I. (Isaac) Slater.

Slater's royal national and commercial directory and topography of the counties of Bedfordshire, Buckinghamshire, Cambridgeshire, Huntingdonshire, Norfolk, Oxfordshire, and Suffolk : comprising classi online

. (page 48 of 131)
Online LibraryI. (Isaac) SlaterSlater's royal national and commercial directory and topography of the counties of Bedfordshire, Buckinghamshire, Cambridgeshire, Huntingdonshire, Norfolk, Oxfordshire, and Suffolk : comprising classi → online text (page 48 of 131)
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short disiaiK e to the east, is one of the most extensive that village on the Huntingdon road, and on the Ro-
sheets of water in the kingdom; it covers a surface nian Ermin-street. 'rhoogh now of but roinpaiative
six miles in length and three in breadth, and alionnds insigniticance, it was formerly a maiket town, and well
with fish. The neighbom lio^d produi'es asieat qiiaii- frequented. Stilton gives name to the famous cheese
tity of >edges and reeds, in the prep.iration of which so called, of which considerable quantties are sold
nianv persons find etnplo\ment. I here, although it is made in the neiiihbourhood of

The (hutch, dedicated to Saint Peter, standing on an Melton Mowlnviy. Leicestershire. The- plact-s of wor-
ele a'ion, at the western extremity of the town, is a ship are the parish church of Samt Mary, and a Wes-
hanrtsonie bnildini;, piincipilly in the later style of leyan chapel. The livint: of Stilton is a rectory, in the
Knulish aichitectnie, with a tower surmounted by an gift of the Bishop of Liiuoln ; the Rev. James Sber-
eleaant spire, ciockettfd and supported bv flviiig but- latd is the present n ctor. The parish contained iu
tresses: the livinu is a dischaiged vicarane, in the pa- 1831, 793 inhabitants, nnd in 1841, 817.

POST OFFICE, Stilton, Charles Stokes, Po^t il/OT^f-r.— Letters from London and all parts arrive
every momina at f mr, aad are despatched at five minutes past nine at night.



GENTRY AND CLERGY.

Chapptll Rev John, Yrixley
Franey John, Ksh(s, and by pnrt of Lincolnshiie and Cam-
b'riilgf shire. It is almost entirely insulated by tlie >ea and by thf rivers, which latter foiin its internal boun-
dary. Its tigure is very compact, presenting an almost unbroken convexity to the ocean, and a curve somewhat
indenteil to the land— thus nearly forming an oval, of which -the diameier from north to south is forty-five
miles, and that fmm f-ast to west abcnit seventy; its circumference is about one hundred and seventy miles,
enclosing an area of 2,024 square miles, or 1,295,360 statute acres. In size it ranks as the fourth Knglish
county, atid in population as the tenth.

Name and early history. — This county derives its name from the Saxons, it forming the northern
district of East Anglia, arrd having the Saxon compound North fok, signifying the ' northern people,' or the
'nortiiern folk.' In the time of the Romans it formed a part of that v^arlil;e kingans. The manufacture of hombisin and crape, has, of late years, been seiiously aflfeitxi by the intro-
duction of oilier articles as sub>titut(S; and, the leal ' Nop wich shawl,' at one time so mucli in deniand, has
given place, in a great measuie, to othei designs and differently constructed fabrics. An article, called para-
matta, since its lecent iiiiroduciion, Mas experienced a veiy brisk demand. Vannontli enjoys considerable
consequence, in the double capacity of a port and fisliing-lown ; from its heiiiiii; fishery, esperially, and the
peculiar and unrivalled mode of curing th.it fish, it has Ions; enjoyed great i)rosperity and fame. The mackerel
fishery is likewise of great im|)ortanee, and tire ports of Norfolk, participate generally, in the Greenland
fishery. Other towns have their several advaiit,i)jes, hut no particular' branch of mnnnfacture is prominently
exhibited, or can be particularized. The trade usually found in provincial towns fiourisli in this county —
maltings, breweries, tanneries, rope-walks, &c. may be recognised as furnishing employment for ca|)ital and
subsistence to the industrious worktnan..

Rivers and mineral springs, canals and railways. — The priircipal rivers, which hare their source
in this county, and others that pass through it, are the Greater Ouse, the 1>esser Ouse, the Nen, the
Waveney, tlie Wensum, the Vare, the Uure and the Nar. The Great Ouse rises in Huntingdonshire, and
after parsing Huritiirgdon, Saint Ives and Ely, enters this county on the south-west, and, runirint: north-east,
falls info iheGeiinan Ocean below Lymr Regis. Tiie Little Ouse ri^cs aboutthe middle of the SnfTolU border,
and, separntirra the two counties as it flows north-west, becomes navigable from Thetford, and empties it«elf
into the Great Ouse not far from Downham. The Nen, rising in Northamiitonshire, passes the towirs of
Nortliampion, Thrapstone, Oundle, Peterborough and VVisbeach, atrd foiins the western boutidaiy of this
county; and, after commuiricating by several channels with the Ouse, falls into the sea at the Lintolnshire
VVashes. The Waveney has its source separated from that of the l^ittle Ouse by a carrseway only, Hud,
running north-east, forms the remainder of the Suffolk boundary — beiirg iraviuable from liuntjay to its junc-
tion with the Yare, a little above Yarmouth, where it falls irrto the Nirrth sea. Trie Yaiejises near Sliipdh.an,
in the centre of the county; and being joined by theTase on the south, and the Wensum on tlie south-ca-t of
Norwich, flows on to Yarmouth, near which it receives the streams of the Wavenev, Burt and Thyme. The
Bure, joined by the Thyrne and other sniHller streams from tire north-east, meets the V'are to the north-
west of Yarmouth ; it is navigable to Aylsham. The Wensum has its source at VVestlludham, in this county ;
it errvrions the city of Norwich, and falls into the Yai'e. The Nar rises at Niteham ; it i* navinable as far as
Narborough, and f.dls into the Greater Ouse. The smaller streams, flowing through an almost level country,
are slow in their course, and frequently diffuse themselves over tbe lower tracts in theii' progress, fonnint;
shallow lakes, here called 'broads,' which are pleirtifully stored with fish and vvater-fowl ; on some ofrhem
are decoys for- wild ducks. There are but few mineral waters in this comity, and none that ai e celebrated for
resort: Thetford, at one time, enjoyed repute from its spa, and a punip-room and public baths vvere erected
by a gentkni in of the town ; but little encouragement, however, wa^ given to lire establishment, and the
buildiuK was finally closed. — Canals : 'I'he inland navigation of this county is njion a small scale, and the
construction of railways presents an obstacle to its ever- becomini! of much greater extent. A cannl ruirs from
Wisbeach, in Cambridgeshire, to Outwcll Creek and Saltcrs Lwad, in Norfidk, its exteirt beini; about six
miles. Irr 179'). an act of parliament was obtained fer cutting a navigable canal from the Eaw Bank to Lynn
Regis, and irr 180."), another act was passed for amendirrn the former one. — Railways: The Norfidk Railway
enters the ronntv about teir miles north-ea^t of Ely, and proceeds by Attlehoroiigh aird Wymondham to Nor-
wich and Yarmouth: from Wymoirdham there is a Branch to East Dereham, which will be continued to
Fakenham, Walsiiruham and Wells. Tlie East Anglian Railway enters frmir Caiirhiidgeshire, and uoes to
Downham Maiketarrd Lynn Re^is, with an extension to Swiffham and Ivast Dcieliaiii. From Burn ton sta-
tion on the Do«rrliam section of the Ea laid to Wisheach, which will coiiununicate
with the Great Noitheni line. 'I'iie Ijiswicb, Bury arrd Norwich Railway (or the Eastern Uirioir) enters
this county at Diss, and terminates at. Non\ici),

Ecclesiastical and civil divisions, and representation. — Christianify was introduced into this part
of East Anglia at a very early perioil : Felix was constituted bishop, and fixed his residence at Dunwich, in
Suffolk; ihedioce.ss wes afterwardsdivided into two district-^, Durrwich, and Noi Or IClniham, in Nmfolk; the
episcopal see was sirhsequently traii'-lated from Elinham to Thetford, arrd from tlnnce to Norwich, where it
now remains. The first bishop of Norwich was Heibert Lu/i^na, who dieil in 1119; the present bishop is a
haron of the realm, and sits in the house of jieeis— aho a titular abb it of Saint Bennett's, in Holme, the only
abbot now in Err^larrd. Norfolk is in the prmince of Canterbury and diocess of Norwich, and givisnairre to
a Circuit of the judges, 'i'he marine governmentof the county is vested in a naval ofTreer of high jurisdiction,
who is styled ' Vice-Admiral of Norfolk.' Tlie county is divided into thirty-thice hundreds, namely —

Blotield, Rrpini;liam(Nortli&South) Onilt-Cross Mitfonl,

Brotlrercross, ICym-srord, Iluppini;, .Shropliana,

Clackclosp, I'legi; (East and West), Henstead. Smitlidon,

Claveriiig, Fortlioe, Ilolt, 'rdverliam,

D'.'pwade, Freebridge, (rjvnn & Marshland,) Ilnmlilpyard, Tiiiidtfad,

Diss. 'ireeiilii)e{ North & South), Laiinditcli, Wjlsliam,

ICatiham, Grimiliue, Loddon, Wayland.

These contain seven hundred and twenty-nine parishes and five parts of pari.'^hes, one city and county town
(Norwich), and twenty other market towns. The whole couiiiy returns twelve memhers to parliament,
namely — ft)ur for the county at large, two for the city of Norwich, and two each for the boroughs of Lynn
Regis, Thetford and Yarmoutli. Previous to the passing of the Reform Bill, Castle Rising returned two mem-
bers, but by its provi.'^ions was disfranchised; U\o additional county meniheis however, being conferied :
the total number of I eprcsentatives continue the sanre. Tlie Boutrdary Act divides the county into two parts,
respectively named tli« ' Eastern Division' and the ' Western Division ;' the return of members for the foi iner

2



UBirector^,



Korfolfe.



h made from Norwk h, and for the latter from Swaffhain. The eastern division polls also at Yarmouth, Reephara
North Walsham and Long Stratton ; and the western also at Downham, Fakeiiham, Lynn Regis, Thetford and
East Dereham. The gecitlenieii, at present sitting for the Eastern Di»isi(.n aie, Edmund VVodeliouse Esq



Online LibraryI. (Isaac) SlaterSlater's royal national and commercial directory and topography of the counties of Bedfordshire, Buckinghamshire, Cambridgeshire, Huntingdonshire, Norfolk, Oxfordshire, and Suffolk : comprising classi → online text (page 48 of 131)