Horace Edwin Hayden.

Genealogical and family history of the Wyoming and Lackawanna Valleys, Pennsylvania; (Volume 2) online

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18, 1736. He married Patience Pellet, October
3, 1762. He served as quartermaster in the Rev-
olution, and died August 15, 1796.

Phineas, son of Joseph and Patience ( Pellet)
Carter, was born Noveiuber 23, 1766. He was a
landed proprietor of Westminster, Connecticut,
and a man of strong character and strict integrity,
upright to the point of austerity ; a devout Chris-
tian of the Congregational faith, rigid in exact-
ing observance of religious forms and ceremo-
nies ; and strict in his family discipline. He mar-
ried Cynthia Butts, a woman of gentle nature
and lovable traits of character. She was born
March 16, 1773, and came of a family of promi-
nence in the public and private colonial life of
New England. Her father. Deacon Stephen
Butts, of Westminster, Connecticut, born June
15, 1749, was the son of Joseph Butts, born
March 17, 171 1. The father of Joseph was Sam-
uel Butts, who married Sarah Maxfield, Julv 22,
1 70 1. Samuel Butts was a man of distinction in
many respects, and the record of his official serv-
ices is preserved in the archives of the state of
Connecticut. He was elected thirteen times to
the colonial assembly from Canterbury, Connec-
ticut, during the period between 17 15 and 1729,
and was otherwise conspicuous in the community.
His father was Richard Butts. He married De-
liverance Hoppin, daughter of Thomas and Eliz-
abeth Hoppin, who came from England to Dor-
chester, Massachusetts, in 1636. Phineas Carter
died November 8, 1840, long surviving his wife,
who died March 19, 1814.

Pulaski Carter, son of Phineas and Cynthia
(Butts) Carter, born in Westminster, Windham
county, Connecticut, June 23, 1813, was only



nine months old when his mother died. His
father desired for him the career of a physician,
and was much disappointed when the young
man's inchnation turned toward mechanics, and
he went to Brooklyn, Connecticut, where he
learned blacksmithing. On completing his ap-
prenticeship he went to Winsted, Connecticut,
where he entered the shop of Captain Wheelock
Thayer, and there gained a thorough practical
knowledge of scythe-making. He first visited
Pennsylvania in 1840, at which time he went to
Honesdale and several other localities, finally de-
ciding to locate in Providence (now the first
ward of Scranton). In 1841 he returned there
and engaged in scythe-making. In June of the
following year, in company with Jerrison White,
he purchased the Sager & White Axe factory,
and began the manufacture of axes as well as
scythes — the first factory of the kind in the state.
He shortly afterward acquired his partner's in-
terest, and in 1843 associated with himself a boy-
hood friend, Henry Harrison Crane. Mr. Crane
subsequently disposed of his interest in the busi-
ness, but still remained in the works. Mr. Carter
then took as partner Artemus jMiller, but this
partnership was soon dissolved, Mr. Carter as-
suming the entire ownership and management of
the business.

Meanwhile Mr. Carter had laid the founda-
tions of the enterprise which came to be known
as "The Capouse Works" (so named after the
old Indian chief of the Monseys, from whom also
the Capouse Meadows received their name), pur-
chasing a thirty-acre tract of land from Henry
Heermans, and erecting thereon shops, etc., suffi-
cient, to commence business, and here was made
the wide reputation of the "Carter axes" which
were for many years unrivaled. In 1864 the fac-
tory burned down, entailing a most serious loss,
the insurance being wholly inadequate to defray
the cost of rebuilding. In this hour of his great
disaster, Mr. Carter was proffered abundance of
financial aid by persons who appreciated his en-
terprise and had implicit confidence in his ability
and integrity. These evidences of confidence he
gratefully declined, and he built and equipped an
entirely new and improved factory which for
many vears was one of the important industries
of the valley, and this was accomplished with the
preservation of that personal independence and
self-reliance of which he was so justly proud. His
business career ended only with his death, and he
maintained to the last his deep interest and pride
in the great enterprise which was the creature of
his own brain and hands.

In his relations to the community at large>.
Mr. Carter bore himself with the same dignity
and conscientiousness that characterized the con-
duct of his business affairs. Whatever claimed
his attention received from him the deepest in-
terest and best efforts of which his heart and
mind were capable. The parental training had
indoctrinated him with the loftiest conceptions of
an all-comprehending morality, and, when he
first left the paternal roof, he came under influ-
ences which intensified his thought along the
same lines. In the first days of his blacksmith
apprenticeship, youth as he was, he became ac-
quainted with the philosophy of the famous Con-
cord and Brook Farm School. This was brought
about through the Unitarian minister at Brook-.
lyn, Connecticut, the Rev. Samuel J. May (inti-
mate friend of William Lloyd Garrison, Wendell
Phillips and Ralph Waldo Emerson), who al-
lowed him free access to his library and aided
him in his reading. So impressed was the young-
man with the field of thought to which he was
thus introduced, that in after years he was able-
to repeat from memory entire pages from the vol-
umes which he read in those early days, and the
sentiments which he imbibed colored his whole
life. A signal exemplification of this was seen
in 1847, when the free school idea was first
broached. With a heart inspired with the most
liberal New England ideas as to education, Mr.
Carter, then a young man of thirty-four, threw
himself into the struggle with all the intensity of
his nature, and traversed the valley back and
forth, preaching the gospel of free schools. An
earnest and forceful speaker, he produced a deep
impression. Nor was he content with this effort ;
he followed his appeals with labors of organiza-
tion, and, when the question came before the peo-
ple, had his followers so well in hand that a decis-
ive victory was won at the polls. Thus was the
free school planted in Providence, at a time when
Scranton was little more than a name upon the-
map. Mr. Carter followed his success with yet
more practical effort, donating the land on which
was erected the first free school building in the
place, and he maintained an undiminished inter-
est in educational affairs throughout his life. In
1857 the first graded schoolhouse was built, and
in the public celebration of that event J\Ir. Carter
was awarded high praise as the corner-stone upon
which the free school cause had been founded.
For twenty-eight years he served as director and
treasurer of the Providence school board, and this,
fact speaks vet more eloquently of his heartfelt
interest in the cause which he had so long and



faithfully championed, for, naturally of a retirmg
disposition, and averse to public prominence, he
had steadfastly declined the mayoralty and other
important positions which he was solicited to ac-
cept. His considerate humanitarianism found
eloquent expression in his efforts in behalf of
temperance. His voice was ever heard in denun-
ciation of the evils of the liquor traffic, persistent-
Iv opposed the granting of licenses, and the sa-
loon keepers greatly dreaded and feared him. But
he went far in advance of the great mass of tem-
perance agitators. He gave his personal effort
to the reclamation of the drunkard, and rescued
manv a one from a life of poverty and shame,
and aided him to an honest and happy establish-
Jnent in life.

JMr. Carter was twice married, first, August
g. 1839, to Susan S. Spaulding, of Abington,
Connecticut, about the time he had completed his
trade, and two years before he located in Provi-
dence. The year of his coming (1841) a child
was born to them, but death claimed the young
mother a month later, and in the following sum-
mer the little one also died.

Mr. Carter married (second) August 7,
1843, Olive Ingalls, of Canterburv, Connecticut,
a double cousin of his first wife. Her ancestry is
traced to the early colonial period, her emigrant
ancestor being Edmund Ingalls, son of Robert
Ingalls, and grandson of Henrv Skirbeck. Ed-
mund Ingalls was a native of England, born in
Lincolnshire in 1598. He came to Salem, Mas-
sachusetts, in 1628, with Governor Endicott's
company. In 1629, with his brother Francis and
four others, he founded the settlement at Lynn,
Massachusetts. In 1648, while traveling on
horseback to Boston, he came to his death by
drowning in the Saugus river, the accident re-
sulting from a defective bridge. His son Henry,
torn in 1627. died 1719. was a landowner in Ips-
wich, and was one of the first settlers of Andover,
where he bought land from the Indians, making
payment with clothing and trinkets. He was a
wealthy man for the times, and took a leading
part in town affairs. He married ]\larv Osgood.
July 6, 1653, a daughter of John Osgood, who
was the first representative to the general court
from Andover, in 1651. It is the first record of a
marriage in Andover. The ceremony was per-
formed bv Rev. Simon Bradstreet, following the
Puritan doctrine and belief in marriage as a civil
compact. Their son Henry, like his father, was
prominent in colonial affairs. Joseph Ingalls,
son of Henry, Jr., was born in Andover in 1697,
and married Phoebe, daughter of John Farnham.

Their son. Joseph, Jr.. born 1723, removed to
Pomfret, Connecticut ; he married Sarah Abbott,
daughter of Paul and Elizabeth (Gray) Abbott,
and died in 1790.

Their son, Peter Ingalls, born 1752, died
1783, served in the war of the Revolution. He
married Sarah Ashley, and the homestead built
by him is still standing and remains in the owner-
ship of descended relatives of his daughter, at
Elliott, Connecticut. His son Marvin, who
served in the war of 1812, born 1789, married
Amelia Spaulding, who came from an old colo-
nial famil}-. Her father, James Spaulding, lived
at Windham, and was one of Putnam's militia
that marched to Lexington, and was also in the
company that marched to Cambridge in the early
period of the revolutionary war. and his name
appears on the pension roll of Revolutionary sol-
diers in 1815. He was descended from Edward
Spaulding. whose family records go back to an
earlv period of English history, and numbered at
least one eminent divine among its members.
Edward Spaulding settled in Braintree, Massa-
chusetts, between 1630 and 1633, where he was
prominent in town affairs, being a selectman and
also for manv years a surveyor of highways. He
was a landed proprietor and left a large estate.
The crest of the Spaulding family bears the
motto "Hinc mihi salus."

Pulaski and Olive (Ingalls) Carter had three
children : Amelia Alaria, Pulaski Pliny, and
Marvin Phineas.

Amelia Maria Carter was born April 29,
1844. She married William DeWitt Kennedy,
February 11, 1868.

Mr. Kennedy is of Scotch-Irish and French-
Dutch ancestry. One of his ancestors of his
mother's side was chaplain in Cromwell's army.
His father was James Schofield Kennedy. He
was the son of Thomas and Elizabeth (Schofield)
Kennedv. The father of Thomas was John,
whose family was of Scotch-Irish lineage. He
was born April 24, 1739, and came to America
from Bangor, Ireland, in 1763. He was of the
Scotch Presbyterian faith. He settled in Kings-
ton. Xew York, and later married Mrs. Josiah
( Armstrong) \'an Fleet, widow. Soon after his
marriage in 1780 they moved to Wyoming Valley.

His mother was Pauline Jayne (the original
form of the family name being "De Jeanne") the
daughter of Samuel and Elsie Stephens Jayne,
the latter being the daughter of the Rev. David
Tavne, whose wife was Elizabeth DeWitt, a
cousin of the wife of General James Clinton, of
Revolutionary fame. The grandfather of Mrs.-



Kennedy, the Rev. David Jayne, served in a
New Jersey regiment in the Revokition, and took
up a large and vaUiable section of "soldier land"
near Lake Cayuga, New York. Her grandfather,
Ebenezer Stephens, entered the Revolutionary
army at the age of seventeen, and remained in
service the entire seven years of the war. He
drew a pension at Wilkes-Barre as long as he

Mr. Kennedy is a director in the Scranton
Savings Bank, and is otherwise prominent in the
business life of the city. He was many years a
trustee in the Providence Presbyterian church,
and now serves in the same capacity in the church
at Green Ridge, his present place of residence.
He served in the war of the rebellion in the Thir-
tieth Regiment Pennsylvania Reserves, during
the emergency, when the state was invaded, and
the last year of the war as quartermaster's clerk
in the Fiftieth New York Regiment (Engineer
Corps), and is now a member of Ezra Griffith
Post, No. 139, G. A. R.

Mrs. Kennedy graduated from East Green-
wich Seminary, East Greenwich, Rhode Island,
in 1865. She has been for manv years interested
in the philanthropic movements of the city, par-
ticularly in connection with the Home for the
Friendless. She has been on its board of man-
agers for twenty-three years, and has held many
offices from secretary to president. For some
years she has been vice-president of the Young
Woman's Christian Association. For thirty years
she was an active member of the Providence
Presbyterian church, but since 1893 has been
identified with the Presbyterian church at Green

Mr. and Mrs. Kennedy are the parents of four
children: i. William Pulaski, born October 30,
1869, graduated from Scranton high school, class
of 1889. He is teller of the People's Bank of
Scranton. He married Georgina, daughter of
George R. Kittle, who was also a graduate of
Scranton high school, class of 1889. 2. Dr.
Lucius Carter, born September 8, 1872, gradu-
ated from Princeton College in 1895, and from
the medical department of the University of
Pennsylvania in 1898, and is now a practicing
physician in Scranton. 3. Kathrine May, born
November 11, 1875, graduated at School of Lack-
awanna, and is the wife of Dr. William A. Sher-
man, of Newport, Rhode Island, who is de-
scended from one of the first settlers of Rhode
Island. He graduated from Harvard College in
1899, ^"d from the medical department in 1902.
4. Harold Sherman, born November 28, 1884,

graduated at Blaic (New Jersey) Academy, class,
of 1905.

Pulaski Pliny, second child of Pulaski and
Olive ( Ingalls) Carter, was born June 6, 1849.
He was educated at East Greenwich, Rhode Is-
land, and at Fort Edward Institute. He is
largely interested in real estate enterprises, and is
owner of the large office building at the corner of
Adams avenue and Linden street, Scranton. He
married, June 6, 1882, Venitia White, born Feb-
ruary II, 1862, daughter of Joseph M. and
Phebe A. (Cole) White, daughter of Immanual
Cole, the latter of excellent English descent.
Joseph White was the son of Ephraim White, of
White's Mills, near Honesdale, who was the son
of Ezekiel White (Third) the son of Eze-
kiel White, Jr., and Sarah Vinton White. He
was the son of Ezekiel White (ist) who mar-
ried Abigail Blanchard. Ezekiel (ist) was the
son of Captain Ebenezer White, whose wife was
Hannah Phillips. Captain Ebenezer was born in
Weymouth, Massachusetts, and was a son of
Thomas White (wife's name unknown) who
was admitted a freeman in Massachusetts colony
1635-6. Place of nativity in England unknown.
He was among the early settlers of Weymouth,
and a member of the church there ; many )ears a
selectman, often on important committees, and
also commanded a military company, and was
representative to the general court in 1637, 1640,
1657 ^''"^' 167 1.

There were born to Pulaski Pliny and Veni-
tia (White) Carter, six children: i. Pulaski,
born June 2, 1883, a graduate of the Scranton
high school, class of 1903, now a sophomore at
ttie Boston School of Technology. 2. Phebe, born
September 14, 1885, graduate of the Scranton
high school, class of 1904. 3. Ina, born March
I, 1888, died January 26, 1897. 4. Olive Ingalls,.
born November 9, 1890, s-enior in Scranton high
school. 5. Ada, born November 3, 1893. 6.
Roy, born July 13, 1899.

Marvin Phineas, youngest child of Pulaski
and Olive (Ingalls) Carter, was born November
28, 1857. He was educated at East Greenwich,
Rhode Island. He is one of the successful busi-
ness men in Scranton, the owner of valuable real
estate, a director in the People's Bank, and other-
wise actively identified with the business of the
city. He married Minnie Parmelia Murphy, born
June 26, 1863, daughter of John JMurphy, of
Warrenville, Connecticut. He was several times
elected to the state legislature, and is a man of
business prominence in the town where he re-
sides. Her mother was IMarv, daughter of Ben-


jamin Spaulding, descended from Edmund, who
came to Braintree, JNIassachusetts, about 1630.
To them were born three children: i. Marvin
Clarence, born July 29, 1885, a graduate of the
high school, class of 1905, freshman in Lafayette
College. 2. Lucius, born November 20, 1887,
died June 3, 1889. 3. Marguerite, born May 30,
1889, a senior in Scranton high school.

Mr. Carter, the father of the family above
named, whose career as a man of aflfairs and a
humanitarian has been treated of in the foregoing
narrative, met with a dreadful accident from the
effects of which he never entirely recovered, and
which doubtless shortened his life. In Novem-
ber, 1876. while driving in his carriage, his vehi-
cle was driven into on each side by two teams
driven by drunken racers. Air. Carter was
caught in the wreckage and so seriously injured
that for some days his life was despaired of. His
excellent constitution, unimpaired by reason of
his abstemious habits, enabled him to resume his
accustomed avocations, but he never regained his
old vigor. He died ()ctober 13, 1884, aged sev-
enty-one years, leaving to survive him his widow
and their three children. His widow died De-
cember 8, 1898.

REYNOLDS FAMILY. The purpose of
this narrative of the ancestors and descendants of
James and Deborah Reynolds, of North Kings-
ton, Rhode Island, compiled by H. C. Reynolds,
of Scranton, Pennsylvania, was to place upon the
pages of a printed book of considerable circula-
tion a portion of a great mass of data in the hope
that thus the records might be preserved. It may
be interesting only to those who realize that "in
treasuring up the memorials of the fathers, we
best manifest our regard for posterity." It may
be, too, that notwithstanding the errors and omis-
sions inseparable from a work of this character,
that this verv imperfect and incomplete sketch
may lead to corrections and additions of great
value in the future work of the genealogist of
this large family, descendants of which will be
found in every state in the Union. The National
Reynolds Family Association meets annually,
usually in Connecticut, Massachusetts, or Rhode
Island. Its purpose is to perfect the family his-
tory. Interested persons will receive valuable in-
formation by joining this association, of which
Mr. Howard I. Reynolds, 1827 Tioga street,
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, is secretary.

Authorities differ as to the authenticity of the
conclusions of J. O. .Austin, of Providence, Rhode
Island, the eminent authority, who, in his work

styled "The Genealogical Dictionary of Rhode
Island Families," states that William Reynolds
was the first progenitor of the numerous Amer-
ican families bearing the name. It is to be noted
that, while he places William, of Providence, at
the head of the family, he nevertheless begins his
numerical notation with James ( i ) , of whom
more hereafter. "American Ancestry" also gives
James as the son of William, of Kingstown,
Rhode Island (1647). However, as the contro-
versy at this time is unsettled, it may not be amiss
to briefly outline his career that there may be pre-
served some incidents of his life, and that the
reader may judge for himself of the merits there-
of, and if of an inquiring mind he may seek a
solition of the question and, finding it, clear up
any which may remain undispelled.

It is fairly settled that William Re}nolds was
born 1596 in Gloucestershire, England. He mar-
ried Ruth , 161 5. Of his ancestors little

is known, and it will be best not to attempt to
give them until more authentic information is
obtained. It is stated that he came by way of
Bermuda, and he is said to have been a member of
of the church of Salem. In 1637 he is said to
have bought, for 2s. 6 p., certain lands at Prov-
idence, Rhode Island, and is said to have engaged
in business with Roger Williams. He was the
second of the thirteen signers to the compact,
which is as follows : "We, whose names are
hereunder, desire to inhabit the town of Rhode
Island and do promise to subject ourselves in ac-
tive and passive obedience to all such orders or
agreements as shall be made for the public good
of the body, in an orderly way, by the major as-
sent of the present inhabitants, masters of fami-
lies, incorporated together into town fellowship,
and such others whom they admit unto them,
only in civil tiling^." The italics are those of the
writer of this article. Arnold states that these
signers were the second comers.^ It is worthy
of more than passing note that this declaration
meant what it said. Religious liberty in Rhode
Island was apparently of first importance after
an orderly government had been established. The
influence of Rhode Island was potent when the
fundamental law of this nation was later estab-
lished, in securing a constitutional declaration
whicli guaranteed to the freeman of all times in
this land the right to worship God according to
the dictates of his own conscience.

I. Arnold's "History Rhode Island," vol. i, p. 103.
Field's "History Rhode Island." vol. iii, p. 8. For
facsimile see "Proceedings Rhode Island Historical
Society," 1880-81.



On July 27, 1640, he and thirty-eight others
signed an agreement for a firm government. This
was a more elaborate document than the first, -
but it preserved ah the essentials of the first com-
pact. November 17, 1641, he and twelve others
complained in a letter to Massachusetts of the
"insolent and riotous carriage of Samuel Gorton
and his company," and therefore the petitioners
desire Massachusetts to "lend us a neighborlike
helping hand, etc."^ An interesting discussion
of the cause which led to this appeal will be found
in the work cited. On January 27, 1644, he and
others of Providence testified as to the outrage on
Warwick settlers by Massachusetts. On Janu-
ary 27, 1645, he sold Robert Williams all his
houses and homeshare and three small pieces of
meadow. On the same date he sold to William
Field a share of six acres on Fox's Hill. April
2,y, 1646, he sold to Thomas Lawton his valley
containing eighty acres and three acres of
meadow, "provided that if in case hereafter the
town shall be put to any charge about Indians,
that he or they that doth possess the land shall
pay their share." After the sale of his land at
Providence, Rhode Island, it is supposed he set-
tled at Kingston, Rhode Island, where he passed

James Reynolds (i), bom Mav 13, 1625 (by
some genealogists said to have been in England,

1617) ; married Deborah , 1646 ; she was

born 1620. He died 1700-02, and his will was
probated 1702. James Reynolds settled at North
Kingston, Rhode Island, coming from Plymouth
Colony about 1645.* It is probable that he first
settled north of Smith's Trading House, and
near what is now Stony Lane road. It would
appear that he with others were accommodated
with lands in the northern part of Kingstown, ad-
joining the East Greenwich line and adjoining
the French settlement. May 13, 1665, he and
others petitioned the assembly for accommoda-
tion of land in King's Province. He took the
oath of allegiance May 24, 1671. He was made
a constable 1671. In 1677 ten thousand acres in
the vicinity were assigned to be divided between
one hundred men. James and his son, then of
age, drew shares in this land. In 1687, according
to the order of Governor Andros (see Potter's

"Xarragansett," p. 221), he and his son were liv-
ing in this remote settlement and were assigned
a portion of the hay cut on the French meadows.^
In Rhode Island the principal town functionary

Online LibraryHorace Edwin HaydenGenealogical and family history of the Wyoming and Lackawanna Valleys, Pennsylvania; (Volume 2) → online text (page 5 of 130)