Isthmian Canal Commission (U.S.).

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Section 1. On and after the date on
which this Order shall take effect, there
shall be collected the sum of ten cents on
each and every litre, or fraction thereof, of
distilled spirits produced in the Canal Zone
from grain, starch, sugar, molasses, or any
other substance by distillation, or any other
alcoholic liquors produced by distillation,
for sale or consumption.

Section 2. Manufacturers or distillers of
any of the spirits or alcoholic liquors men-
tioned in the preceding section shall make
application in writing to the Collector of
Revenues of the Canal Zone, upon a form
prescribed by him, for license to engage in
business as such manufacturers or distillers.
No application shall be granted by the Collector
of Revenues unless the applicant secures the
the payment of the taxes that may accrue
under the provisions of this law by exe-
cuting a bond with two or more good* and
sufficient sureties to the satisfaction of the
Collector of Revenues, conditioned upon the
applicant's faithful compliance with this
Order and the regulations issued thereunder,
and that he will pay all taxes that may be
assessed against him underthis Order; or in lieu
of said bond the Collector of Revenues, in his
discretion, may require a money deposit from
such applicant to secure the payment of
such taxes. The said bond or deposit, as
the case may be, to be subject to such rules
and regulations in conformity herewith as
the Isthmian Canal Commission may from
time to time establish.

Section 3. The tax herein provided for
shall be computed upon a meter measure-
ment of the output of each still made through
a meter of standard make, which shall be
attached to the still under the supervision of
the Collector of Revenues, or his Deputy, and
in a manner satisfactory to said officer, and
at the expense of the owner or operator of
said still; and the Collector of Revenues shall
withhold the license for the operation of said
still until the said meter has been attached
thereto in the manner herein provided for.

Section 4. The licensed manufacturer or
distiller under this law shall be permitted to
sell or otherwise dispose of the output of his
still, at his place of manufacture or produc-
tion, in quantities of not less than five
gallons without the payment of any further
license tax than that prescribed by this Order.
Section 5. Any person manufacturing or
distilling any of the spirits or alcoholic
liquors herein enumerated before obtaining a
license to do so from the Collector of Revenues,
or before installing the meter herein pre-
scribed, or who shall tamper with any still or
meter or connection thereof with intent to
defraud the revenues of the Canal Zone,
shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon
conviction, shall be punished by a fine not
exceeding one thousand dollars (§1,000),
or by imprisonment in the district jail for a
term not exceeding twelve (12) months, or by
both such fine and imprisonment, within the
discretion of the court.

Section 6. The Isthmian Canal Commis-
sion may from time to time establish such



rules and regulations as may seem necessary
to execute the provisions of this Order.

Section 7. All laws, orders or decrees in
conflict with the provisions of this Order are
hereby repealed.

Section 8. This Order will be effective
thirty days from this date.

Wm. H. Taft.

The White House, May 13, 1911.
[No. 1353.]



other persons, or for sale, or to be used in
business, and are properly declared on regular
form, issued by customs authorities. Under
this ruling, employes are not allowed to
carry articles of merchandise into the States,
free of duty, for their relatives and friends.



Relating to the Boarding of Trains In the Canal
Zone.

By virtue of the authority in me vested, I
hereby establish the following Order for the
Canal Zone:

Section 1. Any person who shall board any
passenger, freight, or other railway train in the
Canal Zone, whether moving or standing, for
any purpose and without in good faith intend-
ing to become a passenger thereon, and with
no lawful business thereon, and with intent
to obtain a free ride on such train, however
short the distance, without the consent of the
person or persons in charge thereof, shall be
guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall be punished
by fine of not less than five dollars, nor more
than twenty dollars.

Section 2. This Order shall take effect
thirty days from this date.

Wm. H. Taft.

The White House, May 11, 1911.
[No. 1352.]



Gatun Dam Spillway.
The concrete work in the spillway of Gatun
Dam is over 60 per cent completed, 137,327
cubic yards, out of a total of 225,000, having
been placed at the close of work on May 27.
A statement of the amount laid each day
last week, and of the total in place, follows:



Date.


Concrete
Laid.


Hours
worked.


No.

Mixers.


May 22


256
244
276
176
176
212


8:00
8:15
8:30
6:30
8:00
8:00




May 23




May 24




May 25




May 26




May 27








Total


1.340
135,987


47:15




Previously reported . . .






137.327









Porto Hello Crusher.
A statement of the work done at Porto
Bello crusher, by days, for the two weeks
ending May 27, follows:



Drowning.

Ambrose O'Neill, an American, employed
as fireman in the Cristobal fire department,
was drowned while bathing at Toro Point
on Tuesday, May 30. He was born at Liber-
ty, N.Y., was 34 years of age, and had been
on the Isthmus since May 31, 1910. His
father, residing at 81 McDougal street,
Brooklyn, survives him.

Duty Exemption for Returning Employes.

Employes of the Isthmian Canal Commis-
sion and the Panama Railroad Company,
returning to the States, are allowed $100
worth of merchandise in the nature of per-
sonal effects at their foreign value, free of
duty, provided they are not intended for



Date.


Hours
worked.


Cubic

Yards.


May 15


5:41

5:55
5:43
5:04
5:58
4:38


2,180
2,033
1.964
1,814
2.312
1.613




May 17


May 18


May 19


May 20




Total


32:59


11.916




May 22


5:17
3:18
6:01
5:34
6:58
6:11


1,727
1,653
1.721
1,348
2,801
2,532


May 23


May 24


May 25


May 26


May 27




Total


33:19


11,782





Married.

SHADY-BEELER— At Greencastle, Indiana, on
May 11, Ada Mae, daughter of Mrs. Elizabeth Beeler,
to Mr. Richard Carson Shady. Canal Zone residence!
Gorgona.



LABOR FORC E AND QUART ERS IN APRIL.

The total of the Canal and Panama railroad force at work on April 26 was 35,259, as
compared with 35,806 in March, 1911 and with 36,903 in April, 1910. Of the total in April,
1911, Canal employes numbered 28,132, and Panama railroad, 7,127. The force report
follows:



Department.



Const'ct'n audEng'r'og
Civil Administration...

Sanitation

Quartermaster's

Subsistence

Disbursements

Examinat'n of Accounts.



Total

Month previous .
Changes



SILVER EMPLOYES.*



1.459
193
657
940
664
7
5



6.925

7,004

-79



ISllS
'.'. 3



659 2.503

3 17

2 3

138 61
1



2.584

2.696

112



European
Laborers.



3.03S



3,125
3.344

-219



1.172
1,282
-110



West Indian
Laborers.



521

553
-32



3.S66



3.8S3
3.583
+300



2.776

7

283

732



3,798
4,056
-258



Total
Silver.



19.619

222

965

2.108

66*

7

5



3,432
358
366
213
52
24
95



O



23.5*2 4.540

24.132 4.718

-540 -178



23.051

580

1.331

2,321

718

31

100

28,132
28.S50

-718



Panama railroad force, 3,786: Panama railroad relocation force. 2,322; Panama railroad commissary force
1,019. Total. 7.127. I. C. C. force. 28.132. Grand total, 35.259.
*A11 wages specified are in gold.

On May 1, there were 23,403 occupants of commission quarters. Of this number, there

were 9,446 white Americans, including 5,438 men, 2, OSS women, and 1,923 children. There

were 5,562 Europeans, of whom 4,954 were men, 259 were women, and 349 were children.

There were 8,395 negroes, of whom 5,945 were men, 1,125 were women, and 1,325 were

children. The above figures include 30 Asiatics at Balboa, and two at Porto Bello.



316



THE CANAL RECORD



Vol. IV., No. 40.



ATLANTIC TERMINAL DOCKS.



Project Providing for Extensive System Approved.
A project for terminal facilities at the
Atlantic entrance of the Canal has been
approved. It consists of a series of five rein-
forced concrete docks at which ten 1,000-foot
vessels, or 20 vessels of the type now in the
Isthmian trade, may tie up at one time and
take on and discharge cargo. After consulta-
tion with representatives of the Navy, Cristobal
Point was determined upon as the site, and
borings are now being made to determine the
nature of the material underlying the water at
this place. A preliminary estimate, based
on a preliminary survey, places the cost of



The docks and anchorage basin in their
relation to Cristobal, Colon and the Canal
entrance are shown in the accompanying
illustration. The plan provides for an an-
chorage basin east of the Canal, an artificial
mole projecting from Cristobal Point, and
docks between this mole and the anchorage
basin, and the construction of docks around
Cristobal Point. It provides for complete
shelter of vessels without the construction of
the east breakwater, and will enable them to
discharge and take on cargo without entering
the Canal, an advantage over the plan here-
tofore considered of having an interior
anchorage basin immediately north of Gatun.



bed rock. These cylinders will be filled with
concrete and connected by a solid bulkhead
of reinforced concrete sheet piles, 12 by 20
inches, driven to a point 15 feet below the
lowest dredging of the channel. A steel
girder encased in concrete, joining the tops
of these cylinders, and a 24-inch I-beam
encased in concrete and located 15 feet below
the water line, take the thrust of the piling.
The cylinders will be tied together in pairs
directly across the width of each pier. The
area with the bulkheads will then be filled to
floor level, which will be 10 feet above mean
tide, and covered with a floor of surface
hardened concrete.



CO






o




/=!A/VAA4j4



CAA/AL.



PLAN OF TERMINAL DOCKS AT ATLANTIC ENTRANCE.



the series of docks at $7,811,666, divided, as
follows:

Breakwater and back filling $958,100.00

Permanent extension, Dock 11 (Pier IS)

and Pier 16 479.221.00

Pier 17 696.389.00

Piers 18, 19, 20, 21 2.785.556.00

Dredging 9.558,000 cubic yards 2,867.400.00

Construction plant 25.000.00

Total $7,811,666.00



Pending the result of investigations now
in progress, the nature of the construction has
not been determined. Borings so far made,
however, indicate a good bottom, and the
desirability of concrete bulkhead construction,
and the preliminary estimate quoted above
is based on this method. It contemplates
the sinking of steel cylinders, 10 feet in diam-
eter, spaced 20 feet from center to center, to



It is estimated that the breakwater and
approaches to the docks will require 1,500,000
cubic yards of filling; and the piers themselves
913,000 cubic yards. There will also be re-
quired 675 steel cylinders, 152,565 cubic
yards of concrete, 402,000 linear feet of
reinforced concrete sheet piling, 1,498,560
pounds of steel girder, and 804,000 pounds of
steel I-beam.



Cristobal Drydock Operations.

The record of operations at the Cristobal
drydock for the period from January 1, 1911,
to May 20, inclusive, shows that 43 vessels
had entered and had been given repairs. The
vessels occupying the dock for the longest
periods during this time were the suction
dredge Caribbean, which received a general
overhauling, and barge No. 7, which was
beached and damaged by a "norther" at



Colon in December last. Included in the list
of vessels that underwent repairs were two
schooners engaged in the West India trade,
the Eduardo of St. Croix, and the John
Blackwood of Barbados.



Spanish War Veterans.
Chagres Camp, No. 2, U.S. W. V., will hold
a special recruiting meeting in Las Cascadas,
on Sunday, June 4, at 7 p. m., in the lodge



hall. For blank applications apply to ad-
jutant or commander of camp at Culebra.
All members are notified that a regular meet-
ing will be held at Culebra on June 10, at 8
p. m., in the lodge hall. The department
inspector will hold an inspection of the camp
on that night, and it is requested that all
comrades be present.

H. W. Coutermarsh, Adjutant.
Culebra, C. Z., May 26, 1911.



May 31, 1911.



THE CANAL RECORD



317



FRENCH CANAL PROPERTY.

Special Committee Estimates Its Value to the
Isthmian Canal Commission at $42,799,826.

The following report has been approved by
the Chairman and Chief Engineer, and the
committee's valuation of the property ac-
quired from the French Canal Company has
been adopted as the official appraisement of
the Isthmian Canal Commission:
Col. Geo. W. Goethals,

Chairman and Chief Engineer,

Culebra, C. Z.

Sir: The special committee appointed by
you "to ascertain the value of what the United
States received from the French, and for
which the United States paid 540,000,000,"
have the honor to report:

In your letter dated May 3, 1911, appoint-
ing the committee, you said:

"Since the estimates were made which are
now quoted in this matter, new information
has developed that may affect the previous
values. Just what figures shall be accepted
will depend upon the assumptions on which
they are based, and, therefore, any statement
of valuation should be accompanied by a full
explanation of such assumptions."

The estimate of $40,000,000 was made by

the Isthmian Canal Commission of 1899-1901

in a supplementary report to the President,

under date of January IS, 1902, and contained

the following items:

Excavation already done ,$27,474,033

Panama Railroad stock at par .... 6.SS0.000
Maps, drawings and records. ..... 2,000,000

$36,324,033
To cover omissions 3,675,967

$40,000,000

In making their investigation the present
committee decided to take up the items of
this estimate in their regular order consider-
ing first the question of excavation.
Excavation-

When the Isthmian Canal Commission of

1899-1901 made its estimate, it had in view

a canal project which contemplated the use

of 39,586,332 cubic yards of the excavation

done by the French. This project was for a

sea level channel from Cristobal to Bohio, a

lake from Bohio to Pedro Miguel, an excavated

channel from the locks at Pedro Miguel to

Miraflores, and a sea level channel from

Miraflores to the Bay of Panama. For the

project now under construction, which was

authorized in its general features in June,

1906, the volume of useful French excavation

is much less than that estimated for the

project of the Commission of 1899-1901,

chiefly because a very large portion of the

French canal between Gatun and Bas Obispo

is below the + 40-foot grade of the present

project. The committee of December, 1909,

appointed to determine the volume of French

excavation, which was useful to the present

project, reported the amount as 29,908,000

cubic yards, classified, as follows:

Cubic Yards.

Dry 23,138,000

Wet 6,770.000

Total 29,908.000

In determining the value of this excavation
to the present project, consideration was given
to the fact that it was pioneer work. It in-
cluded clearing the ground and opening up
the work, and also the diversion of several
streams. It is probable that a large quantity
of it was hand work, and, although it was
mostly earth, pioneer excavation is expensive.
There was also a considerable amount of rock



removed at Gold and Contractor Hills, and at
Bas Obispo. For these reasons it was decided
by the committee to value this excavation at
the average price of excavation under the
present Commission previous to June 30,
1909, at which time a total of about 40,000,000
cubic yards of dry excavation had been re-
moved. This average price was $1.03 for
dry excavation, and 23 cents for wet. On this
basis the value of useful French excavation
to the present project is:

Dry. 23.138.000 c. v.. at S1.03. . . .523.832.140
Wet. 6,770.000 c. y.. at $0.23 1,557,100

Total $25,389,240

In the judgment of the committee this is a
very conservative estimate, inasmuch as no
charge is included for waterworks or sanita-
tion, expenses which would have been incurred
had this excavation been done by the present
commission.

Panama Railroad Stock.
Included in the purchase from the new
Panama Canal Company were 68,888 shares
of Panama Railroad stock, par value SI 00
each, leaving 1,112 shares in the hands of
private parties. These 1,112 shares were
purchased at a cost of $157,118.24, or an
average price of $140. In arriving at the value
to the Commission of the 68.888 shares, the
average price paid for the outstanding shares
was used. This gives a valuation of $9,644,-
300. When it is considered that the railroad
is a very valuable asset to the Commission,
and, that through ownership of the property,
the Commission has secured the transporta-
tion of its freight and passengers at cost,
besides using the Panama Railroad Company
in many other ways, the valuation is thought
reasonable.

Maps, Drawings and Records.
After careful consideration of this item,
based on experience since the Americans
began work, it was the unanimous judgment
of the committee that the estimate of $2,000,-
000 was a conservative one, and should stand
approved in the present valuation.
Material and Equipment.
A partial inventory of the material and
equipment received from the French was
made by the Commission in June, 1906, and
this has been supplemented by members of
the present committee with the following
results:

Floating equipment $65 1 ,000

Shop machinery and tools 111,076

Rolling stock 297,900

Scrap 294,071

Miscellaneous material 751,396

Air compressors 6,620

Total value $2,112,063

Buildings.
An estimate of the value of the buildings
received from the French Canal Company,
by the Americans, based on the past value of
the buildings at the time of the transfer, plus
the value of repairs, minus 10 per cent 'o
cover depreciation, was made by the architect
of the Commission in 1908. There were 2,148
buildings in the Canal Zone turned over by
the French, of which, on August 1, 1908,
1,536 had been repaired and were in use.
Their estimated value was, as follows:

Quarters, gold $625,483.63

Quarters, silver 443,800.30

Hotels 7.455.23

Hospitals 482,763.31

Jails 13.503.34

Schoolhouses 12,702.78

Shops 110,200.85

Storehouses 94,099.70

Structures 77.218.20

Miscellaneous buildings of old
Department of Sanitation and
Government 11 .976.46

Total $1,879,203.80



Xot included in this list was the Adminis-
tration building in Panama, and the residence
at present used as the American Legation in
Panama. The value of the former, in the
judgment of the Committee, was $125,000;
and of the latter, $50,000, making the total
value of the buildings received from the
French, $2,054,203.

Lands.
The French Canal Company purchased,
during its existence, a total of 13,520 hectares
of land, for which it paid $535,120.73 Co-
lombian money, then equivalent to $428,-
096.58 gold. This land was included in the
property transferred to the United States, but
no estimate of its value was made by the
Commission of 1 899-1901 . The price paid for
those portions of these lands lying along the
line of the Canal do not vary materially from
the prices paid by the United States for lands
which it has purchased in similar localities
since construction began, but others of the
French lands, notably those lying near the
Pacific entrance of the Canal, were purchased
at much lower figures than they could be
purchased today. Taking as a basis for
valuation the prices which the United States
has paid for lands, both through private
agreements and under awards made by joint
commissions, it is the opinion of the com-
mittee that, if the United States was not the
owner of any of these lands, and was obliged
to acquire them today, in view of the cer-
tainty of the Canal's completion, the cost
would not be less than $1,000,000.
Other Items.
The committee have considered that the
French channel from Balboa to deep water,
which was in use for approximately the first
four years of American occupation was
worth, to the Commission, the sum of
$125,000 a year, or $500,000, this being the
only approach for commercial shipping and
for the delivery of supplies on the Pacific side
during that period.

There was a considerable amount of clear-
ing and roadmaking done by the French at
several points in the Canal Zone, notably at
Ancon, Cristobal, and Empire. The commit-
tee consider the sum of $100,000, a moderate
estimate of the value of this work.
Recapitulation.

Excavation $25,389,240

Panama Railroad stock 9,644,320

Maps, drawings and records 2,000,000

Material and equipment 2,112.063

Buildings 2,054,203

Lands 1.000.000

Use of Pacific ship channel 500,000

Roadmaking and clearing 100,000

$42,799,826

In reaching their conclusions, the commit-
tee have ascertained from all available data,
the value to the Commission at the present
time of the various properties acquired. In
their judgment, the aggregate valuation —
$42,799,826 — is as accurate an estimate as it
is possible to make, and they recommend that
it be adopted as the official appraisement of
the Commission.

Very respectfully,

Joseph Bucklin Bishop, Chairman,

W. G. Comber,

A. S. Zinn,

Ad. Faure,

R. W. Hart,

H. S. Farish.

The Southern Baptist Conference will grant
a loan to the Baptist mission in Colon for the
reconstruction of their church building, which
was destroyed by the recent fire.



318



THE CANAL RECORD



Vol. IV., No. 40.



SOCIAL LIFE OF THE ZONE.



Women's Clubs.

With the meeting on Thursday afternoon,
May 11, the season of the Gorgona Woman's
Club closed. The present officers will hold
over until fall. Meetings will be resumed
on September 14, when officers will be elected
and the work for the year planned.

The season of the Paraiso Woman's Club
closed on Wednesday afternoon, May 24,
with a large attendance. Beside the club
members, there were present members of the
Empire Woman's Club, the teachers and
pupils of the upper grade school at Paraiso,
and other guests. The gallery of pictures
belonging to the Canal Zone Federation of
Women's Clubs was exhibited, and Mrs.
A. O. Herman of the Cristobal Woman's
Club spoke on the different schools of art
and the masterpieces represented in the
exhibit. Miss Jessie Smith played a violin
selection, accompanied by her mother, Mrs.
M. E. Smith. The "Current events" class
was led by the chairman, Mrs. C. G. Hennigh.
The program was followed by a general recep-
tion. Refreshments were served at tables
decorated with ferns and roses. The club
season will reopen in September.



Church Notes.

At a dance in the social hall over the Com-
mission hotel, Las Cascadas, by the members
of St. Bernardo's Church, on May 13, the
receipts were $85. St. Bernardo's parish is
about two years old. The building occupied
by the church was given by the Commission,
janitor service and light being furnished. In
addition, there are two rooms for the resident
priest in the rear of the building, which were
furnished by the Commission. The pews and
furnishings of the church, and the organ, were
given by the members of the congregation,
which is composed of about 20 American
families residing in Las Cascadas. There are
two societies connected with the church, viz.,
St. Elizabeth's Altar Society, which is com-
posed of 14 ladies, and the St. Bernardo's
men's club. Mass is celebrated every Sunday
at 9:15 a. m.; Sunday school meets at
10 a. m., and vespers are sung at 7:45 p. m.
The choir is composed of Americans.

At the invitation of Father Rojas, pastor of
the Gorgona Catholic church, Messrs. Ergen-
zinger and Sheridan of Empire came to Gor-
gona on Sunday, May 7, and told the Catholic
men of Gorgona of the work of St. Fer-
dinand's Society at Empire. Those attending
decided to organize a similar society to that
in Empire, and the Gorgona Catholic Club
was formed. The purpose of the club is to
promote acquaintance among the Catholics
of Gorgona, and incidentally assure a fixed
sum for the pastor of the church.

Officers were elected and permanent com-
mittees were appointed to look after the wel-
fare of the club. The officers are: President,
K. G. Faille ; vice-president, George A. Ringger;
secretary, A. P. Ridge; treasurer, John J.