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The
Farmer's Handbook



A CONVENIENT REFERENCE BOOK
For All Persons Interested In

General Farming, Fruit Culture, Truck Farm-
ing, Market Gardening, Livestock
Production, Bee Keeping,
Dairying, Etc.



International Correspondence Schools

SCRANTON.PA.



1st Edition, 6th Thousand, 1st Impression



scranton.pa.
International Textbook Company



.16



Copyright, 1912, by

International Textbook Company

All Rights Reserved




24070



PREFACE

This handbook is intended as a book of reference
for general farmers, fruit growers, truck farmers,
market gardeners, hvestock raisers, dairymen, and
in fact all persons interested in the principles and
best modern practices of agriculture. Students
and teachers of agriculture in colleges and public
schools will find it of great value to them in their
work, and suburbanites and city and town dwellers
who have gardens or raise livestock will receive
much help from a study of its pages. While not a
treatise covering the entire subject of agriculture;
it presents facts, data, and information in language
that is clear, concise, and easily-understood, and
with the matter arranged in a manner that makes
the work especially valuable for ready reference.

Among the subjects treated are: Soil improve-
ment, general farm crops, fruit and vegetable cul-
ture, dairying, bee keeping, farm implements and
machinery, as well as a section on farm livestock;
this last includes descriptions of the approved types
and breeds of livestock and the best method for
the feeding and caring of animals in both health and
disease. Although the treatment of some of the



subjects is necessarily brief, the information given
is of the same high order as that contained in the
Instruction Papers of the Agricultural Courses of
the International Correspondence Schools and is in
strict accord with the latest agricultural methods.

This handbook was prepared under the super-
vision of H. O. Sampson, Principal of our School of
Agriculture, assisted by the following Agricultural
Editors, all members of our staff of textbook writers:
J. E. McClintock, S. W. Shoemaker, W. W. Otto.
H. J. Stevens, and E. D. Stivers.

International Correspondence Schools.

November 1, 1912.



NDEX



A

Abscesses, 278.
Aberdeen-Angus cattle, 208.
Abortion in farm livestock,

278.
Acetic acid as medicine for

livestock, 274.
Acid-forming bacteria in milk,

:ns.

phosphates as fertilizer, 34.
Aconite as medicine for live-
stock. Tincture of, 274.
Actinomycosis, 278.
Administration of medicines

to farm livestock, 273.
Aeration, Soil, 47.
Air in soil, 7.
Alfalfa as green manure, 29.

as hay and pasture crop, 77.
Aloes as medicine for live-
stock, 274.
Alsike clover as hay and pas-
ture crop, 75.
American merino sheep, 219.
saddle horses, 181.
trotter horses, 183.
Ammonia, Sulphate of, 31.
water, as medicine for live-
stock, 274.
Ammoniacal copper carbonate

as a fungicide, 91.
Analyses, Misleading method

of stating fertilizer, 37.
Anesthetics, 272.
Anodynes. 272.
Anthrax, 278.

Symptomatic, 279.
Antimony as medicine for
livestock, Butter of, 275.
Antispadmodics, 272.
Apothecaries' fluid measure
table, 381.
weight table, 380.



Apples, Pruning of, 100.
Spraying of. 101.
Varieties of, 93.

Arab horses, 178.

Arithmetical tables, 378.

Arnica as medicine for live-
stock. Tincture of, 274.

Arrangement of home gar-
den. 166.

Arsenate of lead as an insecti-
cide, 89.

Arsenic as medicine for live-
stock, Fowler's solution
of. 274.

Arsenite of lime as an insecti-
cide, 90.

Artichokes, Jerusalem, 84.

Ash in feeds, 239.

Ashes for fertilizer, Wood,
35.

Asparagus, 174.

Astringents, 272.

Avoirdupois weight table,
380.

Avrshire cattle, 201.

Azoturia, 279.



Babcock milk test. The. 321.
Bacon-type swine, 231.
Bacteria in milk, 315.

in milk. Acid-forming, 318.

in milk. Pathogenic, 319.

in soil, 11.
Balanced rations, 243.
Barley, 58.

Treatment of smut on, 59.
Barrenness in farm livestock,

279.
Barrow, Score card for bacon-
type. 289.

Score card for fat-type. 300.
Basic slag for fertilizer. 35.



INDEX



Beam plows, 339.
Bean and pea thrashers, 352.
Beans, 175.

Bee keeping as an industry,
331.
keeping, Locations for, 333.
keeping. Objects of, 331.
keeping. Profits in, 335.
keeping. Time required in,

336.
stings. Treatment for, 337.
Beef animal. List of parts of,
205.
cattle. Breeds of, 205.
-cattle class, 214.
type. Description of, 205.
Bees, Drone, 339.

Parthenogenesis in, 339.
Queen, 337.
Races of honey, 337.
Worker, 338.
Beet lifters, 352.
Beets, 168.

Sugar, 83.
Belgian horses, 188.
Belladonna as medicine for
livestock. Fluid extract
of, 274.
Berkshire swine, 232.
Bermuda grass as hay and

pasture crop, 70.
Bichloride of mercury as
medicine for livestock,
276.
Black quarter, 279.
Blackberries, Pruning of, 146.
Spraying of, 147.
Varieties of, 146.
Blackleg, 279.
Blisters, 273.
Bloat, 284.

Blood as fertilizer. Dried, 31.
Blue grass as hay and pas-
ture crop, Canada, 68.
grass as hay and pasture

crop, Kentucky, 67.
grass as hay and pasture

crop, Texas, 71.
vitriol as medicine for live-
stock, 274.
Boars, Rations for herd, 260.
Boiled milk, 317.



Bone black as fertilizer, 34.
as fertilizer. Dissolved, 34.
as fertiUzer, Raw, 33.
as fertiUzer, Steamed, 34.

Bordeaux mixture as a fungi-
cide, 91.

Boric acid as medicine for
livestock, 275.

Broadcasting seeders, 344.

Brome grass as hay and pas-
ture crop. Smooth, 68.

Brown Swiss cattle, 203.

Buckwheat, 59.

Bunchers, Clover, 348.

Butcher-stock class of cattle,
214.



Cabbage, 169.
Calcium in soil, 10.
Calomel as medicine for live-
stock, 275.
Calves, Veal, 216.
Camphor as medicine for live-
stock. Spirits of, 277.
Canada blue grass as hay and
pasture crop, 68.
field peas as green manure,
27.
Canadian milk standards,

329.
Canners and cutters, 215.
Capillary water in soil, 6.
Carbohydrates in feeds, 240.
Carbolic acid as medicine for

livestock, 275.
Care of farm implements and

machinery, 354.
Carriage-horse class, 193.
Carrots, 83, 170.
Castor oil as medicine for
livestock, 275.
pomace as fertilizer, 33.
Cattle, Aberdeen-Angus, 208.
Ayrshire. 201.
Breeds of beef, 205.
Breeds of dairy, 197.
Breeds for dual-purpose,

211.
Brown Swiss, 203.
class. Beef, 214.
class. Butcher-stock, 214.



INDEX



vii



Cattle, Devon, 211.

Dutch belted, 202.

French Canadian, 203.

Galloway, 209.

Guernsey, 198.

Hereford, 208.

Holstein-Friesian, 200.

Jersey, 198.

manure, 22, 25.

Market classes and grades
of, 212, 213

Polled Durham, 207.

Rations for dairy, 257.

Rations for fattening, 259.

Red polled, 212.

Shorthorn, 206.

Simmethal, 203.

Sussex, 210.

Score card for dairy, 294.

Score card for beef, 295.
Cauliflower, 170.
Celery, 170.
Cerebrospinal meningitis,

280.
Charbon, 278.
Chemical changes in soil, 8.
Cherries, pruning of, 135.

Spraying of, 135,

Varieties of. 131.
Cheshire swine, 236.
Chester white swine, 234.
Cheviot sheep, 225.
Chinch bug on wheat, 55.
Choking in farm livestock,

280.
Cholera, Hog, 283.
Chunk-horse class, 192.
Classification of feeds,

241.
Cleanliness in handling milk,

316.
Cleveland bay horses, 186.
Climate for truck farming,

161.
Clover as hay and pasture
crop, Alsike, 75.

as hay and pasture crop,
Crimson, 76 .

as hay and pasture crop.
Mammoth red, 74.

as hay and pasture crop.
Red. 74.



Clover as hay and pasture
crop. White, 76.
bunchers, 348.
huUers, 353.
Clovers as green manure, 27.
Clydesdale horses, 187.
Coal tar dips, 276.
Colic in farm livestock, 280.
Commercial fertilizer, 30.
Composition of feeds, 238.

of milk, 313.
Constipation in farm live-
stock, 281.
CooUng of milk, 316.
Copper sulphate as medicine

for livestock, 274.
Copperas as medicine for

livestock, 275.
Corn as hay and pasture
crop, Kafir, 73.
binders, 350.
Enemies and diseases of,

66.
grown for silage in dif-
ferent zones of the U.
S., Table of varieties
of, 63.
huskers and shredders,

351.
in U. S., Date of first,
general, and last plant-
ing and harvesting, 64.
pickers, 350.
planters, 345.
Sweet, 175.
Varieties of, 60.
zones in the United States,
61.
Corrosive sublimate as med-
icine for livestock, 276.
Cotswold sheep, 227.
Cotton planters, 345.
Cottonseed meal as ferti-
lizer, 33.
Cough in farm livestock, 281.
Cow, List of parts of, 197.
Cowpeas as green manure,
28.
as hay and pasture crop,
78.
Crimson clover as hay and
pasture crop, 76.



INDEX



Crops for home garden, 165.
from seeding, Table of
time required for matur-
ity of different vege-
table, 366.
Half-hardy vegetable, 174.
Hardy vegetable, 168.
Harvesting of home garden,

167.
Hay and pasture, 66.
Planting of home garden,

167.
Root, 82.
Soiling, 85.

Tender vegetable, 176.
Truck-farm, 16.3.
Cubic measure table, 379.
Cucumbers, 176.
Cultivators, 342.
Culture, Fruit, 89.
Currants, Pruning of, 150.

Varieties of, 149.
Cutters and canners, 215.
type. Description of, 197.



Dairying, 313.
Delaine merino sheep, 220.
Dentrification by tillage, Les-
sening of, 48.
Devon cattle, 211.
Dewberries, Pruning of, 147.
Spraying of, 147.
Varieties of, 146.
Diagnosis of diseases of farm

livestock, 270.
Dips, Coal tar, 276.
Diseases of farm livestock,
264.
of farm livestock. Diagno-
sis of, 270.
of farm livestock, N o n -

transmissible, 267.
of farm livestock. Trans-
missible, 265.
Disk plows. 340.
Distances, Table of, 382.
Distillate oils as insecticide,

91.
Ditches, Construction of
drainage, 15.
for drainage. Open, 15.



Ditches, Locating of drain-
age, 15,
Dorset sheep, 224.
Dosage of medicines for farm

livestock, 273.
Draft-horse class, 190.
Drags, Soil, 342.
Drainage, Beneficial effects
of soil, 13.

Cost of soil, 15.

laterals, 17.

mains, 17.

Open ditches for, 15.

Soil, 13.

submains, 17.
Dried blood as fertilizer, 31.
Drill, Grain, 345.
Drone bees, 339.
Dry measure table, 381.
Dual-purpose type of cattle,

Description of, 211.
Duroc-Jersey swine, 234.
Dutch belted cattle, 202.

E

Eczema, 281.

Epsom salts, as medicine for
Uvestock, 276.

Equipment for market gar-
dening, 156.
for truck farming, 162.

Equivalents, How to find fer-
tiUzer, 39.
Table of data for comput-
ing fertilizer, 40.

Essex swine, 237.

Ewes, Rations for, 262.



Farcy, 281.

Farm implements and ma-
chinerv, Care of, 354.

Uvestock, 178.
Fat in feeds, 240.
Feed, Fodder as, 242.

Hay as. 241.

on value of manure. Influ-
ence of, 23.

Root crops as, 243.

Silage as, 242.

Soiling crops as, 242.

Straw as, 242.



INDEX



Feedstuffs, Table of dry mat-
ter and nutrients in
American, 249.
Feeders and stockers, 215.
Feeding, livestock, 238.

standards, 243.

standards, Wolfif-Lehmann,
245.
Feeds. Ash in, 239.

Carbohydrates in, 249.

Classification of, 241.

Composition of, 238.

Fat in, 240.

Protein in, 239.

Water in, 239.
Fertilizer analysis, mislead-
ing methods of stating,
37.

equivalents,' How to find,
39.

equivalents, Table of data
for computing, 40.

Fish, 32.

laws. State, 36.
Fertilizers, Commercial, 30.

Facts about, 39.

Vegetable potash, 36.
Field peas as hay and pasture

crops, 81
Fish fertilizer, 32.
Fodder as feed, 242.
Foot and mouth disease, 281.

rot, 281.
Foul in foot, 282.
Founder, 282.
French Canadian cattle, 203.

coach horses, 185.
Fruit culture, 89.
Fungicides, 91.
Furrow drains, 16.



Galloway cattle, 209.
Galls, 282.
Gang plows, 340.
Garbage tankage, 32.
Garden, Arrangement of
home, 166.

Crops for home, 165.

Glass for home, 165.

produce. Markets for mar-
ket, 159.



Garden, Site for home,
164.
Size for home, 164.
Soil for home, 164.
Soil improvement for

home, 165.
Tillage for home, 166.
Tools for home, 167.
Gardening, Equipment for
market, 156.
Site for market, 155.
Garget, 282.

Gasoline as medicine for live-
stock, 276.
Gentian root, as medicine for

livestock, 276.
German coach horses, 185.
Gestation table for farm live-
stock, 301.
Gidd, 282.
Glanders, 283.

Gooseberries, Pruning of,
153.
Spraying of, 154.
Varieties of, 152.
Grade in underdrains. Ob-
taining uniform, 21.
Grain binders, 349.
drills, 345.
harvester and thrasher,

350.
headers, 350.
Grapes, pruning of, 122.
Spraying of, 124.
Training of, 122.
Varieties of, 117.
Grasses as hay and pasture

crop, 66.
Grease, 283.
heels, 283.
Green manure, 27.

manure, Alfalfa as, 29.
manure, Canada field peas

as, 27.
manure, Clovers as, 27.
manure, Cowpeas as, 28.
manure. Soybeans as, 28.
manure, Supplying of, 29.
manure. Vetch as, 28.
manure, Weeds as, 27.
manuring. Effects of, 29.
Guernsey cattle, 198.



INDEX



H



Hackney horses, 184.
Hair and wool waste, as fer-
tilizer, 32.
Hampshire sheep, 223.

swine, 238.
Hand as a unit of measure-
ment, 178.
Harrowing, 51.
Harrows. 340.

Harvesting of corn, Table of
f]rst, general, and last
planting and, 64.

of home garden crops, 167.
Hay and pasture crops, 66.

as feed, 241.

loaders, 349.

rakes, 348.

stackers, 348.

tedders, 349.
Heaves, 283.
Hellebore as an insecticide,

90.
Hereford cattle, 208.
Hessian fly. Combating of, 55.
Hog cholera, 283.

List of parts of, 230.

manure. Care of, 25.
Hogs, Rations for bacon, 260.

Rations for fattening. 250.
Holstein-Friesian cattle. 200.
Honey bees. Races of, 337.
Hoof and horn meal, 32.
Hoose. 284.

Horn and hoof meal. 32.
Horse class. Carriage-, 193.

class. Chunk-, 192.

class. Draft, 190.

class. Road. 194.

class, Saddle,- 195.

class. Wagon-, 192.

List of parts of, 179.

manure, 21.

manure. Care of, 25.
Horses, American saddle, 181.

American trotter, 183.

Arab, 178.

Belgian, 188.

Breeds of, 178.

Cleveland bay, 186.

Clydesdale, 187.

French coach, 185.



Horses, German coach, 185.
Hackney, 184.
Market classes of, 189.
Morgan, 182.
Orloff trotter, 184.
Percheron, 186.
Rations for draft, 255.
Rations for driving, 255.
Rations for saddle, 256.
Score card for heavy mar-
ket, 289.
Score card for light mar-
ket, 292.
Shire, 188.
Suffolk, 189.
Table of market classes of,

191. «
Thoroughbred, 180.
Yorkshire coach, 186.
Hoven, 284.
Humus in soil, 10.
Hydrometer readings. Table
of comparison of Baum6
and specific gravity,
366.
Hydrostatic water in soil. 6.
Hygroscopic water in soil, 6.



Implements and machinery.
Care of farm, 354.
and machinery. Farm, 339.

Improvement, Soil, 13.

Indigestion, in farm live-
stock, 285.

Inorganic ingredients of
soil, 1.

Insecticides for fruit plants,
89.

Intestinal worms, 285.

Iodine, as medicine for live-
stock. Tincture of, 276.

Italian rye grass as hay and
pasture crop, 70.



Jamaica ginger, as medicine
for livestock, 276.

Jerusalem artichokes, 84.

Jersey cattle, 198.

Johnson grass as hay and
pasture crop, 70.



INDEX



Kafir com as hay and pasture
crop, 73.

Kainite as fertilizer, 35.

Kentucky blue grass as hay
and pasture crop, 67

Kerosene as medicine for live-
stock, 276.

Kerosene emulsion as an in-
secticide, 91.

Kohlrabi, 83.



Lambs, Rations for, 263.
Lard-type swine, 231.
Large Yorkshire swine, 237.
Laterals, Distance between

drainage, 18.
Laudanum as a medicine

for livestock, 277.
Leather meal as fertilizer,

33.
Legal weights per bushel.

Table of, 368-377.
Legumes as hay and pasture

crops, 73.
Leicester sheep, 226.
Lettuce, 171.

Lice in farm livestock, 28.5.
Lime, Methods of determining
if soils need, 42.
on soils. Effect of, 41.
sulphur as a fungicide, 92.
sulphur as an insecticide,

90.
to soil. Application of, 44.
to soil. When to apply, 46.
water as medicine for live-
stock, 277.
Liming of soils, 41.
Lincoln sheep, 226.
Linear measiire table, 378.
Linseed meal as fertilizer, 33.
oil as r-^dicine for live-
stock, Riw, 277.
Liquid measure table, 381.
List of market classes of
sheep, 229.
of parts of beef animal, 205.
of parts of dairy animal,

197.
of parts of hog, 230.



List of parts of horse, 179.

of parts of sheep, 217.
Listers, Com, 346.
Livestock, Administration
of medicines to farm,
273.
Diagnosis of diseases of

farm, 270.
Diseases of farm, 265.
Dosage of medicines for

farm, 273.
Farm, 178.
feeding, 238.
Gestation table for farm,

301.
Medicines for farm, 272.
Non-transmis.ible diseases

of farm, 266.
Sanitation of farm, 267.
Transmissible diseases of
. farm, 265.
Location for bee-keeping, 333.
Location for truck farm, 160.
Lockjaw, 288.

London purple as an insect-
icide. 90.
Long ton weight table, 380.
Lump jaw, 278.

M

Machinery and implements,

Farm, 339.
Machines and implements.

Care of farm, 354.
Maggots in farm livestock,

285.
Mammoth red clover as hay

and pasture crop, 74.
Mange, 285.
Mangel wurzels, 82.
Manure, Alfalfa as green, 29.
Canada field peas as green,

27.
Care of cattle, 25.
Care of hog, 25.
Care of horse, 25.
Care of poultry, 26.
Care of sheep 26.
Cattle, 22.
Clovers as green, 27.
Cowpeas as green, 28.
Green. 27.



INDEX



Manure, Horse, 21.

Influence of feed on value

of, 23.
Poultrv, 23.
Sheep,' 23.

Soybeans as green, 28.
Spreaders, 353.
Stable, 21.
Swine, 23.
Vetch as green, 28.
Mares, Rations for, 256.
Market classes of cattle, 212,
213.
classes of horses, 189.
classes of sheep, 228.
garden produce. Markets

for, 159.
gardening. Equipment for,

156.
gardening, Site for, 155.
Markets for market - garden

produce, 159.
Meadow fescue as hay and
pasture crop, 69.
foxtail as hay and pasture
crop, 67.
Meal as fertilizer, Hoof and
horn, 32.
as fertilizer. Leather,, 33.
as fertilizer. Linseed, 33.
Measures of extension, 378.

of volume, 383.
Medicine to farm livestock.
Administration of, 273.
for farm livestock, 272.
for farm livestock. Dosage
of, 273.
Meningitis, Cerebrospinal,

280.
Mercury as medicine for
livestock. Bichloride of,
276.
Metric equivalents, 381.
Milk, Acid-forming bacteria
in. 318.
Bacteria in, 315.
Boiled, 317.
Cleanliness in handling,

316.
constituents, 313.
Cooling of, 316.
fever, 286.



Milk, Odors in, 320.
Pasteurized, 317.
Pathogenic bacteria in,

319.
regulations. City, 327.
standard, Canadian, 329.
standards, State, 327.
standards. United States,

325.
vStoring of, 316.
test, The Babcock, 321.
Testing of, .321.
Use of preservatives in,

317.
Weighing of, 321.
Milkers and springers, 217.
Millets as hay and pasture

crop, 71.
Minerals in soil, 8.
Miscible oil as an insecticide,

90.
Misleading methods of stat-
ing fertilizer analyses,
37.
Morgan horses, 182.
Mowers, 317.
Mule-foot swine, 235.
Muriate of potash as fertili-
zer, 35.
Mutton sheep, 218.

N

Navel ill, 286.

Nitrate of soda as fertilizer,

30.
Nitrogen in soil, 9.
Non-transmissible diseases of

farm livestock, 267.
Nutritive ratio, 244.

O

Oat grass as hay and pasture
crop. Tall, 69.

smut, Treatment of, 58.
Oats, 56.

Varieties of, 57.
Objects of bee keeping. 331.
Odors in milk. 320.
Onions, 172.

Orchard grass as hay and
pasture crop, 68, 69.



INDEX



Organic ingredients of soil, 1.
Orloflf trotter horses, 184.
Oxford down sheep, 223.



Paris green as an insecticide,

89.
Parsnips, 84, 173.
Parthenogenesis in bees, 339.
Pasteurized milk, 317.
Pasture crops. Hay and, 66.
Pathogenic bacteria in milk,

319.
Peaches, Pruning of, 107.
Spraying of, 109.
Varieties of, 103.
Pears, Pruning of, 115.
Spraying of, 115.
Varieties of, 110.
Peas, 172.

Percheron horses, 186.
Perennial rye grass as hay

and pasture crop, 70.
Phosphates as fertilizer. Acid,
34.
as fertilizer. Rock, 34.
Phosphorus in soil, 9.
Pigs, Rations for, 259.
Plant food in soil, 9.
Planters, Corn, 345.
Cotton, 345.
Potato, 346.
Seedling, 347.
Planting and harvesting of
corn, Table of first,
general, and last, 64.
and harvesting of wheat.
Table of first, general,
and last, 54.
of home garden crops, 167.
Plants required to set an acre
of ground at given dis-
tance. Table of number
of, 363.
Plowing, 49.
Plows, Beam, 339.
Disk, 340.
Gang, 340.
Subsoil, 340.
Sulky, 340.
Walking, 339.
Plums, pruning of, 130



Plums, Spraying of, 131.

Varieties of, 126.
Poland-China swine, 233.
Polled Durham cattle. 207.
Potash as fertilizer. Muriate
of, 35.

as fertilizer. Sulphate of,
36.

as fertilizer. Vegetable, 36.

as medicine for live-stock.
Nitrate of, 277.
Potassium in soil, 10.

sulphide as a fungicide,
92.
Potato diggers, 351.

planters, 346.
Potatoes, 81, 176.

Enemies and diseases of,
83

Varieties of, 82.
Poultry manure, 23.

manure, Care of, 26.
Preservatives in milk. Use

of, 317.
Profits in bee keeping, 335.
Protein in feeds, 239.
Pruning of apples, 100.

of blackberries, 146.

of cherries, 135.

of currants, 150.

of dewberries, 147.

of gooseberries, 153.

of grapes, 122.

of peaches, 107.

of pears, 115.

of plums, 130.

of quinces, 138.

of ra.spberries, 145.
Pumace as fertilizer. Castor,
33.



Quack grass as hay and pas-
ture crop, 71.
Quarter crack, 286.
Queen bees, 337.
Quinces, Pruning of, 138.
Spraying of, 138.
Varieties of, 136.
Quinine as a medicine for
livestock, 277.



INDEX



Rabies. 287.

Races of honey bees, 337.

Rachitis, 287.

Radishes, 173,

Rambouillet sheep, 221.

Raspberries, Pruning of, 145.

Spraying of, 147.

Varieties of, 143.
Ratio, Nutritive, 244.
Ration for draft horses, 255.

for stallion, 257.
Rations, Balanced, 243,

for bacon hogs, 260.

for brood sows, 261.

for dairy cattle, 257.

for driving horses, 256.

for ewes, 262.

for fattening cattle, 259.

for fattening hogs, 260.

for herd boars, 260.

for lambs, 263.

for mares, 256.

for pigs, 259.

for saddle horses, 256.
Raw bone as fertilizer, 33.
Reaper, Self -rake, 350.
Red clover as hay and pas-
ture crop, 74.

polled cattle, 212.

top as hay and pasture
crop, 67.
Rheumatism, 287.
Rhubarb, 16S.
Rickets, 287.
Ringworm, 287.
Road-horse class, 194.
Rock phosphates as fertil-
izer, 34.
Rollers, 341.
Rolling, 50.
Root crops, 82.

crops as feed, 2-:'3.
Rutabagas, 83.
Rye, 59.

grass, as hay and pasture
crop, 70.
S
Saddle-horse class, 195.
Saltpeter as medicine for
livestock, 277.



Sand crack, 286.

Sanitation for farm livestock,

267.
Scab, Sheep, 285.
Scabies in sheep, 286.
Score card for bacon-type
barrows, 289.
card for dairy cattle, 294.
card for fat-type barrows,

300.
card for heavy market

horses, 289.
card for light market

horses, 292.
card for market beef cat-
tle, 295.
card for mutton sheep, 296.
card for wool sheep, 298.
Scours, 288.
Scratches, 283.

Seed mixtures for meadows,
362.
mixtures for pastures, 362.
required per acre. Table
of quantity of, 359.
Seeders, Broadcasting, 344.
Seedling planters, 347.
Seeds to germinate. Table of
average time required
for garden, 366.
Self -boiled lime -sulphur as a
fungicide, 92.
rake reaper, 350.
Sheep, American merino, 219.
Breeds of, 217.
Cheviot, 225.
Cotswold, 227.
Delaine merino, 220.
Dorset, 224.
Hampshire, 223.
Leicester, 226.
Lincoln, 226.
List of parts of, 217.
manure, 23.
manure. Care of, 26.
Market classes of, 228.
Mutton, 218.
Oxford down, 223.
Rambouillet, 221.
Score carB for mutton,

296.
Score card for wool, 298.



INDEX



Sheep, Shropshire, 222.

Southdown, 221.

Suffolk, 225.

Wool, 218.
Shire horses, 188.
Shorthorn cattle, 206.
Shropshire sheep, 222.
Silage as feed, 242.
Simmenthal cattle, 203.
Site for home garden, 164.

for market gardening, 155.
Size of home garden, 164.
Slag as fertilizer. Basic, 35.
Small Yorkshire swine, 236.
Smooth brome grass as hay

and pasture crop, 68.
Smut on barley, Treatment
of, 59.

on wheat. Treatment of
loose, 53.

on wheat. Treatment of
stinking, 53.

Treatment of oat, 58.
Soda as fertilizer, Nitrate of,

30.
Soil aeration, 47.

Air in, 7.

Bacteria in, 11.

by tillage. Mellowing of,
48.

by tillage, Pulverization
of, 46.

Chemical changes in, 8.

Classes of water in, 6.

Color of, 5.

drainage, 13.

Effect of sunshine on
plowed, 47.

for home garden, 164.

improvement, 13.

improvement for home gar-
den, 165.

by tillage. Increase of water-
holding capacity of, 47.

Inorganic ingredients of, 1.

Minerals in, 8.

Movement of water in, 6.

Need of water in, 5.

Organic ingredients of, 2.

particles, Size of, 1.

Plant food in, 9.

Properties of, 1.



Soil temperature, 7.

Types of, 2.

Weight of, 4.

When to apply lime to, 46.
Soiling crops, 85.

crops as feed, 242.

systems, Tables of, 86-88.



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