I. (Isaac) Slater.

Slater's royal national and commercial directory and topography of the counties of Bedfordshire, Buckinghamshire, Cambridgeshire, Huntingdonshire, Norfolk, Oxfordshire, and Suffolk : comprising classi online

. (page 95 of 131)
Online LibraryI. (Isaac) SlaterSlater's royal national and commercial directory and topography of the counties of Bedfordshire, Buckinghamshire, Cambridgeshire, Huntingdonshire, Norfolk, Oxfordshire, and Suffolk : comprising classi → online text (page 95 of 131)
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Bell st
Eight Belli. Robert Wichelow, High st
Featheis, Johnl'hos. IMarlow, Market pi
Fox, Joseph IManlev. Bix
Golden Ball, Charles Jones Bix
(irejhound, Alfred Ive, High st
Hope, John Lawrence, Norlhfii-ld end
Kind's Arms. Richard Potter, .Marliet pi
Little H hite Hart, William HickmaD,

B:ink sile
Nas's Head, John Saunders, Nettlebed
Old Blue Bell, William Ball. Duke st
Old White Horse Jeiinh. Heath, West hill
Oxiord Arms. Thomas Marshall, Bell st
Parkhorse, Edw.Freeljody, Northfield end
Red Cross,Thoinas Marks, Northfield end
Red Cross, Daniel Reeves, Thames side
Red Lion, Ellas Gardner, Netllehcd
Royal Oak, William Tiirker. Gray's lane
■Ship, Benjamin Allum, Thames side
Swan, Arthur Eaton, Market place
Three Hors? Shoee,J.>hn Wheeler, Dukest
Three Tuns, CharlesLovell, Market place
Two Brewers, Ann Quiiiey, Remenham
Union, Frederick Leaver, Hart st
Wheatshcaf, Matthew Ball, Duke st
White Hart. Henry Giles, Nettlebed
White Horse anj Slar, John Drewett,

Northfield end

Retailers of Beer.

Adams Ann, Duke st
BMckall Edward, HiRh st
Blackall Kirhard, West hill
Butler Edmund, Gray') lane



Retailers of neev-Continued.
Ca»ev Jolin.Hart >t
Chase Rebecca, \\ est hill
1 1. menu Thomas, West liill
Cobb William. Bell st
fox Richard, Hart st
Dobson James, New st
Oiinii Geoige, Nnrlhfleld end
Gi>s CliarlVs. Friday st
finmm John, Norlhtield end
Goodall l.avancy, Nettlebed
Grubh James, West hill
Hemming Sarah, Nortlifield end
Hilchcock John, Northficld end
House Henry, New st
Lambourn Henry, Gray's hill
IMalpass Mary, Hart st
Norris Frincis, Gray's lane
Phebey Charles, Friday st
Phillips William, Nettlebed
Prior Dorothy , Dnke st
Richards Abraham, Gray's lane
Riggs Thomas Beckett, Bell st
Saunders Solomon, Nettli-bey
Spralley Mary, Northfield end
Strange William, New town
Thomson Gi'orge, Market place
Tranter Thomas, New town
Usher Thomas, Gravel bill
While William, Hart st
Wilder James, Friday st
Wilder William, Gray's lane

Phillips Stephen, Nettlebed
Scott Richard (atid building mate-

iial>), Be'il st
Webh llobeit & Son, Thames side
Wherler James, Tliaiiies side
Willis Ralpli, Nettlebed

Bowiinii Thomas, Bell st
Wellett Thomas, Hart st


Coster Chailcj, Hart st

Dance Joseph, Hell st

Grayson William (and church and

turret clock), IJellst
Hewer Thomas, Bell st
Palmer Charles Rand, Bell st


Webb Robert & Son, Thames side
Wheeler James, Thames side


Gardner Elias, Nettlebed
Harris Mary Aiiti, Norlhtield end
Phillips Stephen, Nettlebed
Wcstbroi.k Samoel, Rcmenhaiu
Willis Kalph, Netilebed


Hickman (S:Kiiich(s|)iritj ,Maikel pi

lie Alfred, Market jilace

Towsey Chailcs Augustus (and ale
and porter), Bell si


Arnndel John, nmbiella maker,New town

Carter John, house a?ent, Ball st

Coates Robert, relieving officer and regis-
trar of births and deaths. Market place

Collins George, inland revenue otliccr


Cook Maria, marine store dealer, High st i
Dixon Robert, coach proprietor. Hart st
Gas Works, Gray's lane — Edward

Johnson, secretary
Harding John, parish clerk, Gray's hill
Hart Thomas, gun maker. Marketplace
Hickman Wm, barge masler.Thames side
Hiissey Richard, glover, Bell st
Inland Revenue OFPicE.at the Cathe-
rine wheel— Edward Waldron White-
he«d, supervisor
JefTeris Mary, tanner, Friday st
Johnson Edw, boat builder, Thames side
Lane Ricbard.chair maker. Northlield end
Leaver Frederick, furniture bmker,
Hartst [dayst

Leaver Henry ,patten and clog maker,Fri-
Leaver William, parish clerk. Hart st
Rlaisluill Thomas,palten and clog maker,
Bellst [New st

Mercer N"icholas,superintendcnt registrar
Moss John, machine maker and mill-
wright, Northlield end
News Room, Thames side — Charles
Kinch, and Frederick Tagg, secretaries
Palmer George, inland revenue officer.

New st
Phillips Timothy, parish clerk, Nettlebed
Potijoy Jemima, stationer. Bell «t
Russen Henry, dyer, Hart st [end

Shaw Mary Ann, stone mason, Northfield
Shelton George, silk throwster, New st
Society fob Promoting Christian
Knowledge, Bell st— George Paulin,
Stamp Office, Market place— Charles

Kinch, distributer
Streater Henry William, landscape pain-
ter, Bel st [keeper
Town Hall, Market place— Wm.Tanner
Wallace' James, inland revenue ofiicer,

Albion place
Whitehead Edward Waldron, supervisor
ol inland revenue, Albion place



— OFFICE, High St
Judge- John Billingsley Parry, Esq.
Clerk — James Nash
Bai/i/f— William Hanslow



Saint Mary's Church, Henley — Rev.
James King, reclor ; Rev. Francis
Jenks Burlton, Ri-v. John Backliam,
and the Rev.Wm. Clias. Dudley.cinafM

Saint Bartholo.mew's Church, Net-
tlebed— Rev. James Hazel, incumbent

Saint Nicholas', Reinenham — Uev.
Brisco Owen, incumbent

Trinity Church, Gray's bill— Rev.
Wm. Philip {^incVne-^ . perpetual curate

BaPtistChapel, Nettlebed [end

Friends' Meeting House, Northfield

Independent Chapel, Duke st— Rev.
James Rowland [bed



Workhouse, West hill.
G.iDcrHoi— Samuel Mortlock
/l7a/ron— Ann Mortlock
.SVAoo/inos/f/ - Joseph Roby Wood
Sclio'jlmislress -Susajinali Durableton
.S'i;?-9f«M— James Henry Brooks
Chaplain— Hew. William Charles Dudley
Cleik tu the Board of Guardians— Nicho-
las Mercer
Rrlieviny Officers —Rohext Coates, /or
Henleii; George Dixon, _/or Sniticnmbe;
Jiibn Baddeley, for Caversham ; Thos.
Nightingnle,l(ir iheWullinglnit districts


To LONDON, Dixon's Cuach from the
Bell Tap, calling at the Red Liou,eTery
morning at nine

a Coach from the White Hart, every
Tuesday and Friday morning at nine

To READING, a Coaih from nhe White
day and Saturday niorning at nine ; and
Edis Ely's Van for passenjiers and
goods from the ThreeTnns, every alter,
noon (Sunday excepted) at four

ToTWYFORD, the Tram Coach from
the Bell Tap, calling at the Red Lion,
every morning at eight and quarter
before one noon


Station, at TwYFORD, five miles from

There are regular conveyances to the
station as above noticed


To LONDON, William Ward, from the

White Hart.and (ieorge Thomson,from

his house,every Monday and Thursday,

and Henry Palmer, on Thursday

To ABINGDON, Thomas Cooke, from

his house, West hill, every Monday
To BENSINGTON, John Bond Archer,
from the Bull, Thursday, and H„nry
P.ilmer, Saturday
To HIGH WYCOMBE, James Farley,
from the Packhorse, Tuesday & Friday
To OXFORD, John Bond Archer, from
the Bull, and Joseph Bond, from thB
Bear, every Thursday
Wicks, from the Bear, daily (Thursday
and Sunday excepted), and James
Farley, (roni the Packhorse, Monday,
Wednesday, Thursday and Saturday
To WALLINGFORD, James Gibbons
I from the Bull, Monday and Thursday,
and John Higgins, fiom the Bear,Tues-
I day and Thursday
I To WATLINGTON, John Bracey, from
I the Bull, 'I'bursday
i To WARGRAVE, — Franklin, from the
i the Broad Gates, Tuesday, Thursday
and Saturday



j READING, MARLOW, SccfroinRobf.

1 Webb Ik Son's and James Wheeler's

1 wliarf, once a fortnight; and Heid &

' Cox (from Reading), pass Henley,

I delivering; and loading at the Thames

' side, almost daily


Oxford.— This heaiitiful city, the Sec ()f a l>islio|>,
possessing Sfpaiate iurisdiution, is locally in the hun-
dred of Wooitoii ; ,=)4 miles n. N. w. from London [Chi
bv railj, delii.'litfiilly situated on a Keiitle eminence,
ri'sing from ainiil>t verd.mt iiieidows The Tliames,
rouniliiiK ilu- >\vtli;ini hills, which form the iim ihei ii
extremity of licik^^hire, lloww in a southei ly diieclioi

illustrious Kinf? .Alfred was born at Wantage, and tra-
dition tn^kes him to have resided here with his three
sons, and lo havf founded three schools for i)liiloso|ihy,
Riainmar and divinity : it is, however, .oiipposed to have
tven a seminal y of leiirninn even piior to the time of
Alfred, altliouuli his exertions renovated its institu-
tions, and augmented itscon^etiuence ; and it certainly

1 _ . r .1.. . .. . t .. VI : ..:.^.. A» a

> "If"^ *- -1 "" 7 . -

towai.ls O-ifrud ; the Cheiwell,HowinKfnnu tin- north, | was a place of .study at the Norman iiivasioii At a
and pav'.ini; henenth the i;ioves of Magdalen Coll.g,', rrn.ote oeiiod it was a city, well l.-itihed with walls,
at the eastern en'raniui till- Isis aic formed hv the citv walls, which, with sever.tl bastion',

ernmeoiis conclusion that iheThaines and the Isis are
two livers; they are, however, identical. The history
of this justlv famed University is involved in niuch oh-
scuritv— an iucoiitei>tiblc|iroof of itsgteai antiquity. The


formed by the city walls, which, with .sever.tl bastion',
may there be seen in a t^ood stale of preservation. It is
renowned as a seat of royalty and of erudiiion, ^a"? ;
of our monarcbs having for a time resided here, and




suinmonert hither their parliaments. On the western
side of tiie town, there were a few years since, some
remains of a palace erected by Henry I. ; in this paiice
was burn iVuhard, Nuriiamed ' Coeur de Lion.' Tlie
western extremity of a new street called lieaniont-
sti'eet, after tiie palnce, now stands upon its site.

Iiicloding its suburbs, Oxford is more tiian a mile in
length fiom east to west, and as much in breadth from
north to south. Tiie principal streets from, intersect-
ing each other at liijht angles, are remaikably gratid,
being adoined by the fronts of many eieaant colleges
and handsome house-i ; and are clean, well paved, and
brilliantly lielited with gns. An air of mona-tic opu-
lence pervades the whole city, and the geneial effect
is considerably heightene'l by the spacious and beauti-
ful appioach over its fine bridge. The Hiuii-stieet is
one of thenio^t nohle streets in Europe, presenting, in
pleasing succession, from its great length and easy cur-
vature, many of the stately and veneiable public "edifi-
ces for wliicli Oxford is so peculiarly distinguished.
To give a lengthened description of the various
churches, colleges, halls aad other public public build-
ings which, in every quaitei of tliis interesting city,
attract the admiration of the stranger, would not ac-
cord with tiie plan of this work ; we can only notice
those that particularly claim distinctii>n.

University College is situated on the south side
of the High-street ; it is supposed to have been foun-
ded by Alfred theGieat, in 872 — thonnh some author-
ities a-cribe its foundation to William of Durham,
wiio died in 1249 : its magnificent front extends full
two hundred and fif;y feet; the hall and chapel form
the south part of tiie building, which comprises two
courts, and contains someexcellentspecimens of sculp-
ture and paintine; among the former, an elegant mo
nuinentto Sir VV. Jones, the eminent oriental scholar,
and a medallion of Alfred. Baliol College was
founded about 1263 bv Sir John lialiol, father to the
King of Scotland of that name ; it consi>ts of one spa-
cious court, to which several new and elegant erectinus
have been attached : in the libiary of this college area
few raie and curious manuscripts. Two particular facts
give a special interest to this college. VVycliffe, appropri-
ately called 'the .Morning Starof the Reformation,' was,
for some time, its master, and there is a very characte-
ristic portrait of him in the hall of the college : and
immediately in front of Baliol the fires were kindled,
by which the martyrs were consumed, in the reign ot
Queen Mary. Merton College, situated on the south
Bide o
nionumeuts to liodley and Saville. Exeter College,
founded in 1314 hy Walter Stapledon, Lord Treasurer
of England and Bishop of Exeter, stands in theTurl,
and consists of a spacious and handsome quadrangle,
the gateway leading to whicli is surmounted by a
tower. Oriel College was founded in 1326, hy
license of Edward If. to his almoner, Adam de
Brone: the buildings consist of a capacious quad-
rangle ; and a neat libiary having been added to two
lateial ranges f)f buildings on the north side, com-
pletes a second quadrangle, in which was formerly the
garden. The entrance to tiie principal quadrangle
from the street is through a tower gateway. Quee.n's
College, situated opposite to Llniversity College, is
an elegant and wiagnificeut structure, occupying a space
of three hundred feet iu length, and two hundied and
twenty in breadth; and compiises two handsome
courts, divided by the iiall and chapel. This college
was originally founded in 1340, by Robert Egglesfield,
confessor to Queen Phillippa, in honour of whom the
founder adopted its name. New College, situated
on the north-east side of the last mentioned, was
founded in 1,379 (or 1386) by William of Wykeham, a
native of Hampshire; the interior of tiie chapel is
much admired for its lieauty. The garden has an ad-
ditional interest from the fine remains of the city walls,
whidi form its boundary. The Wykeham motto, in
gold Utters over the garden gate, arrests attention, —

'Manners makyeih the m^n.' Lincoln College»
con.sisting of two quadrangles,stand> betwixt AllSaints*
church and Exeter college; h was founded in 1427 bv
Richard Fleming (a native of Yorkshire), Bi>hop of
Lincoln, from which See it takes its name. It was
this bishop who caused the remains of J(din VVydiflfe
to be disinterred, and cast into the brook near the
pltce of his burial. Jnhn Weslev was some time
Fellow of this college. All Souls' Collegk, situ-
ated in tlie Hith-street, a little to the we-t of Queen's
Col'ege, was founded by Henry Chichele, a native of
Northamptonshire, and an Arclihishop of Canterbury,
in the year 1437; an excellent library of books and
manuscripts belougs to this establishment, and the
chapel is an interesting edifice. Contrary to the ex-
press intentions of the founder, this college has come
to lie an aca'lemical institution, and its members rarely
reside in Oxford. Magdalene College is situated
at the east entrance of ihe town, and is the first object
that attracts attention when entering from tiie Londou
side; it was f,mnded by William of VVaynfleet, Bishop
of Winchester, in 1456. The eleaance of the chapel,
with its beautiful stained glass windows, is geiiernlly
extolled. Among tlie members of this collcKe have
been tliree men of great eminence, but of widely
different characteristics — Wolsey, Hampileii and Ad-
dison. Brazennose College forms the west side of
the Raddifle-squaie, and comprises two neat ci urts,
founded in 1509, by Richard Smith, Bishop of Lincoln,
and Sir Richard Sutton, of Prestbuiy, in Cheshire. It
is said to derive its name from the circumstance of an
iron ring, fixed in a nose of brass, being knocker to a
gate of one of the original halls. Corpus Christi Col-
lege is composed ot one handsome quadrangle, to
which are attached some elegant modern erections ; it
is situated at the back gate of Christ church, and was
founded in 1516, by Richard Fox, Bishop of Exeter,
Bath, Wells, Dui ham, andVVincliester,anri lord privy seal
during the reigns of Henry VI!. and VIII. In the
ciiapel is a very fine altar-piece of the ' Adoration,' by
Rubens. Christ Church College consists offour
laige squares: the cathedral is a venerable pile of
architecture ; the tower, above the western or urand
entrance, contains the bell called 'Great Tom,' the
weieht of which is seventeen thousand five hundred
pounds. This college was originally founded by tlie
celebrated Caidinal Wolsey, in 1525. Trinity Col-
lege, originally founded and endowed by Edward
HI.; St. John's College, founded by Sii Thomas
White; JesusCollege, founded by Queen Elizabeth;
Wadham, by Nicholas Wadliam ; Pembroke, by
Thomas Tesdale; and Worcester, by Sir Thomas
Cookes — are all noble structures: the dates of thdr
foundation ajipear in the appended list. Besides these
college*, there are five halls, iiamelv, Saint Alban's,
Saint Edmund's, Saint Mary's, New lim, and Magda-
lene — each of wiiicli have similar privileges, ancl are
go\erned by the same rules. A new and elegant struc-
ture, called the Taylor Buildings and Randolph Gallery,
has recently been erected, with a front towards Beau-
mont-street, and a fine eastern elevation towards the
beautiful suburb of Saint Giles. It is a whole made
up of three harmonious parts, in the Italian or Pala-
dial style, ; it is the product of the architectural skill
of Mr. Cockerill, and one of the most stiikiiig orna-
ments of Oxford. The object of Sir R.Taylor, tlie foun-
der, was to promote the study of modern languanes in
Oxford, and should the nobility, or any of the separate
colleges, afford encouiagement to this course of study,
theiiisiituiion will |)rove of great value. The Randolph
Gallery contains the wliole of the medals of the late
Sir J. Chantrey, which were presented lo (he Univer-
sity bv his widow.

Oxfrd was erected into a See by Henry VIII. who
appointed the conventual chapel of the abbey of Saint
Frideswide the cathedral church : it is a capaciims
cruciform structure, in the Norman or early English
style of architecture, with a central tower, surmounted
by a spire. The exterior is conci aled by t he college build-
ings, with which it is surrounded. The interior con-
tains many interesting, beantiful and sitigular speci-
mens of sculpture and aichitecture ; together with
numerous ancient and cuiious monuments, shrines,
canopied stalls, and chapels. Many of the windows
were demolished during the civil war; iu those that





were spared tliere are some devices in stained glass—
the east window, particularly, lias a fine representation
of tlie ' Nativity.' There are no fewer than fourteen
cliurches ; of these tiie nio«t deservirii; notice are Saint
Mary's, Ail Snints', Saint Peter's and Saint Martin's.
The north end ot the first-named has heen lately taken
down, for the piirfiose of constructing an aisle, to be
called the 'Martyrs' Ai>lc;' and at the extremity of
the churchyai d, towards Saint Jtdin's college, has been
erected a memorial to commemorate the suffeiinns of
Craunier, Iliilley and Latimer, in 1555 and 1556: the
style of the mounment i> that of the decorated gothic,
and is a reproduction of the beautiful and highly deco-
rated ciossesof the best period ofiiothic archiiectuie.
In richlv decorated and canoi)ied niches are s'atnes of
the ni iitvrs, by Wcekes. Tiie firj-t stone was laid on
the 19th of .May, 1841. Saint iMary's is designated th''
University ehuich, from heinu the temple of worship
for the vice-chancellor, the heads of the Univ

Online LibraryI. (Isaac) SlaterSlater's royal national and commercial directory and topography of the counties of Bedfordshire, Buckinghamshire, Cambridgeshire, Huntingdonshire, Norfolk, Oxfordshire, and Suffolk : comprising classi → online text (page 95 of 131)