Isthmian Canal Commission (U.S.).

Canal Record (Volume 4 no.1-52) online

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3,598 feet from shore. The total amount of
rock dredged and dumped on the west
breakwater to March 1, 1911, was 469,288
cubic yards. During the month 50,105 cubic
yards of rock were dredged and dumped,
increasing the total to 519,393 cubic yards.
The amount of dry fill placed to April 1 was
230,702 cubic yards.

NOMBRE DE DIOS.

During the month 109 barges containing
48,292 cubic yards of sand were shipped to
Gatun.

MUNICIPAL ENGINEERING.

The reservoirs, water mains, sewers, roads,
and oil pipe lines were maintained and ex-



April 19, 1911.



THE CANAL RECORD



269



tended as required, to facilitate construction
work. Work was continued on the Colon
municipal improvements.

Central Division.

During the month of March the total
amount of material excavated in the Central
Division was 2,032,523 cubic yards, of which
542,991 cubic yards were classified as earth
and 1,489,532 cubic yards as rock. Of this
quantity 1,961,204 cubic yards were removed
by steam shovels, 8,508 cubic yards by scraper,
28,1S5 cubic yards by bucket cranes, and
9,170 cubic yards by hand. Contractors
removed 17,711 cubic yards by sluicing, and
7,745 cubic yards by hand. Of the total,
1,990,650 cubic yards consisted of primary
excavation for the Canal prism, 13,618 cubic
yards permanent diversion, useful after the
Canal is completed, and 21,819 cubic yards
of silt deposited in completed sections of
prism. The total work excavation amounted
to 2,026,0S7 cubic yards. In addition, 5,596
cubic yards of gravel were excavated outside
of the Canal prism for ballast and concrete
use.

The daily average number of steam shovels
at work during the month was 50.63, and the
total number of shovel days was 1,367, as
compared with 48.41 shovels at work during
the month of February, with 1,114 shovel
days.

For comparison with the work done by
steam shovels during the corresponding month
of the previous year, the following table has
been prepared:



Period.


Excava-
ted by
shovels.


Classification of
material.


VI

!«oc


31


yards
shovtl
lay.




Rock.


Earth.




1910:
Mirch.

1911:
March.


Cu. Yds.
1.945.976

1.961.201


Cu. yds.
1.274.706

1,478,558


Cu. yds.
671.270

482,546


53.9 2
50.63


:6

1


C. Y.

1.3SS.0

1,434.7



Rainfall at Empire: 1910. 1.60 ins.; 1911. .20 ins.

The above table shows the average output
per shovel to be 3.36 per cent greater in
March, 1911. than in the corresponding month
of the previous year.

The total amount of material excavated
from the prism in the Culebra section of the
Central Division in March, 1911, 1,715,130
culi: yards, was the highest record in that
section for the month of March, the previous
high record for the month having been March,

1910, when 1 502,868 cubic yards were re-
moved.

The total estimated amount of material
to be removed in the Central Division was
97,125,018 cubic yards, and up to April 1,

1911, 73,059 609 cubic yards had been removed
leaving 24. i. 5 409 cubic yards to be removed,
in order to comp'.te all excavation in the
Central Division. From these figures it will
be seen that 75.22 per cent of all excavation
in the Central Division had been completed
up to the close of the month of March, and
24.73 per cent remained uncompleted.

Considering the two sections which com-
pose the Central Division, the excavafion
completed and that to be completed at the
close of March operations was as follows:

CULEBRA SECTION.

Cubic Yards.

Completed 61.400,413

To be completed 22.7S6.311

CH ACRES SECTION.

Completed 11.659.196

To be completed 1,279,098

From the above figures it will be seen that



the Culebra section, locally known as Culebra
Cut, was 72.93 per cent completed, with 27.07
per cent to be completed; the Chagres section
was 90.11 per cent completed, with 9.89 per
cent to be completed.

During the month 20,140 cubic yards of
material were hauled from the Canal prism
and dumped in the embankment for the road-
bed of the relocated Panama railroad in the
vicinity of Pedro Miguel. The total amount
of spoil from the Central Division used for
this purpose at the close of the month was
3,763,494 cubic yards. The Central Division
also delivered at Gatun 241,266 cubic yards of
rock and earth for use in the construction
of the dam, making the total for this purpose
at the end of March 3,147,800 cubic yards.
In addition, the Central Division delivered
27,740 cubic yards of rock and earth to the
Pacific Division to be used as back fill for che
lock at Pedro Miguel.

The daily average number of laborers at
work on the whole division during the month
was 7,738, and the daily average number of
gold employes 907.

Pacific Division.
DISTRICT NO. 1 — LOCKS AND DAMS.

Excavation — The total excavation during
the month amounted to 101,247 cubic yards.

Filling and Embankment — During March
no additional dry filling was added to the
prism of the west dam at Pedro Miguel, the
total amount of material in place remaining
at 260,852 cubic yards, as previously reported.
The back fill at Pedro Miguel was increased
by 90,097 cubic yards, the total in place at the
end of the month amounting to 188,655 cubic
yards.

At Miraflores, 23,940 cubic yards were
added to the dry fill in the toes, and 25,131
cubic yards to the hydraulic fill in the core
of the west dam, making the totals at the
end of the month 690,892 cubic yards and
496,421 cubic yards, respectively. No ma-
terial was added to the back fill during the
month, leaving the amount in place as pre-
viously reported, 135,885 cubic yards.

PEDRO MIGUEL LOCKS.

The back filling of the west wall was con-
tinued, and filling behind the east wall was
commenced. The dismantling of berm crane
"G" was continued. During the month the
amount of iron placed aggregated 761,746
pounds.

Concrete Work — The total amount of con
crete and large stone laid at Pedro Miguel was
44,716 cubic yards, as compared with 37,011
cubic yards during February. The concrete-
was placed as follows: 14,680 cubic yards in
the west wall; 20,429 cubic yards in the
center wall; and 9,607 cubic yards in the east
wall.



OPERATION OF THE PERMANENT AND AUXILIARY CON-
CRETE CONSTRUCTION PLANTS AT PEDRO MIGUEL.





Permanent Auxiliary
Plant. I Plant.


Length of working day (hours).. .

Average number of hours per day,
per unit, worked laying con-
crete and large stone (actual


•8.00

5.44

2.00

Cu Yds.

63.38

58.30


8.00
6.06


Average number of mixers per


3.89


Average hourly output per mixer
(actual working time)

Average amount of concrete and
large stone laid per hour, per
chamber crane (actual working


Cu. Yds.
37.03










1.00




34.338.00


10 377 00








34,338.00


10.378.00



*12 hours per day for 9 days.

Auxiliary plant consists of three 2-cubic yard mixers
and one j-yard mixer, averaging 3.81 mixers per day.
Placing plant consists of locomotive cranes and der-
ricks, averaging J.SI units per day and J-cubic yard
mixer dumping directly into forms.

MIRAFLORES LOCKS.

The erection of berm crane "H" at Mira-
flores was completed, and berm crane "F"
was completed with the exception of adjusting
the machinery. During the month the
amount of iron placed aggregated 38,550
pounds. The excavation of rock in the lower
lock site was continued, and the filling of the
dike at the Agua Dulce pumping station
completed.

Concrete Work — The total amount of con-
crete and large stone laid was 31,173, as com-
pared with 20,896 cubic yards during Feb-
ruary. The concrete was placed as follows:
4,182 cubic yards in the west wall; 6,913
cubic yards in the center wall; 19,264 cubic
yards in the east wall; and 814 cubic yards
in the floors.

OPERATION OF THE PERMANENT AND AUXILIARY CON -
CRETE CONSTRUCTION PLANTS AT MIRAFLORES.





Permanent
Plant.*


Auxiliary
Plant t


Length of working day (hours) . .

Average number of hours per day
per unit, worked laying con-
crete and large stone (actual


Cu


8.00

2.84

.33

Yds.
31.28

53.89


8.00
6.16


Average number of mixers per


8.22


Average hourly output per mixer
(actual working time)

Average amount ol concrete and
large stone laid per hour per
chamber crane (actual work-


Cu. Yds.
24.59








4,


28.08
108.00


215.0S




26.822.00








4.


136.00


27,037.00







*One berm crane operating boom 4 days; one berm
crane complete operating 9 days.

tEight ^-cubic yard mixers and one i-cubic yard
mixer, averaging 6.22 mixers per day; two 2-cubic
yard mixers. Placed by dump cars or dumped directly
into forms.

2-



DISTRICT NO.



-DREDGING.



The following is a statement of the output
of the five dredges which were in operation
during the month, and the amount of material
excavated hydraulically:





Type.


Work.


Plant.


Total.




Dredge.


Earth.


Rock.


Earth.


Rock.






Dipper

Ladder. ..
Ladder.. . .
Ladder.. . .
Suction —


Cu. Yds.
5SS6I
102.S92
7.085
121.615
233.760


Cu. Yds.
22,450


Cu. Yds.
2,700


Cu. Yds,


Cu. Yds.

81,011
102.892

11,226
121.615
243,734












4.141




















9,974














Total


521.213
•91.957


26,591


12.674




560,478
91,957
























6H.I70


26.591


12.674




652.435













•Excavated from canal prism south of Miraflores lock site.



270



THE CANAL RECORD



Vol.'IV., No. 34.



CHAMF. SAND EXCAVATION.

Approximately 45,100 cubic yards of sand
were excavated at Punta;Charn6 and delivered
at Balboa.

DISTRICT NO. 3 MUNICIPAL AND SANITARY

ENGINEERING.

The reservoirs, water mains, sewers, roads,
and oil pipe lines were maintained and ex-
tended as required, to facilitate construction
work. Work was continued on the municipal
improvements in the city of Panama.

DISTRICT NO. 4-ANCON QUARRY.

PERFORMANCE OF ROCK CRUSHER PLANT.

Hours.

Length of working day 12:00

Average number of hours per day (actual

working time) 8 :89

c«. yds.

Average amount crushed per hour of working

diy 210.99

Average amount crushed per working hour... 2S4.79
Total output for the month 68,361.00

Relocation of Panama Railroad.

During the month 403,543 cubic yards of
material were excavated, increasing the total
excavation at the close of the month to 6,271,-
494 cubic yards, and 448,434 cubic yards of
material were placed in embankment, in-
creasing the total for this purpose to 11,698,-
838 cubic yards.

For comparison with the work done by
steam shovels during the preceding month,
and during the corresponding month of the
previous year, the following table has been
prepared :

Relocation of Panama Railroad.



Period.


Excava-
ted by

shovels.


Classification of
material.


u:

1 M
Zoo
> w ^


at

X
TJ
04

16

23
27


en :>

*u o

-■=




Rock.


Earth.


< i> rt


1910:
M.ireh.

1911:
Feb
Marco .


Cu. Yds.
236.5il

256 615
325,295


Cu.Yds.

85,761

181,600
2:0,505


Cu. Yds.
150,770

76.015
74,790


7.31

6.22
7.C4


1,245

1.795
1,712



During the month 2,320 feet of temporary
trestle were driven, and work on bridges and
culverts was continued. No permanent
track was laid during the month, the total of
70-pound and 90-pound permanent track
remaining at 157,744 linear feet and 18,997
linear feet, respectively, as previously re-
ported. During the month the track con-
necting the Gold Hill line with the Obispo
diversion track south of Empire bridge was
completed, and track laid southward on the
former line over the Continental divide into
the head of the Pedro Miguel valley. All
culvert work north of the Rio Sardinilla was
completed, and construction commenced on
the culvert at the Rio Obispo. The force
averaged 2,372 men, in addition to those
employed by the contractors.

Quartermaster's Department.

Labor — The laborers whose services were
no longer required by the Central Division
in the Chagres district, by reason of thecom-
pletion of certain portions of the work in
that district, were given employment on the
n location of the Panama railroad.

Building — The work of moving six cottages
at Culebra was completed during the month.
A considerable amount of work was performed
in connection with the alterations necessary
to create additional accomodations at the
Hotel Tivoli.

Materials and Supplies — The work of turn-
ing in surplus supplies and concentrating
stock was continued. During the first three
months of the year approximately §300,000



worth of material was turned in from the line
storehouses to the Mount Hope depot. The
stocks in the line storehouses are being ma-
terially reduced.

The amount of material ordered last month
was in excess of that for the previous month,
the increase being due to the large orders
placed for lock material, aggregating nearly
31,000,000 for the Atlantic and Pacific
Divisions.

Subsistence Department.

The operation of the European laborers'
messes, the colored laborers' kitchens and the
line hotels showed a net profit of §94,148.55.
The operation of the Hotel Tivoli showed a
net profit of $8,193.02, and there was a net
profit on restuarants, penitentiary and dredges
of $202.33. The net profit on subsistence
operations was $12,543.90.

Department of Civil Administration.
COURTS.

During the month four civil and 25 criminal
cases were disposed of in the Circuit Courts,
and 75 civil and 441 criminal cases in the
the District Courts.

DIVISION OF POSTS, CUSTOMS AND REVENUES.

Money order sales for the month of March
amounted to $494,136.65, and the fees to
$2,183.63. Receipts from stamp and card
sales and newspaper postage aggregated
$8,339.03. The total collection of revenues
made by the division was $23,750.27, and
the collections on account of court fines,
costs and fees, $2,330.82. p

Twenty-six vessels entered at and 25 ves-
sels cleared from the port of Ancon, and 23
vessels entered at and 22 vessels cleared from
the port of Cristobal.

DIVISION OF POLICE AND PRISONS.

The total number of persons arrested was
442, of whom 389 were men and 53 women.
Forty-six nationalities were represented.
The total number of arrests for the month was
a decrease of 44, as compared with February.
Ten convicts were committed to the peni-
tentiary, and 12 were discharged, leaving 137
in confinement at the close of the month.
The cost of guarding and subsisting the con-
victs was $2,544.90, and the value of their
work on the Canal Zone roads $2,364.80.

DIVISION OF FIRE PROTECTION.

Eighty-four fires were reported in the
Canal Zone during the month, an increase
of 57, as compared with February. The large
number of fires was due to the excessively
dry weather conditions prevailing at this
time of the year, and is accounted for in par-
ticular by the numerous small grass fires along
the line of the railroad caused by sparks from
locomotives, there being 50 during the month
attributable to this cause. On March 23, one
of the most disastrous fires since American
occupation swept Colon. Nine Commission
buildings were consumed, the Chief Quarter-
master's estimate placing the loss at
$14,394.93.

DIVISION OF PUBLIC WORKS.

In the city of Panama the average daily
consumption of water was 1,370,771 gallons,
and in Colon 914.9S2 gallons.

The usual inspection and maintenance work
of this division was performed during the
month.

DIVISION OF SCHOOLS.

The total enrolment in the white schools
during the month was 1.0S9 and the average
daily attendance 864.6, or 79 per cent of the



enrolment; and in the colored schools the
total enrolment was 1,418 and the average
daily attendance 658.2 , or 46 per cent. Forty-
two white and 25 colored teachers were em-
ployed in the division on March 31.
Departm?ut ct Sanitation
f The total number of deaths from all causes
among employes was 43. Thcie were divided
as follows: From disease 27, and from vio-
lence, 16, giving the annual average per
thousand of 6.76 and 4.00, respectively.

The annual average death rate per thous-
and among employes for the month of March
in previous years since American occupation,
was as follows:

1905 12.27

1906 37.44

1907 40.23

1908 12.47

1909 8.76

1910 8.91

The annual average death rate per thous-
and in the cities of Panama, Colon, and the
Canal Zone, including both employes and
non-employes, was 22.22.

The annual average death rate per thousand
for the month of March among the same class
of population for previous years, was as fol-
lows:

1905 36.51

1906 46.72

1907 32.32

1908 20.67

1909 17.07

1910 18.33

Segregating the whites from the blacks, the
annual average death rate per thousand from
disease among employes was, for whites, 3.38;
blacks, 7.76, giving a general average of 6.76.
For the same month during 1909, the annual
average death rate per thousand from disease
was, whites, 3.90; blacks, 7.99, giving a gener-
al average of 6.84, and for the same month
during 1910, whites, 3.89; blacks, 5.87,
giving a general average of 5.39.

Among employes during March, 1911,
deaths from the principal diseases were as
follows: Chronic nephritis, 1; dysentery, 2;
malaria, 2; lobar pneumonia, 7; and tuber-
culosis, 7, leaving a balance of 8 deaths from
all other diseases, and 16 deaths from external
violence.

No cases of yellow fever, small-pox, or
plague were brought to or originated on the
Isthmus during the month.
Respectfully,

Geo. W. Goethals. Chairman.



Half a Million in Money Orders — Internal Reve-
nues.

The report of the Director of Posts for the
month of March shows that 20,095 money-
orders were issued, amounting to $495, 991. IS.
This was the record month in amount issued,
the previous high record was that of March,
1910, when orders to the value of $481,515.67
were issued. Of the $495,991.18 issued last
month, $369,546.23 was payable in the United
States, $125,491.45 in the Canal Zone,
$943.50 in Martinique, and $10 in Costa
Rica. The fees collected amounted to
S2.1SS.93, and the amount paid and repaid
during the month was $128,436.77.

Postal sales during the month amounted
to $8,335.88, and newspaper postage amounted
to$3.15.

The revenue collections for the month were
as follows:

Distillation licenses $246.61

Insurance company's fees 129.89

Motor vehicle licenses 37.00

Taxes, license, etc 13,060.72

Total $13,474.22



April 19, 1911.



THE CANAL RECORD



271



COMMISSION CLUBHOUSES.



Activities of the Young Men's Christian Asso-
ciation.

A lecture on the cruise of the Atlantic battleship
fleet around the world will be delivered at the various
clubhouses by Franklin Matthews, a newswriter for
18 years on the staff of the New York Sun. He was
one of the two civilians allowed to make the cruise with
the fleet, and his lecture is an account of the life of the
fleet as well as of the countries visited. The schedule
of lectures follows: Gatun, April 20; Culebra, April 21 ;
Pedro Miguel. April 22; Porto Bello. April 24; Corozal,
April 26; Empire. April 27; Cristobal. April 28;
Gorgona, April 29.

COROZAL.

A men's smoker will be held on Thursday evening,
April 20. Both members and non-members are in-
vited.

The Corozal indoor baseball team will play at
Empire on Saturday evening, April 22.

CULEBRA.

The duckpin bowling league games opened on Sat-
urday night, April 15, with Culebra teams rolling at
Empire and Culebra. The results of the match on the
Culebra alleys are as follows:



Culebra.




Empire.






. . 97 90


85


Davis 87


87 84




. . 82 76


88


Pinney 88


78 SO


Fox


. . 88 78


78


Winner. . . 81


86 85




. . 89 86


84


Leon 93


95 84


Hurst ....


. . 92 77


84


Henry.... 84


98 106


Total...


. . 448 407


419


Total ... 433


444 439



The following are the latest moves in the chess game
"by wireless" between Culebra and Porto Bello:
Porto Bello. Culebra.

6. P X P 6. B— Kt5 ch.

7. B— Q2 7. B takes B, ch.

8. QKt takes B 8. P— 04

9. P takes P 9. KKt takes P

The Culebra Boy Scouts took a Sunday afternoon
"hike" to Las Cascadas plantation directed by W. R.
McCann.

EMPIRE.

A farewell smoker was held on Saturday, April 15,
in honor of W. W. Warwick and F. W. Miracle, who
have been members of the Empire council for several
years past. After an hour's entertainment of magic
by Prof. Kellermann, there were speeches by Messrs.
Warwick and Miracle, an address by Judge Brown of
Cristobal, and remarks by Messrs. Freeman and Dick-
son. There was music by an orchestra.

The Hon. Maurice H. Thatcher delivered an address
under the auspices of the Canal Zone Sunday School As-
sociation at the clubhouse on Friday evening, April 14.

The following high scores were bowled during the
past week: Parkis, 102, 101; Mason, 105; Gustavson,
100. 101; Giavelli 101. 104; Gorham, 108; Witmer,
106. 102; Pearsou, 100; Reed. 104.

Culebra defeated Empire at Empire in the first
series of duckpin league games on Saturday evening,
April 15, by the following scores:



Empire






Culebra.






Gustavson... 88


95


92


Frederick. . 88


9S


92


Gorham .... 86


76


81


Huttle 94


9?


96


Potter 88


82


75


Judge 77


82


78




81


91


Hill 82


95


86


Huson 72


86


97


Case 105


102


85


425


420


436

GORC


446

ON A.


465


428



A. A. Sirnka will deliver an illustrated lecture on
"The Holy Land" on Sunday night. April 23. Mr.
Simka made an extended tour of the Holy Land and
will talk on his experiences while there.

C. M. Benson led the discussion club on Wednesday
night. April 13. His topic was "Should immigration
to the United States be restricted."

All mechanics wishing to become acquainted with
the Westinghouse air brake E. T. equipment should
communicate with the secretary of the Y. M. C. A.,
Gorgona. Classes for the study of air brake practice
will be started in Las Cascadas and Pedro Miguel if
there are enough applicants.

Gatun and Gorgona will play indoor baseball at
Gorgona on Saturday night, April 22.

GATUN.

The pool match between DePoorter of Gatun and
Hirsh of Empire resulted in favor of DePoorter, the
final score being DePoorter 300; Hirsh, 276. In the
early part of the game Hirsh was 72 balls in the lead.
DePoorter by winning this match retains the champion-
ship of the Isthmus and will receive a specially designed
medal. Hirsh made five 15-ball runs during the last
half of the match at Gatun.

The "Life problems club" discussed "The family and
the home" at its meeting on'Sunday evening, April 16.
Those participating were Messrs. Purdy.HSmith, Wood.



Hughson and Wilson. The subject for April 23 will
be "Marriage and divorce."

A special committee representing the Red Cross
Society met at the clubhouse on Saturday evening and
planned an entertainment, the funds of which will go
toward the two million dollar endowment.

The game of indoor baseball at Gatun on April 15
resulted in the score: Empire. 46; Gatun, 19.

Henry Hughson gave a talk on the "History of
Money" in the game room on Friday evening. April 14.

Mr. Fox presided at the meeting of the literary club,
in the absence of President Young, on Wednesday
evening, April 12. Mr. Young of Empire sang two
baritone solos and Mr. McAnelly played several piano
selections. In the debate on "Election of United
States Senators", Mr. Shafer upheld the affirmative,
and Mr. Philips the negative. Messrs. Gilkie, Young,
Carr, Smith and Hughson also took part. Mr. Critch-
low read a paper on "The cause and recording of
earthquakes." The election of officers resulted as
follows: President, Mr. Wantland; vice-president,
Mr. Chatfield; secretary, Mr. Cotton; program com-
mittee, Messrs. Smith, Critchlow, and Shafer.

CRISTOBAL.

In the opening of the Isthmian Duckpin League with
Gatun on Saturday night, April 15, Cristobal won two
out of three games.

In the local duckpin league the 100, or over, scores
were made during the week ending April 15, by Har-
rington, 102; DeCora. 110, 107; Sullivan, 104.

At a meeting of the bowlers eligible for the Isthmian
Duckpin League, Adams and Rosteck were elected
captains of the two teams, composed of the following
men: Adams' team — DeCora. Sullivan. Herring,
Jacques. Smith. Thompson. Rabbitt. French, Bullard.
Rosteck's team — Louch, Howard, Barrett, Claherty,
Harrington. Beck, Furlong, Blackburn, Gibson.

In the duckpin tournament the games won are as
follows: Commissary-Subsistence, 28; Quartermas-
ters, 23; Miscellaneous, 23; Dry Dock, 10.