Isthmian Canal Commission (U.S.).

Canal Record (Volume 4 no.1-52) online

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8 75


Average hourly output per mixer

Average amount oi concrete and
large stone laid per hour per
berm or chamber crane (actual


Cu Yds.
18.09














15,829.00


'2.029.00








15 829 00


22.929 00



Permanent plant consisted of one berm crane for
four days, and two berm cranes for 19 days.

Auxiliary plant consisted of two 2-cubic yard
mixers: and seven j-cubic yard, and one J-cubic yard
mixers, averaging 5.15 mixers a day.

DISTRICT NO. 2 — DREDGING.

The following is a statement of the output
of the five dredges which were in operation
during the month, and of the amount of
material excavated hydraulically:





TVpe.


WORK.


Plant.


Total.






Earth.


Rock.


Earth.


Rock.


Remarks.




Dipper.. ..
Ladder... .

Ladder

Ladder

Suction


Cu. Yds.

34.474
64.251
19,470
90.834
176.521


Cu. Yds.

15,487


Cu. Yds.


Cu. Yds.


Cu. Yds.

49,961
64,251

24,546
90.834
185.917


Place measurement
Place measurement
Place measurement
Place measurement
Scow measurement










5,076
















9.426










Total


385,550
•33.509


20.563


9,426




415,539
33.509










Place measurement












Grand Total


419,059


20,563 9 4?fi




449.048















♦Excavated from Canal prism, south of Miraflores lock site.



310



THE CANAL RECORD



Vol. IV., No. 39.



CHAME SAND EXCAVATION.

Approximately 40,400 cubic yards of sand
were excavated at Puma Chame and delivered
at Balboa.

DISTRICT NO. 3 — MUNICIPAL AND SANITARY
ENGINEERING.

Cocoli Lake Pump — The 8-inch motor-
driven centrifugal pump installed on the west
side of the Miraflores west dam for the pur-
pose of removing as much as possible the salt
water which leaked through the west dam
into Cocoli Lake, was operated 10 hours a
day for the first 11 days of the month, and
24 hours a day for the remainder of the month.
This pump draws water from a point 22 feet
below the surface of the lake and discharges
at the rate of 2,500 gallons a minute, or ap-
proximately 74,762,500 gallons for the month.
The first six days of the month the percentage
of chlorine in the discharge pipe of this pump
was reduced from 1,950 to 1,750 parts per
million; from that time to April 25, it was
reduced from 1,750 to 1,550 parts per million.

The reservoirs, water mains, sewers, roads,
and oil pipe lines were maintained and ex-
tended as required to facilitate construction
work. Work was continued on the municipal
improvements in the city of Panama.

DISTRICT NO. 4 ANCON QUARRY.

PERFORMANCE OF ROCK CRUSHER PLANT.

Hours.

Length of working day 9.00

Average number of hours per day (actual

working time) 6.37

Average amount crushed per hour of working C. Y.

day 219.43

Average amount crushed per working hour. . 322.71
Total outputforthe month 49,371.00

The 12-hour shift at Ancon quarry was
discontinued at the beginning of the month,
and the crusher is now being operated nine
hours a day. The crusher was shut down on
April 10 and 11 on account of the babbiting
o' the eccentric on the large crusher becoming
worn, which caused the bearing to run hot,
and it became necessary to put in a new eccen-
tric. The eccentric removed at this time had
been in the crusher since it was first installed,
and had been continually in use, crushing
approximately 900,000 cubic yards of rock.
Relocation of Panama Railroad.

During the month, 414,130 cubic yards of
material were excavated, increasing the total
excavation at the close of the month to 6,685,-
624 cubic yards, and 488,640 cubic yards of
material were placed in embankment, in-
creasing the total for this purpose to 12,240,-
578 cubic yards.

The average daily number of steam shovels
at work was 8.83, and the total number of
working days 24.

For comparison with the work done by steam
shovels during the preceding month, and
during the corresponding month of the previous
year, the following table has been prepared:



Period.


Excava-
ted by
shovels.


Classification of
material.


£ 6 o

■•• c i

> Vi "


en


Av. yards
per shovel
day.




Rock.


Earth.


1910:
April . .

1911:
March .
April . .


Cu. Yds.

212.097

.125.295
366,194


Cu.Yds.

82,295

250.505
2)5.731


Cu.Yds.

129.802

74.790
160,463


7.15

7.04
8.83


26

27
24


1,140

1.712
1.727



During the month, 2,452 feet of temporary
trestle were driven, and work on bridges and
culverts was continued. Nine thousand
three hundred and seventy-two linear feet of
70-pound track were relaid by 90-pound track,
the total of 70-pound and 90-pound track at
the end of the month being 148,372 linear



feet, and 28,369 linear feet, respectively. The
force averaged 2,232 men, in addition to
those employed by contractors.

Quartermaster's Department.

Labor — There was some shortage of un-
skilled labor during the month and few appli-
cations for employment from either Spaniards
or negroes. Although a number of laborers
were released by the Central Divison in the
Chagres district, they were apparently not
sufficient to supply the demand. The Pana-
ma railroad and the Depot Quartermaster re-
ported shortage of labor on the docks at Colon ,
and the storekeepers along the line found it
difficult to secure unskilled labor. Requests
were also received for additional laborers for
the relocation of the Panama railroad.

Quarters — Employes of the Central Divi-
sion were transferred from the Tabernilla-
San Pablo district, and bachelor quarters at
those points assigned as nonhousekeeping
quarters to a number of families. The Cen-
tral Division also made arrangements to trans-
fer its employes from Gorgona, which will
enable some of the men employed in the shops
to obtain quarters at that place. The removal
of certain buildings at Culebra necessitated
the transfer of about 20 families to Tabernilla,
Empire, and Paraiso. The number of labor-
ers occupying Commission quarters showed
a decrease of over 700.

Material and Supplies — During the month,
the dredge store house operated by the Atlan-
tic Division was transferred to the jurisdiction
of the Quartermaster's Department, the value
of material transferred amounting to §42,000.

Supplies during the month were delivered
by 28 steamers, the total weight of cargo
aggregating 39,818 tons, exclusive of 41,800
cross-ties and 137,189 feet, board measure,
of yellow pine lumber. The total value of
material received during the month was
$838,039.56.

Subsistence Department.

The operation of the European laborers'
messes, the colored laborers' kitchens, and
the line hotels, showed a net profitof $1,992.95.
The operation of the Hotel Tivoli showed a
net profit of $2,246.15, and there was a net
profit on restaurants, penitentiary, tugs, and
dredges of $135.95. The net profit on sub-
sistence operations was $4,375.05.

Department of Civil Administration.
COURTS.

During the month, 69 civil and 38 criminal
cases were diposed of in the Circuit Courts,
and 51 civil and 491 criminal cases in the
District Courts.

DIVISION OF POSTS, CUSTOMS, AND REVENUES.

Money order sales for April amounted to
$450,472.57, and the fees to S1.976.S7. Re-
ceipts from stamp and card sales, and news-
paper postage aggregated $6,051.10. The
total collection of revenues made by the divi-
sion was $18,777.61, and the collection on
account of court fines, costs and fees, $2,520.
66.

Twenty-six vessels entered at and 24 vessels
cleared from the port of Ancon; and 22 vessels
entered at and 24 vessels cleared from the
port of Cristobal.

DIVISION OF POLICE AND PRISONS.

The total number of persons arrested was
526, of whom 499 were men and 27 women.
Fifty-one nationalities were represented. The
total number of arrests for the month was an
increase of 84, as compared with March.
Thirteen convicts were committed to the



penitentiary, and seven were discharged,
leaving 143 in confinement at the close of the
month. The cost of guarding and subsisting
the convicts was $2,533.55, and the value of
their work on the Canal Zone roads was
$2,053.40.

DIVISION OF FIRE PROTECTION.

Nineteen fires were reported in the Canal
Zone during the month, as compared with 84
in March. The damage to Commission prop-
erty was $47, and to private property $210.

DIVISION OF PUBLIC WORKS.

In the city of Panama the average daily
consumption of water was 1,274,016 gallons,
and in Colon 833,633 gallons.

The usual inspection and maintenance
work of this division was performed during
the month.

DIVISION OF SCHOOLS.

The total enrollment in the white schools
during the month was 1,091, and the average
daily attendance 840.1, or 77 per cent of the
enrollment; and in the colored schools the
total enrollment was 1,466, and the average
daily attendance 508.1 or 35 per cent. Forty-
two white, and 25 colored teachers were em-
ployed in the division on April 30.

Department of Sanitation.

The total number of deaths from all causes
among employes was 38. These were divided,
as follows: From disease, 26, and from violence
12, giving the annual average per thousand
of 6.42 and 2.96, respectively.

The annual average death rate per thousand
among employes for the month of April in
previous years since American occupation was,
as follows:

1905 10.95

1906 30.00

1907 38.67

1908 7.77

1909 8.57

1910 13.04

The annual average death rate per thousand
in the cities of Panama, Colon, and the Canal
Zone, including both employes and nonem-
ployes, was 17.74.

The annual average death rate per thousand
for the month of April among the same class
of population for previous years was, as fol-
lows:

1905 39.29

1906 39.06

1907 40.97

1908 20.04

1909 16.77

1910 19.73

Segregating the whites from the blacks, the
annual average death rate per thousand from
disease among employes was: For whites,
2.85; blacks, 7.67, giving a general aver-
age of 6.42. For the same month during
1909, the annual average death rate per thou-
sand from disease was: Whites, 6.65; blacks,
7.15, giving a general average of 7.01, and
forthesame month during 1910: Whites, .4. 48;
blacks, 9.97, giving a general average of 8.62.

Among employes during the month, deaths
from the principal diseases were, as follows:
Chronic nephritis, 3; dysentery, clinical, 1;
malaria fever, E. A., 1; measles, 1; lobar
pneumonia, 9; tuberculosis, 3; and typhoid
fever, 1, leaving a balance of seven deaths from
all other diseases, and 12 deaths from external
violence.

The epidemic of measles, stated in a pre-
vious report, still continues, but is apparently
on the decline, the number of cases reported
being materially less.

No cases of yellow fever, smallpox, or
plague were brought to, or originated on the
Isthmus during the month. Respectfully,

Geo. W. Goethals, Chairman.



May 24, 1911.



THE CANAL RECORD



311



SOCIAL LIFE OF THE ZONE.



Women's Clubs.

Twenty members of the Empire Woman's
Club attended the meeting at the Com-
mission clubhouse on Thursday afternoon,
May 18. Mrs. Thomas E. Brown, Jr. of
Cristobal spoke on child welfare. Selections
for two violins were played by Mrs. W. H.
Decker and Miss Jessie Smith. The club has
decided to take up the study of India and
China as given by the Bay View course.



Church Notes.

In response to a request from West Indians,
living at Cana in Darien, the Rev. W. H.
Decker of St. James Church, Empire, was
sent to that station on April 26, and remained
ten days, during which time he held six
services, married three couples, and baptized
13 children. He organized a mission and
placed a catechist in charge until such time
as a regular clergyman can be sent to the
station. Services are held in a building set
apart for that purpose by the Darien Gold
Mining Company. There are about 400
persons in the mission.

The Rev. Henry C. Pouget, pastor of the
Roman Catholic church at East Balboa, has
been transferred to Cristobal, where he is in
charge of St. Joseph's church and parish, in-
cluding Cristobal, Mount Hope, and that part
of Colon south of Tenth Street. The Rev.
Valeriano Tanco, O. S. A., formerly of the
church of San Jose' in Panama, has been
assigned to the pastorate at East Balboa.

PERSONAL.



Col. Goethals will sail for the United
States on Thursday, May 25 for an absence
of about one month.



Fourth of July Celebration.

A meeting of the executive committee for
the Fourth of July celebration at Cristobal
was held at Ancon on Saturday, May 20. A
tentative program was adopted, and the
entertainment and amusement committee
was delegated to arrange the details. A
motion was adopted providing for free trans-
portation on the Fourth on Panama railroad
passenger trains to all Americans, and their
families, and to others subscribing to the
fund. Superintendent Smith advised that all
northbound passenger trains would be stopped
at Cristobal to unload, and that all south-
bound trains would leave the Colon station
and pass Cristobal without stopping.

A motion prevailed that in case weather
conditions prevented the display of fireworks
at Cristobal on the night of the Fourth, the
committee be authorized to distribute the
fireworks among the American settlements
in the Zone, and at Porto Bello. A motion was
passed approving of the program of the dance
committee which has arranged for a ball at
the Lincoln House, and which will endeavor
to arrange for other dances elsewhere, in
order that the crowd may be comfortably
distributed.

The Chairman reported the following com-
mittees:

Fireworks — Capt. R. E. Wood, chairman;
M.A. Follman, James Avery, George Buchan,
Frank Thompson, Frank Jury.

Publicity — Col. Tom. M. Cooke, chairman;
John O. Collins, W. M. Garrett.

Transportation — J. A. Smith, chairman.

Entertainment and Amusement — Capt. H.W.
Stickle, chairman; W. H. Brown, secretary.



Subcommittee on athletics: W. G. Comber,
chairman; M. E. Smith, Gatun; W. J. Earle,
Gorgona; A. R. Richards, Cristobal; H. H.
Hammer, Corozal; Charles Pulsifer, Empire;
R. S. Mosier, Cristobal; Hugh S. Hunter,
Ancon; John Weller, Colon; E. W. Tupper.
Subcommittee on water sports: Capt. C. J.
Anderson, chairman; H. R. Wilford, S. G.
Forbes, C. C. Snedeker, C. T. Owens, Ed.
Davis, W. T. Orr, A. R. McDaniels, C. E.
Bradley, Jr., D. F. Rabbitt. Honorary mem-
bers: All masters of American steamers in
port at Ancon and Cristobal, July 4. Sub-
committee on decoration and music: W. F.
Shippee, chairman; S. M. White, J. H.
Humphrey, A. L. McLean, Frank Jury, D. W.
MacCormack. Subcommittee on comfort
and refreshments: John Burke, chairman;
J. B. Doyle, William Brugge, W. T. McCor-
m'ck, Al. Lundin. Subcommittee on fire
d partment contests: C. E. Weidman, chair-
man; C. F. Koerner, H. J. Wempe, W. J. Cuff.
Subcommittee on marines: Lieut. H. S.
Wirgman, U.S.M.C. , chairman. Subcom-
mittee on police department stands: Capt.
C. W. Barber, chairman. Subcommittee on
property: J. H. Humphreys, chairman; Clyde
Hess, D. F. Fisher.

Finance — E. J. Williams, chairman; H. H.
Rousseau, member ex-officio; W. I. Beam,
Major S. D. Butler,. R. W. Hart, C. H.
Mann, George A. Ninas. R. M. Sands, A. B.
Shippee, H. E. Bovay, T. L. Clear, J. C.
Keller, C. A. Mcllvaine, Capt. C. Nixon,
C. M. Saville, William Taylor, John Burke,
F. C. Freeman, C. W. Lee, R. L. Mock, Judge
M. C. Rerdell, W. F. Shipley, R. H. Wardlaw.

Dance — Dr. J. C. Perry, chairman; Dr.
M. E. Connor, Robert Beverley, H. S. New-
comb, Rex Sartor.



COMMISSION CLUBHOUSES.



Rainfall from May 1 to 20, 1911, Inclusive.



Stations.



K C
rt o

s



Pacific Section —

Ancon

Balboa

*Miraflores. . . .

Pedro Miguel. .

Rio Grande. . . .
Central Sectioti —

Culebra

*Camacho

Empire

Gamboa

*Juan Mina. . . .

Alhajuela

*E1 Vigia

*Gorgona

San Pablo

Tabernilla

Bohio

Atlantic Section —

Gatun.

*Brazos Brook.

Cristobal

Porto Bello



Ins.
2.19
1.64
1.55
1.87
2.97

2.24
2.92
2.57
4.02



H



4.10


11


3.18


13


ISO


11


5.45


1.1


2.67


15


2.84


5


2. 14


18


3.22


16


2.55


10


2.44


6


5.14


2



Ins.
7.67
5.67
5.82
6.50

11.40

10.06
11.96
10.36
12.14
12.69
11.77
8.55
16.43
9.37
8.82
7.13

15.36

15.54
11.80
'13.36



♦Standard rain gauge — readings at 5 p. m. daily.
Automatic rain gauge at unstarred stations — values
midnight to midnight.

t To 5. p. m.. May 19.



Tide Table.

The following table shows the time of high and low
tides at Panama for the week ending May 31, 1911,
(75th meridian time):



Date.



May 25.
May 26.
May 27.
May 28 .
May 29.
May 30

May 31 .



High. Low.



A.M. I A.M.
12.46 7.04



1.42
2:33
3.22



7.55
8.47
9.35



High, i Low.



P. M. | P. M.
1.07 7.35



4.08 10.23

4.57 11.12

Noon

5.45 12.00



1.59
2.48
3.37
4.24
5.12

6.00



8.25
9.13
10.00
10.47
11.35



Activities of the Young Men's Christian Asso-
ciation.
Beginning with June 1, the Y. M. C. A. will place in
the hands of every member on the Zone, free of charge,
a monthly bulletin of health, which will deal with a
different phase of personal hygiene each month. The
articles will be written by specialists.

COROZAL.

A "smoker" is to be given on Saturday evening.
May 27, to which every member and nonmember in
Corozal is invited. The program will include piano,
vocal and popular music, brass bar swinging, and
wrestling. A mock trial will be the closing number.
Cigars and refreshments will be served.

The next informal social will be given at the club-
house on June 2.

CULEBRA.

In the bowling match last Saturday, Empire won two
out of three games.

The following are the 100, or over, scores made during
the week ending May 20: Huttlemeier, 101, 114; Con-
Ion, 104, 104; Case, 102. 127, 101, 101: Hill, 102, 118;
Brown, 100, 110, 100; Koperski, 106; Fox, 103, 101;
Judge, 108; Crain, 102; Stearns, 105; Mengel, 110;
Frederick, 101.

In a duckpin match Saturday morning, the Culebra
boys won three games from the Empire boys. Two
high scores were made: Bill Spur, 105; Paul Warner, 121.

EMPIRE.

In the bowling match last Saturday night. Empire
cook three straight games from Culebra.

The following high scores were rolled in duckpins
during the past week: Garrett, 100; Redeghiero, 114,
108, 114, 106; Gorham, 100; Pearson, 104; Rieman. 100;
Whalin, 103.

The Gorgona baseball team defeated the Empire
team on Saturday night, May 20, by the score of 26
to 3.

The literary society will debate on Friday night ,
May 26, "Resolved, that the Canal shall not be forti-
fied." Messrs. McLean and Morrowitz will lead.

GORGONA.

An athletic "smoker" was given under the auspices
of the physical department committee on Monday
evening, May 15, in honor of the track team that
carried off the honors at the Empire field meet on
Washington's Birthday. Mr. F. C. Freeman presented
the medals and team trophy to the athletes. Mr. F. G.
Swanson, chairman of the physical department com-
mittee, was master of ceremonies.

Mr. William J. Earle has been elected captain of the
track team for the Fourth of July meet. The candidates
will be expected to report to Mr. Earle and Mr. Hop-
kins during the week of June 10. Mr. Earle represented
Gorgona at a meeting of the Fourth of July athletic
committee, held at Cristobal, on Friday, May 19.

GATUN.

The Hill Magical Company, necromancers and illu-
sionists, presenting Prof. Kellerman and Assistant
Ivanoff , appeared at the Gatun clubhouse on Monday
evening, May 22.

A "Ragtime" indoor baseball game was played on
Friday evening. May 19. between the "Fats" and the
"Leans." The "Fats," captained by John Luckey,
won by a score of 22 to 8.

A handsome cue will be given the member who makes
the highest run in pool between May 15 and May 31.
Mr. DePoorter will receive entries for a handicap pool
tournament, and a three-cushion billiard tournament,
which will begin on June 1.

Gatun took one out of three games at duckpins with
Cristobal on Saturday, May 20.
CRISTOBAL.

Cristobal won two out of three duckpin games from
Gatun, Saturday night.

Gatun forfeited the league game of indoor baseball
Saturday night by failing to appear at Cristobal.

At the literary society, Wednesday, the 17th, Mr.
Chas. J. Dinnin gave a talk on the game of politics,
based on his experience in New York City. Tad Dick-
son, Jr., read an original story called the "Message
of the postcard." About 50 men have now joined.

A local basketball league of five teams was formed
last week Games will be played on Tuesday and
Thursday nights during the next two months.

Special moving pictures will be shown on Friday
night. May 26.

PORTO BELLO.

A poo! tournament will be started on May 22.
Prizes are to be given to the winners of first and second
places.

In the simultaneous chess game on May 11, Mr.
Hanbury won 5£ from 12 opponents. On May IS,
Mr. Tuttle won 5 J games from 10 opponents. A handi-
cap chess tournament is being arranged for the month
of June.



312



THE CANAL RECORD



Vol. IV., No. 39.



OFFICIAL CIRCULARS.



May 30 A Holiday.

Culebra. C. Z.. May 16, 1911.
Circular No. 390:

Decoration Day. Tuesday. May 30. 1911. will be
observed as a holiday in the Canal Zone, and. as far
as practicable, all public business will be suspended on
that day. Geo. W. Goethals,

Chairman and Chief Engineer .



Secretary to Chairman Assumes Duties Tempo-
rarily of Chief Clerk.

Culebra. C. Z., May 18, 1911.

Circular No. 391:

Effective this date, Mr. Wm. H. May will, m
addition to his duties as Secretary to the Chairman,
assume the duties of Chief Clerk during the absence
on leave of Mr. C. A. Mcllvaine.

Geo. W. Goethals.
Chairman and Chief Engineer.



Acting Division Engineer.

Culebra, C. Z., May 18. 1911.
Circular No. 392:

Effective this date. Mr. A. S. Zinn will act as Division
Engineer of the Central Division during the absence
of Lieutenant-Colonel D. D. Gaillard on leave.
Geo. W. Goethals.
Chairman and Chief Engineer.



Restrictions on Garden Hose Revoked.

Culebra, C. Z.. May 18, 1911.
Circular No. 365-a:

In view of the recent heavy rains the restrictions on
the use of garden hose, ordered in Circular No. 365,
are hereby revoked. Geo. W. Goethals,

Chairman and Chief Engineer.



Injury Leave of Employe Lent by One Division
to Another.

Culebra, C. Z.. May 16, 1911.
Circular No. 357-b: .

When an employe, temporarily loaned by one divi-
sion to another, is injured, the cost of all injury leave
incident thereto is borne by the division in which and
for which he was working at the time the injury was
sustained.

This extends the provisions of Circular No. 337-A,
which applies only to employes of the Mechanical
Division, to all departments and divisions.

Geo. W. Goethals.
Chairman and Chief Engineer.



Ice for Locomotives and Steam Shovels.
Culebra. C. Z., May 20, 1911.
Circular No. 393:

The following will hereafter be considered the stand-
ard allowance of ice for locomotives and steam shovels
of the Isthmian Canal Commission and Panama Rail-
road Company:

Locomotives — Not exceeding twenty pounds per day,

except

(1) Panama railroad passenger train locomotives

and through freight train locomotives, for
which the allowance will be five pounds per
trip: and

(2) Panama railroad shuttle train locomotives

and local freight train locomotives, for
which the allowance will be ten pounds per
day or per trip.
Steam Shovels — Not exceeding twenty pounds per day.
Geo. W. Goethals,
Chairman. Isthmian Canal Commission.
President. Panama Railroad Company.



to the ticket agent. Failure to observe these instruc-
tions will cause delay and confusion in arranging
transportation.

By direction of the Chairman. Respectfully,

C. A. McIlvaine, Chief Clerk.



MOVEMENT OF OCEAN VESSELS.



Cabins on the "Ancon".

Heads of Departments and Divisions:

Culebra. C. Z., May 20, 1911.
All available accommodations for cabin passengers
on the steamship Ancon. scheduled to sail from Cris-
tobal, on or about June 13. 1911 (replacing the sched-
uled sailing of the steamship Panama) having been
reserved, no further requests for cabin passage will
be issued.

Requests for steerage passage will be issued for this
sailing until further notice.
By direction of the Chairman.

Respectfully.
W. H. May. Secretary to the Chairman.



Requests for Reservations on P. R. R. Steamers.
Culebra. C. Z.. May 17, 1911.
Employes, when requesting reservations by mail on
Panama railroad steamers, should always furnish the