Isthmian Canal Commission (U.S.).

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2

6

7

11

19

14

13

13
13
IS
18



Rainfall from April 1 to 8, Inclusive.



Stations.


.5

.5 1)

x a
rt O


Q


o^


Pacific Section —


Ins.
.76
1.31
1.05
1.44
2.29

1.03
1.14

.57

.76

.36

.81

.37

1.40

1.32

2.08

.42

.09
.43
.33
.26


4
4
4
8
8

8
8
8
S
8
8
8
7
8
8
4

6
8
6

4


Ins. I


















Central Section —


1.29




1 39




.66




.89




.39




.82




1.99




1.60




2.88




.90


Atlantic Section —


.40




1.02




.59


Porto Bello


•33







♦Standard rain gage — readings at 5 p. m. daily.
Automatic rain gage at unstarred stations — values mid-
night to modnigth.

tTo 5 p. m., April 7.

Tide Table.

The following table shows the time of high and low
tides at Panama for the week ending April 19. 1911
(75th meridian time) :



Date.


Low.


High.


Low.


High.


Low.


April 13

April 14


A. M


A. M.
3.48
4.28
5.02
5.37

6.09
6.40
7.15


A. M.
r9.55
10.33
11.10
11.47
P. M.
12.22
12.57
> il


P. M.

4.00
4.38
5.12
5.45

6.16
6.48
7.22


P. M.
10.17
10.55


April 15




11.30


April 16 . .






April 17

April 18

April 19


12.06

12.40
1.16





264



THE CANAL RECORD



Vol. IV., No. 33.



COMMISSION CLUBHOUSES.



Activities of the Young Men's Christian Asso-
ciation.

GENERAL NOTES.

The first series of entertainments given by the Yost
Concert Company proved so pleasing that a series of
return engagements has been arranged as follows: Em-
pire. April 16; Corozal. April 18; Cristobal. April 20;
Gorgona, April 23. and Gatun. April 24.

COROZAL.

The first league indoor baseball game between Coro-
zal and Cristobal was played at Corozal on Saturday
night. April 8. The following is the lineup of the teams:
Cristobal— Russell. McSparren. R. Russell. Semons,
Simms, Curtis, Wehmeier. Corozal — Bath. Lorah.
Cuff. Schlager, Lofgren, Taylor, Rawley. The score
was 10 to 4 in favor of Corozal.

All men interested in indoor baseball, games, and
gymnastic work are welcome to the classes. Monday
and Wednesday of each week has been set aside for
work of this nature. _

A discussion club on "Life probems will hold its
first meeting on April 13. Such topics as "The value
of work." and "The choice of a life work." will be
discussed.

CULEBRA.

The 200. or over, scores in bowling for the week
ending April 8 are as follws: Warner, 211; Leylander.
208- Baumer.207. The lOO.orover. scores induckpins
for the same week are as follows: Kersey. 108, 102;
Fox. 107; Hill, 106; Huttlemeier, 104. 101 ; Mcllvaine,

100. . . , ,.

The following are the moves up to and including
April 8 in the game of chess being played by wireless
between the Porto Bello and Culebra chess teams, one
move a day:

Porto Bello. Culebra.

, p— K4 1. P— K4

2 Kt— KB3 2. Kt— QB3
3. B — B4 3. B — B4

4 p __OB3 4. Kt— KB3

5 p _Q4 5. P X P

This opening is called the Giuoco Piano or Halian
game.

s EMPIRE.

The following high scores were rolled in duckpins
during the week ending April 8: W. G. Brown. 103;
H Rodeghiere. 103. 107. 102, 105, 102, 106. 104, 103.
101; S. Parkis. 104, 131; Pinney, 100; Gustavson,
10'' 100, 102. 102. 110; Giavelli, 105, 105; Koperski,
100; Danielson. 101; Pearson. 103. 107; Witmer. 102
J. Parkis. 101; Huson. 106.

The meeting of the literary society was postponed
from Friday April 7, to Monday. April 10. The pro-
gram was: Reading. Owen King, "A Costa Rican
Vacation," Edward Thompson; "The Mexican Situ-
ation," E. L. Zacharias.

Moving pictures will be exhibited on April 12 and 19.
There will be soloists on both of these occasions.

The score of the first half of the Isthmian pool tour-
nament between DePoorter and Hersh was decided in
favor of DePoorter by a score of 156 to 121. The other
half will be played at Gatun on Saturday evening,
April 15. . .

A preliminary duckpin tournament is in progress
and the 12 high men will represent Empire in the inter-
association contests.

The March handicap pool tournament was won by
H. F. Edwards.

The winning team in the gymnasium group contest
was composed of Messrs. Feurtardo, Adams. Jones,
Lang and Koperski. The total number of points made
by this team was 2.785. M. A. Hall had the highest
individual total with 636 points.

GORGONA.

The indoor baseball league opened in Gorgona on
Saturday evening. April 8, when Gorgona won from
Empire by the score of 1 1 to 8.

A local duckpin tournament started on April 3. with
seven three-men teams entered.

A. A. Simka and W. I. Hodeson challenge anyone on
the Isthmus to a match game of shuffleboard. either
singles or doubles.

GATUN.

"The City" f rom the social and political standpoint,
was discussed by the "Life problems club" on Sunday
evening, April 9.

The program for the literary club on Wednesday
night. April 5, included a piano selection by Miss
Neville, baritone solo by Mr. Shailer. tenor solo by
Mr. Perkins, and a violin solo by Mr. Smith. Mr.
Ludwig read a paper on "History of Fencing." In
the debate on "Natural Wonders of the New and Old
World," the following men participated: Messrs.
Chatfield, Whiting. Smith and Wood. Mr. Smith



gave a reading on "William Jennings Bryan, the Ora-
tor." Ladies are now allowed to join the club.

A duckpin bowling team called the "Five D's"
challenges any other team on the Isthmus whose last
names begin with a common letter. The Gatun D's
are as follows: Durand. DeMoll. DePoorter, Dalton,
and Dickson.

A handicap pool tournament will be started on April
17. The prizes are a gold medal, first; cuff links,
second; ivory jointed cue, third.

PORTO BELLO.

On April 7, the people of Porto Bello gathered at
the clubhouse in the evening to celebrate the first
anniversary of the opening of the clubhouse. Miss
Harris and Melville Booz gave several selections on the
piano. Mr. Ray played the banjo. Capt. H. W.
Stickle reviewed some of the work of the Y. M. C. A.
and E. D. Butler gave a reading.



MOVEMENT OF OCEAN VESSELS.



Married .

HOSTETTER-SCOFIELD — At St. Luke's Church,
Ancon, on Wednesday, April 5. Florence Alma, daughter
of Mr. and Mrs. A. B. Schofield of Winona, Minn., to
Herbert Peart Hostetter of Chicago, 111.. Chaplain
Henry A. Brown officiating. Residence, Chicago.



Misdirected Letters.

The following insufficiently addressed letters origi-
nating in the United States and its possessions have
been received in the office of the Director of Posts and
may be secured upon request of the addressee:
Anderson. Mrs. Chas. Louden, H. P.

Biorling. C. J. Mittleman. Miron

Burncs. T. M. Nouland. Capt. C. P.

Carter, Henry B. Peart, Tom

Cotton. Fr. Read. Mrs. M. O.

Crow. Miss Ada M. Rowley. Mrs. Emily

Dambournelis. B. Smith. H. K.

DeGraham. Fred Forbe Souders. H. L.
Englesberg. David Stoddard. R. J.

Fetters. William" Strogher. Edwin

Heweston. A. Volk. Rev. Father

Holmes, Mrs. W. J.



Supplies for Canal Work.

The following steamers with supplies for the Isthmian
Canal Commission arrived at the ports of Cristobal
and Colon during the week ending April 8, 1911:

Alcana, April 3, fiom New York, witn 13.550 barrels
cement for Atlantic Division; 63,160 bags cement for
Pacific Division.

Haakon VII. Apiil 5, from Baltimore, with 6 pieces
mushroom anchors, 29 bundles castings, 6 pieces cast-
ing - , 60 pieces pipe. 12 cases valve material. 31 crates
valve material, 30 pieces valve material for Pacific
Division; 60 pieces pipe, 35 crates valve material,
35 pieces valve material, 14 cases valve material, 3
pieces boiler and stack. 35 bundles steel castings, 6
cases steel castings, 69 pieces steel castings, 42 crates
steel castings for Atlantic Division; 14 pieces steel
castings, 6 bundles steel castings, 2 cases steel castings
for Mechanical Division; 105 pieces frogs, 15, 000 bundles
tie plates. 98 tons coke, 10 cases paint, 500 cases dyna-
mite for stock.

Atenas, April 6, from New Orleans, with 7 pieces
castings for Central Division; 112 tons pig iron for
Mechanical Division ; 29,000 feet yellow pine lumber for
stock.

Zacapa, April 6, from New York, with 385 coils rope;
300 cases linseed oil for stock.

Colon, April 6, from New York, with 6 cases rubber
sleeves. 942 bundles steel bars. 1.500 pieces steel bars
8 cases filing cabinets for Atlantic Division; 10 cases
missing links for Central Division; 8 cases tape, 50
pieces couplers, 252 pieces knuckles, 6 barrels locks for
Mechanical Division; 44 barrels alcohol, 32 packages
drugs and sundries for Sanitary Department; 50 cases
alcohol, 10 cases rubber hose. 88 cases caustic soda,
18 cases enamel ware, 50 cases sapolio 8 crates mop
handles. 104 barrels sulphate of aluminum. 5 cases
trays. 6 cases glassware, 8 barrels compound. 10 bags
oats, 50 pieces car wheels for stock ; and a miscellaneous
cargo, the whole consisting of 3.313 packages, weighing
202 tons.

Linda Fell, April 7, from New York, with 10.555
barrels cement for Atlantic Division; 59.200 bags
cement for Pacific Division.



The following vessels arrived at or departed from
the port of Balboa during the week end ing April 8. 1 9 1 1 :

Arrivals — April 2, Ecuador, from Guayaquil; April
3, Guatemala, from Callao; Peru, from Guayaquil;
April 4, Manga Rene and tug Hercules, from San Fran-
cisco.

Departures — April 2. Leclanaw, to San Francisco;
April 3, Mantaro, to Callao; April 4, Mathilda, to
south ports; Santa Maria, to Port Harford; April 5,
Loa, to Valparaiso; Manavi, to Guayaquil; April 7,
City of Para, to.San Francisco: [April 8. Stanley Dollar.
to San Francisco.



The following Is a list of the sailings of the Panama
Railroad Steamship Company; of the Royal Mail
Steam Packet Company; of the Hamburg-American
Line, and of the United Fruit Company's Line; the
Panama Railroad Company's dates being subject to
change:

NEW YORK TO CRISTOBAL.

Panama P. R. R. . .Wednesday .April 12

Cristobal P. R. R. . .Tuesday... .April 18

Ancon P. R. R . . . Monday April 24

Allianca P. R. R. . .Saturday .. .April 29

Colon P. R. R. ..Saturday. . .May 6

Advance P. R. R. . .Friday May 12

Panama P. R. R. . .Thursday ... May 18

Allianca P. R. R. . .Wednesday .May 24

Colon P. R. R. . .Wednesday. May 31

Advance P. R. R. . .Tuesday June 6

Panama P. R. R . . . Monday June 1 2

Allianca P. R. R. ..Saturday. . .June 17

Colon P. R. R. . .Saturday. . June 24

Advance P. R. R . . . Friday June 30

CRISTOBAL TO NEW YORK.

Advance P. R. R. ..Tuesday April 18

Panama P. R. R. ..Tuesday April 25

Cristobal P. R. R. . .Tuesday. .. .May 2

Ancon P. R. R . . . Monday May 8

Allianca P. R. R. . .Friday May 12

Colon P. R. R. . .Thursday. ..May 18

Advance P. R. R. . .Wednesday. May 24

Panama P. R. R. . .Wednesday. May 31

Allianca P. R. R. ..Tuesday June 6

Colon P. R. R. ..Tuesday June 13

Atvance P. R. R. ..Sunday. . . .June 18

Panama P. R. R. . .Saturday. . .June 24

Allianca P. R. R. . .Friday June 30

Colon P. R. R. . .Thursday. ..July 6

Advance P. R. R. . .Wednesday .July 12

NEW YORK TO COLON.

Santa Marta U. F. C . . .Thursday ...April 13

PrinzSigismund H.-A Friday April 14

Magdalena R. M Saturday. . .April 15

Metapan U. F. C. . .Thursday. . .April 20

Prinz Joachim* H.-A Saturday . . . April 22

Zacapa U. F. C. . .Thursday... April 27

Prinz Eitel Friedrich. .H.-A Friday April 28

Clyde R. M Saturday. . .April 29

Almirante U. F. C . . .Thursday . . . May 4

Prinz Aug. Wilhelm*. .H.-A Saturday. . .May 6

Santa Marta U. F. C . . .Thursday ... May 11

COLON TO NEW YORK.

Zacapa U. F. C. . .Thursday... April 13

Prinz Eitel Friedrich. .H.-A Tuesday April 18

Clyde R. M Tuesday April 18

Almirante U. F. C . . . Thursday . . . April 20

Prinz Aug. Wilhelm*. .H.-A Tuesday. . . .April 25

Santa Marta U. F. C . . .Thursday . ..April 27

PrinzSigismund H.-A Tuesday May 2

Thames R. M Tuesday May 2

Metapan U. F. C . . .Thursday ... May 4

Prinz Joachim* H.-A Tuesday May 9

Zacapa U. F. C. . . Thursday . . . May 1 1

NEW ORLEANS TO COLON.

Parismina U. F. C. .Wednesday ..April 12

Abangarez U. F. C. ..Saturday. . .April 15

Heredia U. F. C. . .Wednesday. April 19

Atenas U. F. C . . .Saturday. . .April 22

Cartago U. F. C. . .Wednesday. April 26

Turrialba Y. F. C . . . Saturday . . . April 29

Parismina U. F. C . . .Wednesday .May 3

Abangarez U. F. C. . .Saturday. . .May 6

COLON TO NEW ORLEANS.

Atenas U. F. C. . .Thursday. ..April 13

Cartagot U. F. C. . .Thursday . ..April 13

Turrialba U. F. C ... Thursday . . .April 20

Parisminat U. F. C . . . Thursday ...April 20

Abangarez U.F. C. . .Thursday... April 27

Herediat U. F. C . . Thursday .. .April 27

Atenas U. F. C . . . Thursday ... May 4

Cartagot U. F. C. . . Thursday ... May 4

Turrialba U. F. C . . .Thursday ... May 11

Parisminat U. F. C . . .Thursday... May 11

COLON TO BARBADOS, CALLING AT TRINIDAD.

Magdalena R. M Tuesday April 25

Hamburg-American steamers leave Colon for New
York via Kingston every Tuesday at 10 a. m.,and those
designated (*) call at Santiago, Cuba; for Bocas del
Toro and Port Limon on alternate Wednesdays, by
ships designated (*).

Royal Mail steamers leave for New York on alternate
Tuesdays, at 12 noon; for Southampton on alternate
Tuesdays at 10 a. m.

United Fruit Company's ships for New Orleans direct
leave on Thursdays at 3 p. m.; ships designated (t) for
New Orleans via Port Limon and Puerto Barrios on
Thursday at 4 p.m.; ships for New York via Kingston
on Thursday at 11 a. m.; for Bocas del Toro on Monday
at 6 p. m.

The Leyland Line ship Californian will sail from
Colon for New Orleans via Port Limon on April 21.



CANAL




RECORD



Volume IV.



ANCON, CANAL ZONE, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 19, 1911.



No. 34.



The Canal Record

Published weekly under the authority and supervision of
the Isthmian Canal Commission.



The Canal Record is issued free of charge, one copy
each, to all employes of the Commission and Panama
Railroad Company whose names are on the gold roll.
Extra copies and back numbers can be obtained from the
news stands of the Panama Railroad Company for five
cents each.

Address all Communications

THE CANAL RECORD,

Ancon, Canal Zone,

Isthmus of Panama.

No communication, either for publication or requesting
information, will receive attention unless signed with the
full name and address of the writer.

NOTES OF PROGRESS.



Chairman's Report.

The report of the Chairman of the Isthmian
Canal Commission for the month of March
is published in full in other columns of this
issue of The Canal Record. It gives a
detailed account of the progress of Canal work
in all departments and divisions.



Lighting the Canal.

A general project for lighting and buoying
the Panama Canal has been submitted by
Lieut. -Col. Hodges, Assistant Chief Engineer,
and has been approved. It is based on a
study made by Walter F. Beyer, an assistant
engineer, who has been detailed by the
Lighthouse Board in Washington for this
purpose. The report follows:

The scheme of illumination contemplates the use of
range lights to establish direction on the longer tan-
gents, and of side lights spaced about one mile apart to
mark each side of the channel. The range lights are
omitted in the Cut. where the use is hardly practicable,
and on four of the shorter tangents on the remainder of
the Canal. The project includes a light and fog signal
on the west breakwater in Limon Bay, a light on the
east breakwater, should it be built, and gas and nun
buoys lighting and marking the channel to the Mount
Hope dry dock. Mr. Beyer has also made a separate
estimate, not included in the general lighting project,
for light and fog signals at the Pacific entrance to the
Canal and shore lights in its neighborhood.

The estimate for all the structures needed for the
Canal proper, exclusive of the coast lights on the
Pacific side, is. say. S65S.C00. This includes light-
keepers' dwellings, buoy depots, and a boat landing, as
well as the purchase and establishment of all the aids to
navigation. It also includes a gas-charging plant, and
certain expenditures in converting a tug into a light-
house tender, and repairing launches for maintenance.
It does not, however, include the original purchase
price of any floating plant, it having been assumed that
this can be provided at the close of construction from
present construction plant, the price having then been
written off in the plant arbitraries. The annual main-
tenance charge of the system, when in full operation, is
estimated at about S60.500.

The additional cost of the coast aids to navigation
exterior to the Canal on the Pacific side, is estimated at
$97,000.

It is proposed to use gas for the lighted buoys in all the
sections of the Canal, and for the beacons in the Gatun
Lake section. For the beacons in the Atlantic, Pacific,
Miraflores and Culebra Cut sections, electricity is to be
used as the illuminant. The cost of the original instal-
lation for electricity is.slightly greater than for gas, but



the maintenance is very much less. The original tenta-
tive estimate forlighting the Canal, included in the esti-
mate for 1908, was $500,000.

Should it be decided to install now only the necessary
permanent features without lighting apparatus, except
for the harbor lights at the entrance to the Canal, the cost
would be about S433.000. This is equivalent to assum-
ing that no night traffic on the Canal will be permitted
for some time, and that the illuminating apparatus
will not be installed until the need for it shall arise.

In any event, certain parts of the work should be
taken in hand immediately. The most pressing part
is the clearing, which will have to be done for the es-
tablishment of the beacons and range lights and for the
lines of sight for referencing the important buoys and
beacons. This work must be accomplished in Gatun
Lake before the water is allowed to rise next year. It
would be well to undertake, as time serves, the casting
of the reinforced concrete structures for beacons and
towers, which casting can conveniently be done at some
single place, the finished structures to be transported
and placed when completed.

No specific appropriation has been made for this
work, but it evidently should be begun at once, proper
accounts being opened for the purpose, and the amounts
needed being supplied from time to time. It is prob-
able that about S100.000 will be needed between now
andjune30. 1912. The largeexpenditures, namely, for
purchase of buoys, light-keepers' dwellings, etc., will be
estimated for the fiscal year 1913.

The complete plan is to be executed,
namely, the plan involving the installation
of the lights when the Canal is opened.



Record Work on P. R. R. Relocation.

Six 70-ton and three 105-ton steamshovels
working on the relocated line of the Panama
railroad, on April 15, excavated IS, 210 cubic
yards, an average of 2,023 yards a shovel.
Six of these shovels were digging in the bor-
row pits at Monte Lirio and the spoil was
hauled in 10-yard steel dump cars to the fill
across the Gatun valley. Three of the shovels
were working on the Culebra Cut section and
the spoil was disposed of in nearby fills.



Steel Casting Plant.

A steel casting plant will be part of the
equipment in the permanent shops to be
established near the Pacific entrance to the
Canal, and it has been decided to purchase
the plant now in order that it may be utilized
on the Canal work during the coming two
years. To this end, bids will be asked for a
complete plant, the principal items of which
will be as follows:

One Tropenas steel converter, two tons
capacity, of a type and design of one in use
in an arsenal or navy yard in the United States,
provided with a 7s-horsepo\ver motor for
tilting. One high pressure blower, with
a 75-horsepower motor, single geared to the
blower. One double roller sand crusher and
mixer, provided with a 10-horsepower motor,
direct geared, and a pan of not less than five
feet in diameter, weight of rolls to be not less
than 2,000 pounds each. One 4-ton, and two
2-ton crane ladles, and eight 150 pound bull
ladles. One fuel oil ladle heater for crane
ladles and one for bull ladles.

The bids for the plant must provide also
for the services of a metallurgical engineer for
three months who is competent to instruct



in the making of patterns and moulds, melting
and mixing of metal for the production of
different grades of steel castings, proper oper-
ation of the plant, and the making of chemical
analyses.

About one million pounds of steel castings
were purchased for the Canal during the
fiscal year 1910, and the average price per
pound was about 15 cents. It is estimated
that these castings can be made on the Isth-
mus at 12 cents per pound. The plant will
make it possible to supply parts immediately,
instead of waiting from four to nine months
for their shipment from the States, and to
reduce the stock of spare parts and material
kept on hand on the Isthmus and, ultimately,
to do away entirely with cast steel spare parts.
It is not proposed to install an annealing
furnace, as the small amount of this work
to be done can be accomplished by fires made
from scrap lumber. Sinkheads and risers
will be cut off with the saws already installed
or by use of an oxy-acetylene plant. Castings
will be cleaned by chipping hammers now in
use, and the sand blast machine which is
being installed for cleaning steel cars. The
plant will be installed upon its receipt in the
extension recently made to the foundry in
the Gorgona shops.



Work in the Pacific Entrance.

It is now possible for ships drawing IS feet
of water to use the Canal at the Pacific en-
trance from the beginning of the channel in
Panama bay to a point eight miles inland, at
the lower end of Miraflores Locks, but the
Canal is only partially completed to that
point, because the channel is not its full width
of 500 feet in some parts, and in the last three
miles is not at its final depth. Only the first
five miles are open to navigation.

The seagoing suction dredge Culebra and
the ladder dredges Badger and Marmot, are
working in the channel immediately below the
lock site, opposite Corozal. These dredges
are digging out clay and small rock down to
the surface of solid rock that overlies the
bottom. After the mud is scraped off the rock,
a dam will be thrown across the channel and
the water will be pumped out of the basin
thus formed, and the rock will then be
blasted in the dry. After it is broken up it
can be taken out by steamshovel or by the
deep digging ladder dredge now building in
Scotland.

The suction dredge Culebra which was placed
on the gridiron at Balboa machine shops on
March 28, was returned to service on April
8, after having its bottom scraped and painted
and general repairs made. The sand exclud-
ing device on the tail end shaft was removed
and the shaft and bushings were found in
good condition after 14 months of service.
The maximum time for bushings to wear prior
to the fitting of the sand excluding device was
six weeks. The hatches of the coal bunkers
were increased in size to facilitate the coaling



266



THE CANAL RECORD



Vol. IV., No. 34.



NOTES OF PROGRESS.



(Continued >



of the ship. It is now possible to place 225
tons of coal in the Culebra's bunkers in five
hours, only four men being employed. The
coal is lifted from a lighter to the hatches of
the ship by a clamshell hoist.

The ladder dredge Marmot, which was put
into commission on May 10, 1909, has been
in service almost continuously since that time,
and up to March had dredged 2,610,832
cubic yards, an average of 125,537 cubic yards
per month for a period of 21 months.

The ladder dredge Badger was brought to
the marine shops on April 11 for running
repairs, and returned to work in the channel
near Miraflores Locks on April 17. It had
been in continuous service since February 18,
1910. The new bearings, top gears, and
manganese tumblers that were installed at
that time were found in excellent condition.
Last week the lower fenders were removed,
the hull scraped and painted, and minor
repairs made to condensing and circulating
pumps.

The ledges of rock that form part of the
bottom at a point about six miles inland are
being blasted under water and then taken out
by ladder and dipper dredges. The drilling
is done by the drill barge Teredo, and the
blasting also is under the direction of the
master of the barge. Holes are sunk to a
depth of 55 feet below mean tide and are
then loaded with dynamite, an average