Ill.) Successful Americans (Firm : Chicago.

Distinguished successful Americans of our day; containing biographies of prominent Americans now living online

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has more reason to be proud than of the sturdy and thrifty
Teutonic race, who have done much to build up her
present prosperity. Jacob Hammer, the father of the
subject of this sketch, was a saddler and harnessmaker in
Germany, in moderate circumstances. He came to this
country in 1849, settling at St. Paul in 1856. Frederick
O. was born at St. Paul August 11, 1865. He had only
the benefit of a common school education in the public
schools of St. Paul, and later a course at a commercial
college. He started in business early in life as register
clerk in the postoffice at St.Paul, and later he entered the
insurance business, and was for six years the assistant
secretary of the Hail and Storm Insurance company of
Minnesota. He then became attached successively to the
Capitol Building society, the Minnesota Savings and
Building association, acting in the capacity of secretary
of all three concerns. In 1881 he became associated with
Congressman A. R. Kiefer and has been ever since di
rectly and indirectly connected with him in various insti
tutions and enterprises. Mr. Hammer also has charge of
a number of estates, having nearly half a million dollars
under his care. He is now secretary and Treasurer of
the Paragon Consolidated Mining company, mines lo
cated in Idaho, which gives promise of being one of the
great silver and lead mines of the west adding another
enterprise of his long list of success. Mr. Hammer is a
Republican in politics and a member of the St. Paul as
sociation of commerce, Junior Pioneer association, of
Ramsey county, Minn. ; St. Paul Lodge No. 3, A. F. and
A. M.; Summit Chapter, No. 45, R. A. M.; Damascus
Commons, No. i. K. T. ; Minnesota Consistory, A. and A.
S. Rite, No. i ; Osman Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S., and
Okodo Lodge No. 9, K. of P. He was married July 27,
1911, to Clara Hansen of W. St. Paul, Minn.



SUCCESSFUL AMERICANS 505

RUSSELL H. CONWELL, D.D., L.L.D.,

Clergyman and Lecturer, \

Was born February 15, 1842, at Worthington, Hampshire
county, Mass., and spent his early years on a small farm
in the most sterile and mountainous portion of that region.
He kept along with his classes in the district school by
studying in the evenings, as he was compelled much of the
time to engage in manual labor during school hours. By
hard work and rigid economy he earned enough money
to pay for his food, clothing and tuition while attending an
academy at Wilbraham, Mass., and in 1860 entered upon
the law course at Yale college. To save time and expense,
he employed a private tutor to instruct him in the aca
demic course. But the war of the rebellion interrupted
his studies in 1862, and took him to the field as captain of
infantry. He afterward served as a staff officer in the
artillery service. At the close of the war he graduated
from the Albany university and went to Minnesota. He
began the practice of law there, having completed his
legal course by private study while in the army. In 1867
he represented the state of Minnesota as its emigration
agent to Germany. In 1868 he was engaged as foreign
correspondent to the New York Tribune," and the year
following as the traveling correspondent of the Boston
"Traveller," and in 1870 was sent by these two journals
to different countries of Asia, and made the entire circuit
of the globe. He is a writer of singular brilliancy and
power. In 1870 he published his first book, "Why and
How the Chinese Emigrate." It has been followed by
many others of a historical and biographical character,
including the life of Spurgeon and "Acres of Diamonds."
He was the friend and traveling companion of Bayard
Taylor, and his biography of that poet and traveler had
an extensive sale. After practicing law for a time in
Boston he was ordained to the ministry in 1879, and in
1881 became pastor of Grace Baptist church in Philadel-



506 SUCCESSFUL AMERICANS

phia. The church at once entered upon a career of great
prosperity. His eloquence, his marvelous descriptive
powers, his great earnestness and devotion to the interests
of his people, rapidly increased the membership of the
church and his influence in Philadelphia. The church
from a mission increased to the largest Baptist church in
America. In 1891 the temple was completed on North
Broad street, with a seating capacity of 4,000 people. In
1888 Dr. Conwell founded Temple college, now the Tem
ple university, with two large hospitals and 3,800 stu
dents. Dr. Conwell has been remarkably successful as a
public lecturer ever since 1860. His "Silver Crown; or,
Born a King," "Acres of Diamonds," "Lessons of Travel,"
"Heroism of a Private Life," are models of lyceum lec
tures, and have given him a national reputation as a plat
form orator. They are unique and are filled with good
sense, brilliant with new suggestions, and always inspire
his hearers to noble life and deeds. Dr. Conwell has kept
in touch with the spirit of church extension, and his in
fluence is felt outside his own congregation.

JOHN ELSNER,

Physician and Scientist of Denver, Col.,
Was born in 1845, in Vienna, Austria. In 1866 he gradu
ated from the Bellevue Hospital Medical college of New
York city. He is known as the father of the county hospi
tal; and of the state, city and county medical societies.
He was professor of the theory and practice of medicine
and clinical medicine at the Gross Medical College of
Denver. He is a member of the American Medical
association, the American Public Health association, the
Microscopical association, the Rocky Mountain Medical
association and the International Medical congress. He
is an honorary member of the California State Medical
society, Colorado State Medical society and of the Denver
and Arapahoe Medical society.



SUCCESSFUL AMERICANS 507

CHARLES RANLETT FLINT,

International Merchant, Banker;

Born Thomaston, Maine, Jan. 24, 1850; son of Benjamin
and Sarah (Tobev) Flint; graduated from Brooklyn Po
lytechnic Institute, 1868; married 1883, E. Kate Simmons
of Troy, N. Y. Entered employ of William R. Grace in
1869; joined in establishing the firms of Gilchrist, Flint
and company, ship chandlers, 1871, W. R. Grace and
company, 1872 J. W. Grace Co. and Grace Brothers and
company of Peru, 1876, and in those connections gained
a prominent place in the trade of the United States with
Chile, Peru, Brazil and all of Latin America. Was
Chilean consul in N. Y. City, 1877 1879; and in the
absence of the charge d affaires attended to the business
of the Chilian legation; and after that consul-general of
Costa Rica and Nicaragua to the United States. In 1885
became a member of the firm of Flint and company,
merchants and ship owners, which under the firm name of
Chapman and Flint had been established by his father
and uncle, in 1837. I n !88o he became the president of
the U. S. Electric Light company, of which Farmer
Maxim and Weston were the electricians, and was the
first man in the city of New York to use the incandescent
light. Was U.S. Delegate to the International American
conference in Washington, 1889 1890; and formulated
reports and resolutions providing for the establishment
of an International American bank and the Bureau of
American republics, and negotiated the first United States
reciprocity treaty, viz. : with Brazil. As agent for presi
dent Peixotto, 1 893, purchased and fitted out the Dynamite
fleet which prevented the secession of the Northern pro
vinces of Brazil and the overthrow of the Brazilian re
public by the monarchists. Purchased 1895 trie cruiser
Esmeralda from Chile and delivered it to Japan during
the China-Japan war; rendered valuable service to the
U. S. Government during the war with Spain; during the



508 SUCCESSFUL AMERICANS

Russo-Japanese war received the letters of credit of the
Rothschilds for $30,000,000 for account of the Russian
government, visited Turkey and conducted negotiations
with other governments in the interest of Russia. During
the past eighteen years his chief work has been the or
ganizing of industrial consolidations; consolidated the
street railways of Syracuse, N. Y., 1897, an d organized
1892 1910 the American Chicle Co., Sloss-ShefTield
Iron and Steel company, Somerset Coal company, U.S.
Bobbin and Shuttle company, Fairmont Coal company,
Computing Scale company, International Time Record
ing company, Rubber Goods Manufacturing company,
American Caramel company, American-Hawaiian Steam-
ship company, National Starch company, Clarksburg
Fuel company, U.S. Rubber company, American Woolen
company, Mechanical Rubber company, Manaos Tram
way company, Sen-Sen Chiclet company and others, and
during 1911 the Autosales Gum and Chocolate company
and the Computing-Tabulating-Recording company,
thus consolidated one hundred and eighty companies in
corporations having an outstanding capitalization of over
$300,000,000. Clubs: Metropolitan, Union, Century as
sociation, New York Yacht, Southside, Ardsley, Oakland
Golf and Wyandanch.

ALECK BOARMAN,

Judge United States Court of Louisiana,
Was born December 10, 1839, in Yazoo City, Miss. Edu
cated at military college, Frankfort, Ky. ; served in Vir
ginia as an officer in Confederate army from Manassas to
Appomatox. He began to practice law at Shreveport
in 1866; was elected to 42nd Congress 1872; in 1876
elected judge of state district court. Since 1881 has been
judge of United States court for western district of Loui
siana; resides at Shreveport, La.



SUCCESSFUL AMERICANS 509

GEORGE EMANUEL BISSONNET,

Auditor,

Arizona Eastern Railroad company, Sonora Railway,
Southern Pacific Railroad company of Mexico, Southern
Pacific Navigation company of Mexico, East Coast Oil
company and Sunset Development company. Office,
Tucson, Ariz. Born November 5, 1869, at Houston,
Harris county, Texas. Educated in public and private
schools; entered railway service August i, 1889, as trans
fer clerk Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe Railway at Hous
ton, Tex., since which he has been consecutively to April,
1893, various clerical positions, same office; May and
June, 1893, out of service; July, 1893 to January, 1894,
out of service; October, 1894 to April, 1895, clerk local
freight office Houston, East and West Texas Railway at
Houston; May, 1895, to June, 1899, traveling auditor
same road, in charge of station accounts; July, 1899, to
July, 1903, chief clerk ticket accounts Galveston, Harris-
burg and San Antonio Railway,Texas and New Orleans
Road and Galveston, Houston and Northern Railway
at Houston; August, 1903, to October, 1905, auditor pas
senger accounts same roads; November, 1905, to March,
1910, auditor passenger accounts; April, 1910 to August,
1910, auditor of disbursements, Southern Pacific com
pany at San Francisco, Cal.; September, 1910, to date,
auditor Arizona Eastern Railroad company, Sonora Rail
way, Southern Pacific Railroad company of Mexico,
Southern Pacific Navigation company of Mexico, East
Coast Oil company and Sunset Development company.

MICHAEL McNALLEY,

Physician and Surgeon of Michigan Valley, Kansas,
Was born May 8, 1847, in Lockport, 111. He is medical
examiner for the Travelers Life Insurance company of
Hartford; and is a member of the leading American med
ical and scientific societies.



510 SUCCESSFUL AMERICANS

FRANK MELVILLE JOYCE,

Insurance Manager,

Was born at Covington, Indiana, March 18, 1862. His
father was Bishop Isaac W. Joyce, one of the most
distinguished of the bishops of the Methodist Episcopal
church. F. M. Joyce s mother was Miss Carrie Bos-
serman, of an old Pennsylvanian Dutch family. Bishop
Joyce was of Irish descent. Colonel Joyce graduated
from Indiana Asbury university, now De Pauw universi
ty. He took the gold medal of his class for mathematics.
He was major of the cadet batalion, and captain of the
famous Asbury Cadets, who won the first national ar
tillery prize at Indianapolis in 1882, over many compet
ing batteries from all over the United States. After
graduation he went to Cincinnati, Ohio, and became
paying teller of the Queen City National Bank. Five
years later he resigned to accept the general agency of the
Provident Life and Trust company, at Cincinnati. He
was associated with that company until 1890 when he
entered the services of the Mutual Benefit Life Insurance
company, of Newark, New Jersey, as district agent at
Cincinnati. Having established himself as a successful
and entirely reliable insurance man, Colonel Joyce, after
five years with the Mutual Benefit, was transferred to
Minneapolis as state agent of that company for Minne
sota and the Dakotas. Colonel Joyce s title is by no means
an honorary one only. He was a commissioned officer of
the Second Battery Ohio National Guard. It was while
in this position, at the time of the famous Court House
riots in Cincinnati in 1884, that he rendered such service
as to receive the special commendation of governor Hoad-
ly. In 1889 Colonel Joyce organized the Avon Rifles
from among the best young men of Avondale, a suburb of
Cincinnati, where he resided. He also had the honor of
being a member of the personal staff of governor McKin-
ley, of Ohio, which position he held until he left the state.



SUCCESSFUL AMERICANS 511

While in Cincinnati, Colonel Joyce was quite promi
nently connected with the musical affairs of the city, and
was president of the Orpheus Club, the leading male
chorus in a city famed for its musical culture, from the
time of its organization until his removal to Minneapolis.
Since coming to Minneapolis he has made a large circle
of friends both in the social and business communities of
the city. He is a member of the Hennepin avenue Meth
odist church, also the Knights of Pythias, various ma
sonic orders and is a thirty-second degree Scottish Rite
Mason. He also has been an honorary member of the
army and navy military service institute. Colonel Joyce
has been actively interested in the automobile game from
its early history. For two years he was president of the
Minneapolis Automobile club. He then organized the
Minnesota State Automobile association and was its pres
ident for two years, when he was made vice-president of
the American Automobile association, the national or
ganization a position which he now holds. He is as
sociated with the leading social clubs being president
of the Interlachen County club and a member of the
Minneapolis club and the Commercial club. He was at
one time president of the Apollo club a well known
male chorus and is now an honorary life member of that
organization. For several years he has been president of
the Northwestern Alumni Association of the Beta Theta
Pi fraternity. He also was president of the Asbury Meth
odist hospital of Minneapolis. On March 2Oth, 1883,
he was married to Miss Jessie F. Birch, daughter of the
late Honorable Jesse Birch, a prominent lawyer of
Bloomington, Illinois. They have four children, Arthur
Reamy, Carolyn, Wilbur Birch, and Helen.



512 SUCCESSFUL AMERICANS

JARED GAGE SMITH,

Agriculturist and botanist,

Was born Sept. 13, 1866, in Springwater, N. Y. He re
ceived the degrees of B. Sc. and A. M. from the uni
versity of Nebraska. In 1888 90 he was assistant agri-
tulturist in the Nebraska argricultural experiment sta
tion at Lincoln. In 1890 92 he traveled in Europe, Au
stralia and Mexico. He has been botanist and director
of botany in the Shaw school of botany and in the Mis
souri botanical gardens in St. Louis, Mo.; and in 1901-
08 was United States Special agent in charge of the
Hawaii agricultural experiment station at Honolulu. He
is now president and manager of the Kona Tobacco com
pany, limited, of Honolulu. He is a member of the Amer
ican association for the advancement of science; and has
written numerous agricultural bulletins and monographs.

GEORGE EDWIN HORR,

Theologian and Author of Newton Center, Mass.,
Was born Jan. 19, 1856, in Boston, Mass. In 1879 he
was ordained to the Baptist ministry. He is president of
The Watchman Publishing company; and in 1891-1903
was editor-in-chief of "The Watchman." Since 1908 he
has been president of the Newton Theological institution.
He is the author of "The Training of the Chosen People"
and "The Great Ministry."

CHARLES BOESCHENSTEIN,

President Public Library of Edwardsville, III.,
Was born Oct. 27, 1864. He is the editor and publisher
of the Edwardsville Intelligencer; and served for two
years as mayor of his city. In 1900 04 he was vice-
chairman of the democratic state committee and was its
chairman in 1904 12. He har been president of the
public library of Edwardsville since its organization.



SUCCESSFUL AMERICANS 513

IRA FRANKLIN MANSFIELD,

Merchant, Farmer and Fruit Grower.
Was born in Poland, Ohio, June 27, 1842; son of Isaac
Kirtland Mansfield and Lois Hall (Morse) Mansfield.
He was educated at Poland College, where his schooling
ended by suspension for violating college rule in attend
ing a dance at William McKinley s, who was afterwards
president of the United States. He married at Poland,
Ohio, December n, 1872, to Lucy E. Mygatt, and they
have three children, Kirtland M., Mary L. and Henry B.
He has one-half interest in Hall Mansfield s brick store,
Poland, Ohio, and one-half interest in George Kirtland &
Mansfield s nurseries and cranberry marshes, Poland,
Ohio; he has operated cannel and bituminous coal mines,
in Cannelton, Pa., since 1865; also has two hundred acres
in apples, pears, peaches and plums at Cannelton, Pa.,
and Negley, Ohio; is operating fire clay mines at Cannel
ton, Pa., and Negley, Ohio, with an output of one hun
dred tons per day. Mr. Mansfield is trustee of Beaver
Valley hospital, New Brighton, Pa.; justice of the peace,
1867-1892, having married 847 couples; a representative
in Pennsylvania legislature for ten years; president of
Beaver College, Beaver, Pa.; and Griersburg academy,
Darlington, Pa.; director of Wabash Railway lines,
Pennsylvania and Ohio; vice-president and director of
First National Bank, Rochester, Pa., and director of
Beaver Valley Electric Company, Brighton, Pa. He is
a 32-degree Mason, and member of the American Philo
sophical society, Philadelphia, and American Association
for the Advancement of Science. Mr. Mansfield s favor
ite recreations are hunting and fishing. He was orderly
sergeant, second and first lieutenant lo^th Ohio volunteer
infantry in Civil War, 1862-2865; also promoted captain
and assistant quartermaster of i4th army corps. In poli
tics he is a republican, and is elder, Sunday school super
intendent and teacher of the Presbyterian church. Mr,



514 SUCCESSFUL AMERICANS

Mansfield has published: "History Fire Clays" (illus
trated) ; "Flora of Beaver County" (illustrated) ; "His
torical Collections"; "Little Beaver Rivers" (illustrat
ed) ; "Fossil Plants of Western Pennsylvania" (illus
trated). He is a member of the Audubon and Botanical
Clubs, and Chancellor of the Robin Hood Club, with
membership of sixty lady school teachers, also Beaver
Photographic club.

ARTHUR ELMORE BOSTWICK,

Librarian St. Louis Public Library,
Was born March 8, 1860, in Litchfield, Conn. He was
educated at the Litchfield institute; and in 1881 gradu
ated from Yale college; and in 1881-84 took a post-grad
uate course, holding the Siliman fellowship in physical
science, and receiving the degree of Ph.D. in 1883. In
1883-84 he was instructor and proctor at Yale university;
and in 1884-86 was teacher of physical science at the
Montclair high school of New Jersey. In 1886-88 he was
on the staff of Appleton s Cyclopedia of American Biog
raphy; in 1890-92 was assistant editor of the Forum; in
1892-94 was associate editor of the Standard Dictionary;
and since 1894 nas been science editor of the Literary Di
gest. In 1895-99 he was librarian of the New York free
circulating library; in 1899-1901 was librarian of the
Brooklyn public library; and in 1901-09 was chief of the
circulating department of the New York public library,
including the charge of the twenty-two branch libraries.
In 1897-99 ne was president of the New York library;
club; and in 1902-03 was president of the New York
state library association, and in 1907-08 was president of
the American Library association. He is the author of
Young Folks Cyclopaedia of Games. Since 1909 he has
been librarian of the St. Louis public library and is also
president of the Missouri library association.



SUCCESSFUL AMERICANS 515

CHARLES W. McCURDY,

Osteopathic Physician,

Was born in Ossian, Livingston, N.Y., November 26,
1856; son of David McCurdy and Lydia (Lemen) Mc-
Curdy, a descendant of an officer in the Revolutionary
War, Major William Slough Lemen. He received his
education in Geneseo (N.Y.) state normal school; was
graduated from the Michigan state college as B.S. in
1881 and M.S. in 1885, from the university of Wooster
as A.M. in 1894 and Ph.D. in 1891;; received the degree
of Sc.D. (honoris causa) from Milton college in 1892.
He was graduated with the degree of D.O. (Doctor of
Osteopathy) by the Philadelphia College of Osteopathy
in 1893. Dr. McCurdy married in Winona, Minn.,
August 16, 1893, Eva A. Woodruff, whose great uncle
was president of Oberlin college, Ohio, and they have two
children: Gretchen, born in 1894, and Marion, born in
1896. He was head of the Department of Science at the
high school in Winona, Minn., from 1888 to 1893; pro
fessor of chemistrv at the university of Idaho and state
chemist of Idaho from 1893 to 1900; and has been pro
fessor of phvsics, chemistrv and therapeutics, lecturer on
dietetics and hvgiene, and late dean and president of fac
ulty at the College of Osteopathy, Philadelphia, 1900-
1907. He was acting president of the university of Idaho
and director of the experiment station in 1898; special
agent of the United States sugar beet investigations in
Idaho in 1898 and 1899; secretary and member of the
board of trustees and dean of Philadelphia college and
infirmary of Osteopathy. He was editor of the Philadel
phia Journal of Osteopathy. He has made investigations,
lectured, and written papers on soils of Idaho, sugar beets
in Idaho, therapeutics, hygiene and dietetics and miscel
laneous, science and historical subjects. He was president
of a division association of the Twenty-seventh Ward of
Philadelphia in 1905 and 1906. In politics he is a repub-



516 SUCCESSFUL AMERICANS

lican, and in religion a Presbyterian. He is a member of
the American Chemical society, fellow of the American
Association for the Advancement of Science; fellow of
Research society; member of the American Osteopathic
association, and vice-president of the Pennsylvania Osteo
pathic association and the Masonic and Delta Tau Delta
fraternities.

JOHN CALDWELL CALHOUN,

Financeer of New York City,

Was born July 9, 1843, near Demopolis, Md. He was
educated at Thaliau Academy near Pendleton, S.C. ; en
tered the South Carolina College in 1863, but left to en
ter in the Confederate States army, served trough the war
and atained the rank of captain. He then became a
planter in Alabama, Mississippi and Arkansas, and watf
a delegate to the Cotton expositions of Louisville and
New Orleans. He is president of Baltimore Coal Min
ing and Railroad company and other corporations. In
1897 he was special ambassador to France for the Sons
of the American Revolution.

K. M. VAN ZANDT,

President of the Fort Worth National Bank of Texas,
Was born November 7, 1836, in Franklin county, Tenn.
He served in the Confederate army during the Civil War
and attained the rank of major. He is prominently iden
tified with the business and public affairs of Texas; has
rilled numerous public positions of trust and honor; and
is now president of the Fort Worth National bank.



SUCCESSFUL AMEEICANS 517

REUBEN WEBSTER MILLSAPS,

Banker of Jackson, Miss.

Was born May 30, 1833, in Copiah county, Miss. The
parent stock originated in Ireland and Wales, while his
parents, natives of Georgia, were early settlers in Missis
sippi. Reuben began life in the work of a farm and in
attendance at the public schools, going to Hanover college
in Indiana at the age of seventeen. After two years there,
he attended Asbury (now De Pauw) university at Green-
castle, Ind., and graduated in 1854. Returning to the
South, he taught school two years and then studied law
at Harvard, graduating in 1858. Legal practice in Pine
Bluff, Ark., occupied him until the outbreak of the Civil
War, when he entered the Confederate army as a private,
rising during four years of service to be lieutenant colonel,
and being wounded at Shiloh and Nashville. Then-
illustrating the vigor and spirit of the new South Colo



Online LibraryIll.) Successful Americans (Firm : ChicagoDistinguished successful Americans of our day; containing biographies of prominent Americans now living → online text (page 36 of 45)