the Wyoming and Lackawanna Valleys, Pennsylvania; (Volume 2) → online text (page 2 of 130)