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. D. Blirtiiro. lit



REI»C>IITS



OF THE



OFFICERS OF STATE



OF THE



STATE OF INDIANA,



TO THE GOVERNOR.



FOR THE YEARS 1860 AND 1861



INDIANAPOLIS:

BERRY R. SULGROVE, STATE PRINTER.
1862.






INDEX.



Report of the Deaf and Dnmb Institute,

Report of Agont of State, • ''

Report of Hospital for the Insane, _

Report of Blind Institute, %. ^'^'

Report of Auditor of State, ■

Report of Wabash and Erie Canal, '"

Report of Commiesionera of Sinking Fund, ^'"

Report of Northern Indiana State Prison, '-'r

R«port of Southern State Prison, « ' ^

Message of Governor Morton, « ""'



EIGHTEENTH ANNUAL REPORT



OF THE



^>



TRUSTEES AND SUPERINTENDENT



OF THE



INDIANA INSTITUTION



FOR



fitU] :



SO



ftihl'VYY



TO THE GOA^ERNOR.



INDIANAPOLIS:

BERllY R. SULGROYE, STATE PRINTER.

1861.



INTELLECTUAL DEPARTMENT.



SUPEPiTNTENDENT.

THOMAS MAC INTIRE, A. M.



INSTRUCTORS.



WILLIAM WILLARD,
HORACE S. GILLET, A. M.,
W. H. LATHAM, A. M., M. D.



\YM. H. DE MOTTE, A. M.,
WM. S. MARSHALL, A. B.,
SIDNEY J. VAIL,



WILLIAM M. FRENCH.



DOMESTIC DEPARTMENT.



PHYSICIAN.

p. H. JAMESON, M. D.



MATRON.

MISS JULIA A. TAYLOR.

ASSISTANT MATRON.

MISS L. B. PAIGE.

STEWARD.

WILLIAM R. FOSTER,



INDUSTRIAL DEPARTMENT.



SAMUEL F. KAHLE, Master of Cabinet Shop.
RICHARD M. WRIGHT, 3faf<ter of Shoe Shop.
CHRISTIAN RAMSAIER, Gardner.



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TRUSTEES' REPORT.



To His Excellency^ Governor 0. P. Morton:

The Trustees of the Institution for the Education of the Deaf and
Dumb, in compliance with the law, respectfully present to you this,
their eighteenth annual report.

The history of the Institution for the past year, both in relation to
its educational and industrial interests, and the management of its
pecuniary and domestic affairs, gives abundant evidence of its in-
creasing value and usefulness. It is a matter of reoret however
that there has been so large a diminution of the number of pupils.
The number in attendance the present term, is one hundred and forty-
two, while the last term it was one hundred and seventy-one. This
loss of numbers is doubtless due to the derangement of the public
interests of the country, growing out of our national difficulties. It
is to be hoped that the parents and guardians of these pupils will
soon make such arrangements as will enable them to return them
again to the Institution.

We have witnessed, with increased interest, the wonderful effects
of the system of education pursued in the Institution, in arousing
and calling into activity the dormant intellects of the pupils. The
condition of the uneducated mute is one of extreme ignorance and
degradation. In former times he was considered as a burden to



8

society, and a companion only for the idiot and the insane. But the
system adopted in our own and in similar American Institutions,
founded upon the great principle that there is no more natural and
necessary connection between abstract ideas and words, than there is
between the same ideas and visible signs, unlocks to his mind the
whole storehouse of knowledge, and, in point of intellectual and moral
culture, elevates him to a level with the more fortunate of his
race.

Notwithstanding the general depression of all kinds of business,
we are happy to state that the work-shops belonging to the Institu-
tion were never in a more satisfactory condition. Under the faithful
supervision of experienced foremen, the pupils become thorough
masters of their respective trades, and the receipts for articles manu-
factured are more than sufficient to pay all expenses.

The Trustees, in accordance with the law, are required to make a
monthly examination of the accounts of the Institution for the cur-
rent expenses. We have faithfully attended to this duty. All the
bills of purchases made have passed under our immediate inspection ;
and we can say with confidence, that the funds have been judiciously
and economically managed.

At the last regular session of the Legislature, the sum of fifteen
thousand dollars was appropriated to furnish the Institution with a
steam-heating apparatus. Measures were accordingly taken to secure
the construction of this important work. It is now finished in all its
essential parts. It has been constructed on the most approved plan,
and of the best materials ; and it has all been done within the limit,
and according to the terms of the appropriation. In the language of
the Superintendent's Report, "we doubt whether there ever has been
a steam-heating apparatus of the same extent and kind made in this
country, more perfect or at less cost." By the introduction of steam-
conducting pipes into an apartment in the basement of the building,
facilities are secured for washing and drying the clothing of the pu-
pils. This will remove the necessity for the erection of an additional
building for this especial object. The engine and boiler house is fire-
proof, and is unconnected with the main building, thus rendering the
destruction of the building by accidental fires, next to impossible.
This will secure to the Institution an annnual saving of insurance to
the amount of at least five hundred dollars.



9

To our worthy Superintendent we would express our acknowledge-
ment for his persevering and efficient services rendered throughout
the prosecution of this work ; and, for the particulars of the several
contracts entered into, as well as for the detailed statements of the
financial affairs of the Institution, you are respectfully referred to
his extended and able Report.

ANDREW WALLACE, PresL,
JOHN M. KITCHEN, 1 ^ .
JAMES C. BURT, / ^™^^^*-



SUPERINTENDENT'S REPORT.



To the Board of Trustees:

Gentlemen: — Recognizing the high responsibility of the charge
entrusted by you to me as the chief executive officer of the Institu-
tion, and, acknowledging my accountability to you for its faithful
management, it is with much satisfaction that I am permitted to re-
port its continued prosperity and usefulness.

The changes which have been made in the affairs of the Institution
during the year, have been so slight, and the transactions which have
taken place have been so few, beyond the ordinary business of for-
mer years, that a very brief report will suffice on the present occa-
sion.

The course of study and general system of management have been
so often described in previous reports, that it is not necessary at this
time again to advert to them further than to say, that they continue
essentially the same as in former years.

The number of pupils in attendance last session was one hundred
and seventy-one. Thirty of these were dismissed at the close of the
term ; sixteen of whom, having successfully completed the prescribed
course of study, were granted honorary certificates of character and
scholarship ; and the others, though they had not finished the full
course, were, for various reasons, withdrawn or discharged from the
school. This unusually large number have left us, having, under the



13

instruction which we have been able to give, acquired such a degree
of knowledge, and formed such principles of rectitude and habits of
industry, as lead us to believe that they go forth into society with
encouraging prospects of obtaining and adorning positions of respec-
tability, comfort, and usefulness.

Sixteen new pupils only have entered this term; and fifteen of
those belonging to the regular classes up to this time have failed to
return. The large number discharged and the small number of new
admissions, with the absentees, render the attendance this session
considerably less than it was last. The actual attendance at this date
is one hundred and forty-two.

The reason for so large a diminution of the number of our pupils
is found in the excitement and derangement consequent upon the war.
Many, in their enthusiasm, supposed that the Institution would be
suspended until the government had conquered a peace. Others en-
tered the army without making provision for sending their children
to school. And though the deaf and dumb themselves are not allowed
to enter the ranks as soldiers, yet a considerable number of our older
boys have been kept at home to supply the places at work of brothers
or fathers who have gone to fight for their country. And others,
through fear of impending evil have been deterred from sending their
unfortunate children from home.

Accompanying this report we give a catalogue of the names and
residences of all the pupils who have been under instruction during
the year just closed.

The assistant Teachers, employed during the year, have continued
to render without interruption their zealous and efficient services to
the entire satisfaction of the Superintendent, and in such a manner,
it is believed, as will warrant your commendation, and the approba-
tion of the community by whose liberality the Institution is sustained.
With one exception they remain the same as those engaged last ses-
ssion. William M. Young, a graduate of the Institution, who was
employed temporarily at a small compensation to instruct an irregu-
lar class, terminated his engagement and left us at the close of the
term.



13

In the officers of the domestic department of the Institution tvro
important changes have been msde. Dr. Livingston Dunhip, for
many years our physician, and Wm. R. Hogshire, for five years our
Steward, have been superceded by the appointment of Dr. P. H. Jame-
son to the place of the former, and William R. Foster to that of
the latter.

Of the persons superceded, I desire to express my high estimation
of the services they have rendered, and my cordial approbation of
the manner in which they have conducted themselves while in office
under me.

Dr. Jameson and Mr. Foster entered upon the discharge of their
duties t]\e first of last month; and they have, and, I have no doubt,
will continue to discharo-e them, with honor to themselves and nrofii
to the Institution. Experience in the use of our peculiar method of
communication, which they in time will gain, will render them fully
equal to their predecessors in office. They have already given evi-
dence in their new positions of an intelligence and zeal which gives
promise of entire success.

The financial affairs of the Institution, I am happy to state, are in
a favorable and satisfactory condition. Strict economy has been ex-
ercised in all the disbursements, and the funds placed at our disposal
used to the best advantage. The appropriations made by the Legis-
lature have been strictly applied according to the terms on which
they were granted, and have proved sufficient to accomplish the pur-
poses for which they were intended.

The following general statement will exhibit the exact condition of
the funds at the present date according to the books of the Institu-
tion. There is, we are aware, as there always will be, an apparent,
though not real, yet unavoidable discrepancy between our annual
statement of account and that of the Auditor, resulting from our
method of disbursement. We pay out no money ; all accounts are
settled by orders of the Board on the Treasury, and we credit our-
selves with all orders issued. It is impossible for us to tell how many
orders issued last year were unpaid at the end of the year, or how
many issued the year before were paid last year. The Auditor's
books, therefore, taking any single year, may show either a greater



14

or a less amount of payments than ours; greater, if orders issued
the previous year were paid in the last, or less, if orders issued the
last year are still unpaid at the close of the year. Our statement
shows the amount of our means within the year from whatever source
derived, and the amount of payments by orders or otherwise, where-
as the Auditor's will show simply the appropriations to our credit
and the amount of warrants issued on our orders which have been
presented within the period named.

RECEIPTS :

Fro)7i Nov. 1st, 1860, to Nov. 1st, 1861.

On account of Current Expenses |34,153 43

On account of Heating Apparatus 15,000 00

On account of Work Shops 3,614 06

On account of Pupils' Clothing 835 32

Amounting to $53,602 81

DISBURSEMENTS :

From Nov. 1st, 1860, to Nov. 1st, 1861.

On account of Current Expenses $27,978 91

On account of Heating Apparatus 10,396 10

On account of Work Shops 3,474 72

On account of Pupils' Clothing. 1,022 91

Amounting to $42,872 64

Balance on hand $10,730 17

From the foregoing statement it will be perceived that the pay-
ments on account of current expenses for the year have slightly ex-
ceeded the appropriation for this purpose ; but this excess will be
more than made up by the amount that is due to this fund from coun-
ties for clothing advanced to indigent pupils. The amount on hand
and available, therefore will be sufficient to defray all ordinary pay-
ments on this account up to the end of the first quarter of the pre-
sent fiscal year, when the annual appropriation will be due at the
Treasury.



15

The specific appropriation to supply the Institution with a steam
heating apparatus has been applied in accordance with the terms of
of the grant. Immediately after the adjournment of the Legislature,
measures were taken to carry into effect this much needed improve-
ment. Mr. F. Costigan was appointed Architect, and directed to
prepare plans and specifications for the necessary buildings. Con-
tracts were entered into with Miles Greenwood, of Cincinnati, for
the piping, with Dumont & Sinker for the boilers and their attach-
ments, and with Jacob Rubush and others for the erection of the
boiler-house and smoke-stack, and the work was commenced as early
in the season as was practicable. The unusually low price of mate-
rial and labor, and a fair competition, enabled us to make contracts
with responsible and skillful workmen at extremely low rates ; and
thus we have secured the construction of a more extensive and com-
plete apparatus than we at first supposed possible with the means
placed at our disposal. It embraces not only a thorough system of
heating and ventilating the school-rooms and chapel, dining-rooms
and study-rooms, halls and domatories, public ofiices and parlors,
and private rooms of officers, teachers and domestics, but also an
abundant supply of hot and cold water for all needed purposes, and
an arrangement with all the necessary conveniences for washing and
drying the clothing of the pupils by steam. "VYe are permitted,
therefore, to congratulate ourselves not only upon the extremely
favorable terms upon which the work has been done, but also upon
the amount and completeness of the apparatus constructed. We
doubt if there ever has been a steam-heating apparatus of the same
kind and extent, made in this country more perfect or at a less cost.

Our design in the outset was to have the whole completed by the
time the cold weather should make a fire necessary in the fall ; and
the contracts were made binding upon the workmen to have it done
in time. But the removal of the old furnaces, and the alterations
required in the flues and other parts of the buildings, together with
some unavoidable delays in getting material, and the necessary wait-
ing of some parts of the work for others, caused a protraction of the
job later in the season than was agreed upon, or than was pleasant.
However, favored with warm weather beyond what is usual, we suc-
ceeded in getting the apparatus so far in operation as to avoid any
except a slight inconvenience from cold to the inmates for a few days
only. Early in October it was brought into use throughout the chief



16

parts of the establishment. Since then the workmen have been en-
gaged until recently in adjusting and perfecting the machinery. It
is now finished, and seems to be admirably adapted to the purpose
for which it was designed. And although there has not been suffi-
cient time to test it fully, and consequently we are not prepared to
pass a final judgment upon it, yet we are persuaded that it will, on
trial, fulfill our highest anticipations of it.

Our afi'reements with the contractors were made conditional upon
the retention by the Board of twenty per cent, of the price of the
work as a guarantee for the faithful completion and satisfactory opera-
tion of the parts of the job severally contracted to be done by them.
All have finished their contracts, and the work of some of them has
been approved and accepted, and they have been paid in full. From
others the twenty per cent, has been withheld until we have had a
fair opportunity of proving their work.

There have been paid out of the appropriation, on account of this
improvement, §10,396 10, and there remain on hand at this date,
S4,603 90 unexpended. Notwithstanding a final settlement with
some of the contractors has not yet been consummated, nevertheless
the business of closing the accounts is in such a state of forwardness
as will justify us in assuring the Board that the above balance will be
amply sufficient to discharge every just claim against the Institution
for this improvement.

The manual labor department of the Institution, though incidental,
yet a very important feature of the system of training in use for
our pupils, has received its due proportion of solicitude and attention.
Our labors in this field the last year have been but a repetition of
their successful prosecution in former years.

The farm and garden belonging to the Institution have been as
well managed and as productive as ever before.

The work-shops have been usefully and profitably conducted. The
receipts from the sale of articles manufactured in them have more
than paid all expenses of their management, including instruction,
stock and tools. The boys engaged in learning trades have cheer-
fully and diligently devoted the time allotted to these pursuits.



17

Generally they have shown a proper appreciation of the advantages
afforded them ; and have made improvement, it is believed, equal to
that of any other apprentices under similar circumstances. The
foremen in each of the shops are skillful workmen, and faithfully and
assiduously devote their time and energies to the promotion of the
best interests of their respective charges.

The female pupils, under the judicious management of the Matron
and Assistant Matron, have given a portion of time each day to
sewing, knitting, and such other domestic duties as will best fit them
for filling their places in society with advantage.

As the ncAv Treasury law which went into effect about the middle
of last session prohibited the Treasurer from paying out any money
for any purpose, except by virtue of an appropriation by the Legis-
lature, and as the last Legislature omitted to appropriate the funds
realized from the business of the shops, to the Institution for their
support, the Board were compelled, in order to sustain this important
part of their charge, to retain this money within their own control,
and to use it for this purpose as occasion required. Previously to
this enactment, all the cash received from the shops was paid over to
the Treasurer, and was placed to our credit, and was drawn out on
the order of the Board as it was needed to defray the expenses of
this department. Since the new law has been put in force this money
has been paid over, from time to time as it has been realized, to the
Superintendent, and held by him, under bonds, subject to the order
of the Board; and except on their order none of it is allowed to be
used for any object whatever. All the expenses of the shops are
charged to this fund, and the bills, the same as other accounts, are
audited by the Trustees, and when allowed are paid from this source.
Therefore our statement of this account this year will differ from
that of the Treasurer, as ours embraces the receipts and disburse-
ments of the whole year, while his will include only the transactions
of this kind up to March last. The above statement will, it is be-
lieved, be a satisfactory explanation of the difference.

It will appear in the statement of account for pupils' clothing that

the payments have exceeded the receipts from counties, $187 59.

The explanation of this is, that the payments embrace those for the

whole year ; whereas the receipts only include those up to the first of
2— D. & D.



18

last April, when a settlement was made with the Treasurer. The
clothing purchased since then for indigent pupils, to the credit of
which the Institution by law is entitled, whenever the bills shall be
rendered, will more than balance this account. By a reference to
the law on this subject it will be seen that the superintendent is re-
quired to supply those of the pupils whose parents or guardians are
not able, or who neglect to furnish them, with comfortable clothing ;
and to charge the same to the counties from which such pupils are
sent. The payments for these clothes are advanced out of the cur-
rent expense fund, and the bills are presented to the State Treasurer,
who is required to charge them to the respective counties, and to
place the amount to the credit of the current expense fund of the
Institution. r

The usual number of newspapers and periodicals have been con-
tributed to the Institution the last year, a list of which, with the
names of the editors and proprietors, will be found in the appendix.
In behalf of the pupils we assure the donors that their gifts are
thankfully received, and highly prized, and respectfully ask a con-
tinuation of the favor.

With these statements of the condition of the Institution, I most
cordially and earnestly commend it to the fostering care of the Board,
to the continued favor and patronage of the community, and to the
generous support of the friends of humanity throughout the State.

All of which is respectfully submitted,

THOMAS MAC INTIRE,

Superintendent,
Institution for the Deaf and Dumb, 1
Indianapolis, November 1, 1861. /



APPENDIX.



CATALOGUE.



Catalogue of Pupils in the Institution from October 31sf, 1860, to

November Ist^ 1861.




Acres, Charles



A



Perlina



gnas,
Aldrich, James B . . . . ,

Allen, Lucretia ,

Anderson, Esther A.
Anderson, Martha...

Arnot, John M

Armstrons:, Ellen L..



Atkinson, David G.



Augustin, Michael....

Baldwin, Patsv

Bagerman, Frederick

Barmberg, Amel

Barnefihr, John F

Berryman, John

Brantley, Charles C.

Brown, Ezra "VY

Brown, James D

Brown, Andrew

Brown, Charles W....

Bates, William E

Brady. George

Broker, David



Barnes, Anna

Bishop, Benjamin F,
Bussord, Ursula



Transville | Tippecanoe.

Frankfort Clinton.

Mount iEtna Huntington.

Jordan Randolph.

Spring Hill | Decatur.

Lebanon ' Boone.

Delphi \ Carroll.

Indianapolis Marion.

Delphi Carroll.

Marion Ripley,

Ogden Henry.

Oak Station Knox.

Black Hawk Posey.

Hall Ripley.

Peru Miami.

Mt. A^ernon Posey.

Connersville Fayette.

Folda I Spencer.

Augusta Marion.

Greencastle : Putnam.

Warsaw Kosciusko.

Indianapolis I Marion.

Clarkshill Tippecanoe.

Logansport ' Cass.

New Brunswick Boone.

Bedford Lawrence.



22



CATALOGUE OF PUPILS— Continued.




Butler, Marcus B

Boden, August ,

Carroll, William L....
Callicotte, Mary A.,,

Cary, Anna

Callison, Polina S

Calloway, Mary E

Chapman, Sarah E. ..
Chapman, Nancy J...

Clark, B.F

Cline, Caroline

Cornelison, Rachel...,

Cole, Francis M

Corwin, Wm. R ,

Cripe, Jacob

Compton, Amanda E
Cromwell, Eliza C...

Cross, Olive A ,

Cross, Jasper J

Curtis, Charles ,

Cutler, Laura H

Curry, Allen W

Darghan, Ellen ,

Davis, Greer W

Davis, Sarah A ,

Dean, John F

De Camp, Mary J. ...
Dillman, Polly Ann.,

Edens, Mahlon ,

Eldred, Aurilla ,

Eldred, James ,

Ellis, Elizabeth ,

Enochs, James T

Etter, Andrew

Fairfield, Clarinda...

Fisher Wright C

Fisher, John H

Free, Cyrus

Freeman, Thomas J.,
Frybarger, George...

Fuller, Jacob

Ganson, Abigail K..,
Ganson, Frederick...,




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