Isthmian Canal Commission (U.S.).

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each, to all employes of the Commission and Panama
Railroad Company whose names are on the gold roll.
Extra copies and back numbers can be obtained from the
news stands of the Panama Railroad Company for five
cents each.

Address all Communications

THE CANAL RECORD,

Ancon, Canal Zone,

Isthmus of Panama.
No communication, either for publication or requesting
information, will receive attention unless signed with the
full name and address of the writer.

NOTES OF PROGRESS.



Effect of Heavy Rain In Culebra Cut.

The heavy rain of May 11 — 2.57 inches —
caused considerable inconvenience in Culebra
Cut from noon of that day until the afternoon
of the day following. The drainage ditch at
the south end of the Cut, which carries water
through the culvert under the old P. R. R.
embankment west of the locks at Pedro
Miguel, so that it may flow around the lock
site, broke, and allowed the water to empty
into the steam shovel cut which is being
made to provide drainage through the cen-
ter wall culvert of the locks. A battery of
two 10-inch, and one 15-inch, centrifugal
pumps, which had been installed in the
new drainage ditch to take care of such
water as might collect from rains, was flooded,
and the pumps were forced to suspend tem-
porarily. This new drainage ditch will be
subject to similar inundations until it is com-
pleted to the culvert of the locks, that is,
until the water from the south half of the
Cut may drain through the locks at Pedro
Miguel.

All the steam shovels south of the summit
are working with the end in view of keeping
open the central drainage ditch. Last year
the slides at Culebra forced the bottom of
the Canal up and closed this ditch, and it
was necessary to maintain pumps in order to
keep the water down in the Cut. Pumping
is neither so economical nor so effective as
gravity drainage.

North of the summit, the central drainage
ditch has a slight grade from Las Cascadas
to the sump at Gamboa, due to the fact that
the excavation is so near to its ultimate
depth in this section. The water drains off
slowly, and, because of this, several steam
shovels in the Empire district were obliged
to suspend on May 11, due to the accumula-
tion of water in the pits in which they were
working.

At Culebra, on May 1 1 , a portion of the west
bank gave way, and one steam shovel was
nearly overturned and obliged to suspend



work. The portion that slipped was a ledge
of lava rock about 40 feet above the level
on which the shovel was digging, which
was at a point where the bank seems un-
commonly firm. The ledge of lava on top
of this bank became watersoaked and gave
way, tumbling over the firm bank into
the Cut. On the east bank of the Cut at
Las Cascadas, a mud slide was accelerated by
the rains, and the track leading to two steam
shovels was put temporarily out of service.
This slide, although difficult to handle on
account of its nature, viz., soft mud, now
contains only a few thousand cubic yards of
material.

Eleven shovels in all were forced to sus-
pend work for part of the day on the 11th,
on account of flooded pits, or covered tracks.



Land Office.

The land office authorized under the Exec-
utive Order of January 19, 1911, to be con-
ducted under the Law Department, has been
opened in Ancon, with A. A. Greenman,
formerly land agent for the Panama Railroad
Company, in charge. He is assisted by one
clerk and a land inspector on the gold roll,
and by two clerks on the silver roll. The
land business of the Panama Railroad Com-
pany and Isthmian Canal Commission will
be conducted through this office, but the
payment of rent for Panama railroad lands
will be continued, as heretofore, at the office
of the General Superintendent at Colon,
or at such places as he may direct. The
payment of rent on Commission land will
be made, as heretofore, to the district tax
collectors.



Observation Car for Visitors.

Requisition has been placed in the States
for a 50-passenger observation motor car
for operation over the main line of the Pana-
ma railroad, and the Canal construction
tracks, which will be supplied on bid. It
will be of steel construction, with a length
over all of between 50 and 60 feet, and a max-
imum width of 10 feet. The engine and motor
are to be capable of driving the car, fully
loaded, either forward or backward, over
the main line at a speed of 45 miles an hour
on level track, and with a running start up a
five per cent grade, 1,000 feet long, at a speed
of not less than 10 miles an hour. Instead
of the solid roof usually provided with this
type of car, one with a ventilating deck,
containing side sashes, has been asked for.
The interior finish is to be in mahogany;
the head linings of sheet steel enameled and
neatly striped ; the windows to be large and to
open as high as possible. The seats are to
have reversible backs, with rattan covered
back and seat cushions, and mahogany arm
rests. An observation platform, 14 feet long,
provided with suitable windows to afford
protection from rain when running backward,
will be installed at the rear end of the car.



The motor equipment is to consist of a 6-
cylinder, 4-cycle, water cooled engine,
equipped with both high extension Bosch
magneto, and storage battery ignition, and
mechanically operated valves. The lighting
will be either by means of a storage electric
battery, or with acetylene gas stored in
cylinders furnished from the Commission
plant. The body of the car will be painted
a chrome yellow, and the running gear green.



Engineering Changes.

On May 10, 1911, the engineering depart-
ment of the Central Division was reorganized.
Heretofore, the field and office work has been
handled by the resident engineer at Empire,
with offices in charge of assistant engineers
at Paraiso and Las Cascadas. These two
offices have been abolished, and the field and
office work heretofore handled in them has
been centralized in the Division Engineer's
office at Empire, from which point all engi-
neering work in the Central Division will be
handled in future, under the jurisdiction of
the resident engineer and one assistant
engineer.

In making these changes, Assistant Engi-
neer William L. Thompson, formerly in
charge of the office at Las Cascadas, has been
transferred to the Pacific Division, where he
has been placed on work in connection with
hydraulic operations below Miraflores Locks.
Assistant Engineer Mark W. Tenney, formerly
in charge of the Paraiso office, has been trans-
ferred to the office of the resident engineer
at Empire.

Reservoirs Filling.

The copious rains that have fallen over the
Canal Zone watersheds during the past 10
days have had the effect of causing a rise
in all of the reservoirs, and of allaying any
apprehension that may have been felt regard-
ing a scarcity of water. The greatest rise
reported up to May 13 was in the Rio Grande
reservoir. The low record of the year at that
point was on May 8, when the elevation of
the water above sea level stood at 223.38 feet.
On May 12, the water elevation had increased
to 227.10, or 3.72 feet within a period of five
days. About two and one-half feet of this
rise came from the heavy rain in the afternoon
of May 11. At 5 p. m. on May 14, the
reservoir had filled to 229.89, or 6J feet above
the low point. The low point in this reservoir
in 1910 was on May 1, when the water eleva-
tion was 223.97 feet.

The low point in the Camacho reservoir,
which supplies water to Empire and vicinity,
was also reached on May S, when the surface
elevation was 341.9 feet above sea level.
There has been a greater demand on the
storage supply in this reservoir during the
past dry season than for the same period in
1910, when the lowest point reached was
349.7 feet on July 12. The recent rains have
augmented the supply, and on May 12, the



298



THE CANAL RECORD



Vol. IV., No. 38.



NOTES OF PROGRESS.



(Continued.)



surface elevation stood at 344.5, a gain of
two and one-half feet. The Caribali reservoir
at Gorgona is also filling. The low point this
year was 70.3 feet on May 4, as compared
with 76.0 feet on March 23, 1910. The water
elevation on May 12 stood at 72.2 feet, a
gain of 1.9 feet.

Some heavy showers have fallen on the
Atlantic slope since May 1, the total precipi-
tation at Cristobal from the 1st to the 14th
being 6.43 inches, and at Brazos Brook,
9.76 inches. These, apparently, were not
well distributed over the Brazos Brook
watershed, as the elevation in the reser-
voir, which supplies water to Colon,
Cristobal, and Mount Hope, on May 12
was only 37.5 feet, a rise of six inches
from the low point of the year, viz., 37
feet, which was reached on May 8. The low
point at this reservoir in 1910 was 41.8 feet
above sea level on May 9.

The Agua Clara reservoir at Gatun was
not in service at the beginning of the rainy
season last year. The low point in the supply
was reached on May 7, when the surface
elevation stood at 56 feet. On May 12, it
had risen to 56.5 feet.



Gatun Dam Spillway.
The concrete work in the spillway of Gatun
Dam is over 60 per cent completed, 135,211
cubic yards, out of a total of 225,000, having
been placed at the close of work on May 13.
A statement of the amount laid each day



last week, and of the total in


:>lace, follows:


Date.


Concrete
Laid.


Hours
worked.


No.
Mixers.




94

36
132

84
112

96


6:00
3:00
6:00
2:00
6:00
5:30


2










May 11. . .




May 12...




May 13. . .










554
134.657


28:30


1.17


Previously reported . . .






135,211











The Lirio planing mill between Culebra
and Empire was shut down in the latter part
of April. The machinery is being removed
to Gorgona shops.



Building Notes.

The concrete block plant at Ancon, which
has been shut down for the past year or two,
will possibly be operated again shortly to
furnish the hollow concrete blocks of which
the new fire station at Cristobal will be built.

The dismantling of the annex to the Cule-
bra hotel is under way, and plans have been
made for the removal of a number of other
buildings which are in danger of becoming
involved in the slide on the west bank. Three
houses, one a type-5, and the others, type 18
quarters, will be taken down and moved to
Corozal so that they can be used either as
bachelor, or nonhousekeeping married quar-
ters. They will probably be situated east of
the railroad track.

The Culebra post-office will probably be
moved to a site near the commissary, between
the cinder path and the roadway. The fire
station, which has already been carried about
12 inches out of line by the ground movement,



may be relocated south of the Administration
building. The site of the time office of the
Central Division will probably be changed to
north of the railroad station.

The buildings destroyed in the fire at Colon
on March 23 are rapidly being replaced,
about 15 having been erected to date, all of
them of frame construction. Work on a new
and larger schoolhouse for colored children.



to replace the one burned, has been begun.
It will be a one-story, four-room building,
51 by 62 feet, situated on the Mount Hope
road, a little south of the former site, and will
be constructed of lumber taken from two
laborers' barracks at Tabernilla. The Salva-
tion Army rest hall will probably be rebuilt
by the Commission on a site about 1,500 feet
south of its former location.



CONCRETE WORK IN THE LOCKS.



GATUN LOCKS.

Over 64 per cent of the concrete for the system of three twin locks at Gatun has been laid,
the amount in place at the close of work on May 13, being 1,338,957 cubic yards, out of a total
of 2,085,000.

A statement of the amount of concrete placed in the locks each day for the week ending
May 13, and of the total, follows; and a similar statement for the work in the spillway of Gatun
Dam is published elsewhere in this issue. The construction plant works 12 hours daily, and
the auxiliary plant 9 hours.



Date.



May 8

May 9

May 10

May 11

May 12

May 13

♦Portable mixers .



Total

Previously reported.



Construction Plant.
2-cubic yard mixers.



Concrete
placed.



Cu. Yds
1,790
2,120
2,054
2,156
2,458
1,946



12,524



Hours No. of
worked, mixers



27:10
32:58
33:04
33:35
37:24
32:50



Grand total 1,338,957



Auxiliary Plant.
2-cubic yard mixers.



Concrete
placed.



Cu. Yds.
676
720
512
680
592
728
3534



4,2614



Hours No. of
worked, mixers.



8:40
9:40
9:00
8:40
8:40
9:10



Large
stone.



Cu. Yds.
172}
262J
178
132
194J
1204



1,060



Total.



Cu. Yds.
2.638J
3,102f
2,744
2,968
3,244}
2.7945
353 4



17,8454
1,321,1114



*The 3534 yards shown for the portable mixers are reinforced concrete, and were placed on the following days:
May 8th, 46 yards; May 9th, 794 yards; May 10th, 66 yards; May 11th, 58 yards; May 12th, 544 yards; May
13th, 494 yards.

PEDRO MIGUEL LOCKS.

Concrete work in the locks at Pedro Miguel is over 77 per cent completed, 647,628 cubic
yards, out of a total of 837,400, having been placed at the close of work on May 13. The
record for each of the six 8-hour working days of last week, follows:





Construction Plant.


Auxiliary Plant.


Large
stone.




Date.


2-Cubic yard mixers


2-cubic yard mixers.


4-cubic yard mixer.


Total.




Concrete
placed.


Hours
worked.


No. of
mixers


Concrete
placed.


Hours
worked.


No. of
mixers


Concrete Hours
Placed. I worked


No. of
mixers




May 8

May 9

May 10...
May 11...
May 12...
May 13...


Cu. Yds.
250
572
336
382
498
364


6:00
10:00

6:00

8:00
10:00

8:00


2
2
2
2
2
2


Cu. Yds.
568
320
410
632
420
350


11:00
5:50
9:75

12:50
7:00
5:00


2
1
2
2
1
1


Cu. Yds.
133

78


11:00
5:50


2
1


Cu. Yds.


Cu. Yds.
951
970
746










1,014


80

53


5:00
4:00


1
1




998
767


Total

Previously


2,402


48:00


2


2,700


50:75


l.S


344


25:50


.83


4,187


5,446
642,182
























Grand


4,187


647,628



MIRAFLORES LOCKS.

Over 17 per cent of the concrete for the system of two twin locks at Miraflores was in place
on May 13, the total amount on that date being 234,636 cubic yards, out of a total of approxi-
mately 1,362,000. The record for each of the six 8-hour working days of last week, follows:







Auxiliary Plant.




Date.


2-cubic yard mixers.


2-cubic yard mixers.


4-cubic yard mixer.


Total.




Concrete
placed.


Hours
worked.


No. of
mixers


Concrete: Hours
placed, worked.


No. of
mixers


Concrete Hours
placed. 1 woiked.


No. of Large
mixers 1 stone.




May 8

May 9

May 10...
May 11. . .
May 12...
May 13...


Cm. Yds.
1.240
1,246
1,278
1.332
1.152
1,064


22:25
21:67
21:50
22:25
20:17
17:92


4
4
4

4
4

4


Cu. Yds.
112
204
148
228
100
120


2:83
4:00
3:17
4:00
2:00
2:00


2
2
2
2
2
2


Cu. Yds.
378
167
271
374
355
164
*322


20:75
9:50
16:00
21:00
23:00
13:00
36:00


4
2
3
3
3
2
1


Cu. Yds.


Cu. Yds.
1,773
1,693
1,740
1,993
1.645
1,411




















Total

Previously


7,312


125:76


4


912


18:00


2


2,031


139:25


2.57


3,693


10,255
224,381
























Grand


3,693


234.636



*The 322 yards were mixed by a i-yard mixer, the amounts for each day being: May 8th, 43 yards; May 9th
76 yards; May 10th. 43 yards; May 11th, 59yards; May 12th, 38 yards; May 13th, 63 yards.



May 17, 1911.



THE CANAL RECORD



299



SOCIAL LIFE OF THE ZONE.



Women's Clubs.

At the meeting of the executive board of
the Canal Zone Federation of Women's
Clubs held at Cristobal on May 8, a committee
on the year book was appointed, composed of
the outgoing and incoming corresponding
secretaries, the recording secretary, and the
treasurer. The book will be issued as soon
as possible, and will contain a review of the
work and meetings of the Federation for the
year 1910-11, with the revised by-laws, and
greetings from the new officers. Mrs. A. O.
Herman was appointed Federation librarian.
She will have the charge of the Federation
libraries, and will arrange for their exchange
among the schools for the use of the pupils.
She will also have charge of the Federation
pictures and art library. Communications
regarding any of these matters should be
addressed to Mrs. Herman at Gorgona. The
executive board will not meet again until
October.

The Gatun Woman's Club has under con-
sideration a course of study work for the next
year. The meetings will continue weekly at
the clubhouse for the present.

At the meeting of the Empire club on May
18, the guest of honor will be Mrs. Thomas
E. Brown, Jr. The meeting will be held at
the clubhouse.

At the meeting of the Paraiso Woman's
Club on May 24, the members of the Empire
Woman's Club, the teachers of the Paraiso
schools, and the pupils of the upper grade
will be entertained. There will be an exhibit
of the Federation pictures, with an address.
This meeting will close the club season which
will reopen in September.

The Pedro Miguel Woman's Club held an
election of officers in April, when the following
were chosen: President, Mrs. George Brown;
vice-president, Mrs. H. Girdner; secretary,
Mrs. W. T. Piper; treasurer, Mrs. Mark
White. The social meeting will be held at
the home of the treasurer on May 24.



Church Notes.

The Wednesday evening services at St.
Luke's Church, Ancon, have been discon-
tinued. The litany is read on Wednesday
and Friday mornings at 9 o'clock.

The annual meeting 'of the Juvenile Mis-
sionary Society of the United Methodist
Church was held on Sunday evening, May 14,
at the mission rooms, which are situated on the
border between the Canal Zone and Panama
city. This society is composed of young
West Indian men and women. The Rev.
C. M. Anderson is in charge.



Miscellaneous Events.

The University Club will give a dance,
with German figures, at its clubhouse in
Panama, on the night of May 20.

The corner stone of the new Masonic
temple, to be erected on the corner of Eleventh
and Bolivar streets, Colon, will be laid with
appropriate ceremonies on Decoration Day,
May 30.

Lawn Tennis.

The following is the result of the tennis
tournament in singles held at the Cristobal-
Colon courts on May 7:

First round — Farquharson, Colon, defeated
Tupper, Culebra, 6-2, 6-1; Bartholomew,
Empire, defeated Wells, Gatun, 6-4, 6-3;
McMurdo, Ancon, defeated Guptil, Cristobal,



6-4, 6-2; Hunter, Tivoli, defeated Deane,
Panama, 6-3, 6-3.

Semifinals — Bartholomew defeated Far-
quharson, 6-3, 6-1; McMurdo defeated
Hunter, 6-2, 6-4.

Finals — Bartholomew'defeated McMurdo,
6-2, 2-1, and default.

Corozal, Gorgona and the Marine Corps
clubs failed to report for the tournament.

The next tournament will be in doubles at
the Tivoli courts, Ancon, near the hospital gate,
on May 30. Play will begin at 9 a. m.

Reunion of Employes.

All employes on the Isthmus, formerly in
the Supervising Architect's and Master
Builder's Departments, will please send full
name and address to the undersigned, for the
purpose of arranging a reunion banquet.
Max Herz.

Mount Hope, C. Z., May 16, 1911.

Red Cross Finances.
The financial condition of the Canal Zone
Chapter, American National Red Cross, on
May 1 was, as follows:

RECEIPTS.

April 1. Balance on hand $2,827.24

April 5. From Panama Govern-
ment, account Colon fire 5,000.00

April 5. From Colonial Musical
Association for relief of suffer-
ers, Colon tire 7. SO

April 6. From Cristobal Y. M.

C. A., account Colon fire 146.00

April 11. Proceeds of benefit ball
game, Cristobal, account Colon
fire 708.15

April 17. From Gorgona section,

for endowment fund 55.00

April 17. From Lieut. -Col. D. D.

Gaillard, for endowment fund.. 10.00

April 19. Proceeds of entertain-
ment. National Theatre. April
7, for endowment fund 540.10

April 24. Donated by Odd Fellows,
Las Cascadas, for Colon _ fire
sufferers 40.00

April 29. Donated to Red Cross
funds, employes of Panama
railroad. Colon 16.28

April 29. Membership dues during

month 19.00

Total receipts $89,369.27

DISBURSEMENTS.

April 11. Relief of American at

Cristobal $15.00

April 18. F. G. Smith, Gatun,

printing supplies 2.84

April 22. Postage 2.00

April 27. Isthmian Canal Com-
mission, printing and supplies,
account entertainment, April
7, foi endowment fund 40.62

April 27. Empire Dramatic Com-
pany and Cristobal Vaudeville
Company, account entertain-
ment for endowment fund.... 1C0. 00

April 30. Disbursed to date on
account of Colon fire 1,055.66

Total disbursements $1,216.12

April 30. Balance on hand $8,153.15

On hand in general fund $2,842.68

On hand in endowment fund 464.48

On hand in Colon fire fund 4,845.99

Total $8,153.15

John L. Phillips, Treasurer.
Approved: C. A. DevoL, Chairman.

Anti-Cigarette League.

The Boys' Anti-Cigarette League at Gor-
gona has just passed its second anniversary.
Section No. 1, composed of boys from 12 to
16 years old, has held its meetings without
a break in the schedule on alternate Wednes-
day evenings at the home of the league super-
intendent, Mrs. A. L. Hackenberg. It has
a circulating library to which new books are
added from time to time. The boys are
interested in the Boys' Temple, which is to
be erected in Chicago, and all of them have
subscribed to the fund. At a recent meeting,
Mr. Melville Booz addressed the boys on



"Character building." There are 12 members
in the section.

The membership of the junior section has
increased from 11 to 23 during the past year.
Their meetings are held at the home of the
superintendent of the section, Mrs. J. B.
March, on Friday evening of each week.
There are no dues, but the treasury is main-
tained by a collection which is taken up at
each meeting. The section has purchased a
library of 30 books which are now in circula-
tion among the members. Officers recently
elected to serve for six months are: Presi-
dent, Carl Paulus; secretary, Ray Fisher;
treasurer, Marcus Quinn; doorkeeper, Steven
Duran.

The Anti-Cigarette League was organized
on the Isthmus in 1909, by Dr. Dora Martin
of Chicago, official representative of the
National Anti-Cigarette League of America.



Memorial Day.

The United Spanish War Veterans, with
the cooperation of the Red Men, Knights of
Pythias, Odd Fellows and others, will hold
memorial services at Mount Hope cemetery
at 10 o'clock, Sunday morning, May 28

All American organizations in the Canal
Zone are invited to attend these services;
also, all other Americans who are not affiliated
with any society. Judge Thomas E. Brown,
Jr., of Cristobal will deliver the address.



Fourth of July Celebration.

At a meeting of the committee, appointed
for the purpose of making arrangements for
the celebration of the Fourth of July on the
Isthmus, held at Ancon on May 13, it was
decided to hold only one celebration and that
at Cristobal. The chief clerks of the various
departments and divisions will be requested
to act as members of the finance committee
for the purpose of furnishing subscription
blanks and receiving money to pay for the
celebration. The amounts remaining from
last year's celebration will be available to
help pay for this year's observance. The
following executive committee was appointed,
the members of which will act as chairmen,
and select the members of the various com-
mittees:

Mr. H. H. Rousseau, Chairman.

Mr. Geo. A. Ninas, Secretary.

Capt. H. W. Stickle. Entertainment and Amusement.

Mr. J. A. Smith, Transportation.

Mr. E. J. Williams, Finance.

Capt. R. E. Wood. Fireworks.

Dr. J. C. Perry. Dance.

Mr. Tom M. Cooke, Publicity.

A meeting of the executive committee will

be held in the Administration building at

Ancon on Saturday, May 20, at 2 p. m.



Steam Shovel and Dredgemen.

The I. B. of S. S. and D. M. will hold its
regular meeting on Sunday, May 21, at the
I. C. C. lodge hall, Empire, at 12.15 p. m.
We have some special business to transact,
and it is absolutely important that all brother-
hood men attend at this meeting.

Walter P. Tudor,
Secretary and Treasurer.
Empire, C. Z., May 11, 1911.



The British cruiser Kent, Capt. Stuart St.J.
Farquhar, arrived at Panama on May 8, and
the Challenger, Capt. Guy R. A. Gaunt,
arrived on May 11. All the officers were
given an opportunity to see the Canal works,
and a special train was run along the line for
the enlisted men.