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GEMS FROM THE TALMUD.



GEMS



FROM



THE TALMUD,



Granelateo into JEnglfsb Vevee,



BY



Rev. ISIDORE MYERS, B.A.



in the Talmud told,

That book of gems, that book of gold,
Of wonders many and manifold.

Long fellotu.



» y ■» ' ,




«JA£)VSyr-



New York : G. P. PUTNAM'S SONS.
London: SIMPKIN, MARSHALL & CO., LTD.

1894.

[All Rights Reserved.]



J/fi-M^ t




cs



■ ii i



t i «



t . i ,



' . c *



• • • •

• • * * < * «











MA I A)

REVERENTLY AND AFFECTIONATELY

2Detricattt>



TO



MY DEAR FATHER



442817



PREFACE.



The Hebrew passages, selected, with few excep-
tions, from the Babylonian Talmud, have been
carefully pointed, and the references are given
both in Hebrew and in English characters.

As regards the metrical translations, which
constitute the chief novel feature of this book,
many of them first appeared some years ago
in the Melbourne Jewish Herald, some in the
same, some in a modified form ; all the others
were composed more recently in England, at
various times and in different places. The idea
of having these verses published was frequently
suggested to me by many who were present at
my lectures on the Talmud, a course of which I
have had the honour to deliver in London and
in the Provinces.

It has been my endeavour, as far as possible
to make the translations literal, and, where it



Vlll . PREFACE.

has been necessary to paraphrase, I have tried
to preserve the full sense of the original.

The sentences have been arranged in some
order according to the subjects they treat of, and
an Alphabetical Index at the end of the book
should be found useful.

My best thanks are due and are hereby con-
veyed to all friends, Jewish and Christian, who
have kindly given me useful hints and sugges-
tions, or have in other ways encouraged me in
my work. More especially am I indebted to a
gentleman whose extreme modesty forbids me to
name him here openly, but whose valuable ser-
vices impel me to thank him most cordially.

In offering to the public as specimens a few

out of the numerous jewels of Rabbinic thought

found in the vast Talmudic store-house, not to

mention the other rich treasuries of Rabbinical

Literature, it is my sincere hope that these

" Gems from the Talmud," though differing in

beauty and lustre, will all prove valuable and

acceptable.

I. M.

London, December, 1893.






ft - * A * '



• T— •T~" ••••

• « • •



(F> f> pbv?)



" The words of the Wise are as goads,
And as nails that are firmly fastened
Are the words of Collectors of Sayings."

{Ecclesiastes xii. n).



B



GEMS FROM THE TALMUD.






dhdh nfam nn^nn rrrin (i)

•t-: •: t t • : t x/

: dhdh n^an nsiDi

• T "" " • " T

(* 7"' PTO)



npny nbn5?n Wi| (2)



t : t



nom nprprVi (3)

V V T |t t : T w/

: 1 • • |: - : * T

• t t - v ••••-:- •• t : • I ••

C '' 3"3)



fanfe^s msDft nK&nn^ oete (4)

•• t : • - v v - : t - - v •• :

(: '» 3"3)



GEMS FROM THE TALMUD. 3

The Essence of Religion.
(1) All virtues doth beneficence transcend, —
With it the Torah doth begin and end.

(Sot ah 14a).



Charity Superior to Sacrifices.
(2) An act of charity's of greater worth
Than all the sacrificial rites on earth.

(Succah 49^).



Charity and Benevolence our Advocates.
(3) The kindly deeds that we increase,

And all the generous gifts we've given,
Ascend as messengers of peace, —
To plead for us they never cease
Before our Father that's in heaven.



(Baba Bathra \oa).



Charity Atones for the Gentiles.
(4) As Israel's sacrifices once atoned

For sins which were with true repentance owned,

So is the charity of Gentiles sure

For all their sins atonement to procure.

{Baba Bathra 10b).
B2



GEMS FROM THE TALMUD.



tt;t - t J:" •: N






^ npne jniun ^ (6)
♦ rt^Q #tfa Tisna
Dnrrs to$BTj
: rtoia maw wya ^ana

(: 'V 3"3)

nakre^ rwrw pt (7)

v v - : • It t : | •• v ' '

: nap non »l^ kW

t v v v • : t •/

(:u"p coio)



ri^tfti nsSfp-^ nj (Hrnfc (8>

t I : • : v v t ; •

t : t : t Jt t : J -

t I : v : v v t : •

(* '!> 3*3)

n$n$rp m Q^s&n S3 (9)



GEMS FROM THE TALMUD. 5

The Poor.

(5) O let thy house stand open wide,

That in thy home the poor abide !

(Aboth I. 5).



Kind Words to the Poor.
(6) Who gives his mite to one distress'd,
With many blessings shall be bless'd ;
Who gives with words of sympathy,
With twice as many bless'd shall be.

{Baba Bathra gb).



Alms.
(7) All gifts of alms their recompense shall gain
According to the kindness they contain.

{Succah 49$).



The Poor Man's Mite.
(8) As oft by joining scale to scale,
Is made the largest coat-of-mail,
So, added, all the mites you've given
Shall reach a large amount in heaven.

(Baba Bathra ga).



The Uncharitable.
(9) To claims of charity who shuts his eyes,
To idol-worshippers himself allies.

(Kethuboth 68a).



6 GEMS FROM THE TALMUD.







'n onv)



rfcinrrm ^a 'wx& hb (io>

• i DW 'Sttrttf &K3

. t J •• • :



('P '* PUf>)



iWa iS-yjn (u)

| t v : T - T



-♦ th\yz «om D^p Dnn mfew (12)

t^t ::• *l T i *t: t t -; > '

♦ iDfina ^na n^p nn

♦ ijteysa Bfc n#p ^na

• • • "* V I T V J

♦ irriK d*m& D^a ntfp m

■ : - v |t

♦ DHiK D^iD D*M D*tfp D*a

♦ cm-isa nn d*#p d*m

t t- - : - - j T

♦nato spa n^jj on

♦ haw nna n^p epa
♦ free p ntfp nna

♦ innasa m& r\wp (*

♦ D?3tt nK'p njv»i



GEMS FROM THE TALMUD. 7

Neglecting the Sick.
(10) Who fails to tend the sick incurreth guilt

As though by him had human blood been spilt.

{Nedarim \oa).



Give to God.
(n) Give unto Him of that which is His own !
For thou and thine belong to Him alone.

(Aboth III. 8).



Charity the Mightiest Thing on Earth.
(12) There are ten strong things in the world : —
The rock is strong, but iron breaks it ;
The iron's strong, but fire can melt it ;
The fire is strong, water can quench it ;
Water is strong, the clouds absorb it ;
The clouds are strong, the winds disperse them;
The wind is strong, a man withstands it ;
A man is strong, but fear unmans him ;
Man's fear is strong, but wine removes it ;
And wine is strong, but sleep dispels it ;
But stronger than all these is — death !
Yet charity can save from death !

(Baba Bat lira 10a).



8 GEMS FROM THE TALMUD.

?DiNn fo| psn*# nnto TH •rtwit (13)

T T T T ~ : * V T | V V • " > *"



('t> 7"' fnfi)




-" «TgK) "


(i4)


• • •




♦ wrni pun *an na




1 B^imi nan rm pina &k
.. 1 _ .. v: T - 1 _

(: a"Sp wo)





rnnarrSy oman S2 (15)
: wna DmnK-S# ijrna kw wra

• T T T ; - V ^ •- . v - T~

3"5 w*)



nvn|n-Sy bttj^o Si) (16)

•TT" I • T T I • -J " I

• • • •

t wtgrrrfi vSa parr$ pa

f>";p roc)



GEMS FROM THE TALMUD. 9

A Good Heart.
(13) What leads to all the good that man can find ?
A heart that's ^ood to Heav'n and to mankind.

o

{Aboth of R. Nathan XIV. 5).



Honour God by Imitating Him.
(14) You'll then best glorify your heav'nly Sire,
When to resemble Him you will aspire, —
Abounding, like the Merciful above,
In tender mercy and in gracious love.

{Shabbatk 133^).



The True Child of Abraham.
(15) Whosoever on showing compassion is bent,
From the patriarch Abram may claim his
descent.

{Betsa 2,2b).



Only the Merciful shall Receive Mercy.
.(16) Who shows compassion to mankind,
From Heaven shall compassion find ;
But who compassion doth not own,
To him shall none from Heav'n be shown.

{Shabbatk 151^).



10 GEMS FROM THE TALMUD.

-« n#)N| b* nwt? mfat? (17)

• • • 't; - ; . r _. _ T

(• v"v mo>)



(3"' 'b do6)



-pnx- 1 ?^ Ptf^gp ^n (is>
DiSs? sprt-n ciSe> inix
nnan-nx snix

• . - ...



(6"' 03-) f>" 7 )



nairna Kjfcn (i 9 )



13-]? rW?n xw mnx-Sa (20}
♦ n?nx ntaa tn ^a



GEMS FROM THE TALMUD. II

Jewish Characteristics.
(17) By three distinctive signs we trace
The members of the Jewish race : —
A tender heart, self-reverence,
And practical benevolence.

(Yebamoth 79a).



Love of Humanity.
(18) Strive to be of Aaron's true disciples —
Loving and pursuing peace each day,
Ever loving all thy fellow-creatures,
Bringing them beneath religion's sway !

(Aboth I. 12).



Hatred is Murder.
(19) The man that hates his neighbour may be said
To be of those that human blood have shed.

(Derech Eretz Rabba 11).



Love.
(20) When Love upon a motive doth depend,
'Twill with the motive end ;
But when it hath no motive, Love is sure
For ever to endure.

(Aboth V.19).



12 GEMS FROM THE TALMUD.



r\iwn rbteib nnnK (21)
: n^BTi nS&na nwfcn

t - v v - : t : • :

(: o"p '7?:o)



C f>"!> P35)



>% $m (22)

•• : - t I t ; - :



DHxrr^-nx p *n (23)

T T T T V I T •'%•:

('1 '6 JJ13f»)

fprrrHj pn-Sx (24)



i *w P TB 8 ^ (25)

: inx kW w p rx#

tv tv • : I t l •• v

Dixn-Srnx Sspa in (26)

t t t t v •• J - : •• v: N '

i rrtfcj ens nnp?



GEMS FROM THE TALMUD. 1 3

Love and Hate.

(21) When love or hatred sways the heart,
A man will from his rules depart.

{Sanhedrin 105^).

The Golden Rule.

(22) Whatever hateful is to you
Unto your neighbour never do !

{Shabbath 310).



Judge Charitably.
(23) Judge charitably every man,
And justify him all you can !



[Aboth I. 6).



Judge Not.
(24) Judge not your fellow-man's condition
Until you be in his position !



{Aboth u. 5).



Judge Not Alone.
(25) Judge not alone ! for none
Can judge alone save One.



{Aboth IV 10).



Courtesy.
(26) Receive each man, at every meeting,
With affable and friendly greeting !

{Aboth I. 15)



14 GEMS FROM THE TALMUD.



? 13^6 STTK (27)

: ni-narrnx iM»n



( f> '7 PUf>)



0"1> '3 PUf>)



ran niM w (28)

1 • • • * 1

1 •aWa tSu n*nn

I t v : I v t • t



hjn ji^a iiirian (29)
j Nan d^> pSrt iS p*

(• '3 paw 'ory)



eten (8fojJ> iasy ■?♦£# onx 1 ? h nii (30)

• * *

tfa^ hjjj ^ pa'pen ^ (31)

: DW "sr^tf &«a

(: p": p"3)



GEMS FROM THE TALMUD. 1 5

Respect.
(27) Who does respect and honour find ?
Who honours and respects mankind.

(Aboth IV. 1).



A Neighbours Honour.
(28) Thy neighbour's honour e'er be prone
To hold as sacred as thine own !

{Aboth II. 15).



A Neighbour's Shame.
(29) Who gets his honour through his neighbour's
shame,
No share of future bliss can ever claim.

{Jer. Chagiga 2).



Putting to Shame.

(30) In a fiery furnace 'tis better to rush

Than a fellow-man publicly put to the blush.

{Baba Metsia 59a).
# * «=

(31) Who putteth publicly to shame
His fellow-man, incurreth blame

As great as would have been his guilt
If he his neighbour's blood had spilt.

(Baba Metsia 58^).



1 6 GEMS FROM THE TALMUD.



C tfj r>"3)



D*na nnn ♦aa-nx psWi (32)

T - T ^ T I V " I "



(/a '7 ™f>)



inixnS Swrrbtt (33)
1 ^f£j3 *W?



jnn ])&h nsp&n b>3 (34)
: ij*»3 IBS &N3

(: ft yziv)



p nan onnx rhv onaix dk (35)

^ T T T . .. -. J V T • : • \*<*f

I t Jt : I v •• : v : • t

^ T TT ... -. - T ._ T .



GEMS FROM THE TALMUD. \J

Putting to Shame.
(32) Who puts his neighbour publicly to shame
To future bliss shall forfeit all his claim.

(JBaba Metsia 59<z).



A Neighbour's Disgrace.
(33) Seek not to see thy neighbour's face,
If he be still in his disgrace !



{Aboth IV. 23).



Slander.
(34) The man that is to slander given

Denies, in sooth, the God of Heaven.

{Erachin i$b).



Calumny.
(35) If other men have spoken of you ill,

Be still !
The calumny, though great, but little deem !
If you have spoken ill of other men,

Why then,
The calumny, though little, great should seem,
Until you've gained their favour and esteem.

(Derech Eretz Zuta I.).
C



1 8 GEMS FROM THE TALMUD.






C V"? 2 V 3)



(• ?"^ ps)



(: f>"e p"3)



sp5h jto w (36)

|t v ; p T T • T



Dinn Sn n#p (37)
j rea ^3,5 nnv



a$3 fcrjaa? 116 (38)



r*n T^e ! rcwi (39)



GEMS FROM THE TALMUD. 1 9

A Neighbour's Property.
{36^ Thy neighbour's goods be ever prone
To hold as sacred as thine own !

{Aboth II 17).



Honesty.
(37) To rob a mortal 'neath the sky

Is worse than robbing God on high.

(Baba Bathra 88a).



The Receiver Worse than the Thief,
(38) 'Twas not the mouse
Within the house

Committed theft ;
It was the hole
Where what it stole

It brought and left.



{Git t iti 45a).



Usury.
(39) Who lend on usury are like in guilt

To those by whom the blood of men is spilt.

{Baba Metsia 61 b).
C2



20 GEMS FROM THE TALMUD.

xtypp jn T T)55^ 0-^V D ** (40)
nsnn nnto "ran 1 ? nw Dtfi

•• : - t J : •• -: - t » t • :

mE" t^ K'fi ir« (41)

T T T TV



bdti nni^ rtnan wn0 Si (42)

v •• t * : ~ •

♦ ti^pi nnto d^pdh nn
Jiao^n nnu ninsn ryn jw hh)

dix-SdS d tut^ (43)

TT t: T • j - % ««r#

tt t: •:- •: -:

T T J •• V T t 1 : 1 V

('J '7 JlBf>)



GEMS FROM THE TALMUD. 21

Ditty to Ones Neighbours.
(40) The smallest harm regard as great,
The greatest good as little rate,

In deeds which you to others do '
The smallest good as great esteem,
The greatest harm as little deem,
In deeds which others do to you !

{Aboth of R. Nathan XLI. 11).



The Path to Choose.
(41) Which is the path, both right and wise,
That for himself a man should find ?
That which himself much dignifies,
And brings him honour from mankind.



{Aboth II. 1).



Please Man to Please God.

(42) Who gratifies his neighbours' minds,
In him God's Spirit pleasure finds ;
Who fails men's minds to gratify,
Doth fail to please his God on high.

{Aboth III 13).

Contempt.

(43) Despise no man, nor scorn his pow'r !

Nor, carping, cast on aught disgrace !
There's not a man without his hour,
And not a thing without its place.

{Aboth IV. 3).



22 GEMS FROM THE TALMUD.



nnn hxbw xnn zb)]fc (44)

V "*l T * " •

fn rap)



C 1"' p*))



vnna-^y n^sgn Sjd (45)

t t : t - !••-;-



Dniaa^ Tiaa irx (46)



• •



C 'f» fa /t#)



am-an ix (47)
: wjvvo ix



♦*am»i ttk ^sj arwun mk (48)

..-.-. .. - .... TT ._ T - N ■ •

: wna xSi >nx *6 ^ra sag

C 3"5 P3D)



t :



GEMS FROM THE TALMUD. 23

Forbearance.

(44) With your left hand push away !
With your right hand cause to stay !

{Sotah 4.7a).

Forgiveness.

(45) The man by whom his neighbours are forgiven,
Himself sweet pardon shall receive from

Heaven.

{Rosk Hashanah ija).



Turning Foes into Friends.
(46) The name of " Bravest of the Brave,"
On whom should we bestow ?
On him who turns into a friend
His greatest mortal foe.

{Aboth of R. Nathan XXIII. 1).



Friendship.
(47) Or Comrade sweet,
Or Death I'd greet.



{laanith 23a).



Fair- Weather Friends.
(48) At the door of the rich there is many a friend
and a brother ;
At the door of the poor there's neither the
one nor the other.

{Shabbatk 32a).



24 GEMS FROM THE TALMUD.



C M DU13)



haqa chn i&sr^ (49)



; h»T>* Q^ni E^&fi ■» (50)
VI Wh^ fn ion)
* n^rifl ruw ion



(A '7 fl«fi)



fjSttyiik haprr^s (so



^n&rrjft-^ (52)

! Y}pb htsto )m& rwtfa

(ft '7 Wrf)



(V'u> pSw)



&ihpi nra ^-^ d^l, (53)

F V 1 t J -



GEMS FROM THE TALMUD. 25

A Word at Parting.

(49) When from thy friend thou art about to part,

Let some instructive word be spoken ;
That word he'll ever cherish in his heart,
And thee remember by its token.

{Berachoth 31a).

Pray for Others.

(50) Who for his neighbour's sake doth plead

That God to him a gift may send,
If he himself that boon doth need,
Receives that boon before his friend.

[Baba Kama 92a).

Anger.

(51) Seek not thy neighbour to assuage
While still he manifests his rage !

{Aboth IV. 23).



Comforting.
(52) Thy fellow-man to comfort do not try

While still he sees his dead before him lie !

[Aboth IV. 23).



Blessing.
•(53) Another's blessing ne'er despise,

Though looking simple in thine eyes !

(Megillah l$a).



26 GEMS FROM THE TALMUD.

toinn rbhp ^rrSs rb^b (54)

C ri pi)



«»a n^D nwn kts (55)



• T



(: 3"3 |f3)



1 R^p (to *wn *6

T I t •• : T



(: ft fi)



*nnS *o&n (56)

t t : t : - .

t| : t : t •• :



waa din-Se' inns? nspa onai« (57)

tt: tt v :• " |8 " :

: M63 «W fal



t t :



•^vv toi^f? (58)

(: f p p"3)



GEMS FROM THE TALMUD. 27

Curse.

(54) Think never lightly of an imprecation

That's uttered by a man of lowly station !

{Baba Kama 93a).



Ingratitude.
(55) Cast not a stone into the well

Whose water did your thirst dispel !

{Baba Kama g2b).



Misplaced Gratitude.

(56) The master owns the wine of sweetest flavour ;

The butler gets the credit for the favour.

{Baba Kama g2b).



Praise.
(57) Before his face you praise a man
With praises but a few ;
Behind his back praise him with all
The praise that is his due !



{Erubin \%b).



Improving.
(58) Improve thyself- — and then
Improve all other men !



{Baba Metsia 107b).



28 GEMS FROM THE TALMUD.

^W D» (59)
(: irt p"3)

-"D^si^'n fcisfcr wa wr (6o)

• • •

K iw tea DD"p S^"-iS naix

ft 3*3)



inn tnx nn^x (6i)

• T T . #

:dhk yai von nine



**7)



(: « jf3)



— «ian YHj? T^? 13 (62)

| T - : T T •..



rrtnan >t nx^b vw d*tn (63)
: Dip&n tj nron Y'W TH3

(':> D'5pD 'Dry)



GEMS FROM THE TALMUD. 29

Reproving.

(59) Taunt not a man with that defect
Which in thyself thou canst detect !

(Baba Metsia 59^).

Reprovers Reproved.

(60) Woe to the age in which the judged, alas,
May justly on their judges sentence pass !

If one, who doth reprove his neighbour, cries, —
"Do thou take out the splinter of thine eyes!"
The other answers in a chiding tone, —
"Do thou remove the beam out of thine own!"

{Baba Bat lira i<fi).

Eccentricity.

(61) Let no one act as if he had a mind

That differed from his friends and all mankind!

{Dereck Eretz 7).



Submission.
(62) Your neighbour calls you " Ass " before your
face —
Then quickly on your back a saddle place !

{Baba Kama 92b).



Appearances.
(63) Before our fellow-creatures we must be
As blameless as before the Deity.

{Jer. Shekalim 3),



30 GEMS FROM THE TALMUD.

run rwre ^so twbDn jnoxtf trtppta (6 4 )
* : ^dk onnn nnna &$*

(J f Pp P3D)

# # *

('3 '3 ;"T7f>)



-DTK!} CH D*Sfi# rttW (66)

T T T " T \ T : x '

i&N-nxi vna-nx nana Dnxsr rata

v : • t v •• - : t t ... ) ~ : •

ditSb w nW'

•• •• — • • — . «• — . —

• • • • •

(: '5 ]'DH'p)



♦ *6tk a^nn nna a^m (67)

(* /D PD1D3)



' GEMS FROM THE TALMUD. 3 1

Appearances.

(64) Whatever, for appearance* sake,

The sages have forbidden,
Should not be done by any man,
Though in his chamber hidden.

{Shabbath 146/;).

"%? v(C "7fc

(65) From that which is unseemly, — run !
And that which seems unseemly, — shun !

{Aboth of R. Nathan II 2).



Parents.
(66) God, your Father and your Mother, —
They have each a share in you ;
If you pay to both your parents

That respect which is their due,
Then together with your parents
God considers He doth dwell,
And by honouring your parents
You do honour God as well.

{Kiddushin 30/;).



Example.
(67) The sheep will follow one another :
A daughter acts as acts the mother.

{Kethuboth 63a).



32 GEMS FROM THE TALMUD.



(: fZ MID)



Kj»#3 Kj3«*1 KW (68)



T —



P '3 ]W'p)



nnv nsy r$pri !» (6 9 >



(: p': potj)



n^ p (70)



-n£g rvan Sy5 ^ W^na-b (71)

! M5© pn



i"p d'ppp)



DiS^'n wn bn-i (72)

T - T N# • V

y -r\vh iiato p*6 DiWn^

T T : • I v t T r - v

(0)te jT)9)



GEMS FROM THE TALMUD.



33



Home Influence.
(68) The prattle of a child out for a walk
Is but an echo of his parent's talk.



{Succah $6l>).



Hebrew Servants.
(69) Who doth a Hebrew servant gain
Doth for himself a lord obtain.



{Kiddushin 20a).



Servants.
(70) Enough for the servant if he
As high as his master will be.



{Berachoth 58//).



Guests.
(71) The bidding of your host obey !
Unless he bid you — " Go away ! "



{Pesachim 86/')



Peace.
(72) How great is Peace! to Earth below.



It is what leaven is to dough !



D



(Perek Hashalom).



34 GEMS FROM THE TALMUD.

-D>p zhfyn Dnnn n^S^-Sy (73)

* * *
— n©1y nbtyn onyj ntibtfhj (74)

: DHDn n^arWi minyrrSsn rrtwr^B

•T- : •; -; t-;t - j t-

('3 'f> PUf»)



('p '3 flYtf)



trn?n-Sx (75)
1 *na$rr|0



nttvn dv tost nw^n S:d (76)

(• f»"» jtupp)



t v :



— u n$X!h nn^w rr$n ^59 dxv' ( 77 )

T T V •• V I " : • T - • T T

: npn.3 ipi* ^^r?? pK



GEMS FROM THE TALMUD. 35

Society.

(73) The world depends upon these three, —
On Justice, Truth, and Harmony.

{Aboth 1 18).
* # ■*

(74) On these three mighty pillars rests society, —

On Education, Charity, and Piety.

{Aboth I 2).



The Public.
(75) Yourself you must not separate
From sharing in the public fate !



{Abotk II 5).



A Community in Trouble.
(76) The man that shares a congregation's grief
Shall live to see its comfort and relief.

{Taanith \\a).



Leaders of a Community.
(77) As the eyes of a bride, when with beauty they
shine,
Of her general beauty are deemed a sure sign,
So will a community's leaders attest,
By their worth and their fitness, the worth of
the rest.

( Taanith 24a).
D 2



3^ GEMS FROM THE TALMUD.

km hv arsn m is (78)
: nm^d trtnh Ta»

t - t : - : .. T

C 3": p"3)



te!W p rtarv obiy? (79)
wiirj! pa i 1 ? rraa a-vi &k|



toxS n&K pi p# j^g (80)
nnx rw ji^sk

T T • -;

avian vSy n^a

T ~ T T V -; -

x^n ijria 0hj£^ *)W nbM iWta

e '. P35) ♦ Jv#*na ngwa

jnn a^ (8i>

1 vrrrnK

C '1 '7r;p)



GEMS FROM THE TALMUD. 37

Bad Leaders.
(78) When the shepherd is wroth with his flock,
you will find
That the shepherd doth render the bell-wether
blind.

{Baba Kama $2a).



T/ie Sanctity of Life.
(79) A judge, ere he the sentence doth impart,

Should feel, while sitting on his judgment-
seat,
As if a sword were pointed at his heart,
And dreadful hell were open at his feet.

{Sanhedrin Jb).



Honest Judges.
(80) The judge, in judgment, just and fair
For even one brief hour,
Is deemed as if he had a share
In God's creative power.



{Shabbath 10a).



Justice.
(81) Let justice flow from its pure source,

Though piercing mountains in its course !

{Sanhedrin 6a).



38 GEMS FROM THE TALMUD.



— fi&^ii hrx? wh ♦atn (82)

} •

• • • « • «

'l '7?»)



? n^S ^5 ntyȣ tfStf (83)

♦ naina hmw by nW nnx

t : •• t : • -;- •.• - -

Sai^-nat ^n wra ennsn iratfntf nmn

•• t : • v I t |t - - • : • v - - :

♦ DSiyn ntoNa ma* *&#

T ^ T T ...

T ~ T

•**na nrfr SaoB^a rna na»n^ nW

•• t : • ; 1 v t : - - : •



GEMS FROM THE TALMUD. 39

The Verdict of a Court.
(82) If the court hath seized thy garment,
Which to thee doth not belong,
Go upon thy way rejoicing

That repaired hath been the wrong !

{Sanhedrin "ja).



Jewish Loyalty.
(83) When first the sons of Judah

Were into exile driven,
Were oaths to Jews and Gentiles

Administered by Heaven.
The Jews did swear they'd never,

Uniting in one band,
By force try to recover

Their freedom and their land ;
And, loyal to the countries

Where they should chance to dwell,
Against those several nations

They never would rebel.
And all the Gentile nations

Before the Lord did swear, —
They ne'er would use oppression

Too great for Jews to bear.



{Kethuboth \\\d\.



40 GEMS FROM THE TALMUD.



*im n.^x (8 4 )

^ v"i)



* n^a-S^ ntffrtfa ^sno in (85)

t ; .. - . . .. v . \ _//

T T •• T : • V

('3 '3 wtf)



nfto fc p«# ffrsH?a (86)
: rote &&a nana nSs nn^^ «Sa ♦«#

t t : : T . . . T

3"P WW)



C '3 rro)



$6 p^p (87)



[tt»9 d^ 1 ? n&fc xbnun ba (88)
: Define Dyx# d*3| ib pri

C 'I? j'DH'p)



GEMS FROM THE TALMUD. 4 1

Obedience to Authority.
(84) Bless'd is that age, and happy is its fate,


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