Israel Parsons.

The centennial history, of the town of Marcellus (Volume 1) online

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CTsir^riiHifliiirM^a cL-a iio



G:^:^OF THE^::o



'own of Maroalltis.



THE



CEi\ TEANIAL HISTORY,



OF THE



To^vn of Mareellus,



DELIVERED IN THE



paESBVTERJaN CHURCH,

OF

JMai'cellu-t?!, Ononclag-a Country', IV. "V^-

JULY 4th 1876.
)/■

y^ BY

ISRAEL PARSONS, M. D.



MARCELLUS.

1878.

C .




Entered according to act of Congress, in the year 1878, by Israel Parsons, in the office of
the Librarian of Congress, at Washington.






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Marcei,1,us, Ni Y.

lleed'8 Printing House.

1878.



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If these few pages should help to awake pleasant and tender
memories in the mindsof the old residents of Maroelius, scattered
here and there throughout our land, and thus beguile and cheer
some quiet minutes, it will have accomplished its mission, and to
these dear friends it is affectionately dedicated.



1 rejoice with you my fellow citizens, tiiat we huve been per-
mitted to see this glorious day; this Ceutenuial Auniversary day
iof our nations birth: a self-f^oyerijing uation one hundred years
old.

One hundi't'd years ago to-day, altljougb the boom of tlie can-
non sounded from Maine to Louisiana, declaring freedom from
the thraldonj of tlie Motliei" Country; yet this town of Maroellus
was too far in tlie wilderness to vibrate those sounds. Indeed she
needed no one to |.y tlu' hand of man. On
thai nn)rning the music of the birds far surpassed in richness and
power, that wnich the feathered songsters are giving ns to-day:
for their choir was legion^ and the harmony of their music was
unbroken by the discordant sounds of man, The wild beasts roani-
^^-d unmolested through the vallevs, and over the hills. The same
enchanting sound of the rippling waters of this beautiful creek,
which we now hear by night aiid by day, was to be heard then.

But what great changes have been effected in the face of na-
ture within this town, during the last one hundred vears.



Vou liave H.skc'd me to come hefoi-e you to-day, an'i veiute ste[)
t)y -step, these ehii!i,L!;08 as tliey Ivave oocurred,

The first eighteen years of this eentury which expires to-day,
0111- town }>reseiited, as it liad i'ur ages, one unbroken wihlerness'

Here were no Indian tields where tl\e savui.j)le time f«'i- the jouriu'V
to be nnule.

This was fortunaie for emigration ai that eai'ly period; for
th(! highway was so mttch obstructed bv roots atid stumps, as to.



render traveling, at other seasons of tlie year, extremely ditlicult
in conveyances on wheels.

Ami it is a fact worthy of notice, that although four thousand
years ago, Pharaoh sent uj) "wagons" to remove Jacob and his
family into Egyjit, yet at this^period of the Eighteenth Century
of the Christian Era, this vehicle was not in existence in New-Eng-
land. All wheeled vehicles had only two wheels, and they were
either the chaise or the cart.

For a long succession of years, there was to be seen on the
Genesee road iji the; winter season, an almost unbroken procession
of loads of goods and people; drawn either by oxen or horses, ac-
companietl I)y hciils of Cows, to settle this great wilderness.

In 180"2, the Seneca Turn[)ike was laid out through this
place. It was speedily worked and fitted for traveling purposes.
This extended from Utica to Canandaigua, and was a continua-
tion of the Moliawk Turnpike: thus affording a regular turnpike
communication from Albany to Canandaigua,

Emigration at this time, had become great to the Western
part of this state, and to the Western Reserve in Ohio.

That pirctio!) oftlic Western ptirt of the state, called the Gen-
esee country, \va ; settled previouslv to this: and there being no
roads throuiih this stiite at that early period, the emigration to it
was by water; up the Mohawk, through Oneida lake and river,
)ip the Seneca .river and lake.

Tliat nuite proving slow and tedious, was soon abandoned
after the completion of the Turni)ike, Jiiid then the travel East
and West passed wholly through this village.

The charter for the Turnpike granted the company the priv-
ilege of making use of tlie Genesee road, so far as they might lind
it con\enieiit. The eouunissioners when on their way West, look-
ing for the best })lace for the road; on reaching OnondagaA'alley,
(then called Onondaga Hollow,) to avoid these i)rodigious hills
West of them, c


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Online LibraryIsrael ParsonsThe centennial history, of the town of Marcellus (Volume 1) → online text (page 1 of 10)