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Documentary journal of Indiana 1874 (Volume Part I) online

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Message of the Governor





Begun January 7th, 1875.

:pj^:r.t I

SBKTiyZL CoiiPA>-r, Pbikters.


StTtE library,:

- T r T ■»■ ■



1. Governor's Message.

2. Report of Pardons, Commutations and Reprieves, etc

3. Report of Adjutant General.

4. Report of Quarter- Master General.

5. Report of Revision of Swamp Land Records and Files.

6. Report of Secretary of State.

7. Report of Auditor of State.

8. Report of Treasurer of State.

9. Report of Attorney General.

10. Report of Librarian of State.

11. Report of State Geologist.

12. Report of State Board of Agriculture.

13. Report ol Horticultural Society,







Forty-Ninth Regular Session.










Gentlemen of the Senate and House of Bepresentatives :

During the two years since the last meeting of the Legislature, the
people of Indiana have been blessed in a special degree with general
health and bountiful harvests and I again invoke the continuance
of a kind Providence over them.


The assessed value of the taxable property of the State in 1874
was $954,857,475, which was an increase of more than three hun-
dred million dollars since 1872. That increase In the assessment
was attributable in part to the increase of values in the State ; but
it was largely caused by the operation of the revenue act passed at
the special session of the last Legislature. That act required that
taxable property should be assessed at its value " estimated at the
fair price it would bring at a fair, voluntary sale." Prior laws had
required assessments to be made upon cash values, but long admin-
istrative construction and usage had allowed a much lower valua-
tion. By the exercise of a diligent supervision the Auditor of State
was able to advance the valuations in the spirit as well as in accord-
ance with the letter of the law. The appraisement at the fair value
fixes a plain rule, which is easily understood and which excludes
all discretion, defeats favoritism and partiality, and promotes equal-
ity and justice towards all. The law also constituted the Governor^
Lieutenant Governor, Secretary of State, Auditor of State and Treas-
urer of State a Board of Ec|ualizati()n, with power to assess the
property and stock of corporations, including railroad companies.
With care and great labor the Board sought to make the valuations

so that the assessments should be just to the people and fair towards
the railroads. The action of the Board increased the assessment of
railroad property in the State from about $11,000,000 in 1872 to
nearly $40,000,000 in 1874.

There are two hundred and sixty-five thousand persons in the
State who are subject to a personal or poll tax of fifty cents each.
The assessments of property, amounting to nearly $955,000,000,
and the personal or poll tax, constitute our important sources of
revenue. In estimating what may be realized at any proposed rate
•of levy, experience has shown that a deduction must be made of
twenty per cent, for delinquencies. When you shall have decided
what appropriations of the public moneys you will make for each of
the next two years it will be of easy calculation what tax levy must
be made to supply the State Treasury. A low levy must be pre-
ceded by economy in the appropriations. This I urge respectfully,
but very earnestly.

The appropriations must be sufficient to enable each department
of the State Government to exercise its functions without hindrance
or delay. Thus far there is no question or discretion. So, also, the
common schools, the benevolent institutions, and the public safety
must be sufficiently provided for. But the expenditures for these
purposes should be made with rigid economy and with a view to
substantial and permanent benefits. Will you allow me to suggest
that it would be appreciated by the people should your reforms
commence with a reduction in Legislative expenditures. It would
be an assurance to them which would promote public confidence and
give to your proceedings an additional moral weight. At the session
of 1871, the miscellaneous expenditures exceeded the pay of the
members ; and at the last special and regular sessions that class of
■expenditures was still greater, being about $960 per day, though it
•did not exceed the pay of the members, which had been increased
for the regular session. I suggest the propriety of a revision of the
act of December 23, 1872, which prescribes the number and classi-
fication of your employes, with a view to a further reduction.


There was in the Treasury March 1, 1873, $169,633 90

From that day until the close of the year ending-
October 31, 1873, there was received for State

purposes from all sources |438,191 14

During the year ending October 31, 1874, there was

received for State purposes 893,091 97

During the last session of the Legislature it became apparent that
the revenue would be inadequate to meet the ordinary expenses of
the State. Provision had also to be made for the one hundred and
ninety-one old bonds, as required by the act of December 12, 1872.
In that condition of the Finances the act of March 10, 1873, was
passed authorizing the Governor, Auditor and Treasurer of State to
make temporary loans to meet the appropriations. Pursuant to
that act temporary loans were made as follows :

At 8 per cent, due March 12, 1875 .§200,000 00

At 7 percent, due April 15, 1776 510,000 00

At 8 per cent, due December 1, 1876 200,000 00

Total revenue for State purposes received during the
two years ending October 31, 1874, including the
temporary loans and the amount in the Treasury
March 1, 1873 2,410,917 01

During the same period there was received on account of the
Benevolent Institutions, $68,584.69. This sum was realized from
the labor of the inmates and from individuals and counties pursuant
to law.
At the close of the year ending October 31, 1874,

there was in the Treasury $244,203 78

The payments from the Treasury during the two years ending
October 31, 1874, for revenue refunded, for ordinary expenditures,
and for the Benevolent Institution amounted to $1,544,316.43.

By the act of December 12, 1872, the Governor, Attorney Gen-
eral, Secretary of State and Treasurer of State were authorized to
" take up and redeem " one hundred and ninety-one old bonds
issued by authority of the State prior to the year 1841, which had
not been surrendered under the adjustment made by the State with

her creditors. Pursuant to that act ninety-seven of the bonds, with
their coupons, have been surrendered and paid, amounting to
$495,487.30. Ninety-four are yet outstanding, a part not having
become due, and the residue not having been presented for pay-

For a more particular description of the bonds and coupons which
have been paid, I refer you to the detailed lists thereof, which
accompany the reports of the Auditor of State for the years 1873
and 1874.

For a statement of the receipts and expenditures on account of
the college, saline, bank tax, surplus revenue, and miscellaneous
funds, I reTer you to the same reports.


The State is indebted as lollows :

Five per cent, certificate, State stock $26,469 99

Two and one half per cent, certificates. State stock... 3,285 13

War loan bonds, six per cent., due 1881 139,000 00

Temporary loan made under act of March 10, 1873,

which I have before mentioned more in detail... 910,000 00
Ninety-four old bonds required to be paid by the act

of December 12, 1872 94,000 00

$1,172,755 12

The accumulated interest upon the ninety-four old bonds should
be added, but I have no means of ascertaining the amount, but the
same will not be large.

The indebtedness of the State to the school fund is evidenced by
five non-negotiable bonds, at six per cent., and amounts to

That is known as the domestic debt.


The permanent school fund of the State is guarded by the pro-
vision of the constitution, which declares that it shall be perpetual
— that it may be increased, but shall never be diminished — and that

the inceme thereof shall be inviolably appropriated to the support
of common schools and to no other purpose whatever.

The fund is made up as follows :

1st. The amount which the State owes it, and which
is evidenced by her non-negotiable bonds bearing
interest at the rate of six per cent $3,904,78t3 21

Additions from fines and other sources 67,197 24

Amount held in the counties, and loaned by the Aud-
itors on mortgage security at eight per cent., and
for the preservation of which the Constitution
makes the counties liable 2,341,267 12

2d. Congressional Township Fund, being the pro-
ceeds of the sales of the school sections 2,295,778 63

Estimated value of 13,453 acres of unsold school

lands 102,293 40

Total permanent fund $8,711,319 60

The interest realized upon the general fund above mentioned is
annually apportioned among the counties according to the enumera-
tion of school children ; but the interest upon the Congressional
Township Fund is not so apportioned. It belongs to the Congres-
sional townships, because the grant of the sixteenth section in each
township was made by the act of Congress providing for the organ-
tiou of the State government, to the " inhabitants of the township
for the use of schools."

During the year 1873, the fund was increased, including the pro-
ceeds of a portion of the lands, but not including the portion of the
Sinking Fund which was distributed, $64,940.96, and during the
year 1874 it was increased from the same sources, $73,792.11.

The revenue realized during the year ending November 15, 1874,
to be used in the support of schools, was as follows :

Interest on permanent fund $ 407,839 19

Derived from school tax 1,013,463 42

Unclaimed witness fees and other sources 72,304 96

Total $1,493,597 57

To this sum is to be added the interest on the Con-
gressional Township Fund $ 172,209 82

And the amount received from local taxation 551,785 74


Six thousand two hundred and sixty-five dollars and four cents-
was not distributed, but remains in the treasury. There has been
received and distributed during the year for the support of schools,

The enumeration of 1874 of children between the ages of six and
twenty-one years, shows the number of 654,364 ; the number
enrolled in the schools is 489,044 ; and the average attendance upon
the schools has been 311,272. Twelve thousand six hundred and
fifty-five teachers have been employed.

The reports of the County Superintendents show a general and
rapid improvement in almost every respect affecting the efficiency
of the schools. The houses and grounds, fixtures and apparatus are
being improved and made more attractive and convenient, and
greater skill and success in the art of teaching and governing the
children are being promoted. The Township and County Institutes
are increasing the efficiency of our school system. Improvement is
the natural result of professional association in the Institutes. The
opinions, practice and experience of the teachers are brought under
examination, and into comparison. The art of teaching is improved
and the profession of the teacher, as it should be, is ennobled and
dignified. I ask your attention to the carefully prepared report of
the Superintendent of Public Instruction. You will find the views-
expressed and the information given important for your careful con-
sidertion in your relation to the schools of the State.

There is no subject to which I could call your attention in respect
to which your responsibility is greater than aiay measure materially
affecting the success and influence of the schools. Your responsi-
bility and mine are too great to allow any important action upon
hastily formed or ill-digested opinions. The guiding sentiment
should be economy in expenditure and efficiency in the system.
Neither should be sacrificed to the other. The school fund is sacred
to a cause of the highest importance, and its waste, or extravagant
use, would be a crime against society. All extra compensation and
discretionary allowances should be prohibited. If, upon careful
consideration and the test of experience, you find that the distin-
guished man who was the late Superintendent of Public Instruction,
and whose recent death the country mourns, made a mistake in
respect to any part of the macliinery of our system, you will correct
the mistake, but in your examination yau will find the great weight
of his opinion in the scales.

He was an economist, a friend of the people and the able cham-
pion of common-school education.

As representatives of the people we have occasion to be proud
of the high character which our educational system maintains,,
and the people will approve the sentiment if you give it expression
in legislation that, in respect to the cause of common-school educa-
ton, we will take no step backwards.


By the act of March 5, 1873, fifteen thousand dollars per annum
of the school revenue was permanently set apart as the Normal
School Fund and appropriated to the su[)port of the Normal School.
The Board of Trustees have contracted au obligation of thirteen
thousand two hundred and ninety dollars to provide for suitably
heating the building. They ask that you will appropriate funds for its
payment. The improvement was important to the institution, and
I recommend that the appropriation be made. I think the school
has been under good management, and that its success has been
equal to the expectation that induced its establishment. In entering
the institution, the students assume an obligation to make a return
for the advantages which they enjoy by teaching in the common
schools. They have thus far been faithful to that duty. The object
of the school is to cultivate teachers in the art and science of their
profession. The beneficial results are already being felt over the
State. The trained teachers influence and improve others with
whom they come in contact in the schools and in the teachers'"
institutes. That influence will be constantly increasing as the grad-
uating classes grow larger. As an important auxiliary to our com-
mon schools it merits your fostering care. Your attention is called
to the reports of the Board of Trustees and of the President of the
faculty, which give a clear and full statement of the condition and
management of the institution, the condition of its finances and the
reasons for the recommendations made by the Board.



During the collegiate years, from June 28, 1872, to June 28,
1874, the State University has received the following revenues :

Endowment Fund $13,500 00

Under the act March 8, 1867 16,000 00

Appropriated February 9, 1873 22,500 00

Appropriated March 10,1873 24,000 00

Appropriated March 10, 1873, for building 20,000 00

Appropriated December 14, 1872, deficiency 8,000 00

From counties, interest on lands sold 2,120 09

From other sources 3,457 62

Amount in treasury June 28, 1872 222 75

Total $109,800 46

Of tiiis sum $90,500 was appropriated and paid from the State

During the same period, the expenditures were $108,613.21, of
which $40,473.46 was for the addition to the college buildings; and
$7,541.16 was for the Owen and Ward cabinets, and $4,800 on the
expenses of the medical department ; and $4,780 in payment upon
loans ; and $1,665 for additions to the library, making $58,806, and
leaving $49,807, the expense of the institution for two years, inde-
pendent of the medical department, or $24,903 per annum.

The number of students in attendance in 1874 was 371. Of these
108 were connected with the medical department in this city, which
department cost the University nothing beyond the $4,800 which I
have mentioned. The entire number of students in the literary
and law departments, including 120 in the preparatory schools and
select course, is 266. The expense of maintaining the institution is
at the rate of $93.62 for each student.

The course of study has been so arranged as to promote the con-
venience and success of students passing from the High Schools into
the University. That is an improvement which will make the
University of much greater advantage to the common and High
Schools of the State.

For a description of the new College building, and a statement of
its uses, and for a statement of the mode in which the institution is
conducted, I refer you to the President's report.



By the Act of Congress of July 2, 1862, the State of Indiana
became entitled to land scrip equal to 30,000 acres for each of her
Senators and Representatives in Congress, for the support and
maintenance of a College, the leading object of which shculd be the
teaching of such " branches of learning as are related to agriculture
and the mechanic arts.'' The College was located in Ti])pecanoe
county, near the city of LaFayette, and on the west bank of the
Wabash. In consideration of a large donation made to the College
by John Purdue, Esq., the Legislature gave it the name and style
of "The Purdue University." The land scrip was sold and the
proceeds invested by the Treasurer of the University in United
States six per cent, bonds. He has also invested the accumulating
interest. He now holds three hundred bonds and $4,690.42 in cur-
rency. The Treasurer's report shows that in 1867 the fund was of
the value in currency of $212,238.50, and that it is now of the value
of $356,502.92, showing an increase of $144,264.42. That consti-
tutes the permanent fund, the proceeds of which only can be used in
support of the University, and the State is liable for its loss or
diminution. By the act of March 6, 1865, the Treasurer is chosen
by the Board of Trustees, and is required to give bond in a sum
not less than $200,000, with sureties to be approved by the Board.
Because of the State's guaranty of the fund the Treasurer's bond
should be required in a sum equal to the fund, including its accu-
mulations, and subject, also, to the approval of the Governor.

For a statement of the improvements and expenditures that have
been made, I refer you to the Treasurer's report. The buildings
are substantial, and the improvement of the surrounding grounds
and the farm have been tastefully and ecomically made. A. C.
Shortridge, Esq., a ^man of ability and good acquirements, and for
many years Superintendent of the schools of Indianapolis, was
chosen President. The professors and teachers were chosen after
careful investigation of their qualifications for their respective posi-
tions. The University was opened for the reception of students on
the 16th of last September. Forty-six students were admitted.
Some were rejected because they lacked preparatory education.

For a full statement of the course of study, and the proposed
management of the University, I refer you to the President's


I have taken much interest in this institution, and have given to
its management all the attention I could bestow. Good faith and
policy require that it be made successful, and to accomplish the
beneficent purpose ot the grant. In the language of the grant it is
intended to ''promote the liberal and practical education of the
industrial classes in the several pursuits and professions of life." It
is the people's university, and I commend it to your watchful and
fostering care.


The executive service of the State properly connected! with- the^
office of the Secretary of State has been administered with fidelity
and ability by that officer. In the discharge of my duties, I have
received valuable assistance from him. His reports give a full and
inteiestiug statement of the transactions of his office.


The Attorney General's report gives a statement of the transactions
of his office, and of the sums collected by him during the two years
ending November 6, 1874, and payments made into the State Treas-
ury, and into the treasuries of the counties. He adjusted claims
against the United States amounting to $182,736.78. Of that sum
$52,869.41 was retained in the United States Treasury for prior
overpayments. His entire collections were $299,884.70..

THE soldiers' ORPHANS' HOME,

The Soldiers' Home was located in Rush county near the town of
Knightstown, and for several years was the home for the disabled
soldiers of Indiana. When the United States had made ample pro-
vision for them, it was converted into an asylum for the orphan
children of deceased soldiers, and became known as the Soldiers^
Orphans' Home. The children are provided for and educated, and
on the 31st day of October, 1874, they numbered two hundred and
ninety. The expenditure from the State Treasury during the year
ending October 31, 1873, was $33,977.98, and for the year ending:
October 31, 1874, was $35,308.36.



The Institute for the Blind is "■ an educational establishment,
having for its object the moral, intellectual, and physical training
of the blind of both sexes." Pupils are received between the ages
of nine and twenty-one years, who are of sound mind and good
moral character. Their boarding and instruction are without
charge, but if clothing is furnished to the indigent the Institute is
re-imbursed by the counties. During the year ending October 31,
1874, one hundred and thirteen pu])ils were in attendance, and dur-
ing that year the expenditures were $38,235.55, and during the year
previous §38,674.29.

For a full statement of the management and condition of the
Institute I refer you to the carefully prepared reports of the
Board of Trustees and of the Superintendent, and the detailed state-
ment of the expenditures. Your attention is also called to their
estimates, and the reasons given for increased appropriations for
repairs, improvements, and enlarging the building.


The Institution for educating the Deaf and Dumb is located at
Indianapolis. Its object is to educate persons of that class between
the ages of ten and twenty-one years, and to make them proficient
in some useful occupation or trade, so as to enable them to pro-
vide for their own support. The number of pupils in attendance
during the year 1874 was three hundred and thirty-four.

The expenditure for the year ending October 31, 1873, was
$70,584.57, and for the year following, $08,960.88. The report
of the Superintendent calls your attention to the important fact
that the increase of deaf mutes in the State is in a ratio exceed-
ing that of the increase of the population. His statement of the
causes, and his array of facts in support thereof are of special
interest. You will find it important to consider with care his sug-
gestions for adequate provision for the large number who can not
now be provided for at the Institute. Considerations of policy,
as well as of humanity, and the requirement of the constitution,
demand that they be so educated, and instructed in useful employ-
ments as to render them self-supporting. Society thereby, in



a large degree, will be relieved of their maintenance, and they
will be made happy in the consciousness of honorable independ-


The Hospital for the Insane is located two miles west of India-
napolis, upon a tract of land of one hundred and sixty acres. Its
object is the treatment of the insane with a view to their restor-
ation, and none are received who are supposed to be incurable.

On the 31st day of October, 1873, there were in the hospital
four hundred and seventy-four patients, and during the following
year three hundred and seventy-three were admitted, and three
hundred and sixty-five were discharged. Of those discharged one

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