Ill.) Western Baptist Educational Convention. (1871 : Ch.

Proceedings of the Western Baptist Educational Convention, held in the First Baptist Church, Chicago, May 24 and 25, 1871 online

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Online LibraryIll.) Western Baptist Educational Convention. (1871 : ChProceedings of the Western Baptist Educational Convention, held in the First Baptist Church, Chicago, May 24 and 25, 1871 → online text (page 1 of 13)
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May 24 AND 25, 1S71.





187 I.


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Educational Convention,



May 24 AND 25, 1871. Y



• ' 6. ■ ,


;d by the convention.




The reports of addresses made during the session of the
Convention are for the most part copied from the columns of
"The Standard."


311. 9 (^

■ y/ 5 5. p







The Western Baptist Educational Convention assembled in the
First Baptist Church, Chicago, at nine o'clock, and was called to
order bj' the Secretary of the American Baptist Educational Com-
mission, Rev. S. S. Cutting, D.D.

The following is the list of Visitors and Delegates present :



Visitors. — Rev. W. H. Eaton, D.D. ; Rev. C. H. Richardson.

Visitors. — Rev. Narcisse Cyr; Rev. C. F.Nicholson.


Visitors.— Rev. B. F. Bronson, D.D. ; Rev. S. W. Foljambe, D.D. ; Rev.
C. F. Foster; Rev. Alvah Hovej, D.D. ; Rev. W. B. Thompson; Rev. James
Upham, D.D.


, Visitor.— Rev. S. L. Caldwell, D.D.


Visitors. — Rev. Amasa Howard; Wm. J. Leonard; Rev. S. D.Phelps,
^ D.D. ; Rev. Robert Turnbull, D.D.


Visitors.— Pres't M. B. Anderson, LL.D. ; W. F. Benedict; J. C. Corn-
ing; H. M. Congar; J. Durfey; Cyrus W. Hatch; Rev. L. P. Judson ; John
A. Pearson; Rev. Wm. Rees ; Smith Sheldon; James M. Sutherland; W.
Sutherland ; Charles Truax.


Visitors. — Rev. W. H. Parmeley, D.D.; Hon. P. P. Runyan; Rev. D.
H. Miller, D.D. ; Rev. Joseph Banvard, D.D.

Visitors.— H. G. Weston, D.D. ; Rev. W. S. Goodno.

I I 47908


Visitors.— Rev. E. T. Winkler, D.D.; Hon. Wm. E. Wording, LL.D.

Visitor. — Rev. R. R. Whiitier.



Denison Univerm'tv. — President Samson Talbot, D.D. ; Rev. A. H. Strong
D.D. ; Rev. L N. Carman; E. Thresher; Rev. N. A.. Read.

Baptis^t Education Society. — Rev. D. A. Randall; Rev. D. Shcpardson
D.D. ; Rev. Marsena Stone, D.D. ; Prof. J. Stevens; J. H. Tangerman.
Mt. Auburn 7'ouiig Ladies Seminary. — Rev. J. C. C. Clarke.

Rev. F. L. Chappell; James L. Cox; Rev. F. A. Douglass; C. R.Dunbar
Rev. J. Huntington; Rev. Reuben Jeffery, D.D. ; Rev. C D. Morris; Rev
E. A. Taft.



Kalamazoo Collcc^c. — President Kendill Brooks, D.D. ; Hon. Caleb Vai
Husen ; Rev. Geo. W. Harris; Rev. II. L. Morehou>e ; Rev. A. E. Mather

Kalamazoo Theological Seminary. — Rev. Samuel Graves, D.D. ; Rev. J
Donnellv, Jr.; Rev. James F. Hill; Rev. T. Z. R.Jones; Rev. Andrew Ten
br^ek; Rev. T. M. Shanafelt.

Michigan Baptist Education Society. — H.C. Briggs; Rev. A. Owen; Rev
E. J. Fish ; Rev. L. C. Pattengill.

FeutoH Seminary, — ^J. Cranston; Rev. L. Wadney.


Rev. F. B. Cressey; Rev. James S. Cox; Rev. J. Mathews; Prof. Edwar<
Olney; H. B. Taft;" Rev. O." D'. Taylor.



Franklin College.— Vvusident H. L. Wayland, D.D. ; Rev. O. Ayer; Rev
J. S. Boyden ; Rev. Wm. Elgin; Rev. A. J. Essex; Rev. L. D. Robinson
Rev J. R. Stone.

Crozvfi Point Institute. — Rev. T. H. Ball.


Rev. A. A. Carpenter; E. K. Chandler; .\. B. Chapin; Rev. J. C. Fernald
Rev. D. S. French; Rev. Geo E. Leonard; Rev. F. Mace: Rev. O. P. Meek
Rev. J. J. W. Place ; Rev. T. Reese ; Rev. H. Smith ; Rev. Silas Tucker, D.D



Illinois Baptist Education Society. — Prof. Washington Leverett; H. N

Shurilef College.— Kev . J. Bulkley, D.D.; Rev. N. M. Wood, D.D. ; Pro
O. Howes.

University of Chicago. — Prof. J. W. Stearns; Rev. Charles Button.

Baptist Theoloirical Seminary. — President G. W. Northrup, D.D. ; A. N
Arnold, D.D. ; E.'^C. Mitchell, D.D. ; R. E. Pattison, D.D.

Baptist Theoloirical Union.— C. N. Holden; J. E. Tyler; W. W. Everts
D.D. ; Edward Goodman; G. S. Bailey, D.D.

Almira Co/Z^^e.— President J. B. White; Rev. J. Cole.


Rev. W. W. Ames; Rev. E. N. Archibald; Rev. J. M. Gregory, LL.D.
Rev. F. E. Arnold; Rev. J. Y. Aitchison ; Rev. L. C. Bates; L. T. Bush
James P. Cadman; Rev. T- Cairns; Charles Carlstadt; Rev. D. F. Carna
han; Rev. C. W. Clark; Rev. T. C. Clcndenning; Rev. J. D, Cole, D.D.


Rev. R. R. Coon ; Rev. C. T. Emerson ; Rev. Henry L. Field ; Rev. M. L.
Fuller; Rev. E. A. Gastman; Rev. William Green; Rev. W. M. Haigh ;
Rev. J. C. Hart; Rev. C. E. Hewitt; Rev. E. W. Hick.s; Rev. E. L. Hunt;
Rev. F. W. Ingmire; Rev. W. B. James; W. A. Jarrell ; Rev. W. J. Ker-
mott; Rev. H. Kingsburv; Wm. Lawrence; Rev. J. T. Ma.son ; Rev. J. F.
Merriam; C. II. Moftat; Rev. T. C. Morel.v; Rev. H. E. Norton; Rev. R.
M. Nott; J. Pennoyer; Rev Geo Phippen ; Rev. N. Pierce; Rev. Thos.
Piatt; Rev Tlios. T. Potter; Rev. Thos. Powell; Rev. Volney Powell; E.
F. Price; Rev. L. Raymond; Rev. J. A. Smith. D.D. ; Rev. W. H. Stifler;
Rev. Silas Thomas; Rev. M. M. Took; Rev. C. T. Tucker; Rev. A. N.
Walter; Rev. H. B. Waterman; Rev J. T. Westover; Rev. J. M. White-
head; W. A. Wilson; Rev, J. L. M. Young; Rev. Leroy Church.



William Jr-vell Colirsr^.—Rev. A. H. Burlingham, D D. ; Rev. D. T. Mor-
rill; Rev. J W. Warder; Prof. Norman Fox.


Rev. S. W. Marston ; Rev. George Kline; Rev. Thomas Hudson.



Desmoines University. — Rev. J. V. Schofield ; Rev. Luther Stone; Rev. J.
W. Denison.

lov.'a Baptist Union. — Rev. Thomas Brnnde: Rev. J. F. Childs ; Rev. D.
H. Cooley; Rev. S. K. Leavitt; Rev. Dexter P. Smith. D.D.

Cedar Valley Seminary. — Prof. Alvati Bush ; Rev. H. H. Burrington ; Rev.
A. T. Cole; O. A. Goodhue, M.D. ; Rev. Asa Marsh.


Rev. George M. Adams; Rev. F. Adkins; Hon. J M. Beck; Rev. C.
Brooks; F. M. Bruner; Rev. N. S. Burton, D.D. ; Rev. R. A. Clapp; Rev.
O. L. Crittenden; Prof. Amos N. Currier; Rev. R. R Hawlej; Rev. L. W.
Hajhurst; Rev. Robert Leslie ; A. Mink; Rev. C- H. Remington; Rev. E.
P. Savage; Rev. J. N. Seeley; Rev. P. S. Whitman.



Wavland University.- -Rev. O. O. Stearns; Rev. J. E. Johnson; A. Joy;
Prof. J. A. Miner; Hon. C. Burchard.

Baptist Education Society.— "^.Qv .]. W. Fish; Prof. A. S, Hutchins; Rev.
E. Nesbit. D.D.


B. L Aldrich; Rev. N. E. Chapin ; Rev. Henry Clark; Rev. L. Fosdic;
Prof. Milo P. Jewett, LL.D.; Dr. L. E. Ober; Rev. E. H. Page; E. C.
Smith; G. D. Stevens; Rev. J. T. Sunderland; Rev. J. M. Titterington ;
Rev. J. H. Wilderman; N. E. Word; Rev. Isaac B. Branch, D.D.S.



Baftist State Convention.— YLav. L. B. Allen, D D. ; Hon. Mark H. Dun-
nell, LL.D.; Rev. A. Gale; Rev. E. B. Hurlburt; Pvcv. Daniel Read, LL.D.


Rev. G. W. Fuller; D. D. Merrill; Rev. L B Teft.

Visitor. — Rev. J. W. Daniels.

Visitors.— Rev. R. A. Fyfe, D.D ; Rev. John Bates; Rev. H. W. Stearns.


The following Board of Permanent Officers was elected by the

Convention :

Ebenezer Thresher, of Ohio, President.
Hon. I. M. Gregory, LL.D..of Illinois, > .,. r. -j ^
Hon. Caleb Van Husen, of Michigan, \ V,ce Presidents.
Rev. E. C. Mitchell, D D., of Illinois, Secretary.

Prayer was offered by the Rev. W. W. Everts, D.D., of Illinois.
The business of the Convention was then introduced with an
address by Rev. Dr. Cutting, setting forth the objects of the Con-
vention and suggesting an Order of Exercises as follows :


1. Th" Qiiestion of Academies in the Scheme of Higlier Education,
including that of Preparatory Departments in our Colleges, and the bearing
upon this question of the ExisLence of Public High Schools. Prof. J. W.
Stearns, Universitj' of Chicago.

2. The Qiiestion of the Education of the Women of the West, including
that of the Admission of both Sexes to the same Institutions of Higher
Learning. Rev. H. L. Wajiand, D.D., President of Franklin College, Ind.

3. The Place of Scientific Studies in Present Education. Rev. Samson
Talbot, D.D., President of Denison University, Ohio.


4. The Colleges and Universities of the West, their Present Character
and Functions, with the possible Lines of their Development, to meet the
Advancing Needs of Education. Rev. J. A. Smith, D.D., Chicago.


5. How Christian Institutions of Higher Learning, Academies, Colleges,
Universities, and Theological Seminaries, keeping progress with the growth
of Society, can best be built up in the West, with due regard always to other
necessary expenditures of money for religious purposes. A Discussion, to
be opened by Dr. Bulkley, of Shurtleff College.

6. The Duties of Western Churches with reference to the Perpetuation,
Increase, and Education of the jlinistry. Rev. Kendall Brooks, D.D., I'resi-
dent Kalamazoo College, Mich.

7. The Care of Education as part of Pastoral Duty, with tlie bearing of a
general and effective movement in education on the Character. Progress,
and Usefulness of the Denomination. Rev. J. V. Schofield, DesMoines,

The Order of Exercises suggested by Dr. Cutting was adopted.

The following Committees were appointed:

Committee on Delegates :

Rev. J. F. Childs, of Iowa.
Rev. S. Washington, of III.
Rev. E. K. Chandler, of Ind.
Rev. Silas Thomas, of 111.

Committee on Academies.

Rev. R. M. NoTT, of 111.
Rev. A. Owen, of Mich.
Rev. Geo. Kline, of Mo.
Rev. D. H. CooLEY, of Iowa.
Prof. A. S. HuTCHiNS, of Wis.
Rev. I. N. Carman, of Ohio.
Rev. L. B. Allen, D.D., of Minn.


Committee on Colleges and Universities.

Prof. A. N. Arnold, D.D., of 111.

Rev. Daniel Read, LL.D., of Minn.

Prof. Alvah Bush, of Iowa.

Prof. Norman Fox, of Mo.

Rev. A. J. Essex, of Ind.

Rev J. C. C. Clarke, of Ohio.

Prof M. P.Jew^ett, LL'D., of Wis.

Committee on Scientific Education.

Prof. Edward Olney, of Mich.
Prof. A. N. Currier, of Iowa.
Prof. O. Howes, of 111.
Rev. J. E. Johnson, of Wis.

Committee on the Increase of the Ministry and Theological Education.

Rev. N. M. Wood, D.D., of 111.
Rev. A. H. BuRLiNGHAM, D.D., of Mo.
Rev. E. Nesbit, D.D., of Wis.
Rev. Silas Tucker, D.D., of Ind.
Rev. D. P. Smith, D.D., of Iowa.
Rev. F. A. Douglass, of Ohio.

Committee on De?iominatiotial Work in Education.

Rev. G. W. NoRTHRUP, D.D., of 111.
Rev. A A. Kendrick, of Mo.
Prof. John Stevens, of Ohio.
Rev. O. O. Stearns, of Wis.
Rev. Samuel Graves, D.D., of Mich.
Rev. S. L. Caldwell, D.D., of R. I.
Rev. Lemuel Moss, DD., of Pa.

Committee on Education of Women.

Hon. Mark H. Dunuell, LL.D., of Minn.

Rev. John B. White, of 111.

Judge J. M. Beck, Iowa.

"Rev. Daniel Shepardson, D.D., of Ohio.

Rev. D. T. Morrill, Mo. '

The Convention then proceeded to listen to a paper, by Prof. J.
W. Stearns, of the University of Chicago, upon


I propose to discuss briefly: ist, the reason of the neglect of Secondary
Education at the West ; 2dly, whether Preparatory Departments are adequate
to furnish this education; 3dly, whether High Schools can be depended on
to furnish it; and 4thly, what is necessary to constitute a good Academy

I. Three facts in our educational arrangements seem to me especially sig-
nificant: that the public school system makes the primary school its point
of departure; that the voluntary system tends to the production of colleges
in excess of the wants of the community; and that secondary education is
so far neglected as to be made either incidental — an unwelcome but neces-


sary appendage to the college — or else quite inadequate; in short, that in
attempting to seat it upon two stools, we have allowed it to fall to the ground
between them We must seek to understand what these facts mean.

I find the explanation of them in the different aims of the two educational
systems. In this country, public schools are regarded as a governmental
necessity. They have grown out of the conviction that the permanence and
well-being of a republic depend upon the intelligence of the great body of
her citizens. This conviction determines their aim, which is to leave as
small a number of children as possible to grow up in dangerous ignorance.
Therefore the primary school is of the first importance. Moreover, the char-
acter and tendency of the instruction which the schools afford is decided by
the same consideration. Their ruling purpose is to train the young for the
practical duties of citizenship and of business life. The public schools, in
short, seek to meet the wants of the majority. The tendency with them,
therefore, is to overestimate the present and the practical, and to disregard
the past and the speculative.

The voluntary system is mostly under the direction of the Church. It,
too, has a definite aim, but one materiall}' different from the preceding. This
is to develop leaders of men. Hence higher education is its province, and
the college is its point of departure, the vital element of the system. The
kind of instruction afforded is determined by the end sought. Two things
are essential to good leadership — breadth of view, which can only be
obtained by a knowledge of other times, other people, and other ways of
thinking than those in the midst of which we live; and wisdom, which
grows out of a knowledge of what men have tried, and what men have accom-
plished in the past. These things are absolutely essential to the training of
good leaders, able to think independently and to act prudently. Moreover,
the Church wisely seeks to give that culture which will keep alive a sense of
the great revolution wrought in human life by the introduction of Chris-
tianity. Now, these three purposes tend to one and the same result, to give
prominence, in this scheme of instruction, to what has been somewhat con-
temptuously styled " antiquarianism." With such ends in view, it is mani-
fest, again, that the voluntary system must make the college its point of
departure, its head-centre of impulse and inspiration. Feeling this, each
denomination of Christians, in inaugurating its educational work in a new
State, seeks to lay, as soon as possible, the foundations of such an institu-
tion. The tendency, thus arising, to exceed the actual wants of the commu-
nity, is further encouraged by the confidence of rapid growth which is char-
acteristic of a new country, and which requires provision to be made, not
only for the present, but also for the certain future. Then comes the strug-
gle for existence, which, if we are to believe certain scientific teachings, is
not particularly favorable to the success of the weaker sort.

We can not hope to change this order of development. The fault in it, if
there is any, is the assumption that State lines are natural boundaries in
educational work, so that an entire system must be created in each State by
each denomination. If this is a mistake, it can be remedied only, so far as I
can see, by experience, and by causing the importance and necessity of sec-
ondary education to be more generally recognized.

From this view of the principles which have determined the development
of the two systems, we at once see why secondary education has been neg-
lected. It lies between the college and the primary school. It is, therefore;
incidental to both systems, and only incidental. Both do something to pro-
mote it. The State scheme looks forward to it as in the line of its progress,


and provides for it as well as can be done consistently with the prosecution
of its main work. I hope to be able to show, however, that high schools
can never be depended upon as the chief source of supply for our colleges.
It is self evident that they can not at the present time. The voluntary sys-
tem has therefore taken up the work, as indispensable to its higher institu-
tions. The colleges have been compelled to provide academic teaching, and
they have done so by the expedient of preparatory departments.

II. Is this expedient wise, and adequate to the necessity ? I can not regard
it as unwise, although it is certainly attended with some serious disadvan-
tages. There are difficulties of management arising from the great disparity
of age and attainments in the pupils; there is the sentimental objection —
to which we may attach more or less importance, according to our point of
view, — that a college suffers a certain loss of dignity by having such an
attachment; there is a constant tendency to overload the instructors (by no
means a sentimental objection), and, by reducing them to mere drudges, to
prevent them from attaining the best results in their proper work. While
the college is thus injured, the academy also is liable to suffer, from the fact
that it is looked upon as an appendage, and its claims are likely to be treated
as subsidiarj' to others. But the expedient has this one great recommenda-
tion, that in earlier stages of our educational work it has made it possible
to have colleges at all. I might go further, and say that if we could disabuse
ourselves of the idea that by the arrangement we are carrying on two sepa-
rate institutions, and could organize a single course of instruction of eight
or nine years, beginning with the secondary grade, I think such a plan would
be attended with very considerable advantages.

The objection to preparatory departments as a means of providing for
secondary education, does not lie chiefly in the direction already indicated.
Even if we admit that thej' are, on the whole, a serious disadvantage to the
institutions with which they are connected, we still have to acknowledge
that at present our colleges can not live without them. To cut them oft" is
like cutting off the right hand. I liken thetn rather to the cotyledons which
the young plant pushes up with its growth, and feeds upon until it has
attained sufficient strength to live without them. The only way in which
we can hope to get rid of them is so to swell the college classes that they
shall be felt to be merely incumbrances. Why is not this accomplished.?
Among other reasons, as it seems to me, because the expedient of prepara-
tory departments is an utterly inadequate one to encourage and support such
a growth.

Looking at the condition of the voluntary educational system in this-
State as fairly indicative of that prevailing generally in the West, I find that
there are twenty-one colleges in Illinois, all but two of which have prepara-
tory departments. Four years ago, every college in the State had such a
department. Not only does the number of pupils in the preparatory depart-
ments far exceed that of those in attendance on the colleges, but the number
of the latter is very small. Four years ago, fourteen of the best colleges in
the State graduated, on an average, less than eleven pupils each, and only
one as many as twenty. Many reasons might be assigned for this state of
affairs, but the most important one, I think, is, that the colleges are little
better than local institutions. Most of their pupils come from a compara-
tively limited field, in which the influence of the college is powerfully felt.
So long as our colleges depend chiefly upon their own preparatory depart-
ments as feeders, this must necessarily be the case.

Preparatory departments, then, can not take the place of academies in-


fostering and developing a wide-spread interest in liberal culture. That
kind of an influence which they exert in the communities where they are
situated, ought to be developed in a great many different centres, all subsid-
iary to the one institution. We need academies, ably conducted and judi-
ciously located, to exercise this influence. They would draw to themselves
a great many young persons who, but for the neighborhood of such a school,
would never think of obtaining an education. They would inspire a desire
for higher culture in the minds of pupils who entered them with very limited
expectations They would be operating powerfully in building up the
higher institutions, not only by increasing the number of pupils in attend-
ance upon them, but by drawing towards them the thoughts and aftections
of the people over a very large field of operations. We can not any longer
sit still and wait for the colleges to grow. We can not make them exert
the widest and most salutary influence, even by swelling their endowments
and increasing their facilities for instruction, essential as this is. We must
organize our system. We must put in operation the train of causes which
draw men to these institutions. We must come into connection with the
people as extensively as possible, and make them to feel, in every way in our
power, the importance of' the work we are trying to do. To talk of accom-
plishing this by preparatory departments, is as absurd as to maintain that
large churches, built at the county-seats, would be better means of promoting
the growth of religion than the small chapels are, which now spring up in
every village.

But, in the second place, preparatory departments can not take the place
of academies, because the latter ought to be something more than schools
of preparation for college. They ought to be this above everything else, to
be the quiet streams which drift everything on their surface towards the larger
river; but they ought also to furnish supplementary instruction to that of
the district schools. This they should do, because instruction of this kind
is made accessible by our public school system to only a portion of the peo-
ple. High schools can not exist except in the larger towns. They aftbrd free
instruction onlj' to the children of those who are taxed to support them.
Their courses of study, regulations and general arrangements, are always
adapted to the wants of the city, and consequently are, in many respects, not
well suited to those of pupils from without. There are, therefore, in every
State, large numbers of young persons who have neither fitting opportuni^
ties to obtain secondary instruction, nor influences drawing them to seek it.
Academies should be organized to meet their wants, as far as this is prac-
ticable. These should aim to furnish the best possible training in the Eng-
lish language and literature, in elementary science, and in the modern
languages, as well as in the classics and mathematics.

Let me add, as a third reason why preparatory departments can not take
the place of academies, that the benefits of the latter would be accessible to
young people of both sexes. The day is coming, and that, too, before very
long, when the importance of this consideration yy'iU be seen in its true

These reasons, which show the insuflliciency of preparatory departments
to do the work which ought to be done, also urge us to the establishment of
academies. We need these as centres of quickening influence, both that the
people may be more widely and deeply impressed with the value of liberal
culture, and that our colleges maybe better supplied with students; we
need them to furnish secondary education to those for whom no provision


is made by existing arrangements; and we need them for the sake of our
daughters as well as of our sons.

III. We must ask further in what relation do our high schools stand to
this matter? I shall not be understood, in what I am about to say, as failing
t'l lecognize the value of the work these schools are doing. It seems to me,
however, ver3'clear,that they do not and can not take tlie place of academies.
In the first place, as already shown, they do not occupy the field. Such
schools exist only in cities and large towns, and are organized and conducted
as local institutions. But, further, very few high schools in the West a^tford
opportunities of classical culture. I have tried to ascertain the number in

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Online LibraryIll.) Western Baptist Educational Convention. (1871 : ChProceedings of the Western Baptist Educational Convention, held in the First Baptist Church, Chicago, May 24 and 25, 1871 → online text (page 1 of 13)