I. (Isaac) Slater.

Slater's royal national and commercial directory and topography of the counties of Bedfordshire, Buckinghamshire, Cambridgeshire, Huntingdonshire, Norfolk, Oxfordshire, and Suffolk : comprising classi online

. (page 32 of 131)
Online LibraryI. (Isaac) SlaterSlater's royal national and commercial directory and topography of the counties of Bedfordshire, Buckinghamshire, Cambridgeshire, Huntingdonshire, Norfolk, Oxfordshire, and Suffolk : comprising classi → online text (page 32 of 131)
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CARRIERS.

To C AM BRI nGE, Robt. Reuben Harrey,
from bis house, Wednesday & Saturday,
and to SAINT IVES, every Monday.



I



CHATTERIS



S a parish, in the northern division of Witchford I oak trees have been brought to the surface from aeon-
hundred. Isle of Ely— the town, which in 1834, oh- siderablc depth. The trade of the place is almost
taiued the privilege of holding a market, is 71 miles N. wholly of a domestic retail character, assisted by the



Irom London (83 by rai7),28 N.by w. fnmi Cambridge,
12 N. by E. from St. lve.s, and the like distance N.w.
from the city of Ely ; siiuated on theline ofthe Eastern
Counties Railway, f"r which the town is a station.
Chatteris is a place of considerable antiquity : in
Domesday-book it was written Cetriz and Catfriz ; by
some old authors, Chaleriz ; and Camden, differing
from all the otlier authorities, writes it Cheaterizh.
A convent of Benedictine monks was founded here
about the year 980, by Alwena, niece to King Edgar,
and wife of Aihelstan, Earl ofthe East Angles : in the
reign of Henry I. the nunnery was annexed to the
church of Ely, and totally suppressed in 1538: the
manor house, an ancient edifice, stands upon ihe site
ofthe nunnery. Tlnie have been many antiquities
ling up here in excavating for gravel : not many years
since part of the skeleton ot an elephant was found ten
feet below tbe surface ofthe ground ; and in 1824 an
earthen vessel, coiiiainitiK about one thousand copper
coins, was ploughed up Hbout two miles from the vil-
lage; they were of Roman origin, chiefly ofthe em-
perors Constainius and Constantine, and a few with
Ihe emblem of Romulus and Remus suckled by a wolf.

SeveiHl curious relics of the same nation have lieen

found at difJerent periods hereabout — amoniist others,

celts, and a doubie-edned sword, the hilt embossed

with figures of men fightiiiK — this interesting antique

was, when discoveied, in a remarkably perfect state of

preservation. In several jiarts of tbe fen lands large

POST OFFICE, Market-place, .Mah^la Rawley, Post Mistress. — Letters from hII parts arrive every

morning at three, and are despatched at half past nine at uight.

22



neighbuorinij gentry and farmers; besides which it is
a thoroughfare town, being the direct road from Nor-
folk to Huntingdon and the western counties, and also
Iviiig on a fine line of road between Peterborouiih and
Newmaiket : the opening ofthe Eastern Counties, and
other railv^-ays have, however, diminished the road
traffic through Cambridijeshiie, and injured the trade
of some of its towns, while the rail has advanced the
prosperity of others. The Bishop of Ely is lord ofthe
nianiir, and a couit-leet is held by him on Saint Mat-
thew's day, when constables are appointed, and nui-
sances presented ; petty sessions are also held at the
Gi-orge Inn, on the fust and thiid Tuesdays in each
month ; and Chatteris is included in tlie March circuit
of towns under the act (passed August, 1846) for the
recovery of debts to any amount not exceeding £20.

The [larish church of Saint Peter and Saint Paul is
a handsome stiucture, with a square tower: the living
is a vicarage, in the patronage anil also present incum-
bency of the Rev. Michael Augustus (iatliercole. There
are places of worship for liainists. Independents, Cal-
vinists, the Society of Friends, and Methodists — both
Primitive and Wesleyan. There are public schools,
conducted u|)on tbe Biitish and National plans — the
latter, for children of either sex, is a most efficient and
useful establishment. Tbe market is held on Friday,
anil the fairs on the last Friday in April and the first
Friday in Odober. The parish of Chatteris contained
in 1831, 4.177 inhabitants, and in 1841, 4,813.



i^trector^*



CHATTERIS.



Camliiitige!5|bite.



GENTRY AND CLERGY.

Aiigood Mr. Sainui'l.Rayiueuts lane
Hell Mrs. Maikft place
Brand Mrs. Rachel, Hieh street
Cawthorn Mr. Robert, High st
Cope Rev. Janu-s, top of Alill end
Curtis Mrs. Ann, Palk st [lane

Faulkner Mrs. Hannah, Saberton's
Fisher Rev. James, Hive lane
Fiyer Mr. Alfred, VVenny end
Fryer Danirl, E.sq. Park st
Fryer John, Esq. (magistrate).

High st [Park >t

Fryer Thomas, Esq. (magistrate),
Gardner John Dunn, Esq. Wenny end
Gathercoie Rev. Michael Augustus,

Vicarage
Giay Mr. William, New road
Giiffiiii Rev, William, New road
Levvin the Mi>ses, Park st
Lynn Rev. Jame«, Mill end
Richardson Mr. John, Mill end
Ruston Miss Margaret, Wenny end
Rusion Richard. Esq. Wenny end
Skeeis Henry, Esq. Mill end
Smith Mis. JEleanor, Slade end
Smith Mr. Joseph, Park st
Vipan Mr. Robert, Mepal
Warth Mr. Ht-nrv, High st
Weidon Mr. John, Mill end

ACADEMIES AND SCHOOLS.

Not otherwise described are Day Schools.

Bass Frances, New road

British School (boy.s). New road

— James Hawley, master
British School (giilsj. New road

Elizabeth Blomfield, mistress
Drake Maiy (boarding and day).

Mille«d
Lovell James, Mill end



BOOKSELLER St STATIONER.

Southwell Joseph (and printer),
High street

BOOT AND SHOE MAKERS.

Abbott Josepli, Mill end
Bellamy Tliomas, Hiiih st
Camps Josf ph, Mai ket place
Cockerton Joseph, Hive lane
Cotton George, Slade end
Gaye Richard, Hive lane
Gunton Richard, Hive lane
Moulion Richard, High.-t
Murfitt John, Mill end
Peyton West, Wenny end
Reed George Bonfield, Paik st
Sears Jojin, Paik st
Skerls Jo.sepli, Slade lane
Wlialey William, Slade end
Wheeler Joseph, New road

BRAZIERS AND TINMEN.
Brooks SewHrd, High st
Langford Thomas, Hi^h st

BREWERS.
Fryer Daniel&Thos. Cross Keys lane
Lindsell TlioniHS, High st
Vipan Benjamin & Son, Mepal

BRICK MAKERS AND LIME
BURNERS.

Curtis William, Mill end
Fryer Thomas, Park st
Lemon VVilliam, New road
Wade Jeremi.ih, Mill end
BRICKLAYRS «c PLASTERERS.
Brown William, Wenny end
Johnson James, New road
Lemon William (and stone mason).
New road [end

Pacey William (and slater). Lane
Wade Jeremiah, Mill end
BUTCHERS.



Lynn Emma & Maria, Mill lane

Lyon Rev. James, Mill end , „ „ . . r. .

Natio.nal School, Smart's lane— ' ^Upress Benjamin, Park st
John Harrison, masters Emma ^"""" ^^'"'^'"- *'''*'^*^ '^"''
Skeeis, mistress i ;l) st
Langford Thomas, HiL'h st

MALTSTERS.

Fryer Daniel &Thos.Cros.s Keyslaue
Lindseirriionias, Hiuli st
Vipau Benjamin & Son, Mepal

MILLERS.

Bavs Heniy, Slade end [end

Freeman, Alarchant & Wartb, Will
Laneman Peter, Rmnsfield
Wriylit Francis, New road

MILLINERS & DRESS MAKRS.

Cra-hl v Jane, Hii^l) st
Lavender Maix', Hii,'li st
O>horii Jane, Highest

PAINTERS, PLUMBERS, AND
GLAZIERS.

Allain James Little, lliitield

ItowtoM U'iliiam, Hive end

Se irs Josiph, Weiuiv end

WaU.ticId Ann, Slade end

Wright Fiedeiick, Hiieend

STRAW BONNET MAKERS.

Jiellamy Sarah, HiL'h sf
ICveriit'Hli.alieth, Sla.de end
Osborii Jane, H'gh st



Riiston Saiab, Weimy end
Smith Mary Ann, Slade end

SURGEONS.

Aiclier John, Mill end
Deane James, New road
Saunders Ebene-^er, Mill end
Wright Jo>eph Hall, New road

SURVEYORS-LAND.
Lovell James, Hiudi st
Paicher I'hilip, New road

TAILORS.

iMarki'd tliiis * are also Drapers.
•Anderson John. Marketplace
.Angood Josepli, Slade end
Clark Georee, i\Hll end
Kendrick Thoiniis, High st
•Leiiton John Wennycnd
Millard Thomas, Wenny end
'Oliver John, Market pi. & High st
Payten John, Park st
Sabertoii William, Hive end
Skeels John William, Sn)art's lane
Stratton Samuel, Wenny end
Sumner John, High st
*Tuck James, Hiuh st
U hittlesea Robert, Hi ah st

TAVERNS & PUBLIC HOUSES.

Black IJnll, Win. Cardpll, Smalt's lane
Black Hoi-sp, Eihvard Hndson, Slade end
Cock, Jame.s Cook, Mill end
Cross Ke>s,Chas. Chapman, Market place
Oown & Anclior,Mary Angood, Hive end
Frn I'loiifrli. \Vm. Seabrook, Hive end
Kin? William IV, Henry BilIetl,Hisli st
Red Lion. Joseph Bedford. Mill end
Rose & Crown, Thos. Andrews, Slade end
.Ship, James Darlow, Slade end
Spade & Beckft, Oavid Mace. Slade end
Wheatslieaf, Anthony ■Miller, Wenny end
White r^art, Thomas Ansiood, Mill end
While Lion, Benjamin Harrison, High st

Retailers of Beer

Allam Josepli, High st
Ashy .lames. Hive end
C-eby John. Slade end
Bird William, Slade end
Bond Thomas, .Slade end
Brand .lolin, Back lane
Carpenter Thnmns, Slade end
Chapman M irk. Hive end
( hapman Richard, New road
Dishy Tobias, .Slade end
Drake 'I'humas, Itack lane
Edgley John, Mill end
Gage Richard, Slade end
How Isaac, New road
Hudson William. Shde end
Larte 'I'homa'^, Hive lane
Mace David, Slade end
Millard 'I homas, Henny end
Milchell John, New road
Mnnns Daniel, .Mill end
Nichols Thomas. Hive lane
Niinn Thomas, Slade end
Raymond Richard, Hive end
Seabrook William. Hive end
Shilling lahvard.HiRli st
Skeels Joseph, Slade end
Skeels Philip. Back lane
Smith PtreKiine, Slade end
Sole 'I'hoiiias. Hive lane
.Summers Thomas, Back lane
Walton William. SI ide end
W arwick John. Slade end
We-t Thomas, Wenny end
Wheeler Joseph, New" road
Uoodwaril Hoheit, High st



WTATCHAND CLOCK MAKERS.

Smallhones John Thoma>, High st
Smith Ttiomas, Park st

WHEELWRIGHTS.

Meeks Charter, Rayment's lane
O.sborn William, Mill end
Oslmrn William, jun. Smart's lane
Tillhrook Ivlwaril, Slade end
Turiitr William, Ruymeiit'> lane

WINE & SPIRIT MERCHANTS.

Fryer I) miel & Thomas (spirit),

Cross Keys lane
Lind>ell Thomas (spirit), High st
Newton Robert, Hiub st
v'ijj.in Reiijamin & Son, Mepal

Miscellaneous

Armitage John, nKricultural machine
maker, l\larket place [st

Baker Thomas, professor of music, High
Bearcnck John, iron and brass founder,
Park street [place

Biidsall Fras. veterinary siirijeon, Market
Chamberlain James, fellmonKer.Hive end
Curry Wm. inspector of police, New road
Gas VVokks, Slade end— John Smith,

proprietor
Grant Charles, cooper. High st
Hall Thomas, music seller, High .«t
Lvi.ANU REVHNUcOFKiCB.at the George
Hotel, High street — Alexander James,
ollicer
James Alex,Tnder, revenue officer, Newrd
James Thomas, accountant, Mill end
Literary Institution, High street-
George Mumhy, secretary
Mould Mary, basket maker, Iliiih st
Newitt James, chief constable, New road
Newton Uobert, agent, and bookine office
to Ihe Eastern Cooiilies' Railway,
George Hotel, High st [lane

Pack William, travelling tea dealer.rtack
Sears Thos. corn and Hour de3ler,High st
Stamp Offick, High street— Edward

Leonard Leigh, distributer
Tlirossell Win. land agent, Wenny end
Wade Benjamin Blyth, architect and
builder, Mill end



CONVEYANCE BY RAILWAY,

ON TDK F.ASTF.UN COUNTIKS' I.INF,.

Slatinn, Hive end, about one mile from
the centre of the town — Allied Mar-
rage, station uuntfr . Rubeit Newton,
agent and booking ojfite, at the George
Hotel.

Omnibuses at the station await the arrival
and attend the departure of the several
trains.

CARRIERS.

To LONDON, and forward to various
parts, tlje Kastern C'oiiniies' Railway
Company, fiom their station. Hive end,
daily— Alfred Manage, station master

To HUNTINGDON and RA.MSEY,
Snelling Pepper, from the White Lion,
I'riday

To MARCH, Richd.Earl, from his house,
Wenny end, Tuesday and Friday

To SAINT IVES, Richard Fail, from
Wenny end, Monday and Thursday,
and Snelling Pepper, from the White
Lion, Friday

To WISBFACII, Richard Fail, from
Uriinj end, Tuesday and FViday



j| His city, the rapital of the isle of Fly, is situated
about the centie of ihc cdiinty of Camlni'lue ; Ii7 iiiilc^
N. by y- from London, IfJ n. by i:. from Cambiidgc, and
Li N. .N. w. from Newmarket. The X'eii. table (i.de
derives its name from the va»t qiiaiititics of eels taken
in the low fen lands jnevious to and in his time, when
they were not iiiilaiiked or diaineM ; and other antho-
ri'ies are eitherVilciit upon|the subject, or acquiesce in
the oiiinion ..f this ancient wiiti-r. The city stands on
the |}ank.sof the Uuse, upon an eiuhience, overlooking

24>



ELY.



on every side, an extensive ranee of country: if is clean
but possesses little that can interest the stranger besides
tts cathedral— which forms a noble and iiiominent
object. Ti e town consists principallv of one long
street, from whii h other smaller ones' brancli ; near
the centie is a tolerably spacious market place, and
; omtmidious corn exchange— the latter erected in 1847.
I he shire ball, or com t hou^e, is a convenient building,
composed of a centre and two wings; the foiiner con-
tains apaitinents for liolUing the couiLs, while the



^irectorg.



ELY.



CTambrtirge-sftir^



north vvinj< is appropriated to the |)urposes of aiiinfir-
Euary and the south to a chapel ; a house of coriectici)
is behind the couit hou>e, and tlie comnioii gaol is on
one side of it. A very liandsouie building, has been
erected, near the city, i«r the extensive Union formed
iu the neighhonriiood under the New Poor Law.

The district around Kiy is sirittly agricultural, and
the manufactures of tlie city are neither various nor
extensive : there are several flour and oil mills, some
maltines and breweries, and a pottery. Gardening is



be dedicated to the Undivided Trinity, which was ac-
cordingly done; this charter ordained that the estahlish-
nient should consist ofa dean,a prie-t,eiglit prebendaries
and sundry other ministers. The present establishment
comprises a bishop, eiaht canons, five minor canons,
eight lay clerks and tlie like numberof choristers. The
edifice, as it now stands, is a majestic and elegant pile,
erected at different periods, and presenting a curious
medley of the Saxon and Gothic-Norman styles: it is
535 feet long from east to west, and 190 from north to



pursued generally and prosperously; several acres of j south ; its height is 112 feet, and that of the west tower
land are appropriated to the growth of that delicate (the spire of whichjias been removed) 215 feet. The
vegetable, asparaaus, much of which is despatched to architecture of the interior is chaste, yet highly orna-
the Loudon market ; and by means of the river Onse a ' niented ; it contains two chapels, which suttered injury
considerable trade is carried on in corn and coal, 'i'he j fiom the excesses committed by tlie soldiers of Crom-
fen lands in the vicinity are preserved fioin inundation i well in the contest between Ciiaiies I and the Parlia-
by artificial hanks constructed along the sides of the I ment. Several interesting monuments of bishops, and



livers; tiiese lands, from ti)eir improved state of
drainage, are much moie valuable now than they
formerly w^eie: the steam engine has superseded the
employment of wiiidmills in raising the waters from



a tomb of one of the earls of Worcester, erected in the
time of Richard HI, are worth notice. The Right Rev.
Thomas Turton, d.d. is the present Blsiiop ; and the
very Reverend George Peacock, d.d. (rector of VVent-



tlie lands into the river. The principal inns are the j worth), is dean. Trinity ciiurch, formerly called Saint
♦ While Hait,' the ' Lamb,' and the ' Angel;' thev Mary's chapel, stands at the south side of the caihe-
liave all an established reputation with commercial dral — indeed it has for many years been attached to, and



gentlemen: the first-named has a good bowling-ureeii
attached. Conrts of sessions are held regnlaily in the
shire hall; courts leetand baron are held by the bishop
for his manor, and by the dean and cliapter for the
manor over which they have jnri^diction. The assizes
tor the Isle of Ely, formerly held here and at Wisbeach
alternately, have been discontinued, wnder ilie provi-
sions ofa recent act of parli-iment: for that and many
other purposes, the affairs of the Isle of Ely are merged
in the geneial business of the county: but Ely is
included in the thirty-second circuit of County Court
towns, undertheact passedin 1846, for the recovery of
debts to any amount, not exceeding £20. — the court
sits monthly in the shire hall. A Mechanics' Institution
was established in 1842, and a Museum connected
with it, was opened in 1849 — il.hasaiso a well selected
library,

A churcli and nionnstery were est.iblished here by
Eihelreda, a princess of Ea>t Analia, so early as the
year 673; these edifices, and the ancient monastery of
Soham (six miles distant), were reduced to ashes about
two centuries after their foundation, and their religious
inhabitants massacred, by the ruthless Danes. In 970
Efhelwald, bishop of Winchester, pnicliased the whole
Isle and rebuilt the monastery; he placed some monks
in it, and appointed an abbot over them: it subsequently
passed through vnrious liands, beini.' altern itely demo-
lished and rebuilt, untihthe ye. ir 1541, when Henry VIII
granted a charter for converting it into a cathedral, to



forms part of the latter structure: its interior has been
mostsupeih; the roof is unsupported by pillars, and
was at one time painted sky-blue, and studded with
gilt stars, to represent the firmatnent. The other church
— Saint Maiy's, stands a short distance from the cathe-
dral; the livings of both are perpetual curacies, in the
patronage of the Dean and Chapter. There ;ue places
of worship for Bapti>ts, the Wesleyan and Primitive
Methodists, and Lady Huntington's connexion. The
charitable and educational institutions comprise a
national school, and a well-conducted free school— the
latter founded by a Mrs. Catherine Needhani, for thirty
poor boys, who are clothed animally, and with each an
appreniicesliip fee is given: there is also a free gram-
mar school, founded by Henry VIII, for conferring on
the sons of tradesmerr belonging to the city a classical
education; a competent master is appointed by the
Dean and Chapter of Ely ; the school is, however, but
thinly attended. There are almshoH>es for poor widows;
and a considerable income, arisirrg from estates de-
vised by a Mr. Thoma* Parson, is annually distributed
among the poor inhabitants of the city; there are also
other minor charities. The tnarket is held on Thuis-
day, for corn, cattle, 'seed and other commodities.
Fairs, Holy Thursday and October 29th. Thecity,com-
prising the two parishes of riinity and Saint Mary,
Ely college, and Chettesham chapelry, contained by
the official returns, made in 1831, 6,189 inhabitants,
and in 1841, 6,825.



POST OFFICE, MARKET PLACE, ELY,

Mr. JOHN CLEMENTS, Post Master.
Arrival of the Mails

From London, Attleborough, Bishops Stortford, Boston, Brandon, Cambridge, Holeeach, Lvnn,

March, Norwich, Saffron Walden, Thetford, Wisbeach, VV^ymondham, Yarmouth, and the

South, West, and North of England, every night at half-past twelve and afternoon at half-past two.

From Alford, Boston, Bury St. Edmunds, Downham, Harlow, Holbeach, Hull, Louth, March,

Newmarket, Peterborough, Spalding, Spilsby and Wisbeach, every night at half-past twelve.

Despatch of the Mails
To London, Bishops Stortford, Cambridgr, and South, West, and North of England, every

'nrorning at nine and night at five minutes before ten.
To Attleborough, Boston, Brandon, Lynn. March, Norwich, Thetford, Wisbeach, Wymondham

and Yarmouth, every afternoon ht oire and five minutes before ten at night.
To Alford, Bury St. Edmunds, Downham, Harlow, Holbeach, Hull, Louth, Newmarket, Saffrop*



Online LibraryI. (Isaac) SlaterSlater's royal national and commercial directory and topography of the counties of Bedfordshire, Buckinghamshire, Cambridgeshire, Huntingdonshire, Norfolk, Oxfordshire, and Suffolk : comprising classi → online text (page 32 of 131)