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THE LIBRARY

OF

THE UNIVERSITY

OF CALIFORNIA

RIVERSIDE



LETTERS OF

HORACE WALPOLE

MRS. PAOET TOTNBEE



VIII



HENKY FROWDE, M.A.

PUBLISHER TO THE UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD

LONDON, EDINBURGH

NEW YORK



Two hundred and sixty copies of this edition
have been printed on hand-made paper, of which
this is Number



THE LETTERS OF
HORACE WALPOLE

in
FOURTH EARL OF ORFORD

CHRONOLOGICALLY ARRANGED

AND EDITED WITH NOTES AND INDICES

BY

MRS. PAGET TOYNBEE



IN SIXTEEN VOLUMES
WITH PORTRAITS AND FACSIMILES

VOL. VIII: 17711774



OXFORD

AT THE CLARENDON PRESS
MDCCCCIV



> 8



OXFORD
PRINTED AT THE CLARENDON PRESS

BY HORACE BART, M.A.
PRINTER TO THE UNIVERSITY



CONTENTS OF VOL. VIII

* PAGES

LIST OF PORTRAITS vi

LIST OF LETTERS IN VOLUME VIII . ......'. . vii-xii

LETTERS 1336-1539 . 1-456



LIST OF PORTRAITS



HORACE WALPOLE .... . . . . Frontispiece

From a mezzotint by J. McArdell after a painting by
Sir Joshua Reynolds, P.R.A.

FREDERICK HOWARD, FIFTH EARL OF CARLISLE . To face p. 194

From a painting by Romney in possession of Mr. Hamilton
McCormick.

HON. HENRY SEYMOUR CONWAY 323

From mezzotint of ter painting by Gainsborough.

MARIA, DUCHESS OF GLOUCESTER. 412

From painting by Reynolds in possession of Earl Walde-
grave.



LIST OF LETTERS IN VOL. VIII

T C

1771.

1336 Jan. 15, 1771 . . Sir Horace Mann . . . 1250

1387 Jan. 20, 1771 . . Sir Horace Mann . . . 1251

1338 Jan. 27, 1771 . . Lady Mary Coke.

1839 [Jan. 1771] . . . Duchesse de Choiseul.

1340 Feb. 22, 1771 . . Sir Horace Mann . . . 1252

1341 Feb. 27, 1771 . . Grosvenor Bedford . . . 1253

1342 March 22, 1771 . . Sir Horace Mann . . . 1254
1348 March 30, 1771 . . Sir Horace Mann . . . 1255

1344 April 26, 1771 . . Sir Horace Mann . . . 1256

1345 May 8, 1771 ... Sir Horace Mann . . . 1257

1346 May 29, 1771 . . Rev. William Cole . . . 1258

1347 June 8, 1771 ... Sir Horace Mann . . . 1259

1348 June 9, 1771 . . . Lady Mary Coke.

1349 June 11, 1771 . . Rev. William Cole . . . 1260

1350 June 17, 1771 . . Hon. Henry Seymour Conway 1261

1351 June 19, 1771 . . Sir Horace Mann . . . 1262

1352 June 20, 1771 . . Earl of Strafford .... 1263

1353 June 22, 1771 . . Rev. William Cole . . . 1264

1354 June 23, 1771 . . Earl of Upper Ossory . . 1265

1355 June 24, 1771 . . Rev. William Cole . . . 1266

1356 June 27, 1771 . . Grosvenor Bedford . . . 1267

1357 June 27, 1771 . . Countess of Upper Ossory . 1268

1358 July 6, 1771 ... Sir Horace Mann . . . 1269

1359 July 9, 1771 . . . John Chute 1270

1360 July 22, 1771 . . Edward Louisa Mann . . 1271

1361 July 30, 1771 . .. Hon. Henry Seymour Conway 1272

1362 Aug. 5, 1771 . . . John Chute 1273

1363 Aug. 11, 1771 . . Countess of Upper Ossory . 1274

1364 Aug. 11, 1771 . . Hon. Henry Seymour Conway 1275

1365 Aug. 12, 1771 . . Rev. William Cole . . . 1276

1366 Aug. 22, 1771 . . Lady Mary Coke.

1367 Aug. 25, 1771 . . Earl of Strafford . . . . 1277

1368 Sept. 1,1771. . . Mrs. Abington .... 1278

1369 Sept. 7, 1771. . . Hon. Henry Seymour Con way 1279

1370 Sept. 9, 1771. . . George Augustus Selwyn . 1280



Vlll



List of Letters



T






1371


Sept. 9, 1771 .


.


1872


Sept. 9, 1771 .


.


1373


Sept. 10, 1771


.


1374


Sept. 25, 1771


.


1375


Sept. 26, 1771


.


1376


Oct. 12, 1771 .


.


1377


Oct. 22, 1771 .


.


1378


Oct. 23, 1771.


.


1379


[Oct. or Nov. 1771]


1380


Nov. 7, 1771 .


.


1381


Nov. 18, 1771


.


1382


Nov. 80, 1771


.


1383


Dec. 4, 1771 .


.


1384


Dec. 4, 1771 .


.


1385


Dec. 11, 1771


.


1386


Dec. 14, 1771


.


1387


Dec. 15, 1771


.


1388


Dec. 28, 1771





1889


Jan. 5, 1772 .




1390


Jan. 7, 1772 .


.


1391


Jan. 14, 1772


.


1892


Jan. 21, 1772


.


1393


Jan. 28, 1772


.


1394


Jan. 29, 1772


.


1395


Feb. 3, 1772 .




1396


Feb. 12, 1772


.


1397


March 5, 1772




1898


March 27, 1772


.


1899


April 9, 1772.


.


1400


April 21, 1772


.


1401


May 9, 1772 .


.


1402


May 13, 1772.


.


1403


May 14, 1772.


.


1404


[May 1772] .


.


1405


May 20, 1772


.


1406


May 24, 1772


.


1407


May 25, 1772


.


1408


June 9, 1772.


.


1409


June 15, 1772


.


1410


June 17, 1772


.



Sir Horace Mann
Rev. William Mason.
Rev. William Cole .
Rev. William Mason .
Sir Horace Mann
Rev. William Cole .
Sir Horace Mann
Rev. William Cole .
Lady Mary Coke.
Sir Horace Mann
Sir Horace Mann
Countess of Upper Ossory
Earl of Upper Ossory
Countess of Upper Ossory
Lady Mary Coke.
Countess of Upper Ossory
Sir Horace Mann
Sir Horace Mann



1772.

Countess of Upper Ossory

Hon. HenrySeymourConway

Sir Horace Mann

Sir Horace Mann

Rev. William Cole .

Lady Mary Coke.

Sir Horace Mann

Sir Horace Mann

Sir Horace Mann

Sir Horace Mann

Sir Horace Mann

Sir Horace Mann

Rev. William Mason.

Sir Horace Mann .

Viscount Nuneham .

Viscount Nuneham .

Sir Edward Walpole.

Duchess of Gloucester.

Rev. William Mason .

Rev. William Cole .

Sir Horace Mann

Rev. William Cole ,



C

1281



1283
1284
1285
1286
1287
1288
1412
1289
1290
1291
1292
1293

1294
1295
1296



1297
1298
1299
1300
1301

1302
1303
1304
1305
1306
1307
1308
1309
1310
1311



1312
1813
1814
1315



List of Letters



T




c


1411 June 22, 1772 . .


Hon. Henry Seymour Conway


1316


1412 June 28, 1772 . .


Rev. William Cole.




1413 July 1, 1772 . . .


Sir Horace Mann


1317


1414 July 6, 1772 . . .


Rev. William Mason .


1318


1415 July 7, 1772 . . .


Rev. William Cole .


1319


1416 July 21, 1772 . .


Rev. William Mason.


1320


1417 July 23, 1772 . .


Sir Horace Mann


1321


1418 July 28, 1772 . .


Rev. William Cole .


1322


1419 Saturday [Aug. 1,






1772]


Countess of Upper Ossory


1625


1420 Aug. 3, 1772 . . .


Sir Horace Mann


1323


1421 Aug. 12, 1772 . .


George Augustus Selwyn


1324


1422 Aug. 24, 1772 . .


Rev. William Mason. . .


1325


1423 Aug. 25, 1772 . .


Rev. William Cole . . .


1326


1424 Aug. 28, 1772 . .


Rev. William Cole . . .


1327


1425 Aug. 29, 1772 . .


Sir Horace Mann


1328


1426 [Sept. 17, 1772] . .


Duchess of Gloucester.




1427 Sept. 19, 1772 . .


Rev. William Mason.


1329


1428 Sept. 20, 1772 . .


Sir Horace Mann


1330


1429 Oct. 13, 1772. . .


Rev. William Mason .


1331


1430 Oct. 27, 1772. . .


Duchess of Gloucester.




1431 Nov. 4, 1772 . . .


Sir Horace Mann .


1332


1432 Nov. 7, 1772 . . .


Rev. William Cole . . .


1333


1433f [Nov. 1772] . . .


Earl of Hardwicke.




1434 Nov. 10, 1772 . .


Rev. William Mason.


1335


1435 Nov. 15, 1772 . .


Duchess of Gloucester.




1436 Nov. 26, 1772 . .


Rev. William Mason.


1336


1437 [Dec. 15, 1772] . .


Rev. William Cole .


1334


1438 Dec. 22, 1772 . .


Sir Horace Mann


1338


1439 Dec. 29, 1772 . .


Countess of Ailesbury


1337




1773.




1440 [Jan. 1773] . . .


Viscount Nuneham.




1441 Jan. 8, 1773 . . .


Rev. William Cole . ; ' : .


1339


1442 Jan. 9, 1773 . . .


Rev. William Mason .


1340


1443f Jan. 21, 1773. . .


Earl of Hardwicke.




1444 Jan. 21, 1773. . .


Sir Horace Mann


1341


1445 'Jan. 25, 1773. . .


Countess of Upper Ossory


1342


1446 Feb. 1, 1773 . . .


Rev. William Mason .


1343


1447 Feb. 4, 1773 . . .


Countess of Upper Ossory


1344


1448 Feb. 11, 1773 . .


Countess of Upper Ossory .


1345


1449 Feb. 17, 1773 . .


Sir Horace Mann


1346


t Now printed for the first time.



List of Letters



T




c


1450 Feb. 18, 1773 . ,,.+x


Rev. William Cole .


1347


1451 March 2, 1773 . .


Rev. William Mason.


1348


1452 March 2, 1773 . .


Rev. William Mason .


1349


1453 March 11, 1773 . .


Countess of Upper Ossory


1350


1454 March 12, 1773 .


Sir Horace Mann


1351


1455 March 16, 1773 . .


Countess of Upper Ossory


1352


1456 March 27, 1773 . .


Rev. William Mason .


1361


1457 March 27, 1773 . .


Countess of Upper Ossory


1353


1458 April 7, 1773 . .


Rev. William Cole .


1354


1459 [April 1773] . . .


Viscount Nuneham .


1355


1460 April 27, 1773 . .


Sir Horace Mann


1356


1461 April 27, 1773 . .


Rev. William Cole .


1357


1462 April 30, 1773 . .


Countess of Upper Ossory


1358


1463f April [May] 2, 1773 .


Sir Horace Mann.




1464 May 4, 1773 . . .


Rev. William Cole .


1359


1465 May 15, 1773. . .


Rev. William Mason.


1360


1466 May 29, 1773. . .


Sir Horace Mann . .


1362


1467 May 29, 1773. . .


Rev. William Cole .


1363


1468 June 4, 1773. . .


Countess of Upper Ossory


1364


1469 June 11, 1773 . .


Countess of Upper Ossory


1365


1470 June 15, 1773 . .


Sir Horace Mann


1366


1471 June 21, 1773 . .


Countess of Upper Ossory


1367


1472 June 26, 1773 . .


Countess of Upper Ossory


1368


1473f June 1773 . . .


Sir Horace Mann.




1474 June 28, 1773 . .


Rev. William Mason.


1369


1475 July 5, 1773 . . .


Rev. William Maaon.


1370


1476 July 6, 1773 . . .


Dr. Berkenhout ....


1371


1477 July 13, 1778 . .


Sir Horace Mann


1372


1478 July 17, 1778 . .


Viscount Nuneham .


1373


1479 July 27, 1773 . .


Viscount Nuneham .


1374


1480 July 29, 1778


Rev. William Mason.


1375


1481 Aug. 9, 1773 . . .


Countess of Upper Ossory


1376


1482 Aug. 10, 1773 . .


Viscount Nuneham .


1377


1483 Aug. 13, 1773 . .


Countess of Upper Ossory


1378


1484f Aug. 15, 1773 . .


Sir Horace Mann.




1485 Aug. 17, 1773 . .


Viscount Nuneham .


1379


1486 Aug. 30, 1773 . .


Hon. Henry Seymour Con way


1380


1487 Sept. 1,1773. . .


Countess of Upper Ossory


1381


1488 Sept. 2, 1773. . .


Sir Horace Mann


1382


1489 Sept. 3, 1773. . ,


Rev. William Mason.


1383


1490 Sept. 9, 1773. . .


Sir Horace Mann


1384


1491 Sept. 17, 1773 . .


Rev. William Mason .


1385



f Now printed for the first time.



List of Letters



T


c


1492 Sept. 24, 1778 . .


Earl of Strafford .... 1386


1493 Oct. 1, 1773 . . .


T1387
Countess of Upper Osaory . J 1388


1494 Oct. 4, 1778 . . .


Sir Horace Mann . . . 1389


1495 Oct. 7, 1773 . . .


C1390
Countess of Upper Ossory . |


1496f [Oct. 1773] . . .


Earl of Hardwicke.


1497 Oct. 26, 1773 . . .


Countess of Upper Ossory . 1392


1498f Nov. 4, 1773 . . .


Sir Horace Mann.


1499 Nov. 6, 1778 . . .


Viscount Nuneham . . . 1393


1500 Nov. 15, 1778 . .


Earl of Strafford. . . . 1894


1501 Nov. 18, 1773 . .


Countess of Upper Ossory . 1895


1502 Nov. 19, 1773 . .


Rev. William Mason. . . 1396


1503 Nov. 27, 1773 . .


Rev. William Mason. . . 1397


1504 Nov. 28, 1778 . .


Countess of Upper Ossory . 1398


1505 Nov. 28, 1773 . .


Sir Horace Mann . . . 1399


1506 Dec. 1, 1773 . . .


Rev. William Mason. . . 1400


1507 Dec. 6, 1773 . . .


Viscount Nuneham . . . 1401


1508 Dec. 8, 1773 . . .


Rev. William Mason. . . 1402


1509 Dec. 9, 1773 . . .


Hon. Mrs. Grey .... 1403


1510 Dec. 14, 1773


Lord Hailes 1404


1511 Dec. 14, 1773 . .


Countess of Upper Ossory . 1405


1512 Dec. 14, 1773 . .


Rev. William Mason. . . 1406


1513 Dec. 20, 1773 . .


Countess Temple . . . 1407


1514 Dec. 21, 1773 . .


Sir Horace Mann . . . 1408


1515 Christmas night, 1773


Countess of Upper Ossory . <


1516 Childernmass Day .


Countess of Upper Ossory . 2578


1517 Dec. 80, 1773 . .


Countess of Upper Osaory . 1411


1518 Dec. 30, 1773 . .


Sir Horace Mann . . . 1413




1774.


1519 Jan. 5, 1774 . . .


Countess of Upper Ossory . 1414


1520 Jan. 14, 1774. . .


Rev. William Mason. . . 1415


1521f Jan. 19, 1774 . . .


Sir Horace Mann.


1522 Jan. 19, 1774. . .


Countess of Upper Ossory . 1416


1523 Jan. 21, 1774. . .


Rev. William Mason . . . 1417


1524 Jan. 27, 1774. . .


Duchess of Gloucester . . 1418


1525 Jan. 29, 1774. . .


Countess of Upper Ossory . 1419


1526 Feb. 2, 1774 .


Sir Horace Mann . . . 1420


1527 Feb. 12, 1774. . .


Countess of Upper Ossory . 1421


1528 Feb. 14, 1774. . .


Rev. William Mason . . . 1422


f Now printed for the first time.



xii List of Letters

T C

1529 Feb. 19, 1774. . . Countess of Upper Ossory . 1423

1530 Feb. 23, 1774 ... Sir Horace Mann . . . 1424

1531 March 19, 1774 . . Rev. William Mason . . . 1425

1532 March 23, 1774 . . Rev. William Mason. . . 1426 :

1533 March 28, 1774 . . Sir Horace Mann . . . 1427 v

1534 April 6, 1774 . . Countess of Upper Ossory . 1428

1535 April 7, 1774 . . Rev. William Mason . . . 1429

1536 April 17, 1774 . . Rev. William Mason . . . 1430

1537 May 1, 1774 ... Sir Horace Mann . . . 1431

1538 May 4, 1774 . . . Rev. William Cole . . . 1432
1589 May 15, 1774 . . Sir Horace Mann . . .1438



THE LETTERS

OP

HORACE WALPOLE

1336. To SIB HORACE MANK.

Arlington Street, Jan. 15, 1771.

THERE seems to be a pestilence amongst our politicians.
They go off by wholesale. The Duke of Bedford died last
night ; happily for himself, poor man ! for he had lost his
sight, and almost his speech and limbs. Sir Edward Hawke
is only dead politically, having resigned from age and
infirmities. The new Secretary of State, Lord Sandwich,
succeeds him 1 , and no man in England is fitter for the
office. I do not know who will have the Seals. Lord
Suffolk is most talked of, but, though young, he is all over
gout. The Great Seal remains at nurse, and the changes in
the law are still in suspense, like the Peace, which somehow
or other has been strangely bungled. We might, I am
persuaded, have had it two months ago. The opposition is
in the last state of a consumption ; Mr. Grenville's friends
point due west to St. James's ; Lord Chatham and Lord
Temple have quarrelled, and the latter is retired. Lord
Shelburne has lost his wife (our friend Lady Granville's
daughter 2 ), acts the disconsolate husband, and is going

LETTER 1336. l As First Lord of was daughter of John Carteret, Earl

the Admiralty. of Granville, by his second wife,

2 The first wife of William Fitz- Lady Sophia Fermor, daughter of

maurice, second Earl of Shelburne, Thomas, Earl of Pomfret. Walpole.



WALPOLE. VIII



2 To Sir Horace Mann [1771

abroad ; Wilkes and Parson Home write against each other ;
Alderman Sawbridge is dying ; and, in short, Lord Chatham,
like Widdrington in Chevy Chace, is left almost alone to
fight it out upon his stumps. So we must have a new
world, start new subjects, or sink into a dead calm ; for
I think still that we shall not go to war.

In France the scene seems thoroughly foolish. The
Duke of Choiseul has lost his power ridiculously by braving
a file de jvie, to humour two women s who seem to think
'qu'on ne doit pas etre impunement putain, sans etre
grande dame.' He comforts himself, as everybody does in
France that is in fashion, with being applauded, and with
reading a million of epigrams against his enemies ; not con-
sidering that he will be as much forgotten in a month as if
he was the pattern of last year's coat. The cabal that drove
him out are said to be divided ; at least they had no arrange-
ment ready. They have been dragging old lieutenant-
generals out of garrisons to fill up state places, and cannot
get enough even thence, or from hospitals ; but are trying
to furbish up ancient ministers and ambassadors to set
forwards for ostensible minister. They have talked of Mon-
sieur d'Ossun from Madrid, a Monsieur de Vergennes* who
was at Constantinople, and even of the silly Cardinal de
Bernis. The Chancellor, who is abhorred, seems to have
most credit. The Due d'Aiguillon, they say, is a little dis-
appointed, but will have the affaires etrangeres as soon as
the Peace is made ; but at present the Prince of Conde has
much power with the King. In the meantime the thunders
of Versailles have blunted themselves, and a composition is
on foot with the Parliament, who are permitted not to
register the last tempest. I do not think these new giants

8 The Duchesse de Grammont, * Charles Gravier (1718-1787),

sister of the Due de Choiseul, and Comte de Vergennes. He did not

her friend the Prineesse de Beauvau. come into office until 1774.
TPoZpote.



i?7i] To Sir Horace Mann 3

will grow more tractable when Pelion and Ossa are lifted off
their necks.

So much for England and France. Yes, yes, it is a new
world. The ancient dramatis personae are dead, or have
quitted the stage. I shall continue for your sake to send
you great outlines, but I cannot interest myself about a new
race, when I have done with the theatre myself. What can
occupy one less than a play-bill, when one scarce knows
half the actors by sight ? Not that I have that symptom
of age, esteeming only the veterans one remembers. God
knows, how few I admired of the old troop ! neither
Betterton nor Penkethman, Lord Hardwicke nor the Duke
of Newcastle. I can easily expect their successors to play
their parts better.

Princess Amelia, who is not of this age neither, was
very near dying two days ago of a bilious fever.

Well, as we have closed a long period, pray send me my
letters to the end of last year. I believe I have mentioned
it once or twice. I should like to have them all together,
for they are a kind of history only think of eight-and-
twenty years !

I will tell you what I must get you to send me, too, by
the first opportunity, the Lettere Pittoriche ; I am not quite
sure of the title, but they are three, four, or five small
volumes, in quarto, of the letters of the great painters.
I saw the two first volumes some time ago at Paris, but
could not get them ; and as I have now finished the last
volume of my Anecdotes of Painting, and intend, after it is
published, to make a new general edition, I know there are
passages in those Letters that I should like to insert in my
work. My own letters you will take care to reserve for
a safe opportunity, but the books I wish for immediately
by sea. Adieu !



B 2



To Sir Horace Mann [1771



1337. To SIR HOEACE MANN.

Arlington Street, Jan. 20, 1771.

You will wonder to hear from me again so very soon.
Yet I am not going to proclaim war, or announce peace ;
though I believe we shall, thank God, have the latter. We
have not a new Secretary of State, nor any new death ; but,
in short, I am impatient to thank you for a present that
I have received, and that you never mentioned having sent
me. Sure it is not so insignificant ! It is the volume of
Masaccio's designs, brought by Mr. Coxe. I am transported
with them ! They are nature itself, and evidently the pre-
cursors of Kaphael. He plainly availed himself of their
dignity, but scarce reached the infinite truth of their ex-
pression. The action of the mouth in every head almost
surpasses any other master, and seems to have been caught
only by this. I did not remember these works. Oh ! if
there are more, make your Patch 1 give us all. I cannot
be content under all. They are admirably touched and
executed : he must engrave the rest ; and there is one more
work he must perform, too. I remember at Florence a very
few pictures of Fra Bartolomeo, another parent of Kaphael,
and whose ideas I thought, if possible, greater : as there is
such a scarcity of his works, and as they have never that
I know been engraved, at least not so well I am persuaded
as these by Patch, make him add them to another set of
Masaccio's heads. It will immortalize you both to preserve
such works. I am much pleased, too, with the caricaturas,
that is, with those that are scarce caricaturas ; for, you must
know, I love truth ; and those that are not extravagant are
highly natural. Tell me more of this Patch ; and, if you

LBTTEB 1337. l An English artist wards much known and employed,
and picture-dealer and cleaner, after- Walpole. Thomas Patch (d. 1782).



I77i] To Sir Horace Mann 5

have a mind to please me quite, send me a drawing by him
of yourself, of your whole person, exactly as you are.
Astley's head of you, though finely coloured, never satisfied
me for likeness. Let me have your figure precisely, and
as natural as the Crelia in Funzione. I am expecting Sir
Joshua Eeynolds, our best painter, whom I have sent for,
to see some wonderful miniatures I have bought, and these
heads of Masaccio. I think they may give him such lights
as may raise him prodigiously. I must repeat it, the
mouths, and often the eyes, are life itself. There is but one
head I do not like ; it is No. 22 ; and yet I believe it
a portrait, but ill chosen. My dear Sir, do push on this
work: let us have more of Masaccio, and all the few of
Bartolomeo. The Great Duke will not refuse you a per-
mission for Patch to copy them.

22nd.

Obligations beget importunities. I must beg you to send
me two more of Patch's volumes of Masaccio ; but, as they
are for other people, I must pay for them ; so don't haggle,
but tell me their price, and I will give your brother the
money.

The Parliament is in the act of meeting ; but, I should
think, except a Mansfield-baiting, there will be little stirring
till the Peace is made, and can be found fault with. Made,
I hope, and think, it will be. For the vacancies, they are
still at market. It is odd that just at the same moment,
in France the Chancellor cannot make a minister, and in
England the minister cannot make a Chancellor.

As this is a letter of supererogation, I make no excuses
for its brevity. Adieu.

Tuesday, 22nd, in the evening.

I had sealed my letter, as you will perceive ; and break it
open again in a great hurry, to tell you the Peace 2 was

2 The agreement with Spain relative to the Falkland Isles.



6 To Lady Mary Coke [1771

signed last night, and declared in the House of Commons
to-day. You will ask the conditions : I don't know them
yet, nor much trouble my head about them, but I could not
help sending you this good news.

My codicil must contradict half my letter. Lord Halifax
is Secretary of State, and Lord Suffolk Privy Seal.
Mr. Bathurst, Lord Keeper, en attendant his father's death
to be Chancellor ; De Grey, Chief Justice of the Common
Pleas ; Thurlow and Wedderburne 3 Attorney and Solicitor-
Generals. There, I think I shall have no occasion to write
again soon. Good night !

1338. To LADY MARY COKE.

Arlington Street, Jan. 27, 1771.

I AM extremely flattered, dear Lady Mary, by your sisters
telling me that you complain of my silence alas ! I thought,
surrounded by emperors and empresses, you could not
think of or care for the letters of such little mortals as I.
I imagined that I must write to you with all the formality
of the Aulic Chamber. I had begun an epistle and put
myself into one of M. de Seilern's most exalted altitudes, but
my words came so slow, that I should not have finished
before I hope you will return. By your kind reproof I trust
you will allow me to descend from my Austrian buskins,
and write in my usual style. I am [not], nor ever can be,
altered towards your Ladyship ; but, truth is, I feared your
having become at least an Archduchess, and did not know,
which would be a thousand pities, but your fair nose might

3 Alexander Wedderburn (1738- Common Pleas, 1780-92 ; LordChan-

1805), M.P. for Bishop's Castle ; cr. cellor, 1798-1801. Wedderburn was

(June 17, 1780) Baron Loughborough the object of Horace Walpole's special

of Loughborough in Leicestershire ; detestation.

cr. Earl of Kosslyn in 1801 ; Solicitor- LETTER 1338. NotinC. ; reprinted

General, 1771-78; Attorney-General, from Letters and Journals of Lady

1778-80 ; Lord Chief Justice of the Mary Coke, vol. iii. p. 369, n. 1.



177 1] To Lady Mary Coke 7

have risen half an inch, and your lips, which could never
mend, have dropped and pouted with prodigious dignity at
being addressed with a familiarity unknown to the house
of Hapsburg. I am transported with finding you still the
same, and could now almost trust you with the baneful
influence of the Czarina. However, pray never think of
making her a visit too. You have travelled enough, and
ought to have the Magi come to see you, instead of wander-
ing yourself after every star. I do not pretend, Madam, to
tell you news, for Lady Strafford and Lady Greenwich leave
none untold. One article rejoices me greatly, the Peace with
Spain. I do not wish to conquer the world every ten years !
Events happen here so daily, that we do not want battles
and sieges for conversation ; and yet I think politics are
likely to grow a little drowsy. The deaths of Mr. Grenville



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