Ill.) Successful Americans (Firm : Chicago.

Distinguished successful Americans of our day; containing biographies of prominent Americans now living online

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York; December, 1885, to January, 1890, general freight
and passenger agent Elmira, Cortland and Northern rail
road; January, 1890, to April, 1892, general freight agent
New York and New England Railroad; April, 1892, to
March, 1893, first assistant general freight agent Phila
delphia and Reading railroad and Lehigh Valley rail
road at Philadelphia; March, 1893, to September, 1895,
general traffic manager New York and New England
railroad and Norwich and New York Transportation
company; September i, 1895, to November, 1895 general
traffic manager New England railroad, successor to the



SUCCESSFUL AMERICANS 531

New York and New England railroad; March, 1896, to
October i, 1897, general traffic manager Baltimore and
Ohio Southwestern railroad; Octoben, 1897, to October
4, 1899, member board of managers Joint Traffic associa
tion for Baltimore and Ohio lines; April i, 1899,, to J une
24, 1903, president Staten Island railway and general
agent Baltimore and Ohio and Baltimore and Ohio
Southwestern railroads; June 24, 1903, to January 13,
1904, vice-president Staten Island Rapid Transit railway,
general manager Rapid Transit Ferry company, and gen
eral superintendent New York division Baltimore and
Ohio railroad; January 13, 1904, to date, first vice-presi
dent Baltimore and Ohio railroad system.

ALEXANDER DOUGALL BLACKADER,

Physician and Scientist,

Was born June 19, 1847, in Montreal, Canada. He was
educated at the McGill university; and is a graduate in
arts and medicine, with honors in natural science. He
also attended Saint Thomas hospital of London, Eng
land. Since 1881 he has been a lecturer on the diseases
of children, and since 1891 has been professor of pharma
cology and therapeutics at McGill university. He is also
physician to the Montreal General hospital; is senior
physician to the Children s Memorial hospital; and still
practices medicine in Montreal, Canada.

CHARLES HENRI LEONARD,

Physician and Author of Detroit, Mich.,
Was born March 28, 1850, in Akron, Ohio. For thirty
years he has been professor of gynaecology in the Detroit
College of Medicine. He has been president of the De
troit College of Medicine. He has been president of the
Detroit Public Library Commission; and president of the
Wayne County Medical society. He is the author of
several medical works; and still practices his profession
in Detroit, Mich.



532 SUCCESSFUL AMERICANS

ANTON ADOLPH RAVEN,

Insurance President,

Was born September 30, 1833, in Curacao, Dutch West
Indies, son of John and Nelly (Hutchings) Raven. His
father, a native of Curacao, was a merchant, and his
mother was a descendant of an old American family who
settled in the West Indies. His elementary education
was received in a school at St. Thomas. Removing to
New York city in 1851, he became associated in a clerical
capacity with the Atlantic Mutual Insurance company;
he was made corresponding clerk in 1854, underwriter
in 1865, fourth vice-president in 1875, second vice-presi
dent in 1886, vice-president in 1895, and president of the
company in 1897, a position he still occupies. The At
lantic Mutual Insurance company was chartered in 1842,
and insures against marine and inland transportation
risks. During its period of existence the company has
insured property to the value of $23,353,407,439. The
officers are: A. A. Raven, president; Cornelius Eldert,
vice-president ;Walter Wood Parsons, second vice-presi
dent; John H. Jones Stewart, fourth vice-president, and
G. Stanton Floyd-Jones, secretary. Mr. Raven is presi
dent board of marine underwriters; president of Ameri
can bureau of shippers; also vice-president and trustee
of the Metropolitan Trust company; a trustee of the At
lantic Safe Deposit company, and the Seamen s Bank for
Savings; and is a director of the Fidelity and Casualtiy
company, the Home Life Insurance company, the Bank
of New York, and also a member of the chamber of com
merce; chairman of committee on insurance in chamber
of commerce. In 1902 he delivered a lecture at Yale
university upon marine insurance. He was one of the
organizers of the 22nd New York regiment during the
civil war. Mr. Raven is not a clubman, but belongs to
the Montauk and Hamilton clubs, and is a life member
and one of the vice-presidents of the American Geograph-



SUCCESSFUL AMERICANS 533

ical society, and vice-president of the Brooklyn Associa
tion for Improving Condition of the Poor. He was mar
ried in June, 1860, to Gertrude, daughter of James C.
Oatman of New York, and had four children: William
Oatman and John Howard, the latter is professor of
Semitic languages in the theological seminary in New
Brunswick, N.J., Caroline Raven MacLean, widow of
Dr. Peter A. MacLean, and Edith, deceased.

CHARLES ALEXANDER ROOK,

Journalist,

Was born in Pittsburgh, August n, 1861; son of Alex
ander W. Rook and Harriet L. (Beck) Rook. He was
educated in the Ayers Latin school, Schmidt academy,
and Western university of Pennsylvania. He married in
Pittsburgh, September 9, 1884, Anna B. Wilson, and
they have three children : Helen Emma, Charles Alex
ander, Jr., and Florence Anna. He entered the office of
the Pittsburg Dispatch September i, 1880, following the
death of his father, who was for many years the senior
member of the firm of Rook, O Neill and company,
publishers and editors of the Dispatch; became secretary
of the Dispatch Publishing company in 1888; treasurer
in 1896, and March 10, 1902 president and editor-in-
chief. Colonel Rook is a republican in national politics,
but independent in city, county and state politics. He
was endorsed by every labor union in Pittsburgh in 1905
for mayor of the city, but declined the nomination on ac
count of great business pressure. In 1907 Colonel Rook
was urged to become a candidate for one of the most
important offices in the Pennsylvania state government,
but, as in the case of the mayoralty, was compelled to
decline the honor. He was appointed February 14, 1907,
on the military staff of Edwin S. Stuart, governor of
Pennsylvania, with the rank of lieutenant-colonel. On
January 17, 1908, was elected by the judges of Allegheny



534 SUCCESSFUL AMERICANS

county, a member of the board of inspectors of the West
ern penitentiary of Pennsylvania; and upon the change
in government was appointed by Governor Stuart, and
reappointed by Governor Turner; is now president of
the board of managers. He is an honorary member of
Typographical union No. 7. He was elected by the
Pennsylvania state convention delegate-at-large to the
republican national convention of 1908; and was ap
pointed by the Pennsylvania delegation to represent
Pennsylvania on the national committee to notify Wil
liam H. Taft of the nomination for president. Col. Rook
was endorsed and urged by every labor organization of
Pennsylvania to become a candidate for the United States
senate, to succeed Hon. P. C. Knox. He was appointed
by President Taft minister plenipotentiary and envoy
extraordinary to represent the United States at the one
hundredth (looth) anniversary of the independence of
the United States of Mexico in 1910; appointed by Gov
ernor Stuart to represent the state of Pennsylvania at the
convention of the national rivers and harbors congress,
held in the city of Washington December, 1907, and to
the conference with President Roosevelt at the White
House, May 1908, on the conservation of the natural
resources of the United States. He is an Episcopalian in
his church relations, and is a member of the Board of
The Newsboys Home, and member Duquesne, Union,
Americus Republican, Country clubs, Pittsburg Athletic
association and the Typographical Athletic association of
Pittsburgh, The Automobile Club of America, of New
York, and the Fellowship Club of Philadephia.



SUCCESSFUL AMERICANS 535

THOMAS FORTUNE RYAN,

Financier,

Was born October 17, 1851, in Nelson county, Va. ; edu
cated in the schools of that county; married in Baltimore,
Md., November 25, 1873, Ida M. Barry, and has five
sons. Went to Baltimore at the age of seventeen and
worked in the dry goods commission house of John S.
Barr until 1870, when he came to New York City and
became connected with a house in Wall Street; became
a member of the New York Stock Exchange in 1874, and
soon became identified with corporation interests and se
curities and especially to consolidating and extending the
street railway and lighting systems of New York City,
Chicago and other large ctities, being associated in and
having active charge of the enterprise of the late William
Whitney for nearly thirty years; notably in effecting the
consolidation of the various street railway systems of New
York City for a combination of capitalists, in 1886; went
to London, in 1902, to take charge of the fight which the
American Tobacco company was then making against
the Imperial Tobacco company for a division of the
world territory for the tobacco trade, and in a few weeks
won the fight completely, established harmonious relations
with the British corporation, and greatly enchancing the
value of the American company s business; was a leader
in the reorganization of the Richmond and Danville Sys
tem into the present Southern railway; formed and exe
cuted the plans for the Central of Georgia Railroad and
Banking company; secured control of the Seabord Air
Line Railway after and eight-year contest; arranged the
recent merging of the street railways with the elevated
railways and the subways system in such a way as to give
to him and his associates practical control of the entire
rapid transit system of New York City; purchased a con
trolling interest in the stock of the Equitable Life Assur
ance Society of the United States, in 1905; and is inter-



536 SUCCESSFUL AMERICANS

ested in and practically controls many important interests,
domestic and foreign. Director American Tobacco com
pany, Guarantee Trust company and Carolina, Clinch-
field and Ohio Railroad company. Democrat; delegate
from Virginia to national democratic convention of 1904,
where he was largely instrumental in reconciling the dele
gates to the acceptance of Judge Parker s telegram de
claring for the gold standard. Catholic. Has a home,
named Oak Ridge, on the site of his birthplace in Vir
ginia, where he maintains his legal residence, and a coun
try house also at Suffern, New York, besides his winter
residence. Chamber of Commerce, Southern Society in
New York. Clubs: Army and Navy (New York City),
Automobile Club of America, Catholic, City Midday,
Columbus (Ohio), Country of Westchester, Knollwood
Country, Lawyers, Manhataan, Metropolitan (New
York. Athletic, National Democratic, Riding, Tuxedo,
Union, The Virginians.

JOHN J. WHITE,

Mayor of Holyoke, Mass.,

Was born January 13, 1866, in Lee, Mass. He received
a thorough education in the public schools and colleges
of New England. He is treasurer of the White Paper
Box company of Holyoke, Mass.; and prominently iden
tified with the business and public affairs of his city. For
five years he served with distinction as an alderman; and
is now mayor of his city.

HEZEKIAH M. GILLETT,

Attorney-at-Law of Bay City, Mich.,
Was born January 9, 1852, in Stafford, Genessee county,
N. Y. He received a thorough education; and soon at
tained success in the practice of law. He has been a mem
ber of the school board; and has filled several other posi
tions of trust and honor.



SUCCESSFUL AMERICANS 537

LEVERETT WILSON SPRING,

Educator and Author,

Was born January 5, 1840, in Graf ton, Vt. In 1 868-81
he filled pastorates in the Congregational church; since
1 88 1 has been engaged in educational work; and since
1909 has been emeritus professor of English language
and literature in the university of Kansas. He is the
author of Kansas and numerous other works; and now
resides in Williamstown, Mass.

WALTER HENRY OADES,

Shipbuilder,

Was born Nov. 2, 1849, in Clayton, N. Y., son of
John and Jane (Van Allen) Oades; educated in public
schools of New York state and Detroit; married at De
troit, 1883, Miss Anna Smith. Learned the trade of ship
building in Detroit under his father, continuing in the
business after death of his father, in 1895; shipbuilder
and repairer shears and steam marine railway. Member
Detroit Board of Commerce, B P. O. E., Royal Arca
num. Recreation: Yachting.

CHARLES OLIVER GRAY,

President of the Washington and Tusculum College
Was born June 3, 1867, in Hewelton, N.Y. He became
principal of the high school of Hewelton, N.Y. He has
been pastor of the First Presbyterian church of Smith-
town, N.Y. ; and president of the First Presbyterian
church of Marshall, N.C. He is now president of the
Washington and Tusculum College of Greeneville, Tenn.
WILLIAM SAUNDERS SCARBOROUGH,

President Wilberforce University of Ohio,
Was born February 16, 1852, in Macon, Ga. He was
educated at Atlanta university; and in 1875 graduated
from Oberlin college. Since 1877 he has been professor



538 SUCCESSFUL AMERICANS

of ancient languages in Wilberforce university; and since
1908 has been president of that institution. He has been
postmaster of Wilberforce; and has been prominent in
the republican politics of his state. He is the author of
First Lessons in Greek; and other works; and resides in
Wilberforce, Ohio.

LEVY MAYER,

Lawyer ,

Was born in Richmond, Va., October 23, 1858; son of
Henry D. and Clara (Goldsmith) Mayer; graduated
from Chicago high school in 1874; special studies law
department at Yale, 1876. Assistant librarian of Chicago
Law Institute, 1876-81 ; admitted to the bar, and practic
ing since 1881; corporation lawyer principally, and is
legal adviser of some of the largest industrial corpora
tions and banks in the country. Is senior member of the
firm of Mayer, Meyer, Austrian and Platt. Edited and
revised manuscripts of Judge David Rorer s works on
Inter-State Law and Judicial and Execution Sales, 1876-
81. Member of American, Illinois and Chicago Bar as
sociations and American Economist association. Clubs:
Union League, Iroquois, Germania, Midday, South
Shore Country and Lake Shore Country, Automobile
(Chicago) ; Lawyers (New York City), Old Colony and
Plymouth Country (Massachusetts) ; Address: 76 West
Monroe street, Chicago, and 27 Willams street, New
York City. Summer home: Indian Hill Farm, Manomet,
Mass.

CHARLES ADOLF SCHIEREN

Merchant and Philanthropist,

Was born in Rhenish Prussia, Germany. He was edu
cated in public school in Germany until 1856, when at
the age of fourteen he came to the United States. He
learned the cigar trade and assisted his father in the busi
ness in Brooklyn, until 1864, when he began as a clerk in



SUCCESSFUL AMERICANS 539

the leather belting business of Philip F. Pasquay in New
York City. In 1868 he established himself in the belting
business with a small capital of his own savings and from
that enterprise has grown the present firm of Chas. A.
Schieren company in New York with many branch
houses in this country and Hamburg, Germany, and tan
neries in Brooklyn, N.Y., and Bristol, Tenn. Although
the scene of Mr. Schieren s entire business career has been
in Manhattan, in what is familiarly known in the leather
trade as "The Swamp,", his residence for the entire
period has been in Brooklyn and it is in this city that his
social and political interests are closely identified. In
politics, he has always been a prominent republican. For
three years he was president of the Brooklyn Young Re
publican club. He introduced the election district plan
which caused the overthrow of the democratic party and
in 1893 the election of Mr. Schieren to the mayoralty by
a tremendous majority. He turned his big business over
to other hands and devoted his entire time to the duties of
his high office. His administration was characterized by
a wise and conservative management of the city s affairs
which gave him a national reputation. Through his in
fluence and energetic advocacy the bill was passed by the
legislature of 1895 authorizing the construction of the
new East River (Williamsburg) bridge; the initial plans
were made and the work started. By the addition of five
new parks, Mr. Schieren s administration doubled the
area of the parks of the City of Brooklyn; the longest of
these, Forest Park, comprises 576 acres and is noted for
its natural beauty and fine view of both the ocean and
Long Island Sound. Dyker Meadow Park, containing
150 acres, is also of great importance, as it embraces sev
eral thousand feet ocean front; final plans were adopted
and riparian plans secured for the Shore driveway, which
when completed will be one of the finest in the world.
He also was one of the founders of the Brooklyn Museum



540 SUCCESSFUL AMERICANS

and laid corner stone during his occupancy of the admin
istration as mayor for this maginficent building on the
park slope. He was appointed and served on many im
portant commissions, notably by Governor Black as chair
man of the State Commerce Commission, also was ap
pointed by Governor Roosevelt as a member of the New
York Charter Revision Committee and is actively en
gaged in many charitable organizations and is now presi
dent of the Brooklyn Academy of Music which is consid
ered one of the finest structures in this country devoted to
grand opera, music and art. Mr. Schieren has been suc
cessful in all his undertakings, is public spirited, clean
charactered and ever ready to support by his means and
influence any enterprise which has for its purpose the bet
terment and welfare of the community, of which he has
been an honored member for over half a century and is a
splendid specimen of American citizenship. Mr. Schie
ren is a prominent layman of the Lutheran church of
Americans; he made an endowment of a fund of $43,000
-to the Mecklenburg college of Allentown, Pa., the in
terest to be devoted to aid young men of moderate means
for the study of the ministry; also made an endowment
of $50,000 to Mount Airy Seminary at Mt. Airy, Phila
delphia, to create a professorship of post-graduate course.
Mr. Schieren is an active member of the Chamber of
Commerce of New York and served on many prominent
committees. He was one of the most earnest advocates of
the widening and deepening of the Erie canal for the
benefit of the waterborne commerce of the port of New
York.



LYNDON A. SMITH,

Lawyer and Statesman of Minnesota,
Was born July 15, 1854, in Boscowen, N.H. He was edu
cated at Dartmouth college and at Georgetown university.
He is a member of the republican party; and has attained



SUCCESSFUL AMERICANS 541

success in the practice of law in Minnesota. In 1899-1903
he was lieutenant-governor of the State of Minnesota;
and has held various high positions of trust and honor.
He is now attorney general for the State of Minnesota;
and resides in St. Paul, Minn.

GEORGE A. SOPER,

Sanitary Engineer and Expert,

Was born New York City, February 3, 1870; son of
George A. and Georgianna L. (Bucknam) Soper; edu
cated University Grammar School, New York City;
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, B.S., 1895; Columbia
university, A.M., 1898, Ph.D., 1899; also special studies
in France, Germany and Switzerland; married Troy, N.
Y., 1895, Mary Virginia McLeod; children: George A.,
born 1899, Harvey McLeod, born 1902. Civil engineer
Boston Water Works, then engineer of contracting firm
building water filtration works for many cities, 1895-07;
post-graduate studies at Columbia university, and in Eu
rope, 1894-99; charge of sanitary rehabilitation of Gal-
veston; Texas, after disaster of 1900; sanitary engineer
New York City department of health, 1902; expert sent
by State Department of Health to fight epidemic of 1,300
cases of typhoid at Ithaca, N.Y. ; expert called by City of
Watertown, N.Y., to stamp out epidemic of 600 cases of
typhoid, 1905 ; expert in charge of typhoid epidemic work
for Williams college, Lawrence (New York) Board of
Health, etc.; expert of Rapid Transit Railroad Commis
sion of New York, in charge of investigation of subway
air, making over five thousand analyses and fifty thou
sand observations of temperature and humidity, and nu
merous autopsies and physical examinations of employees,
1905-06. Engaged in practice as consulting sanitary en
gineer; member Commission of Engineers, appointed by
Merchants Association of New York, to investigate city
transit conditions, 1903; member delegation from Mer-



542 SUCCESSFUL AMERICANS

chants Association and Chamber of Commerce of New
York, which investigated natural and economic resources
of Texas at invitation of governor and legislature of
Texas; member New York Bay Pollution Commission,
appointed 1903 by governor of New York; reappointed
1905 to investigate sanitary condition of New York har
bor; member since 1906 and president since 1908 Metro
politan Sewerage Commission of New York, appointed
by mayor of New York, to establish comprehensive plan
or policy for disposing of sewage for Metropolitan Dis
trict of New York. This work which cost about two hun
dred thousand dollars and was reported in May 10,
1910, and subsequently included thousands of chemical
and bacteriological analyses, complicated tidal studies
and design for engineering works to cost over one hun
dred and fifty million dollars. Author of two books and
about thirty papers, addresses and reports published in
medical and engineering literature. Member American
Society Civil Engineers, Boston Society, Civil Engineers,
American Chemical Society, Society American Bacter
iologists, American Water Works Association, American
Public Health Association; fellow A.A.A.S., associate
fellow New York Academy Medicine, Delta Phi frater
nity, Society of the Sigma Xi, Association of Doctors of
Philosophy of Clumbia University. Address: 17 Battery
Place, New York City.

ANDREW J. GRANT,

Was born February 25, 1869, in Grand Falls, Jasper
county, Mo. He was educated in the common and high
schools of Missouri and Kansas; and is now as successful
lawyer of Washington. He has been principal of schools,
justice of the peace, in 1900 was United States census
agent, and deputy sheriff. Since 1902 he has been city
attorney of Harrington, Wash., and is now filling his
tenth term of 1911-12; and resides in Harrington, Wash.



SUCCESSFUL AMERICANS 543

S. D. PETERSON,

State Representative of Oregon,

Was born January 12, 1875, in Mitchell county, N.C.
He was educated at Bowman Academy of Bakersville,
N.C.; attended the Kentucky university at Lexington;
and graduated from Wake Forest college of North Caro
lina. He is a member of the republican party; was mayor
of Bakersville in 1902; and in 1909-10 was city attorney
of Milton, Ore. He is now serving his first term of 191 1-
13 as a member of the House of Representatives in the
Oregon State Legislature; is a member of several impor
tant committees; and has held various other positions of
trust and honor.

JOHN GUTHRIE CRAIG,

Department Store,

Was born in Ayrshire, Scotland, May 8, 1848; son of An
drew and Margaret (Campbell) Craig; educated in Ayr
shire. Began active career in grocery business, in Glas
gow, Scotland, continuing for four years; came to Amer
ica and engaged in farming in New York state; became
connected with Singer Manufacturing company s fac
tories at Elizabethport, N.J., and was at Chicago, 111.,
for same company. Located in Minneapolis, 1884, and
entered dry goods business, starting for self in 1885; has
been member of the firm of Craig, Lunde and Craig, since
1899. Served in Volunteer Artillery, Glasgow, Scotland,
and as member company I, M.N.G. Independent in poli
tics. Congregationalist. Married at Minneapolis, 1891,
to Miss Edith Robideaux. Clubs: East Side Commercial,
Elks, and others. Recreations: Boating and fishing. Be
sides his city residence, he maintains a summer home at
Lake Marin, twenty-three miles from Minneapolis.



544 SUCCESSFUL AMERICANS

J. GRAY BOLTON,

Member Pennsylvania Historical Society,
Was born March 17, 1849, in County Derry, Ireland.
He is descended from the Boltons of England, the Grays
of Scotland, and Irish for many generations. He settled
in Philadelphia in 1866; was educated at the Lafayette
College and Union theological seminary; and received
the degrees of A.M., D.D. and LL.D. He is an eminent
clergyman and the founder of Hope Presbyterian church
of Philadelphia, Pa.; and has been its only pastor for
thirty-eight years. He is grand chaplain of the Grand
Lodge of Pennsylvania, Free and Accepted Masons; is
a life member of the Pennsylvania historical society; is
a member of the Transatlantic Society of America; is a



Online LibraryIll.) Successful Americans (Firm : ChicagoDistinguished successful Americans of our day; containing biographies of prominent Americans now living → online text (page 38 of 45)