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children was planted in December, and the
harvesting was begun in February. About
one-half an acre was under cultivation in
vegetables and 1| acres in papayas and
bananas. All the work, except the initial
spading, was done by pupils under the direc-
tion of a scientific gardener, one of the aims
being to teach the colored pupils how to make
a living in truck gardening after their
fathers can no longer procure work on the
Canal. In this respect the results are
encouraging, because both boys and girls
have shown great interest in this practical
work. The vegetables and bananas are given
to the children, but a careful count is kept of
all of them, and those harvested up to May 1
would have sold at the following prices in
the Empire market:



Item.


Amount and Price.


Total.


Tomatoes


1,600 pounds at 10 cents


$160.00




52.50




6.24




3.60


Radishes. . . .




25.00


Okra




5.00


Bananas


200 bunches at 35 cents


70.00


Total value


$32234



and H. S. Farish. The amount of excavation
by the French, which is useful in the present
Canal, was determined, after inYestigation by
a committee which reported on December 6,
1909, to be about 30,000,000 cubic yards. A
similar determination will be made of the
buildings, machinery, stores, Panama railroad
shares, and other property included in the
purchase.

Fire at Bas Obispo.
In a fire at Bas Obispo on the night of
May 7, seven private buildings were destroyed,
and the three months' old child of a colored
woman named Maud Griffith was burned.
The fire was in a private building of frame
construction, and had gained great headway
before an alarm was sent in.



Value of Property Purchased from French.

The value of property transferred to the
United States by the New Panama Canal
Company of France, under the $40,000,000
purchase, is to be determined by a committee,
appointed by the chairman, consisting of
Messrs. J. B. Bishop, A. B. Nichols,
W. G. Comber, A. S. Zinn, Lieut. W. D.
Smith, Messrs. Ad. Faure, R. W. Hart,



A new school building for colored children
will be erected at Cristobal on the Mount
Hope road, to take the place of that destroyed
in the Colon fire of March 23. It will be
made of two laborers' barracks moved from
Tabernilla, and will have four rooms, each
25 by 30 feet.



Pacific Division Sand Service.

Sand was supplied in April by the Pacific
Division service, as follows:



Destination.


Number
of cars.


Cubic
Yards.




2,356

18

18

3

2

6

10


35,340




270




418




75
50




150




175






Total


2.413


36,478







Work of Central Division Unloaders.

The following statement shows the number
of Lidgerwood cars unloaded by the Central
Division during the month of April:



Location.


No. of
unloaders.


No. of
trains.


No. of
Cars.




3
3

4


1.004

730

1,096


20.080




14.594




22,981








10


2,830


57,655







Ancon Crusher.

A statement of the rock crushed at Ancon
quarry during the week ending May 6, fol-
lows:



Date.


Hours
worked.


Cubic
Yards.


May 1


7:30
7:40
8:00
8:00
8:20
7:20


2.958




2.033




2.616




2.614




2,761




2.947










46:50


15.929







Porto Bello Crusher.

A statement of the work done at Porto
Bello crusher, by days, for the week ending
May 6, follows:



Date.


Hours
worked.


Cubic
Yards.




6:57
5:54
5:46
7:06
5:08
7:05


2.958




2.076




2.671




3.052




2.295




3.208








37:56


16.260







292



THE CANAL RECORD



Vol. IV., No. 37.



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May 10, 1911.



THE CANAL RECORD



293



SEVEN YEARS OF CANAL WORK.



Progress of Construction — New Features Devel-
oped.

The seventh year of Canal construction by
Americans ended on May 4, at which date
about 138,000,000 cubic yards of excavation,
or more than three-fourths of the entire
amount estimated for the completed Canal,
had been accomplished, leaving only about
44,000,000 cubic yards to be removed. The
year was marked by a general advance of
the work in amount accomplished, and by
a constant decrease in the cost.

A new development of an old factor in the
completion of the Canal was the increase in
the slides in Culebra Cut, where the banks
have broken in 22 places between Pedro Miguel
Locks and the Chagres River at Gamboa, a dis-
tance of nine miles. An addition of 6,104,000
cubic yards was made to the estimate of the
total amount to be excavated, as an allowance
for the siides, and the amount in motion, or
that has given an indication of probable
movement, does not exceed this. This amount
may be increased, but this causes no appre-
hension as after the locks are completed it will
be possible to concentrate dredges for re-



A statement showing the advance of exca-
vation in all parts of the work is published
elsewhere in this issue.

Lock Construction.

The placing of concrete in all the locks is
52 per cent completed, 2,153,386, out of a
total of 4,284,000 cubic yards, having been
placed up to May 1, and of this amount
1,694,086 cubic yards were placed in the past
year. At Gatun, 951,661 cubic yards were
placed during the year, and there remain to
be placed 783,210 cubic yards before the
concrete work is completed. The installing
of the lock gates has been begun, and the
installation of machinery for gate operation
and towing of ships, of the emergency dams
and operating machines, will be carried on
in the upper locks, while concrete laying
advances in the lower flights.

A total of 737,425 cubic yards of concrete
was placed in the Pacific locks during the
year, and there remain to be placed 1,349,576
yards. The locks at Pedro Miguel are nearing
completion, and those at Miraflores are
fairly begun, and will advance with greater



it may be continued during the rainy season.
There remains to be constructed the concrete
dam across the channel, and To be erected
thereon the regulating gates.

Other Developments of the Year.

The relocation of the Panama railroad
above Gatun Lake was completed to such an
extent that regular trains may use it between
Gatun and Bas Obispo in case high water in
the lake region makes the old line between
those points impassable. The location on the
95-foot level through Culebra Cut was changed
to one parallel with the Canal, but far enough
east of it hot to be interfered with by slides.

The breakwater at the Pacific entrance to
the Canal, extending from Balboa to Naos
Island, was advanced to a point 13,000 feet
from shore, and now lacks about 4.000 feet of
completion. The breakwater at the Atlantic
entrance, which will extend from Toro Point
about 10,500 feet into Limon Bay, was begun
in August, 1910, and on May 1, the fill had
been advanced to 4,214 feet from shore.

Plans were approved for terminal docks and
basins at both entrances. The basin at th'j



Typical Gross Secrlor? of <5ulebra Cut




Prof i le of Cule. bra Cut
shownq i^jaterlal Excavated and to to^_ Excavated.



moval of the material that remains and which
may slide in, enabling the work to proceed
much more expeditiously and much more
economically.

Of the total of 44,787,246 cubic yards of
excavation remaining, 21,371,975 cubic yards
are in Culebra Cut. The rate of progress in
this section of the work, as compared with
other years ending May 1. is shown in the
following table, and graphically, by the pro-
file published on this page:

May 1 to May 1. Cubic Yards.

1904-1905 648.911

1905-1906 1,250.570

1906-1907 4.861.895

1907-1908 11,285,217

1908-1909 13.955.753

1909-1910 14.886.427

1910-1911 15.925.976

Total 62.814.749

Amount remaining 21,371,975



rapidity as soon as the cantilever mixing and
handling plant is fully installed.
Gatun Dam.

The estimated dry fill for the toes of Gatun
Dam is 8,346,778 cubic yards, and there has
been placed up to May 1 a total of 7,017,980
yards. It is probable that the amount of
material actually dumped in the toes of the
dam will greatly exceed the estimated total.
The total hydraulic fill is estimated at 11,653,-
222 cubic yards, and of this amount 7,058,559
cubic yards were in place on May 1. The
total estimated fill is 20,000,000 cubic yards,
and 70 per cent of this amount was actually
in place on May 1.

In the spillway the concrete work is 60 per
cent completed, and has reached a stage where



Pacific entrance will be at Balboa, where work
has been begun on the first of a series of
reinforced concrete docks. The docks at the
Atlantic entrance at Cristobal will consist of
a series of reinforced concrete docks, or slips,
reached from shore by a mole which will
extend about 3,300 feet into the bay and serve
as a breakwater to protect the harbor on
the south.

Plans for buoying and lighting the Canal
and its approaches have been adopted, and
the work of clearing the ranges in the lake
region has been begun.

The Government adopted the policy of
fortifying the Canal on March 4, 1911, when
the bill appropriating $3,000,000 for initial
expenditures was approved.



294



THE CANAL RECORD



Vol. IV., No. 37.



SOCIAL LIFE OF THE ZONE.



Church Notes.

The Rev. W. W. Gray, who for two years
has been pastor of the Methodist Episcopal
church in Panama and visiting chaplain in
the Commission service, has resigned and will
leave the Isthmus accompanied by Mrs. Gray
on May 31. His successor, the Rev. Harry
Compton will sail from New York on May 12.
Mr. Compton has been for 27 years in charge
of the Methodist work in Ecuador, and has
just completed a year's leave of absence in the
States. He has a wife and two daughters
who will accompany him. The pastor's
family will occupy the rooms of the parsonage
over the church on the sea wall.

There were 30 women present at the meeting
of the Women's Foreign Missionary Society
held at the home of Mrs. E. W. Keyser,
Ancon, on Friday afternoon, May 4, among
them visitors from Culebra and Paraiso, and
the members of the Empire Auxiliary to
the Christian League. The meeting was
opened with a devotional service, followed
by a program of special music. A window
will be placed in the parsonage dedicated
to the organizers of the society. Since
the organization of the society two and
a half years ago, scholarships have been
maintained in the Methodist college in Panama.
There are 15 active members, and two life
memberships of $20 each, which have been paid
by Mrs. Gray and Mrs. J. L.Webster. The
study hour on Friday afternoon was devoted
to the consideration of the lifes of Christian
women in the Orient. Papers were read by
Mrs. Gray, Mrs. Z. E. Bossomaier, Mrs. J.
Stokoe, Mrs. E. W. Price, and Mrs. John M.
Holt. Mrs. Andrew Atchison was in charge
of this division of the program. Mrs. J. M.
Holt has been elected treasurer, vice Mrs.
Gray resigned. Mrs. Webster is also re-
signing from active membership and will
leave the Isthmus on May 29 for an indefinite
sojourn in southern California.



Miscellaneous Events.

On April 29, the Red Men, assisted by the
auxiliary order, the Daughters of Pocahontas,
held a masquerade ball at the lodge hall in
Las Cascadas for the benefit of the order.
There were 40 couples present.

At a dance held recently by the Pythian
Sisters in Las Cascadas, $120 was made. The
sum will be placed in the treasury of the order.

The Grand Auxiliary Order of the B. of L.
E. held a dance in the lodge hall at Paraiso on
April 22 for the benefit of the home for dis-
abled railroad men at Highland Park, 111.



Dinner of the 1904 Employes.

The fourth annual dinner of the employes,
whose term of service with the Isthmian
Canal Commission on the Isthmus began
during the year 1904, was held at the Hotel
Tivoli on Thursday evening, May 4, the day
on which the French Canal Company formally
turned over its possessions on the Isthmus to
the United States. There was an attendance
of 29, out of a total of about seventy-one 1904
men now on the Isthmus. The greater part
of these men are still in the service of the
Commission, although a few have left and
engaged in other pursuits. The banquet was
presided over by Col. W. C. Gorgas: Co!.
Tom M. Cooke acted as toastmaster, and in-
formal speeches were made. Those present
were: A. B. Xichols, D. E. McDonald,
Patrick Kenealy, Thos. J. Walsh, Lloyd



Noland, L. E. DuBois, W. L. Power, Alex
A. Lundisheff, M. C. Pratt, M. W. Tenny,
Geo. H. Ruggles, C. L. Stockelberg, J. J.
Moran, F. E. Moore, A. B. Herrick, H.
A. Gudger, C. C. Pierce, J. C. Perry,
J. A. LePrince, O. S. Boyd, L. G. Thorn,
C. L. Parker, D. E. Wright, J. D. Illia, Tom
M. Cooke, W. C. Gorgas. Frank Cotton,
Earle C. McFarland.

During the evening an association was
formed, with Col. Gorgas as its president,
to be known as the "Incas."



St. Ferdinand's Church at Empire.

A Commission building opposite the garden
of St. Ferdinand's church in Empire has been
assigned to the church to be reconstructed into
a parish house. There will be three rooms at
the eastern end for the resident priests, a
hall running through the center for social
gatherings, and two additional rooms for
visiting priests at the western end, where
there will also be the refectory and kitchen.
A social hall will be partitioned into two par-
lors for the meetings of the altar societies and
other organizations, but it will be so arranged
that it will be possible to throw the suite into
one room. Several rooms down stairs
will be converted into schoolrooms for the
rector's Spanish classes, and it is also pur-
posed to establish a night school for the young
West Indian men of the parish. The building
dates from the French occu pation and has been
used as bachelor quarters. The remodeling
will be done at the expense of the church, and
will cost $1,500, of which $1,000 have been
paid. The building will be occupied in the
beginning of June.

As a result of the recent visit of the Very
Rev. Father McHale of the Vincentian
Fathers, it is expected that, in addition to
the Rev. Father Allot, the rector of the parish,
two priests of the Order of St. Vincent will be
sent to the work at Empire.

Easter gifts to the church in April were a
brass sanctuary lamp, a private gift; a bap-
tismal font, given by the Altar Society, and
the Stations of the Cross, presented by the
men's club.

A. A. O. N. M. S.

All nobles of the Ancient Arabic Order of
Nobles of the Mystic Shrine on the Isthmus
are requested to be present at a meeting to be
held at Gatun on Sunday, May 14, 1911, at
3 p. m., to discuss a matter of importance.
Francis W. Walraven.

Las Cascadas, C. Z. May 3, 1911.



Observance of Fourth of July.

In a circular dated May 5, the Chairman has
requested the heads of departments and
divisions to appoint representatives to attend
a meeting in the Administration building
in Ancon on Saturday, May 13, at 2 p. m.,
to consider the question of a celebration of
Independence Day by Americans on the
Isthmus. The letter states:

Among the questions which should be discussed and
decided are:

1. Shall such a celebration be arranged for?

2. If so, the program and general location of the
celebration, or celebrations.

3. Organization for making the necessary arrange-
ments, raising subscriptions, etc.

Such celebrations are intended to be arranged by,
and for the benefit of Americans on the Isthmus, and
it is intended that the planning and execution of any
celebration shall be in accordance with the views of the
majority.

Please advise me as soon as practicable the repre-
sentatives you designate to attend this meeting (who
will be expected to act on this committee until further
notice). Your representative should be instructed
to canvass the sentiment among the employes in their
department or division prior to the meeting on May 13,



so that they may be able to act with a full knowledge
of the views of those whom they represent at the meet-
ing on May 13. The Disbursing Officer will be a mem-
ber of this committee ex-officio, and any other head of
a department or division may likewise act ex-officio as a
member of this committee and be present at the meeting.
The committee is authorized to appoint any additional
members to act with it.

Commissioner H. H. Rousseau will act as General
Chairman of the Fourth of July Celebration Committee,
and Mr. George A. Ninas will be present as a member,
and act as secretary of the committee.



PERSONAL.



Capt. F. C. Boggs is a passenger on
the Panama, scheduled to arrive in Cristobal
on May 12.

Mr. John M. G. Watt arrived on theZacapa
rn Thursday, May 4, from his leave of ab-
■ ence in the United States.

Mr. Edward C. Sherman, Designing Engi-
neer, accompanied by Mrs. Sherman and their
(laughter, sailed for the States on the Ancon
on May 10. Mr. Sherman has completed
the designs for the spillways at Gatun and
Miraflores, of which he was in charge, and
his resignation has been accepted to take
effect at the expiration of his leave. He will
engage in consulting engineering, as principal
assistant engineer, with the firm of Barrows
and Breed, at 6 Beacon street, Boston, Mass.



Berths on the "Panama".

Culebra, C. Z., May 6, 1911.
Heads of Departments and Divisions:

As only a few scattered berths remain open
for assignment on the steamship Panama,
scheduled to sail from Cristobal on Thursday,
May 18, any further requests submitted for
this sailing should be confined to employes
traveling alone. A few single berths are
available for women unaccompanied by
children.

By direction of the Chairman.

C. A. McIlvaine, Chief Clerk.